A future with Clean Diesel

Diesel Systems

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Foreword

Dr. Markus Heyn, President of Diesel Systems, Robert Bosch GmbH

Dear Reader In Western Europe, diesels have long been a success story. More than 50 percent of all new passenger cars sold here are now diesels, and in many countries that proportion is over 70 percent. And for good reasons: diesel engines offer considerable savings in fuel consumption and their high torque provides a noticeably enhanced performance. This delights the driver as much as it benefits the environment. Reducing CO₂ emissions by a quarter lightens the load for all of us. You profit from the benefits of diesel even if you do not drive one yourself. Think about all the diesel vans, trucks, construction and agricultural vehicles around you. Everywhere, diesels are doing their jobs reliably and economically. At Bosch Diesel Systems, we are continuously improving diesels, making them more economical, more powerful and environmentally friendly. A diesel hybrid, for example, combines the benefits of the diesel’s reduced fuel consumption and CO₂ emissions with the advantages of electric drive. Modern exhaust-gas treatment reduces emissions to a minimum and makes diesels “clean”. On the following pages, you will find some interesting facts about diesel. As you will see, you are more involved with today’s diesel and our future with Clean Diesel than you might think.

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A future with

Will diesel save the world?

Answering this question with “yes” might perhaps be an overstatement; yet, diesel does offer solutions to problems which plague politicians, societies and economies the world over. The important questions of our day and age such as climate protection, the finite nature of fossil fuels or globalization and its consequences each raise countless challenges. Challenges which at first sight seem unconnected with diesel. But it is well worth taking a second look, as you will now see for yourself.

Clean Diesel

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The big bang created by modern compression ignition

The Common Rail System, put into serial production by Bosch in 1997, marks the moment that the modern diesel powertrain came to be as we know it today. Imagine the weight of a 2,000-kilo rhinoceros standing on your fingernail. This ought to give you a clear impression, in the truest sense of the word, of the pressure to which the system compresses the fuel before injecting it at a supersonic speed into the combustion chamber as a finely distributed spray, thus ensuring particularly clean and economical combustion combined with a maximum amount of driving fun. A future with Clean Diesel

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Tomorrow’s solutions will not prevent the CO₂ emissions of today

Protect the climate Electromobility is the way of the future. But when exactly will that future begin? The internal combustion engine will dominate for the next 20 years at least. Therefore, anyone who wants to improve our carbon footprint today can only achieve this with combustion engines, which is where diesel vehicles come into play because they emit around 25 percent less CO₂ than a comparable gasoline model. Thus, the CO₂ emissions of a diesel today are already at the same level as those of gasoline hybrids. The technology needed to achieve this is also comparatively less complex. with Clean Diesel

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Diesel 2020 ― Good to know that things are getting better all the time

That which is good can always be better. This means that the diesel vehicles of 2020 will consume around a third less fuel and emit a third less CO₂ than today. This will depend on measures such as start/stop systems and downsizing just as much as it will on lowfriction tires, lightweight construction and the reduced atmospheric resistance of the vehicles. All in all, this means that diesels will certainly be able to fall below the future limit of 100 grams of CO₂ emissions per kilometer. This corresponds to fuel consumption of less than four liters per 100 kilometers. Protect the climate with Clean Diesel

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Itʼs not a trick. Itʼs a hybrid

Efficient hybrid vehicles represent a decisive step forward on the path to electromobility. So what would make more sense than to pair an economical diesel engine with an electric motor? 2011 saw one such completely new concept from Bosch going into large-scale series production: the “Axle Split Hybrid System”. Here, the diesel drive to the front axle is supplemented by an electric drive to the rear axle. The particularly clever feature is that existing vehicle concepts can be adapted with ease, thus, avoiding the expense of integrating a completely new powertrain. Protect the climate with Clean Diesel

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Just how emission-free are electric vehicles?

Driving an electric vehicle produces no CO₂. But, to ensure a fair comparison between the various types of powertrain, it is important to know how the electricity driving the vehicle is generated because the more fossil fuel used, the heavier the total carbon footprint becomes. The table on this page shows the amount of CO₂ released during fuel refinement and electricity generation (well-to-tank) while driving (tank-to-wheel) and the overall carbon footprints of the individual types of powertrain (well-towheel) in comparison. So, with today’s electricity mix, diesels are, in fact, on the same carbon-footprint level as electric vehicles. Protect the climate with Clean Diesel

Overall carbon footprint “well-to-wheel”
Diesel* Gasoline car* Diesel hybrid** Gasoline hybrid** Electric vehicle D Electric vehicle US Electric vehicle CN Grams per km Tank-to-wheel 0 50 100 150 200

Well-to-tank

* Vehicle weight: 1,400 kg; displacement: 2 liters; engine performance: 100 kW ** Further-developed and hybridized vehicles coming onto the market in the next few years
D

Electricity mix in Germany 2011 Electricity mix in the USA 2011 Electricity mix in China 2011

US

CN

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Be honest now...

Do you still believe, as many people do, in those fairy tales of diesels being smelly, soot-spewing monsters? We can assure you that those days are long gone. Modern diesel engines of today emit only a tiny fraction of the particulate they used to. Thanks to intelligent enginedesign measures and highly efficient exhaust-gas treatment, even those noxious nitrogen oxides have been reduced to a minimum. Since the introduction of exhaust-gas legislation in Europe in 1990, emissions of nitrogen oxides and particulate have dropped by an impressive 96 and 98 percent respectively. Protect the climate with Clean Diesel

Reductions in emissions from diesel vehicles since 1990
100%
–96% fewer NOx emissions –98% fewer PM emissions NOx emissions PM emissions

75% 50% 25%

1990

2012

1990

2012

0%

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When it’s gone, it’s gone

Conserve resources Conserving our natural resources is not just a topic for the future. It is, rather, a concern of the here and now. Fossil fuels produced over millions of years can neither be regenerated nor used again. No one can seriously predict today precisely when the oil age will come to an end, nor can anyone predict if and when any new natural resources will be discovered that will allow us to postpone the inevitable. What seems certain from today’s point of view is that there will be a gradual increase in the demand for fuel in the years and decades to come; however, the available amounts will fall. Every liter of mineral oil that can be saved today should definitely be saved. with Clean Diesel

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More diesels means fewer oil imports

In Germany, every percentage point by which the relative number of diesel vehicles can be increased could save around 90 million liters of fuel. The position in the USA is even more drastic: if every third vehicle were a modern diesel, the country would be able to cancel its entire crude-oil imports from Saudi Arabia – 1.4 million barrels every day! Taking an average market price of 80 US dollars in 2010, this would have generated economic savings of around 40.8 billion dollars, a great deal of money which could have been invested in the modernization of electricity networks particularly in the USA Driving a diesel today supports the electromobility of tomorrow. Conserve resources with Clean Diesel

Sources: VDA (Automobile Industry Association), EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)

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Think ahead. Drive farther

A diesel car is generally more expensive to buy than a comparable gasoline model. All things considered, a diesel is generally more economical. No wonder, since a diesel burns about 30 percent less fuel, which gives an improved range of up to 40 percent. So those who think ahead not only drive farther, but also drive more economically. Conserve resources with Clean Diesel

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From algae to diesel

Scientists the world over are doing intensive research into sustainable raw materials for fuel production: raw materials which are neither foodstuffs nor require precious arable land on which to be grown. Algae may provide a promising solution here. Diesel fuel processed from this source can power existing diesel engines without the need for adaptation. The existing logistics and filling-station infrastructure can also be retained. Furthermore, there is potential for transforming used cooking oils and fats into diesel fuel in an environmentally compatible way. Conserve resources with Clean Diesel

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A speedy way to save

Get power with

In 2006, most motor-racing fans were surprised when the Audi team not only entered a diesel into the legendary Le Mans 24-hour race, but actually won it as well! After six more diesel victories in succession – one of which featured a Peugeot – spectators and competitors have meanwhile become used to seeing the energy of the diesel powertrain virtually sweep the board. Even the Paris–Dakar Rally has seen nothing but diesels in the lead over the past few years.

Clean Diesel

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“Daddy, when I grow up, I want to drive an excavator”

Huge, powerful machines such as the diesel engines used for mining, immense dump trucks and excavators used for highway construction, to name but a few, continue to fascinate every generation, often inspiring our children to dream about their futures. Diesel passenger cars possess similar power to that enjoyed by their big brothers but on a smaller scale. Depending on the class of vehicle, a diesel has more torque than a comparable gasoline model. Take your kids on a test drive. Afterwards maybe they will also say, “Daddy, when I grow up, I only want to drive a diesel.” Get power with Clean Diesel

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Breaking the ice

There is hardly anything that seamen fear more than pack ice, which can be a serious threat to supertankers if they fail to stop in time. How comforting to know that diesel-powered icebreakers can clear paths for passenger and cargo vessels. And while on the subject of “clearing the way”, mining vehicles do a remarkable job clearing out Australia’s ore mines. They can remove an incredible 400 tonnes of rock at a time. This is around 26 times the payload of a normal big truck. And these are but a couple of examples of the many special fields of application for which diesels – due to their enormous power and strength – are designed. Get power with Clean Diesel

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There’s no stopping us

“What would worldwide shipping be without diesel? There is a simple answer to this question: it would be quite difficult. Every day, diesel engines in ships, locomotives, and commercial vehicles of every size move billions of tons of goods of all kinds. American computers, Chinese textiles, Japanese televisions, German machinery, Brazilian coffee or Indian pepper – diesels are busy keeping our world on the move wherever you look.”
Dr. Markus Heyn, President of Diesel Systems, Robert Bosch GmbH

Get a life with Clean Diesel

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No dinner without diesel

Admittedly, this statement may seem a bit of an exaggeration to all those who grow fruit and vegetables in their own gardens, but for everyone else, it’s pretty close to reality. All over the world it is mainly diesel engines which drive the combine harvesters, the root-crop and potato diggers and the cucumber gatherers (there really are such things!) that help to bring the harvest home. And there is no need to remind you that it is diesel commercial vehicles that transport our food safely and efficiently to local supermarkets. Get a life with Clean Diesel

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Fine time for a power cut...

Our electricity networks do not always match up to what we require of them. And while our reactions to such blackouts in the private sphere can vary from annoyance to romanticism, critical situations may arise in circumstances where human lives are in acute danger. But before the lights in operating rooms go out, or the monitors in traffic-control towers and computer centers cut out, ultra-modern, diesel-powered emergency generators spring into action within fractions of a second to avoid catastrophes and where necessary provide the source of electric power in isolated areas. Get a life with Clean Diesel

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Your first diesel

We all know what it feels like to hold our breath, or to get butterflies in our stomach or when the hair rises on the back of our neck. Those very same feelings are experienced by many people when they put their foot on the accelerator of a modern diesel vehicle for the first time. Maximum torque is always there even at low engine speeds, guaranteeing dynamic and superior forward movement. And, without breaking any taboos, we can safely say that this is just good, clean fun. Fun that may be enjoyed with a totally clear conscience, thanks to the clean and economical diesel engine. Get a life with Clean Diesel

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The world needs diesel. Diesel needs you!

There are still places in the world that are suspicious of diesel. Fed by the false assumption that the electrically mobile future is just around the corner, a distorted view of reality has been created. Today’s modern, economical, clean and powerful diesels can actually do much more than many people think. There is a worldwide network of diesel technology. The relevant infrastructure is available virtually everywhere. In short, the diesel powertrain brings us all just that much closer to solving the worldwide challenges that we face today. Our future with Clean Diesel. A future with Clean Diesel

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And if you still haven’t had enough ...

At www.future-with-diesel.com, under the heading “Specials”, you will find plenty of interesting facts about Clean Diesel. These include an impressive list of diesel records as well as our exciting Diesel Quiz. In addition, there are links which will guide you to information about the systems and components offered by Bosch Diesel Systems. The QR code on the right will also take you straight there via your smartphone.

A future with Clean Diesel

Robert Bosch GmbH Diesel Systems Postfach 30 02 20 70442 Stuttgart Germany www.future-with-diesel.com diesel@bosch.com Printed in Germany 292000P0V1-C/CCA-201203-En