With the end of the Cold War and the advent of globalization, the operating environment of International Organizations

has changed, creating a ‘sense of legitimacy deficit’. Additionally, the conflicting views on legitimacy caused by the differences in the approaches from the main traditions of political and social philosophy and in realism and institutionalism have resulted in different interpretations of the concept of legitimacy. This book aims to undertake an examination in order to understand the present state of International Organizations with regards to legitimacy whilst avoiding the biasness caused by the differing theoretical and philosophical approaches. Therefore, it has chosen to utilize contributions from scholars from various disciplinary fields including political philosophy, law, political science and environmental studies in order to create a more balanced picture.

To create a more balanced picture, the book looks at three sections. The first section, titled, Theoretical and structural issues, looks at the theoretical issues regarding international organizations. This includes the role of democratic principles and constitutionalism in global governance, and the relationship between the use of force and the evolution of international organizations. The focus of the book is then transferred to the second section, Current Issues: The changing environment of international organizations, which focuses on the change in the operating environment of the international organizations, in particular, the impact of globalization and the challenges of the United Nations during the post Cold War era. The final section, Selected Contexts: International organizations in transitions, concentrates on the socio-economic context of international organizations, which includes the role of the international trade regimes as part of the international structure, the attempts to create a new international financial structure and such. With regards to the international organizations, this book only looks at a few, namely, the World Trade Organization, the Security Council and the World Bank. Additionally, due to the limitations in a review, it is not possible to examine

this section also goes into detail about the theories and the charters that make up international organizations. the review will mainly consist of giving an overview of the three sections with focuses on the more important contributions. This chapter is particularly relevant because in this chapter. which deals with current issues in international organizations. which is in chapter seven. the reader is able to understand how the international organizations functions and how it is organized and secondly. which is to understand the present state of the legitimacy in international organizations. the editors enable the reader to understand the history and formation of international organizations. Besides the background of international organizations. Junne’s ‘International Organizations in a Period of Globalization: New (Problems of) Legitimacy’. By starting the book with the section that focuses on theoretical and structural issues. This chapter also answers part of the question . Junne looks at what creates the problems of legitimacy during globalization. C. As stated in the paragraph above. These two chapters are important because they provide the some answers to the question of the book. A. chapter five. In particular. Therefore. the alternative forms of coordination that are created as a result of the process pose a threat to the legitimacy of international organizations. this sets the stage for the next section. G. This enables the reader to begin to understand that due to globalization. explores the effects of globalization on the legitimacy of international organizations.the contributions for the three sections individually. the contributions in this section focuses on the problems of legitimacy for international organizations during globalization in chapter five. This is important because firstly. and the legitimacy of involvement in internal conflicts. the second section examines the current issues of international organizations in the changing environment.

which causes the society to not fully accept the authority of international organizations as effectiveness is one way of measuring legitimacy. This section mainly builds on the knowledge gained from the previous sections by analyzing how the One of the strengths of this book is that the arrangement of the book’s chapters supports an easy flow for the readers. written by Jean-Marc Coicaud and titled International democratic culture and its sources of legitimacy: The case of collective security and peacekeeping operations in the 1990s.that is posed by the book regarding the issue of legitimacy in international organizations because this chapter includes the analysis of the concept of legitimacy and the consequence that globalization has on international organizations. to the ineffectiveness of international organizations. the rise and fall of the United Nations is chronicled with reasons that are given for the mismanagement of the peacekeeping operations. The third section’s focus is on specific international organizations and international finance and climate change. starting with the first section talking about the background and . This analysis enables the reader to gain further understanding that for international organizations. and how in a changing environment. that legitimacy could fluctuate. the legitimacy has waned slightly due in part. With regards to the aim of the book. it shows how the United Nation’s legitimacy is linked to its effectiveness in is peace keeping missions in order to keep the peace and security. In chapter seven. this chapter is relevant because in a world where the use of peacekeeping forces in conflict zones around the world is becoming more frequent. that legitimacy is not a given for international organizations. due to the process of globalization.

which was to understand the present state of international organizations with regards to legitimacy.theories that help define international organizations. the consequences of globalization. This is because the . this book does perform what it set out to do relatively well. This arrangement style fosters a greater development and building of the understanding of the problems of legitimacy in international organizations because the reader begins to understand how international organizations came into existence and the theories and charters associated with the international organizations in the first section. to name a few. I would say this because the flow between the chapters help create a sense of cohesion as the reader transitions from one section to another. I feel that the last two chapters of section two could have been placed in the third section in order to bring higher cohesion for the second section. which I feel is aided by the good flow of chapters in this book. the cohesion between the chapters in a section is especially strong as the ideas that are present in the chapters tie together particularly well. Overall. The third section consequently. and as a result. and continuing on the last section which focuses on the specific international organizations and international fields which are finance and climate change and their problems of legitimacy. builds on the understanding acquired in the first and second sections by focusing on specific examples of issues in legitimacy in international organizations and international fields Another strength of this book is the cohesion between the chapters. when looking at the book in general. In addition. to the second section which is essentially about the legitimacy issues of international organizations. However. This knowledge is then built on in the second section which identifies what problems of legitimacy are evident in international organizations during the period of globalization. the ideas that are introduced in the previous chapters are built upon in the following chapters.

due to reasons such as the decreasing of effectiveness and the inability to carry out peacekeeping missions successfully. that the legitimacy of international organizations are waning slightly. . using analysis and examples of the international organizations.book has managed to find.