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Sub: Geotechnical Engineering

Topic : Foundation Engineering

MODULE- 54B
Deep foundationspile types, dynamic &static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands &clays, negative skin friction.
______________________________________________________________________________________ 1. For the (3 3) pile group shown in the figure, the settlement of pile group, in a normally consolidated clay stratum having properties as shown in the figure, will be 3. Negative skin friction in a soil is considered when the pile is constructed through a (a) fill material (b) dense coarse sand (c) over consolidated stiff clay (d) dense fine sand For the soil profile shown in figure below, the minimum number of precast concrete piles of 300 mm diameter required to safety carry the load for a given factor of safety of 2.5 (assuming 100% efficiency for the pile group) is equal to

4.

(b) (d)

12.775 mm none of these 5.

(a)

10 (b) 15 (c)

20

(d)

25

A group of 16 piles of 10 m length and 0.5 diameter is installed in a 10 m thick stiff clay layer underlain by rock. The pile-soil adhesion factor is 0.4; average shear strength of soil on the side on the sides is 100 kPa; undrained shear strength of the soil at the base is also 100 kPa. A) The base resistance of single pile is (a) 40.00 kN (b) 88.35 kN (c) 100.00 kN (d) 176.71 kN B) Assuming 100% efficiency, the group side resistance is (a) 5026.5 kN (b) 10000.0 kN (c) 10053.1 kN(d) 20106.0 kN

What is the ultimate capacity in kN of the pile group sown in the figure assuming the group to fail asa single block ?

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Sub: Geotechnical Engineering

6. A pile of 0.50m diameter and length 10m is embedded in a deposit of clay. The undrained strength parameters of the clay are cohesion = 60kN/m2 and the angle in internal friction = 0. The skin friction capacity (kN) of the pile for an adhesion factor of 0.6, is (A) 671 (B) 565 (C) 283 (D) 106 A precast concrete pile is driven with a 50kN hammer falling through a height of 1.0m with an efficiency of 0.6. The set value observed is 4mm per blow and the combined temporary compression of the pile, cushion and the ground is 6mm. As per Modified Hiley Formula, the ultimate resistance of the pile is (A) 3000kN (B) 4285.7kN (C) 8.333kN (D) 11905kN Examine the test arrangement and the soil properties given below

Topic : Foundation Engineering

(C) 722.5 kN (D) 1400kN 10. A singly under-reamed, 8-m long, RCC pile (shown in the adjoining figure) weighing 20 kN with 350 mm shaft diameter and 750 mm under-ream diameter is installed within stiff, saturated silty clay (undrained shear strength is 50 kPa, adhesion factor is 0.3, and the applicable bearing capacity factor is 9) to counteract the impact of soil swelling on a structure constructed above. Neglecting suction and the contribution of the underream to the adhesive shaft capacity, what would be the estimated ultimate tensile capacity (rounded off to the nearest integer value of kN) of the pile?

7.

8.

a) The maximum pressure that can be applied with a factor of safety of 3 through the concrete block, ensuring no bearing capacity failure in soil using Terzaghi's bearing capacity equation without considering the shape factor, depth factor and inclination factor is (A) 26.67kPa (B) 60kPa (C) 90kPa (D) 120kPa b) The maximum resistance offered by the soil through skin friction while pulling out the pile from the ground is (A) 104.9kN (B) 209.8kN (C) 236kN (D) 472kN 9. The ultimate load capacity of a 10 m long concrete pile of square cross section 500 mm x 500 mm driven into a homogeneous clay layer having undrained cohesion value of 40 kPa is 700 kN. If the cross section of the pile is reduced to 250 mm X 250 mm and the length of the pile is increased to 20 m, the ultimate load capacity will be (A) 350 kN (B) 632.5 kN

(B) 156 kN (D) 301 kN

11. Consider the following statements regarding negative skin friction in piles: 1) It is developed when the pile is driven through a recently deposited clay layer. 2) It is developed when the pile is driven through a layer of dense sand. 3) It is developed due to a sudden drawn down of the water table. Which of these statements is/are correct? a) c) 1 alone 2 and 3 b) 2 alone d) 1 and 3

12. Match List-I(soil property measured) with List-II(in-situ test) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I

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Sub: Geotechnical Engineering

A. B. C. D. 1. 2. 3. 4. Modulus of sub grade reaction Relative density and strength Skin friction and point bearing Elastic constants List-II Cyclic pile load test Pressuremeter test Plate load test Standard penetration test Codes: A B C D a) 1 3 2 4 b) 1 2 4 3 c) 2 4 1 3 d) 3 4 1 2

Topic : Foundation Engineering

c) 10.55t d) 6.35t

16. Consider the following statements regarding under reamed piles: 1. They are used in expansive soils. 2. They are of precast reinforced concrete. 3. The ratio of bulb to shaft diameter is usually 2 to 3. 4. Minimum spacing between the piles should not be less than 1.5 times the bulb diameter. Which of these statements are correct? a) 1,2 and 3 b) 1,3 and 4 d) 1, 2 and 4

c) 2, 3 and 4 13. Assertion (A): bearing capacity of an under-reamed pile is less than that of a straight bored pile of the same diameter. Reason(R): under-reamed piles have enlarged bulbs. Codes: a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A c) A is true but R is false d) A is false but R is true 14. Assertion (A): negative skin friction will act on piles in filled up soils, which should be considered in design of pile foundations. Reason(R): the filled up soils start consolidating and develop a drag force on the pile. Codes: a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A c) A is true but R is false d) A is false but R is true 15. A 30cm diameter friction pile is embedded 10m into a homogeneous consolidated deposit. Unit adhesion developed between clay and pile shaft is 4 t/ and adhesion factor is 0.7. the safe load for factor of safety 2.5 will be a) 21.50t b) 11.57t

17. Minimum center to center spacing of friction piles of diameter (D) as per BIS code is a) 1.5D b) 2D c) 2.5D d) 3D 18. In the engineering news record formula for determining the safe load carrying capacity of a pile, the factor of safety used is a) 2.5 b) 3 c) 4 d) 6

19. In the case of a pile foundation, negative skin friction may occur at a load which is a) Lower than the designed load b) Higher than the designed load c) Equal to the designed load d) Of any magnitude 20. In under-reamed pile construction, the ratio of shaft diameter to bulb diameter is a) 1/1.5 b) 1/2 c) 1/ 2.5 d) 1/ 4

21. Match List-I (field test) with List-II (property) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. Pumping test B. Plate load test C. Pile load test List-II 1. Bearing capacity

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Sub: Geotechnical Engineering

2. 3. Load carrying capacity Permeability Codes: A B C a) 1 2 3 b) 3 1 2 c) 2 3 1 d) 3 2 1

Topic : Foundation Engineering

25. Skin frictional capacities of a 40cm diameter driven concrete pile for the portions A, B and C are 17KN. 63KN and 503KN respectively, and point load capacity is 11000KN/ total pile load capacity will be a) 3743KN b) 2864KN d) 1529KN

22. A single pile, 50cm in diameter and 15m long is driven in clay having an average unconfined compressive strength of 100KN/ . The ultimate bearing capacity of the pile, neglecting end bearing, if any, and assuming shear mobilization factor of 0.8 around the pile is a) 942KN b) 1884KN c) 1177.5KN d) 1334.5KN

c) 1965KN

26. Match List-I (type of foundation) with List-II ( type of soil) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. Floating piles B. Micro piles C. Combined footing D. Under-reamed piles List-II 1. 2. 3. 4. Closed spaced columns resting on compressible soil Expansive soils Deep soft clays Loose sands Codes: A B C D a) 2 1 4 3 b) 2 4 1 3 c) 3 1 4 2 d) 3 4 1 2

23. Match List-I ( method of estimating pile capacity) with List-II ( parameter to be estimated) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. Dynamic formulae B. Static formulae C. Pile load test D. Cyclic pile load test List-II 1. Bearing capacity of cast-in-situ concrete pile 2. Separating end-bearing and friction powers of a pile 3. Bearing capacity of a timber pile 4. Settlement of a friction bearing pile Codes: A B C D a) 3 1 4 2 b) 4 2 3 1 c) 3 2 4 1 d) 4 1 3 2 24. For designing end bearing piles of square cross-section in clays having average confined compressive strength of 6t/ , the net ultimate bearing capacity may be taken as a) 15t/ b) 18t// c) 20t/ d) 27t/

27. A square pile of section 30cm 30cm and length 10m penetrates a deposit of clay having C=5KN/ and the mobilizing factor m=0.8. What is the load carried by the pile by skin friction only? a) 192KN b) 75KN c) 60KN d) 48KN

28. Consider the following statements: 1. Pile foundations are usually provided when loads coming on the foundation are quite large. Such piles may often extend up to large depth below ground level. 2. Precast piles inserted into the holes bored at the site do not get damaged while they are driven into the ground. Which of these statements is/are correct?

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Sub: Geotechnical Engineering

a) 1 only b) 2 only d) neither 1 nor 2

Topic : Foundation Engineering

Codes: A a) 4 b) 1 c) 4 d) 1

c) Both 1 and 2

29. Match List-I (type of foundation) with List-II (use of the foundation) and select the correct answer codes given below the lists: List-I A. Point bearing piles B. Sheet piles C. Compaction piles D. Batter piles List-II 1. To retain soil refilling 2. To transfer heavy loads to strong stratum below a weak stratum 3. To resist lateral loads 4. To density loose soils Codes: A a) b) c) d) 3 3 2 2 B 1 4 1 4 C 4 1 4 1 D 2 2 3 3

B 2 3 3 2

C 3 2 2 3

D 1 4 1 4

30. The load carrying capacity of an individual friction pile is 200KN. What is the total load carrying capacity of a group of 9 such piles with group efficiency factor of 0.8? a) 1800KN b) 1640KN c) 1440KN d) 900KN

31. Match List-I (type of pile) with List-II (situation for use) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. End bearing pile B. Pedestal pile C. Friction pile D. Sand piles List-II 1. When weak foundation soil is to be compacted 2. When foundation is granular 3. When foundation soil is relatively weak 4. When hard formation or rock is at a shallow depth

c) Only 2 and 3

34. Which of the following types of piles is likely to have the highest load capacity in compression? a) Driven pre-cast concrete pile b) Pre-cast pile placed in a pre-drilled bore c) Driven steel pipe pile d) Steel pipe pile placed in a pre-drilled bore 35. What is the value of negative skin friction for a group of piles of 30cm diameter, 5m long and spaced at 80cm c/c and having

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Sub: Geotechnical Engineering

cohesive strength of soil as 25KN/ / (neglect bottom contribution in bearing capacity) a) 925KN b) 950KN c) 975KN d) 1000KN

Topic : Foundation Engineering

b) 1 c) 4 d) 1 3 3 2 4 1 4 2 2 3

36. Match List-I (foundation) with List-II (demanding situation) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. Under-reamed piles B. Floating rafts C. Combined footing D. Strap footing List-II 1. To restrict settlement of soft clays/silts 2. To transfer the moment in between two adjacent footings 3. To restrict damages due to volume changes of swelling soils 4. When columns are very close to the property line Codes: A B C D a) 3 2 4 1 b) 4 1 3 2 c) 4 2 3 1 d) 3 1 4 2 37. Match List-I (method) with List-II (suitability) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. Static formulae B. Dynamic formulae C. Static pile load test D. Cyclic pile load test List-II 1. To estimate allowable load for permissible settlement for a pile 2. To separate point bearing and friction bearing capacities of a pile 3. To estimate allowable load for driven piles in granular soils 4. To estimate allowable load for bored piles in clays Codes: A B C D a) 4 2 1 3

38. Consider the following statements: 1. Piles are provided in groups, which are connected together by a pile cap. The structure rests on top of the pile cap. The structure rests on top of the pile cap. The pile cap is situated below the ground level. 2. For situations where pile is subjected to upward pull, pedestal piles or under-reamed piles are more suitable type of foundations. Which of these statements is/are correct? a) 1 only b) 2 only d) neither 1 nor 2

c) Both 1 and 2

39. Consider the following statements: 1. Under-reamed piles are designed as bearing piles 2. In multi-bulb under reamed piles, the bulbs are spaced at 1.5 to 2.0 times the diameter of the under ream, the centre of the first under ream being at a minimum depth of 1.75m. 3. The length of traditional underreamed pile ranges from 3m to 4m. Which of these statements is/are correct? a) 2 and 3 b) 1 and 2 d) 1 and 3

c) 2 only 40.

Consider the following statements: 1. Friction piles are also called floating piles 2. Minimum number of piles to quality as a pile group is three 3. The group efficiency of a pile group may be either less than 100% or more than 100% Which of these statements are correct? a) 1,2 and 3 b) 1 and 2 only b) 2 and 3 only d) 1 and 3 only