Abate Subside or moderate Aberrant Deviant; abnormal Abeyance Held in suspended action Abscond Depart secretly and hide

Abstemious Sparing in eating or drinking Admonish Warn; reprove Adulterate make impure by addition of inferior or tainted substances Aesthetic Artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful Aggregate Gather; accumulate Alacrity Cheerful promptness; eagerness Alleviate Relieve Ambiguous Unclear or doubtful in meaning Ambivalence State of having two opposing or conflicting emotions Ameliorate Improve

Anachronism Something or someone misplaced in time Analogous Comparable Anarchy Absence of a governing body; state of disorder Anomalous Irregular abnormal Antipathy Dislike; aversion Apathy Lack of caring; indifference Appease Soothe; pacify Apprise Inform Approbation Approval Appropriate Acquire; take possession of for one's own use Arduous Hard; strenuous Artless Without guile; open and honest Ascetic Practicing self-denial; austere Assiduous

Diligent Assuage Ease or lessen; soothe; satisfy Attenuate Weaken; make thin Audacious Daring; bold Austere Forbiddingly stern; severely simple and unornamented Autonomous Self-governing Aver State confidently Banal Trite; commonplace; hackneyed; unoriginal Belie Contradict; give a false impression Beneficient Kindly; doing good Bolster Support; reinforce Bombastic Pompous; using inflated language Boorish Rude; insensitive Burgeon Grow forth; send out buds Buttress

Support; prop up Cacophonous Discordant; not in harmony Capricious Upredicatable; fickle Castigation Punishment; severe criticism Caustic Burning; sarcastically biting Chicanery Trickery; deception Coagulate Clot; congeal; thicken Coda Conclusion to a musical or literary piece Cogent Convincing Commensurate Equal in extent Compendium Brief and comprehensive summary Complaisant Trying to please; obliging Compliant yielding; conforming to requirements Conciliatory Reconciling; soothing Condone Approve; overlook; forgive; excuse

Confound Confuse; puzzle Connoisseur person competent to act as a judge of art, etc; lover of an art Contention Thesis; claim Contentious Quarrelsome Contrite Penitent Conundrum Riddle; difficult problem Converge Approach; tend to meet; come together Convoluted Coiled around; intricate; involved Craven Cowardly Daunt Frighten; intimidate Decorum Propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners Default Failure to act Deference Courteous regard for others wishes Delineate

Sketch; portray; depict Denigrate Blacken Deride Ridicule; make fun of Derivative Unoriginal; obtained from another source Desultory Aimless; haphazard; digressing at random Deterrant Something that discourages; hindrance Diatribe Bitter scolding; invective Dichotomy Split; separate into two branches, often conflicting Diffidence Shyness Diffuse Wordy; rambling; spread out Digression Wandering away from the subject Dirge Lament with music Disabuse Correct a false impression; undeceive Discerning Mentally quick and observant; having insight

Discordant Not harmonious; conflicting Discredit Destroy confidence in; disbelieve; defame Discrepancy Lack of consistency; difference Discrete Separate; unconnected Disingenuous Not naive; sophisticated Disinterested Unprejudiced Dismiss Reject; eliminate from consideration Disparage Belittle Disparate Unrelated; basically different Dissemble Pretend; disguise Disseminate Spread; distribute; scatter Dissolution Disintegration; looseness of morals Dissonance Discord; opposite of harmony Distend Enlarge; swell; expand

Distill Purify; refine; concentrate Diverge Vary; go in different directions from the same point Divest Strip; deprive Document Provide written evidence Dogmatic Doctrinal; arbitrary; opinionated Dormant Asleep; latent; lethargic Dupe Someone easily fooled Ebullient Showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm Eclectic Selective; obtained from disparate sources Efficacy The power to produce desired results Effrontery Shameless boldness Elegy Song or poem expression lamentation Elicit Draw out by discussion Emebellish Adorn; ornament; enhance

Empirical based on experience Emulate Mimic; rival Endemic Prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country Enervate Weaken Engender Cause; produce Enhance Increase; improve Equanimity Calmness of temperament; composure Equivocate Lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth Erudite Learned; scholarly Esoteric Hard to understand; known only to a chosen few Eulogy Expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death Euphemism A mild expression in place of an unpleasant one Exacerbate Embitter; worsen

Exculpate Clear from blame Exigency Urgent situation Extrapolation Projection; conjecture Facetious Joking (inappropriately); humorous Facilitate Make easy; help bring about Fallacious False; misleading Fatuous Foolish; inane Fawning Courting favour by cringing and flattering Felicitous Apt; well chosen; suitably expressed Fervor Glowing ardor; intensity of feeling Flag Droop; grow feeble Fledgling Inexperienced Flout Reject; mock Foment Stir up; instigate

Forestall Prevent by taking action in advance Frugality Economy; thrift Futile Useless; ineffectual Gainsay Deny; contradict or oppose; declare to be untrue Garrulous Talkative; wordy; loquacious Goad Urge on Gouge Overcharge Grandiloquent Pompous; using inflated language; bombastic Gregarious Sociable Guileless Without deceit Gullible Easily deceived Harangue Long, passionate and vehement speech Homogeneous Of the same kind Hyperbole Exaggeration; overstatement

Iconoclastic Attacking cherished traditions Idolatry Idol worship; excessive admiration Immutable Unchangeable Impair Injure; hurt Impassive Imperturbable; without feeling; stoic Impede Block; hinder Imperturbable Calm; placid Impervious Impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed Implacable Not able to be placated Implicit Meant but not said Implode Burst inwards Inadvertently Unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly Inchoate Recently begun; rudimentary; elementary Incongruity

Absurdity; not in harmony Inconsequential Insignificant; unimportant Inconsequential Insignificant; unimportant Incorporate Introduce something into a larger whole; combine; unite Indeterminate Uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite Indigence Poverty Indolent Lazy Inert Lacking the power to move; inactive Ingenuous Naive and trusting; young; not sophisticated Inherent Firmly established by nature or habit Innocuous Harmless Insensible Unconscious; unresponsive Insinuate Imply; hint; creep in Insipid Flavourless; bland

Insularity Narrow-mindedness; isolation Intractable Unruly; stubborn; unyeilding Intransigence Refusal to come to a compromise; stubborness Inundate Teach Inured Accustomed; hardened Invective Abuse Irascible Irritable; easily angered Irresolute Uncertain how to act; weak Itinerary Travel schedule Laconic Brief and to the point Lassitude Weariness; languor Latent Potential but undeveloped; dormant; hidden Laud Praise; applaud Lethargic Drowsy; dull

Levee Stone or earthen embankment built to prevent flooding Levity Lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity Log Record of flight or voyage; written record of day to day activities Loquacious Talkative Lucid Clear; easily understood; intelligible Luminous Shining; giving off light Magnanimity Generosity Malingerer One who feigns sickness to escape from duty Malleable Able to be shaped by pounding; impressionable Maverick Rebel; non-conformist Mendacious Lying; habitually dishonest Metamorphosis Change of form Meticulous Very careful; Painstakingly scrupulous

Misanthrope One who hates mankind Mitigate Moderate; appease Mollify Soothe Morose Ill-humoured; sullen; melancholy Mundane Everyday; worldy as opposed to spiritual Negate Nullify; cancel out; deny Neophyte Beginner; recent convert Obdurate Stubborn Obsequious Slavishly attentive; servile; sycophantic Obviate Make unnecessary; get rid of Occlude Hinder; block Officious Meddlesome Onerous Burdunsome Opprobrium Infamy; villification

Oscillate Pendulum-like movement; waver Ostentatious Pretenious; showy; trying to attract attention Paragon Model of perfection Partisan One-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party Pathological Pertaining to disease Paucity Scarcity Pedantic Bookish; showing off learning Penchant Inclination; liking Penury Severe poverty Perennial Long lasting Perfidious Treacherous; disloyal Perfucntory Superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care or enthusiasm Permeable Allowing gases or liquids to pass through; penetrable; porous Pervasive

Spread throughout Phlegmatic Calm; not easily disturbed Piety Devoutness; reverence for God Placate Pacify; soothe Plasticity Able to be molded Platitude Trite expression; commonplace statement Plethora Excess; overabundance Plummet Fall sharply Porous Full of pores Pragmatic Practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with practical worth or impact of something Preamble Introductory statement Precarious Uncertain; risky Precipitate (ADJ) Hasty; rash; premature; sudden Precursor Forerunner Presumptous

Arrogant; taking liberties Prevaricate Lie Pristine Primordial; primitive; charactersitic of older times; unspoiled Probity Incorruptibility; uprightness Problematic Doubtful; perplexing; questionable; unsettled Prodigal Wasteful; reckless with money Profound Deep; complete Prohibitive Tending to prevent the use or purchase of something; inclined to forbid or prevent Proliferate Grow rapidly; multiply; spread Propensity Natural inclination Propitiate Appease Propriety Fitness; correct conduct Proscribe Ostracise; banish; outlaw Pungent Stinging; sharp in taste or smell;

caustic Qualified Limited; restricted Quibble Minor objection or complaint Quiescent At rest; dormant; temporarily inactive Rarefied Make less dense Recalcitrant Obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly Recant Disavow or disclaim; retract a previous statement; openly confess error Recluse Hermit; loner Recondite Abstruse; secret; profound Refractory Stubborn; unmanageable Refute Disprove Relegate Banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign Reproach Express disapproval or disappointment Reprobate Person hardened in sin; devoid or a

sense of decency Repudiate Disavow or Disown Rescind Cancel Resolution Determination Resolve Determination; firmness of purpose Reticent Reserved; uncommunicative Reverent Respectful; worshipful Sage Person known for his wisdom Salubrious Healthful Sanction Approve; ratify Satiate Satisfy fully Saturate Soak thoroughly Savor Enjoy; having a distinctive flavour, smell or quality Secrete Hide away or cache; produce and release a substance into an organism Shard

Fragment, usually of pottery Skeptic Doubter; person who suspends judgement about something until having examined all evidence Solicitous Worried; concerned Soporific Sleep causing; marked by sleepiness Specious Seemingly reasonable but false; misleading Spectrum Band of colour produced when light is passed through a prism Sporadic Irregular Stigma Token of disgrace; brand Stint (n) Supply; alloted amount; assigned portion of work Stint (v) Be thrifty; set limits Stipulate Make express conditions; specify Stolid Dull; impassive Striated

Marked with parallel bands; grooved Strut (n) Supporting bar Strut (n) Pompous walk Subpoena Writ summoning a witness to appear Subside Settle down; descend; grow quiet Substantiate Establish by evidence; verify; support Supersede Cause to be set aside; replace; make obsolete Supposition Hypothesis; surmise Tacit Understood but not put into words Tangential Digressing; peripheral; only slightly connected Tenuous Slim; thin; rare Tirade Extended scolding; harangue; denunciation Torpor Lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy Tortuous Winding; full of curves Tractable

Docile; easily managed Transgression Violation of the law; sin Trucluence Aggressiveness; ferocity Vacillate Waver; fluctuate Venerate Revere Veracious Truthful Verbose Wordy Viable Practical or workable; capable of maintaining life Viscous Sticky; gluey Vituperative Scolding; abusive Volatile Explosive; changeable; unstable; evaporating rapidly Warranted Justified; authorised Wary Very cautious Welter Turmoil; bewildering jumble

Whimsical Capricious; fanciful Zealot Fanatic; person showing excessive zeal

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