# Sub: Geotechnical Engineering

Topic: Compaction

MODULE- 47A
Compaction
1. Compaction of an embankment is carried out in 500 mm thick layers. The rammer used for compaction has a foot area of 0.05 sq. m and the energy imparted in every drop of rammer is 400 Nm. Assuming 50% more energy in each pass over the compacted area due to overlap, the number of passes required to develop compactive energy equivalent to Indian Standard light compaction for each layer would be (a) 10 (b) 16 (c) 20 (d) 26 A clayey soil has a maximum dry density 3 of 16 kN/m and optimum moisture content of 12%. A contractor during the construction of core of an earth dam 3 obtained the dry density 15.2 kN/m and water content 11%. This construction is acceptable because. (a) the density is less than the maximum dry density and water content is on dry side of optimum. (b) the compaction density is very low and water content is less than 12%. (c) the compaction is done on the dry side of the optimum. (d) both the dry density and water content of the compacted soil are within the desirable limits In a standard proctor test, 1.8 kg of moist soil was filling the mould (volume = 944 cc) after compaction. A soil sample weighing 23 g was taken from the mould and overdried for 24 hours at a temperature of 1100C. Weight of the dry sample was found to be 20 g. Specific gravity of soil solids is G = 2.7. The theoretical maximum value of the dry unit weight of the soil at that water content is equal to (a) 4.67 kN/m3 (b) 11.5 kN/m3 (c) 16.26 kN/m3 (d) 8.85 kN/m3 4. Compaction by vibratory roller is the best method of compaction in case of (A) moist silty sand (B) well graded dry sand (C) clay of medium compressibility (D) silt of high compressibility Two series of compaction tests were performed in the laboratory on an inorganic clayey soil employing two different levels of compaction energy per unit volume of soil. With regard to the above tests, the following two statements are made. I The optimum moisture content is expected to be more for the tests with higher energy. II The maximum dry density is expected to be more for the tests with higher energy. The CORRECT option evaluating the above statements is (A) Only I is TRUE (B) Only II is TRUE (C) Both I and II are TRUE (D) Neither I nor II is TRUE Following statements are made on compacted soils, wherein DS stands for the soils compacted on dry side of optimum moisture content and WS stands for the soils compacted on wet side ofoptimum moisture content. Identify the incorrect statement. (A) Soil structure is flocculated onDS and dispersed on WS. (B) Construction pore water pressure is low on DS and high on WS. (C)On drying, shrinkage is high on DS and low on WS. (D)On access to water, swelling is high on DS and low on WS.

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For conducting a Standard Proctor Compaction Test, the weight of hammer (P in kg), the fall of hammer (Q in mm), the number of blows per layer (R) and the number of layers(S) required are respectively

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Sub: Geotechnical Engineering
P 5.89 4.89 3.60 2.60 Q 550 450 310 310 R 50 25 35 25 S 3 3 4 3

Topic: Compaction

(a) (b) (c) (d) 8.

Sheep-foot rollers are recommended for compacting (a) Granular soils (b) Cohesive soils (c) Hard rock (d) any type of soil

Codes: A B C D e) 4 2 1 3 f) 3 1 2 4 g) 4 1 2 3 h) 3 2 1 4

11. In a compaction test if the compacting effort is increased, it will result in (a)Increase in maximum dry density and OMC (b)Increase in maximum dry density but OMC remains unchanged (c)Increase in maximum dry density and decrease in OMC (d)No change in maximum dry density but decrease in OMC 12. Match List-I (Equipment) with ListII(Use) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. Vibratory rollers B. Sheep foot rollers C. Frog hammers D. Vibrofloats List-II 1. To compact soils in confined areas and at corners 2. To compact road and railway embankments of sandy soils 3. To densify sandy soils over a large area and to a larger depth 4. To compact clayey soil fills Codes: i) j) k) l) A B C D 4 2 1 3 4 2 3 1 2 4 1 3 2 4 3 1

9.

Match List-I(Flow type) with List-II (Flow characteristics) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. Transient flow B. Turbulent flow C. Steady-state flow D. Laminar flow List-II 1. Seepage flow is a function of time 2. Hydraulic gradient with square of velocity 3. Flow at low velocity 4. Governing equation in 2-D is

a) b) c) d)

Codes: A B C D 1 2 4 3 3 2 1 4 1 2 3 4 2 1 4 3

10. Match List-I (Roller type) with List-II (Soil type) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. Pneumatic roller B. Smooth Wheeled roller C. Sheep foot roller D. Vibratory roller List-II 1. Cohesive and granular soils 2. Plastic soils of moderate cohesion 3. Cohesionless soils 4.Silty soils of low plasticity

13. Soil is compacted at which one of the following when a higher compactive effort produces highest increase in dry density? (a) Optimum water content (b)Dry side of the optimum moisture content (c)Wet side of the OMC. (d)Saturation moisture content

14. Assertion (A) The clay core an earthdam is usually compacted on the wet side of OMC.

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Sub: Geotechnical Engineering
Reason (R). Compaction on the wet side of OMC reduces permeability and prevents cracking in core. Codes: (a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are true but R in not a correct explanation of A (c) A is true nut r is false (d) A is false but R is true 15. Match Lists-I (Equipment) with List-II (Purpose) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. Sheep foot rollers B. Frog hammer C. Vibratory roller List-II 1. To densify cohesion less soils to relatively larger depths 2. To compact lumpy cohesive soil fills 3. To compact soils at corners and places which bigger rollers cannot access 4. To compact cohesionless soils of shallow depth Codes: A B C m) 4 1 2 n) 2 1 4 o) 4 3 2 p) 2 3 4 16. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. Smooth wheel rollers B. Sheep foot rollers C. Pneumatic tyred rollers D. Rammers List-II 1. Most suitable for compacting cohesive soils 2. Most suited for compacting coarse grained soils 3.Used for compacting soils in continued places 4. Suitable for both cohesionless soils of shallow depth Codes: A B C D q) 4 3 2 1 r) 2 1 4 3 s) 4 1 2 3 t) 2 3 4 1 17. Match List-I (Type of soil) with List-II (Compaction equipment) and select the

Topic: Compaction
correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. Wet clays and silts B. Crushed rock C. Fill soils D. Sands List-II 1. Smooth wheel rollers 2. Vibrators 3. Pneumatic tyred rollers 4. Grid rollers Codes: A B C D u) 4 2 3 1 v) 3 1 4 2 w) 4 1 3 2 x) 3 2 4 1 18. The following soils are compacted at the same compactive effort in the field. Which one of the following is the correct sequence in the increasing order of their maximum dry density? (a) Silty clay – Clay – Sand - Gravel sand clay mixture (b) Sand- Gravel sand clay mixture – Silty clay-Clay (c) Clay-Silty clay –Sand – Gravel sand clay mixture (d) Sand –Gravel sand clay mixture – Clay –Silty clay 19. Consider the following statements: On addition of lime to a clay soil, generally 1. MDD and strength both increase 2. MDD decreases but strength increases 3. MDD and OMC both increase Which of these statements is correct? (a) 1 only (b)2 only (c) 3 only (d)None of these

20. An increase in compaction effort will lead to which of the following? (a) Decrease in both the optimum moisture content (OMC) and maximum dry density (b) Decrease in the optimum moisture content (OMC) and increase in the maximum dry density. (c) Increase in the optimum moisture content (OMC) and decreases in the maximum dry density. (d) Increase in both optimum moisture content (OMC) and maximum dry density.

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Sub: Geotechnical Engineering
21. In laboratory compaction tests, the optimum moisture content of soil decreases (a) with increases of compaction energy and with decrease of coarse grains in the soil (b) with decrease of compaction energy and with increase of coarse grains in the soil (c) with increase of both compaction energy and coarse grains in the soil (d) with decrease of both compaction energy and coarse grains in the soil. 22. Consider the following: 1. Increase in shear strength and bearing capacity 2. Increase in slope stability 3. Decrease in settlement of soil 4. Decrease in permeability which of the above with respect to compaction of soil is/are correct? (a)1 only (b)1 and 2 only (c)2 and 3 only (d)1, 2, 3 and 4 23. When the compaction energy increases the compaction of soils: (a) Both of OMC and maximum dry density decrease (b) Both of OMC and maximum dry density increase (c) OMC decreases but maximum dry density increases (d) OMC increases but maximum dry density decreases 24. Assertion (A): The efficiency of the sheeps foot roller depends on the weight of the roller and the number of ‘feet’ in contact with the ground at a time. Reason (R): Sheeps foot rollers are considered most suitable for compacting clayey soils. Codes: (a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are true but R in not a correct explanation of A (c) A is true nut r is false (d) A is false but R is true

Topic: Compaction
Codes: (a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are true but R in not a correct explanation of A (c) A is true nut r is false (d) A is false but R is true 26. In a compaction test, as the compaction effort is increased, the optimum moisture content a) Decreases b) Remain same c) Increases d) Increases first there after decreases 27. In a standard proctor test, 1.8kg of moist soil was filling the mould (volume=944Cc) after compaction. A soil sample weighing 23g was taken from mould and over dried for 24 hours at a temperature of C weight of the dry sample was found to be 20g. Specific gravity of soil solids is a=2.7. the theoretical maximum value of the dry unit weight of the soil at that water content is equal to a) 4.67KN/ b) 11.5KN/ c) 16.26KN/ d) 18.85KN/

28. In a compaction test, G, W, S, and e represent the specific gravity, water content, degree of saturation and void ratio of the soil sample respectively. If represents unit weight of water and represents the dry unit weight of the soil, the equation for zero-air voids line is a) b) c) =

25. Assertion (A): In a compaction test at and OMC, the degree of saturation in never 100%. Reason (R): It is not possible to expel all the air entrapped in soil by compaction

d) 29. A compaction of an embankment is carried out in 300mm thick horizontal layers. The rammer used for compaction has the foot of area 0.05 sq.m. The energy developed per drop of the hammer is 40 kg-m. Assuming 50% more energy I each pass due to overlap, calculate the number of passes required to develop compactive energy equivalent to Indian standard (light compaction for each layer).

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Sub: Geotechnical Engineering
30. Match List-I (Equipment) with ListII(Use) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. Vibratory rollers B. Sheep foot rollers C. Frog hammers D. Vibrofloats List-II 1. To compact soils in confined areas and at corners 2. To compact road and railway embankments of sandy soils 3. To densify sandy soils over a large area and to a larger depth 4. To compact clayey soil fills Codes: A B C D (a) 4 2 1 3 (b) (c) 4 2 2 4 4 3 1 3 1 3 1

Topic: Compaction

(d ) 2

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