11/11/13

Bend Deduction

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Bend Deduction
Understanding the Bend Deduction and consequently the Bend Allowance of a part is a crucial first step to understanding how sheet metal parts are fabricated. When the sheet metal is put through the process of bending the metal around the bend is deformed and stretched. As this happens you gain a small amount of total length in your part. Likewise when you are trying to develop a flat pattern you will have to make a deduction from your desired part size to get the correct flat size. The Bend Deduction is defined as the material you will have to remove from the total length of your flanges in order to arrive at the flat pattern. The flange lengths are always measured to the apex of the bend. In our example below a part with flange lengths of 2” and 3” with an inside radius of .250” at 90° will have a total length of 5”. When we calculate the Bend Deduction we find that it equals .293”. In order to develop the flat pattern we will subtract .293” from 5” to arrive at 4.707”. As you can see the Bend Deduction and Bend Allowance are closely related below.

Bend Deduction Calculator
Below is our simple Bend Deduction Calculator, it works by inputing the Material Thickness, Bend Angle, Inside Radius and K-Factor. It simply processes these variables through the equations we will discuss below. Note that the Bend Angle is the excluded angle, not the included angle.

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the Inside Radius (IR). It is important to convert from the included angle to the complimentary angle before performing any calculations. See our post on the K-Factor for better understanding as well as charts and formulas. The inside radii are based off of a standard Air Bend Force Chart.11/11/13 Bend Deduction Bend Deduction Formula The Bend Deduction Formula takes into account the geometries of bending and the properties of your metal to determine the Bend Deduction. not by the gauge number. however if you are truly dedicated to precise bending. This property determines how the material is stretched when bending. The Material Thickness will be measured in decimal form. The Formula For Bend Deduction is rather long because it incorporates the Out Side Set Back as well as the Bend Allowance.me/bend-deduction/ 2/4 . Once you understand what these values represent you can use them to accurately and quickly develop flat patterns for your sheet metal parts. variations in the alloy and thickness as well as many other small factors all add up to give you Bend Deductions unique to your operation. Unfortunately sheet metal bending is not always going to be the same in every shop. Inside Radius and K-Factor for each thickness at the top of each column. You can easily modify the Material Thickness. The Bend Angle will be something that you determine based on what the complimentary angle of your part is going to be. The largest variations come from the materials themselves. and the K-Factor (K). If you have your Out Side Set Back (OSSB) and Bend Allowance (BA) then the Bend Deduction Formula is shortened considerably. This chart will get you close enough for most applications and may not require fine tuning on your part. Finally the K-Factor is a property of the material which you are bending. For information on how the Inside Radius is determined see our post on the Air Bend Force Chart. You will need to know your Material Thickness (MT). Many software packages like Solid Works. sheetmetal. the Bend Angle (B<). The below Microsoft Excel chart is for even numbered gauges 8 through 24 and has a default K-Factor of .33 for each. Creating a chart with your standard values is a key component of speeding up this process. Bend Deduction Chart Because Bend Deduction is often confused with Bend Allowance it is important to understand which value you intend on working with. Protective coatings. download the excel sheet and begin plugging in your own values. For more information on gauges and their decimal equivalents and tolerances view our Gauge Chart page. Inventor and Solid Edge will let you incorporate a Bend Deduction Chart into its calculations when developing flat patterns. The Inside Radius will be the finished radius of the included angle.

0132 0.1116 0.0394 0.11/11/13 Bend Deduction Sheet Metal Bend Deduction Chart (PDF) Sheet Metal Bend Deduction Chart (Excel) BEND DEDUCTION 8 Gauge K factor MT 0.1265 0.4895 0.0300 0.8404 1.0348 0.0619 0.0595 0.1606 0.0414 0.3927 0.0668 0.1763 0.0618 0.3430 0.163 0.0957 2.4765 0.1265 0.0669 Deduction 0.0852 0.33 IR 20 Gauge K factor MT 0.2329 0.0321 0.2276 0.0508 0.0134 0.5952 Deduction 0.0086 0.0182 0.2229 0.0967 0.2739 0.1731 0.0145 0.1078 0.0556 0.0274 0.1370 0.0159 0.0257 0.1254 0.2012 0.0072 0.0243 0.1453 0.0987 0.0292 0.0275 0.3568 0.1281 0.1948 0.030 0.0745 0.0522 0.1020 0.060 0.2379 0.0403 0.3060 0.0205 0.2100 0.4525 0.3394 0.3774 0.33 IR 14 Gauge K factor MT 0.1285 0.0187 0.0560 0.0626 0.0325 0.0761 0.0753 0.0552 0.7154 0.1909 0.0309 0.0116 0.0179 0.0312 0.3693 Deduction 0.3338 0.1420 0.0125 0.0325 0.6425 0.0583 0.0158 0.0231 0.0768 0.1675 0.0420 0.1107 0.0181 0.105 0.3975 0.1124 0.5224 0.0441 0.0017 1.1250 0.0717 0.0493 0.0509 0.0155 0.me/bend-deduction/ 3/4 .6352 0.1462 0.3322 0.0166 0.2409 0.0043 0.2079 0.5188 0.0441 0.1354 0.1205 0.0471 0.066 0.8074 0.1668 0.1817 0.0064 0.0106 0.0297 0.020 Angle 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 Deduction 0.0718 0.5975 0.2697 0.0218 0.2005 0.0937 0.0240 0.0742 0.0035 0.2588 0.0873 0.5610 0.0633 0.3039 0.0042 0.0718 0.0667 0.33 IR 24 Gauge K factor MT 0.0458 0.0394 0.33 IR 12 Gauge K factor MT 0.0472 0.3025 0.3007 0.0440 0.048 0.8587 1.0253 0.2293 0.0396 0.0676 0.2928 0.0853 0.0380 0.0933 0.1680 0.6540 Deduction 0.0228 0.1772 0.0056 0.0872 0.0215 0.8504 1.164 0.8116 1.0470 0.0965 0.8052 Deduction 0.1103 0.33 IR 0.4255 0.0276 0.024 0.4181 Deduction 0.0646 0.0836 0.2056 0.0185 0.5598 0.0258 1.6086 0.0133 0.2523 0.0351 0.4067 1.0609 0.6822 2.036 0.9502 1.3509 0.1061 0.105 0.1460 0.5148 0.0073 0.2918 0.0818 0.2942 0.1128 0.2546 0.4293 0.5621 0.1705 0.0089 0.0107 0.0243 0.1809 1.1287 Deduction 0.4516 0.0263 0.33 IR 10 Gauge K factor MT 0.0504 0.0057 0.0111 0.33 IR 22 Gauge K factor MT 0.3477 0.0991 0.0053 0.0071 0.0867 0.6800 0.2308 0.2191 0.0400 0.0334 0.092 0.075 0.1309 1.0148 0.0876 0.3961 0.0086 0.0819 0.0347 0.0692 0.1269 0.4075 0.1106 0.0496 0.0213 0.7003 2.2581 0.0233 0.1179 0.0189 0.0088 0.33 IR 16 Gauge K factor MT 0.1439 0.1931 0.020 0.020 0.3205 sheetmetal.1462 0.1467 0.0594 0.4696 0.2020 0.6921 0.0145 0.0028 0.0026 1.0123 0.118 0.6705 0.2644 0.2643 0.33 IR 18 Gauge K factor MT 0.1853 0.0375 0.2620 1.0544 0.1548 0.0973 0.0109 0.0091 0.0529 0.0776 0.0193 0.135 0.0284 0.0391 0.3658 1.0341 0.2701 Deduction 0.7407 0.1557 0.210 0.0186 0.0985 0.1634 0.

5864 0.4973 4.me/bend-deduction/ 4/4 .9836 3.11/11/13 Bend Deduction 160 165 170 3.8030 3.6718 1.4825 0.5450 0.4094 1.7212 1.0621 1.4927 2.9331 6.6757 2.3575 0.4199 0.0983 2.6336 1.1369 1.2020 2.1827 0.7486 2.Me 2011.9106 7.9413 4.0515 0. sheetmetal.3557 3.7572 1.9203 SheetMetal.