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Course Code: MCM-447
Instructor Name: Mr. Mir Ahmad Feroz. University of Gujrat.
(SAARC)South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is an organization of South Asian nations, which was established on 8 December 1985 when the government of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka formally adopted its charter providing for the promotion of economic and social progress, cultural development within the South Asia region and also for friendship and co-operation with other developing countries. It is dedicated to economic, technological, social, and cultural development emphasizing collective self-reliance. Its seven founding members are Sri Lanka, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Afghanistan joined the organization in 2007. Meetings of heads of state are usually scheduled annually; meetings of foreign secretaries, twice annually. It is headquartered in Kathmandu, Nepal.
The first concrete proposal for establishing a framework for regional co-operation in South Asia was made by the late president of Bangladesh, Ziaur Rahman, on 2 May 1980. Prior to this, the idea of regional co-operation in South Asia was discussed in at least three conferences: the Asian Relations Conference in New Delhi in April 1947, the Baguio Conference in the Philippines in May 1950, and the Colombo Powers Conference in April 1954. In the late 1970s, SAARC nations agreed upon the creation of a trade bloc consisting of South Asian countries. The idea of regional co-operation in South Asia was again mooted in May 1980. The foreign ministers of the seven countries met for the first time in Colombo in April 1981. The Committee of the Whole, which met in Colombo in August 1985, identified five broad areas for regional co-operation. New areas of co-operation were added in the following years. It was having 7 members Afghanistan joined in as the 8th member in year 2007.
Desirous of promoting peace, stability, amity and progress in the region through strict adherence to the principles of the UNITED NATIONS CHARTER and NON-ALIGNMENT, particularly respect for the principles of sovereign equality, territorial integrity, national independence, nonuse of force and non-interference in the internal affairs of other States and peaceful settlement of all disputes. Conscious that in an increasingly interdependent world, the objectives of peace, freedom, social justice and economic prosperity are best achieved in the SOUTH ASIAN region by fostering mutual understanding, good neighbourly relations and meaningful co-operation among the Member States which are bound by ties of history and culture.
To promote active collaboration and mutual assistance in the economic. To strengthen co-operation among themselves in international forums on matters of common interest. political equality and independence of all members states Non-interference in the internal matters is one of its objectives Cooperation for mutual benefit All decisions to be taken unanimously and need a quorum of all eight members All bilateral issues to be kept aside and only multilateral (involving many countries) issues to be discussed without being prejudiced by bilateral issues Afghanistan was added to the regional grouping on April 2007. and made a formal request for .Aware of the common problems. Convinced that regional co-operation among the countries of SOUTH ASIA is mutually beneficial. social and technical co-operation among the countries of SOUTH ASIA would contribute significantly to national and collective self-reliance. To promote and strengthen selective self-reliance among the countries of South Asia. desirable and necessary for promoting the welfare and improving the quality of life of the peoples of the region. the total numbers of member states were raised to eight. the United States of America and South Korea made formal requests to be granted observer status. and To co-operate with international and regional organizations with similar aims and purposes. social. cultural. To accelerate economic growth. In April 2006. technical and scientific fields. understanding and appreciation of one another's problems. The European Union has also indicated interest in being given observer status. social progress and cultural development in the region and to provide all individuals the opportunity to live in dignity and to realize their full potential . To contribute to mutual trust. To maintain peace in the region Principles The principles are as follows Respect for sovereignty. Recognising that increased co-operation. with the addition of Afghanistan. Reaffirming their determination to promote such co-operation within an institutional framework Objectives (9) The objectives and the aims of the Association as defined in the Charter are: To promote the welfare of the people of South Asia and to improve their quality of life. Recalling the DECLARATION signed by their Foreign Ministers in NEW DELHI on 2 August 1983 and noting the progress achieved in regional co-operation. interests and aspirations of the peoples of SOUTH ASIA and the need for joint action and enhanced co-operation within their respective political and economic systems and cultural traditions. territorial integrity. To strengthen co-operation with other developing countries. Convinced further that economic. contacts and exchanges among the countries of the region will contribute to the promotion of friendship and understanding among their peoples.
Kathmandu SAARC Documentation Centre (SDC). Bhutan SAARC Forestry Centre (SFC). and also an appropriate number of functional units called Divisions assigned to Directors on deputation from Member States. On 2 August 2006 the foreign ministers of the SAARC countries agreed in principle to grant observer status to the US. Pakistan SAARC Disaster Management Centre (SDMC). The SAARC Secretariat and Member States observe 8 December as the SAARC Charter Day1 Regional Centers The SAARC Secretariat is supported by following Regional Centers established in Member States to promote regional co-operation. Bhutan . SAARC Agricultural Centre (SAC). prepares for and services meetings. Followed shortly by the entrance of Mauritius. South Korea and the European Union. and serves as a channel of communication between the Association and its Member States as well as other regional organisations. Secretariat The SAARC Secretariat was established in Kathmandu on 16 January 1987 and was inaugurated by Late King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah of Nepal. Myanmar has expressed interest in upgrading its status from an observer to a full member of SAARC. On 4 March 2008. Dhaka SAARC Tuberculosis Centre (STC). structure and administration of the SAARC Secretariat as well as the powers of the Secretary-General. New Delhi SAARC Human Resources Development Centre (SHRDC). SAARC Secretary-General and the Ministry of Foreign/External Affairs of the Host Government. It is headed by the Secretary General appointed by the Council of Ministers from Member Countries in an alphabetical order for a three-year term.the same to the SAARC Council of Ministers meeting in July 2006. Maldives SAARC Information Centre (SIC). Islamabad SAARC Coastal Zone Management Centre (SCZMC).The Secretariat coordinates and monitors implementation of activities. Iran requested observer status. He is assisted by the Professional and the General Service Staff. The Director of the Centre acts as Member Secretary to the Governing Board which reports to the Programming Committee. Nepal SAARC Energy Centre (SEC). India SAARC Development Fund (SDF). These Centers are managed by Governing Boards comprising representatives from all the Member States. Dhaka SAARC Meteorological Research Centre (SMRC). India contains various clauses concerning the role. In several recent meetings the heads of state or government of member states of SAARC have taken some important decisions and bold initiatives to strengthen the organization and to widen and deepen regional co-operation. while Russia is interested in becoming an observer. The Memorandum of Understanding on the establishment of the Secretariat which was signed by Foreign Ministers of member countries on 17 November 1986 at Bangalore.
extreme emphasis was laid upon greater co-operation between the SAARC members to fight terrorism. This shows how. 18–19 December 1995) agreed on the need to strive for the realization of SAFTA and to this end an Inter-Governmental Expert Group (IGEG) was set up in 1996 to identify the necessary steps for progressing to a free trade area. SAARC also has about 17 recognized bodies. SAARC Chamber of Commerce & Industry (SCCI).. While awarding the European Union with the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize. Sri Lanka Apex and Recognized Bodies SAARC has six Apex Bodies. Foundation of SAARC Writers and Literature (FOSWAL) Hemant Batra is the current incumbent Secretary General of SAARCLAW. Under this agreement. namely. Political dialogue is often conducted on the margins of SAARC meetings which have refrained from interfering in the internal matters of its member states. decided that certain categories of dignitaries should be entitled to a Special Travel document. The Tenth SAARC Summit (Colombo. The SAFTA Agreement was signed on 6 January 2004 during Twelfth SAARC Summit held in Islamabad. During the 12th and 13th SAARC summits. taking into consideration the asymmetries in development within the region and bearing in mind the need to fix realistic and achievable targets. South Asian Federation of Accountants (SAFA)." Southern Asia can become unified just as Europe has become unified as the European Union. through well-aimed efforts and by building up mutual confidence. SAARC members will bring their duties down to 20 per cent by 2009. 29–31 July 1998) decided to set up a Committee of Experts (COE) to draft a comprehensive treaty framework for creating a free trade area within the region. The leaders at the Fourth Summit (Islamabad. South Asia Initiative to End Violence Against Children (SAIEVAC). South Asia Foundation (SAF). SAARCLAW (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation in Law). The Agreement entered into force on 1 January 2006. SAARC Cultural Centre (SCC). South Asian Free Trade Area SAFTA was envisaged primarily as the first step towards the transition to a South Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA) leading subsequently towards a Customs Union.today war between Germany and France is unthinkable. 29–31 December 1988). Following the Agreement coming into force the SAFTA Ministerial Council (SMC) has been established comprising the Commerce Ministers of the Member States. which would exempt them from visas within the . while realizing the importance of having people to people contacts. among the peoples of SAARC countries. the Norwegian Nobel Committee stated that ".. In 1995. historical enemies can become close partners. SAARC Visa Exemption Scheme The SAARC Visa Exemption Scheme was launched in 1992. Common Market and Economic Union. and the Trade Liberalization Programme commenced from 1 July 2006. Political issues The dispute over Kashmir’s accession to India has been standing in the way of the lasting peace and prosperity of the Indian subcontinent. the Sixteenth session of the Council of Ministers (New Delhi. Pakistan.
which include Dignitaries. Mushfiqul Alam (Bangladesh) 2002: Outstanding contribution to protect the Environment – Dr. Parliamentarians. The award is based on specific themes which apply to each year. Currently the list included 24 categories of entitled persons. Journalists. SAARC Award The Twelfth Summit (Islamabad. Judges of higher courts. the Council of Ministers regularly kept under review the list of entitled categories. The SAARC Award comprises a gold medal. and To honor any other outstanding contributions and achievements. The Visa Stickers are issued by the respective Member States to the entitled categories of that particular country. As directed by the Summit. The recipients who receive this award are ones who have dedicated their lives to their individual causes to improve situations in their own countries as well as paving a path for the SAARC region to follow. January 2004) approved the institution of the SAARC Award to honor and encourage outstanding individuals and organizations within the region. poverty alleviation. The implementation is reviewed regularly by the Immigration Authorities of SAAR Member States. of individuals and organizations in the region.000. Since institution of SAARC Award in 2004. Businessmen. environment protection and regional co-operation making the SAARC Award the most prestigious Award in the region. The award is notable due to the recognition it gives to the Award winner in the SAARC region. it has been awarded only once and the Award was posthumously conferred upon Late President Ziaur Rahman of Bangladesh. The validity of the Visa Sticker is generally for one year. Najmul Hasnain Shah (Pakistan) 2001: Creative Photography: South Asian Diversity – Mr. Sportsmen etc. The main objectives of the SAARC Award are: To encourage individuals and organizations based in South Asia to undertake programmes and activities complementing the efforts of SAARC To encourage individuals and organizations in South Asia contributing to the improvement of the conditions of women and children To honor outstanding contributions and achievements of individuals and organizations within the region in the fields of peace. development. Previous Winners: 1997: Outstanding Social Service in Community Welfare – Mr. The award recognizes and promotes the commitment and talent of the youth who give back to the world at large through various initiatives such as Inventions. The Committee for the SAARC Youth Award selects the best candidate based on his/her merits and their decision is final. Senior Officials. Protection of the Environment and Disaster relief. Masil Khan (Pakistan) . not covered above. a letter of citation and cash prize of US $ 25. Sukur Salek (Bangladesh) 1998: New Inventions and Shanu – Dr.region. Md. SAARC Youth Award The SAARC Youth Award is awarded to outstanding individuals from the SAARC region.
2003: Invention in the Field of Traditional Medicine – Mr. V. Syed Zafar Abbas Naqvi (Pakistan) 2008: Protecting the Environment in South Asia – Ms. Ajij Prasad Poudyal (Nepal) 2006: Promotion of Tourism in South Asia – Mr. Narasimha Rao Maumoon Abdul Gayoom Chandrika Kumaratunga Sher Bahadur Deuba Zafarullah Khan Jamali Khaleda Zia 10th 29–31 July 1998 11th 4–6 January 2002 12th 2–6 January 2004 13th 12–13 November 2005 . Hassan Sher (Pakistan) 2004: Outstanding contribution to raising awareness for TB and/or HIV/AIDS – Mr. Ravikant Singh (India) 2010: Outstanding contribution for the Protection of Environment and mitigation of Climate Change – Ms. Uswatta Liyanage Deepani Jayantha (Sri Lanka) 2009: Outstanding contribution to humanitarian works in the aftermath of Natural Disasters – Dr. Anoka Primrose Abeyrathne (Sri Lanka) SAARC Summits No 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th Date 7–8 December 1985 16–17 November 1986 2–4 November 1987 29–31 December 1988 21–23 November 1990 21 December 1991 10–11 April 1993 2–4 May 1995 12–14 May 1997 Country Bangladesh India Nepal Pakistan Maldives Sri Lanka Bangladesh India Maldives Sri Lanka Nepal Pakistan Bangladesh Host Dhaka Bangalore Kathmandu Islamabad Malé Colombo Dhaka New Delhi Malé Colombo Kathmandu Islamabad Dhaka Host leader Ataur Rahman Khan Rajiv Gandhi Marich Man Singh Shrestha Benazir Bhutto Maumoon Abdul Gayoom Ranasinghe Premadasa Khaleda Zia P.
SlideShare. Retrieved From WikiPedia.com . Retrieved from http://www.org/ 3.org 2.14th 3–4 April 2007 India New Delhi Manmohan Singh 15th 1–3 August 2008 Sri Lanka Colombo Mahinda Rajapaksa 16th 28–29 April 2010 17th 10–11 November 2011 18th 2013 Bhutan Maldives Nepal Thimphu Addu Kathmandu Jigme Thinley Mohammed Nasheed Khil Raj Regmi References 1.saarc-sec.
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