Alternatively referred to as the net or the web, the Internet was initially developed by the IPTO with the intention of helping to develop the progress of computing technology by linking the work being done by all the best academic computer centers. The Internet as we know it today first started being developed in the late 1960's and transmitted its first message on Friday, October 29, 1969. In 1993, the Internet experienced one of its largest growths to date and today is accessible by people everywhere in the world. The Internet utilizes the TCP/IP protocol and is accessed using a computer modem or network that is connected through an ISP. The Internet contains billions of web pages created by people and companies from around the world, making it a limitless location to locate information and entertainment. The Internet also has thousands of services that help make life more convenient. For example, many financial institutions offer online banking that enables a user to manage and view their account online. In the picture to the right, is a representation and map of the Internet done by The Opte Project.

 The Internet basics
     The Internet is explored, which is more commonly referred to as surfing, using a computer browser. Finding information on the Internet is achieved by using a search engine. Users browse web pages by following hyperlinks. Files, pictures, songs, and video can be shared by uploading and downloading. The Internet is also used for communicating with others through social networks, forums, chat, e-mails, and IM.



Ethernet is the most widely-installed local area network ( LAN) technology. Specified in a standard, IEEE 802.3, Ethernet was originally developed by Xerox from an earlier specification called Alohanet (for the Palo Alto Research Center Aloha network) and then developed further by Xerox, DEC, and Intel. An Ethernet LAN typically uses coaxial cable or special grades of twisted pair wires. Ethernet is also used in wireless LANs. The most commonly installed Ethernet systems are called 10BASE-T and provide transmission speeds up to 10 Mbps. Devices are connected to the cable and compete for access using a Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD ) protocol.



Short for Uniform Resource Locator, a URL or Internet address is a form of URI and is a standardized naming convention for addressing documents accessible over the Internet or Intranet. An example of a URL is http://www.computerhope.com, which is the URL for the Computer Hope web site. Below is additional information about each of the sections of the http URL. Ex.