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Bend Deduction

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Bend Deduction
Understanding the Bend Deduction and consequently the Bend Allowance of a part is a crucial first step to understanding how sheet metal parts are fabricated. When the sheet metal is put through the process of bending the metal around the bend is deformed and stretched. As this happens you gain a small amount of total length in your part. Likewise when you are trying to develop a flat pattern you will have to make a deduction from your desired part size to get the correct flat size. The Bend Deduction is defined as the material you will have to remove from the total length of your flanges in order to arrive at the flat pattern. The flange lengths are always measured to the apex of the bend. In our example below a part with flange lengths of 2” and 3” with an inside radius of .250” at 90° will have a total length of 5”. When we calculate the Bend Deduction we find that it equals .293”. In order to develop the flat pattern we will subtract .293” from 5” to arrive at 4.707”. As you can see the Bend Deduction and Bend Allowance are closely related below.

Bend Deduction Calculator
Below is our simple Bend Deduction Calculator, it works by inputing the Material Thickness, Bend Angle, Inside Radius and K-Factor. It simply processes these variables through the equations we will discuss below. Note that the Bend Angle is the excluded angle, not the included angle.

sheetmetal.me/bend-deduction/

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