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teachers in classroom teaching thru a lecture on the necessary useful speaking skills commonly used in class. I- NECESSARY SKILLS 1. Organization 2. Maintaining consistency 3. Making a good synthesis 4. Summarizing the whole class lecture II- APPLICATION 1. Impromptu Speech THE LECTURE PROCCESS ORGANIZATION (PRIOR TO THE CLASS PROPER) -must express clear ideas *Class Motivation-start with a clear delivery of what you want your students to catch. Avoid using “flowery words” Korean students in general lack the ability to read between the lines. A. How? 1. For speaking classes, read the questions ahead and understand the task being asked, make sure you as the teacher understood what the questions are asking the students to do. Avoid thinking what you’re doing is a routinely task that does not need a prior review. 2. For VAGUE questions, it’s easier for our students to understand if we’d take the effort on rewording key words in the questions in the simple form. This is not an easy task as it seems, chances are we might change the question’s point or we might take it only on our pure understanding. 3. Before finalizing what you will say in class, take time to sit for a while and ponder in mind how will you start the class right. Always foresee students Korean students are not that well exposed to English, so do not presume they would always understand you when you speak to them at first. Ready relevant supporting ideas to your lecture (ideally 3) 4. Always arrange your ideas from the most to least important, bear in mind the time given us, 50 minutes is not much time. Take note of the lessons we need to deliver in each term, taking much time on one single topic is not advisable.
Although we need to deliver a quality lecture it must go with the quantity too. ESL-learning gives our students not ample time to learn. Teachers’ task is to deliver English knowledge as much as we can the best we could. MAINTAINING CONSISTENCY -As for the motivation, we’re acquainted to always establish a good rapport with the students. True enough, but this should come also with establishing the topic already at once. Remember again the time. It’s not wrong to ask our students “How’s your day today?” or “Good morning/afternoon, how have you been?” But try to picture yourself doing and saying this to your students from the morning till the afternoon everyday Monday to Friday. The point is ESL-learning is a new era form of learning; therefore it should go with transformation of the way we’re used to. Instead of the normal greeting our students, try to hit them with questions related to the topic that day. A. How? 1. Introduce your topic in not more than 3 sentences, make it short and sweet. Bear in mind the motivation should ideally last for only 5 minutes or else you won’t be able to get to your main lecture topic. a. For the READING COMPREHENSION classes, you may use the pictures in the book, or find other related pictures conveying the idea you want your students to pick up. The use of experiences may also work at times, but you should consider, there are some students who wish to keep their personal experiences private, meeting these students would make it harder to deliver the class lesson. A good way to answer this situation is write “simple words” related to the topic on the board, and then draw the students to speak on those words. Do not use words that would require them to use their dictionary this is more irritating to students who does not want to share. 2. When explaining the lesson proper for BG. GROUP it very helpful to draw a diagram on the board while you’re discussing. Then after your finish go over the diagram and let them follow your hand as your reiterate your point of discussion. Use simple and short syllabic words in the diagram. a. BEFORE EXPLAINING -Select a point of your topic that is easily supported
-Organize the flow of your lecture in your mind -Make sure you have enough reasons when students asked for more explanations b. WHILE EXPLAINING -Make a clear statement of your topic -State clear and short reasons for your topic, students still have deficiency in listening to English. Speaking in long complex sentences only creates a rigid learning condition to the students. TEACHERS! We’re not here to show how excellent speakers we are here to guide students and make them competent in English. -Use concrete examples, like pictures, situations, etc. In doing this let’s be selective and considerate, Koreans are conservative people. Do not use offensive pictures that in our culture are openly acceptable, it may not be for them. -Use transitions or signal words when explaining. Signal words help the student to easily follow what we say in class. It’s best to also give them a copy of the simple yet useful transitions during the first day of the term. MAKING A GOOD SYNTHESIS -To make our students understand the discussion in class and be able to draw responses from them must always be our main goal. At the same time we’re trying to help students recognize the speaker’s attitude and tone when they hear people talking. Let’s make them understand English speaking should come with the proper tone and attitude of the speaker. We can only do this if we their teachers are doing so. A. How? 1. Read the lesson and take down notes of key words you can use when you’re already giving your lecture in class. We have been taught that an efficient lecturer or speaker speaks without looking into his or her prepared speech. Well this is not true in the case of teaching Koreans. The concept of an efficient teacher in Korea is a teacher who brings a lot of materials in class, such as notes to confer to when he she is lecturing. You might find this odd, but it’s true try to observe your students eyes when you’re speaking and you seemed lost their eyes would be directed to your books. It is not a shame to prepare and note where you can look into when you have forgotten your next word. Even professors of todays’ use cue cards in class.
2. To synthesize the lesson do not do away with the main characters in the lesson, when you want to cite added examples use the same characters, it would be easier to the students to follow you. SUMMARIZING THE WHOLE CLASS LECTURE -The main purpose of summing-up the class is to leave the students a great impression of the topic making them remember the lessons longer. We don’t expect students to remember all, but for them to appreciate the class is to give an EXCELLENT SUMMARY of the topic. The rationales why we need to give the most effort in this part is Korean students are very much attracted to learn English when they get to like their teachers. One way to make your students like you is not to show off your speaking ability in the manner we know here in the Philippines. Impress your students by making them understand you and making them catch up with you. A. How? 1. Paraphrase key points of your lecture, support your summary with one example. 2. Use transitions signaling you’re already summarizing the class. Once you’re done and there’s still time left, give the students a preview of the next lesson. You might find this odd, as you observe students they have a very short memory retention of the English language especially on the latter part of the class, so to be able to finish all your lesson in 45 minutes time if you can leaving you and the students to talk about the next lesson although they might not be any more interested will make you daily lesson well done, at the same time, the next day when you ask them about the next lesson they might as well something from what they can remember of the very short 5 minutes preview the day before!
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