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Sample Paper – 2011 Class – XII Subject –Physics

Q:1 A molecule of a substance has a permanent electric dipole moment of magnitude 10 –29 C m. A mole of this substance is polarised (at low temperature b! appl!ing a strong electrostatic field of magnitude 10 " # m–1. $he direction of the field is suddenl! changed b! an angle of "0%. &stimate the heat released b! the substance in aligning its dipoles along the new direction of the field. 'or simplicit!( assume 100) polarisation of the sample Q:2 A spherical conducting shell of inner radius r1 and outer radius r2 has a charge Q. (a A charge q is placed at the centre of the shell. *hat is the surface charge densit! on the inner and outer surfaces of the shell+ (b ,s the electric field inside a ca-it! (with no charge .ero( e-en if the shell is not spherical( but has an! irregular shape+ &/plain. Q!3 A c!lindrical capacitor has two co0a/ial c!linders of length 11 cm and radii 1.1 cm and 1.2 cm. $he outer c!linder is earthed and the inner c!linder is gi-en a charge of 3.14C. 5etermine the capacitance of the s!stem and the potential of the inner c!linder. 6eglect end effects (i.e.( bending of field lines at the ends . Q!4$wo charged conducting spheres of radii a and b are connected to each other b! a wire. *hat is the ratio of electric fields at the surfaces of the two spheres+ 7se the result obtained to e/plain wh! charge densit! on the sharp and pointed ends of a conductor is higher than on its flatter portions. Q!5 A small sphere of radius r1 and charge q1 is enclosed b! a spherical shell of radius r2 and charge q2. 8how that if q1 is positi-e( charge will necessaril! flow from the sphere to the shell (when the two are connected b! a wire no matter what the charge q2 on the shell is. Q! $he resistance of the platinum wire of a platinum resistance thermometer at the ice point is 1 9 and at steam point is1.23 9. *hen the thermometer is inserted in a hot bath( the resistance of the platinum wire is 1.:91 9. Calculate the temperature of the bath. Q:: A resistance of R 9 draws current from a potentiometer. $he potentiometer has a total resistance R0 9 . A -oltage V is supplied to the potentiometer. 5eri-e an e/pression for the -oltage across R when the sliding contact is in the middle of the potentiometer. Q:; $wo wires of e<ual length( one of aluminium and the other of copper ha-e the same resistance. *hich of the two wires is lighter+ =ence e/plain wh! aluminium wires are preferred for o-erhead power cables. ( Al > 2."3 ? 10–; 9 m( Cu > 1.:2 ? 10–; 9 m( @elati-e densit! of Al > 2.:( of Cu > ;.9. Q!" shows a potentiometer with a cell of 2.0 # and internal resistance 0.20 9 maintaining a potential drop across the resistor wire AA. A standard cell which maintains a constant emf of 1.02 # (for -er! moderate currents upto a few mA gi-es a balance point at ":.3 cm length of the wire. $o ensure -er! low currents drawn from the standard cell( a -er! high resistance of "00 B 9 is put in series with it( which is shorted close to the balance point. $he standard cell is then replaced b! a cell of unBnown emf & and the balance point found similarl!( turns out to be at ;2.3 cm length of the wire. Other Educational Portals | | |

1 cm apart+ .http://www.dulife. . =ow will !ou con-ert the metre into an ammeter of range 0 to " A+ | | www. Q:12 A toroid has a core (non0ferromagnetic of inner radius 21 cm and outer radius 2" cm( around which 3100 turns of a wire are wound.1 m carries a current of 2 A. $he wire is connected through two leads parallel to the a/is of the solenoid to an e/ternal batter! which supplies a current of ".0 cm( its direction parallel to the a/is along east to west..ontal a/is which coincides with its diameter.0 A in the north to south direction passes through this region. . A current of 1.0 A is set up in the rod through the wires.0 cm long wire of mass 2. A uniform magnetic field of 2$ in the Other Educational Portals www. A wire carr!ing current of :.ontal direction e/ists such that initiall! the a/is of the coil is in the direction of the field. (a *hat magnetic field should be set up normal to the conductor in order that the tension in the wires is .2 A.ontal plane. (a *hat is the field at the centre of the coil+ (b *hat is the magnetic moment of this coil+ the coil is placed in a -ertical plane and is free to rotate about a hori. *hat is the magnitude of the magnetic field+ Q:10 A solenoid of length 0.s the force attracti-e or repulsi-e+ Q!1 A uniform magnetic field of 1. m s–2. g > 9. (c *hat are the magnitudes of the tor<ues on the coil in the initial and final position+ (d *hat is the angular speed ac<uired b! the coil when it has rotated b! 90%+ $he moment of inertia of the coil is Bg m 2. Q!13 An electron tra-elling west to east enters a chamber ha-ing a uniform electrostatic field in north to south direction. .ignouguess.1 g lies inside the solenoid (near its centre normal to its a/isC both the wire and the a/is of the solenoid are in the hori. $he coil rotates through an angle of 90% under the influence of the magnetic field. A 2.gnore the mass of the wires. Q!15 $he wires which connect the batter! of an automobile to its starting motor carr! a current of 300 A (for a short time .magicsense. =ow will !ou con-ert the metre into a -oltmeter of range 0 to 1.cbseguess. *hat is the force per unit length between the wires if the! are :0 cm long and 1.0 A in the wire.ontal magnetic field #. m s –2.cbseguess.21 m and mass "0 g is suspended b! two -ertical wires at its ends..f the current in the wire is 11 A( what is the magnetic field (a outside the toroid( (b inside the core of the toroid( and (c in the empt! space surrounded b! the toroid.0 cm+ Q!1$ A solenoid "0 cm long and of radius 2.ero+ (b *hat will be the total tension in the wires if the direction of current is re-ersed Beeping the magnetic field same as before+ (. *hat is the magnitude of the magnetic field inside the solenoid+ Q!11 A 100 turn closel! wound circular coil of radius 10 cm carries a current of 3. 8pecif! the direction in which a uniform magnetic field should be set up to pre-ent the electron from deflecting from its straight line path. Q!1" A gal-anometer coil has a resistance of 12 9 and the metre shows full scale deflection for a current of 3 mA. #+ Q:19 A gal-anometer coil has a resistance of 11 9 and the metre shows full scale deflection for a current of 2 mA. Q!14 A straight hori. *hat is the magnitude and direction of the force on the wire if( (a the wire intersects the a/is( (b the wire is turned from 608 to northeast0northwest direction( (c the wire in the 608 direction is lowered from the a/is b! a distance of ".t is suspended in mid0air b! a uniform hori.icseguess. *hat -alue of current (with appropriate sense of circulation in the windings of the solenoid can support the weight of the wire+ g > 9.1 m has a radius of 1 cm and is made up of 100 turns.t carries a current of 1 A.1 $ e/ists in a c!lindrical region of radius10.0 cm has 3 la!ers of windings of 300 turns .com | www.c om/ Q:9 A straight wire of mass 200 g and length 1.ontal conducting rod of length 0.

. Q:20 A solenoid has a core of a material with relati-e permeabilit! 200. Q:21 A domain in ferromagnetic iron is in the form of a cube of side length | | www.ontal.ontal magnetic field of 0. $he windings of the solenoid are insulated from the core and carr! a current of 2A. *hat is its associated magnetic moment+ Q!23 .1" D. &/plain the sense in which the solenoid acts liBe a bar magnet. Assume that each iron atom has a dipole moment of 9.icseguess.1 ? 10 –2 m2 carries a current of 3. $he north tip of the magnetic needle of a dip circle placed in the plane of magnetic meridian points "0% abo-e the hori.01" 6m.dulife.http://www.PHYSICS(+"11552051) | www.f the solenoid in is free to turn about the -ertical direction and a uniform hori.2 ? 10–2 $. $he hori.cbseguess. &stimate the number of iron atoms in the domain and the ma/imum possible dipole moment and magnetisation of the domain.cbseguess. Q:21 % &%'netic dipole is under the influence of two magnetic fields.ontal component of the earthGs field is measured to be 0. Aut force should cause acceleration.2:?10 –22 A Q:22 A closel! wound solenoid of .com .ation (for the same magnetising field when cooled+ (b *h! is diamagnetism( in contrast( almost independent of temperature+ (c . $he molecular mass of iron is 11 gEmole and its densit! is :.f a toroid uses bismuth for its core( will the field in the core be (slightl! greater or (slightl! less than when the core is empt!+ Q:2: $he electron drift speed is estimated to be onl! a few mm s –1 for currents in the range of a few amperes+ =ow then is current established almost the instant a circuit is closed+ (b $he electron drift arises due to the force e/perienced b! electrons in the electric field inside the conductor.f the dipole comes to stable e<uilibrium at an angle of 11% with this field( what is the magnitude of the other field+ Q!2 (a *h! does a paramagnetic sample displa! greater magneti.00 turns and area of cross section 2.c om/ A short bar magnet placed with its a/is at 30% with an e/ternal field of .ignouguess. 5raw the labeled diagram of -andegraff generator and mo-ing coil gal-anometer A(AY YADA) P*T. $he angle between the field directions is "0%( and one of the fields has a magnitude of 1.9 gEcm3. *h! then do the electrons ac<uire a stead! a-erage drift speed+ (c . (a *hat is the magnetic moment of the magnet+ (b *hat is the worB done in mo-ing it from its most stable to most unstable position+ (c $he bar magnet is replaced b! a solenoid of cross0sectional area 2 ? 10 –2 m2 and 1000 turns( but of the same magnetic moment.0 A. 8pecif! the direction and magnitude of the earthGs field at the location.21 $ is applied( what is the magnitude of tor<ue on the solenoid when its a/is maBes an angle of 30F with the direction of applied field+ Q:22 At a certain location in Africa( a compass points 12% west of thegeographic north. 5etermine the current flowing through the solenoid.f the number of turns is 1000 per metre( calculate (a H( (b M( (c B and (d the magnetising current Other Educational Portals www.magicsense.f the electron drift speed is so small( and the electronGs charge is small( how can we still obtain large amounts of current in a conductor+ (d *hen electrons drift in a metal from lower to higher potential( does it mean that all the HfreeG electrons of the metal are mo-ing in the same direction+ (e Are the paths of electrons straight lines between successi-e collisions (with the positi-e ions of the metal in the (i absence of electric field( (ii presence of electric field+ Q:2. .00 D e/periences a tor<ue of 0.

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