# CIRCUIT DIAGRAM FOR NEGATIVE AND ZERO SEQUENCE IMPEDANCE OF ALTERNATORS

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4. 2.EXP. DETERMINATION OF ZERO SEQUENCE REACTANCE (Z0): Z0=3. NO: DATE : MEASUREMENTS OF NEGATIVE SEQUENCE AND ZERO SEQUENCE IMPEDANCE OF ALTERNATORS AIM: To determine zero and negative phase sequence reactance of an alternator.10A (0-3000 RPM) 1 1 1 As required FORMULA: 1.NO 1. APPARATUS REQUIRED: S. 6. Z2= √ Where. DETERMINATION OF NEGATIVE SEQUENCE IMPEDANCE (Z2): 1. (0-5A) 300V.V/I Where. Z2 is negative sequence impedance Mean current I mean= (Imax + Imin)/2 Mean voltage Vmean= (Vmax + Vmin)/2 2. V is zero sequence voltage I is zero sequence current . 5. Name of the apparatus Voltmeter Ammeter Ammeter Wattmeter Tachometer Connecting wires Range (0-300V) (0-2A) Type MI MC MI UPF Digital Quantity 1 1 3.

No ZERO SEQUENCE Voltage (Volts) ZERO SEQUENCE Current (Amps) Z0 (Ω) .TABULATION : NEGATIVE SEQUENCE IMPEDANCE: S.NO MAXIMUM VOLTAGE Vmax (VOLTS) MINIMUM VOLTAGE Vmin (VOLTS) MAXIMUM CURRENT Imax (AMPS) MINIMUM CURRENT Imin (AMPS) MEAN VOLTAGE Vmean (VOLTS) MEAN CURRENT Imean (AMPS) Z2 (Ω) ZERO SEQUENCE IMPEDANCE: S.

The field rheostat of the DC motor is kept at minimum resistance position. Alternator must be at standstill position. The field winding of the armature is kept open.PROCEDURE: 1. The autotransformer is kept at minimum position. 4. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram. 5. 8. The autotransformer is kept at minimum position. 2. 4. 2. 3. The minimum and maximum deflections on the meters for various values of voltage are noted down. The DC motor is started with the help of three point starter. Reduced voltage is applied to the armature of the alternator with the help of autotransformer such that some current flows in the armature. 7. The DC motor is adjusted to run at the synchronous speed of the Alternator with the help of field rheostat.The field winding of the alternator is opened. With the help of autotransformer reduced voltage is applied and the meter readings are noted for various values of voltage. DETERMINATION OF NEGATIVE SEQUENCE REACTANCE (X2): 1. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram. 3. DETERMINATION OF ZERO SEQUENCE REACTANCE (X0): 1. 5. . Ammeter and voltmeter needles start to oscillate. 2. 6.

MODEL CALCULATION: .

RESULT: Thus the negative and zero sequence impedance of the alternator were determined. .