Index

Alston, W., 40
Ambiguity, situational, 329n 73
Analysis, 101- 107
depth of , 105
Aristotle, 237, 238
Assertion, 94- 96
Augustine, 23, 87
Austin, J., 40, 41

BakerandHacker
, 331
, Ro, 341n21
Bambrough
Barwise
, J., 342n23
Bealer
, G., 343n42
"
Theories
~" 8
Begriffsschrift
, G., 250
Berkeley
Bloomfield
, L., 252, 253
Bloomfieldian
, 188, 190
linguistics
Bloomfieldian
revolution,252
, S., 276, 277, 278, 279, 280
Bromberger
Brouwer
, L. E. J., 270
Burge,T., 19, 91, 224, 225, 226, 227,
228, 229, 230, 231
Canfield,J. V., 31, 32
, R., 10, 11, 14, 32, 56, 67, 158,
Carnap
176, 177, 210, 307, 308, 316
, N., vii, ix, x, 16, 17, 18, SO
,
Chomsky
51, 52, 56, 59, 64, 97, 122, 123,
168, 169, 183, 190, 252, 253, 260,
261, 270, 275, 276, 318, 347n39
, 252-254
conceptualism
, 261
necessity
argumentagainst
asrationalist
, 318-319
and " top-down" approach
, 50-52
an revolution, 190-191,252
Chomsky
Church, A., 206
, 281-282
Cognitivism
, 83
Compositionality

Concepts
" broad," 121
" narrow " 121
,
vs. conceptions, 243- 244
Conceptualism, 250- 251
Danto, A., 236
Davidson, D., x, 19, 203, 204, 205, 206,
207, 208, 209
and Mates's problem, 205- 207
Definition
and essential/inessentialproperties,
114- 115
lexical, 244
substitution criteria, 189
theoretical, 189- 192, 242, 244
Democriteantradition in linguistics and
logic, 54- 56
Descartes
,6
Dewey, J., 10
Donnellan, K., 128, 143, 216, 217
'
Drury, M. Q C., 333n 1
Dummett, M., 270, 271
on theoriesof meaning, 84- 86
Ellipsis, 52- 66, 79
directionality, 75- 80
and theoreticalinferencein
semantics, 52- 66
and underlying syntacticstructure,
52- 66
Empiricism, and rationalism, 319
Epistemology, naturalized, 298- 307
Erdmann, 8" 253, 254
Ethics, 281- 290
autonomy of , 283, 349n 59
Evans, G., 213, 214, 215
Exactness
, 115- 121

27. 177." 109-113 Goedel . 219.239 . 264. 87. 41. 55. 304.98 Leibniz. 159. S. 285.303 on rule following . 37. 320 Kripke. 254 LinguisticRealism Linguistics foundationsof.161 Intuitionism . 213. 205. 295. J. 12. 239. 255. 306. 89.. 40. T. notationalcompleteness of. P.. and empiricism. 110. 301. 284. A. G. 10. 6. 29-30 -relativity. 50 Ys. 349n59 Johnston. S. 152-153 Fodor. H.239 Quinean and Aristotelian. 102. 308 Feyerabend - Field. 250. 235. 168 Meaning (seealsoSense) common-sensenotion of. 239. 102. 292. 165. 315. 4750 typenotionof. 212. 22.. 293 intensionalism of.. 237. H. 115. C.345n 11 .272 ultra-intuitionism .. 294 Ideal logical language. 302. T. 42. 318 on induction. 288 Nativism. xi. 329. 337n 10 Kant. 206. 10..174 ' Kripke s dilemma. N" x. E. 86. 6. vii. 10 Nagel. 267.. 254 Lewis.. 301. 6. ix. 344. A. 190 and use. 173. 205 McDowell. 176. 164. M. 125. 115. 348n48 HumeD . 159. 128. relation to natural language. 155.100. 280. 161. B. 308 Language creativity . 165. 236. 280. 143. 70. 242. 167. 281.of.. 240. 97. 268 limitsof. 317. 30 postulates(semanticalrules). Po. speech . 238 Moore. 215 McGinn.161 ethical. 98 of. 176. 198 Goldfarb . 214. 177. 109.271 Jackson. 164. 284. 107. 293 criticisms of . 319 epistemologicalproblem for.157 philosophical. 55.56 Idealization in linguistics. i. 44.239. 291. 99. 178.. 122.. vii . 305. 317 inversion of the conditional. 211. 198. 155. 12. 168 Goodman .. 254. 70. 240. 286. 217 Lewis. 304-307 Grice. 318.113 Family resemblance .. E. 300 and necessarytruth . 66. 235.290 vs. 253. 160.330n 73 Meaninglessness . 172. G. 241. 164. J. 48. 270. 10. W. 213 . 250 Hornstein . G. introspection. 2. 165. I. 163.. 244.126 in science. Go. J" 17 Folksemantics .320 Kuhn.. 269 Megasentences Meinong.281 and empiricism.. 43 Multiply self-embeddedsentences Nagel.. 160. vii.. 143. 144. F. 238. 260. E..44 . T. 270 Hobbes .242. W. D. 300. 308-311 Framework andanalytic/synthetic(language / theory) distinction. 23. 291 Husserl . H" 250 Fit. 270. Frege 24.. 124. I . N. 36. 147 Hardy.ix. 175. 159 Heyting. 325n10 " Game . C. 238. 160. 241. 280.319 Naturalism.. 254.290 and justification. 3. 319 Mates. 207.354 Index .. 125. 238 Mill . T. 46. 156. 163.256 ethical. 71.265 Intuition . 116. 37.. 171.. 125. 310-311 . 1 Lipps. 125-126. expressive completeness 330n79 vs. 1. 45.

155. 56. and syntactic structure. 213. 12. 102 Putnam. 212. G. 11. 238. 249.82. 191... 40. 212. x. 180. 2. 182.346n 18 Peirce. 67. 344n 1 type-token argument against. 176. 186. 303.174 " Plus " 172. 81. H. 104.130 and analysis. 316 Searle. literal/nonliteral.. 27. 143. 201. 146 (RLS). 135. M. 64. 248. x..82 and limits of language. 340n39. 91 literal/non-literal. 209.122 and scepticism. 61 Fregeanview. 291. 349n 59 and decompositionalrepresentation.73 linguistic/extralinguistic distinction for.61 Semanticessentialism. 142. 216 Naturalistic fallacy. 197. 276. 224. 66. 60. 223. 53 Possible-worlds semantics. 191. 207. 141. 257. 334n7 properties and relations. 6. 296. 316. 192 . 343n36 mathematicalrealism. 30 and indexicality.216 Postal. C.. scientific progress. W. A. 19. intensionalist. 338n 17 . 219. 117 simplicity and complexity in ..260 Proto-theory. 81. 198. 120 Semanticrules. extensionalistvs. 337n11. viii. 304 (RLR). 67.239 Strawsonon. D.177. 102. 243. 257260 Problemof open-endedness. 223. 184.143 and " top-down" approach.137.158 Semanticstructure. 329n68 proto-theory.174 and senselessness . 345. 70. 45. 183. 145-146. 306. 299. 41. 192. 295. 189..125 Occam.249. 247. 39. P. 309. 310. 193. 60. B. linguistic. semanticexplanation. 301. 285. 355 237.. 28. 66.213 Semanticdescription. 196. P. W. 200.58 and meaningfulness. vs. 342n 23 Philosophicalprogress. 285 Russell . 295. 172. 222. H. 218. 195. 232. 255--256 Quine. 39 Semanticrepresentation. 24. 141 realist version of. 284 Problemof delimitation. 116. 244. 61. vii. 71. 315..173 . 188. 118. 15. 144. 55.320 Normativity.. 181. 121.249. 304 . 309. 56. 142. 226. 159 Ramanujan . 261. 237. 33.46 theoreticalinferencein . 219. 245. 334n7 Reichenbach . 150 and proto-theory. 96.. 300. 250-251 Reference . 310. J. 296. 216. 57. 17 Pragmatics.281 new notion defined. 122.107 autonomy of .172.103. 305. 216.143 Semanticfacts. 166. 90. 71. 238. 145 Ross .66 and logic. 250 Ontological commitment. 252. 239. V. 44. 62 analyticity. 190. 271. J. 248. 10 Santayana Schlick. 314. 203.179. 245 Nominalism. 87. 199. 304 Perry. 10.119 Semanticrestrictions. 225. 255.. 294.176.. 250 Non-naturalism.117 on names. 145. 129. 10. H. 221. 14. 10. 217.. 308. 122 Ramsey Realism .65. 13. 102.72. 60 vs. 22.61 Semantics decompositionaltheory of. S. 294 Salmon. F. 220. 202. Port RoyalGrammar. 157. 318.93 Prichard.31. 241.66 theoreticaldefinition in .192 Sense(seealsoMeaning) common-sensenotion of.317 Platonism. 185.Index scientific. 210.

238.. 195. 270. 6. 39.147. 39 pragmaticcorrelation. viii . 158. 156. 14. 135. 4. 262 Whitehead. 65. 303. A. 309. 232. SO . 81. 52.184 and Quinean physicalism.190 Synthetica priori knowledge. 24.96 and reference. B. 126. 135. 68. 65 expressionalvs. 169. 2 Williams. B. 40.143 and connotation. 285.100 Sigwart. 130. 198. 82.) antonymy. determination. 47. 308. 109. 144. 127.93 weak principle. 142. 94.62 superordination and subordination. 299. 136.. 254 Situation semantics. 26. 187. 184.. 142. 338n 17 and semanticevidence. 125. P. 90. 2. 39. 128. 76.44 pragmaticprinciples. 87. 41. 100. 245. nonexpressional. kinds of . 99. 2%. 45.. 271 . F. 61. 39. 65 synonymy vs. 41.93. Wittgenstein 7. 3. 58 Theory " " down . W. 12. C. 46 non-literal. SO 88. J. IS. 34.90.184 and bilingualism. 71. 116. 69. 90. 48. 44. F. 180. Top approach. 342n 23 Socrates. 131.53. 315. 140. 112. 97. 62. 82.356 Index Sense(cont. 27. 271. 36. 40.. 285. 154 . 31. 49. 36. 10 Wundt. 114.. N. 340n39 Quinean (radical). S.111 vs. 89. 138. 86. 66. 37. 36. 10. 155. 154 literal. 9. 276. 96. 110.. 325n 10 mediation vs. 137. 72. 113. 13. 314 Strawson. ISO . 295. 172. 108..247 " " . 6.93 Sentences . 316 Woodbridge. A. 57. 107. 194 Type/token distinction. 146. 33 and use. " bottom-up" approach.. I . philosophical/metaobject . 110.317 Tarski. 95. 156. 52. situational. 151. 124.. 239. 312. 141. 144. 153.44. lIS . 101..41 Humpty -Dumptyan. 304 Stroud.145. 175.119 synonymy. vii.149 and mention. ISO Translation actual (radical). 351n 23 Substitution criteria. informational equivalence. 254 Yessenin-Volpin. 118. 163. 83. 125. 154. 102. 165. 148. 253.290 . Ill . II . 329n73 Vagueness " Veil of " ignorance argument. 40. A.202 indeterminacy " " pressingfrom below. 136. 48 Theories. 33. to. 86. 93. 160. 152. 139. 143. 159. 180. 253. 74. 176.280 Use.196 of . 38. 164. 149. 67. 8. 147.