Zaragoza v Fidelino G.R. No. L-29723 July 14, 1988 J. Narva a Fa!" # $%e ui" &or "%e re'levin o& "%e !ar (a )roug%" )y *n"onio Zaragoza in "%e "rial !

our" again " +a. *ngela Fidelino. ,i !o-'lain" alleged "%a" "%e !ar %ad )een old "o Fidelino )u" "%e la""er %ad &ailed "o 'ay "%e 'ri!e in "%e -anner "i'ula"ed in "%eir agree-en". $%e !ar (a "a.en &ro- Fidelino/ 'o e ion )y "%e %eri&& on "%e "reng"% o& a (ri" o& delivery )u" (a 'ro-'"ly re"urned "o %er "%roug% a ure"y )ond )y +a)ini 0n uran!e. $%e a!"ion re ul"ed in a 1udg-en" &or "%e 'lain"i&&. Zaragoza -oved &or "%e a-end-en" o& "%e de!i ion o a "o in!lude "%e ure"y, +a)ini 0n uran!e 2 Fideli"y 3o., 0n!., a a 'ar"y olidarily lia)le (i"% "%e de&endan" &or "%e 'ay-en" o& "%e u- . 4e 'i"e %aving )een duly &urni %ed (i"% !o'ie o& "%e -o"ion and "%e no"i!e o& %earing, nei"%er Fidelino nor "%e ure"y !o-'any &iled any o''o i"ion "o "%e -o"ion, nor did ei"%er o& "%e- a''eared a" "%e %earing. $%e $rial 3our" gran"ed i". No -o"ion &or re!on idera"ion (a &iled or a''eal "a.en )y Fidelino a regard ei"%er "%e original or "%e a-ended de!i ion. 0" (a "%e ure"y (%i!% 're en"ed a -o"ion &or re!on idera"ion, and u'on i" denial, a''ealed "o "%e 3our". 0 ue# 56N a''ellan" verdi!" again " Fidelino ,eld# Judg-en" a&&ir-ed. Ra"io# $%e a''ellan" ure"y !o-'any )ound i" el& 71oin"ly and everally7 (i"% "%e de&endan" Fidelino 7in "%e u- o& 89:6: F6R$; 90G,$ $,6<:*N4 6NL; =848,>>>.>>?, 8%ili''ine 3urren!y, (%i!% i dou)le "%e value o& "%e 'ro'er"y "a"ed in "%e a&&idavi" o& "%e 'lain"i&&, &or "%e delivery "%ereo& i& u!% delivery i ad1udged, or &or "%e 'ay-en" o& u!% u- "o %i- a -ay )e re!overed again " "%e de&endan" and "%e !o " o& "%e a!"ion. $%e a''ellan" ure"y/ lia)ili"y a""a!%ed u'on "%e 'ro-ulga"ion o& "%e verdi!" again " Fidelino. *ll "%a" (a ne!e ary "o en&or!e "%e 1udg-en" again " i" (a a 'ro'er %earing (%ere i" )e &or-ally no"i&ied "%a" i" (a in "ru"% )eing -ade re 'on i)le &or i" !o-'rin!i'al/ ad1udi!a"ed 're "a"ion and an o''or"uni"y, a" a %earing !alled &or "%e 'ur'o e. * e'ara"e a!"ion (a no" ne!e ary@ i" (a in &a!" 'ro !ri)ed. *nd again, "%e re!ord %o( u) "an"ial !o-'lian!e (i"% "%e e )a i! reAuire-en" , o)viou ly i-'o ed in de&eren!e "o due 'ro!e . ure"y/ lia)ili"y a""a!%ed u'on "%e 'ro-ulga"ion o& "%e

$%e a''ellan" ure"y/ la " argu-en" "%a" )y "%e "i-e "%e 3our" a-ended i" de!i ion. Dee v.7 or 7&or "%e 'ay-en" o& u!% u. and u'%eld "%e 'ro'rie"y o& "%e a-end-en" o& "%e 1udg-en" (%i!% ordered "%e a''ellan" ure"y !o-'any "o 'ay B "o "%e eC"en" o& i" )ond and 1oin"ly and everally (i"% de&endan" B "%e 1udg-en" o)liga"ion. Nei"%er FidelinoD !oun el nor "%e ure"y !o-'any &iled any o''o i"ion "o aid -o"ion. 'ar"i!ularly i" a!!e'"an!e o& "%e 3our"/ 1uri di!"ion. (i"%ou" 'u""ing in i ue "%e rea ona)lene o& "%e a-oun" a(arded &or da-age )u" !on&ining i" el& "o "%e de&en e in avoidan!e o& lia)ili"y on i" )ond "%a" i" (a no" a 'ar"y "o "%e !a e and never -ade a 'ar"y "%erein and (a no" no"i&ied o& "%e "rial o& "%e !a e. *''ellan" ure"y !o-'any never 'rayed &or an o''or"uni"y "o 're en" eviden!e in i" )e%al&.a)le. Masloff. "o (%i!% "%e a''ellan" ure"y !o-'any &iled i" 76''o i"ion7 and 7Re1oinder7 "o "%e 7Re'ly "o 6''o i"ion &iled )y "%e a''ellee .a -ay )e re!overed again " "%e de&endan" and "%e !o " o& "%e a!"ion. "o in!lude "%e ure"y a a 'ar"y 1oin"ly and everally lia)le (i"% "%e de&endan" "o "%e eC"en" o& "%e u. and "%a" "%e a''ellee (ere guil"y o& la!%e . $%e ure"y/ o-i ion "o a''ear a" "%e %earing de 'i"e no"i!e o& !our e !on "i"u"ed a (aiver o& "%e rig%" "o )e %eard on "%e -a""er. and ne!e arily again " i" el&.a(arded in "%e de!i ion "o )e 'aid "o 'lain"i&& (%i!% i" )ound i" el& 71oin"ly and everally (i"% "%e de&endan" &or "%e 'ay-en" o& u!% u. (%i!% i one o& "%e -ode &or "%e a!Aui i"ion o& 1uri di!"ion over a 'ar"y. %ad never )een -ade a 'ar"y.o& "%e !oun"er-)ond volun"arily &iled )y i" in de&endan"/ )e%al& leave no dou)" o& i" a en" "o )e )ound )y "%e 3our"/ ad1udg-en" o& "%e de&endan"/ lia)ili"y. "%e de!i ion %ad already )e!o-e &inal.*''ellan" ure"y undou)"edly re!eived !o'y o& Zaragoza/ +o"ion "o *-end 4e!i ion. nor did "%ey a''ear in "%e %earing (%ere "%e -o"ion (a dee-ed u)-i""ed &or re olu"ion. . For in "%a" !oun"er)ond. )eing !er"ain and un-i "a. al o oug%" "o avoid lia)ili"y )y a er"ing "%a" i" (a no" a 'ar"y "o "%e !a e. i al o un"ena)le.$%ere. i" i-'li!i"ly 'rayed &or a&&ir-a"ive relie&@ "%e relea e o& "%e eized !ar. $%a" -o"ion -ade !lear i" 'ur'o eB"%a" "%e de!i ion 7)e a-ended. $%e "er. a ure"y on a counter-bond given "o relea e 'ro'er"y &rore!eiver %i'."o "%e 'lain"i&& a -ay )e re!overed again " "%e de&endan" and "%e !o " o& "%e a!"ion. and %ad no" )een no"i&ied o& "%e "rial. in !on idera"ion o& (%i!% i" eC'li!i"ly )ound i" el& olidarily (i"% aid de&endan" "o an (er &or "%e delivery o& "%e !ar u)1e!" o& "%e a!"ion 7i& u!% delivery i ad1udged. $%e 3our" overruled "%e !on"en"ion.7 "%e re&eren!e "o a 'o i)le &u"ure 1udg-en" again " "%e de&endan". "%e reAuire-en" o& %earing (a &ully a"i &ied or !o-'lied (i"%. and "%ere&ore unal"era)le. $%e &iling o& "%a" )ond (a !learly an a!" o& volun"ary u)-i ion "o "%e 3our"/ au"%ori"y. $%e 3our" ruled "%a" in!e u!% a-ended 1udg-en" %ad )een rendered a&"er "%e a''ellan" ure"y !o-'any a 'ar"y 1oin"ly and everally lia)le (i"% "%e de&endan" &or "%e da-age already a(arded "o "%e a''ellee . or an a''ro'ria"e order )e i ued.