Capsicum Cultivation

Capsicum Manual
KFBioplants Pvt. Ltd.
S. No.: 178, Kirtane Baug, Mundhwa Road, Magarpatta, Hadapsar, Pune - 411 !". #e$.: %1-& -&"8% 4&&, 'a(: %1-& -&"8% "81 )-*ai$: in+o,-+.iop$ants./o* 0nternet: http:11www.-+.iop$ants./o*

This is for information only. We do not take responsibility of the performance of the product on issue of this growing manual.


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KF Bioplants Pvt. Ltd.,


Capsicum Cultivation A. INTRODUCTION
Capsicum (Capsicum annum) is an important commercial egetable crop grown throughout the world in a wide range of climatic conditions. Capsicum belongs to the family !!olanaceae". Capsicum is also known as !weet "epper# bell pepper or !himla Mirch is one of the popular egetable grown throughout $ndia. $t is rich in itamin %# &itamin C# and minerals like Calcium (1'.(mg)# Magnesium (1(.)mg) "hosphorus (2*.'mg) "otassium (2+'.,mg) "-. 1// g fresh weight. Capsicum is cool season crop# but it can be grown round the year using protected structures where temperatures and .elati e humidity (.0) can be manipulated.

To be successful in Capsicum growing# soil selection is ery important. The main factors to considered are as under1 12 !oil p0 should be in between +./ to +.3 or it should be maintained at this le el to get ma4imum efficiency in absorption of nutrients. 22 The salinity le el of soil should not be more than 1 m!5cm. Therefore# as soon as you select the site# get the soil analy6ed to decide its further reclamation. '2 The soil should be highly porous and well drained to ha e better root growth and better penetration of roots.

7efore plantation of Capsicum# disinfections of soil are absolutely necessary. $n particular# the fungus Phytophthora, Pythium and root knot nematode is a menace to Capsicum. The arious methods of sterili6ation are1 &. Steam: 8ot feasible for $ndian conditions. '. Solarization: Co er the soil with plastic for + 9 * weeks. !unrays will heat up the soil# which will kill most fungi. 3. Chemical: A. ()d*ogen Pe*o+ide ,('O'- .it/ #ilve*. "rocedure1 • Wet the beds with irrigation water of neutral p0 : -C less than /.3 m!5cm. • $n irrigation water; mi4 hydrogen pero4ide with sil er at the rate of '3 ml per liter of water ('.3< solution). !ince this product is highly reacti e and has an o4idi6ing agent; do not mi4 any other chemical with this.


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KF Bioplants Pvt.

Ltd., Pune

Advantages of hydrogen peroxide with silver: 1. 2. (. &ery easy and safe to use without any ha6ardous effect on human health. (+/ cm) $f soil is black cotton gra els or murum (+E layer) can be added at the bottom for better drainage. -conomical. B$D PR$PARATION $n general# Capsicums are grown on raised beds to assist in easier mo ement and better drainage. =se 1 liter water for 1 m2 area.Da2o0et.1 ('/ D (/ gm5 m2) D. Basa0id . C. -co friendly and does not produce any phyto to4ic effects on plants. 1et/)l B*o0ide 1 (23 D '/ gm5 m2) D. !table in wide range of temperature and p0.. ?estroys almost any fungal# bacterial and iral presence as well as lar a and eggs of the insects in soil. ()/ cm) 1 2 ft. This pure chemical should be diluted 1/ times in water and then sprayed5drenched on beds and then co er with plastic for . Fo*0alin @ . '. ('/ cm) 1 ' ft. B. The dimensions of the bed should be as follows1 (3cm +/cm +/cm '/cm )/cm "athway '/cm )/cm +/cm 7ed height Width of bed "athways between beds 1 1ft.3 9 1/ lit51// m2. . %fter sterili6ing and subseAuent washing out of the soil it is ad ised to wait for 2 weeks before plantation for B vapsaC (field capacity) condition. Then flush the soil appro4imately with 1// lit. 3. +. >ust lea e the soil as it is and after ( to + hours the crop can be planted. of water per m2 to drain the traces. Ltd. days.Capsicum Cultivation • %pply this solution uniformly o er moist beds using the spout. Pune .ecommended Auantity of soil and sand is added along Page ' of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt.. "lantation can be carried out ( to + hours after fumigation. • 8o need to co er the soil.

$. Bed 1ate*ial Co0position 1ate*ial . b.3/ kg 23/ kg 1/ kg each Mi4 it well in upper +E soil layer# apply water and at &apsa condition (Gield capacity le el) check -C and p0 of soil before plantation..3 m. ** DO NOT WALK ON T ! "!DS AS #T D!ST$O%S SO#L T!&T'$!.Afte* 6ed p*epa*ation#*. !ulphate of "otash Magnesium !ulphate 8eem Cake !terameal Iinc sulphate# boron and Manganese sulphate 3/ kg 3/ gm . 8o wind breaks or multi storied structures present upto '/ meters. c. %ll material should be mi4ed thoroughly for optimum results. Ltd. +. . The composition of bed material should be such that it should be highly porous# well drained and pro ide proper aeration to the root husk Cla) soil 33 < 13 < '/ < ( kg5m2 #ilt) loa0 soil +/ < 1/ < '/ < 2. The land should be le eled. . Criteria for site selection a. 0eight1 3 to +.Capsicum Cultivation with organic manures. % ailability of good Auality of water 2. Page ( of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt.ed soil !and GHM . !pecification1 a. Jood connecti ity to nearest market.3 kg5m2 Basal fe*tili2e* dose fo* 3444 s50t. %mmonium sulphate 3/kg 2.. !ingle !uper "hosphate 13/ kg '. No. %R$$N(OU#$ FOR CO11$RCIAL CULTI9ATION 1. d. Frganic manure is recommended to impro e soil te4ture and to pro ide nutrition gradually. C/e0i7al 8uantit) 1. -lectricity at the site and no high tension electricity wire upto 3 meters e. %t the time of bed preparation (%fter fumigation) neemcake (@ 1 kg5m 2) is added as pre ention against nematode. 3. Pune . (.

"olythene thickness1 2// microns. ?istance between two adLoining poly houses should be minimum ( m. $f temperature e4ceeds '3 /C or falls below 12/C# fruit setting is affected. Test water and soil sample for -C and p0 periodically. Fpen side curtains from . e. This crop reAuires day temperature of 239'/ /C and night temperature of 1*92/ /C with relati e humidity of 3/9+/<. e. &ent opening1 %long the wind direction. !ufficient entilation space is reAuired on top and sides. • ?uring cold nights close the shade net. +. %lways maintain hygiene and sanitation inside as well as outside polyhouse. f.'/ am to 3 pm. d. (. Jreenhouse operation1 a. c. Wash top of plastic with clean water monthly. c. Jutter direction1 8orth D !outh. 12 FC 7ud initiation will stop '3 FC GreAuency of flowers will be ery low and abortion of buds will take place *. %pply white wash to east# west and north sides of green house to protect plants from bright light intensity during summer season. Page 3 of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt. %ppro4imately . To control light intensity and solar radiation# white shade net (3/<) is used. Pune . The optimum humidity inside the greenhouse should be 3/ D +/ <# which will maintain the health of the plants. ./#/// lu4 light intensity is reAuired on the plant le el. b. • $n summer close from ). '. ). Ltd. side curtains should be kept open in slanting position.Capsicum Cultivation Kength1 8orth D !outh.. b. d.. 3. am to + pm in summer and rainy seasons# whereas open from ) am to 3 pm in winter# to facilitate ma4imum air circulation. To protect the plants from the rains# without affecting the air circulation . Top shade net opening and closing1 • ?uring cloudy climate keep open# otherwise close from 1/ am to ( pm.

ow 9 . !. 2. IRRI%ATION 1. ?. c. ?rip irrigation is mainly for correct doses of fertili6ers.2 b. T.. .e.- %..ow M row +/ cm M 2C "lant D "lant M (3 cm M 1.. Jenerally two rows should be planted on one bed at +/ cm distance between the rows and (3cm distance between the plants in one i. Pune . Crown portion should not be co ered with soil. Page + of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt. 1// per cent under the soil "lant the seedlings without disturbing the root ball. m!5cm.3C %fter plantation# maintain the humidity at */ D )/ < for 2 9 ' weeks to a oid desiccation of plants. Water Auality should be as follows1 a. N (3/ ppm d. p09 +. Thereafter gradually change to drip irrigation. -C9 N /. TRAN#PLANTIN% ?uring transplanting bed moisture le el should be at field capacity. 0ardness N 2// ppm To lower the p0 of water# add acids in the water tank which should be rinsed properly and then use the water for irrigation and spraying. (A)O#D !&C!SS#)! WAT!$#N* TO CA+S#C'. Ltd.. Care should be taken to see that no damage is occurred to roots# while taking out the seedlings from indi idual cells of portrays.3 9 . $mmediately after plantation# irrigate the plant with o erhead irrigation for three weeks to enable uniform root de elopment.Capsicum Cultivation F.

?uring summer season# apply water to the edges of the beds freAuently by using shower to minimi6e the e aporation losses and to maintain micro climate.. '. 1)11)11)) @ /. %dd organic manures with -C less than 2 m!5cm at e ery ' months inter al to maintain proper C18 . (. %s a layman# whene er you enter the greenhouse the plants should look ery healthy and glossy.. %lways use fresh water for irrigation i.2 m!5cm for more flowers and better fruit Auality.g. Gor this purpose pro ision for water outlets (1E diameter pipe) should be made inside the poly house. 81"1O 131*1'3) @ /. Jenerally one drip per plant is reAuired. of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt. e. (N!)!$ L!A)! T ! +LANTS #N ST$!SS COND#T#ON.g. 0owe er# always take care to fulfill the crop reAuirement. The relati e humidity of air should not e4ceed )/ 9 )2 per cent# as it will lead to deformity of fruits. Pune . %lways water the plants before 12 noon. Fnce flowering commences# apply 81"1O 2111( (e. (. Micronutrients (e. (. Gertilon Combi $$# Microsole 7# . Then decide on the Auantity of irrigation reAuired. $n hot summer# foggers can be used to maintain the humidity of the air.( gm5plant e ery alternate day with -C 1.3 m!5cm for first (39+/ days during the egetati e phase to ha e better foliage. ). Kow moisture in soil during blossom de elopment and fruit formation causes the bud# de6losso0 and fruit drops. F$RTI%ATION 1.atio. . Ltd. . %s a thumb rule# the soil should be moderately moist# howe er ne er ha ing e4cessi e water. ?rip irrigation is gi en to pro ide 29( liters of water per sAuare meter per day depending on the season. $rrigate and fertili6e freAuently in small Auantities for optimum results.e4olin# !eAuel and Mahabre4il @ (/ gm per 1/// lit of water) should be gi en daily or weekly as per the deficiency symptoms. do not store water for more than ( to 3 days. +.( gm5plant e ery alternate day with -C 2.Page . *. 8umber of outlets depends on si6e of the poly house. %lways do the detail soil analysis e ery 2 9 ' months to decide specific nutrient schedule. 3. 3..g. 2.Capsicum Cultivation '. +. 7efore irrigation obser e the soil column and isually check the soil moisture content. %fter three weeks of plantation apply 81"1O 11111 (e.

C. %fter e ery fertigation# open flush al e to drain off water from laterals and sub mains. P*uning #tep & Se$e/t two strongest side shoots at the +irst sp$it. $t is necessary to gi e fertili6ers with recommended Auantity of water to maintain -.Capsicum Cultivation 1$T(OD OF %I9IN% F$RTI%ATION Gertigation should be gi en early in the morning at +9* am for better utili6ation by the plants. "eriodically clean the fertigation system to a oid any type of malfunctioning.. INT$RCULTURAL OP$RATION# I. $t should be added to the water atleast 12 hours before use. I. and re*o2e the rest Re*o2e +irst or /rown +$ower 5ea2es . Take recommended Auantity of fertili6ers and dissol e them in sufficient Auantity of side shoots 3ot4$edons #tep ' Page * of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt. Ltd. Pune . 0ence# operate drip system for recommended period of time.3 by using acid. $f p0 of plain water to be used is on higher side then lower it to + to +. of soil.

0# 659)S# 'R.R) 0S R)P)7#)9 6N S)36N9 S#)M.. Ltd.0# PR63)9.e s t s id e s h o o ts re * o 2 e + $o w e rs #tep : R)PR69.9 6P)N '568)R ?#H SP50# 6N87R9S .) 7S '6R 4#H SP50# 4#H SP50# .5)7:) '568)R 1 'R.N6 '568)R.) 5)79)R. #H)R) 8055 75S6 B) 5)7:)S 6N #H) 5)79)R SH66#S =N6# 9R78N '6R 357R0#@> Page ) of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt.N6 '568)R @6.Capsicum Cultivation S e $e / t s tr o n g e s t s id e s h o o ts a t e a / h s p $ it t o / o n t i n u e a s $ e a d e r s R e * o 2 e w e a . 8)7K)R SH66# R)M6:)9 1S# SP50# 0N#6 & B7S75 BR7N3H)S .3#0:) S#7<) @6.N<)R <R))N 'R.e s t s id e s h o o ts re * o 2 e + $o w e rs &nd 1st R e * o 2 e w e a . 8)7K)R SH66# R)M6:)9 &N9 SP50# .e s t s id e s h o o ts re * o 2 e + $o w e rs R e * o 2 e w e a .0#. S)5)3# S#R6N<)S# SH66# #6 36N#0N.e s t s id e s h o o ts re * o 2 e + $o w e rs !rd R e * o 2 e w e a . S#6P 8)7K)R SH66# 7'#)R 1 5)7' .N6 '568)R.0# <R))N 'R. Pune .=N6 '568)R> !R9 SP50# .36N#0N.N<)S# SP50# '568)R B.

Capsicum Cultivation Capsicum "runing Capsicum plants are pruned to retain two stems./ inches) before pinching it out.3 to 2.. These two branches again split into two gi ing rise to four branches. While pruning the plants dip hands in skimmed milk solution # the protein in the milk works to inacti ate iruses that could potentially spread from plant to plant. The flower de eloping at the fork should be remo ed# with the first flower set and resulting fruit set targeted for the second node abo e the fork. The flowers that follow at the fifth node and upwards are allowed to set freely. Ltd. $f this occurs the main stem will not de elop any further. Page 1/ of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt./ centimeters (/. The pruning is done after '/ days of transplanting at an inter al of * to 1/ days# resulting in bigger fruits and better Auality and high producti ity. The main approach to a oid blinding the main stem is to allow the lateral to de elop 1. %fter this flower sets# the flower at the third node is remo ed and the fourth node is left to de elop. This allows the lateral to be clearly identified an makes it easier to be ery clear on what is being remo ed to ensure that the main stem growing point is left intact.3 to 1. %t e ery node they splits into two gi ing rise to one strong branch and one weak branch# remo e the weak one. Care has to be taken when pruning to ensure that the main stem is not PblindedP# that the growing point of the main stem is not pruned out. Pune . "runing is done using the fingers or small scissor cutters to ensure precise remo al of the laterals and a oiding any damage to the main stem or main stem growing point. The tip of the plant splits into two at (th or 3th node and are left to grow.

T*aining The main stem of the plant is tied with two plastic twine to train along and tied to J$ wire grid pro ided on the top of the plants.3 days whereas red capsicum at */9)/ days.. P/)siologi7al Diso*de*s . . There are 2 reasons for this lack of energy1 S When the light intensity is not enough# plant canCt get energy for new fruit set. 7ut it is seldom caused by a shortage of Ca in the soil 5 medium. (AR9$#TIN% OF CAP#ICU1 -arly morning hours are best suited for capsicum har est. Blosso0<$nd Rot 7lossom9end rot is related to weak cells at the tip of fruit caused due to lack of Calcium. I9. III. '. Pune . A6o*tion %bortion of flowers or young fruits takes place when1 • Quality of the pollen is not good • The plant is Ro erloadedE with fruits and does not ha e enough energy for additional fruitset.Capsicum Cultivation II. This is practiced after four weeks of transplanting. F*uit C*a7=ing Page 11 of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt. Gruits can be har ested once in ' to ( days. Jreen capsicum can be har ested at 33 to +/ days after transplanting# yellow capsicum at . S ?ue to -4cess nitrogen le el in growing media# egetati e growth is more and plant is unable to produce flowers as well as fruits. Calcium can only be transported to the fruits at night when there is root pressure. Hellow and red fruits can be har ested when they ha e gained 3/9*/ percent of the colour de elopment. Ltd./9.P*o6le0s not 7aused 6) Diseases o* Inse7ts&. $f you see B$R you should think what went wrong se eral weeks before# when the fruits were starting to grow. The new branches and plants are trained along the plastic twines. $f this root pressure is not enough due a weak root system or not enough water or too high -C# the young fruits will de elop weak cells..

DI#$A#$#?P$#T# • • Ap/ids 8ymph and adult suck sap from the leaf eins and younger lea es resulting in reduced plant growth and decrease in yield.. Ltd. White serpentine tunnels in lea es caused by lar ae# which hibernates in soil. S Cracking more often occurs when fruits are left on the plant for too long period. The appearance of fruit cracks can follow periods of high relati e humidity (o er *3<)# changes from hot sunny weather to cool cloudy weather or ise ersa. -nsure the fruits are not wet during the night and early morning also# day5night temperature difference can contribute to this problem.1i7*o > #ta* 7*a7=ing The de elopment of these cracks are associated with sudden changes in the growth rate of the indi idual fruit. % oid watering at night. Gactors responsible for fruit cracking are1 S $rregular supply of water (i. :. 1ites Houng lar ae and adults feed on lea es# bud and fruits# suck sap from plant parts which in turn cause downward curling of lea es. K.Capsicum Cultivation The de elopment of large cracks on the fruit is a direct response to high root pressure. • • Leaf 1ine* White specks on lea es caused by flies. Mature fruits also are less fle4ible and hence are more sensiti e to cracking. Pune . $t also reduces leaf area and hinders absorption of nutrients and water by the plants. Water stress conditions) S Too long irrgation inter als.aci12 of 22 Page KF Bioplants Pvt. T/*ips Thrips cause upward curling of lea es# suck sap and reduce leaf growth# plant growth# yield and market alue of produce. Maitain the wapsa condition on bed. • @/ite fl) . ta. The si6e of leaf# fruit and plants get reduced# fruit and flower drop affecting the market alue of the produce. Maintaining a consistent# optimi6ed growing en ironment is the best way to pre ent the de elopment of fruit cracks.".e.

• Ce*7ospo*a leaf spot Cercospora appears initially as tiny yellow spot on leaf surface leading to increased dark grey spots which spreads on entire leaf resulting in dropping of leaf.g.. • Po. Ltd. %ny damage caused to seedlings while transplanting can also lead to damping off or seedling wilt. The disease reduces growth of lea es and fruits leading to low Auality and Auantity of the produce. Pune .Capsicum Cultivation Cause a lot of sucking damage (plant Luices) and transmit many iruses (e. The adults lay eggs on fruits# flowers and lea es in large number and the nymphs that come out of eggs# feed on fruits and lea es causing hea y destruction of crops and se erely affects the Auality of produce. Diseases • Da0ping off $nfection takes place at the base of the young seedlings Lust abo e the ground le el which leads to wilting and later death of seedlings. • F*uit 6o*e* Gruit borers are ery acti e during night. • Root =not Ne0atode Hellowing of lea es# stunted growth of the plant with reduced lea es si6e# knots on roots. The disease initially appears as tiny yellow spots on surface of leaf and powder like material on the lower surface leading to a powdery growth co ering the entire lower surface of leaf which leads to drying and dropping of lea es at later*) 0ilde. Kater plant weakens and dies in 29' days. Chilli Keaf Curl &irus). Page 1' of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt. Water logged condition in the green house and muddy water during rainy season are fa ourable conditions for nematode growth. • P/)top/t/o*a This disease appears during fruiting and flowering stage resulting in tiny oil like spot on leaf surface resulting in rottening and blackening of plants.

Pune . • To0ato #potted @ilt 9i*us .Capsicum Cultivation • 9i*al diseases &iral disease are transmitted through aphids and thrips leading to upward and downward curling of lea es with yellow spot in the middle of leaf and sometimes on fruit also.C19Transmission through arious aphid species Da0age plant and fruit (loss of production# low Auality product) Cont*ol keep out aphids by netting the greenhouses# conduct freAuent chemical treatments against aphids# keeping edges and5or hedges clear of weeds as they often are hosts for different iruses.T19Mechanically transmitted irus (tools hands# clothes# water# soil etc) Da0age plant and fruit (loss of production# low Auality product) Cont*ol use resistant arieties# clean pruning tools with a 1/< solution of trisodium phosphate for two hour# use a 1/< solution of skimmed milk to dip hands in during crop handling# use clean clothes5shoes. • Cu7u06e* 1osai7 9i*us . occidentalis) Da0age plant and fruit (loss of production# low Auality product) Cont*ol use resistant arieties# keep out thrips by netting the greenhouses# conduct freAuent chemical treatments against thrips# keeping edges and5or hedges clear of weeds as they often are hosts for different iruses. • Potato A 9i*us .. 0ea y infestation leads to dropping up of lea es# stunted plant growth and reduced Auality and Auantity of fruits.P9ATransmission through arious aphid species Da0age plant and fruit (loss of production# low Auality product) Cont*ol use resistant arieties# keep out aphids by netting the greenhouses# conduct freAuent chemical treatments against aphids# keeping edges and5or hedges clear of weeds as they often are hosts for different iruses. P$#T CONTROL IN CAP#ICU1 Page 1( of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt. Ltd. • To6a77o 1osai7 9i*us .T#@9Transmission through thrips (G.

. Ltd.Capsicum Cultivation Pests #uggested C/e0i7als Con7ent*ation pe* lit. Page 13 of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt. Pune .

3 gm 1.3 ml T 2 gm /.3 ml /.( gm 1 gm /.3 ml 1..egent (Gipronil) Confidor ($midacloprid) 8u an (?ichlor os) T 8u ac on (Monocrotophos) .3 gm /.( ml /.ogor (?imethoate) 8eema6ol Malathion Confidor ($midacloprid) "ride (%cetamiprid) ?antop (Clothianidin) %ctra (Thimetho4an) "egasus (?iafenthiuron) Calno a T Calpaste "adan (Cartephydrochloride) Chlorpyriphos 8u an (?ichloro os) &ertimec (%bamectin) %cephate (%cephate) Metacid (Methyl "arathion) Cal M7 Cypermethrin "adan (Cartephydrochloride) .3 ml T 2 ml 2 ml /.( ml /.3 ml /.3 ml /. Ltd.Capsicum Cultivation @/itefl) %stra# Kanate (Methomyl) .( gm /.ogor (?imethoate) "ride (%cetamiprid) &ertimec (%bamectin) Calno a T Calpaste %ctra (Thimetho4an) "ure Water !pray Wettable !ulphur Oelthane (?icofol) &ertimec (%bamectin) Magister (Gena6aAuin) Fmite ("ropergite) Milbeknock (Milbemectin) ?erisom Wettable !ulphur Oarathane (?inocap) &ertimec (%bamectin) Milbeknock (Milbemectin) ?erisom 1.( ml /.3 gm 1.3 ml T 2 gm 1 gm 1 ml 1 ml /.3 ml 2 ml 1. Pune .23 gm /.3 gm 2 ml 2 ml 2 ml /.3 ml 1 gm 1.3 gm 999999 1.3 gm 1 ml 2 ml /.3 ml 2 ml Leaf 1ine* T/*ips Red 1ites C)7la0en 1ites Page 1+ of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt.( ml 1.( ml 1 ml 1ml /.

#P2 ml Ba7te*ial 6lig/t !treptocyclin .2 ml 1.3 ml /.#P1ml 0ydrogen pero4ide .#.D*en7/ B C4 D &44 0l?plant .D2 gm Alternaria Leaf #pot ?ithane M9(3 (Manco6eb) . $nde4 (Myclobutanil) .#P/.ubigan (Genremol) .de*) 1ilde.D1. DI#$A#$ CONTROL IN CAP#ICU1 Con7ent*ation pe* lit.3 gm Wettable !ulphur .D2 gm %liette (Gosetyl %lluminium) .#P1 gm C*o.( gm '/ to 3/ gm5plant 2 ml ' gm ' ml 1/ gm5m2.D2 gm Captaf (Captan) . of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt.2 ml Oasu 7 (Oasugamycin) .D' gm 7a istin (Carbenda6im) .Capsicum Cultivation Catte*pille* "roclaim (%memectin ben6oate) Kanate (Methomyl) Thimet ("horate) .#P/.3 ml /.#?ecis (?eltamethrin) % aunt ($ndo4acarb) Kar in (Thiodicarb) Ne0atode 8eem cake Metacid (Methyl parathion) 7enlate (7enomyl) 0ydrogen pero4ide with !il er . 3 gm Note %s a pre enti e measure use of yellow sticky traps and blue sticky traps are effecti e against white flies# leaf minors and thrips respecti ely.3 gm 2 gm5plant /.#P.D. Pune .D2 gm Root *ot 7enlate (7enomyl) .3 gm Oocide (Copper hydro4ide) .DCarbofuron granules 8ematogaurd ("cealomyces) .#P1.#P1.3 gm .#P1.D2 gm /usarium Oocide (Copper hydro4ide) .#P1 gm Topsin9M (Thiophanate9 Methyl) .3 gm Oarathane (?inocap) .3 gm Po.D2 gm Topsin9M (Thiophanate9 Methyl) ..#oil appli7ation a*ound plant /.( ml Quintol ($prodion T Carbenda6im) .D2 gm 7lito4 (Copper o4ychloride) .23 ml DI#$A#$# #uggested Cont*ol Page 1. %liette (Gosetyl %lluminium) . Ltd.#P/.n *ot Topsin9M (Thiophanate9 Methyl) ./.

/ile sp*a)ing of pesti7ides.2 gm 1.3 gm 2 gm Ca*e to 6e ta=en . /..DOocide (Copper hydro4ide) .#P7lito4 (Copper o4ychloride) . +) Test water and soil sample for -C : p0 periodically. ') ?o not store mi4ture for more than 2 hours after preparation.Capsicum Cultivation -mison (-tho4y methyl mercury chloride) . 1) p0 of the solution should be between + to +.#p*a)ing Note $n biological fungicides Trichoderma viridae and Trichoderma herzenium are effecti e against all fungal diseases. Ltd.3. 2) =se solution immediately after preparation. fungi7ides and fe*tili2e*s fo* 6ette* *esults.DNote . L. $t is maintained by acid treatment to water 12 hours before spray. Pune .) Fperation of greenhouse is ery important to maintain suitable conditions inside the polyhouse. 3) $t is recommended to add spray adLu ant like %psa */ @ 3 ml513 lit. D$FICI$NCA #A1PTO1# Page 1* of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt. () !maller droplet si6e helps to co er ma4imum leaf surface area.D*en7/ B C4 D &44 0l?plant .#P. . of water to enhance the performance of pesticides : fertili6ers and also help the solution to penetrate deeper.D. Chemical fungicides should not be used atleast 21days after or 1/ days before its application.

C shaped leaf structure. Calcium: -4treme yellowing of young lea es. . +hosphorus: 7rownish discoloration along the ein on underside of old lea es. *.an0anese: Kea es turn yellowish# starting with younger ones. "oron: 7ases of younger lea es are black colored. 1inc: Chlorosis# one half of leaf blade ceases to e4pand and de elop while other half is normal i. Page 1) of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt.. hea y chlorosis.3enum: Chlorosis on the edges of lea es. eins remain green# • Control measure1 Chelated sources (like Microsole# Tracel# Micnelf) of these microelements as a foliar spray. 2. . Ltd. . flower de elops bad.e. !erious deficiency results in a yellowish9white coloring. . Copper: Chlorosis in younger lea es. Pune . +. 3.ol2. 11. 1/. #ron: $nter einal chlorosis on young lea es.Capsicum Cultivation 1..a0nesium: $nter einal chlorosis on older lea es# lea es get thick and crispy. +otassium: Marginal necrosis of old lea es. Nitro0en: Jeneral yellowing starts on older lea es and then mo es gradually upward because nitrogen is translocated out of older lea es to the new growth under deficiency. ). (. '.

.Capsicum Cultivation Nut*ient Defi7ien7) Identifi7ation C/a*t Page 2/ of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt. Pune . Ltd.

Page 21 of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt. #OIL #A1PL$ • Gor e4isting plot# it is necessary to take samples from ' to * spots depending on the area. '.Capsicum Cultivation 1. Ltd. • Gor ri er of lake# collect sample at a distance from the bed so that the sediment particles do not enter in the sample. Pune . • -nsure that the sample should reach the analysis laboratory within 2 days from collection.. @AT$R #A1PL$ • Gor tube well or open well# pump out some water and then collect sample in clean and chemical free plastic or glass bottle. @AT$R AND #OIL #A1PL$ COLL$CTION &.

"oint of sample collection ?rippers !oil surface 3 cm below soil surface !ample +E ?epth • • !crap soil from slope of hole and this will be a sample from that spot. . !imilarly take samples from all spots and mi4 together. Pune .. Then air dry this sample under shade and then take some sample as a representati e sample of the plot.Capsicum Cultivation • • • !top fertigation for 2 days.  Page 22 of 22 KF Bioplants Pvt. Make a & D shaped hole (as shown in figure) of +CC depth in between drippers.emo e upper 3 cm layer of soil from these spots. -nsure that the sample should reach the analysis laboratory within 2 days from collection. Ltd.