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Unit 1 Nature of Science Study Guide

Name-____

___________ Date-____________

Scientific Inquiry1. Why is lab safety important? Lab safety is important so students will be safe and there will be no
accidents.
2. What are observations? A detailed description of an object or event.
3. What is the difference between a qualitative and quantitative observation?
Qualitative- An observation using the 5 senses
Quantitative- An observation using measurement or numbers
4. What is the difference between an observation and an inference?
Observation- A detailed description using the senses or measurement.
Inference- A logical explanation for an observation.
5. What is a prediction? A prediction is an educated guess of what will happen.
6. What are the 3 ways I write a hypothesis?
7. What are the steps to the Controlled Scientific Investigation?
1. Problem or Question
2. Background Information/ Research
3. Make a Prediction or Hypothesis
4. Procedures/ Materials
5. Data Collection
6. Data Analysis
7. Write a Conclusion
8. Communicate
8. Why is it important to change one variable at a time?
9. Why is it important to repeat trials in an experiment with a large sample size? So the results are valid
10. What is the difference between dependent (responding) and independent (manipulative) variables?
DRY-Dependent/Responding/Y-axis
MIX-Manipulative/Independent/ X-axis
11. What labels do I need on a bar graph or data Table?
Title
Label the x-axis
Label the y-axis
12. What questions can be investigated through a scientific experiment? Testable questions

Scientific Inquiry Review Puzzle

ACROSS
1 MEASUREMENT FOR LIQUIDS
5 INSTRUMENT THAT MAGNIFIES AN
IMAGE IN MICROMETERS SO THAT
YOU CAN SEE IT WITH THE NAKED
EYE.
6 THE VARIABLE THAT CHANGES
BECAUSE OF WHAT I CHANGED. ALSO
CALLED RESPONDING.
8 INSTRUMENT THAT MEASURES
TEMPERATURE IN CELSIUS.
1 MEASUREMENT FOR MASS
0
1 REASON WHY YOU DO A TRIAL
6 REPEATED TIMES, USUALLY THREE.
1 THE PROCESS OF PROBLEM,DEVELOP
7 SOLUTION, IMPLEMENT SOLUTION,
EVALUATE PRODUCT.
2 A FORMAL STATEMENT USING "IF,
0 THEN" IN A SCIENTIFIC
INVESTIGATION.
2 REASON I CHANGE ONE VARIABLE AT
1 A TIME.
DOWN
2 A LOGICAL EXPLANATION FOR AN
OBSERVATION. PAST TENSE

3 INSTRUMENT THAT MEASURES

DISTANCE IN METERS.
4 THE VARIABLE I CHANGED. ALSO
CALLED MANIPULATIVE.
5 MEASUREMENT FOR DISTANCE
7 PNEUMONIC TO HELP REMEMBER
WHERE TO PUT THINGS ON A GRAPH
9 USING THE FIVE SENSES OR
MEASUREMENTS TO COLLECT
INFORMATION. PRESENT TENSE.
1 USING MEASUREMENTS TO MAKE
1 OBSERVSATIONS.
1 INSTRUMENT THAT MEASURES MASS
2 IN GRAMS.
1 INSTRUMENT THAT MEASURES
3 LIQUIDS IN ML.
1 FORECASTING WHAT YOU THINK
4 WILL HAPPEN IN THE FUTURE.
FUTURE TENSE.
1 USING THE FIVE SENSES TO MAKE
5 OBSERVATIONS.
1 THE QUESTIONS THAT CAN BE
8 INVESTIGATED IN A SCIENTIFIC
INVESTIGATION.
1 MEASUREMENT FOR TEMPERATURE
9