# Sub: Structural Engineering

Topic : Strength of Materials

MODULE-18B
Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, unsymmetrical bending, shear centre.

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1. A simply supported beam of uniform rectangular cross-section of width b and depth h is subjected to linear temperature gradient, 0o at the top and To at the bottom, as shown in the figure. The coefficient of linear expansion of the beam material is α. The resulting vertical deflection at the mid-span of the beam is axis. The tensile force acting on the hatched area of the cross-section is

(a) (c) 4. (a)

zero 8.9 kN

(b) 5.9 kN (d) 17.8 kN

(b) (c)

T-section of a beam is formed by gluing wooden planks as shown in the figure below. If this beam transmits a constant vertical shear force of 3000 K, the glue at any of the four joints will be subjected to a shear force (in kN per meter length) of

(d) 2. A homogeneous simply supported prismatic beam of width B, depth D and span L is subjected to a concentrated load of magnitude P. The load can be placed anywhere along the span of the beam. The maximum flexural stress developed in beam is (a) (b) (c) 3. (d)

(a) 5.

3.0 (b) 4.0 (c) 8.0 (d)

10.7

A beam with the cross-section given below is subjected to a positive bending moment (causing compression at the top)

If a beam of rectangular cross-section is subjected to a vertical shear force V, the shear force carried by the upper one-third of the cross-section is (a) zero b) (c) (d) A metal bar of length 100 mm is inserted between two rigid supports and its

6.

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Sub: Structural Engineering
temperature is increased by 10°C. If the coefficient of thermal expansion is 12 × 10-6 per °C and the young’s modulus is 2 × MPa, the stress in the bar is (a) zero (b) 12 MPa (c) 24 MPa (d) 2400 MPa 7. A rigid bar is suspended by three rods made of the same material as shown in the figure. The area and length of the central rod are 3A and L, respectively while that of the two outer rods are 2A and 2L, respectively. If a downward force of 50 kN is applied to the rigid bar, the forces in the central and each of the outer rods will be (a) 16.67 kN each (b) 30 kN and 15 kN (c)30 kN and 10 kN (d)21.4 kN and 14.3 kN The shear stress at the neutral axis in a beam of triangular section with a base of 40 mm and height 20 mm, subjected to a shear force of 3 kN is (a) 3 MPa (b) 6 MPa (c) 10 MPa (d) 20 MPa A concrete beam of rectangular crosssection of size 120 mm (width) and 200 mm (depth) is prestressed by a straight tendon to an effective force of 150 kN at an eccentricity of 20 mm (below the centroidal axis in the depth direction). The stresses at the top and bottom fibres of the section are (a) 2.5 N/mm2 (compression), 10N/mm2 (compression), 10N/mm2 (compression). (b) 10N/mm2 (tension), 2.5 N/mm2 (compression) (c) 3.75 N/mm2 (tension), 3.75 N/mm2 (compression) (d) 2.75 N/mm2 (compression), 3.75 N/mm2 (compression)

Topic : Strength of Materials
(C) both strain and stress profiles are linear (D)shear deformations are neglected 12. A symmetric I-section (with width of each flange 50 , thickness of each flange 10 , depth of web = 100 mm, and thickness of web 10 ) of steel is subjected to a shear force of 100 . Find the magnitude of the shear stress(in in the web at its junction with the top flange. 13. According to maximum shear stress failure criterion, yielding in material occurs when a) Maximum shearstress = yield stress b) Maximum shearstress=√ yield stress c) Maximum shearstress =√ yield stress d) Maximum shearstress = 2 yield stress 14. Consider the following statements: 1. If a beam has two axes of symmetry even then shear center does not coincide with the centroid. 2. For a section having one axis of symmetry, the shear center does not coincide with the centroid but lies on the axis of symmetry. 3. If a load passes through the shear centre, then there will be only bending in the cross-section and no twisting. Which of these statements are correct? a) 1,2 and 3 c) 2 and 3 b) 1 and 2 d) 1 and 3 15. Match List-I (Type and position of load on cantilever) with List-II(Shape of moment diagram for cantilever) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List –I A. Carrying linearly varying load from zero and its free end and maximum at the fixed end B. Subjected to uniformly distributed load C. Carrying concentrated load at its free end D. Whose free end is subjected to bending moment

8.

9.

10. The maximum tensile stress at the section X - X shown in the figure below is

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

11. ‘plane section remains plane’ assumption in bending theory implies: (A) strain profile is linear (B) stress profile is linear

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Sub: Structural Engineering
List –II Parabola Rectangle Cubic parabola Triangle Codes: A a) b) c) d) 3 4 3 2 B 2 3 1 4 C 1 2 4 1 D 4 1 2 3 A a) b) c) d) 4 3 6 3

Topic : Strength of Materials
B 6 3 4 4 C 1 1 2 5 D 2 5 5 1

1. 2. 3. 4.

16. A beam has a triangular cross-section, having base ‘b’ and altitude ‘h’. if a section of the beam is subjected to a shear force F, the shear stress at the level of neutral axis in the cross-section is given by a) b) b) d)

19. Assertion (A): A mild steel tension specimen has a cup and cone fracture at failure. Reason (R): Mild steel is weak in shear and failure of the specimen in shear takes place at to the direction of the applied tensile force. Codes: a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A c) A is true but R is false d) A is false but R is true 20. Assertion (A): a beam of circular crosssection in comparison to rectangular section of the same material but of equal cross-section area can resist a larger shear force. Reason(R): The maximum intensities of shear stress in the sections of a beam of circular cross-section are 1 times and 1 times the average shear stress respectively. Codes: a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A c) A is true but R is false d) A is false but R is true 21. In a strained body, the three principal stresses at a point are denoted by and such that . If denoted yield stress, then according to the maximum shear stress theory a) b) c) d) =

17. If all the dimensions of a prismatic bar of square cross-section suspended freely from the ceiling of a roof are doubled then the total elongation produced by its own weight will increase a) Eight times b) Four times c) Three times d) Two times

18. Match List-I(Given sections) with ListII(shape of the core) to ensure no tension condition and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. Rectangular B. I –section C. Hollow circular D. Square List-II 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Circle Annulus Rhombus I-section Square Rectangular

Codes:

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Sub: Structural Engineering
22. The shear centre of a section is defined as that point a) Through which the load must be applied to produce zero twisting moment on the section. b) At which the shear force is zero c) At which the shear force is maximum. d) At which the shear force is minimum.

Topic : Strength of Materials
below the lists( direct stress, shear stress, modulus of elasticity, G= Modulus of rigidity, I= area moment of inertia, v=volume ): List –I List -II A. B. C. 1. Axial Load 2. Bending Load 3. Shear load 4. Torsional load

23. Assertion (A): there is no twisting in an open section if the point of application of the load passes through its shear centre. Reason (R): shear center coincides with the centre of gravity of the open section. Codes: a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A c) A is true but R is false d) A is false but R is true.

D. ∫ Codes: A a) b) c) d) 2 1 2 1 B 3 4 4 3 C 4 3 3 4

D 1 2 1 2

24. If a shaft is simultaneously subjected to a torque T and a bending moment M, the ratio of maximum shearing stress is given by a) 2M/T b) M/T c) 2T/M d) T/M

28. A cantilever beam of T cross-section carries uniformly distributed load. Where does the maximum magnitude of the bending stress occur? a) At the top of cross-section b) At the junction of flange and web c) At the mid-depth point d) At the bottom of the section. 29. A composite system where the components are of equal lengths is subjected to temperature rise. Which one of the following stresses will be developed in the component having highest coefficient of linear expansion? a) Compressive stress b) Tensile stress c) Shear stress d) Zero stress 30. In a plane strain situation in xy plane, the displacements at a point are given as: = (-2x+8y) unit = (-3x+5y) unit What is the shearing strain? a) 9 b) 7 c) 5 d) 3 31. A symmetrical I-section is subjected to shear force. The shear stress is induced across the section is maximum at which location?

25. A mild steel bar of square cross-section 40mm is 400mm long. It is subjected to a longitudinal tensile stress of 440N/ and lateral compressive stress of 200N/ in perpendicular directions. E=2 N/ , =0.3. What is the approximate elongation of the bar in the longitudinal direction? a) 0.44mm c) 0.22mm b) 0.88mm d) 1mm 26. A point load applied at shear center induces a) Zero Shear force b) zero bending c) Pure twisting d) pure bending

27. Match list-I( strain energy) with listII(gradually applied load) and select the correct answer using the codes given