# Supply Chain Academy Master Planning of Resources Practise Exam

Please choose the best answer from options a, b, c and d for each question and enter your answer on the answer sheet provided. 1. All of the following are elements of Master Planning except: a. Demand Management b. Production Planning c. Capacity Re uirements Planning d. Master !cheduling ". #he \$anuary forecast% using exponential smoothing% was "&' units. !ales in \$anuary were "(' units. !ales in )ebruary% March and April were *++% ",+% and "-' units respecti.ely. /sing an alpha0factor of ."% what is the May forecast1 a. 2 don3t ha.e enough information to calculate it. b. "-( c. "-, d. "-1 *. 4i.en the following information% calculate the piece item fill rate and the re.enue fill rate of this order for immediate shipment: 5rder no 1: 2tem A: , 6 7'+ each 2tem 8: ' 6 7&' each 2tem C: - 6 71++ each 2tem D: 1 6 7'++ a. b. c. d. 5n 9and !toc:: 2tem A% -; 2tem 8% <; 2tem C% &; 2tem D% ". '+=% &,= (+=% &,= '+=% (1= (+=% (1=

<. >hich of the following are established to define what restrictions to changes in the MP! are established1 a. #ime fences b. Planning periods c. Planning hori?ons d. 8ottlenec: locations

@xam 1

#he final assembly schedule addresses a shorter term planning hori?on than the master schedule and loo:s at customer orders rather than forecast demand. >hat is the difference between a final assembly schedule and a master production schedule1 a. Pull systems of planning and control a. @xam 1 .el of distribution and centralised at e.ity d. Represents the group forecast in two le. -. b. b. #he final assembly schedule addresses a shorter term planning hori?on than the master schedule and loo:s at forecast demand rather than customer orders. #he production forecast a. @ngineer to order.entory management c. Allow each distribution centre to manage its own in.el master scheduling to determine the MP! uantities. &. .. #he final assembly schedule addresses a longer term planning hori?on than the master schedule and loo:s at forecast demand rather than customer orders d.ironments would there typically be a greater proliferation of item numbers at the raw material rather than the finished product stage1 a. All of the following may be a reason for forecast error except: a.entory b. )unctional management non0participation in the de. b.elopment and execution of the forecast system. Centralise in. c. Ma:e to stoc: b. (. #he complexity of the forecasting system. Assemble to order d. 5ur own promotional acti.el master scheduling d. Rely on replenishment orders from the stoc:ing locations nearest to the production facility d. 2s used in two0le. #he final assembly schedule addresses a longer term planning hori?on than the master schedule and loo:s at customer orders rather than forecast demand.el master scheduling to help determine the MP! uantities.'. c. Ma:e to order c. 2s based on production lead times.ity c.ery other point. 2n which of the following manufacturing en. Are decentralised at the first le. A competitor3s promotional acti. 2s used in single le.

d. c.e the same planning hori?on. #he production plan can be used to pro. 1". 2n the example abo.' +%. 2n the example below% using a batch uantity of &'% the master production schedule will create what proAected balances in wee:s * and <1 5pening >ee: 1 >ee: " >ee: * >ee: < Product A: )orecast . 1<. Cit 85Ms. @xam 1 . c. b. Bo changes would be re uired An order for an additional &' in wee: 1 only A reduction of &' in the order for wee: < only An order for an additional &' in wee: 1 and a reduction of &' in the order for wee: <. d. >hich of the following statements is most accurate1 a. d. MP! a.e% what changes would be necessary to the MP! if the opening in. #he production plan is less detailed than the MP! c. Phantom 85Ms. &'%. 1*.+ (+ -+ -' PA8 -+ MP! a. d. #he MP! and the production plan ha.entory were *+ instead of -+1 a. d. b.1+.' '%1' '%1+ 11. All of the following are used as Planning 85Ms except: a. c. uantities in the fro?en period can best be described as: )irm planned orders Planned orders !cheduled receipts @ ual to shipment uantities. Modular 85Ms b.ide order promising information. b. #he MP! deals with product families b. !uper85Ms c.

2t identifies the rate at which the forecast is being consumed by orders. 2% 22% 222 and 2F 1&.1'. a. 2 only b.entory to balance supply and demand1 2. >hich of the following purposes does a trac:ing signal ser.ed b. #he daily production detail is being finalised.el !trategy 22. 2nterplant orders 2F. Demand exceeds in. 1-. 2 and 2F only 2% 22 and 2F only 22 and 222 only 2% 22% 222 and 2F 1(. c. 2t identifies a bias in the forecast. Chase !trategy 222. #he MP! is being finalised c. @xam 1 . 8ottlenec: capacity constraints 2F. Customer orders 22. 9ybrid !trategy a. >hich of the following are inputs to a realistic master production schedule1 2. Customer orders 222. >hich of the following elements of demand would be considered when constructing a Master Production !chedule 2. c. >hich of the following manufacturing strategies uses build0ups and depletion of in.entory to meet it. 2t identifies the si?e of the forecast error b. 2 E 222 only d.e in a forecast1 a. A customer order is recei. 22 only c. d. Mar:et forecasts 22. #he existing MP! 222. De. d. )inal assembly scheduling is conducted when a. 2% 22 and 222 1. b.. 2 and 22 only b. d. @ngineering re uirements a. #he production plan. 2t helps identify whether the most appropriate forecasting system is being used. 22% 222 and 2F only c. 2 E 222 only d.

e the desired le. #he A#P uantity in period " will be +. Create stable supplier schedules d. )ro?en period G " wee:s. )inance and manufacturing d.er the '0wee: period. d. #he primary purpose of time fences is to: a.e information1 a.ery in wee: *. @ither MAD or standard de. Define the degree of change that can be allowed in the MP! c. "1.iation is 1. >hich of the following statements is not correct in relation to the abo. !ales and manufacturing c. Manufacturing and distribution.e scenario will be: a. !enior management and operational staff b. b. 1'+%+%*++%1'+%*++ "*. #he standard de. #he MP! orders to balance the abo. >hat one of the following statements is untrue in relation to MAD and !tandard De. +%1'+%1'+%1'+%*++ d.entory G 1<+ "".iation can be used to calculate the amount of safety stoc: needed to achie. #he MAD identifies the si?e and direction of the forecast error% the standard de. MAD is easier to calculate than standard de.el of customer ser. b.iation. 2n. An order for -+ units can be promised for deli.iation identifies Aust the si?e. a. !implify the Aob of the Master !cheduler. c.ice."' times the MAD b. "<. c. #he maximum new customer order that can be accepted for deli. #he following " uestions relate to the data below.+ MP! 1'+ *++ + *++ Dot si?e G 1'+. d. +%1'+%*++%+%*++ b. Determine how far the forecast needs to loo: into the future."+. 1 " * < ' )orecast 1++ 1&' 1-+ 1"+ "++ 5rders 11+ 1'+ 1++ .iation.entory is proAected to reduce by 1+ o. 5n0hand in.+ <+ PA8 1<+ *+ ' 1"' ' 1+' A#P *+ + 1<+ + ". @xam 1 .ery by wee: * is 1&+. #he MP! is a tool that can be used to inform communication between which two groups: a. 1'+%1'+%1'+%1'+%1'+ c.

ery in wee: * without any changes to the MP!. !chedule an additional MP! order for 1"' in wee: <% and accept the order for deli.5rders A#P MP! 1 &+ "' 1"' " *+ * <' *+ 1"' < <+ ' 1+ "'. 1(++ b. Accept the order for deli. >hen production consistently fails to achie. 5rganise o. @xponential smoothing b. !horten the fro?en period in the MP!. #he forecast for next year is for sales of . ". "1++ "&.el production strategy1 a. 9istorical analogy d.ery in wee: *. c. >hich of the following would be the most appropriate forecast techni ue to use during the early introduction phase of a product1 a. c. 8y how much must its output le. !easonal indices.<. Reduce output by "+= c. 2t now wishes to reduce this leadtime to * wee:s o. A ma:e0to0order company has maintained an -0wee: customer leadtime for the past year.er the next "+ wee:s.ery dates. b.ise the MP!.e the Master Production !chedule% what is the most appropriate action to ta:e1 a. 2ncrease output by "'= d. Pyramid forecasting "(. 2ncrease output by "+= b. #he H" seasonal index is 1. Reduce output by "'= "-..e this reduction using a le. d. 8ased on the abo. d. 11++ c. !chedule an additional MP! order for 1"' in wee: *% and accept the order.ery in wee: < c.+++ units.els change to achie. b. 8ased on this information% what is the proAected sales for H" of next year1 a.e to a re uest for a new customer order of '+ in wee: *1 a. Reschedule customer deli. 2dentify the capacity constraints and re. !chedule an additional order MP! order for 1"' in wee: <% and accept the order for deli. (++ d.e information% which is the most appropriate response to gi. @xam 1 .ertime to catch up on the bac:log.

2t defines the aggregate le.entory le.entory *<.entory except1 a. !uppler has access to the customer3s in. *". b. *'.ery promises to be made.e A. 2t is a uic: method of creating forecasts for stable0demand products. d.endor is responsible for maintaining the customer3s in. 2t sets out the le. >hich of the following statements about non0cumulati. Replenishment is triggered at a certain sales le.ailable.ailable. 22 only c. 2 only b. >hich of the following statements is true related to exponential smoothing1 a. 8oth 22 and 222 *1. a. c.el of resources a. #he supplier owns the in. 22. b. 9ow much safety stoc: will now be re uired in each warehouse1 a. Ma:e to order 222. #he Production Plan inhibits the MP! in which of the following ways: 2.er trac: a trend. Ma:e to stoc: 22. "+++ c.ailable to Promise is true1 a. Assemble to order a. A distribution system currently has . 22 only c. b. A#P G MP! I 5rders. 2t can be used at the introductory stage of a products life cycle. @xponential smoothing can ne.el d. Material is allocated to orders as soon as it is a. 2t does not wor: for products with seasonal demand. 1+++ b.el of output. c. 2t enables reliable deli. A#P G ProAected in. *+++ d.*+.els c. #he .ities into the remaining ". <+++ **. 2n which of the following manufacturing scenarios is a two0le. All of the following are elements of Fendor Managed 2n.entory 0 orders d. 8oth 2 and 22 d.el Master !cheduling process appropriate1 2. Beither 2 nor 22 @xam 1 .warehouses% each holding '++ units of safety stoc: of the company3s most popular product. 222 only d. #he company intends to rationalise the distribution by closing six warehouses and consolidating its acti.entory data b. 2 only.

>hich of the following statements concerning RCCP is best1 a.el of safety stoc: what factors must be ta:en into account11 a. !tandard de.entory. Product uality will be unaffected.er be changed b. >hich of the following is the least li:ely result of an o. <+. 2t identifies new bottlenec:s d.ity will increase as people react to the hea.er the next ' months1 a.ice will deteriorate.entory of finished goods from " months to * months. b.++ b.ice le. b.*. Producti. #he uality of the forecast and the cost of in. #he amount of storage space a. c. Customer ser.iation of the forecast and the target customer ser. 2t is a critical part of master scheduling.erloaded c.ertime will be performed. c. Can ne. 1. @xcessi. @xam 1 . Bether a nor b are true *(.er be o. b. *-. A company needs to increase its in. 8efore the demand time fence% MP! uantities: a.ailable and the cost of in.erloaded master schedule1 a. 2f done properly the plant will ne. "+++ c. #he production plan% therefore% should call for what uantity to be produced per month o. 2t is concerned only with bottlenec: wor:centres. #he . Are based only on actual sales c. 2ts forecasted sales are remaining steady at "+++ per month o.. #o calculate the scientific le. 8oth a and b are true d.alue of the safety stoc: and the production lead0time.e unplanned o. d.y load. "-++ *&.er the next ' months.el.entory. "<++ d. d.