FIRST SEMESTER, 2009 Campus: City

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES Essential Biology: From Genomes to Organisms
(Time Allowed: TWO hours) INSTRUCTIONS Multiple Choice Questions: Multiple Choice Questions: • Use the Teleform Sheet. • Use pencils only. Shade the rectangle completely. • Do not cross out mistakes. ERASE them completely. • Complete family name, first name, initial and ID Number. Do not complete your stream. Fill spaces from left to right. • Your code is 22675327. Check this is correct on your teleform. • Failure to enter the version code or other details correctly will mean your MCQ cannot be marked.

Short Answers: Exam Format:

• • •

Print your name and I.D. at the top of EVERY ANSWER PAGE Record your answers in spaces provided. All questions must be attempted. (Total marks = 100) ALL QUESTIONS MUST BE ATTEMPTED.

Multiple Choice Questions: Section A: Evolution Section B: Biochemistry Short Answers: Section C: Section D: Evolution Biochemistry

20 marks 25 marks 30 marks 25 marks

Turn in the teleform answer sheet and short answer sheets (Sections C & D) Retain your Multiple Choice question pages (sections A & B)

VERSION 22675327

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(20 marks) (Recommended time 20 minutes)

Choose the CORRECT answer from the alternatives provided.

Question 1: Question 2: Question 3: Question 4:

Catastrophism, meaning the regular occurrence of mass extinctions, was Cuvier’s attempt to explain the existence of 1.  natural selection. 2.  the fossil record. 3.  uniformitarianism. 4.  the origin of new species. 5.  evolution. To evolutionary biologists, atavistic characters are direct evidence of: 1.  intelligent design 2.  teleology 3.  convergence 4.  essentialism 5.  phylogeny Which of the following statements are consistent with the punctuated equilibrium interpretation of speciation? 1.  Populations in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium change across geological era. 2.  There is an equilibrium between living and extinct species. 3.  Long periods of minor change are interrupted by short bursts of significant change. 4.  Evolution proceeds at a slow, steady pace. 5.  Large populations evolve more quickly than small ones. One finds that organisms on islands are different from, but closely related to, similar forms found on the nearest continent. This is taken as evidence that:1.  Darwin visited these islands. 2.  common environments are inhabited by the same organisms. 3.  island forms and mainland forms share the same gene pool. 4.  the island forms and mainland forms are converging. 5.  island forms and mainland forms descended from common ancestors.


  5.  kingdom. B. 5. family. C. class.  4.  phylum. A D. family.  a suppressed immune system. A new selective pressure occurs. Today. kingdom.  3. class. C.                                     C. class. species. B. 3.  directional selection. 3. What must have happened following the initial colonization event to account for the current pattern of biogeography? 1. A. C B. order. CONTINUED .  a recessive refuge. genus. kingdom.  2. A The correct sequence from the most to the least comprehensive of the taxonomic levels listed here is 1. and genus. Question 6: Question 7: 1. order. C. and species. and species. 2.  an historical bottleneck. The Galapagos archipelago appeared about 2 million years ago. C.  4. phylum. A. 4.  gene flow. D. B and C.3 - BIOSCI 101 Question 5: Given a population that contains genetic variation. order. and genus. kingdom.  family.VERSION 22675327 .  B. D B.  phylum.  A:  B: C:  D:  cladogenesis anagenesis allopatric speciation adaptive radiation Question 8: A and D. A. and D. genus. species. what is the correct sequence of the following events. phylum. 4. under the influence of natural selection? Differential reproduction occurs.                                      B.                                      A. Allele frequencies within the population change. 2. B. order. C. family. several islands in the archipelago contain unique species of finches. and species. when submerged volcanoes (seamounts) rose above the ocean’s surface. family. order.  5. The reduced resistance of cheetahs to disease is considered to be the result of: 1. phylum. A. Adaptation occurs in some character. C D. A and C. D. class. genus.  2.  3.  kingdom. 5. class. and D.                                       D. A single hypothetical colonization event introduced a species of finch to one island in the distant past.

  haploid 2.  Hypotheses usually are relatively narrow in scope.  an order 2.  0. 3.  inbred. 5.  0.  a phylum 3. Whales have diverged extensively from the other artiodactyls (even toed ungulates such as the cow and pig) in adapting to a fully aquatic life.  a paraphyly 5.  ecological isolation 4. hypotheses are usually falsified by tests.  Theories are hypotheses that have been proven true.64 4.  afflicted with the disorder caused by the allele. Which of the following must occur during a period of geographic isolation in order for two sibling species to remain genetically distinct following their geographic reunion in the same home range? 1. In this population the expected fraction of homozygous individuals among the newborn is: 1.  0.  Hypotheses are guesses. 5.20 in some populations.  prezygotic barriers 5.  Hypotheses and theories are essentially the same thing. We refer to a group that has achieved such a novel evolutionary transition as 1. 4.  heterozygous for the allele.  reproductive isolation The frequency of the sickle cell allele among African-Americans is as high as 0.80 3. theories have broad explanatory power.  postzygotic barriers 2.4 - BIOSCI 101 Question 9: Question 10: Question 11: Question 12: Question 13: Most copies of harmful recessive alleles in a population are carried by individuals that are 1.  0.VERSION 22675327 .  0. 4.  a taxon 4.  a grade CONTINUED . theories are correct answers.20 Which of the following statements best distinguishes hypotheses from theories in science? 1.40 5.04 2. 3.  homozygous for the allele.  Theories are proved true in all cases.  temporal isolation 3. 2.

  relative fitness.  dolphins have a promiscuous mating system. 2.  ecotypes.  prezygotic isolating mechanisms are poorly developed in dolphins. stronger beak as the drought persisted.  Each bird developed a deeper.  Each bird evolved a deeper.  The frequency of the strong-beak alleles increased in each bird as the drought persisted. even when the species are sympatric.  Each bird that survived the drought produced only offspring with deeper. 3.  monogamy 3. sometimes producing viable hybrid offspring. This is an example of: 1.VERSION 22675327 .5 - BIOSCI 101 Question 14: Question 15: Question 16: Elaborate secondary sexual characteristics or mating displays in males are likely to evolve in species with which mating systems? 1. 5. 3.  polygamy 4. 5. however.  blind dating Some distinctly related species of dolphins will interbreed in captivity.  dolphins in captivity are confused. 2. stronger beaks than seen in the previous generation.  Each bird’s survival was strongly influenced by the depth and strength of its beak as the drought persisted.  postzygotic isolating mechanisms are poorly developed in dolphins. Which statement about the beak size of finches on the island of Daphne Major during prolonged drought is true? 1. 5.  polyandry 5.  hybrids have higher fitness than non-hybrids. The two distinct populations of killer whales along the coast of British Colombia.  a bottleneck. each with different prey specialisation (meat eating or fish eating) are thought to be reproductively isolated by their cultural traditions.  a cline. 4. Hybrids are. 4.  genetic drift.  promiscuity 2. stronger beak as the drought persisted. 4. 2. This suggests that: 1. 3. Question 17: CONTINUED . seldom observed in the wild.

  the reshuffling of alleles in sexual reproduction.  I.100 4.  environmental effects.VERSION 22675327 . except for identical twins.  5. 4.  0.6 - BIOSCI 101 Question 18: Question 19: Question 20: In a hypothetical population of 1. tests of blood-type genes show that 160 have the genotype AA.  0. Which of the following statements about species. 2. and 360 have the genotype BB. II. Biological species are defined by reproductive isolation.001 No two people are genetically identical. 5. as defined by the biological species concept. What is the frequency of the B allele? 1.  genetic drift due to the small size of the population.  0. The chief cause of genetic variation among human individuals is: 1. Biological species are the model used for grouping extinct forms of life. 3.002 5.  2.  4. The biological species is the largest unit of populations in which successful reproduction is possible.  new mutations that occurred in the preceding generation.600 3.000 people. and III II and III II only I and III CONTINUED .  3. 480 have the genotype AB.  geographic variation within the population. I only I. is (are) correct? 1. II. III.  0.  0.400 2.

5.  oxidised.  It uses glucose and generates pyruvate.  They are usually highly spontaneous chemical reactions.  an oxidising agent. 5.  They do not depend on enzymes. 4. 3. 3. 4.  They consume energy to build up polymers from monomers. When a glucose molecule loses a hydrogen atom as the result of an oxidationreduction reaction.  has been oxidised as a result of a redox reaction involving the gain of an inorganic phosphate.  It shifts molecules from cytosol to mitochondrion.  has been reduced as a result of a redox reaction involving the loss of an inorganic phosphate. 2.  They release energy as they degrade polymers to monomers. 2. 2. 4.  has a decreased chemical reactivity. it is less likely to provide energy for cellular work.  has less energy than before its phosphorylation and therefore less energy for cellular work. the molecule becomes: 1. Question 21: Question 22: Question 23: Question 24: Which of the following is (are) TRUE for anabolic pathways? 1. 3. 2.  hydrogenated. Why is glycolysis described as having an investment phase and a payoff phase? 1.  reduced.  They involve endergonic reactions that break complex molecules into simpler ones. 5.  dehydrated.  It uses stored ATP and then forms a net increase in ATP. 3.  It attaches and detaches phosphate groups. the substrate: 1.7 - BIOSCI 101 SECTION B BIOCHEMISTRY MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS (25 marks) (Recommended time 25 minutes) Choose the CORRECT answer from the alternatives provided. it is primed to do cellular work.  has an increased chemical reactivity. In the substrate level phosphorylation reactions. 4.  It both splits molecules and assembles molecules.VERSION 22675327 . CONTINUED . 5.

4.  It is converted to NAD+.  NAD+ can donate electrons for use in oxidative phosphorylation. when an individual is exercising heavily and when the muscle becomes oxygen deprived. 5.  In the absence of NAD+. What happens to the lactate in skeletal muscle cells? 1.  It is taken to the liver and converted back to pyruvate. 2. CONTINUED . 3.VERSION 22675327 . 5. 2. glycolysis can still function.  NAD+ is reduced to NADH during both glycolysis and the citric acid cycle.  is not a readily reversible reaction.8 - BIOSCI 101 Question 25: Question 26: Question 27: Question 28: Question 29: Glucokinase: 1. hence.  fermentation 4.  involves the participation of an oxidation : reduction coenzyme. 3.  all of the other options are correct.  It reduces FADH2 to FAD+.  It is converted to alcohol.  oxidation of pyruvate to acetyl CoA 2.  glycolysis 3. 3. 5. 4.  catalyses a readily reversible reaction. 2.  It produces CO2 and water.  NAD+ is reduced by the action of hydrogenases. Which of the following normally occurs whether or not oxygen (O2) is present? 1. 4.  oxidative phosphorylation (chemiosmosis) Which of the following statements describes NAD+? 1.  is widely distributed and occurs in most mammalian tissues.  has a low Km for glucose and.  catalyses the conversion of ADP to ATP. 2.  citric acid cycle 5.  involves the participation of an activation-transfer coenzyme.  NAD+ has more chemical energy than NADH.  is catalysed by an enzyme belonging to the dehydrogenase family. 3. is important in the phosphorylation of glucose in the starved state. convert pyruvate to lactate. 4. Muscle cells. The conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA and CO2: 1.  catalyses the phosphorylation of glucose to form glucose 6-phosphate in liver and pancreatic tissue. 5.

VERSION 22675327 .9 - BIOSCI 101 Question 30: Question 31: Question 32: Question 33: Question 34: Starting with citrate.  4. 3 CO2. 2.  38 ATP.  3 ATP. and 12 FADH2 2. Carbon dioxide is produced during which of the following stage(s)? stage I: glycolysis stage II: oxidation of pyruvate to acetyl CoA stage III: Krebs cycle stage IV: oxidative phosphorylation (chemiosmosis) 1.  accepting electrons at the end of the electron transport chain.  3 ATP. and III stage III only stages II. 9 NADH.  2. 1 NADH.  the transmembrane proton concentration gradient 5.  to donate electrons 5. 6 CO2. 5. 3 NADH. which of the following combinations of products would result from three turns of the citric acid cycle? 1. and 1 FADH2 The oxygen consumed during cellular respiration is directly involved in: 1.  1 ATP.  2 ATP.  the addition of hydrogen to NAD+ 2. 3.  to act as oxidising agents What is proton-motive force? 1. 6 CO2. 2 CO2.  to act as reducing agents 3.  to both oxidise and reduce during electron transport 2. and 3 FADH2 3. 3 NADH.  the oxidation of pyruvate to acetyl CoA.  5. and IV stages III and IV stages II and III In metabolic processes of cell respiration and photosynthesis. and 3 FADH2 4.  3.  to transport protons within mitochondria and chloroplasts 4.  movement of hydrogen into the mitochondrion 3. What BEST describes their function? 1.  the Krebs cycle. II. and 3 FADH2 5.  movement of hydrogen into the intermembrane space 4.  glycolysis. prosthetic groups such as heme and iron-sulphur complexes are encountered. 4.  the force required to remove an electron from hydrogen CONTINUED .  stages I. 2 CO2. III.  the phosphorylation of ADP. 3 NADH.

4. Question 39: CONTINUED .  a small hydrophobic coenzyme 2. 2.  NADH In liver cells. 2. 3.  lactate. 3. What purpose must this serve? 1. 5.  glycerol.  a substrate for synthesis of FADH2 3. and about 17 times that of the cell’s plasma membrane.  electron transport 5.  an essential amino acid 4.  FADH2 4.  consists of all the reactions of glycolysis running in reverse.  a protein in the electron transport chain Which of the following couples chemiosmosis to energy storage? 1.  does not require the input of energy.  acetyl CoA. 5.  alanine. 5.  It allows for increased rate of the Cori cycle.  is the synthesis of glycogen from glucose.  a vitamin needed for efficient glycolysis 5.  It allows for increased rate of glycolysis.10 - BIOSCI 101 Question 35: Question 36: Question 37: Question 38: Which of the following describes Coenzyme Q/ubiquinone? 1. 4. Gluconeogenesis: 1. 3.  It allows for increased rate of the citric acid cycle. 4.VERSION 22675327 .  uses four different enzymes to bypass three reaction steps in glycolysis that are not reversible.  is an important mechanism to maintain blood glucose levels in the fed state.  It increases the surface for oxidative phosphoryation.  cytochromes 3.  ATP synthase 2. In gluconeogenesis glucose is NOT synthesized from: 1. 2. the inner mitochondrial membranes are about 5 times the area of the outer mitochondrial membranes.  It increases the surface for substrate-level phosphorylation.  citrate.

2.  in photosynthesising cells in dark periods and in other tissues all the time When oxygen is released as a result of photosynthesis.  the electron transfer system of photosystem II Question 41: Question 42: Question 43: CONTINUED .  in non-photosynthesising cells only 2. which is a precursor for glycogen synthesis. 3.  It can be converted into acetyl CoA which is further metabolised by the citric acid cycle. 2. it is a by-product of which of the following? 1. plant cells still use their mitochondria for oxidation of pyruvate.11 - BIOSCI 101 Question 40: Which of the following statements about glycogen is INCORRECT? 1.  chemiosmosis 3.  the electron transfer system of photosystem I 5.  Glycogen consists of glucose molecules linked together through (β1→4) glucosidic linkages.  splitting the water molecules 2.  The highest concentrations of glycogen are found in liver cells. Which statement is NOT TRUE of the possible metabolic fates of glucose 6-phosphate produced inside the cell? 1. 3.  It’s production from glucose requires the action of a kinase enzyme. 4. 5. 5.  It’s production from glucose requires the consumption of ATP.  Glycogen is formed by glycogen synthase using UDP-glucose (“activated glucose”) as a substrate. When and where will this occur? 1. Even though plants carry out photosynthesis.  It can be converted to glucose by the enzyme glucose 6-phosphatase in muscle cells and released into the bloodstream to maintain blood glucose levels.  reducing NADP+ 4.  in cells that are storing glucose only 5.VERSION 22675327 .  Glycogen is broken down in muscle cells to produce glucose 6-phosphate which is used as an energy source for muscle contraction.  Glycogen is synthesised in liver and muscle cells by the enzyme glycogen synthase.  in photosynthetic cells in the light. while photosynthesis occurs concurrently 3.  It can be converted into glucose 1-phosphate. 4.  in photosynthesising cells in the light and in other tissues in the dark 4.

Pi 3.  NAD+ QUESTION/ANSWER SHEETS FOLLOW CONTINUED .  both photosynthesis and respiration.  inorganic phosphate.  NADPH 4. 2.VERSION 22675327 .  photorespiration.  neither photosynthesis nor respiration.  photosynthesis.  Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate 5. The reactions of the Calvin cycle involve all of the following molecules EXCEPT: 1. 4.12 - BIOSCI 101 Question 44: Question 45: Synthesis of ATP by the chemiosmotic mechanism occurs during: 1. 5. 3.  ATP 2.  respiration.


.......... We can summarise Darwin’s theory in five principles................................ 46..................... We consider some of these principles to be unique to Darwin and others we attribute to historical figures that had an influence on Darwin.14 - BIOSCI 101 .............. ID NO: 46 47 . List three of these principles below and include the name of the person who influenced Darwin or whether the principle was unique to Darwin alone...... (6 marks) Principle Person marks 6 CONTINUED ................... FAMILY NAME: ..................VERSION 22675327 QUESTION/ANSWER SHEET FIRST NAME: ................... 48 49 Total FOR OFFICIAL USE SECTION C EVOLUTION SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS (30 marks) (Recommended time 30 minutes) NOTE: Answer ALL questions........

character ___________________ (c) Family #II. Within this Order are two (and only two) monophyletic Families.15 - BIOSCI 101 The cladogram below represents the phylogenetic relationships among six extant species and five ancestral species (and an outgroup). The numbered horizontal bars indicate the evolution of characters present in the taxa above the bar. (8 marks total) This cladogram represented a single Order defined by the character #6. . character ___________________ Which species has diverged the most from the ancestral species A? (1 mark) ________________________________________________________________ (d) Which species has diverged the least from the ancestral species A? (1 mark) ________________________________________________________________ (1 mark) marks (e) What species is the common ancestor of E and H? ________________________________________________________________ (1 mark) (f) What character is likely the result of Convergent Evolution? 8 ________________________________________________________________ CONTINUED . (2 marks) (b) Label the two Families (as #I and or #II) in the diagram and identify the character that defines each Family (2 marks) Family #I.VERSION 22675327 47. (a) Circle the groups of species most likely to be included in each of the two Families.

..... (b) The influenza virus exchanges genes from other viruses when it infects pigs............... (f) A non-toxic butterfly has come to resemble a toxic species when the two species are found in sympatry. ID NO: ....... ..... He also notices that the moth is reported to be active during the day........... FAMILY NAME: ....................16 - BIOSCI 101 QUESTION/ANSWER SHEET FIRST NAME: 48. (d) The most successful swiss starlings have 4 or 5 eggs.... are less successful in raising the chicks. (h) Male widowbirds with longer tail feathers attract and mate with more females than do males with shorter tail feathers.. even though males of this species provide no parental support for the offspring...... He checks the records and finds that the two species are not found in the same habitat... In the table below list the most likely force (or mechanism) resulting in the observed pattern or change to a population... (e) A museum curator notices a moth that resembles a butterfly.......... marks (g) Two cousins marry and one of their children suffers from a rare genetic disease....VERSION 22675327 ..................... (c) HIV patients treated with powerful antiretroviral drugs initially show a decline in circulating viruses but then show a rapid increase despite continued treatment with the drugs.. Force or forces of change SCENARIO (a) Genetic analysis of museum specimens reveals that Maui’s dolphins have lost diversity in mtDNA over the last century...... Those that have fewer or more eggs............ 8 CONTINUED .. chickens and humans...................

at node A or between nodes B and C). indicate the most likely time point (node) or interval (branch) for the origin of the following characters in the evolution of hominins using the labeled nodes as reference points (for example. The Phylogenetic tree above (Figure 3) represents one of the current hypotheses about the pattern and timing of human evolution and related outgroups.17 - BIOSCI 101 49. Referring to this tree. (8 marks total) (a) bipedalism __________________________________________________ (b) radiation of hominin species in Africa ____________________________ (c) the first migration of Homo out of Africa __________________________ (d) symbolic representations ______________________________________ (e) migration of modern humans from Africa _________________________ (f) extinction of Homo erectus ____________________________________ (g) What species is represented by node I? ___________________________ (h) What is the approximate date of node G?__________________________ marks 8 CONTINUED .VERSION 22675327 .

...................5 __________________________ (c) Name two electron carrying groups associated with the proteins in Complex I....... the membrane- associated complexes of the Electron Transport Chain......... _______________________________________________ 0.... 51 52 53 54 Total FOR OFFICIAL USE SECTION D BIOCHEMISTRY SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS (25 marks) (Recommended time 30 minutes) NOTE: Answer ALL questions. (5 marks total) (a) Give the full name for Complex I marks _____________________________________________________ (b) Name the electron donor which donates electrons to Complex II 0.................18 - BIOSCI 101 .......... The above figure illustrates... ID NO: 50 ....... FAMILY NAME: ...............5 CONTINUED (ii) ____________________________________________________ ................5 (i) 0...........5 0...VERSION 22675327 QUESTION/ANSWER SHEET FIRST NAME: ....................... in a highly schematic way........ Fumarate 50.

30 molecules of ATP per molecule of glucose.19 - BIOSCI 101 50.5 1 (f) Why is the ATP yield from oxidative phosphorylation. cont.5 Total marks 5 CONTINUED .VERSION 22675327 . (d) How many ATP molecules are produced by substrate level phosphorylation following the complete oxidation of one molecule of glucose to CO2 and H2O? marks ___________________________ (e) Why is the net yield of ATP molecules produced by oxidative phosphorylation following the reoxidation of 2 molecules of NADH formed in glycolysis less than the reoxidation of two molecules of NADH formed in the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate? 0. considered an estimate? 1 (g) What is the most important regulatory factor determining the rate of oxidative phosphorylation? _______________________________________________________ 0.

....5 0..............5 (ii) ___________________________________________________ Name a Glycogen Storage Disease (GSD) associated with a defect in glycogen breakdown..........5 5 CONTINUED .... 5 marks total) (a) What type of glycosidic bond links most of the glucose units in the following glucose polymers? (i) Glycogen (ii) Cellulose ___________________________ ___________________________ 0...............5 0...5 0........... Name the affected enzyme and identify the defect in glycogen metabolism.20 - BIOSCI 101 .............. ID NO: ..... marks 51.... (i) ___________________________________________________ (e) 0.VERSION 22675327 QUESTION/ANSWER SHEET FIRST NAME: ... Name the two principal mechanisms responsible for regulating the activity of Glycogen synthase..5 (iii) Defect in glycogen metabolism: _____________________________________________________ Total marks 0.............. (i) name of GSD: ___________________________ (ii) identity of enzyme with mutation: ____________________________________________________ 0.... FAMILY NAME: .5 (b) (c) Which tissue stores the greatest amount of glycogen? ___________________________ Name the first enzyme involved in the breakdown of glycogen and the products of the reaction.5 Enzyme ___________________________ Product of reaction ___________________________ (d) Glycogen metabolism is controlled by several mechanisms.. 0.5 0...........5 0.... The following questions relate to glycogen and related glucose polymers................................

5 0. what is the other major fuel used in the brain after prolonged starvation and what is the precursor for it’s synthesis? Fuel: ____________________________________________________ Precursor: _________________________________________________ Total marks 0. (i) ____________________________________________________ 0. ___________________________ Identify two kinetic properties of this enzyme that are important for its role in energy metabolism in brain cells.5 (b) ________________________________________________ (c) What metabolic pathway is responsible for maintaining blood glucose levels after prolonged starvation (more than 24 days)? __________________________________________________________ (d) Name two substrates used by this pathway to synthesize glucose.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0. (a) ________________________________________________ 0.5 (ii) ____________________________________________________ (e) Apart from glucose.5 0. marks (a) Identify the ATPase responsible for consuming approximately one third of the ATP in the brain and other tissues in a resting animal and describe it’s function. .5 5 CONTINUED .21 - BIOSCI 101 (5 marks) The following questions relate to fuel use in the brain. Name of ATPase: ___________________________________________ Function: _________________________________________________ (b) (i) (ii) ____________________________________________________ Name the enzyme responsible for trapping glucose inside brain cells as glucose 6-phosphate in the first reaction of glycolysis.5 0.VERSION 22675327 52.

.......5 0....................... The above diagram represents a tentative model for the organization of the thylakoid membrane in chloroplasts.5 0..5 0..... Identify the molecules.................... ID NO: ..........22 - BIOSCI 101 ........5 0................VERSION 22675327 QUESTION/ANSWER SHEET FIRST NAME: ...5 CONTINUED . proteins......5 0....... Enter your answers below (NOT on the diagram).... protein complexes...... FAMILY NAME: ..... metabolic pathways and/or compartments labeled A-J..... (5 marks total) A B C D E F G H I J __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ marks 0.....5 0... Total marks 5 53.5 0......5 0...........5 0......

VERSION 22675327 . and based on this information (b) comment on the relative rate of ATP production and the relationship to fueling intense physical activity of varying duration.5 Fuel Source 2: ________________________________________________ 2.23 - BIOSCI 101 54.5 Total marks 5 . For each source briefly describe: (a) how the fuel is converted into ATP. List two fuel sources for muscle contraction. (5 marks) Fuel Source 1: ________________________________________________ marks 2.