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# Sub: Structural Engineering

## Topic : Strength of Materials

MODULE-20B
Uniform Torsion _________________________________________________________________________
1. A circular solid shaft of span L = 5 m is fixed at one end and free at the other end. A twisting moment T = 100 kN-m is applied at the free end. The torsional rigidity Gj is 50000 kN-m2/rad. Following statements are made for this shaft. (I) The maximum rotation is 0.01 rad (II) The torsional strain energy is 1 kNm With reference to the above statements, which of the following applies? (a) Both statements are true (b) Statement I is true but II is false (c) Statement II is true but I is false (d) Both the statements are false 2. A circular shaft shown in the figure is subjected to torsion T at two points A and B. The torsional rigidity of portions CA and BD is GJ1 and that of portion AB is GJ2. The rotations of shaft at point A and B are and . The rotation is (a) 59 MPa and 47.2 MPa (b) 100 MPa and 80 MPa (c) 118 MPa and 160 MPa (d) 200 MPa and 160 MPa 5. The maximum shear stress in a solid shaft of circular cross-section having diameter subjected to a torque T is . If the torque is increased by four times and the diameter of the shaft is increased by two times, the maximum shear stress in the shaft will be (A) 2 (B) (C) /2 (D) /4 A hollow circular shaft has an outer diameter of 100mm and a wall thickness of 25mm. The allowable shear stress in the shaft is 125MPa. The maximum torque the shaft can transmit is (A) 46kN m (B) 24.5kN m (C) 23kN m (D) 11.5kN m

6.

(a) c) 3.

(b) (d)

7. A solid circular shaft of diameter d and length L is fixed at one end and free at the other end. A torque T is applied at the free end. The shear modulus of the material is G. The angle of twist at the free end is (A) (B) (C) (D)

8. A long shaft of diameter d is subjected to twisting moment T at its ends. The maximum normal stress acting at its crosssection is equal to (a) zero (b) (c) 4. (d) 9.

A shaft is subjected to a bending moment M and a torque T. the equivalent bending moment on the shaft is given by a) c)

b) d)

The maximum and minimum shear stresses in a hollow circular shaft of outer diameter 20 mm and thickness 2mm, subjected to a torque of 92.7 N.m will be

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## Sub: Structural Engineering

10. Assertion (A): the failure surface of a mild steel torsion specimen subject to a torque about its axis along a surface perpendicular to its axis. Reason(R): mild steel is relatively weaker in shear than in tension and the plane of Maximum shear is perpendicular to its axis. Codes: a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A c) A is true but R is false d) A is false but R is true. c)

## Topic : Strength of Materials

Pyramid type wedge-shaped surface perpendicular to the axis of the specimen. d) Helicoidal surface at to the axis of the specimen. 14. A circular shaft of diameter 30mm having shear modulus G=80GPa is subjected to moment as shown below:

What are the maximum shear stresses developed at periphery of shaft at A? a) 20.6MPa b) 15.3MPa c) 7.4MPa 11. The failure surface of a standard cast iron torsion specimen, subjected to a torque is along a) The surface helicoidal at to the axis of the specimen b) The curved surface at the grips c) The plane surface perpendicular to the axis of the specimen d) The curved surface perpendicular to the axis of the specimen. 12. For the circular shaft AB, as shown in the figure below, a torque T is applied at the section XX at C, such that b/a=1.5. The shaft is uniform in section. d) zero

15. Two shafts, one of solid section and the other of hollow section, of same material and weight having same length are subjected to equal Torsional stiffness of hollow shaft? a) Equal to that of the solid shaft b) Less than that of the solid shaft c) More than that of the solid shaft d) Exactly half of that of the solid shaft 16. A solid shaft has length and diameter and D respectively. A hollow shaft of length external diameter D and internal diameterd respectively. Both are of the same material. The ratio of Torsional stiffness of hollow shaft to that of solid shaft is a) [ ( ) ] ( ) ] ( ) ] ( ) ]

## b) [ What is the ratio of a) 2 b) 1.5 d) 0.5 ? c) [

c) 0.67

d) [

13. What would be the shape of the failure surface of a standard cast iron specimen subjected to torque? a) Cup and cone shape at the centre b) Plane surface perpendicular to the axis of the specimen

17. In a circular shaft of diameter d, subjected to a torque T, the maximum shear stress induced is a) Proportional to b) Proportional to c) Inversely Proportional to

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## Sub: Structural Engineering

d) Inversely Proportional to 18. Which of the following terms represents the torque corresponding to a twist of one radian in a shaft over its unit length? a) Torsional stress b) Torsional rigidity c) Flexural rigidity d) Moment of resistance 19. If a shaft is turning at N r.p.m. and the mean torque to which the shaft is subjected is TN-m, the power transmitted by the shaft in KW would be a) b) b) d)

## Topic : Strength of Materials

20. The Polar modulus of a circular shaft of diameter d is a) . d3 c) . d3 b) . d3 . d2 21. If a shaft rotates at 100 r.p.m and is subjected to a torque of 3000N-m, the power transmitted in KW would be a) 30 c) 20 b) 15 d) 10 22. The ratio of Torsional moments of resistance of a solid circular shaft of diameter D to that of a hollow shaft with external diameter D and internal diameter d is a) c) b) d)

23. A bar AB of diameter 40mm and 4m long is rigidly fixed at its ends. A torque 600Nm is applied at a section of the bar, 1m from end A. the fixing couples at the supports A and B, respectively are a) 200N-m and 400N-m b) 300N-m and 150N-m c) 450N-m and 150N-m d) 300N-m and 100N-m