# Sub: Steel Structures

Topic : Plastic analysis

MODULE- 42B
Plastic analysis of beams and frames.

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1. A steel beam (with a constant EI, and span L) is fixed at both ends and carries a uniformly distributed load (w kN/m), which is gradually increased till the beam reaches the stage of plastic collapse (refer to the following figure). Assuming ‘B’ to be at midspan, which of the following is true,

(a) 3Mp/L (b) (c) 6Mp/L (d) 3.

4Mp/L 8Mp/L

A propped cantilever of span L is carrying a vertical concentrated load acting at midspan. The plastic moment of the section of Mp. The magnitude of the collapse load is (a) (b) (c) (d) When the triangular section of a beam as shown below becomes a plastic hinge, the compressive force acting on the section (with σy denoting the yield stress) becomes

4.

(A) Hinges are formed at A, B and C together. (B) Hinges are formed at B and then at A and C together (C) Hinges are formed A and C together and then at B (D) Hinges are formed at A and C only
2. A steel portal frame has dimensions, plastic moment capacities and applied loads as shown in the figure. The vertical load is always twice of the horizontal load. The collapse load P required for the development of a beam mechanism is

(a) (c) 5.

(b) (d)

The plastic collapse load for the propped cantilever supporting two point loads as shown in figure terms of plastic moment capacity, is given by

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Sub: Steel Structures

Topic : Plastic analysis

11. A propped cantilever made of a prismatic steel beam is subjected to a concentrated load P at mid span as shown.

(a) 3 (c) 4 6.

/L (b) 4 /L (d) 6

/L /L a) If load P = 80 KN ,find the reaction R(in KN) (correct to 1-decimal place)using elastic analysis. b) If the magnitude of load P is increased till collapse and the plastic moment carrying capacity of steel beam section is 90 KNm, determine reaction R(in KN)(correct to 1-decimal place) using plastic analysis. __________

The shape of the cross-section, which has a largest shape factor, is (A) rectangular (B) I-section (C) diamond (D) solid circular A continuous beam is loaded as shown in the figure below. Assuming a plastic moment capacity equal to MP, the minimum load at which the beam would collapse is

7.

(A) 8.

(B)

(C)

(D)

In the theory of plastic bending of beams, the ratio of plastic moment to yield moment is called (A) Shape factor (B) Plastic section modulus (C) Modulus of resilience (D) Rigidity modulus The value of W that results in the collapse of the beam shown in the figure and having a plastic moment capacity of is

9.

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

10. As per IS 800:2007, the cross-section in which the extreme fiber can reach the yield stress, but cannot develop the plastic moment of resistance due to failure by local buckling is classified as (A) plastic section (B) compact section (C) semi-compact section (D) slender section