is dependent on the object magnification. The objective lens or mirror collects light and brings it to focus creating an image. The eyepiece is placed near the focal point of the objective to magnify this image. SELF TIMER: A mechanical or electronic feature that delays the camera shutter from firing so the user can step into the picture. so that it opens to capture a picture. a flash unit. DEPTH OF FIELD PREVIEW: the distance range which is covered by the in-focus field . or ocular lens. This can be used for special effects such as shooting the same person so they appear twice in the same photo. In photography. a light meter is often used to determine the proper exposure for a photograph. It is so named because it is usually the lens that is closest to the eye when someone looks through the device. It also helps in ensuring that the film is properly loaded. as opposed to a mechanical shutter. The amount of light that reaches the film or image sensor is proportional to the exposure time. When pressed. A light meter is a device used to measure the amount of light. HOT SHOE CONTACT : A hot shoe is a mounting point on the top of a camera to attach a flash count unit and other compatible accessories FRAME COUNTER : A frame counter or exposure counter is a mechanism for recording the number of film frames exposed or for calculating the number of exposures remaining on a roll of film MULTIPLE EXPOSURES: A technique where several pictures are exposed on one frame of film. FILM REWIND KNOB: The film rewind knob on a camera is used to rewind the film back into its cassette after the photographer is done. is a type of lens that is attached to a variety of optical devices such as telescopes and microscopes. and then closes. FILM CARTRIDGE COMPARTMENT: Compartment where the film role is placed FILM RAIL GUIDE : guides the film as it goes through the camera SPROCKET : use to load the film in a proper manner FILM PRESSURE PLATE : holds the film in between the inner rail and presses in down so that it is relatively flat FILM CARTRIDGE DISPLAY WINDOW: a small display window from where the cartridge is visible LIGHT PREVENTIVE SPONGE : it is around the film cartridge display window and prevents light from exposing the film LOCK: locks the film inside the camera . FORK : Place that holds the film EYE PIECE: An eyepiece. Some cameras also utilize an electronic shutter. allowing an exposure time as determined by the shutter speed setting (which may be automatic). SHUTTER SPEED DIAL: shutter speed or exposure time is the length of time a camera's shutter is open when taking a photograph. The button is responsible for releasing the lens from the body to facilitate removal. LENS RELAEASE BUTTON: The lens-release button on a single lens reflex (SLR) camera is a structural component in the camera body itself. TRIPOD SOCKET: a tripod is used to stabilize and elevate a camera. the shutter of the camera is "released". EXPOSURE MEASUREMENT BUTTON: exposure is the amount of light allowed to fall on each area unit of a photographic medium (photographic film or image sensor) during the process of taking a photograph. or other photographic equipment. used to take a picture.                    SHUTTER RELEASE BUTTON: the shutter-release button (sometimes just shutter release or shutter button) is a push-button found on many cameras.

Now you can take the paper out of the fixer and drain it. Now gently dry . As a guide ten seconds should be long enough with the lens set at f/8. Once you are done placing your objects. 3. Next. arrange your objects on the paper. 4.A piece of photographic paper -Light source -A dark room -A tray with developer -A tray with stop bath -A tray with fixer -A timer 1. After you drain the developer from the paper. 5. With the lights out and the safelight on. 6. 2. Switch the enlarger on and expose for the time determined by the test strip. You can turn the light on after a minute.PROCESS OF A PHOTOGRAM Equipments required: . washing is important because you want to remove the exhausted chemicals which are left on the paper to cause image deterioration. 8. Carefully take the objects off the paper. put it in the stop bath for 30 seconds. now you can put your paper into the developer tray. Stop bath is to halt the chemical from the developer. you can put the paper into fixer. meaning that the image would stay the same as you see now. After fixation. The purpose of fixer is to fix the image. at a safe distance. Set up the light source so that it covers an area bigger than the paper you are going to use. 7. Make sure that the developer covers entire paper.