Sub: Mathematics

Topic : Statistics

MODULE- 13B
Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation
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1.

In an experiment, positive and negative values are equally likely to occur. The portability at most one negative value in five trials is b) c) d) 6.

a) 2.

The annual precipitation data of a city is normally distributed with mean and standard deviation are 1000mm and 200mm respectively. The probability that the annual precipitation will be more than 1200mm is a) <50% b) 50% c) 75% d) 100% There are two containers, with one containing 4 red and 3 green balls and other containing 3 blue and 4 green balls. One ball is drawn at random from each container. The probability that one of the balls is red and other is blue will be. a) b) c) d) 7.

respectively, the probability that the annual precipitation will be between 90cm and 102cm is a) 66.7% b) 20.0% c) 33.3% d) 16.7% If probability density function of a random variable X is (x) = for and 0 for any other value of x. then For probability P ( a) 0.247 c) 24.7 b) 2.47 d) 247 is

3.

4.

Two coins are simultaneously tossed. The probability of two heads simultaneously appearing is a) b) c) d)

5.

The standard normal probability function can be approximated as = Where = standard normal deviate. If mean and standard deviation of annual precipitation are 102cm and 27cm

A person on a trip has a choice between private car and public transport. The probability of using a private car and transport. The probability of using a private car is 0.45. While using the public transport, further choices available are bus and metro, out of which the probability of commuting by a bus is 0.55. In such a situation, the probability (rounded up to two decimals) of using a car, bus and metro. Respectively would be a) 0.45, 0.30 and 0.25 b) 0.45, 0.25 and 0.30 c) 0.45, 0.55 and 0.00 d) 0.45, 0.35 and 0.20 If the standard deviation of the spot speed of vehicles in a highway is 8.8Kmph and the mean speed of the vehicles is 33Kmph, the coefficient variation in speed is a) 0.1517 b) 0.1867

8.

Page 1

Sub: Mathematics

Topic : Statistics

b) c) 0.2666 9.

d) 0.3646 17. The marks obtained by students were found normally distributed with mean 75 and variance 100. The percentage of students who scored more than 75 marks is a) 25 b) 50 c) 75 d) 100 18. The variance of Poisson’s distribution with parameter =2 is a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4 19. For a Poisson’s variant x: p(x=1)=p(x=2), then the mean of x is a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4 20. In a person distribution 2P(x=1)=P(x=2), then its variant is a) 0 b) -1 c) 4 d) 2 if

If the characteristic strength of concrete is defined as the strength below which not more than 50% of the test results are expected to fall, the expression for in terms of mean strength and standard deviation S would be a) b) c) d)

10. There are 25 calculators in a box. Two of them are detective. suppose 5 calculators are randomly picked for inspection (i.e. each has the same chance of being selected), what is the probability that only one of the defective calculators will be included in the inspection a) b) c) d)

11. A box contains 10 screws, 3 of which are defective. Two screws are drawn at random with replacement. The probability that none of the two screw is defective will be a) 100% b) 50% c) 49% d) none 12. If two dice are thrown, what is the probability that at least one of them shows a number greater than 3? a) 0.75 b) 0.8 c) 0.65 d) 0.9 13. Exponential distribution f(x) is defined by f(x)= ,0<x< , then a= a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4 14. The function f(x)= ,0<x<3 is probability function, 0 otherwise then k= b) c) 1 d) 3 15. If the of x is f(x)=kx (x-1), 0 < x<1, then k= a) 2 b) 3 c) 6 d) 9 16. The relation between probability density function and cumulative density function of a random variable is a) b) c) F(x)= ∫ F(x)= ∫ F(x)= ∫

21. The probability that a pen manufactured by a company will be defective is ⁄ . If 12 such pens are manufactured, find the probability that a) Exactly two will be defective b) At least two will be defective c) Nine will be defective. A) 0.2301, 0.3412, 0.2833 B) 0.2833, 0.3412, 0.2301 C) 0.3412, 0.2301, 0.2833 D) 0.3412, 0.2833, 0.2301 22. In a sampling a large number of defectives in a sample of 20 is 2. Out of 1000 such samples, how many would be expected to contain at least 3 defective parts. a) 323 b) 320 c) 330 d) 340 23. If the probability of a bad reaction from a certain injection is 0.001. Determine the chance that 2000 individuals more than two will get a bad reaction. a) 0.32 b) 0.22 c) 0.12 d) 0.42 24. Mean of binominal distribution is a) b) c) √ d) 25. Standard deviation of binominal deviation is a) b) c) √ d)

d) F(x)= ∫

Page 2

Sub: Mathematics

Topic : Statistics

26. If x is a Poisson’s variable such that P(x=2)=9[P(x=4)]+90P(x=6) then the mean= a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4 27. If x is a binominal variant with P= for the experiment of 50 trials, then the standard deviation is a) √ b) √ c) 2 d) 4 28. The chance of throwing 7 in a single throw with two dice is a) ⁄ b) ⁄ c) ⁄ d) ⁄

a)

b) ⁄

c) ⁄

d) ⁄

34. A speaks truth in 75% of cases and B in 80% of cases. In what percentage of cases are they likely to contradict each other, narrating the same incident a) 30% b) 35% c) 40% d) 45% 35. A box contains 5 green, 4 yellow and 3 white balls. Three balls are drawn at random. What is the probability that they are not of same color. a) ⁄ b) ⁄ c) ⁄ d) ⁄

29. Two boxes contain 5 white and 7 black balls and 3 white and 9 black balls respectively. One ball is transferred to the second box and then one ball is drawn from the second box find the probability that the first ball transferred is black given that the ball drawn is black. a) ⁄ b) ⁄ c) ⁄ d) ⁄

36. A man and his wife appear in an interview for two vacancies in the same post. The probability of husband’s selection is ⁄ and the probability of wife’s selection is ⁄ . What is the probability that only one of them is selected? a) ⁄ b) ⁄ c) ⁄ d) ⁄

30. There are three similar boxes, containing (i) 6 black and 4 white balls (ii) 3 black and 7 white balls (iii) 5 black and 5 white balls respectively. If you choose one of them three boxes at random and from that particular box picks up a ball at random, and find that to be black, what is the probability that the ball picked up from the second box? a) ⁄ b) ⁄ c) ⁄ d) ⁄

37. A bag contains 6 white and 4 red balls. Three balls are drawn at random. What is the probability that one ball is red and other two are white? a) ⁄ b) ⁄ c) ⁄ d) ⁄

38. A man can hit a target once in 4 shots. If he fires 4 shots in succession what is the probability that he will hit the target? a) 1 b) c) d)

31. Three unbiased coins are tossed, what is the probability of getting at least 2 tails: a) ⁄ b) ⁄ c) ⁄ d) ⁄

39. When 4 dice are through, what is the probability that the number appears on each of them? a) ⁄ b) ⁄ d) ⁄ b) c) ⁄

32. In a box, there are 8 red, 7 blue and 6 green balls. One ball is picked up randomly. What is the probability that it is neither blue nor green? a) ⁄ b) ⁄ c) ⁄ d) ⁄

40. If x is a Poisson variant such that P(x=1)=0.3 P(x=2)=0.2 then P(x=0)= a) b) c)
⁄ ⁄

b)

⁄ ⁄

33. A box contains 20 electric bulbs, out of which 4 are defective. Two bulbs are chosen at random from this box. The probability that at least one of these is defective is