ELEMENT 2 The purpose and importance of a health and safety policy The role of the health and safety

policy in decision-making: The health and safety policy of an organization is an important document that sets out the organization’s aims with regards to health and safety, who is responsible for achieving these aims and how the aims are to be achieved. What are the aims of Health and safety policy? 1. Legal compliance 2. Meeting the requirement of management system standards 3. Clear communication 4. Continuous improvement What are the three key elements of health and safety policy? A policy is presenting in three sections: 1.General statement of intent 2. Organization 3. Arrangements

General Statement of intent: This states the organization philosophy in relation to management of health and safety. Organization: This section indicates the chain of commands for health and safety management identifies roles Arrangements: This section outlines the arrangements that exist for effective management of health & safety Note: there is no one correct format or set of content for health and safety policy. Key features and content of a health and safety policy: 1.General statement of intent 2.Organization 3.Arrangement General statement of intent The statement of intent will usually recognize that manager and workers at all levels within the organization have a part to play in implementing policy and also state that every person must comply with the policy and that negligence of policy may be treated as disciplinary offence. The general statement of intend should signed by the person in charge of overall organization like CEO, MD. The statement should also be dated. This indicates when current statement was prepared. Objectives: -Meeting legal obligations

-Provision of a safe workplace, safe equipment and safe system of work, Information, training and supervision -Risk assessment of all relevant workplace activities -Performance monitoring -Provision of adequate resources such as expert health and safety advise -Effective communication and consultation with workers. Targets: The statement of intent may also set target for the organization to achieve. Possible targetsmight be related to: -Accident rates -Active monitoring Organization: It outlines the chain of command for health and safety management and identifies the roles and responsibilities of staff. It is standard practice for this section to include an organization chart showing the lines of responsibility and accountability. This chart also show the lines of communication and the feedback routes that exist within the organization.

This section reflects the management hierarchy of organization and allocates responsibilities of CEO or Managing Director Is responsible and accountable for the entire organization Management at All Level Is responsible for ensuring all safety measure are in place and being carried out effectively. All employees Are responsible for acting safely at site Competent Persons Who have operational duties but are also considered competent to carryout one ore more healthand safety duties like first aiders and fire marshals etc. Specialist health and safety practitioners: Responsible for providing advice to support management and employees to achieving safety General health and safety management Arrangements: The section deal with general arrangements in policy that exist to manage health and safety General health and safety management arrangements: 1. Carrying out risk assessments 2. Identifying and supplying health and safety information instructions and training. 3. Compliance monitoring including auditing 4. Accident and near miss reporting, recording and investigation 5. Consultation with workers on safety matters 6. Developing safe system of work and permit to work system 7. Emergency procedures and first aid provision.

Reviewing Policy: Circumstances, which might require a review of policy: Policy should be review regularly so it remains current and relevant. However there are some circumstances which could give rise to reviews: 1. Changes to key personnel e.g. new CEO or MD. 2. Changes to the management structure of the organization 3. A management take over 4. Changes to the type of work that the organization does. 5. Recommended by safety audit.6. Requested by a third party such as insurance company or client