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Acknowledgement

We are grateful to the Government of Rajasthan and its various departments for their contribution towards the successful completion of the study. Our special thanks to the Mr Rajesh Yadav, MD- RSLDC who gave his time for focused and intense discussions.

We acknowledge with gratitude the support provided by the Skill Training Institutions, NGOs, Industry Representatives and the youth of the state for their contribution towards the study.

We would like to thank the CII, Rajasthan Chapter for their active participation. The success of the study has been possible through their collaborative efforts.

In addition, we convey our gratitude to all those who have, in some way or other, contributed towards the successful completion of this study.

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Acronyms and Abbreviations
CII CMIE DRS FGD GDDP GSDP ITI ITC MSME NSDC NSDF RIICO RSLDC SSI TOR VTI Confederation of Indian Industries Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy Development and Research Services Private Ltd. Focus Group Discussion Gross District Domestic Product Gross State Domestic Product Industrial Training Institute Industrial Training Centre Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises National Skill Development Corporation National Skill Development Fund The Rajasthan State Industrial Development & Investment Corporation Ltd. Rajasthan Skill & Livelihood Development Corporation Small Scale Industries Terms of Reference Vocational Training Institute

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List of Figures & Tables
Figure 1 Incremental human resource requirement across high growth sectors till 2017 and 2022 in the state of Rajasthan ..................................................................................................................................... 37 Figure 2 Projected workforce distributions by 2017 ................................................................................ 37 Figure 3 Skilling initiatives across various departments in the state- a summary snapshot .................... 39 Figure 4 Status update of state skill development schemes .................................................................... 40 Figure 5 Preferred trades and the satisfaction levels post trainings among youths-primary survey....... 41 Figure 6 Action points for stakeholders of the study- a snapshot ............................................................ 43 Figure 7 Change in Population 2007-2020 (projected) ............................................................................. 46 Figure 8 Employment by Sectors - 2001 to 2015 (Projected) ................................................................... 46 Figure 9 Hypothesis on Skill Gap Assessment and Prediction .................................................................. 48 Figure 10 Snapshot of the study methodology and the implementation approach ................................ 50 Figure 11 Stratified (disproportionate) sampling for selection of industries ........................................... 51 Figure 12 Division of Rajasthan into seven clusters for survey ................................................................ 52 Figure 13 GSDP of Rajasthan (in $billion); source CMIE ........................................................................... 54 Figure 14 Break-up of sectors as per investment ..................................................................................... 54 Figure 15 Industries in the districts of Rajasthan...................................................................................... 56 Figure 16 MSME Units in Rajasthan .......................................................................................................... 57 Figure 17 Sectoral Investment for Resurgent Rajasthan .......................................................................... 57 Figure 18 Sectoral Employment till 2017- an estimate projected based on secondary sources .............. 58 Figure 19 Key sectors with proposed Skill requirement across sectors in Rajasthan ............................... 59 Figure 20 Skilling initiatives of states in India ........................................................................................... 62 Figure 21 SWOT of Vocational Education & Training Schemes ................................................................ 69 Figure 22 Region wise Government. &Private ITIs ................................................................................... 69 Figure 23 Number of Government. & Private ITIs in northern region states ........................................... 70 Figure 24 : Youths’ profile as respondents of primary survey_ Rajasthan ............................................... 70 Figure 25 Youths’ profile as respondents of primary survey_ Rajasthan ................................................. 71 Figure 26 Rajasthan’s Growth in terms of GSDP....................................................................................... 74 Figure 27 Rajasthan’s major industrial zones with industrial output ....................................................... 81 Figure 28 Incremental human resource requirement across Rajasthan’s high growth sectors by 2017 . 83 Figure 29 Projected workforce requirement in ideal circumstances to meet the growth targets of the state .......................................................................................................................................................... 84 Figure 30 : Current and future demand of workforce across sectors, an analysis from primary survey conducted across industries of the state .................................................................................................. 84 Figure 31 Average wage structure across sample industries of the state ................................................ 85 Figure 32. Skill scope in the state: From issue to outcome ...................................................................... 89 Figure 33 Action points for key players and enablers of the state ........................................................... 90 Figure 34. Recommended skilling organization structure led by a nodal agency .................................... 90 Figure 35 Recommended structure of the state for skill development.................................................... 91 Figure 36. Recommended district skill committee structure ................................................................... 91 Figure 37. Possible sector skill committees or councils in Rajasthan ....................................................... 92 Figure 38. Project Management structure and processes ........................................................................ 93 Figure 39. Recommended implementation structure for state skilling initiatives ................................... 93 3

Figure 40. Recommended state-level skill development framework ....................................................... 95 Figure 41. Recommended Integrated Virtual Labour Market .................................................................. 96 Figure 42. Incremental human resource requirement by 2017 in high-growth sectors; Skill deficit and surplus in 2017 as per projections .......................................................................................................... 100 Figure 43 Number of ITI & Polytechnic, 2009-10- Bikaner ..................................................................... 110 Figure 44 Factors influencing course selection and design- Government VTIs; Bikaner Sample ........... 112 Figure 45 Employment in Industrial set up Bikaner ................................................................................ 114 Figure 46 Projected units across sectors, employment & investment (Bikaner) ................................... 116 Figure 47 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Bikaner sample) ..................... 117 Figure 48 Present status of skilled workforce and demand for full time workers (Sample Bikaner) ..... 117 Figure 49 Requirement of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers across sample industries in Bikaner ................................................................................................................................................................ 117 Figure 50 Wages of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers (all full time) in the sample survey of Bikaner .................................................................................................................................................... 118 Figure 51 Workforce projections in skilled and semiskilled in 2011-12 & 2016-17 ............................... 118 Figure 52 Representation of Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend (sample survey) ......... 121 Figure 53 Youth Education Profile of sample.......................................................................................... 122 Figure 54 Profile of respondents (self-employed) by trade in sample of Bikaner .................................. 122 Figure 55 Profile of respondents (trainees) by trade in sample of Bikaner ............................................ 122 Figure 56 Bikaner Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group ....................................... 123 Figure 57 Income current and expected- sample group, Bikaner .......................................................... 123 Figure 58 Sample group satisfaction levels with income, Bikaner.......................................................... 124 Figure 59 Sample youths increment status, Bikaner .............................................................................. 124 Figure 60 Optimization plan- Bikaner Skill Eco-System 2017 ................................................................. 125 Figure 61 Number of ITI & Polytechnic, 2009-10- Jaipur ........................................................................ 129 Figure 62 Major trades offering placement in Government VTIs (sample survey-Jaipur) ..................... 131 Figure 63 Factors influencing course selection and design- Government VTIs ...................................... 132 Figure 64 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Jaipur) .................................... 137 Figure 65 Skilled workforce composition at various stages of the industries & Requirement of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers across sample industries in Jaipur .................................................. 137 Figure 66 Wages of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers (all full time) in the sample survey of Jaipur ....................................................................................................................................................... 138 Figure 67 Profile of respondents (self-employed and trained) by trade in sample of Jaipur ................. 142 Figure 68 Jaipur Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group.......................................... 142 Figure 69 Income current and expected- sample group, Jaipur ............................................................. 143 Figure 70 Optimization plan- Jaipur ........................................................................................................ 144 Figure 71 Number of institutes for higher education in Udaipur, 2009 ................................................. 149 Figure 72Factors influencing course selection and design of VTIs (Udaipur Sample Survey) ................ 151 Figure 73 Major trades offering placement in VTIs (Udaipur Sample Survey) ....................................... 152 Figure 74 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Sample Udaipur) .................... 155 Figure 75 Workforce composition across industries at various stages & the Present status of skilled workforce and attrition across workers (Sample Udaipur) .................................................................... 156

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Figure 76 Wages of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers (all full time) in the sample survey of Udaipur ................................................................................................................................................... 157 Figure 77 Youth Education Profile of sample in Udaipur ........................................................................ 160 Figure 78 Profile of respondents (self-employed, unemployed and trained) by trade in sample of Udaipur ................................................................................................................................................... 161 Figure 79 Udaipur Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group ...................................... 161 Figure 80 Optimization plan- Udaipur .................................................................................................... 162 Figure 81 Number of institutes for higher education in Jodhpur ........................................................... 166 Figure 82Factors influencing course selection and design of VTIs (Sample Survey) .............................. 168 Figure 83 Major trades offering placement in VTIs (Jodhpur Sample Survey) ....................................... 168 Figure 84 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Jodhpur) ................................ 171 Figure 85 Present status of workforce composition across industries (Sample Jodhpur) ...................... 171 Figure 86 Requirement of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers across sample industries in Jodhpur ................................................................................................................................................... 172 Figure 87Youth Education Profile of sample........................................................................................... 175 Figure 88 Jodhpur Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group ...................................... 176 Figure 89 Income current and expected- sample group, Jodhpur.......................................................... 176 Figure 90 Optimization plan- Jodhpur .................................................................................................... 177 Figure 91 Number of institutes for higher education in Alwar, 09 ......................................................... 181 Figure 92 Factors influencing course selection and design of VTIs (Alwar Sample Survey) ................... 183 Figure 93 Major trades offering placement in VTIs (Alwar Sample Survey) ........................................... 184 Figure 94 81 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Alwar) ............................... 186 Figure 95 Present status of skilled workforce and attrition across workers (Sample Alwar) ................. 187 Figure 96 Requirement of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers across sample industries in Alwar ................................................................................................................................................................ 187 Figure 97 : Wages of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers (all full time) in the sample survey of Alwar ....................................................................................................................................................... 188 Figure 98 Youth Education Profile of sample in Alwar ........................................................................... 191 Figure 99 Profile of respondents (self-employed and trained) by trade in sample of Alwar ................. 191 Figure 100 Alwar Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group ........................................ 192 Figure 101 Income current and expected- sample group, Alwar ........................................................... 192 Figure 102 Optimization plan- Alwar ...................................................................................................... 193 Figure 103 Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI & Polytechnic, 2009-10- Churu ........................................ 197 Figure 104 Churu district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government and private VTIs ................................................................................................................................................................ 199 Figure 105 Facilities and Infrastructure availability in sampled VTIs, Churu district .............................. 200 Figure 106 MSME trend analysis of the district Churu ........................................................................... 201 Figure 107Status of skilled, semi-skilled workforce and unskilled workforce across sectors (Sample Churu) at various stages (initial, current and required) ......................................................................... 204 Figure 108 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Churu) ................................ 205 Figure 109 Status of workforce in terms of initial, current and required strength across sample industries of Churu.................................................................................................................................. 206 Figure 110 Profile of respondents (self-employed and unemployed) by trade in sample of Churu ...... 210

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Figure 111 Churu Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group ....................................... 211 Figure 112 Income current and expected- sample group, Churu ........................................................... 211 Figure 113 Optimization plan- Churu Skill Eco-system 2017 .................................................................. 212 Figure 114 Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI & Polytechnic, 2009-10- Jalore ........................................ 216 Figure 115 Jalore district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government and private VTIs ................................................................................................................................................................ 218 Figure 116 MSME trend analysis of the district Jalore ........................................................................... 220 Figure 117 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Jalore) .................................. 222 Figure 118 Status of workforce in terms of initial, current and required strength across sample industries of Jalore .................................................................................................................................. 223 Figure 119 Profile of respondents (trainee, self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Jalore ....................................................................................................................................................... 226 Figure 120 Optimization plan- Skill Development Eco System-Jalore .................................................... 227 Figure 121 Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI & Polytechnic, 2009-10- Kota .......................................... 232 Figure 122 Kota district’s (sample study) courses offered placements (in %) in government and private VTIs .......................................................................................................................................................... 234 Figure 123 MSME trend analysis of the district-Kota ............................................................................. 236 Figure 124 Status of skilled, semi-skilled workforce and unskilled workforce across sectors (Sample Kota) at various stages (initial, current and required) ............................................................................ 239 Figure 125 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Kota) .................................... 239 Figure 126 Status of workforce in terms of initial, current and required strength across sample industries of Kota .................................................................................................................................... 240 Figure 127 Profile of respondents (self-employed and unemployed) by trade in sample of Kota ........ 243 Figure 128 Kota Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group .......................................... 244 Figure 129 Income current and expected- sample group,Kota .............................................................. 244 Figure 130 Optimization plan- Kota Skill Eco-system 2017 .................................................................... 245 Figure 131 Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI & Polytechnic, 2009-10- Nagaur ..................................... 249 Figure 132 Nagaur district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government and private VTIs ................................................................................................................................................................ 251 Figure 133 Nagaur district’s (sample study) courses enrolment status of government and private VTIs ................................................................................................................................................................ 252 Figure 134 MSME trend analysis of the district Nagaur ......................................................................... 254 Figure 135 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers-Nagaur .................................. 257 Figure 136 Status of workforce in terms of initial, current and required strength & sectors across sample industries of Nagaur ................................................................................................................... 258 Figure 137 Profile of respondents (trainee, self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Nagaur ..................................................................................................................................................... 261 Figure 138 Nagaur Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group...................................... 262 Figure 139 Income current and expected- sample group, Nagaur ........................................................ 262 Figure 140 Optimization plan- Skill Development Eco System-Nagaur .................................................. 263 Figure 141 - Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI & Polytechnic, 2009-10- Rajsamand .............................. 267 Figure 142 Rajsamand district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government and private VTIs .......................................................................................................................................................... 269

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Figure 143 : Facilities and Infrastructure availability in sampled VTIs, Rajsamand .............................. 270 Figure 144 MSME trend analysis of the district Rajsamand ................................................................... 271 Figure 145 Status of skilled, semi-skilled workforce and unskilled workforce across sectors (Sample Rajsamand) at various stages (initial, current and required) ................................................................. 273 Figure 146 Status of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled across sectors (Sample Rajsamand) at various stages (initial, current and required) ...................................................................................................... 273 Figure 147 : Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Rajsamand) ........................ 274 Figure 148 Requirement of skilled, unskilled and semiskilled workers in survey (Rajsamand) ............. 274 Figure 149 Current percentage of skilled, unskilled and semi-skilled works across sectors in sample survey (Rajsamand) ................................................................................................................................. 275 Figure 150 Profile of respondents (trainees, self-employed and unemployed) by trade in sample of Rajsamand............................................................................................................................................... 278 Figure 151 Rajsamand Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group ............................... 279 Figure 152 Rajsamand Youth’s expectation as salary- Sample Group .................................................... 279 Figure 153 Optimization plan- Rajsamand Skill Eco-system 2017 .......................................................... 280 Figure 154 Dungarpur District Profile- a snapshot ................................................................................. 284 Figure 155 Dungarpur vs. Rajasthan education status .......................................................................... 285 Figure 156 Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI & Polytechnic, 2009-10- Dungarpur................................. 285 Figure 157 Courses offered in government and private VTIs ................................................................. 286 Figure 158 Dungarpurdistrict’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government VTIs........ 287 Figure 159 MSME trend analysis of the district Dungarpur.................................................................... 288 Figure 160 Workforce engagement under various stages and the percentage of required strength of workers (Dungarpur sample) .................................................................................................................. 290 Figure 161 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Dungarpur) ......................... 291 Figure 162 Profile of respondents (trainee, self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Dungarpur ............................................................................................................................................... 295 Figure 163 Dungarpur Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group ................................ 295 Figure 164 . Income current and expected- sample group, Dungarpur ................................................. 296 Figure 165 Optimization plan- Skill Development Eco System-Dungarpur ............................................ 297 Figure 166 Bundi district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government and private VTIs ................................................................................................................................................................ 302 Figure 167 Bundi district’s (sample study) various trade’s aspirant strength over a period in ITI & ITC 303 Figure 168 Industries in services and other sectors of the district, DIC-2008 ........................................ 304 Figure 169 MSME trend analysis of the district Bundi, DIC 2012 ........................................................... 304 Figure 170 Sector wise mapping of industries in Bundi as per DIC report, 2007 ................................... 305 Figure 171 Status of skilled, semi-skilled workforce and unskilled workforce across sectors (Sample Bundi) at various stages (initial, current and required) .......................................................................... 307 Figure 172 Employers demands in terms of expectations fom workers (Bundi).................................... 308 Figure 173 Status of workforce in terms of initial, current and required strength across sample industries of Bundi .................................................................................................................................. 308 Figure 174 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary, secondary and tertiary sectors Bundi.............................................................................................................................. 309 Figure 175 Workforce across various sectors by 2017-Bundi................................................................. 310

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Figure 176 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 310 Figure 177 Youth Profile of sample in Bundi .......................................................................................... 312 Figure 178 Profile of respondents (self-employed and unemployed) by trade in sample of Bundi....... 312 Figure 179 Bundi Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group ........................................ 313 Figure 180 Income current and expected- sample group, Bundi ........................................................... 313 Figure 181 Optimization plan- Bundi Skill Eco-system 2017................................................................... 314 Figure 182 Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI -2009-10,Tonk ................................................................. 318 Figure 183 - Tonk district’s (sample study) courses placement percentage and average salary; enrolment status in the sampled VTIs .................................................................................................... 320 Figure 184 MSME trend analysis of the district Tonk ............................................................................. 321 Figure 185 Workforce engagement in the industries across sectors categorized at various stages of the industry life cycle (Sample survey- Tonk) ............................................................................................... 323 Figure 186 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers-Tonk...................................... 324 Figure 187 Status of workforce in terms of initial, current and required strength & sectors across sample industries of Tonk ....................................................................................................................... 324 Figure 188 Projected labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across sectors-Tonk ................................................................................................................................................................ 325 Figure 189 Workforce across various sectors by 2017- Tonk ................................................................. 326 Figure 190 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce gap 2011-2017 .. 327 Figure 191 Profile of respondents (trainee, self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Tonk ........................................................................................................................................................ 328 Figure 192 Tonk Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group ......................................... 328 Figure 193 Optimization plan- Skill Development Eco System-Tonk ...................................................... 329 Figure 194 Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI & Polytechnic, 2009-10- Sawai Madhopur...................... 333 Figure 195 Sawai Madhopur district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in VTIs and average (avg) salary offered ................................................................................................................................. 335 Figure 196 MSME trend analysis of the district Sawai Madhopur ......................................................... 336 Figure 197 Sector wise mapping of industries in Sawai Madhopur as per DIC report, 2007 ................. 337 Figure 198 Workforce engagement under various stages and required strength of workers across sectors surveyed (Sawai Madhopur sample) .......................................................................................... 338 Figure 199 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Sawai Madhopur) ................ 339 Figure 200 Expected year wise requirement of workforce and current break up of workforce across industries surveyed (Sample)- Sawai Madhopur .................................................................................... 340 Figure 201 Projected percentage of workforce (demand) requirement till 2017 across primary, secondary and tertiary sectors-Sawai Madhopur................................................................................... 340 Figure 202 Workforce across various sectors by 2017- Sawai Madhopur.............................................. 341 Figure 203 Profile of respondents (trainee, self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Sawai Madhopur ..................................................................................................................................... 343 Figure 204 Sawai Madhopur Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group ...................... 343 Figure 205 Optimization plan- Skill Development Eco System-Sawai Madhopur .................................. 344 Figure 206 Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI & Polytechnic, Dholpur .................................................... 349 Figure 207 Dholpur district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in VTIs and average (avg) salary offered .................................................................................................................................................... 351

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Figure 208 Investment in terms of power in Dhaulpur region of Rajasthan .......................................... 352 Figure 209 MSME trend analysis of the district Dhaulpur ...................................................................... 353 Figure 210 Sector wise mapping of industries in Dhaulpur as per DIC report, 2007.............................. 354 Figure 211 . Workforce engagement under various stages and required strength of workers across sectors surveyed (Dhaulpur sample) ...................................................................................................... 355 Figure 212 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Dholpur) .............................. 356 Figure 213 : Expected year wise requirement of workforce and current break up of workforce across industries surveyed (Sample)- Dhaulpur ................................................................................................ 356 Figure 214 Projected percentage of workforce (demand) requirement till 2017 across primary, secondary and tertiary sectors-Dhaulpur ............................................................................................... 357 Figure 215 Workforce across various sectors by 2017- Dhaulpur .......................................................... 358 Figure 216 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 358 Figure 217 Profile of respondents (trainee, self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Dhaulpur ................................................................................................................................................. 359 Figure 218 Dhaulpur Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group .................................. 360 Figure 219 Optimization plan- Skill Development Eco System-Dhaulpur ............................................... 361 Figure 220 Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI & Polytechnic, Sri Ganganagar ........................................ 368 Figure 221 Sri Ganganagar district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in VTIs and average (avg) salary offered ................................................................................................................................. 370 Figure 222 MSME trend analysis of the district Sri Ganganagar ............................................................ 371 Figure 223 Sector wise mapping of industries in Sri Ganganagar as per DIC report, 2007 .................... 372 Figure 224 Workforce engagement under various stages and required strength of workers across sectors surveyed (Sri Ganganagar sample) ............................................................................................. 373 Figure 225 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Sri Ganganagar) ................... 374 Figure 226 : Expected year wise requirement of workforce and current break up of workforce across industries surveyed (Sample)- Sri Ganganagar ....................................................................................... 375 Figure 227 Profile of respondents (trainee, self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Sri Ganganagar ........................................................................................................................................ 378 Figure 228 Sri Ganganagar Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group ......................... 379 Figure 229 Optimization plan- Skill Development Eco System-Sri Ganganagar ..................................... 380 Figure 230 Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI & Polytechnic, Hanumangarh.......................................... 384 Figure 231 Hanumangarh district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in VTIs and average (avg) salary offered .......................................................................................................................................... 386 Figure 232 -Number of trainees from private VTIs (year wise)- Hanumangarh Sample ........................ 386 Figure 233 MSME trend analysis of the district Hanumangarh .............................................................. 387 Figure 234 Workforce engagement under various stages and required strength of workers across sectors surveyed (Hanumangarh sample) .............................................................................................. 389 Figure 235 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Hanumangarh) .................... 390 Figure 236 : Expected year wise requirement of workforce and current break up of workforce across industries surveyed (Sample)- Hanumangarh ........................................................................................ 391 Figure 237 Profile of respondents (trainee, self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Hanumangarh ......................................................................................................................................... 394 Figure 238 Hanumangarh Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group .......................... 395

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Figure 239 Optimization plan- Skill Development Eco System-Hanumangarh ....................................... 396 Figure 240 Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI & Polytechnic, 2009-10- Sirohi ......................................... 400 Figure 241 Sirohi district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government and private VTIs ................................................................................................................................................................ 401 Figure 242 MSME trend analysis of the district Sirohi ............................................................................ 403 Figure 243 Status of skilled, semi-skilled workforce and unskilled workforce across sectors (Sample Sirohi) at various stages (initial, current and required) .......................................................................... 406 Figure 244 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Sirohi) .................................. 406 Figure 245 Status of workforce in terms of initial, current and required strength across sample industries of Sirohi .................................................................................................................................. 407 Figure 246 Profile of respondents (trainees, self-employed and unemployed) by trade in sample of Sirohi ....................................................................................................................................................... 410 Figure 247 Sirohi Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group ........................................ 411 Figure 248 Income current and expected- sample group, Sirohi ........................................................... 411 Figure 249 Optimization plan- Sirohi Skill Eco-system 2017................................................................... 412 Figure 250 Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI & Polytechnic, 2009-10- Dausa ........................................ 416 Figure 251 Dausa district’s (sample study) coursesoffered placements in private VTIs ........................ 418 Figure 252 MSME trend analysis of the district Dausa ........................................................................... 419 Figure 253 Node 8- Jaipur Dausa Industrial Area of the DMIC project ................................................... 420 Figure 254 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers-Dausa .................................... 422 Figure 255 Status of workforce in terms of initial, current and required strength & sectors across sample industries of Dausa ..................................................................................................................... 423 Figure 256 Profile of respondents (trainee, self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Dausa....................................................................................................................................................... 426 Figure 257 Dausa Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group ....................................... 427 Figure 258 Income current and expected- sample group,...................................................................... 427 Figure 259 Optimization plan- Skill Development Eco System-Dausa .................................................... 428 Figure 260 Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI & Polytechnic, 2009-10- Sikar .......................................... 433 Figure 261 Sikar district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government and private VTIs ................................................................................................................................................................ 435 Figure 262 MSME trend analysis of the district Sikar ............................................................................. 436 Figure 263 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Sikar) .................................... 439 Figure 264 Status of workforce in terms of initial, current and required strength across sample industries of Sikar.................................................................................................................................... 439 Figure 265 Sikar Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group ......................................... 443 Figure 266 : Optimization plan- Skill Development Eco System-Sikar .................................................... 444 Figure 267 Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI & other institutes - Bhilwara ............................................ 448 Figure 268 Bhilwara district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government and private VTIs .......................................................................................................................................................... 450 Figure 269 MSME trend analysis of the district- Bhilwara...................................................................... 451 Figure 270 Status of skilled, semi-skilled workforce and unskilled workforce across sectors (Sample Bhilwara) at various stages (initial, current and required) ..................................................................... 455 Figure 271 Expectations of employers from its employees in Bhilwara (Sample study) ........................ 455

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Figure 272 Status of workforce in terms of initial, current and required strength across sample industries of Bhilwara (Sample study) .................................................................................................... 456 Figure 273 Profile of respondents (self-employed and unemployed) by trade in sample of Bhilwara .. 459 Figure 274 . Satisfaction among youths with initial salary post training- sample group, Bhilwara ........ 460 Figure 275 Optimization plan- Bhilwara Skill Eco-system ....................................................................... 461 Figure 276 Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI & Polytechnic, 2009-10- Chittorgarh ............................... 465 Figure 277 Chittorgarh district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in VTIs and average (avg) salary offered .......................................................................................................................................... 467 Figure 278 MSME trend analysis of the district Chittorgarh .................................................................. 468 Figure 279 Workforce engagement under various stages and required strength of workers across sectors surveyed (Chittorgarh Sample)................................................................................................... 471 Figure 280 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Chittorgarh) ......................... 472 Figure 281 Expected year wise requirement of workforce and current break up of workforce across industries surveyed (Sample)- Chittorgarh ............................................................................................. 472 Figure 282 Profile of respondents (trainee, self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Chittorgarh .............................................................................................................................................. 476 Figure 283 Chittorgarh Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group ............................... 476 Figure 284 Optimization plan- Skill Development Eco System- Chittorgarh .......................................... 478 Figure 285 Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI & Polytechnic, Jaisalmer .................................................. 483 Figure 286 MSME trend analysis of the district Jaisalmer ...................................................................... 485 Figure 287 Workforce engagement under various stages and required strength of workers across sectors surveyed (Jaisalmer sample) ...................................................................................................... 488 Figure 288 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Jaisalmer) ............................ 489 Figure 289 Expected year wise requirement of workforce and current break up of workforce across industries surveyed (Sample)- Jaisalmer ................................................................................................ 490 Figure 290 Profile of respondents (trainee, self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Jaisalmer ................................................................................................................................................. 493 Figure 291 Jaisalmer Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group .................................. 493 Figure 292 Optimization plan- Skill Development Eco System-Jaisalmer ............................................... 495 Figure 293 Barmer district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government and private VTIs ................................................................................................................................................................ 501 Figure 294 Facilities and Infrastructure availability in sampled VTIs, Barmer ........................................ 501 Figure 295 MSME trend analysis of the district Barmer ......................................................................... 502 Figure 296 Status of skilled, semi-skilled workforce and unskilled workforce across sectors (Sample Barmer) at various stages (initial, current and required) ....................................................................... 504 Figure 297 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Barmer)............................... 505 Figure 298 Status of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled across sectors (Sample Barmer) at various stages (initial, current and required) ................................................................................................................. 505 Figure 299 Requirement of skilled, unskilled and semiskilled workers in survey (Barmer) ................... 506 Figure 300 Current percentage of skilled, unskilled and semi-skilled works across sectors in sample survey (Barmer) ...................................................................................................................................... 506 Figure 301 Profile of respondents (trainees, self-employed and unemployed) by trade in sample of Barmer .................................................................................................................................................... 510

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Figure 302 Barmer Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group ..................................... 510 Figure 303 Barmer Youth’s expectation as salary- Sample Group ......................................................... 511 Figure 304 Optimization plan- Barmer Skill Eco-system 2017 ................................................................ 512 Figure 305 Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI & Polytechnic, 2009-10- Bharatpur.................................. 516 Figure 306 Bharatpur district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government VTIs......... 518 Figure 307 MSME trend analysis of the district Bharatpur .................................................................... 519 Figure 308 Workforce engagement under various stages and the percentage of required strength of workers (Bharatpur sample) ................................................................................................................... 521 Figure 309 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Bharatpur) ........................... 522 Figure 310 Profile of respondents (trainee, self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Bharatpur ................................................................................................................................................ 525 Figure 311 Bharatpur Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group ................................. 526 Figure 312 Income current and expected- sample group, Bharatpur .................................................... 526 Figure 313 Optimization plan- Skill Development Eco System-Bharatpur ............................................. 527 Figure 314 Baran district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government and private VTIs ................................................................................................................................................................ 532 Figure 315 Baran district’s (sample study) various trade’s aspirant strength over a period in ITI & ITC 533 Figure 316 MSME trend analysis of the district Baran, DIC 2012 ........................................................... 534 Figure 317 Fig 139: Status of skilled, semi-skilled workforce and unskilled workforce across sectors (Sample Baran) at various stages (initial, current and required) ............................................................ 537 Figure 318 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Baran) .................................. 537 Figure 319 Status of workforce in terms of initial, current and required strength across sample industries of Baran .................................................................................................................................. 538 Figure 320 Profile of respondents (self-employed and unemployed) by trade in sample of Baran ...... 541 Figure 321 Baran Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group ....................................... 542 Figure 322 Income current and expected- sample group, Baran ........................................................... 542 Figure 323 Optimization plan- Baran Skill Eco-system 2017 .................................................................. 543 Figure 324 Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI -2009-10, Banswara ......................................................... 547 Figure 325 Banswara district’s (sample study) courses enrolment status of government and private VTIs ................................................................................................................................................................ 549 Figure 326 MSME trend analysis of the district Banswara ..................................................................... 550 Figure 327 Workforce engagement in the industries across sectors categorized at various stages of the industry life cycle (Sample survey- Banswara)........................................................................................ 553 Figure 328 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers- Banswara ............................ 553 Figure 329 Status of workforce in terms of initial, current and required strength & sectors across sample industries of Banswara ............................................................................................................... 554 Figure 330 Profile of respondents (trainee, self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Banswara................................................................................................................................................. 557 Figure 331 Banswara Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group................................. 558 Figure 332 Optimization plan- Skill Development Eco System-Banswara ............................................. 559 Figure 333 Pali district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in VTIs and average (avg) salary offered .................................................................................................................................................... 564 Figure 334 MSME trend analysis of the district Pali ............................................................................... 566

12

.............. 572 Figure 339 Pali Youth’s perception................ need and aspirations –Sample Group ............................ 613 Figure 362 Profile of respondents (trainee.. 2009-10................................................................................Karauli......................................................................................................................................... 583 Figure 346 Profile of respondents (trainee.................................................... 594 Figure 350 MSME trend analysis of the district Karauli .... 607 Figure 358 Ajmer district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government and private VTIs ................................................................................................. self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Ajmer............. 601 Figure 355 Youth’s perception.................. 595 Figure 351 Workforce engagement under various stages and required strength of workers across sectors surveyed (Karauli sample) ................................................. 568 Figure 336 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Pali) ........... 602 Figure 356 Optimization plan..................................... current and required strength across sample industries of Ajmer..Pratapgarh.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... need and aspirations –Sample Group ................................ 573 Figure 340 Optimization plan............. self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample Karauli ................................................ 569 Figure 337 Expected year wise requirement of workforce and current break up of workforce across industries surveyed (Sample)........................ need and aspirations –Sample Group ........................................... 579 Figure 342 MSME trend analysis of the district Pratapgarh ...............................................................................................Skill Development Eco System-Pratapgarh ..Ajmer .....................................................Figure 335 Workforce engagement under various stages and required strength of workers across sectors surveyed (Pali sample)........................................................Pali ..................................................................................... 598 Figure 354 Profile of respondents (trainee....... 588 Figure 349 Karauli district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in VTIs and average (avg) salary offered .......................................................... 603 Figure 357 Number of Schools........................................................ self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Pratapgarh ....................... 583 Figure 345 Expected year wise requirement of workforce and current break up of workforce across industries surveyed (Sample)........................... 610 Figure 360 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Ajmer) ............................................................................................................................................................................ need and aspirations –Sample Group Karauli .............................................................. 617 13 .............................................................................................................................. 587 Figure 348 Optimization plan..................... 580 Figure 343 Workforce engagement under various stages and required strength of workers across sectors surveyed (Pratapgarh sample) ...................................................................................Pali ............................................................. 612 Figure 361 Status of workforce in terms of initial............................ self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Pali............................................................................................................................................................ 569 Figure 338 Profile of respondents (trainee.................................................................................................. ITI & Polytechnic.....................................................................Skill Development Eco System............ 597 Figure 353 Expected year wise requirement of workforce and current break up of workforce across industries surveyed (Sample).................................. 616 Figure 363 Ajmer Youth’s perception.......Karauli ....... 609 Figure 359 MSME trend analysis of the district Ajmer .......................Skill Development Eco System................ 574 Figure 341 Pratapgarh district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in VTIs and average (avg) salary offered ................ 582 Figure 344 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Pratapgarh).............................. 586 Figure 347 Pratapgarh Youth’s perception......................................... 597 Figure 352 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers Karauli ..... Colleges.......

.....................................................................................................................sample group............... 62 Table 9 Vocational Education & Training Schemes................................................................... current and required strength across sample industries of Jhalawar (Sample study) ... 644 Figure 378 Expected year wise requirement of workforce and current break up of workforce across industries surveyed (Sample)..................... current and required) .... 633 Figure 372 Satisfaction among youths with initial salary post training............. 2010) . 628 Figure 368 Expectations of employers from its employees in Jhalawar (Sample study).......Jhalawar .......................................... 38 Table 2 Trained youths through major initiatives of the state in skilling .......a snapshot ............................................ 625 Figure 367 Status of skilled................. 61 Table 8 Results from rural development projects across states..................................Skill Development Eco System-Jhunjhunu ......................... 629 Figure 370 Profile of respondents (self-employed and unemployed) by trade in sample of Jhalawar ............... 80 Table 15 Industries & Employment in large..... need and aspirations –Sample Group ................................................................... Snapshot of SSCs (Source: NSDC. need and aspirations –Sample Group .......... 633 Figure 373 Optimization plan............ governance and human resource ............Jhunjhunu................... 110 14 .............. 628 Figure 369 Status of workforce in terms of initial.............................................................. 85 Table 17...................... 75 Table 12 Rajasthan’s four sectors contributing two-thirs of the economy ........................................ self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Jhunjhunu........................................................Jhalawar Skill Eco-system 2017 . 80 Table 16 High priority service sector demand..... 624 Figure 366 MSME trend analysis of the district....................................................... Jhunjhunu ...................Skill Development Eco System-Ajmer ......................................................... supply and support in the state of Rajasthan ................................... October 2012) ............ 104 Table 18 Bikaner District Profile............................................................... 648 Figure 381 Optimization plan.......................................................................................................................................... semi-skilled workforce and unskilled workforce across sectors (Sample Jhalawar) at various stages (initial......................... 109 Table 19 Bikaner vs........ 42 Table 5 Division of Rajasthan into seven clusters for survey ........................ 60 Table 7 List of clusters in Rajasthan (MSME report......................................... 41 Table 4 High priority service sector demand............................................ ITI & Polytechnic........................... supply and support in the state of Rajasthan ............................................ 650 Table 1: Workforce breakdown in 2017 across sectors ............................................................................ 39 Table 3 Districts positioned in skill development training initiatives of the state ....................................... 641 Figure 376 Workforce engagement-strength of workers across sectors surveyed (Jhunjhunu sample) 643 Figure 377 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Jhunjhunu) ...................... 72 Table 11 Rajasthan’s ranking in terms of business efficiency.......................................... 648 Figure 380 Jhunjhunu Youth’s perception..................... 618 Figure 365 Jhalawar district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government and private VTIs ....................................................................................... 52 Table 6 Experience of the workforce across unorganized sector (in terms of years of work done) ........... medium and small scale industries ....... 79 Table 14 Districts in terms of skilling initiatives based on analysis and field survey .Figure 364 Optimization plan........................ 645 Figure 379 Profile of respondents (trainee................................................ 634 Figure 374 Number of Schools............................. 76 Table 13 Performance of Rajasthan in six thrust areas ..................................................... 638 Figure 375 MSME trend analysis of the district Jhunjhunu .... 68 Table 10 Desires & Expectations of the youth and family in terms of pre and post training ......... Rajasthan education status................................................................................................. Colleges............... Jhalawar............................................................................. 632 Figure 371 Jhalawar Youth’s perception.

............................................... 120 Table 26 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 ................ Rajasthan education status ...... 136 Table 34 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary..... 167 Table 50 Sector wise mapping of industries in Jodhpur .... 170 Table 52 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary............................................Jodhpur ................................................................................................... 149 Table 40 Udaipur district’s (sample study) courses offered ......................................................................... 111 Table 21 Status of Industrial Areas-Bikaner.........................................................................................................................................a snapshot ........................ 151 Table 41 Sector wise mapping of industries in Udaipur ......... Rajasthan ............ 165 Table 48 Jodhpur vs..... 135 Table 33 Break-up of industries in Jaipur (Sample study).............. 159 Table 46Youth Category in Udaipur-sample ...................................... 154 Table 42 Break up of industries in Udaipur (Sample study) ......................................................................... 154 Table 43 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary............................................................... Rajasthan education status ...................... 172 Table 53 Workforce across various sectors by 2017......................... 141 Table 38 Udaipur District Profile...................... 131 Table 31 Tourism Visit Chart in Jaipur..............................................................................................Table 20 Trades offered in Bikaner district_sample study .............. 116 Table 24 Organized labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary...................................... 170 Table 51 Breakup of industries in Jodhpur (Sample study) .......................... 174 Table 55 Youth Category in Jodhpur-sample .. 158 Table 45 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 .......................................................................................................Udaipur ............ secondary and tertiary sectors -Bikaner ........... 120 Table 27 Youth Category in Bikaner-sample ................................................................................ 148 Table 39 Udaipur vs.......................................... District Statistics Report... 140 Table 37 Youth Profile of sample in Jaipur ........ 128 Table 29 Jaipur vs.................................................................................................................................................................... 140 Table 36 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 ..... Rajasthan education status ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 181 Table 58 Alwar district’s (sample study) courses offered ........................................................... 166 Table 49 Jodhpur district’s (sample study) courses offered ....... 175 Table 56 Alwar District Profile................................ 173 Table 54 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 .......... 180 Table 57 Alwar vs.... 09 .....................................................................................................................a snapshot ......................................................................................... 113 Table 22 Sector wise mapping of industries in Bikaner .................................. semi-skilled and unskilled workforce by 2017 -Bikaner .........................................................................................................................................................a snapshot ............... 182 15 .... 129 Table 30 Jaipur district’s (sample study) courses offered ........................................................ 139 Table 35 Workforce across various sectors by 2017........................ secondary and tertiary sectors Jodhpur ................................. 119 Table 25 Sectoral demand for skilled...................................... Rajasthan education status ...............................................................................................................................a snapshot .................. 122 Table 28 Jaipur District Profile.............. 115 Table 23 Break-up of industries in Bikaner (Sample study) ......................... secondary and tertiary sectors -Bikaner ....................................................................................................... 133 Table 32 Sector wise mapping of industries in Jaipur........ 158 Table 44 Workforce across various sectors by 2017................................... 160 Table 47 Jodhpur District Profile.Jaipur ..................................................................................... secondary and tertiary sectors Udaipur ................................................................................

............................ 224 Table 81 Workforce across various sectors by 2017.................................. 250 Table 98 MSME trend analysis of the district Nagaur ............................ 196 Table 66 Churu vs.......................................................................................................... 216 Table 77 Details of Courses offered in the Government......... 242 Table 93 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 .................................................. 255 16 ............ 203 Table 70 Break-up of industries in Churu (Sample study) ...................................Table 59 Sector wise mapping of industries in Alwar ......... 188 Table 62 Workforce across various sectors by 2017................. 226 Table 84 Kota District Profile.............................................. 237 Table 89 Potential industries providing employment to the semi-skilled workforce in Kota ........... secondary and tertiary sectors.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 235 Table 88 Sector wise mapping of industries in Kota as per DIC report....................................................... 233 Table 87 Kota district’s (sample study) various trade’s aspirant strength over a period in ITI & ITC................... 241 Table 92 Workforce across various sectors by 2017-Kota .... 189 Table 63 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 ................................................. 204 Table 71 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary.. 191 Table 65 Churu District Profile................... 217 Table 78 Sector wise mapping of industries in Jalore as per DIC report......................................................................................................................................... 225 Table 83 Youth Profile of sample in Jalore....................................................................................................................... secondary and tertiary sectors Churu ...Churu........a snapshot ............................................................................... 243 Table 95 Nagaur District Profile.............................. 231 Table 85 Kota vs............................................................................................ 2007 ................................ 210 Table 75 Jalore District Profile.............. 207 Table 72 Workforce across various sectors by 2017.................................a snapshot ..............................................................................a snapshot............................................................. 202 Table 69 Potential industries providing employment to the semi-skilled workforce in Churu ...a snapshot ........ 197 Table 67 Churu district’s (sample study) courses offered ................... Rajasthan education status ... 249 Table 97 Nagaur district’s (sample study) courses offered ............................................................................................................................................... 242 Table 94 Youth Profile of sample in Kota ............................ secondary and tertiary sectors-Kota ................... 238 Table 90 Breakup of industries in Kota (Sample study) ................................................. 190 Table 64 Youth Category in Alwar-sample ................................................ 2007 ........................Jalore ...................................Jalore ................................ Rajasthan education status ......... 186 Table 61 Projected Workforce demand across sectors in the district Alwar............................ 221 Table 80 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary............ 2007 .................................... & Private VTIs (Sample).Alwar .............................................................. 221 Table 79 Break-up of industries in Jalore (Sample study) ................................................................................................................................................................. 199 Table 68 Sector wise mapping of industries in Churu as per DIC report........................... 224 Table 82 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 ............................................... 238 Table 91 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary............................... 208 Table 73 Representation of project & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017ted Skilled/ Semi-skilled .............................................................. 209 Table 74 Youth Profile of sample in Churu ................................. 248 Table 96 Nagaur vs................ 232 Table 86 Kota district’s (sample study) courses offered ..........................................Jalore ...................... Rajasthan education status .................. Rajasthan education status ...................................................... 185 Table 60 Break-up of industries in Alwar (Sample study) .................. 215 Table 76 Jalore vs...........................................................................................

......................................................................... 278 Table 116 Sector wise mapping of industries in Dungarpur as per DIC report................................................. 260 Table 103 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce gap 2011-2017 ...............................................................................Nagaur............. 332 Table 133 Sawai Madhopur vs. 268 Table 108 : Year wise intake of aspirants across sectors in the sampled VTIs (Rajsamand) ................... 293 Table 121 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 293 Table 122 Youth Profile of sample in Dungarpur ............... 256 Table 101 Projected labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across sectorsNagaur ........................................................................................................ Rajasthan primary education scenario ...............................................................a snapshot .................................................................................................................... 289 Table 118 Expected year wise requirement in selected sectors as suggested by industrial bodies in Dungarpur ............................................................. 272 Table 112 Projected labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary..................................................... 256 Table 100 -Break up of industries in Nagaur (Sample study)........................ 266 Table 106 Rajsamand vs. secondary and tertiary sectors Rajsamand .................................................................................. 291 Table 119 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary............................................................................................................. 267 Table 107 Rajsamand district’s (sample study) courses offered ................. 260 Table 104 Youth Profile of sample in Nagaur ........................Rajsamand...................................................................................... Rajasthan education status................................................................................................................................................................................................ 317 Table 129 Tonk vs. 261 Table 105 Rajsamand District Profile................................. 306 Table 127 Break-up of industries in Bundi (Sample study) .................................................. 269 Table 109 Rajsamand’s cluster and industrial area( DIC) ........................................................................... 333 Table 134 Courses offered in government and private VTIs (sample) ..... 301 Table 125 Bundi district’s (sample study) courses offered ......... 318 Table 130 Tonk district’s (sample study) courses offered ............................................................................................................................................................ 327 Table 132 District profile –a Snapshot.................... Rajasthan education status ...................... 270 Table 110 Sector wise mapping of industries in Rajsamand as per DIC report................. Rajasthan education status ....................... secondary and tertiary sectors-Dungarpur ......................................................................................................................................... 319 Table 131 Youth Profile of sample in Tonk .......................................................................................................................................................... 2007................... 2007 ......................... 342 17 ....................................Sawai Madhopur ...........a snapshot ...................................................................................... 300 Table 124 Bundi vs............ 337 Table 136 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 342 Table 137 Youth Profile of sample in Sawai Madhopur................................................................................. 276 Table 113 Workforce across various sectors by 2017................. 306 Table 128 Tonk District Profile........... 276 Table 114 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 277 Table 115 Youth Profile in Rajsamand-sample ........................................................Table 99 Break up of industries in Nagaur (Sample study)_SSI & Artisan unit ............................................................................................ 272 Table 111 Break up of industries in Rajsamand (Sample study) ..............Dungarpur ....................................................... 292 Table 120 Workforce across various sectors by 2017... 302 Table 126 Potential industries providing employment to the semi-skilled workforce in Bundi ...... 289 Table 117 Break up of industries in Dungarpur (Sample study) .... 334 Table 135 Break up of industries in Sawai Madhopur (Sample study) ................ 294 Table 123 Bundi District Profile..................................... 259 Table 102 Workforce across various sectors by 2017....................................a snapshot .

............................. 401 Table 163 Sector wise mapping of industries in Sirohi as per DIC report....... 399 Table 161 Sirohi vs.................Sirohi ...................................................................................................................................................................................................a snapshot ................ 349 Table 140 Courses offered in government and private VTIs (sample)................................................................... 2007 ......................................... secondary and tertiary sectors Sirohi ................................. 376 Table 149 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 377 Table 150 Youth Profile of sample in Sri Ganganagar ......... 369 Table 146 Breakup of industries in Sri Ganganagar (Sample study) ............................................ Rajasthan education status ............................................Dausa .. 421 Table 175 Projected labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across sectors............... Rajasthan primary education scenario ............. Rajasthan education status ......... 394 Table 160 Sirohi District Profile.................................................................................. 359 Table 143 District profile –a Snapshot................... 2007 ............................. 404 Table 164 Potential service industries providing employment to the semi-skilled workforce in Sirohi 405 Table 165 Break up of industries in Sirohi (Sample study) ...... 2007................. 375 Table 148 Workforce across various sectors by 2017.................. 415 Table 171 Dausa vs.....................................................................Dausa ....................................................................................... 400 Table 162 Sirohi district’s (sample study) courses offered .................... 405 Table 166 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary............................... 391 Table 157 Workforce across various sectors by 2017..................................... 417 Table 173 Sector wise mapping of industries in Dausa as per DIC report..................................................................................................................Table 138 District profile –a Snapshot................................................................................................................................................................................... Rajasthan primary education scenario ................Sri Ganganagar ...... 416 Table 172 Dausa district’s (sample study) courses offered .......................................... 407 Table 167 Workforce across various sectors by 2017.................... 388 Table 156 Projected percentage of workforce (demand) requirement till 2017 across primary..................................................a snapshot .... Rajasthan primary education scenario .............................................................................................................................................................. 378 Table 151 Hanumangarh District Profile........ 354 Table 142 Youth Profile of sample in Dholpur . 384 Table 153 Courses offered in government and private VTIs (sample).................................... 421 Table 174 -Break up of industries in Dausa (Sample study) ............. Dholpur ................................Dholpur .............................................................................Sri Ganganagar ......... 424 Table 176 Workforce across various sectors by 2017.......................................a snapshot ................................................................................................................. 373 Table 147 Projected percentage of workforce (demand) requirement till 2017 across primary....... 367 Table 144 Sri Ganganagar vs................. secondary and tertiary sectors-Hanumangarh ............................. 368 Table 145 Courses offered in government and private VTIs (sample)...... 408 Table 168 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 409 Table 169 Youth Profile of sample in Sirohi .................................................. 383 Table 152 Hanumangarh vs..................................................................................................................................... 348 Table 139 Dholpur vs........................................... 350 Table 141 Break up of industries in Dholpur (Sample study) .................................. Hanumangarh......... 392 Table 158 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 393 Table 159 Youth Profile of sample in Hanumangarh .........................................................................................................Hanumangarh ........................... Sri Ganganagar ............ 425 18 ..... 385 Table 154 Sector wise mapping of industries in Hanumangarh as per DIC report..... 388 Table 155 Break-up of industries in Hanumangarh (Sample study) ..................................... 410 Table 170 Dausa District Profile......................... secondary and tertiary sectors-Sri Ganganagar.....

..............a snapshot ................................................ 437 Table 183 Break up of industries in Sikar (Sample study)....Jaisalmer .............Sikar .................. Rajasthan primary education scenario .... 465 Table 202 Table 3 Courses offered in government and private VTIs (sample) ............................................................................................ 448 Table 191 Bhilwara district’s (sample study) courses offered ............... 468 Table 204 Sector wise mapping of industries in Chittorgarh as per DIC report.........................................................................................Table 177 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce gap 2011-2017 .................. 454 Table 195 Percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary............................... Rajasthan education status ...................................................................................... 426 Table 179 Sikar District Profile............................................ need and aspirations –Sample Group ............... 464 Table 201 Chittorgarh vs........................................................................................................................ 442 Table 189 : Bhilwara District Profile.......................................................................................................................................Sikar .............. 482 Table 212 Courses offered in government and private VTIs (sample)................... DIC report.............. secondary and tertiary sectors................................................................................ 483 Table 213 Jaisalmer district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in VTIs and average (avg) salary offered ................................................................ 438 Table 184 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement (in terms of skills) till 2017 across sectors................................... 2009 ........................................................................................................ 2007 ................ Jaisalmer...Chittorgarh ..... 432 Table 180 Sikar vs... 473 Table 207 Workforce across various sectors by 2017............................................ 454 Table 194 Break-up of industries in Bhilwara (Sample study) ....................................a snapshot .................................................... secondary and tertiary sectors-Bhilwara .................................. 475 Table 210 District profile –a Snapshot.. 440 Table 185 Workforce across various sectors by 2017................................................................................... 2010 ........................................................................................................... 441 Table 186 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 441 Table 187 Youth Profile of sample in Sikar .................................... 470 Table 206 Projected percentage of workforce (demand) requirement till 2017 across primary........................................ 457 Table 196 Workforce across various sectors by 2017-Bhilwara ..................................... 433 Table 181 Trades offered in government and private VTIs (sample study) Sikar .................................... 442 Table 188 Profile of respondents (trainee.. 434 Table 182 Sector wise mapping of industries in Sikar as per DIC report. Rajasthan primary education scenario ........................................... 2009 .......Chittorgarh........................................................................................................... 453 Table 193 Potential industries providing employment to the semi-skilled workforce in Bhilwara ..... 460 Table 200 District profile –a Snapshot (Chittorgarh) ..... Rajasthan education status ..................................................... 474 Table 208 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 474 Table 209 Youth Profile of sample in Chittorgarh...................................................................................................................................................... 447 Table 190 Bhilwara vs...................................................................................... 458 Table 197 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 458 Table 198 Youth Profile of sample in Bhilwara ............ 425 Table 178 Youth Profile of sample in Dausa ............................................... 470 Table 205 Breakup of industries in Chittorgarh (Sample study) ...................................................................... 466 Table 203 Clusters in Chittorgarh ....................... 484 Table 214 Sector wise mapping of industries in Jaisalmer as per DIC report............................... 486 19 ................................................... 481 Table 211 Jaisalmer vs............ 459 Table 199 Bhilwara Youth’s perception.................................................................. self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Sikar........................................................................................... 449 Table 192 Sector wise mapping of industries in Bhilwara.......

........ 517 Table 231 Sector wise mapping of industries in Bharatpur as per DIC report.............. 520 Table 232 Break-up of industries in Bharatpur (Sample study) ................... 515 Table 229 Bharatpur vs.....................a snapshot......................................................... Rajasthan education status .... 2007 ......... 2007 .......................... 541 Table 246 Banswara District Profile................ 535 Table 241 Break-up of industries in Baran (Sample study) ............................................................... 503 Table 223 Break up of industries in Barmer (Sample study) .............................................................. 2007 ................................................ 530 Table 238 Baran vs................................................................................................................ 523 Table 235 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 524 Table 236 Youth Profile of sample in Bharatpur ................................................................................... Baran as per DIC report........... 516 Table 230 Courses offered in government and private VTIs . secondary and tertiary sectors-Jaisalmer ............................... 556 20 .............. 491 Table 218 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 492 Table 219 Youth Profile of sample in Jaisalmer ....................... 500 Table 222 Sector wise mapping of industries in Barmer as per DIC report............................................................................................... 523 Table 234 Workforce across various sectors by 2017....................................... 509 Table 228 Bharatpur District Profile...................... 551 Table 250 Breakup of industries in Banswara (Sample study).......................................... 555 Table 252 Workforce across various sectors by 2017...................................... 532 Table 240 Sector wise mapping of industries.......................................... 525 Table 237 Baran District Profile............................. 546 Table 247 Banswara vs................................... 492 Table 220 Barmer vs......................... 499 Table 221 Barmer district’s (sample study) courses offered .... secondary and tertiary sectors Baran ................................................................Bharatpur ..................... 520 Table 233 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary................ 552 Table 251 Projected labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across sectorsBanswara...........a snapshot ...........................................................Jaisalmer .................................................... secondary and tertiary sectors-Bharatpur ............. 508 Table 226 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 509 Table 227 Youth Profile in Barmer-sample ......................................................Banswara.... Rajasthan education status ........................................................... Rajasthan education status ............................................................................................................................................................................. 486 Table 216 Projected percentage of workforce (demand) requirement till 2017 across primary................................... 548 Table 249 Sector wise mapping of industries in Banswara as per DIC report........................................................ Rajasthan education status .... 539 Table 243 Workforce across various sectors by 2017........ 507 Table 225 Workforce across various sectors by 2017.......................................................................................................Baran ............................................................... 531 Table 239 Baran district’s (sample study) courses offered ................................................................................................................... 504 Table 224 Projected labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary................................................................................................................................................................................. 490 Table 217 Workforce across various sectors by 2017....................................................... 536 Table 242 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary.......................... 547 Table 248Banswara district’s (sample study) courses offered ........ 540 Table 244 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 540 Table 245 Youth Profile of sample in Baran.................................................................................................... 2007 ....... secondary and tertiary sectors Barmer .......a snapshot ...................................................................................................................................................................................................Barmer ...............Table 215 Breakup of industries in Jaisalmer (Sample study) .....................................................................

.................... 576 Table 265 Pratapgarh vs........ 615 Table 289 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 615 Table 290 Youth Profile of sample in Ajmer ............................. 601 Table 282 Ajmer District Profile........................Ajmer ............. 585 Table 271 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 585 Table 272 Youth Profile of sample in Pratapgarh ............... 593 Table 276 Sector wise mapping of industries in Karauli as per DIC report..Ajmer ............................................................................................. 607 Table 284 Trades offered in government and private VTIs (sample study) Ajmer ............................................................................. 608 Table 285 Sector wise mapping of industries in Ajmer as per DIC report..................................................................................................................... 596 Table 278 Projected percentage of workforce (demand) requirement till 2017 across primary...................................................... 606 Table 283 Ajmer vs........... 591 Table 274 Karauli vs..........................................................................................................................Pali .........Karauli ............ Pratapgarh............................ 2010 ................................. Rajasthan primary education scenario ............................................. 2007 .............................................................................................Pratapgarh ..........................a snapshot ................a snapshot .............................................................. secondary and tertiary sectors-Pratapgarh ......................... Karauli ..................................... 570 Table 261 Workforce across various sectors by 2017........................................................ 581 Table 269 Projected percentage of workforce (demand) requirement till 2017 across primary...................................... 611 Table 286 Breakup of industries in Ajmer (Sample study)................................................................. 611 Table 287 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement (in terms of skills) till 2017 across sectors.......... 621 21 ............... 600 Table 280 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 600 Table 281 Youth Profile of sample in Karauli ................................ 557 Table 255 District profile –a Snapshot. secondary and tertiary sectors..................... 578 Table 267 Sector wise mapping of industries in Pratapgarh as per DIC report........................................................ 577 Table 266 Courses offered in government and private VTIs (sample).........................................................................Karauli ............................................... Rajasthan primary education scenario................................Pali .............. 571 Table 262 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 571 Table 263 Youth Profile of sample in Pali ..... Rajasthan education status ........................ 2007 .....Karauli. Rajasthan primary education scenario .............. 556 Table 254 Youth Profile of sample in Banswara ................................................. 614 Table 288 Workforce across various sectors by 2017.............................................. 592 Table 275 Courses offered in government and private VTIs (sample).............................. 599 Table 279 Workforce across various sectors by 2017....................................................................................................................................................................Pratapgarh ................................................................................ 584 Table 270 Workforce across various sectors by 2017................................................ 2009 ........... 616 Table 291 Jhalawar District Profile........................... 564 Table 258 Sector wise mapping of industries in Pali as per DIC report............................... 563 Table 257 Courses offered in government and private VTIs (sample) ...................... secondary and tertiary sectors.............. 572 Table 264 District profile –a Snapshot................................................................... 567 Table 260 Projected percentage of workforce (demand) requirement till 2017 across primary.........Pali........................ 586 Table 273 District profile –a Snapshot........................................ 581 Table 268 Breakup of industries in Pratapgarh (Sample study) ...........Table 253 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce gap 2011-2017 ...................................................................................................... 562 Table 256 Pali vs............................................................................................ 567 Table 259 Breakup of industries in Pali (Sample study)... 595 Table 277 Breakup of industries in Karauli (Sample study) .................................................................................

..... 56 22 ...................................................... 1................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Jhunjhunu ............................................................................ Study Background .........................2....5..................... 3 Table of Contents ........................................................Table 292 Jhalawar vs.................. 640 Table 304 Sector wise mapping of industries in Jhunjhunu as per DIC report............................................................................................................ 639 Table 303 VTIs with placement percentage and average salary across trades ......................... 626 Table 295 Breakup of industries in Jhalawar (Sample study) ........ 2009 .............................................. Chapter 1: Introduction ................................................................................................................................................... secondary and tertiary sectors-Jhalawar ................................ 1.............. 33 Executive Summary.......................................................................................................... 2 List of Figures & Tables ..................... 1.....................................................................3................................................ 638 Table 302 Courses offered in government and private VTIs (sample)..................................................................................................................... 52 Chapter 2: State Industrial & Educational Scenario .. 54 Industry Scenario..........................................................................................4... 647 Table 309 Youth Profile of sample in Jhunjhunu ...............................................2................................................ 642 Table 305 Breakup of industries in Jhunjhunu (Sample study)...................................................................... 637 Table 301 Jhunjhunu vs................................. 1....................................................................................................... 645 Table 307 Workforce across various sectors by 2017......................................... 34 1............................................ 2. 47 Study Methodology ...................................... 627 Table 296 Percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary............................. 2009 ............................................................. 46 1................ 47 Hypothesis for Skill Gap Assessment & Prediction .................................1.................................................... 642 Table 306 Projected percentage of workforce (demand) requirement till 2017 across primary.................... 647 Table of Contents Acronyms and Abbreviations ...........................................Rajasthan . 622 Table 293 Jhalawar district’s (sample study) courses offered ...........................................1............................................................. DIC report................................... 632 Table 300 Jhunjhunu District Profile............................ Rajasthan primary education scenario................................................................. 47 Scope of Work ................................... 646 Table 308 Representation of projected skill gap in demand and supply of employable Skilled/ Semiskilled & Unskilled workforce (2011-17) .................................... Rajasthan education status.......................Jhunjhunu ............................ 623 Table 294 Sector wise mapping of industries in Jhalawar........... 630 Table 297 Workforce across various sectors by 2017-Jhalawar ...... secondary and tertiary sectors-Jhunjhunu ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................2....................................................................................................1................. Macro-economic Factors .........a snapshot ............. 1..... 54 2................................................................ 46 Project Scope .......... 22 Preface .......................... 630 Table 298 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 631 Table 299 Youth Profile of sample in Jhalawar ............................ 49 Limitations of the Study ..............

......... 77 3.......................................................................................................................................................1.................................................................................. 129 5..................................................4.................2 Sector Skill Committees ...............4 Recommendations for NSDC ...2..... 100 4...................................................1...........................2 Recommendations for the State’s Industries............................................1 State-level Skill Development Plan ........................................................................ 103 Chapter 5: District wise Skill Gap Findings ......3 Human Resource Requirement ....... 121 5...1............................... Sectoral Demand and Supply Status ...................................... 91 4.......3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Jaipur district ...........................................................................................................................................................................................1................... Recommendations and Action Plans ...................3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Bikaner district ................................................. 113 5............................................................10 Youth Aspirations ........................................5 Industry Mapping..............2 District Jaipur ................ 88 4................1...............1 District Bikaner ...............................................................................1.....................................................2 Social Infrastructure .................... 110 5...................... 132 5................2............2 Current Employment Structure............................................................................................................. 74 3....................................................................................12 Optimization Plan . 132 23 .............................................................................. 74 3............................................................................ 57 Status on Vocational Educational Schemes ..........2........................................................... 120 5.........................................................................................1. 2............................................... 101 4.............2.....................1..........1................... 69 2......1............. 70 Chapter 3: State Findings and Action Plan...................13 Problem Statement .......................................................................................1 Economy .............................................................................................................................1.......................................... 2............ 109 5......................................................................... 93 4.........5 Youth Aspirations in the state............................................... 82 Chapter 4...........................2............................................... 61 Performance of the Vocational Training Institutes ..... 92 4.................1 Recommendations for the State ........ 116 5.................................3 Recommendations for Training Partners and Providers ..... 107 5................................................. 114 5.......1 District-level Committees ............1 Socio-economic Findings of the state ............................... 94 4..................................................2.......................................................................1.......2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization................1........1................................................................................................................. 80 3.................................................1..............8 Projected Workforce Demand ............................................................................ 112 5................................1.....2.. 124 5................................................... 123 5...........................7 Workforce Demand and Supply ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................9 Skill Gap Analysis .....................................................................................1 Demographic Profile: ....................................2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization........................2...........................................4 Placement & Absorption Trend .....................1.................................. 74 3.. 128 5..........................................2..........................................................3 Project Management Team ........6 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Bikaner ............................... 90 4....................... 92 4...................................... 79 3...................................5 Industry Mapping..............................................................1...................................................................2 Implementation Structure .......4................... 111 5.................. 107 5........................................................................................................3.... 126 5..11 Youth’s Perception .........................1 Demographic Profile: .......4 Placement & Absorption Trend ..........................................................................................................................2............... 117 5............................................................................................................ 130 5........................................................................................

....................2..........................................................................................................................1 Demographic Profile: ......................................7 Workforce Demand and Supply ....... 170 5.............................................5.................. 142 Optimization Plan ................................................4.........................................................................8 Projected Workforce Demand ...........................4 Placement & Absorption Trend ................................................................................2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization........................................1 Demographic Profile: ..............3....2.5.................................................. 150 5...............12 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Jaipur ........... 158 5....4 District Jodhpur ........................................................................4........3.............................................................................11 Optimization Plan .....5......9 Skill Gap Analysis ........................................... 169 5.................. 137 Projected Workforce Demand ....................................................5......6 5...........4............................. 163 5....... 178 5.......10 Youth Aspirations .................................................................12 Optimization Plan ..................................4.............................. 181 5....................................... 156 5......3.................................................. 192 5...................... 138 Skill Gap Analysis ....8 Skill Gap Analysis .............10 Youth’s Perception ................................................. 167 5................................................... 190 5.........................................3.................5 Industry Mapping... 165 5..................... 169 5... 173 5.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization..... 159 5. 148 5................... 168 5... 187 5.................................................... 184 5....................................................................................................8 Projected Workforce Demand ............... 189 5.....................3 District Udaipur .....................................................3............................................................................5...............................10 5........................... 134 Workforce Demand and Supply ......................... 185 5...................4................................. 140 Youth Aspirations .....................3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Jodhpur district ................................................................................................................................................................................5......................................6 Workforce Demand and Supply ..........5 District Alwar..2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization.......2.......3... 193 24 .4....3.....3.................................................................................................................7 5..................................................................................5.....................11 5..................................................................................3.................... 177 5....................................................................................................................5....... 174 5..... 162 5........................................ 143 5............. 152 5...................................................................7 Projected Workforce Demand .......................11 Youth’s Perception ........................................................9 5...................................................5 Industry Mapping ......................................................................3.................................................................6 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Jodhpur ............................................. 182 5.......................... 186 5...................................................... 171 5.....5............................................. 161 5.....4................................................. 184 5.................................................................................................................................4........................................4.......5............................................................3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Alwar district ....................4.......................................... 176 5........................... 180 5.....................3...................................................................1 Demographic Profile: .......................................................2............................................................. 153 5...........................................................5........................10 Youth Aspirations ...............................................2.............7 Workforce Demand and Supply ........................................3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Udaipur district ....5..............2......................4...............................4 Placement & Absorption Trend ........................ 166 5............... 146 5......2..............................................8 5............................................................................5................................4............4 Placement & Absorption Trend .................................. 155 5... 141 Youth’s Perception ...........9 Youth Aspirations ..................................5 Industry Mapping.................................................................................................................................................................................................................11 Youth’s Perception .......................... 149 5................................................................................................................................................................................................12 Optimization Plan ...................9 Skill Gap Analysis ............................6 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Alwar..

............... 227 5...................7.......... 201 5...6...................................................................8..................................6..................2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization..................................... 242 5............6 District Churu ............................ 216 5.. 232 5................ 223 5........................................................................................6...................................................................................... 220 5....7 5............7.................................................................................................................................................................. 197 5................................................ 222 5.. 213 5.......7 Projected Workforce Demand ...........10 Youth’s Perception ..................5........... 248 Education Infrastructure and Utilization .... 240 5................6.............................................7 District Jalore ............................................................... 217 5......................................................8. 235 5.........11 Optimization Plan ...............................................9 5............. 246 Demographic Profile: ..................................................................7.........................................................................4 Industry Mapping............... 231 5.............................1 5.......................................................................................11 Optimization Plan .......................................... 224 5..... 226 5................................................ 245 5.................................8 Skill Gap Analysis ..............8.......................................6....9....................................................................... 200 5................................................................3 VTI’s demand across various trades in the district ..................................6.....................................4 5..........8 Skill Gap Analysis .................................. 239 5..............................................................................9................................................... 243 5..................6.................................................... 204 5..............................9 Youth Aspirations ..................................................7.................................................................................................................7.8.........2 VTI’s demand across various trades . 211 5...................... 194 5.........................................7 Projected Workforce Demand .............................................7..............................................................6 Workforce Demand and Supply .........................................7...................9............ 226 5........ 250 Industry Mapping.................10 Youth’s Perception .............6 Workforce Demand and Supply ....11 Optimization Plan .......................... 212 5.................................................................................................. 258 Skill Gap Analysis ...................................................................6 Workforce Demand and Supply ..................... 209 5.5 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Jalore ............................................................8..................................5 Sector wise mapping of industries in the district ...........8.............................................................9...................................... 206 5......................................................................................................................................................................................................................8 Skill Gap Analysis ....9......................................................................................................1 Demographic Profile: ................................ 255 Workforce Demand and Supply .1 Demographic Profile: ........................................................ 249 VTI’s demand across various trades in Nagaur district .....................................8 District Nagaur ................8.......................................5 5................7...........6...........................................................4 Industry Mapping............................4 Industry Mapping................................................................ 260 25 ..........................6 5............................7 Projected Workforce Demand .................... 219 5............................................ 244 5... 257 Projected Workforce Demand ..................................................................7................6..........................2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization................................................................................. 233 5.....................8...................... 252 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Nagaur ...........3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Jalore district ..........10 Youth’s Perception .................................................... 237 5.....9 Youth Aspirations .......................9.....................9.......................................................................................... 208 5..............................................................2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization..............................................................................................................................................9 Youth Aspirations ............8..........................8.............................................................................7 District Kota................................................................................................3 5.........................................................................5 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Jaipur ..........8..................................................................................................... 215 5............................................................ 229 5........................6.........................1 Demographic Profile: ..........2 5......................................................................................... 198 5........9.............................................7............................................. 196 5......................................................................................................6.........7...................

...........10 Youth’s Perception .............................. 311 5.....................................................9........................................13.......... 284 5.....11............................................ 307 5......................11 District Dungarpur..........................................................................................................................................................................................1 5.................................................................................5 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Tonk .............................6 Workforce Demand and Supply ........................................................11 Optimization Plan ...................... 271 Workforce Demand and Supply ..................... 263 5............................................11............6 5.......................10..............9 5.......................................................... 266 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ............11................................. 308 5.............................. 288 5..........................................................2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization .13.1 Demographic Profile: ........ 279 5................... 273 Projected Workforce Demand ............................................12................................................................. 314 5......8 Skill Gap Analysis ..............................................................................................11................... 262 5...........................10..4 Industry Mapping ........... 321 26 .............. 300 5....................................5............................... 313 5.....10 District Rajsamand ...........9 Youth Aspirations .................10............................................................................11............................................................................................ 295 5.....................................10.........................7 Projected Workforce Demand .12.............................4 Industry Mapping ...................................................... 298 5..............7 5....................13.........................................10 Youth’s Perception .........................10............ 301 5.................................. 317 5................. 290 5..................3 VTI’s demand across various trades ................................................................................... 305 5.........................11........................11 Optimization Plan .................................................................................................. 264 Demographic Profile: ..7 Projected Workforce Demand ...........................................3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Dungarpur district ....................................................................................13 District Tonk .........................11...9 Youth Aspirations .........................................................12.. 320 5.....................................12.................................11.........................................................5 Sector wise mapping of industries in the district ..11 5.......................10................................................9.........9 Youth Aspirations .......................................................... 294 5...................................................................12...................12................................................. 310 5............................. 285 5.......................................9......................................1 Demographic Profile: .......................10.........................................10.......................... 296 5...........................................12....... 318 5........................................................................... 318 5............10........................................ 315 5... 279 Optimization Plan ............................ 277 Youth’s Perception ....................................................12 District Bundi ...4 5............................................. 287 5....................................................12..............................................................................10 Youth’s Perception ..................................................................................10 5................................................................................ 301 5.............................................13..................11.............. 303 5..................... 270 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Rajsamand ..................................................................................................................................................... 282 5........2 5...8 Skill Gap Analysis .............8 5..............10............................. 293 5........................................ 277 Youth Aspirations ................................................................. 267 Industry Mapping .............................................................. 261 5..............3 5............................6 Workforce Demand and Supply .................... 267 VTI’s demand across various trades in Rajsamand district ...........12.........10..........................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization .5 5............................................2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ..............................................................................13....................... 274 Skill Gap Analysis .....................4 Industry Mapping ..........................................11 Optimization Plan .................. 286 5............................................................................11......12................. 291 5........................................................................................................................................................................11.......12............1 Demographic Profile: .....................................5 Sector wise mapping of industries ....................................................................................................3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Tonk district .............................................................

.......................................................16......... 337 5......................8 5....................................13...........................................................................9 5.......................................8 Skill Gap Analysis ...9 Youth Aspirations ............................................................................................................ 376 Youth Aspirations ............................... 361 5.16.......16.............. 379 Optimization Plan .................................................................................................6 Workforce Demand and Supply ...................13................................................16............................15...................... 384 5......................................................................................... 350 5.................13................ 371 Sector wise mapping of industries .............15............................................................................................................................................4 Industry Mapping ......9 Youth Aspirations .. 338 5............. 333 5............... 329 5......................................... 377 Youth’s Perception ...... 367 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ..........................5 Sector wise mapping of industries ...........................................5 Sector wise mapping of industries .17. 363 Demographic Profile: ....1 Demographic Profile: ................15 District Dhaulpur .. 369 Industry Mapping ...................16......................................................................................................... 360 5.....................................................15.........................................................................7 Projected Workforce Demand ........................................ 348 5............. 346 5..........................................................16............................................. 342 5........................................14..............................................................................................................................................17 District Hanumangarh ......................... 356 5..13...................................................................................8 5............................................3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Sawai Madhopur district ......... 354 5..........17................................................11 Workforce Demand and Supply ............................................14....................1 5...... 380 5.....................................................14...............7 5..................................10 Youth’s Perception ................................ 341 5........ 328 Optimization Plan ........................ 336 5..11 Optimization Plan ............................................. 334 5.....................................................................6 5.............................................2 27 ................................10 5......................5 5... 359 5.................................................................. 343 5.................... 339 5........................................................................16.................................................................................. 324 Skill Gap Analysis .................7 Projected Workforce Demand .................14 District Sawai Madhopur ..........................................................................15................ 372 Workforce Demand and Supply ..........................................................14.............................. 373 Projected Workforce Demand ...3 5........................14.10 5.........................13...........................1 Demographic Profile: ..................16 District Sri Ganaganagar........................................15..............................15.............................. 349 5................................................................2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ............................................................................ 332 5..............................................9 5......................................................................................................................2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization .................................................................................. 351 5...................................................... 368 VTI’s demand across various trades in Sri Ganganagar district ..................................................15..... 358 5......................................1 5...............15.............................................................................................................. 383 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ..........10 Youth’s Perception .................................................... 381 Demographic Profile: .........................................................................................................................14.4 5...................................................15..14.............................................................. 353 5..3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Dhaulpur district ...............................................14.......................................... 327 Youth’s Perception .................................2 5.................6 Workforce Demand and Supply ................8 Skill Gap Analysis ........ 323 Projected Workforce Demand ........................14.............................14........................................................... 344 5........................... 330 5........................16...............4 Industry Mapping .............................................................14..........................................................................................15.......................................13.................................11 Optimization Plan ........................................................6 5..............................5........................... 374 Skill Gap Analysis .....16...7 5..... 326 Youth Aspirations ..............................................................................11 5.16................................................................16...........................................................15...............................................................................................................

........ 407 Skill Gap Analysis ...................................................... 411 Optimization Plan ...................................................................19........2 5......19...... 430 Demographic Profile: ................... 397 Demographic Profile: ..........................20............................................................................................................................17...........................................2 5.. 400 VTI’s demand across various trades .........................20............................................................................ 422 Projected Workforce Demand ........................................................................18........................1 5.............19................................................................................................................................................ 399 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ......... 387 Workforce Demand and Supply .............................. 393 Youth Aspirations ................................................................ 389 Projected Workforce Demand ........................................................................................................................................................ 442 Youth’s Perception ............................................5 5...................................................................................................................................................................... 412 5............................ 402 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Jaipur ........8 5. 401 Industry Mapping .........9 5...10 5..................19..18..........8 5...........9 5......................3 5........................................................................................................................................... 394 Youth’s Perception .........................................10 5................................................18...... 385 Industry Mapping ..................................................................7 5........................................................... 438 Projected Workforce Demand ...........4 5...................4 5...............6 5........................................................................18....................19...................................11 VTI’s demand across various trades in Hanumangarh district ..............................9 5.............18..........................................18................................................................18..............................6 5........................................................................................6 5...................... 409 Youth Aspirations ............................................................................................................11 5.....1 5...................20..............................................17......................................17..5 5.................................................18..................................... 436 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Sikar ........... 423 Skill Gap Analysis ............................................7 5............................................... 415 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ....... 443 5................4 5.....18 District Sirohi .................. 441 Youth Aspirations ..............................................................................17.................. 386 Sector wise mapping of industries .17. 428 5..18............................11 28 ......................................................19........18...19 District Dausa .............................................20.........................................19......................... 413 Demographic Profile: .......17..........8 5....................20.................................. 439 Skill Gap Analysis ............................... 425 Youth Aspirations .......................................................................................................................... 443 Optimization Plan .........19........................1 5............................................................20.....20...3 5...... 416 VTI’s demand across various trades in Dausa district ....10 5............... 420 Workforce Demand and Supply .......................... 437 Workforce Demand and Supply ...................20.................. 417 Industry Mapping ............................................................................................................................ 395 Optimization Plan ...............................20 District Sikar ......................................................5 5............................................20.....................................................................................................................18....................................11 5.................................7 5..................................................................................................................... 406 Projected Workforce Demand ........................................8 5............................................................ 427 Optimization Plan .................................................................................. 432 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ........................................................................4 5......... 434 Industry Mapping ..........................20...19..9 5..........................................................19........................................................................17...................10 5......19.....................3 5.......................... 390 Skill Gap Analysis ..20.......................6 5.................................5....... 404 Workforce Demand and Supply ..............5 5....................7 5..17.................................................................................2 5....... 433 VTI’s demand across various trades in Sikar district .... 418 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Dausa ..................... 409 Youth’s Perception ...........................3 5.....................................................................................17................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 426 Youth’s Perception .............. 395 5..........

......23..................................23.............1 Demographic Profile: .....................................22............................................................3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Jaisalmer district .......................................................................................... 466 5................................ 496 5....................................7 Projected Workforce Demand ..............................20...............................................................................................9 Youth Aspirations .................................................................21..........23....5 5..................................1 5...................................20..... 493 5.....3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Barmer district .................................................... 495 5..8 5.6 5............................22. 484 5.................4 Industry Mapping ..................20............................. 474 5.............................................................................23.................................21...............................22.24..... 458 Youth Aspirations ..... 449 Industry Mapping ................................................................................................ 477 5.................................... 472 5........................4 5..................................................................................24 District Barmer .............................................................24.............5 Sector wise mapping of industries ................................................ 465 5..............20.............................23.. 450 Sector wise mapping of industries in the district ............23...................................................................................................... 458 Youth’s Perception ..................1 Demographic Profile: ...............................................23 District Jaisalmer ................. 456 Skill Gap Analysis ..................................................................... 475 5.......................................................6 Workforce Demand and Supply .......................4 Demographic Profile: .......24............. 481 5........................................................ 445 Demographic Profile: .............................................22............21 District Bhilwara ................................. 502 5............................................................................................................................11 Optimization Plan .............................................................................................................................................................. 464 5.......................8 Skill Gap Analysis ................................................................... 503 5........................................... 489 5.................................................................................3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Chittorgarh district ............................................................. 487 5............................. 448 VTI’s demand across various trades ........................20.........................................................................................................7 Projected Workforce Demand ...........23................10 Youth’s Perception ........................................24........................................5.........................9 Youth Aspirations ...................3 5...........8 Skill Gap Analysis ....................... 447 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ........................................................ 486 5............22.......24.................................................................................................................. 492 5..............21........................................ 467 5......................................6 Workforce Demand and Supply ........ 462 5.................................................................................................2 5........2 5......................................................................7 5............. 483 5.........5 Sector wise mapping of industries ....................................................24........2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ............ 498 5............22.22................................................................ 469 5....................................................................................... 506 5...........5 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Barmer................................................... 479 5..22.... 461 5......................4 Industry Mapping ...............20..............................................22....................22 District Chittorgarh ...................................................................................................................................4 Industry Mapping ................................................................... 508 29 ..............................8 Skill Gap Analysis ........................................................................10 Youth’s Perception ............................................................................ 455 Projected Workforce Demand ..................2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ..............................24................................................................... 499 5..................... 504 5............... 500 5..................3 5....7 Projected Workforce Demand .......................................................22..... 452 Workforce Demand and Supply ..... 476 5.....................1 5....20.........................................22.......... 470 5........... 460 Optimization Plan ................24.................................................. 491 5....................23..........23.............2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ................................................................. 482 5..............................................................................................................................................................................20.........23.......................................................................................................................................................................6 Workforce Demand and Supply .....................................11 Optimization Plan ...............................................22....

............................................................24.. 516 5...................................... 516 5......................................................................25......................................................................2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ................................................................ 558 5................. 549 5...7 Projected Workforce Demand .............................................................8 Skill Gap Analysis ................................ 546 5....................................4 Industry Mapping ........................................................ 548 5....................................3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Pali district ............28................ 533 5............................................... 535 5.....................................................25.................................................................... 536 5..............................................................................24...8 Skill Gap Analysis ....................1 Demographic Profile: ................... 521 5......... 510 Optimization Plan ......................27................. 565 5..................6 Workforce Demand and Supply ...........................27...11 Youth Aspirations ............................25........ 563 5............................................2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ............................................ 543 5................................................................................................................................................................... 556 5.......................................................7 Projected Workforce Demand ........................................................................26.........................27....6 Workforce Demand and Supply ........................................25................... 524 5..............................................................................27........................................................26.............................................................................4 Industry Mapping ...................................... 519 5..................................................6 Workforce Demand and Supply ..............................................26...11 Optimization Plan ............5............................................. 563 5...............25.....3 VTI’s demand across various trades ....................... 518 5................4 Industry Mapping ........................................................................ 509 Youth’s Perception ...................................27.........................................26............. 527 5................................................9 Youth Aspirations .....27..........................................25........................................................................................................................................... 540 5....................................26........................................... 552 5.......................................................25................................................9 Youth Aspirations .........................7 Projected Workforce Demand ........................................... 566 30 ..............................................................26..26.4 Industry Mapping ......10 5.............26..........................................................................28.............8 Skill Gap Analysis ..28....25........................................................................................................................................................... 542 5..................................................................................................................................................... 562 5.............................3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Banswara district ....1 Demographic Profile: ....................................................................................................... 560 5.................................................10 Youth’s Perception .............................................1 Demographic Profile: ...27....................... 538 5...........................................28 District Pali ...........................................................................1 Demographic Profile: ..25.................27...................................2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization . 531 5...... 531 5. 524 5............................ 544 5............. 530 5...........................................9 5...28................ 540 5..........11 Optimization Plan ..................... 554 5..... 558 5.........................................................27....25.......................................26.............................................................27..............................................................................................................................................................................................27 District Banswara ....................................................25 District Bharatpur................................................................................................................................................. 526 5.................26.........................................................................9 Youth Aspirations ..................................2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ..................................................... 515 5.............................................5 Sector wise mapping of industries .............. 551 5.................5 Sector wise mapping of industries in the district .............5 Sector wise mapping of industries ....................28...............24.......26. 511 5...................... 547 5.................... 522 5..................................................... 556 5.....................................................................10 Youth’s Perception ...............................25................ 513 5..................................................................10 Youth’s Perception ..........................................................................26 District Baran............. 528 5.........11 Optimization Plan ..........................................................................................................27.3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Bharatpur district .5 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Banswara ..........................................

........................ 576 5.................................7 Projected Workforce Demand ............................................28............9 Youth Aspirations ...................................... 580 5.......31..................... 575 5............. 622 5....................................1 Demographic Profile: .................5 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Ajmer ...................30..................30........................ 598 5.............................................................................9 Youth Aspirations ................................................30............................ 610 5............................................................................................................1 Demographic Profile: .............................29.....29.................32............................................ 591 5......................................................28..... 572 Youth’s Perception ..............................................29................. 616 5................................................... 617 5....................................................................................................31......................................29.....................................................................7 Projected Workforce Demand .................. 592 5................................................28.................................. 580 5................................................................................31...................................30..........................................4 Industry Mapping ........31.11 Workforce Demand and Supply .....................8 Skill Gap Analysis .. 617 5....3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Pratapgarh district ......................................................................... 602 5..................11 Optimization Plan ........................29.............................. 612 5........................................................28..............31.........5 Sector wise mapping of industries .................................. 585 5.......... 621 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ....... 595 5.........................................................8 Skill Gap Analysis ........................................................................................................................................8 5...10 Youth’s Perception ..................5..........................................................................................31..29............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 607 5... 596 5...............6 Workforce Demand and Supply .........29...........................................30.............7 Projected Workforce Demand ................................................................................................................... 615 5............................................10 Youth’s Perception ...................................................................................... 607 5.................................................................. 577 5.............................................................................32.... 583 5..................................................................................... 578 5..........31 District Ajmer ................... 573 Optimization Plan ........30........30..............................................................29...................................... 581 5.................................................. 602 5............ 613 5.................................................................................................. 610 5........10 5.......................................................... 571 Youth Aspirations ........................................6 Workforce Demand and Supply ................................................................8 Skill Gap Analysis ...................31......................................3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Ajmer district .................................10 Youth’s Perception ..........30...................................29.4 Industry Mapping ............................................... 604 5..........30................2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ............................................ 606 5......1 Demographic Profile: .............................................29................................................................................................................. 619 Demographic Profile: .................31....................4 Industry Mapping .................9 5.............................31.......................................................... 567 Projected Workforce Demand ..............2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ..28..................................................................5 Sector wise mapping of industries ............................................... 601 5.....................................................................................6 5.............. 573 5..................................................... 585 5.9 Youth Aspirations ......2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ..............30 District Karauli .............................. 592 5....30............31...........7 5........................................................................................................ 589 5..................30.........................3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Karauli district .....................................................................................................................................29..........................................32 District Jhalawar .............................................................................................................................................................................6 Workforce Demand and Supply ....... 587 5......................2 31 ..1 5..............................31..........................11 Optimization Plan ..............................................11 Optimization Plan ........................................................................................... 569 Skill Gap Analysis ........................................................ 600 5......29 District Pratapgarh .................................................................. 587 5......................28............................................. 594 5...............

........................................4 Industry Mapping ........................................................33...................9 Youth Aspirations ...........................................................11 Optimization Plan ...................................8 Skill Gap Analysis .........................................5 Sector wise mapping of industries in the district .................33 District Jhunjhunu ............................................................. 691 32 ......................... 663 List of Sample Survey Respondents in the Pilot Districts: ................................................................................................ 626 5....................... 651 Questionnaire for Labour Unions .....................32....................................................................................33................................. 639 5....6 Workforce Demand and Supply ..................................................................... 629 5........................... 641 5.......................................................................................................... 644 5.............................10 Youth’s Perception ....................................................................................................................................................... 642 5.. 634 5....................................1 Demographic Profile: ......................................................................................................................5 Sector wise mapping of industries ...........10 Youth’s Perception .............33.............8 Skill Gap Analysis ......33........................................................................33....32................................. 689 Wage Structure across districts as per sample interviews ...................... 628 5...... 631 5.............................................. 668 List of industries interviewed in primary survey ...... 635 5................... 633 5.................................................................................. 640 5........................................... 687 FGD with youth and the number of participants ...........32................................. 622 5................................................ 659 Questionnaire for Youth Surveys ...............................................................................................................................................................................4 Industry Mapping ................................................32...3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Jhunjhunu district .32..................................................................................................6 Workforce Demand and Supply ....................................................................................33...32.............7 Projected Workforce Demand .............................................. 631 5..3 VTI’s demand across various trades ............33............................................................33............... 690 Sectoral Employment Figures projected for districts (as per DIC data) & Demand-Supply Projections ....2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization ....11 Optimization Plan ....... 637 5................................32... 669 List of Industry Associations / District Industries Centers’ interviewed in primary survey ........................................................................................................................ 685 List Interviews: District level officials/ ITI/ Colleges/ Labor Unions ........................................................... 648 5..... 638 5.......................................................33.............................................................32...........................................9 Youth Aspirations ....................................5..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 649 Annexures ................................ 651 Questionnaire for Major Employers ....................................................................7 Projected Workforce Demand ............................................................ 647 5..... 656 Questionnaire for Vocational Training Institutes .....................................................................................................32....................................................... 624 5................. 667 HDI & GDI ................................................................................................................... 646 5......................................................33...............................................................................................................33....................................................................

A pilot study was undertaken in five districts to examine the robustness of the research tools in terms of their efficacy in addressing critical data needs and ease in using them during the field survey on respondents identified by the Rajasthan Skill and Livelihoods Development Corporation (RSLDC). However. it has been observed that about 80 percent of the Indian workforce does not possess identifiable marketable skills. However. do not give due recognition to the value skilled workers bring. India is transitioning to a skills-based economy and its competitive edge will be determined by the abilities of its people to create. analytical. This is primarily due to the lack of focus on development of specific skills required by industry. share and use knowledge more effectively. the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) has undertaken an exercise to conduct a skill gap assessment for the state of Rajasthan. To benefit from globalization. particularly in small-scale industries. Skill shortage is evident in every sector of the economy. and this is another reason for the poor skill sets of the Indian workforce. Given the above context. For this engagement. the lack of quality trainers and training institutes is proving to be a roadblock to growth. 33 . and innovative use of research tools focused on extracting accurate information in quantitative or qualitative formats. India has one of the largest and the youngest population in the world. adaptable and multiskilled. It needs to develop skilled workers who will be more flexible.Preface Skills enhancement has always been critical for the economic and social development of any country. Accenture teamed up with Development & Research Services (DRS) to provide firsthand information relevant to this study through field surveys. The objective was to identify a district-wise skill gap by mapping the expected skill requirements to match the growth plans across various high-impact sectors. a developing economy such as India requires a large and skilled workforce. employers. Besides. It is observed that countries with skilled manpower respond more effectively to the challenges and opportunities of globalization.

The study looks at the current and future profile of industries.Executive Summary Background and Scope of Work The National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) is an apex body for defining and building sustainable skill development initiatives through public private partnership (PPP). The secondary data was gleaned from various sources such as census data and the statistical abstract report from the Department of Economics and Statistics. youths and vocational training institutes (VTIs). The study projects the skills needed and the skill gaps in various sectors for every district. Structured questionnaires and qualitative approaches such as focused group discussions (FGDs) and in-depth interviews one-to-one interviews were used to gather data from primary sources. civil society organizations and nongovernment organizations (NGOs). The methodology designed for the study included primary and secondary research. Based on the findings of our study and our recommendations. It helps understand the requirements and opportunities within Rajasthan. Methodology. an action plan would be developed for each district. existing skills gap in vocational and skill training infrastructure (demand-supply gap). It also examined the following three critical components: —Demand-side parameters: Investment trends (sector-specific). training providers and industry to develop suitable skilling interventions. It strives to sustain an environment conducive to the inclusive growth of India by partnering with industries. The final report is broadly divided into four sections. Accenture was given the mandate of conducting the study for Rajasthan. first for every district and then for the state as a whole. The overall objective of the study was to assess the district-level skills gap. For secondary research. the Government of Rajasthan. The study focuses on identifying the current demand-supply trends. The study will be leveraged by all the stakeholders such as NSDC. the employment opportunities available. The study looked at the current and future potential for employment generation and absorption of skilled. It shows the existing gaps in the labor market and the future needs of industry based on projected growth. Gross District Domestic Product (GDDP). a detailed approach and methodology was developed for skills gap and requirement assessment keeping in mind the key focus areas for various stakeholders. and the support mechanism available to address the skilled workforce needs of every district and eventually of the state. value per worker. both in terms of numbers and the required skills and competence. Approach. The qualitative and quantitative aspects were covered by interviews with key stakeholders such as industries. and percentage of skilled. action plans and recommendations to enhance the overall workforce scenario. we used various published reports and data from relevant departments of the state and central government. Sampling and Data Sources Given the outlined scope of work. NSDC is in the process of conducting a district-wise skills gap study for all the states in the country. semiskilled and unskilled workforce into appropriate sectors. semiskilled and unskilled resources 34 .

—Supply-side parameters: Population projection. manufacturing witnessed the highest growth during the last few years. Rajasthan currently accounts for 4 percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). Selection of educational institutes such as engineering and medical colleges were based on cluster sampling. colleges and work places/homes. Population: In the last 10 years. A relative analysis of Rajasthan—its population. which led to increased investments in large and medium-scale industries. unemployed and employed (post training) were interviewed to complete the groupings for the youth survey who were interviewed at various training institutes. hotels. Though the pace of growth has slowed. The decadal growth rate of Rajasthan’s population at 21. various skill development schemes. the manufacturing and services sectors have seen significant growth in the last decade and now account for faster increase in GDP. District officials involved in similar initiatives were also interviewed. demographic pattern and other socioeconomic indicators—will be useful in understanding where Rajasthan stands with respect to other states.44 percent is higher than that of India at 17. In the tertiary sector. Stratified (disproportionate) sampling was used to select the employers in industry sample. Within the secondary sector. The high-growth phase started in 2003 after the announcement of the New Industrial Policy. and workforce continuing in the similar work sphere for a specified period —Support-side parameters: The number of students passing out from various institutes and thus the infrastructure available to provide skilled workforce A meticulous approach was adopted to ensure a proper representation of all stakeholders as per the methodology. between 2001 and 2011. Young trainees.8 percent in 2001-02 to 21. Growths in manufacturing and services have also pushed up income levels. mapping known institutes for an understanding of the skill-job market scenario of the state. It is primarily an agrarian economy. In case of VTIs. manufacturing and construction have been leading the growth story at 87 percent. but there has been steady decline in the GDP share of agriculture over the years—from 35. On the contrary.5 percent in 2010-11. It brought about rapid growth in the secondary sector as well as in the tertiary sector. IT and IT-enabled services (ITES) and retail emerged. trade. restaurants and transport have seen the maximum growth. a more convenient sampling was used to cover both public and private sectors. it is still higher than 35 . Socioeconomic Analysis of Rajasthan: Comparing with other states of India Accenture tried to understand the state’s macro socioeconomic conditions by identifying the key industries and high-growth sectors. the population of Rajasthan has grown at an alarming rate—by about seven times compared with five times for India during the same period. workforce participation rate. Accenture took the help of the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) to contact other industry associations for in-depth interviews of the employers. and other factors that have a direct or indirect bearing on the study. area.64 percent.

715 unit in IMR and it is significant at 1 percent level of probability. the population of India is 121. Rajasthan’s is 6. According to the census.74 crore and providing employment to 13. which is five times that of Kerala and way above the 50 for all of India.3 births per woman against the national 2. defined as the number of females per thousand males in the age group 0–6 years. Even the state's landlocked character is an advantage as the state is now part of the rapid transit corridor that links western and northern India. First.518 MSMEs registered in the state. Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) Policy Package in 2008 to help small and medium enterprises achieve global competence. there were 3. Population Density and Sex Ratio: Rajasthan’s population density has increased from 165 per square kilometers in Census 2001 to 201 in Census 2011.584.66 percent for females. Rajasthan ranks No. 35.14 percent for males and 65.06 percent—80.51 percent for males and 52. the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is four times that of Kerala and the third-highest in India. down from twentieth place in 2001. is 926 compared with the all-India 940. Second. expressed in terms of number of females per thousand males.04 percent. up from 921 in 2001. But an analysis indicates that a rise in female literacy increases the likelihood of a reduction in infant mortality rate (IMR)—that an increase of one unit in the female literacy rate will result in a decline of 0. On an all-India scale. 2010. 33 among India’s 35 states and union territories in literacy. Significantly in a country where female infanticide is still an issue. Rajasthan introduced the Micro.6. This is significant in a state where the IMR is much higher than the national average. Rajasthan has enormous scope for development of renewable energy. it is at No. In male literacy. with the fertility rate at 3. accounting for investments of INR10.979 people.95. Rajasthan's relatively less fertile land with low occupational density is becoming an advantage since converting land for industrial use comes at a lower cost. it stands at 59 per thousand live births. Industries: Rajasthan is on the verge of a major industrial transformation. As of March 31.34. 36 . Literacy: Rajasthan’s literacy rate is 67.46 percent for females. From the twenty-eighth position it occupied in 2001.02 crore. Rajasthan has seen a slight increase of five females per thousand males in the last decade—the sex ratio is now at 926. The state’s sex ratio.86 crore. At 388 per lakh live births. it is at No. at the bottom. it is at twenty-first position in 2011. This is against the all-India level of 74. mineral wealth. But the state has slipped in child sex ratio. and 82. Third. Fertility as well as mortality levels in Rajasthan are very high. it declined to twenty-ninth place in 2011. including gas and oil. MMR for India is 254. 27 and in case of females. has been discovered in the state.the national average.

The unskilled workforce is projected at a surplus of 9.2% per annum. Although about two-thirds of the workforce in the state is Figure 1 Incremental human resource requirement across high growth sectors till employed in agriculture. Rajasthan needs to create 7-8 lakh new livelihoods every year. In contrast.04 lakh semiskilled workers by 2017. If we factor in factors such as workforce participation and investment patterns. Taking backlog of the unemployed persons.8 lakh by 2017 as the supply of this category of workforce will remain high while the demand Figure 2 Projected workforce distributions by 2017 37 .Key Findings The working population of the State is 280 lakhs and is growing at the rate of 2. While the share of agriculture in SDP growth has declined rapidly over time. According to a preliminary analysis based on secondary resources.23 lakh of skilled and 20. which translates to a net addition of 6 lakh persons in the workforce every year. Many of those employed are working at a subsistence level of existence due to emphasis on hiring of casual labour and risky and low income yielding agriculture. the agricultural workforce has shown only a marginal decline of 9 percent between 1950 and 2011. it is estimated that Rajasthan will have an incremental human resource requirement of approximately 60 lakh workers by 2017 across a few high-priority sectors (see figure 1). their 2017 and 2022 in the state of Rajasthan contribution to state domestic product (SDP) is only about 30 percent. the remaining one-third of the workforce involved in other occupations contributes 70 percent. the state would require an additional 3.

and to provide sustainable livelihoods and better financial security will also be key to fulfilling the future workforce needs of the state. technology changes. customer preferences and government policy. number of students graduating. Apart from these trades like security. drivers and mechanics also form a considerable segment of unorganized sector. by 2017. and up-skilling of semiskilled workers to skilled. Diploma. skilled work experience people. migration and employability. beautician. Simultaneously. The human resources requirement was estimated on the basis of the following parameters: historical growth rate of the industry. The figure below summarizes the projected workforce scenario of the state by 2017 under the skilled. polytechnics. illiterate.will reduce substantially (the maximum number of unskilled workers are household workers and agricultural laborers). The inference drawn from the study regarding the skilling requirement draws similarity in the state’s target to train.form the part of skilled category 3% Managerial positions. the availability of human resources was calculated on the basis of the following parameters: current educational infrastructure of the industrial training institutes ITIs. Another key focus for the state should be on the possibility of converting surplus unskilled workers to semiskilled. manufacturing industries. and stone polishing/workers. hospitality etc. Table 1: Workforce breakdown in 2017 across sectors In Rajasthan. maximum absorption into unorganized sector ITIs. 24 lakh youths through various initiatives under the Twelfth Five Year Plan. 46% Unorganized labour in farms and allied. strong communication and analytical skills. Autoengineering. MBA graduates. residential skilled potential Semi-Skilled Skilled Specialized/ Skilled Highly No formal skilling provided. private skilling initiatives in the state etc. employment pattern. The additional targets needs to be maintained in successive plans (Twelfth Five Year Plan is for the period 2012 to 2017) keeping in mind developments after 2017. experienced. leadership roles. industrial productivity. engineering institutes and colleges. technicians. skilled over a period of time with experience. Large-scale initiatives for skilling the unskilled to semiskilled. household workers 37% Unorganized/ Informal/ Handicrafts/ Tourism sectors (local level)/ Services 17% IT/ITES. The unorganized sectors in general have various levels of skilled defined as per the number of months/years put as experience. ITCs. From the primary survey carried out in terms of requirement across sectors of skilled. gems and jewelry. the major unorganized sectors would be handloom and handicrafts. semi-skilled and unskilled resources as per requirement of industries (survey carried out with 366 industries from 21 sectors) the following classification was inferred: Unskilled (Informal/Unorganized) Early school drop outs. semiskilled and unskilled categories. etc. construction. highly skilled in specific domain. 38 .

a summary snapshot Some of the other trainings which are provided within the state by central budgets fall under the MSME. existing workers and ITI graduates along with specific training modules and courses outlined for artisan groups. Rajasthan Knowledge Corporation Limited. The major figures could be summarized as follows for the previous five year plan: Departments/ Institutes Department of Agriculture Department of Higher & Technical Education RSLDC (erstwhile RMoL) EMI Dept.5 lakh aspirants in various IT related training courses in last three years of which above 35. farmers and entrepreneurs. of Science & Technology Number of youths trained 8762 69873 65172 2240 384 Duration of courses 2 months to 2 years 6 months. the Ministries/ Departments have launched and implementing various schemes on skill development to empower the workforce engaged in various sectors with an objective to provide employable skills to the school pass outs.3 years 45-90 days 4-6 weeks 4-6 weeks Table 2 Trained youths through major initiatives of the state in skilling 39 . Social Justice & Empowerment etc.000 youths have been given online government recruitment services and placed 15. The VTIs (ITI/ITC/KVK/other institutes supported by state) have very small number in terms of overall skilling imparted to the beneficiaries. Khadi and Village Industries. Health & Family Welfare. a public limited company promoted by Government of Rajasthan has trained 1.000 youths.Skilling initiatives by the state In Rajasthan. Figure 3 Skilling initiatives across various departments in the state.

especially 40 . Awareness regarding the upcoming private organizations and scope of work was far less.The common phenomenon observed across districts was the preference of youth for government jobs.1500. In contemporary market.The average starting salary expected post training completion was Rs. More than 90% of the youth (among the employed category) interviewed did not get any annual increments neither they opined for any such incentives. Parents also desired for salaried government jobs for better future (as per parents). The figure below highlights few of these aspects: Figure 4 Status update of state skill development schemes Youths Aspiration In terms of youth aspirations. the average initial salary was on the lower side. 7000 (even though engaging in start-up jobs) with basic perks of Rs.The observations made were that the VTIs were underutilized in terms of seating capacity. More than 87% of the respondents felt that they were ready for any kind of government jobs of which only 15% had received complete training for getting absorbed as semi/skilled workforce Higher and better salary structure after getting training and absorbed by industry. This was due to reason that the youth believed that government jobs were more secure. the state had some of the following findings: High Preference for government jobs over private jobs. fund utilization and outdated in the course curriculum structures.

the IT skills in IT/ITES. The awareness of some specific training courses designed for shorter duration with better placement results was lacking and if available. wiring and mechanic. District Perspective Only 11 districts have had some major initiatives moving in skill development and private partners (NGOs. The mismatch in expectations and actual scenario was clearly high.for service sector industries (refer table 3). retail and manufacturing sector was followed by engineering technical skills in manufacturing. In terms of technical skills preference. summarized district fact sheet for each of the district study given which highlights the skill prospects of the district): Top Five Jaipur Alwar Kota Jhunjhunu Bharatpur Emerging Five Jodhpur Ajmer Bhilwara Bikaner Udaipur Bottom Five Pratapgarh Tonk Sawai Madhopur Jalore Rajsamand Table 3 Districts positioned in skill development training initiatives of the state 41 . along with basic knowledge of computers would enable them for better job opportunities with higher better starting salaries.This was fast emerging requirement among the youths that better communication skills. the top five and the bottom five in terms of skilling initiatives shall be as follows (Also.). mines and minerals and construction sector. This was also essential for growth in professional terms. private colleges etc. IT. fitter. These courses were electrical. Preference for courses . Figure 5 Preferred trades and the satisfaction levels post trainings among youths-primary survey Training for better communication and basic know-how of computer. make-up etc. hair cutting. Some of the self-employing courses which were available options with the youth was in tailoring. If ranked as per rankings. it was more in few top five districts performing in skill development training.The courses in preference were more from the present available options largely from existing ITI/ITC lists.

initial salary Rs. Jodhpur (5. In terms of the demand for some of the high priority service sectors (analyzed across all the districts) the workforce requirement could be observed with relatively high demand and low entry level remuneration. self-employment. and Bhilwara (4. medicine shops. demand very high with initial salary of Rs.4000 salary Electrician High High ITIs.3500 Potential in small scale set ups is high.3500 Private providers exist in few numbers. initial salary Rs. Alwar (5. supply and support in the state of Rajasthan These trades would majorly cater for the existing repair and services industries with the upcoming IT sector. 4000 Skilling process is as per the trade and initial salary is Rs 3000 Wiring Repairing (domestic) Automobiles mechanic & High Low ITIs. Polytechnics High Low None Courier Delivery High Low None Sales marketing & High Low None (far less than existing demand) Localized & Low (trained in industry) None (no specific support apart from MSME trg) Gems & Jewelry High Low Handicrafts Handloom & High Medium Table 4 High priority service sector demand.69%). it was inferred that 62% of the state GDP comes from just 12 districts and the top five districts were namely Jaipur (15.3500 Upcoming requirement as per the market needs.77%).4500 Self-employment option with rise of mobility and accessibility. supermarkets. The supply was on the lower side due to the inadequate support mechanism across districts. The commonality in the performance of the districts in terms of economy. formalized training in sales in absent. industrialization and skill development was evident as the same set of districts appeared in every set. initial expected is Rs. Some of the most 42 . Across the districts the service sectors (across various industries) had specific pattern and workforce requirement in skilled categories.3500 Engagement in two & four wheeler mechanic.95%). Ajmer (5. This could be summarized as given in the table 3 (below): Trades Demand Supply Support Remarks Self-employment.30%).4000 High potential in Jaipur.Also. self-employment. initial salary Rs. initial salary Rs. initial salary Rs. industries in DMIC and Alwar region and the handicraft & handloom sector. ITCs None (a few initiatedprivate training providers) Localized (on job training at shops) Computer Based Accountancy & IT High Low Mobile Repairing High Low Requirement of TALLY accounting in malls. initial salary expected Rs.04%).

a snapshot Therefore. communication. which shall be in the interest of all stakeholders – the Government. Thus. implementation and operations):- Figure 6 Action points for stakeholders of the study. Recommendations The broad contours of our skill building development plan with certain action points for each stakeholders would be as follows (the complete report would bring out the district specific plans and action plans for stakeholders at various levels of planning. focus would be needed on all the above mentioned areas to ensure the emergence of a ‘skilled workforce’. Similarly the rural set-up of agriculture and allied industries would engage the unskilled unorganized labour with quick access to the resource pool in the villages. gems and jewelry. auto-engineering.common trades like gems and jewelry. less flexible and fit into a model. and IT/ITES. manufacturing. There were some examples of how skills gaps manifest themselves across companies in different sectors as well. some of the common sectors which had bearing over the state results were tourism and hospitality. The Government of Rajasthan would continue to play an active role in these initiatives and coordinate with all stakeholders and NSDC would play an enabling catalyst to fasten the results by getting its partners more skill development grounds to work on. training partners. local hotels (hospitality) and construction set-ups would continue to engage household workers or in other words the major portion of unorganized labour. industries. and the agencies like NSDC. As observed across the districts of the state. Skills shortages aren’t confined to just a few industries. Some of the common requirements which could be also highlighted as gaps were lack of life skills. mines and minerals. handloom and handicrafts. lack of market understanding and linkages. leather. it 43 . and orientation to the services provided as a provider. construction.

The sectors included in the study are secondary and tertiary sectors. In all the districts of Rajasthan. the sample size of the stakeholders envisaged was not advisable to cover as there are limited trades across industries and similar trends are observed in the formation/running of VTIs. Assumptions made for the projections were to determine the academic and arithmetic results and some of the factors like migration (seasonal/distress/volunteer etc. the survey was time bound. repeated visits to the employers for data collection was not feasible. 44 .is by transforming the ‘skill landscape’ of the state we would be preparing the state human resources to face the challenges and opportunities thrown by the demands of economic growth in the coming years. so reflection of village level data would not be possible. Challenges and Limitations Some of the challenges and limitations of this study were the unavailability of the employers for data sharing and scheduling issues.) were not factored for the generation of results. this study was the major output of survey carried out at district and some block level. Also. Since.

1. The main objective of this section is to give an understanding on how the Globalization is creating a great demand for a skilled workforce with emerging market needs. Introduction This chapter outlines the overall concept of Skill Development initiative in India. the emerging trend of the workforce demand in the market. 45 .

India is emerging with one of the youngest populations in the world comprising of a highly mobile. From manufacturing to services and agriculture. the services sector has the potential to become the primary employment generator. India will face a demand of 500 million skilled workers. India will have a 2 billion sized English speaking work force by the end of 2020. labour. 46 . It is fast expanding at a rate of 17% and integrating rapidly into the global economy. It is estimated that by 2022. As the Indian economy matures. Chapter 1: Introduction 1. skilled labour is a key requirement to fuel the growth engine of any economy.3 billion mark. On the other hand. with the proportion of the work force in the age group of 15-59 years. In order to sustain labour-intensive growth would depend crucially on the expansion of the labour force’s skill capabilities with skills and knowledge as driving forces of economic Figure 7 Change in Population 2007-2020 (projected) growth.2001 to 2015 (Projected) the Service and the Manufacturing sectors).1. English speaking population. the world population of people above 60 years will hit the 1. presently only 5% of the total workforce in India have undergone skills training. Germany and France.1. However.21 billion. India is among the ‘young’ countries in the world. increasing steadily. India can become the worldwide sourcing hub for skilled workforce. India has a great opportunity to meet the future demands of the world. and the Government. Study Background India’s population is huge at 1. Vocational Training Institutes. By 2050. Skills development is an area that spans across all sectors of the economy. Training such a workforce will imply that India can become the major exporter in the services sector as well as an exporter of manpower itself. This trend will lead to the widening of the demand-supply gap. especially in the developed nations like America. The key stakeholders in skills development are the Industry (both Figure 8 Employment by Sectors . The world (both developed and developing economies) is experiencing an ever widening gap between the demand and supply of skilled labour. India’s skill development initiatives of skilling approximately 500 million people will make India the ‘global manpower hub’.

a detailed approach and methodology has been developed for skill gap assessment and prediction keeping in mind the key focus areas across 47 .2. state of education Identify developmental opportunities keeping in mind factor endowments and stakeholder perspectives Identify specific developmental initiatives/projects which have an impact on employment generation Articulate the aspirations of the youth Identify the current and future (next 5 years ) skills and manpower requirements by industry and estimate the gap that exists Study the existing vocational training infrastructure both in the private sector and the government domain Suggest suitable interventions/recommendations to address the skills gap. labour needs to be sufficiently skilled as per the changing industry dynamics. o Recommendations should also include specific initiatives that NSDC can take based on the mandate of the organisation o Action plan with indicative timelines 1. Project Scope The overall objective of this assignment is to assess the district level skill gap both in terms of quantifiable numbers and required skills and competence. action plans and recommendations to enhance the overall structure and input. in order to contribute to growth.1. Therefore. Scope of Work The scope of work as articulated in the terms of reference (TOR) is listed as below: Review district wise Socio-economic profile– demography. Recommendations have to be specific and actionable.Growth and productivity in any part of the value chain in a sector will substantially contribute to the national economy and automatically attract FDI inflows. Productivity is directly affected by the efficiency of labour and capital inputs. This would include the current and future profile of industries. 1. This study would provide the As-Is scenario of skill gap in terms of numbers of manpower estimates and required skills and competence.2. existing skill gap in vocational/skill training infrastructure (demand supply gap). economic profile of district by industry. India has seen increased FDI inflow in recent years especially in the manufacturing sector. employment opportunities associated to the industry profiles. 1. The study will be leveraged by NSDC and Government of Rajasthan to develop a suitable skilling intervention for various districts of the state.3. Hypothesis for Skill Gap Assessment & Prediction Given the scope of work outlined in the previous section.

their levels of qualification and specialization. 48 . need for possible skill enhancement to adapt to new technologies and demand trends.various stakeholders and the outcome to be derived during assessment study as depicted in the figure below: Figure 9 Hypothesis on Skill Gap Assessment and Prediction An attempt will be made to understand the current and future potential for employment generation and absorption of skilled. The supply side review would require an examination of availability of skilled. Supply side parameters. sector specific growth patterns. semi-skilled and unskilled workers. It would also entail examination of the following three critical components: 1. and 3. FDIs and other factors. semi-skilled and unskilled workforce into appropriate sectors. Demand side parameters. 2. production and consumption patterns. Support side parameters Demand side will include an overview of the investment trends and potentials.

(DRS)survey partner. The secondary data from various sources like census data and other reports like Statistical abstract report from Department of Economics and Statistics has been used for this study. in a recession scenario. deployed a trained supervisor and a professional team of field investigators for field survey and were given a formal orientation on the subject and initial mock rounds were conducted (as per convenience) in the district of Jaipur for the ease of investigators. Study Methodology Considering the primary objectives of the study. opening of new industries. Labour unions. The support side should thus show a reaction in terms of increasing number of VT institutions. with a corresponding reflection in the supply side – with demand for new training courses and skills. in-depth interviews. It is essential to understand the interplay of parameters in the above three sub-groups and cluster them as ‘cause and effect parameters’. In this regard. As part of projections. professional investigators from Development and Research Services Private Ltd. there is still a need to use proxy indicators to validate the hypothesis. The detailed methodology entailed the scope of covering the qualitative and quantitative approach by doing primary and secondary research for the quantitative data and Focused Group Discussions (FGDs). with the supply side reacting to this with deviation of workforce from investing on or seeking better skills. etc. new options for training with upgraded technology. While primary and secondary data may be available for many parameters. case studies. semi-skilled and unskilled labour into various 49 . range of learning opportunities. the respondent’s from Employers/ Industry. The data from primary sources was elicited using the structured questionnaires and qualitative approaches like FGDs and in depth interviews using the discussion guidelines on a one-toone basis. The study intends to rely on data from primary as well as secondary sources. It is also critical to examine the interplay of parameters under two different scenarios such as Growing Market Receding Market In a growing market scenario. The support side will also show its reaction be limiting the VT sector to a more financially viable scale instead of expanding. 1. the demand side parameters will show negative trends. upward mobility of the workforce. The present study proposes to test the above mentioned scenarios using primary and secondary data on objectively verifiable indicators. etc.The support side would include an assessment of available vocational training facilities in terms of access. adaptation to technological growth and other parameters. and observations along with expert comments were the tools used for qualitative study. On the other hand..4. youths and VT providers (Private and Government) has been covered through extensive field survey across the districts in Rajasthan. secondary research was carried out along with setting up of assumptions for division of workforce into skilled. expansion of sectors. it is expected that there will be rise in investments. quality of offered services.

As part of the follow-up action after the detailed study. key district officials etc.sectors. Labour Unions. an analysis would be carried out and then provide with the state action plan. This was proposed by carrying out both primary as well as secondary survey of the key stakeholders and resources of the study. The support from RSLDC & CII enabled better access to VTIs. The following figure provides a snapshot of the activities undertaken with the key stakeholder’s who were consulted during the pilot study conducted in five districts. :- Figure 10 Snapshot of the study methodology and the implementation approach 50 . highlighting the methodology and the implementation process. Industries.

(Please refer to annexure for detailed list of employers. district officials related to similar initiatives were also interviewed. Stratified (Disproportionate) Sampling was used to capture the employer (industry) sample. The profile of the employer database for the state would be as follows (illustrative representing the sample of the industries in the state and also for districts):100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 1 2 3 1 1 1 in hundreds 3 2 Agri & Allied Services 1 1 4 Manufacturing 1 4 1 2 1 Large Medium Small 1 0 Informal/Unorga nized Industries Manufacturing Agri & Allied Services Informal/Unorganized in hundreds Figure 11 Stratified (disproportionate) sampling for selection of industries In case of Vocational Training Institutes (VTIs) a more convenient sampling was sought after to reach 10 of them taking care of the composition of private as well as government for every district. youth coverage and industry associations covered in the pilot study) Full Scale Roll out Approach In order to complete the study within the stipulated time frame with full scale rollout we shall be doing this study in a cluster based approach wherein we have segregated the districts of Rajasthan into small clusters of four to five districts each cluster. unemployed. Industry associations were reached out through the efforts of CII and Accenture team in order to get in-depth interviews of the industry associations. The youth were interviewed in the VTIs (and snowball effect was observed for getting the required respondents) to complete the groupings of trainees. The proposed clustering is presented in the following table: 51 . Selection of educational institutes like engineering and medical colleges were based on cluster sampling mapping the known institutes in order to capture the understanding of the skill-job market scenario of the state. Similarly. VTIs.The approach adapted for selection of the stakeholders were meticulously planned in order to have the representation of the stakeholders as per the methodology. self-employed and employed.

Dholpur 6 Sri Ganganagar. Sikar.Bharatpur. Udaipur. Bundi. the survey is time bound repeated visits to the employers for data collection may not be feasible. orientation and training of the field teams. Baran 4 Bhilwara.Rajasthan Total no. Jalor. Ajmer. Churu 7 Jhunjunun. Banswara 3 Pratapgadh. Jaipur 5 Sawai Madhopur. Kota. The Supervisors will be in charge of data quality control and timely completion of surveys in their respective clusters. Jhalawar. It is expected that the completion time for the survey will range between 18 to 20 days for a seven districts cluster. Chittorgarh. Pali. Bikaner. Rajsamand. Tonk.5. The field teams will be recruited locally to ensure that the team members have knowledge of local conditions and understand the language. Karauli. 1. 1 Jaisalmer. Udaipur. of Districts to be covered: 33 Cluster Districts Covered No. Dungarpur. Limitations of the Study Unavailability of the employers for data sharing and scheduling issues. In all the districts of Rajasthan the sample size of the stakeholders envisaged may not be feasible as there are limited trades across industries and similar trends are observed in the formation/running of VTIs Assumptions made for the projections were made to determine the academic and arithmetic results and some of the factors like migration (seasonal/distress/volunteer etc. Barmer. Nagaur 2 Sirohi. . Since. Hanumangarh. Jodhpur. Dausa Figure 12 Division of Rajasthan into seven clusters for survey Table 5 Division of Rajasthan into seven clusters for survey Each cluster presented in the tables above will have a field team led by Cluster Supervisor supported by a team of three Investigators.) are not factored for the generation of results 52 . The study will be coordinated by one senior professional in each state who will be in charge of recruitment.

Geographical clusters for the large.2. The main objective of this section is to provide an insight to the education and workforce in light of the State Economy. State Industrial & Education Scenario This chapter outlines the overall analysis and findings on the State level macro Socio economic parameters. 53 . medium. highlights various government schemes & programs towards skill development aiming to promote a meaningful and employable skill development system and provides an insight on the attitudes and perceptions of the youth at state level. small and micro industries in the state. Key industries and key growth areas of the state.

Rajasthan’s economy was primarily agrarian. According to the Reserve Bank of India. which led to increased investments in large and medium scale industries.2 in 20092010. Bhilwara. Rajasthan currently accounts for 4% of the country’s GDP. with agriculture accounting for over 50% of the share of the primary sector. The secondary sector showed rapid growth. and Ganganagar and Chittorgarh grew as agro-processing and cement producing centres. followed by the tertiary sector.Chapter 2: State Industrial & Educational Scenario 2. and Retail also emerged.9% from 1999-2000 to US$ 699.7% over the period 2000-01 to 2005-06.4% of India. source CMIE manufacturing and construction have an 87% contribution. Figure 14 Break-up of sectors as per investment 54 .5% in 2010-11. Industrial activity was restricted to Jaipur. The state features the Thar Desert and the Aravalli Ranges. Manufacturing and services sector on the contrary witnessed enhanced growth in last decade. Figure 13 GSDP of Rajasthan (in $billion). these account for faster increase in the GDP and increased the income levels. Primarily agriculture economy since years. In the tertiary sector. there has been steady decline in the GDP share of agriculture from 35. the structure of the State’s economy has undergone a change. While India’s GDP reported a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7. the NSDP of Rajasthan reported a CAGR of 4% over the same period. while sectors like IT/ITES1. restaurants and transport have the highest contribution. Thus. Post-2003 however a vast change was seen. The Per Capita Income is an indicator of the standard of living of the people in Rajasthan. Macro-economic Factors Rajasthan is the largest state of the nation and covers close to 10. as is true of the rest of the country. The industrial landscape then consisted of small scale industries. The high growth phase started after the announcement of the New Industrial Policy. In the pre-1990s.1. hotels. Over the years. manufacturing has witnessed the highest growth during the last few years. Udaipur and Jodhpur. The per capita GSDP of Rajasthan increased at a CAGR of almost 7. Within the secondary sector. trade.8% in 2001-02 to 21.

Socio-Economic Analysis of Rajasthan w.715 units in the IMR and it is significant at 1 percent level of probability. Rajasthan ranks 33rd amongst the 35 states and union territories and in case of male and female literacy it ranks 27 and 35 respectively. This indicates that increase in female literacy may increase the likelihood in the reduction of IMR. Population Density & Sex Ratio: The Population density in Rajasthan has increased from 165 per sq. There is a slight increase of five females per thousand males from 2001 to 2011.r. In total literacy. 82. whereas. Rajasthan is at the bottom in terms of the female literacy rate. The fertility and mortality levels of Rajasthan are unacceptably high with the Total Fertility Rate of Rajasthan at 3. Literacy: The literacy rate of Rajasthan is 67.46 percent respectively for persons. The percentage variation between the projected population of 2011 and the actual provisional population of 2011 is 1. In overall sex ratio. India was the first country to initiate a family welfare programme way back in the 1950s.06 in total and 80. in case of child sex ratio.64 percent between 2001 and 2011. the overall sex ratio has increased from 905 to 926 compared to a decline from 972 to 940 in case of India. the provisional population of Rajasthan is 6.48 percent in case of India. An analysis reveals that an increase of one unit in the female literacy rate will result in a decline of 0. Among the states in India.km. one of the Empowered Action Group (EAG) states. which has declined from a high of 21. Rajasthan was 28th in position during Census 2001 and it has declined to 29th position during the recent census of 2011. It is alarming that historically during the last 110 years between 1901 and 2011. Population: Population is a perennial problem in India as well as some of its constituent states.t other states & India A relative analysis keeping in mind the population. the population of Rajasthan has grown by about seven times compared to five times in case of all India during the same period. it was in the 20 th position among the states during Census 2001 and now it has assumed 21st position in Census 2011. which is 17. but still. area.14 and 65. In the last 110 years from 1901 to 2011.6 in case of India and the Maternal Mortality Ratio th th 55 .17 percent in Rajasthan compared to 1.54 percent during 1991 and 2001.02 crore. in Rajasthan. It has increased from 30 in 1901 to 201 in 2011 in the last 110 years. It is still higher than the decadal growth rate of India.04 percent. Decadal Growth Rate: The decadal growth rate of the population of Rajasthan is 21. This problem is more acute in Rajasthan. The overall sex ratio of the population of Rajasthan in terms of number of females per thousand males is 926 compared to 940 in case of all India. demographic pattern and other socioeconomic indicators would aid in drawing parallel of the state of Rajasthan with other states of the nation and also showcase the overall position in the nation.51 percent and 52. in Census 2001 to 201 in Census 2011.the State had FDI inflow of US$ 470 million over a decade primarily in sectors related to electricity and construction. According to the census provisional total figures.44 percent compared to 28. males and females in case of all India. Though the pace of growth has slowed down.41 percent in the previous decennial period of 1991-2001.66 for males and females respectively compared to 74. Among the States.3 births per woman as compared to 2. In order to address this population problem in India. it is higher than the all India level. the population of India is 121.86 crore.

2. There are 35 DICs working in the State and 7 sub-centres at Balotra. Industry Department The main functions of the Industry Department are promotion of small scale industries.(MMR) at 388 per lakh live births (four times to that of Kerala and third highest in India) compared to 254 in case of India and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) at 59 per thousand live births (five times to that of Kerala) compared to 50 in case of India. it is easier to exploit than is the case with mineral wealth under forests in other parts of India. Makrana. Kishangarh and 56 . development of salt areas. assistance and facilities for industrial activities. The strong sun for long duration is now an advantage as solar power becomes an ecologically preferred source of power with subsidies available from domestic and international sources. So is the strong surface wind for wind power. to assist in the marketing of their products. First is the issue of acquisition of land which is now emerging as a chief constraint for industrial development in India. At present. Industry Scenario. 2. facilities and assistance for setting up of industrial units in the State. Beawar. even the state's landlocked character becomes an advantage as the state becomes land-linked through rapid transit between two rapidly growing regions of western and northern India as well to the sea.Rajasthan The Directorate of Industries is responsible for the development of industries and handicrafts in the State and providing necessary guidance. The Department also provides various concessions. Secondly. Several of its erstwhile disadvantages are now turning into advantages for industrial development. Rajasthan is on the cusp of a major industrial transformation. 34 District Industries Centres and 7 sub-centres are working under the Department of Industries for providing inputs and other facilities to entrepreneurs. These new-found strengths combined with the traditional advantages in terms of business-friendly government. development of handloom. Rajasthan's relatively less fertile land with low occupational density is becoming an advantage since it has a lower opportunity cost for transformation into industrial use. Phalodi. Thirdly. Abu Road. And since most of this mineral wealth is under sand. Rajasthan has enormous scope for development of renewable energy. etc. long-standing tradition of entrepreneurship and peaceful labor relations augur well for rapid industrialization of Rajasthan. handicrafts artisan Figure 15 Industries in the districts of Rajasthan development. In that respect. Lastly. there have been major discoveries of mineral wealth including gas and oil.

SEZs. The focus is on development of key sectors like Cement. 334518 MSMEs were registered with the State having investment 10584. power Figure 17 Sectoral Investment for Resurgent Rajasthan 57 . by preparing suitable policies for various sectors of the Industry and explore the availability of resources. Oil & gas. 2008 was introduced with a view to modify Micro. Small & Medium Enterprises MSME Policy Package.Falna have also been set up to cater the need of small scale industries of the area. There has been certain growth and concerted efforts to bring up the MSME for engaging more number of labour and provide employment. All the development schemes are being implemented through the DICs set up in the State.74 crores providing employment to 1395979 person’s upto 31st Mach 2010. increase in labour intensive industries. Micro. The report of Rajasthan states the engagement of labourers Figure 16 MSME Units in Rajasthan in share of employment in the informal sector is maximum and varies between 54% to 61% from progressive districts to the less progressive ones respectively. The MSME have grown over 20% engaging maximum number of worker population of the state. Sectoral Demand and Supply Status The Government of Rajasthan is taking up several initiatives to enhance the sectoral growth of the industries by attracting investments (domestic and foreign). Infrastructure. Small and Medium Enterprises to a global competence.3. provide conducive industrial environment. 2.

an estimate projected based on secondary sources 58 . students passout and migration. Oil & Gas. time taken to train. The human resources requirement was estimated on the basis of the following parameters: historical growth rate of the industry. need for entrepreneurship and skewed economic development. change in customer preference. difficult working conditions. and the employment opportunities created. the availability of human resources was calculated on the basis of the following parameters: current education infrastructure of the ITIs. Figure 18 Sectoral Employment till 2017. Mines & Minerals. Tourism and Hospitality. the State faces challenges from various dimensions such as unemployment rate. availability of trained manpower. Repair servicing. polytechnics. historical presence in the availability of trained manpower. Food processing. availability and quality of training centre. Some of the parameters considered while mapping the skill demands across various sectors of the state were Industrial policies. technology changes. early stage of industrial culture. engineering etc. employment pattern. engineering colleges and arts & science colleges. The industries identified on the basis of the above parameters are: Auto & Engineering. It was estimated that Rajasthan will have an incremental human resource requirement of 6 to 6. time taken to train. and IT/ITES. and changes in Government policy.4 million persons till 2017 (preliminary analysis carried out by secondary resources and projection) on some of the sectors as shown in the figure below. change in industry productivity. infrastructure adequacy. and the employment opportunities state. Construction. set by the investment patterns done in Resurgent Rajasthan. market linkages. Simultaneously. Textiles.tourism. While Rajasthan has factor advantages in a number of sectors backed by favorable policies and support. and employability of human resources. Healthcare. Handloom and Handicraft. availability and quality of training centre.

beautician. IT/ITES. IT/ITES. construction. banking and financial services. unorganized sector 46% Labor/ Agri & allied sectors 37% Unorganized/ Handicrafts/ Informal/ Tourism skilling initiatives in 17% the state etc. etc. live in and live out workers etc. handicrafts. wooden etc.6 lakhs by 2017 keeping in mind the investment pattern and economic scenario to be similar to that existing now. drivers and mechanics also form a considerable segment of unorganized sector.) 53% 8 0 to 2 0 to 1 Semi-skilled 3 to 5 2 to 4 Skilled >5 >5 3 4 20 6 0 to 1 <2 2 to 3 3 to 6 >4 >7 59 . strong communication and analytical skills. mines and minerals. followed by textiles.The maximum requirement will be in the construction industry. healthcare. of Years’ Experience Unskilled 1 2 Agriculture allied & Forestry Domestic Worker (wholesale and retail trades. positions. stone quarrying. highly skilled in specific domain. skilled over a period of time skilled potential experience technicians. food processing. the major unorganized sectors would be handloom and handicrafts. skilled ITCs. The net incremental demand of workforce to be around 60. residential No formal skilling ITIs. illiterate. hospitality sectors (local level) Figure 19 Key sectors with proposed Skill requirement across sectors in Rajasthan The unorganized sectors in general have various etc. and stone polishing/workers. work people. and retail (not included the emerging sectors provided in the current Industrial Scope). experienced 3% Managerial leadership roles. In Rajasthan. Diploma. auto mechanics. levels of skilled defined as per the number of months/years put as experience. Sl No Unorganized Segment (along with description ) % of workforce No.) Mining and Construction Handloom and Handicrafts (found in various clusters at various skill levels in carpet making. provided. tourism and hospitality. Autoengineering. manufacturing industries. metal crafts. gems and jewellery. mechanics. Apart from these trades like security. auto and engineering. private MBA graduates. The break-up for such job opportunities will emanate from various skill levels as illustrate below: Unskilled (Informal/Unorganized) Semi-Skilled Skilled Specialized/ Highly Skilled Early school drop outs. gems and jewelry.

Teracotta Cluster -Siyana (Sirohi) 5. Gotaloom Cluster -Ajmer 4. Will not be involved in core functions) NA 2 to 3 >4 1 to 3 >4 2 4 0 to 1 0 to 1 with driving license 2 to 3 2 to 3 >5 >5 experience with vehicle repair management >8 experience >4 9 10 Drivers . Lac Art Cluster -Jaipur 7. Ari-Tari Cluster -Nayla (Jaipur) 5. block level beauticians etc. (Churu) 1. Handloom Cluster. landscaping. etc. electricians. 2006-07 3.Embroidery Cluster -Shiv (Barmer) 2.Non-critical goods 3 < 1 (Typically performs support functions to beauticians.5 Beauticians (hair stylists. Stone Cluster -Sirohi 3. Wooden Art Cluster -Bassi (Chittorgarh) 6. Year 2005-06 Name of clusters 1. 1. There are 33 recognized clusters registered with the DIC and the chronology of these has been as follows: S. Leather Juti & Leather productClusterPratapnagar(Jodhpur) 8. Leather Tanning -Bansoor (Alwar) 4. Stone Cluster -Jaisalmer 10. fitter. 2009). Carpet Cluster -Thanagaji (Alwar) 2. Tie & Dye Cluster -Jodhpur 7 Honey Cluster .Bharatpur 8 Teracotta Cluster -Molela (Rajsamand) 9.) Security Guards (Residential & Industrial Drivers . Moortikala clusters -Gola Ka Bas (Alwar) 6.Dariba. plumber. (Chittorgarh) 5.NO.Critical goods Tourism & Hospitality (90% of the hotels and restaurants fall under unorganized sector) 2 7 NA 0 to 1 1 to 3 1 to 3 Table 6 Experience of the workforce across unorganized sector (in terms of years of work done) Rajasthan boasts of 302 registered large units.) 2 6 7 8 Facility Management (housekeeping. Stone Artware Cluster.Dungarpur 4. Kota Doria Cluster -Kaithun (Kota) 2 Moorti Kala Talwara (Banswara) 3. Kanch Kashida Cluster -Dhanau (Barmer) 2 .Leather Juti Cluster -Bhinmal (Jalore) 3. Dyeing and Printing-Akola. Pottery & Teracotta Cluster -Ramgarh (Alwar) 1 . 156843 MSME units from 319 industrial areas (as per DIC. 2007-08 60 .

Pungal/Aaduri (Bikaner) 1. (Jaipur) 3. advocacy with industry houses. Hrishabhdev (Udhaipur) 2. and some of the more recent initiatives like NSDC and Himayat in J&K. Handblock Printing Cluster-Bagru (Jaipur) Table 7 List of clusters in Rajasthan (MSME report. Brass utensils cluster. Tamil Nadu. as well as the World Bank financed projects of Bihar & Odisha. Pottery& Teracotta Cluster. 2009-10 9. Auto component cluster-Alwar 2. Status on Vocational Educational Schemes Several large scale state level projects have been implemented with successful results using a comprehensive participatory approach to evolve the inclusive development for the poor.Gogunda.4. Sand Stone cluster. With the advent of NRLM and SRLM in respective states. Handloom cluster-Rajpura Patalwas. robust processes and norms Support Services like call centres. separate bodies like societies have anchored the roles of rural skilling in the state and responsible to budget for 1/3rd of the total project cost.. tripartite agreements with partners with clear mandate OPERATION: Tripartite agreement in between government machinery. Kerala and Gujarat. EGMM of Andhra Pradesh which has eventually led to the formation of REEMAP as an integrated skilling initiative of the state of Andhra Pradesh. Marble cluster. 2008-09 5. Some of the State’s best practices could be summed up as follows: STATE ANDHRA PRADESH BEST PRACTICES Evolution cycle of EGMM.Pichupada (Daussa) 1.AP’s initial work in employment generation Well Structured till village level.Talchhaper (Churu) 11Embroidery Cluster .chhittoli (Jaipur) 5. TAMIL NADU Mahalir Thittam. Many of these include the first generation projects implemented in Andhra Pradesh. UNDP supported projects in Jharkhand etc. Some of the projects were like the Special SGSY Projects implemented by various partners with set targets and budgets. Forest Product Cluster -Baran 10Forest Product Cluster . These projects have adopted approaches different from the conventional rural development programmers’ and in the process created several best practices and learning which could be adopted by other states. training partners and the placement agencies reflects on the placement percentage (65%) LEARNINGS STRUCTURE: Graduation from EGMM (sub. Quality cell.mission) to REEMAP (integrated mission) structures in the state 61 .the skill development initiative present in 85% of the state’s blocks 80% of placement rate through job fairs. etc. placement cell. optimization of state resources for training. 2010) 2.4. post placement support. MIS.Balahedi (Daussa) 4.

The skill training is to be imparted for multiple sectors like items. Hospitality etc. Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) acts as the nodal agency for the projectThe project envisages to train and place over 100000 youths of J&K in the next five years. implementation and monitoring MSSDS has been designated as a Single Nodal Agency of the Skill Development Initiative in Maharashtra GUJARAT Skill Voucher System introduced in the system Skill Training Providers at any level either D-SAG or District are selected only through e-Tendering process Inclusive approach especially for tribal welfare INNOVATION & CO-CREATION: Skill voucher system provides the beneficiaries the freedom to make choice and encourages certification process in skilling Table 8 Results from rural development projects across states Similarly. the Himayat Project of J&K has been one of the flagship programmes initiated as a part of the Skill Empowerment and Employment scheme of the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) recommended by the Rangarajan Committee.MAHARASHTRA Skill development is one of the KRA of Chief Secretary and 20% weightage across departments in respective KRAs Established Sector Skill Committees for its 11 identified high demand sectors to identify the skill gaps within various industrial sectors based on geographic & demographic distribution in Maharashtra Establish the State ‘Knowledge Management Centre on Skill Development’ PROJECT MANAGEMENT SUPPORT: For the effective planning. Retail. Figure 20 Skilling initiatives of states in India 62 .

Over 950 training programmes Centrally Sponsored Schemes & RSLDC supported Agriculture 32 Krishi Vigyan Kendra working in the State has also organized skill training programmes through funding from RMoL and other agencies. 1654.60 for establishment of 10 minority ITIs and Rs. training is provided in 38 Engineering Trades of duration from 06 months to 03 years and 36 Non engineering trades of duration from 06 Months to 01 Years. Achievement in 11 Five Year Plan th Target for 12 Five Year Plan th There was no Plan outlay. It has conducted 6 different programmes during the Plan and trained 8762 persons (farmers. but the department has used 384.In Rajasthan. Besides. Ministries/Departments is given below: Department Schemes/ Programmes/ Institutions having provision for Vocational Education and Training programme The Department has no scheme. 4. Director General for Employment and Training (DGE&T) norms & Guidelines. 18 ITIs were established in the Government sector and 640 number of ITIs were established in the private sector with an increment of 87106 number of training seats. Similarly. Training infrastructure of Institutes is developed as per GOI. 5916 lakhs has been th released during the 11 FYP. 10 Adaptive Trial Centers(ATC) and 10 Agriculture Research Stations(ARS). existing workers and ITI graduates. 134 Government & 714 Private ITC’s are providing Craftsman Training with the training capacity of 105005. affiliations are sought from NCVT (National Council of Vocational Training) of DGE&T. After the establishment of new Institutes. Total students who successfully completed the training were 69873.93 lakh through Social welfare Department have been released under Increase intake capacity to 4. Under the scheme.14 Lakhs of the Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) and trained 8762 farmers/farm women/rural youth.35 lakh for establishment of 01 ITI in Sahariya area has been released for the current FY 2011-12. 1634. Craftsman Training Scheme( CTS): Under this scheme. Train 20. ITIs (Government & Private) During the 11th FYP. Employment and Training 63 . target group. the Ministries/ Departments have launched and implementing various schemes on skill development to empower the workforce engaged in various sectors with an objective to provide employable skills to the school pass outs. The Trades which are affiliated to NCVT. duration of the training courses (short term/long term). it has trained 14181 Krishak Mitra through 5 days duration training programmes. Similarly. The transition of India into a knowledge-based economy requires a skilled workforce. but conducting a variety of training programmes from 2 months duration to 2 years.000 379 new institutes proposed Take the overall tally to over 1200 ITIs+ITCs Labour. These training pogrammes have been organized through 3 State Institute of Agriculture Management (SIAM). farm women and rural youth).050 farmers. youths and farm women Budget outlay – 1146 lakhs.00. The details on various training schemes. funds of Rs. A sum of Rs. an additional sanction of Rs. and therefore a focus on the existing vocational education and training (VET) system.

These institutions are located at the 7 The Academies. The certification is done by NCVT and Rajasthan Council of Vocational Education and Training (RCVET). Funding for these programmes is made available to the training institutions on per hour basis of training.Department Schemes/ Programmes/ Institutions having provision for Vocational Education and Training programme provide training according to the syllabus & guidelines of DGE&T.) are offered in 34 economic sectors.) to 90 days(540 hrs. Under the scheme. so set up. RMoL has trained 65.000 youths New partners for achieving results Strengthen training providers Rs. presently known as Rajasthan Skill And Livelihoods Development Corporation (RSLDC) Skill Training Programme: Under this. Train 2. Achievement in 11 Five Year Plan th Target for 12 Five Year Plan th Devnarayan Yojana to establish 06 it is Apprenticeship Training Scheme: Training under Apprenticeship scheme is being imparted through Industries/establishments notified under the Apprentices Act.89% of the seat utilization. The Government of Rajasthan has provided 219.36 lakhs for Construction Academy buildings and for implementation of construction related skill training courses. they were set-up. A sum of Rs.2335. 1961.62 lakhs was provided by the state government as part of the overall budget of the RMoL. short duration skill training programmes of 40 days(240 hrs. RMoL has utilized approximately Rs. which are offered through more than 275 training institutions/organizations. 64 . There are 192 courses. Rajasthan Institute of Security Education (RISE): RMoL has set up 7 Rajasthan institute of Security Education in the state in PPP mode in the year 2009-10 for preparing manpower for security sector. since. A total of 3080 candidates were trained which was just 37. 7500 lakhs form State Government RISE has trained 2392 youth. It may use another Rs.80.172 youth during the first four years of the Plan. have trained 750 youth. 37 designated trade groups are divided into 231 trades covering 254 types of Industries. 700 lakhs in the last year of the Plan for training 15000 youth. Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (RMoL). Budget for this programme is made available by the Government of Rajasthan.45 lakhs during the first four years of the Plan for training 65172 unemployed youth. 261.

1. but. Under the scheme. one at each Divisional Head quarter premises of ITI. 2011 at a cost of Rs. It does not It has trained 1782 Youth through 51 programmes of 3 days to 6 weeks duration. directorate issues credit vouchers for receiving skill training from selected training institutions. 249. These Academies have been set up for preparing manpower for construction sector. Courses of varying duration are offered in these Academies. which has the maximum employment potential in the State. The institute has proposed 78 programmes of 5 and 12 days duration for enhancing capacity of 1750 faculty members of training institutions at a cost of Rs. the Directorate could benefit 13945 youth by August. It is selffinanced institution.0 lakh. Since the scheme was launched in October 2009. Buildings for these Academies are under construction. Achievement in 11 Five Year Plan th Target for 12 Five Year Plan th Construction Academy: RMoL has also set up 7 Construction Academies in the year 2009-10. There was no target set under the scheme. implementing Akshat Kaushal Scheme 2009.Department Schemes/ Programmes/ Institutions having provision for Vocational Education and Training programme divisional headquarters of the state. especially Rajasthan Knowledge Corporation (RKCL). The duration of skill training can vary depending up on the course.73 lakhs. The Scheme is meant for graduate unemployed youth whose annual family income is below Rs. NA Entrepreneurship and Management Development Institute (EMI) The institute was set up by the Government under the Society Registration Act 1958. Employment: The Directorate of Employment is not conducting any type of skill training programmes. 150 65 .

As per the targets..43 lakh.00.e. It has not conducted any skill training th programmes during the 11 Five Year Plan. the Department was to train 58863 BPL youth at a cost of 4764. Rajasthan Rural Livelihood Project (RRLP). The operation and maintenance of these would require large number of skilled workers and therefore corporation has a plan to organize 50 orientation cum training programmes to train 1000 workers through 1 day programmes 66 . it also proposes to impart skill training to about 4. The duration of the programme is 1 day. It has to get programmes from other departments of the Central and State Governments. Nil It proposes to impart training to 17000 rural youths in the project districts i. It has conducted 30 programmes of 1 day duration for literate/illiterate villagers in selected villages The State Government has a target to install about 500 megawatt solar photo voltaic power plants during the plan. for which it was receiving service charges. but trained 33312 youth by spending 621. 1000 youths per project district of RRLP. Under the scheme. Local Self Government(DLSG) The Department is implementing Swarn Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojna (SJSRY) of the Government of th India during the 11 FYP. Achievement in 11 Five Year Plan th Target for 12 Five Year Plan th lakhs Rajasthan Grameen Ajivika Vikas Parishad(RGAVP) The Parishad is looking after all the 3 livelihood projects. Besides.0 lacs members of 33000 SHGs as per the needs of members in accordance with their selected livelihood.000 youths Rs 2500 lakhs from state contribution Rajasthan Renewable Energy Corporation Limited(RRECL) The Corporation is imparting training to villagers for successful operation and maintenance of solar photo voltaic home lighting systems installed at their household in remote un-electrified villages and hamlets under Remote Village Electrification Programme (RVEP) of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. Monitoring Poverty in Western Rajasthan (MPOWER) and National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM).27 lakhs Train 1. Government of India.75% of the budget is provided by the Government of India and 25% by the State Government. The institute was the implementing agency for RMoL skill training programmes for last six years. BPL families are the beneficiaries. viz.Department Schemes/ Programmes/ Institutions having provision for Vocational Education and Training programme receive any funding from the Government.

but organizes Entrepreneurship Motivation of 1 day duration and Entrepreneurship Awareness of 3 days duration camps. as against target of training 3785 youth it could train 3181 youth through the ITI s. It has used government and institutional funds for training and/or inculcating awareness amongst students of various technical and science institutions The Department intends to train 750 to 1000 youth each in SDP & EDP at a cost of Rs. Similarly. Establishment of ITI in every block of the scheduled areas.Department Schemes/ Programmes/ Institutions having provision for Vocational Education and Training programme The department has no scheme.0 lakhs The department has no state scheme for imparting skill training to tribal youth. During the Plan. besides organizing skill development programmes of 4 to 6 weeks duration in collaboration with various institutions by using government funds. it receives funds from the Central Government for imparting training to tribal youth. against a target of 200 youth. it could train 155 youth through Food Craft Institute Training of 10000 youth per year. Achievement in 11 Five Year Plan th Target for 12 Five Year Plan th Science & Technology The department has trained 384 youth in different skills and inculcated entrepreneurship awareness/motivation in about 39000 students at a cost of Rs.0 lakhs and 50000 students through Entrepreneurship Awareness camps at a cost of Rs. Survey of skilled workers in the scheduled areas. Short term training to migrating labourers at the place of their residence. 26 lakhs approximately. 67 . Tribal Area Development Placement camps for tribal in every district of schedule area. The department gets its selected youth trained through Industrial Training Institutes (ITI) and Food Craft Institutes (FCI) and for that purpose it pays the fees to ITI s and Food Craft institutes. 20. however. The entry qualification for these programmes varies from diploma to degree in science and technology.25. Establishment of one Government Engineering college in schedule area with 45% reservation for local ST students. MADA area and at Baran district.

Industrial Management & Training. to guide the entrepreneurs. Health & Family Welfare. One of the main function is to conduct Management/Entrepreneurship Development Programmes/Skill Development Achievement in 11 Five Year Plan th Target for 12 Five Year Plan th MSME Table 9 Vocational Education & Training Schemes Some of the other trainings which are provided within the state by central budgets fall under the MSME. Electrical/Electronics. Chemical/Rubber/Plastics.Development Institute provides impetus for promotion and development of Small Scale Industries in Rajasthan. Economic Investigation.000 youths have been given online government recruitment services and placed 15. Technology Resource Center (TRC) & SENET etc.Department Schemes/ Programmes/ Institutions having provision for Vocational Education and Training programme The MSME . Social Justice & Empowerment etc. Expertise is available in various disciplines like Mechanical.5 lakh aspirants in various IT related training courses in last three years of which above 35. a public limited company promoted by Government of Rajasthan has trained 1.000 youths. Glass & Ceramics. Food. Ancillary. 68 . Rajasthan Knowledge Corporation Limited. Leather & Footwear. Khadi and Village Industries. Metallurgical.

Performance of the Vocational Training Institutes Vocational Training is primarily imparted through public Industrial Training Institutes (ITI) and privately owned Industrial Training Centres (ITC) with an objective to increase the productivity of individuals.Figure 21 SWOT of Vocational Education & Training Schemes The SWOT analysis details the challenges faced by the departments imparting skilling initiatives of the state. It is observed that the proportion and the spread of Vocational training Institutes in government and private set up is better in southern region than in comparison to the northern region and other regions. The state rural livelihoods mission has also embarked upon skilling in the rural areas and training to empower the rural communities by engaging in participatory approaches. Along with these the private and unregistered bodies have been scantily present in the state to provide the institutional support.4. Few initiatives like Rajasthan Knowledge Corporation Ltd. The below trend indicates the region wise capacity of government and private ITIs/ITCs. Figure 22 Region wise Government. and Rajasthan Skill and Livelihoods Development Corporation have been successful and got substantial support from the state government. &Private ITIs 69 . This implies that the State government In Rajasthan. 2. profitability of employers and aid national development.1.

The 15% majority of respondents could be 32% categorized under the following specific groups:27% 26% Employed Unemployed Self employed Trainees Figure 24 : Youths’ profile as respondents of primary survey_ Rajasthan Employed Unemployed Trainee Self-employed The basic criteria for selection of respondents was that all the respondents were part of the skill development training either in the past or in the present courses of different registered and unregistered 70 . & Private ITIs in northern region states 2. ITCs Total ITIs/ITCs Source: Annual report2008-2009.890 diploma seats. the State has 20. Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh (AP). data with regard to the aims.the proportion of the seating capacity n government ITI (22%) is lower than the overall capacity in the Private ITCs (78%).000 schools. job preference. attitudes and priorities of the youth of the State. Rajasthan’s literacy rate is lower than the national average. and further demands in terms of skilling for enabling enhanced job scope.06% as compared with the national average of 74. ITIs Number of Pvt. Figure 23 Number of Government. Ministry of Labour & Employment system is followed in the polytechnics and ITIs.824 ITI seats. Currently. 6. The total seating capacity was far below the expected and it was also reflected in the vocational initiatives currently running in the states by various departments. These are much lesser than the number of seats in other States like Maharashtra. As per the trend depicted in the above figure. As for seats. As part of the study carried out in each district focused group discussion with youths and interview schedules were filled out to understand the current scenario of training perception. it has a literacy rate of 67. as the table below shows. The above graph indicates the trend followed by the trainees in the private and the government vocational educational and training courses. aspirations. and 75 MBA institutes.5 Youth Aspirations in the state The aspirations and perceptions of the youth in the state would provide the State government and other policy analysts. A shift 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Number of Govt. Also.04%. 40 polytechnics. 430 ITIs. Rajasthan has over 90.755 graduate engineering seats. and 43. 64 engineering colleges. Haryana and Punjab. This would help in aligning government policies which have implications for the youth of the state. the largest state of India certainly lacked the infrastructure for skilling the population in comparison to states like UP.

Parents also desired for salaried government jobs for better future (as per parents). c) Preference for courses like electrician.1500. This was due to reason that the youth believed that government jobs were more secure. 71 . diesel mechanic or fitter. More than 90% of the youth (among the employed category) interviewed did not get any annual increments neither they opined for any. Awareness regarding the upcoming private organizations and scope of work was far less. b) Higher and better salary structure after getting training and absorbed by industry .This was fast emerging requirement among the youths that better communication skills. hair cutting etc. 7000 (even though engaging in start-up jobs) with basic perks of Rs.vocational training. The FGDs conducted at these VTIs were mainly discussed among the current trainees posing queries related to their understanding of the training imparted and the scope of the training regarding jobs and placement.The average starting salary expected post training completion was Rs. More than 87% of the respondents felt that they were ready for any kind of government jobs of which only 15% had received complete training for getting absorbed as semi/skilled workforce.The common phenomenon across districts was the desire of the youth to engage in government jobs. Some of the major findings on the state level were as follows:a) High Preference for government jobs over private jobs. Tailoring. along with basic knowledge of computers would enable them for better job opportunities with higher better starting salaries.The trainees across districts have the awareness of very limited courses which are offered in the local ITI/ VTI and therefore the preferences for these courses seemed obvious among the youths. This was also essential for growth in professional terms. Figure 25 Youths’ profile as respondents of primary survey_ Rajasthan d) Training for better communication and basic know-how of computer. Trainees across preferred trades of (last 5 years) 20% 11% 13% 27% 12% 17% Electrical & Electronics COPA/ IT Diesel Mechanic Fitter Wiring Make-up.

inadequate education facilities. The general expectations of the family and the self-aspirations from a job were broadly seen under the following heads:Desires and aspirations from work (pre-training of the candidate) Learning about new trades Better salaries Family security Work satisfaction Improved lifestyle Expectations of the family (post training from the candidate) Easy work Better salaries Government service Home town based job Job security Table 10 Desires & Expectations of the youth and family in terms of pre and post training Majority of the youth denied of any support received by the government in terms of better opportunities in skilling provisions. absorbing post training as employee and providing the basic counseling for selection of courses. poor infrastructure. The analysis made brought focus on factors like political instability. An effort was made to assess issues the youth of the state was facing in the labour market in tracing the employment opportunities.Various factors influencing the youth to make a job choice would be assessed on various factors like job with a good income. job security. 72 . job with an opportunity to work with people of your choice and job that gives a feeling of accomplishment or satisfaction was analyzed. and other contemporary issues like corruption and reference as the reasons for making proper employment opportunities accessible uniformly to all the educated/ trained youths.

and economic profile of the state.3. The main objective of this section is to bring out insight on the Skill patterns prevailing in state and the expected skill requirements to match growth plans across various high impact industries. demography. workforce pattern. education status. State Findings This chapter outlines the overall State socio-economic analysis. This section ends with the set of recommendations applicable to the various stakeholders of the report 73 .

However. beauty and culture. It has been largely an agrarian economy with recent trends of industrialization and future growth paths in terms of SEZs and the Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor.1. attract investments and thereby fully realize its economic potential. a key growth enabling factor. to be able to support its growth plans. It is the largest State in the country which presents a unique combination of geographical and cultural diversity. 17. GSDP (at current prices) has almost doubled from Rs1. It is predominantly an agrarian economy with agriculture and related activities accounting for about onethird the State's income. Gems & Jewelry.Chapter 3: State Findings and Action Plan Rajasthan presents a unique combination of geographical and cultural diversity endowing magnificent forts.1 Socio-economic Findings of the state 3. Oil & Gas. 3.1 Economy The Rajasthan economy has shown a healthy growth path during the recent years. palaces. Handicrafts. However. heritage. It forms as a corridor between the northern and the western states in the country. the State. Engineering. the recent wave of industrialization has brought about a change in Rajasthan’s economic landscape and new industries are coming up in the State. 74 . Marble. Minerals. Rajasthan currently has a marked presence in the Tourism and Hospitality. Textiles. among other things. natural resources. needs to bridge the wide gap in the local availability of skilled human resources.274crore in Figure 26 Rajasthan’s Growth in terms of GSDP FY05 to Rs3.

It stands at 10th in agriculture. Rajasthan’s exports increased at a CAGR of about 19. In terms of its business efficiency. investment environment. and 17th in primary education. In order to boost exports the state government is laying stress on developing EPIP (Export Promotion Industrial Parks). human resource. 11th in infrastructure. The services sector contributes around 47% in GSDP followed by the industry and agriculture sectors at 27% and 26% respectively.358 crore in FY11. Rajasthan has been ranked 10th in the growth of manufacturing employment. facilities 75 . The share of Rajasthan in industrial investments as a percentage to India’s total industrial investment has been steady.09period. Rajasthan has been ranked 12th on the basis of macro economy. primary education and consumer markets. industry and services sectors respectively. The thrust of the exports policy is to provide infrastructural facilities such as setting up of container depots near major industrial growth centres. agriculture.03. Per-capita income in the state is Rs39967 (FY2011) which is much below the national average of Rs54527 (FY2011). 12th in consumer markets. The industrial investments in Rajasthan increased to Rs29700 crore in 2010 from Rs7502 crore in 2006. infrastructure. it has been increased from 1. This has made Rajasthan one of India’s faster growing states with the average growth rate of around 7. governance and human resource Rajasthan stands at lower side of the capita income level. industrial workers. reform outlook. and IT literates Business efficiency Labour cost per worker 5th rank Growth in manufacturing employment 10th rank Number of new enterprises/ industries 7th rank Governance quality Reform outlook 10th rank Fiscal deficit 12th rank Speed of response 13th rank Computerization of records 13th rank Government proceedure 13th rank Human resource Industrial workers 12th rank Female labour participation 2nd rank Unemployment rate 1st rank IT literates 13th rank Table 11 Rajasthan’s ranking in terms of business efficiency. from 28% to 27% and 45% to 47% in the agriculture.5% during 2001-02 to 2008.26% in 2006 to 1. 15th in investment environment. Over the last ten year period (FY01-10) the share to the GSDP has changed from 27% to 26%. and 12 th-13th in governance quality. 14th in macro economy.43% (real GSDP) during FY05-FY11. governance quality.71% in 2010.

pulses. The economic agenda of Rajasthan focuses on the following four sectors. Construction of four state-of-art Biotech Parks is under consideration. Hospitality. There are 4 SEZs in Rajasthan at Jaipur. The state boasts of tremendous bio diversity. Out of the total area irrigated 65 to 70% area is under wells and tube well irrigation. Textiles. Around two third of Rajasthan’s population is still dependent on agricultural activities for their livelihood. and Engineering. The state has 322 industrial areas at present and setting up of three new is in pipeline. contributing over two-thirds of the state’s economic output: Agriculture and animal husbandry Manufacturing Shift in cropping pattern. The recent Rajasthan budget for FY12 has made allocations of Rs 178 Crores to develop industry and minerals sectors. Focus on exports. encouragement of quality upgradation by adoption of total quality management and ISO series certification. Services sector in Rajasthan contributes around 47% in GSDP. The SEZs. Agro-processing. only 35% of the total agricultural area is irrigated. Chemicals. Sitapur and Boranada. rarely to be found in others state. Ganganagar andof Alwar were Table 12 parks Rajasthan’s four Jodhpur. Increase in productivity. IT and ITEs. Agriculture in Rajasthan is largely dependent on rains.for product testing and developments. oilseeds and seed spices. Tourism. aimed at promoting rapid industrial development and employment generation. Rajasthan enjoys a strategic geographical position wherein it is situated between Northern and Western growth hubs in the country and 40% of Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) runs through it. Jodhpur. Further development of select existing industries. It is one of the favoured destinations for cement industry. Rajasthan Government has adopted the SEZ policy for developing Special Economic Zones in the state. gram. Focus on high value minerals Domestic tourism. Develop animal husbandry potential New industries – attracting MNCs. sectors contributing two-thirs the economy dedicated for the development of Agriculture based industries. It contributes around 26% in GSDP. Thus has a potential to create immense industrial activity in the field of biotechnology and modern biotech products like recombinant DNA products and Bio Informatics. and Banking services are important components of services sector in Rajasthan. 76 . Agriculture and allied services account for 3. The State Government has worked out a package of concessions and incentives. particularly for small scale units. Electronics.84% of 2011-12 state budget allocation. Agriculture and allied sector plays an important role in State’s economy. along with the Board of Infrastructure Development and Investment Promotion (BIDI). earmarked as duty-free enclaves. Granite. Revitalisation of other poor performing industries Strengthening mining infrastructure. being endowed with limestone which acts as the base for cement production. Investors have set up ventures in fields as diverse as Information Technology. Cement. It ranks first in the livestock population in the country and third in terms of per hectare yield of Mustard. Increased spending Mining Tourism Agro at Kota. Rajasthan is the leading producer of coarse cereals.

e.o o o Tourism--Rajasthan is one of the leading tourism states of India. IT and ITEs Services -. Realising the potential of wild Rajasthan state has prepared a policy on eco-tourism. But still there is a need for stronger implementation of all of these in order to improve the current situation.Art IT Parks at Jaipur. Its overall poverty is less than the national average i.22 lakh.53lakh employments (2010-11) have been generated. river cruising. SBI and its associates have 6. The minimum wage for the unskilled labour has been revised to Rs135. Kota. 18.) has developed State-of. There is a proposed investment of Rs 5332 Crore for the tourism sector (2007). Rajasthan has 32.e. Creating and expanding economic opportunities in the knowledge economy and attracting investments to the state for this purpose. Banking . The state has amended its rule for availability of land for hotels and also conversion of agricultural land for commercial purposes (hotels) and heritage properties into hotels and other tourism units. Several projects have been initiated to eradicate poverty in the state.Rajasthan has been able to reduce its poverty by substantial amount over a period of time. In order to attract investments in IT sector. During the calendar year 2010. private banks accounting for 4. Its poverty in rural sector i.7%. Enhance employment opportunities by developing capabilities of youth to make them employable.21%. it ranks first in terms of number of unemployed workforce. 55. 22. similarly.5% respectively. overnight camping etc. 3.3%. There have been various efforts towards employment generation but their impact has not been substantial. there is a chronic problem of unemployment in Rajasthan.1. It may be mentioned that recently under MGNREGA. Where in tourist would be allowed to go trekking on designated routes.96% which portrays a good picture. km.75% and nationalised banks have 3. where as it plans to develop a similar one in Bhiwadi too.2 Social Infrastructure Poverty -.7% is far more less than the national average of 28.9% as against the national average of 25. But the situation is opposite when it comes to urban poverty. In the Rajasthan Budget 2011-12 Rs 25 crore has been allocated to the tourism sector. Rajasthan New Tourism Unit Policy 2007 provides various concessions and facilities for the tourism units.The IT and ITEs policy aims at making government accessible to citizens and empowering them through enhanced access to information though use of IT.In Rajasthan. The glorious heritage and colourful culture of the state is a special attraction for domestic and foreign tourists. Udaipur and Jodhpur. Jantar Mantar Jaipur was enlisted in “World Heritage Sites” of UNESCO. RIICO (Rajasthan State Industrial Development and Industrial Cooperation Ltd.1% as against 27. 77 . the number of tourist arrival in state was 268.14% of the offices of these banks all over India are in Rajasthan.90% of the total branches in India. But when we come over to foreign banks the performance is not that impressive with only 2. One bank branch in Rajasthan caters to the needs of 16623 persons and covers an average area of 86 sq. Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) account for 6. Unemployment – Despite the fact that several employment exchanges have been opened up in different parts of the state.

With the help of private sector participation. but still much more can be done.53 Crores for medical and health sector including ayurved in the Rajasthan budget FY12. male and female literacy rates being 80. 11487 Sub Health Centres and 43864 inpatient beds as on December 31st 2009. it lags behind the national average of 65. which is assisted by World Bank. Skill development aspects shall be covered subsequently in the sections ahead. 11606 secondary schools and 6010 senior secondary schools. 118 Maternity and Child Health Centres. There is a provision of Rs 663. it ranks 17 amongst the big 20 states.06%. by providing irrigation facilities. However.Education -.66% respectively. expand availability and access of quality health care services and integrate allopathic treatment with Indian and other alternative systems of medicine. Rajasthan’s literacy rate according to 2011 census was 67. It has shown improvement over time and has performed well in NRHM (National Rural Health Mission) too. Education and Skill Development Health 78 . According to the survey published in India Today it ranks 10 amongst the 20 big states of India. promoting agro processing th and agri business etc. Private sector can play an important role to supplement State Government efforts in the fields of secondary and tertiary health care and diagnostic services. State government is aggressively pursuing a policy to achieve the goal of universalization of elementary education. Although the female literacy rate has improved over the last decade.6% SDP on education. There are over 1032 colleges. Rajasthan stands out to be the only state which took a huge leap in terms of improvement in literacy rates but the high dropout ratios and lower enrollment rate amongst females is the reason for a lower ranking in comparison to the other states th in India. 199 dispensaries.14%. Over 1990s and 2000s enrollmemt ratio have been increasing but the female enrollment ratios still need to catch up. pulses. the State can maximize the benefits which might accrue from the opportunities in medical tourism. there is a need to promote private sector investment in Health Sector in order to facilitate establishing of quality health care institutions within the frame work of set standards and norms.There are 9 deemed universities and 20 universities in Rajasthan. grams etc. So the outcome is mixed in terms of its overall th performance. but on the contrary the contribution of the sector has been decreasing over time in states GDSP and also it has a low per hectare yield. The state ranks 7 in terms of Primary schools. State Literacy Mission Authority encourages PPP (Public Private Partnership) to strengthen the infrastructure of CECs (Continuing Education Centres). The performance of Rajasthan in six thrust areas could be summarized as given in the table below: Agriculture and Agribusiness There have been measures taken up by the state government towards improving agriculture on a whole. There are high dropout ratios in the state only 60% of those who enroll in class 1 are able to reach class 8. But there is an altogether th different scenario when we talk about the rank in primary education. Much has been done. whereas the male literacy is close to the national average of 82. is being implemented by the state government. In the state budget of 201112 a sizeable amount of Rs 1707. 368 CHCs. 13 Urban Aid Posts. Health indicators have improved overtime. The state government follows a three tier system of health services. and 1504 Rural PHCs. Rajasthan ranks 7 in terms of food grain production in India. It has spent over 4.72 Crores has been allocated to education sector.51% and 52. 37 Urban PHCs. Rajasthan Health System Development Project.46%. 51525 primary schools. It is a leading producer of coarse cereals. Health --The Health infrastructure in the state comprises of 127 hospitals.

so far. we need to create 7-8 lakh new livelihoods every year. railways.Housing In Rajasthan the total housing shortage projected for 2011. Share of agriculture is declining rapidly over time. fragmentation of holdings. The industrial sector is of pivotal importance to the state both in terms of its contribution to the state’s GSDP as well as the employment it generates. low productivity and low price realization due to lack of agro processing. Although. viz. IT and ITES industry has sparked the growth of the sector even more. Carpenter. Taking backlog of the unemployed persons. 2012. arrange new and advance 79 . Barber. Tourism is an asset to the state which it has been utilising really well. the working population is 280 lakhs and growing at the rate of 2. On a long term perspective. which means that there is a net addition of 6 lakh persons in the workforce every year. Plumber. Singer.42 lakh. Musician. There have been efforts made towards involving private sector in the infrastructural activity. But. Painter. Moreover. there is need to shift population involved in agriculture to non-farm activities as agriculture livelihoods are showing problems of acute shortage of water.13 Problem Statement In Rajasthan. Goldsmith. Rajasthan ranks 11th among 20 big states which reflect the progress it has made over time. Skill constitutes most important component of non-farm livelihoods. etc through on-the-job training. These people have sustained their livelihoods. Although. it becomes essential for the State to upgrade the skills of existing workers. Endowed with minerals it has been capitalising on the mineral based industries too.94 lakh and 17. these people are facing difficulty in meeting day to day expenditure. Many of those employed are working at a subsistence level of existence due to emphasis on hiring of casual labour and risky and low income yielding agriculture. The gap is widening. about 2/3rd workforce in the state is employed in agriculture. aviation has improved in the state. traditionally. roads.2% per annum. but workforce in agriculture has shown only marginal decline of 9% between 1950 and 2011. Stone carver. Non-farm occupations employ one-third workforce with 70% share in SDP. According to the state th th competitiveness report it ranks 7 in terms of New Enterprises/Industry and 10 in growth of manufacturing employment. Under these circumstances. The government has formed various boards like RUIDP and BIDI in order to develop the urban infrastructure. with the rising cost and competition. Blacksmith. Out of which 85% shortage is expected to be in EWS/LIG category.06 lakh respectively3. Year 2010 was declared as the year of affordable housing. 12. although there is much more scope to progress yet we cannot deny the efforts it has made. the State has been the hub of a variety of skilled persons. 14. This shows that the state has been performing well in terms of industry. Weaver. some more efforts are needed. The situation in terms of electricity generation. On the contrary. There have been efforts made towards providing affordable houses.. Industry Infrastructure Table 13 Performance of Rajasthan in six thrust areas 3.82 lakh. there is a group of people who are getting handsome packages to meet their needs. Tailor. to strengthen its grounding and working. 2017 and 2021 is 12. Yet. with the recent efforts being taken up by the government it has brighter future ahead. their share in State Domestic Product (SDP) is about 30%. Potter. More over general housing schemes and schemes for slums have been initiated from time to time The Rajasthan Housing Board has been working actively in the state ever since it was established.

the top five and the bottom five in terms of skilling initiatives shall be as follows: Top Five Jaipur Alwar Kota Jhunjhunu Bharatpur Bottom Five Pratapgarh Tonk Sawai Madhopur Jalore Rajsamand Table 14 Districts in terms of skilling initiatives based on analysis and field survey 3. 80 . Barmer. trade and commerce. Chittorgarh. provide opportunities for training & retraining. Bikaner. Bhilwara. 9% and 4% of the State’s industrial output. Kota and Udaipur. private colleges etc. Jaipur. handicrafts. finance.2 Current Employment Structure Small scale industry forms the backbone of industrial activity and employment generation in Rajasthan. only about 1. demand for number of items viz. Bhilwara.). No. 18%. carpets & durries. etc is growing in the national and international markets.5% of the state workforce in the age group of 16 to 20 years has obtained vocational skills through formal programmes/courses as against 5% of Indian Workforce and 60 to 90% of the workforce of developed countries. demand for a variety of workers in construction industry.skills sets for unemployed youths. the small scale industry generates more employment than its large and medium counterparts. Udaipur and Ganganagar account for 39%. stone/marble artifacts. information technology. textile products. tourism. Only 11 districts have had some major initiatives moving in skill development and private partners (NGOs. Gems and jewellery and security is growing in the state. medium and small scale industries Over 70 % of Rajasthan’s industrial output comes from four regions dominated by small scale industries: Jaipur. Gems & jewellery. textile. Bharatpur. respectively. Moreover. Jodhpur. Similarly. Alwar. Crore) 507 45700 297403 7650 Source: Economic Survey 2008-09 Table 15 Industries & Employment in large.. develop a mechanism for life-long learning & training for the existing skilled workers by operationalizing proposed National Vocational Framework. of units Fixed Investments (Rs. The key districts driving industrial growth are Ajmer. In fact. automobile. If ranked as per rankings. Bundi. Moreover.

over 70% of the enterprises in the informal sector are currently involved in activities related to manufacturing. Tourism and Hospitality. availability of trained manpower. The parameters focused on while studying the industries were market linkage. Healthcare. Textiles. trade. Construction. The industries identified on the basis of the above parameters were: Auto & Engineering. Mines & Minerals. Handloom and Handicraft.9 million workers. generating employment for 2. time taken to train. 81 . historical presence of the industry in the State.Udaipur region accounts for 9% of industrial output Sri Ganganagar region accounts for 4% of industrial output Jaipur region accounts for 39% of industrial output Bhilwara region accounts for 18% of industrial output Figure 27 Rajasthan’s major industrial zones with industrial output The informal sector contributes significantly to employment in Rajasthan. market condition. supplier linkage. employment and contribution to the state/ district economy. and the employment opportunities. the factor conditions. and value chain was analysed on the basis of the contributions made in terms of investment. Also. infrastructure adequacy. Food processing. For the identification of the growth sectors and the contributing industries of the state. availability and quality of training centre. Oil & Gas. and IT/ITES. Repair servicing.84 million enterprises in the informal sector in the State. there are an estimated 1. and repair activities.

it was estimated that Rajasthan will have an incremental human resource requirement of 62.retail. Based on the above. Additionally. The primary reasons cited for the “unemployability” of students graduating from the State’s formal education system are: • Disconnect between academic curricula and industry requirements.890 diploma seats. The human resources requirement was estimated on the basis of the following parameters: historical growth rate of the industry. and “soft” skills of students graduating from the State’s educational institutions • Shortfall in appropriately trained faculty. polytechnics. 40 polytechnics. besides lack of practical training. this is a concern assuming increasing proportions. resulting in deficiencies in specific functional skills. would widen the skill gaps that Rajasthan would then have to work on while seeking to realise its economic growth objectives. Rajasthan’s literacy rate is lower than the national average as discussed earlier. the State has 20.3. gems and jewelry etc. 26 MCA institutes and 75 MBA institutes (source HDI data. employment pattern. 2008 updated). As for seats. Also. and changes in Government policy. market orientation.824 ITI seats. change in industry productivity. 6. Shortfall in trained faculty results in inappropriately trained students. technology changes. the high school dropout rate in Rajasthan makes the education scenario quiet vulnerable. and employability of human resources. the availability of human resources was calculated on the basis of the following parameters: current education infrastructure of the ITIs.3 Human Resource Requirement Education Scenario: Currently. change in customer preference. 430 ITIs.755 graduate engineering seats. In the demand section of the industries the regression model was used to calculate the overall estimate across major sectors and in supply side the workforce participation along with working population growth were factored in to get the supply of resources over a stipulated period of time. unless appropriately addressed.) 82 . Simultaneously. students passout.5 lakh unemployed persons in the State. Rajasthan has over 90. These issues. Also. it has a 50% dropout rate from the Primary to the Upper Primary Stage. engineering colleges and arts & science colleges. These are much lesser than the number of seats in other States like Maharashtra. It’s for the reader’s information that the cumulating of district workforce across sectors was not followed to get the gaps. thereby increasing ‘unemployability’. and 43. and also that the courses are not employment oriented. The level of unemployment is also an area of concern – currently there are over 7. and around 24% of Engineering Degree Holders and 26% of Diploma Holders in the State are unemployable. the pass percentage is low (50% in SSC examination and 68% in HSC examination).47 lakh persons till 2017 across the mapped high priority sectors (includes the emerging sectors like ITES. Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh (AP). It is also observed that graduates from Arts and Science Colleges are not geared for jobs in the industry.000 schools. A shift system is followed in the polytechnics and ITIs. 64 engineering colleges.

and retail. IT/ITES. mines and minerals. gems and jewellery. followed by textiles. auto mechanics. As was evident that the low cost of operation and engagement of unskilled workforce existed majorly through the contract routes (to avoid labour laws). 83 . there needs to be a state or national perspective or say a neutral perspective of the workforce break up that needs to be targeted by 2017. The primary data collected across 330 industries from various growth sectors in all the districts showcased the current scenario of the workforce and the demand as projected by these interviewed industries. A clear trend of engaging more skilled workforce was seen by an incremental demand of close to 20% (both semi-skilled and skilled workforce). banking and financial services. auto and engineering. The breakup for such job opportunities will emanate from various skill levels. food processing. This would be more of industrial take on workforce.Figure 28 Incremental human resource requirement across Rajasthan’s high growth sectors by 2017 The maximum incremental requirement will be in the construction industry. healthcare. tourism and hospitality. handicrafts.

i. competencies across levels. This may be due to the nature of workforce engaged in major growth sectors were primarily semi-skilled and engaged for a large number of years without much of incremental pay. Figure 29 Projected workforce requirement in ideal circumstances to meet the growth targets of the state However. the skill gaps predominantly existed in entry level positions which the industrial bodies considered as semi-skilled workforce even though they had pre-requisite training. the demand for skilled workforce is estimated at 36.The breakdown could be as shown in figure 24 which highlights the demand supply and the gap for the projected 2017. This could be summed up by stating that the state would require additional 3. and to an extent sector-specific.8 lakh as the supply remains Figure 30 : Current and future demand of workforce across sectors. though the average wage of an 84 .23 lakh and 20. The difference between a skilled and semi-skilled worker in terms of wage was quite low. just Rs.18/day in actuals. The average wage structure of the skilled to unskilled workers for the state was calculated by taking into account the district representation of the sampled industries. The unskilled workforce shows a surplus in terms of 9. The new employment opportunities would not only call for enhanced functional skills.e. high of this category of workforce and an analysis from primary survey conducted across industries of the state the demand would reduce substantially (keeping in mind that the maximum unskilled workforce belong to the household level workers and agricultural labourers) over this period.04 lakh of skilled and semi-skilled workforce respectively by 2017 (which would be employable population in terms of skills). Similarly. but also several “soft” skills. The skill mapping which was carried out at various levels. depending on the nature of the industry concerned showed major gap in semiskilled workforce requirements. As part of the overall workforce requirements.31 lakh persons till 2017.close to 25% of the overall workforce.

initial salary expected Rs.3500 Potential in small scale set ups is high.4500 Self-employment option with rise of mobility and accessibility.4000 High potential in Jaipur. initial salary Rs. self-employment. initial salary Rs.4000 Requirement of TALLY accounting in malls. self-employment.180 252 234 unskilled worker shown was Rs 180/day but it remained quiet low in case of women working in particular sectors like handicrafts and other informal works in construction. textiles and mines. (Unskilled Workers) Figure 31 Average wage structure across sample industries of the state Trades Demand Supply Support Remarks Self-employment. Some of the most 85 .3500 Upcoming requirement as per the market needs. Polytechnics Automobiles mechanic High Low None Courier Delivery High Low None None (far less than existing demand) Localized & Low (trained in industry) None (no specific support apart from MSME trg) Sales & marketing High Low Gems & Jewelry High Low Handicrafts & Handloom High Medium Table 16 High priority service sector demand. (Semi-Skilled Workers) Average Wage/Day in Rs.3500 Engagement in two & four wheeler mechanic. supermarkets.private training providers) Localized (on job training at shops) Computer Based Accountancy High Low Mobile Repairing High Low Wiring & Repairing (domestic) High Low ITIs. ITCs None (a few initiated. The demand for some of the high priority service sectors in terms of workforce requirement could be observed with high demand and relatively low entry level remuneration which could be summarized as below: Average Wage/Day in Rs. initial salary Rs. industries in DMIC and Alwar region and the handicraft & handloom sector. initial salary Rs. supply and support in the state of Rajasthan These trades would majorly cater for the existing repair and services industries with the upcoming IT sector. (Skilled Workers) Average Wage/Day in Rs.3500 Private providers exist in few numbers. medicine shops. gems and jewelry. formalized training in sales in absent. demand very high with initial salary of Rs. initial salary expected is Rs. initial salary Rs. 4000 Skilling process is as per the trade and initial salary is Rs 3000 Electrician High High ITIs.

86 .common trades like gems and jewelry. local hotels (hospitality) and construction set-ups would continue to engage household workers or in other words the major portion of unorganized labour. Similarly the rural set-up of agriculture and allied industries would engage the unskilled unorganized labour with quick access to the resource pool in the villages.

the youth and industries—and deliberate upon their interactions for a successful skill development plan. Recommendations This chapter gives a set of recommendations applicable to various stakeholders of the report. 87 . with the participation of enablers such as the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). It outlines the strategies and action plans for skilling at the state level. The recommendations impact the key players—the major stakeholders such as training partner.4. industry associations and various departments of the state.

and the role played by apex bodies such as NSDC in addressing this issue In order to understand the skill ecosystem of the state. ahead of other factors such as learning and development. The changing nature of work. Key enablers: The enablers of the ecosystem would be RSLDC (state skill development body). by 2017 include the following: Infrastructure enhancement: Additional physical infrastructure—more higher educational institutes and training facilities to meet Rajasthan’s enhanced skill requirements Involvement of industry and industry associations: Encouraging the participation of various stakeholders. these recommendations highlight the efforts that stakeholders should consider in skilling the workforce to meet future demands of a skilled workforce. especially in terms of skilled manpower. NSDC (apex body for skilling). and developments in some sectors of the state and a workforce with better efficiency and better skills have become a focal point for many industries as they plan for their future. They would provide the right environment for the key players to thrive. Asked what would help improve their business the most over the next five years. the vocational training providers (both registered and unregistered) and the beneficiaries—mainly the state’s youth. While the government has already spent significant effort and resources in skill development training. one needs to understand who are the major players and the enablers of an environment that would enhance both the availability and sustainable engagement of the skilled workforce. and aspirations for future growth. The broad contours of a skill development plan for the state would be based on the following figure:- 88 . Recommendations and Action Plans Accenture’s suggestions for narrowing the existing gaps in Rajasthan’s workforce. and to bridge current and future skill gaps. Our action plan would have a proper representation of this unique ecosystem and the key stakeholders: Key players: The three key stakeholders of the skilling activities would be the employers or industries. state industry and trade associations. including industry and industry associations. and the state departments anchoring various skilling initiatives.Chapter 4. in sustainable skill development initiatives Policy interventions: Actions taken by various stakeholders to bridge Rajasthan’s current and expected skilled manpower gaps. a highly skilled and flexible workforce topped the list for a majority of the sampled industries.

The action points for the key players and enablers of skill development are shown in the figure below: 89 . one could build on few of the above (see the above figure) pointers.Figure 32. There is a clear lack of contemporary training program in the state and hence the gaps in the required infrastructure to anchor the skill initiatives. robust implementation structures for execution and monitoring. pace and strategies built upon best practices. specific skilling intervention plans. and more skilled workforce engagement in the state. This would culminate in enhanced employment of the youth. Skill scope in the state: From issue to outcome To summarize the skill development scenario of the state from issues to outcome. This could be addressed with certainty.

is given below.1 State-level Skill Development Plan The state’s skill development initiatives would be more effective if it takes a united approach to the skilling interventions. Recommended skilling organization structure led by a nodal agency For effective planning and implementation of the skill development initiatives. Appointing a nodal agency for skilling such as RSLDC would enable better planning of initiatives across departments and give a more holistic approach.Figure 33 Action points for key players and enablers of the state 4. Figure 34. with the nodal agency at the head. The recommended structure for skilling initiatives. the government could establish the following: 90 .

including that of better placement prospects b) Identifying nodal industry association in each district—Industry bodies would play a major role in engaging the skilled resources at the minimum skilled or semiskilled wages.1. Recommended district skill committee committee should identify the industry association structure to anchor the skill development initiatives 91 . Employment. ITCs. it would be ideal to form a district skill committee under the district magistrate or collector to monitor look after some of the monitoring aspects of the skill development training programs under various departments and nongovernment organizations (NGOs) so as to maximize the targeted results.1 District-level Committees At the district level. polytechnics and technical colleges offer the courses that are most in demand in and around the district. District-level Committees—Chaired by district collectors. with representatives of departments anchoring skilling initiatives and from the civil society as well Sector Skill Committees—Chaired by the divisional commissioner and the heads or representatives of industry associations such as the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) etc. this could shape the skilling interventions of the state. with teams operating at the district level (refer to district skill committee structure) Figure 35 Recommended structure of the state for skill development 4. This optimization plan should ensure that all the ITIs. Some of the main aspects of effective skill development that the district skill committee can look into are as follows: a) Optimum seat utilization at vocational training institutes (VTIs)—Counseling and various communications could be used to reach out to the youth and spread awareness about the benefits of skill training.Apex Committee—Chaired by the chief minister and with representatives of NSDC. Mission Coordinator–Commissioner. SelfEmployment & Skill Development Core Group—Nodal officer of the designated nodal agency for skilling. The Figure 36. visions for the future and organize international skilling forums State Executive Committee—Chaired by the chief secretary.

and delivering solutions for an enabling environment for skill development initiatives. It will focus on bridging skill gaps by creating a faculty and industry managers’ forum to facilitate sharing of knowledge and upgrade of faculty skills. gems and jewelry. rural and urban development authorities.1. developing internship opportunities.3 Project Management Team The project management team would have professionals taking on various tasks of the nodal agency as their core responsibilities. organizing guest lectures and participating in live projects. led by the district collector.2 Sector Skill Committees It is proposed that sector skill councils or committees be established across the state with the help of NSDC (refer to Sector Skill Council in NSDC level recommendations). The committee could meet once a month and conduct quarterly reviews of the district skilling initiatives. undertaking industrial visits. 4.1. repair and servicing. health care. The objective is sector-specific skill development. The representation of industry associations is key to sustainable solutions for the district skilling initiatives.c) Conducting district-level job fairs—Invite all the major employers in and around the district. banking and financial services. involve all the VTIs in the district and also use this platform to mobilize the youth for training A recommended structure of the district committee shall have representatives from higher education authorities. in the target industries of construction. Possible sector skill committees or councils in Rajasthan Each industry cluster will have a Skill Development Center which will be managed by a council of members representing key stakeholders. textiles. The project management team may be structured as given in the figure below: 92 . 4. automotive. tourism and hospitality. NGO representatives. industries and institutions to facilitate focused skill development preferably for industry clusters. IT and IT-enabled services (ITeS). Figure 37. Conducting a detailed sector-specific skill report and analysis for the state could be a start in this direction. handicraft. ITIs and VTIs representative. engineering.

4. Accenture propose that RSLDC be made the nodal agency. the management assistance team would be supported by district-level teams in monitoring and capacitybuilding activities. with a separate working group focusing on the above recommendations. management assistance (operations) and subject matter expert teams under it.Figure 38.2 Implementation Structure To ensure effective implementation of skill development initiatives. Recommended implementation structure for state skilling initiatives The implementation plan for skill development would essentially address three basic questions: a) What are the end results to be delivered to key internal and external stakeholders? b) How can the state achieve the targeted outcomes? 93 . At the operational level. Project Management structure and processes The project management team would include a steering committee. Figure 39. with quality.

4. financial literacy and time management. measurable. These should focus on the following: a. policy and sector. Soft skills such as effective communication should be an inherent part of all training. Curriculum restructuring to match industry needs with an emphasis on shorter courses with quick turnover periods. Certification courses must be recognized with better placement of certified candidates for standardization of skills in a cost-effective and speedy manner. Industry associations such as CII . e. b. The state must identify a unique capacity-building and support agency which would cut across all the trades across various departments to deliver the best available training for the candidates. along with computer basics.c) Which apex body will drive the initiatives for the state based on measurable parameters of skilling’? The answers to these would address the skill development implementation issues and etch out the roles of the key players and enablers in establishing a sustainable skilling environment. achievable. Industry participation at the training and placement level should be encouraged. guest lectures and field visits to be part of the course. Our recommendations would help the state addressing the skill gaps in the state by setting specific. d. The recommendations fall under three specific categories: 94 . FICCI etc.1 Recommendations for the State A state-level skill development approach should include skill-building initiatives to address growing requirements in emerging and growth sectors. These solutions have been laid out as a set of recommendations in the section ahead under three broad categories of infrastructure.2. realistic. on-the-job training and practical exposures to industry. and time-bound objectives. need to play a major role in engaging skilled workforce in industries for more efficient outputs. c.

95 . The nodal agency should provide solutions for: a. This nodal agency should envisage setting up at least 750 to 1. The target group comprises school dropouts. This involves pre-employment training.000 training centers (by engaging partners) across the state by 2015–16. agricultural workers and the second generation of agricultural workers. Large-scale skill development initiative: This is aimed at imparting basic as well as advanced training to manage migration of unskilled people to semi-skilled and skilled jobs in industries in a structured manner. forward and backward linkage. The state rural development and agriculture departments can play a key role in this initiative to train the vast unskilled workforce of Rajasthan. Recommended state-level skill development framework I- Infrastructure: Implementation structure. mapping and supporting all the agencies. rules. and it will be delivered at the block level using the existing primary education infrastructure and projects sites. and scalability. The content for the training programs will be developed in association with VTIs and the industries concerned. VTIs would provide the necessary skill certification (advanced training program) to candidates at the end of the training. departments and institutes involved. funding requirement and mechanism to scale up are key to the success of skill development initiatives in the state. Short industryspecific programs would provide exposure to general work culture—discipline. The typical duration of the basic training program (specifically for construction and agro processing jobs) is four to eight weeks. To ensure the effectiveness of the training program. safety as well as role expectations from the employee. The pilot locations for this initiative could be the backward districts of Rajasthan.Figure 40. the large-scale skill development initiatives should focus on standardization. A designated nodal agency could anchor the skill development initiatives in terms of guiding.

The creation of a 96 . a common Web-based platform could be created. labor unions and other machineries either through a PPP or convergence model.com. It would serve as a virtual platform that integrates the efforts of employers. and even local firms. Figure 41. job portals such as monster. In order to achieve this. the state IT department. match profiles. jobs and training) Giving incentives to employment officers for open positions that lead to closures of vacancies Incentivising employment exchange for clearing backlog Publishing employment exchange-wise annual calendar of job fairs Ensuring easy access to candidate pool by creating a digital format of candidate profiles IIPolicy interventions: The state-level initiatives could be specifically divided into two broad categories: a) State skill development nodal agency: In order to have a unified approach to skilling and development.com and naukri.b. job seekers. counselling. and provide the state an estimate of the potential job market. apprenticeships. state rural livelihoods mission (SRLM)-Rajasthan. Recommended Integrated Virtual Labour Market c. public agencies such as RSLDC. the state should assign an organization such as RSLDC as the nodal agency to avoid duplication of efforts and “re-inventing wheels” in each department. employment exchanges. and degree and diploma holders) with industry requirements. The various initiatives proposed under this are: Training employment officers in customer-facing functions Establishing more career centers (offering assessment. The enabling environment for this market would be facilitated by industry associations. This would essentially serve as a transparent platform to search for jobs. Integrated virtual labour market: The focus here would be on employability by matching available skills (ITI students. Convergence strategies: Employment exchange-related initiative The objective of this initiative is to change the role of the employment exchange from that of a controller to that of a market facilitator of employment generation.

in Rajasthan who would for active involvement in a number of skilling initiatives. Bank financing for skill development training—this system would largely work on the social microfinance models or as the funding of the training for the target segments.state-level nodal agency will ensure a seamless integration of the various state departments. private players. The role of industry associations shall be as follows: Advocate the engagement of skilled workers in industries Encourage in policy formation to initiate more PPP interventions for skilling Create ideal resource centers in each district for skill training and placement Act as a medium of interface between the industrial requirements in terms of workforce and VTIs in terms of placement of trained youths 97 . The state should identify industry associations such as CII. b) Nodal skill development industry association: It would be of foremost importance that industry associations anchor certain skilling initiatives and also have value proposition in terms of skilled workforce for future sectoral development. This special kind of intervention could be initiated by the nodal agency with certain banks and training partners by arranging for a tripartite agreement between the training agency. training providers. which in turn will be issued only when the candidate passes the assessment test conducted by the allotted assessment agency from among the assessment agencies empanelled by NCVT and RCVT. The nodal agency would create a system through which any department or organization (private or public) can get a “skill voucher” after paying for it. The list of candidates would be based on the database of the registered youth (after mobilization and registration at various points). The voucher would then be redeemed by the training institutes.2: Implementation structure) The nodal agency could be the base for some of the innovative initiatives such as: Skill voucher system—this could be a unique system of empowering the youth by giving them the choice of opting for training courses. the nodal agency and the bank. The skill vouchers shall be issued by the nodal agency in the name of the candidates and will be handed over to the sponsoring department or organization. They would get the amount specified in the skill voucher only after the candidate gets the National Council for Vocational training (NCVT) or Rajasthan Council for Vocational Training (RCVT). beneficiaries and other stakeholders in the formulation of action plans and road maps for implementation of skilling initiatives. The nodal agency for the scheme would issue detailed guidelines from time to time for smooth and effective implementation of the scheme. The vouchers can be used by the candidates for training at any eligible training institute willing to enroll them and in any course of their choice out of the courses covered by the scheme. FICCI etc. If the candidate fails the test. (Refer to section 4. the sponsoring department or organization would get its money refunded. The department or organization ensures its distribution to the candidates.

and encourage specific models (pilots or innovations). rural development agencies. Udaipur. employers such as GMR and ADECCO. these committees could innovate with capacity building of training providers. by aiding in course curriculum design and training of trainers. with 494 placements till date. District Rajsamand Project Swalambhan is a comprehensive program to address the rural youth’s need for a sustainable livelihood by imparting quality skill trainings. which are in accordance with industry demands and which will command assured employment. banks and potential employers. by laying down operational standards of training. Quality and Standards: Standardized courses and ideal centers for each sector would be crucial in keeping with market requirements. The structure may also include civil society representatives belonging to the specific sector in the cluster. Besides. A total of 1. The broader guidelines of execution could be set from the existing and upcoming SSCs of NSDC. district administration. The model followed is by and large a ZERO-COST model. III- Sector specific committees—these committees would primarily look after some of the high growth and emerging sectors of the state. The courses are certified by IGNOU and MLS University. These centers would operationalize the procedures laid down to create ideal conditions for sectors to encourage more such training centres across state. RAJSAMAND KAUSHALL VIKAS KENDRA (RKVK) follows a Hub and Spoke Model in which it acts as the hub with support from Hindustan Zinc. training partners.CASE STUDY: Project Swalambhan.199 youths have registered for this program. the spokes are the training providers such as IL&FS and ITIs. grading and specific placement for which it can take the help of third party certifying agencies. banks such as Rajsamand Urban Cooperative Bank and the youths who have registered with RKVK and at job fairs. corporate houses. NGOs and the district administration. with the divisional commissioner or a representative of a strong industry association as head of each sector committee. Research and Learning: The sector specific committees must bring in best practices from across the nation and the world. and advisers specific to the structure. Local-level skill gap analysis (block level and cluster-specific level) in a periodic manner would help in giving a clear picture of the actual skill situation and show the way ahead. 98 . The main activities these committees would look after are: Certification: Certification of the courses prescribed. which is achieved by pro-active collaboration among the youth.

Since the handicraft sector needs undivided attention and calls for a separate setup for efficient functioning. It is recommended that service training institutes (STC) be set up to see to this requirement. The skills required in the service sector are quite different from those required in other sectors. infrastructure-related and human resources-related. the three focus areas for skill development are: 99 . the service industry is booming in Rajasthan.  Repair and servicing Rajasthan has a huge potential for the repair and servicing business given the state’s vast vehicle pool. Based on this. especially in automobile engineering. STCs will require participation from all three major stakeholders—the government.Some of the sector-specific recommendations are as follows:  Textiles The recommendations for the textiles industry can be classified into three categories—industry-related. retail. as well as training of existing employees. Increasing the number of seats for textile-related education and the industry’s awareness of textile institutes in the state. and advanced STCs with a focus on mid-level and high-end service sector skills have been proposed. textile labs or research centers and textile chemical hubs within the state. are also recommended. Basic STCs with a focus on entry-level skills. it is proposed that a tractor mechanic school be set up in Kota and a motor mechanic school be set up in Jaipur as a PPP initiative with select partners. it is suggested that an artisan-based federation be set up in a participatory manner. tourism. Recommendations include setting up of textile machinery service centers. and banking and finance) Like in the rest of the country. industry and educational institutes. It could help in skill development and production facilitation. some of the other high-growth sectors such as construction. or even schools and colleges. access to good health care facilities.  Handicraft The handicraft skill development framework takes into consideration the market potential and the skills required for various handicraft clusters. availability of public travel facilities). hospitality. infrastructure-related and human resources-related.  Service industry (IT/ITeS.  Automotive and engineering The recommendations for this industry are also of three types—industry-related. and serve as market interface for artisan groups Apart from these sectors. STCs could make use of the classrooms at ITIs. Recommendations include formulation of measures to address the issue of availability of specific skills and knowledge required for the automotive and engineering sector (for instance. and increase in the number of diploma engineering seats. metallurgy. if required. gems and jewelry would need special focus as these sectors shall contribute in large-scale workforce engagement. and ISO standards). To summarize the state-level recommendations. improvement of infrastructure in the Alwar-Bhiwadi area (schools and colleges.

the demand for skilled labour will be high especially in the emerging sectors Figure 42. As the estimated demand-supply gap shows. 100 . Skill deficit and surplus in 2017 as per projections In Fig 9 earlier. loans from banks. convergence strategies.a) Integrated approach to skill development across departments by appointing a nodal agency.2. the unskilled workforce is projected to be a surplus of about 10 lakh. PPP modes of operations. Along with this. Incremental human resource requirement by 2017 in high-growth sectors. Therefore. Industry associations should advocate more skilled labor in industries and mandate industries with certain PPP-based skilling initiatives for sustainable corporate citizenship actions.2 Recommendations for the State’s Industries The industry associations should play the role of a catalyst by rapidly absorbing skilled manpower by industries and thus encouraging more skill training in the state. formation of sector skill councils—are crucial for success in skill development plan 4. Involving more training partners with experience of working with NSDC would help in providing a standardised delivery mechanism for skilling and placement c) Innovation such as introduction of skill vouchers. the key would be utilization of the unskilled labor—after certain skilling programs—as semiskilled for higher efficiency in industries and services. On the other hand. industries would require close to 24 lakh skilled or semiskilled workforce by 2017 but the projected supply does not meet the demand. and with a change in focus from process-oriented to result-oriented skilling programs by inviting more partners to anchor the initiatives across districts b) Following the PPP model for developing state infrastructure in terms of training centers that are attuned to the current market scenario.

More training providers should be invited for opening centers across districts with suitable funding mechanisms. 4. and packaging. The wages of skilled workers should be increased by 20 percent on an average with a minimum 22 days of work without any gender bias. The target group for this initiative is engineering. automotive. Industries could also play a proactive role in setting course curriculum (in line with current industry or market requirements) and also in formation of state sector skill councils by approaching NSDC with suitable proposals (related to skilling infrastructure. polytechnic and ITI students. While infrastructure support and capacity-building efforts could be provided by RSLDC and NSDC. This would basically boil down to the development of Institute-level Skill Development Initiative aimed at improving the current infrastructure for skilling (additions and optimization).  Agro processing: Quality control and lab management. it could also provide skill vouchers to youths interested in training. The state government could also provide the necessary financial assistance for evaluating the current pool of resources by bank linkages for vocational training and carrying out orientation programmes accordingly. Improving course curriculum Focus on specialization This will focus on the tourism.industries could also engage its current workers in up-skilling programs. construction. employment opportunities and skills required.3 Recommendations for Training Partners and Providers Training providers are key to the success of skill development initiatives. training designs and overall employability of students to meet industry standards. mining and construction. Also. giving them the choice to opt for a training of their choice. arts and science graduates. agro processing. and target group-specific training. the contracting models for engaging unskilled workers for an average maximum period of 11 –14 days across industries needs to be revamped. engineering. available resources and industry’s capacity to absorb skilled manpower. Specific specializations in each of the industries will be covered under this initiative. textiles. The activities under this initiative will cover identification of staffing solution providers. and textile industries. Based on the growth projections for the districts. even class tenth and twelfth students. mapping of the current pool of target groups and the current skill gaps among them. 101 . Strengthening employment market linkage The objective of this initiative is to strengthen employment market linkages by networking with staffing agencies and linking supply with demand. food retailing and branding. especially in service-related industries. IT and ITeS. focus on foreign tourists and ticketing. the training partners could develop operational plans across districts. especially in sectors such as tourism. orientation programs on the job market. not by eliminating the model but by making it an inclusive one.2. hospitality. This initiative comprises the following subinitiatives and activities: i. Examples of the industry-wise curriculum are as below:  Tourism: Inter-state tour operations. capacity and certification) for industry clusters. Apart from this. partnership with local industries and service providers would enable better placements after training. The average wage for the workers after training needs to be adjusted as per the minimum wages law. ii.

student profile and training needs. v. A detailed view would be discussed in subsequent section (NSDC level). project proposals.  Textiles: Design. encourage specialization and generate revenue. accounting and control systems. focus on new courses. market access knowledge. the faculty members will undergo another three to four weeks of training with the companies. Under this initiative. The host institute can generate revenue by way of training fee.  IT and ITeS: Specialization in medical transcription. Private vocational training providers should be encouraged to set up base in the state. and introduction of short-term courses and institutionalization of a performance management system. pattern-making. The cost of the training will be borne by the educational institution. and will also encourage industry-institute partnerships. CNC and ISO Quality/Six Sigma.  Automotive and engineering: Manufacturing technology. Improving ITIs The recommendations related to improving ITIs include experience sharing. It will cover advanced technical knowledge at the concept and machine level. Encourage private training providers The focus of this initiative is on the shared service model for better utilization of infrastructure and equipment. reduce pressure on duplicating infrastructure. Focus on practical orientation The objective of this program is to back theoretical concepts with extensive exposure to the industrial environment. spinning and garmenting. and focus on communication—spoken as well as written. cost estimation. Selected faculty members will undergo a structured training for a period of four weeks during the summer vacation. finishing and quality control. better utilization of educational infrastructure. experience. This initiative will cover a list of university-approved specialized courses. Focus on shared education service The objective of this initiative is to train students in highly specialized trades through a shared education service model. Improve the quality of training for trainers The objective of this initiative is to provide cutting-edge training programs on knowledge-based industries to select faculty members. faculty members would be selected for university-approved specialized courses on the basis of their educational background. The time allotted to the practical component of the training module will also be increased from the current 10–15 percent. This initiative will ensure quality education. vi. At the end of training programme. Students from other colleges can get trained and certified by the host institute and course credits can be transferred. These highly specialized courses will be offered at select educational institutes with the necessary infrastructure and faculty. tendering and contract management. institute profile. Construction: Project planning and scheduling. merchandising. iv. This initiative will ensure transfer of knowledge from faculty to students. iii. study of physical models to back the theoretical concepts and exposure to the latest industrial equipment. 102 . textile chemistry. CAD/CAM and industrial automation.

4 Recommendations for NSDC NSDC can shoulder the responsibility of supporting the skill mission of the state by emphasizing on long-term capability building and stronger institutions (as partners). NSDC would be able to bring into the state the right kind of private players across sectors. the state government should encourage creation of centers of higher education and research for particular industry clusters. The focus should be on automotive. preparing a skill development plan. front-office jobs. and establishing a highend training centre. the training partners could find good working ground in enterprise building in nonfarm sectors such as handicraft. It should focus on: • Building long-term capability of existing clusters • Creating market awareness • Building long-term capability of schools and colleges The existing partners would primarily focus on the above listed points to make the best of their core competency to provide a win-win solution on the ground. agro product industries) Driving and mechanic work (automobile and repairing services. Deployment of cluster development initiative for building long-term capability would be done by engaging the right kind of partners with proposals having a cluster perspective plan. transport and logistics) White goods services and multiskill technician (wiring. As envisaged earlier. The sector skill councils (SSC) would be an important enabling factor from which the state could leverage on the structure and the national occupational standards (NOS). improved delivery mechanism and building quality assurance. and maintain the competitiveness of the resident industries. ensure long-term availability of highly skilled human resources. i. and would also encourage local skill development institutes to come on board as partners. In brief. Some of the emerging sectors which could be on the priority shall be: Life skills and communication skills (English as the focus) Computer science basics (for IT and ITeS) Retail and basic marketing (for sales. plumbing) Apart from these.2. These would require special structures and models. Building capability of clusters The objective of this initiative is to build long-term capability. insurance. 4. and companies establishing centers of higher education and research should be given training incentives. wood work. mobile. mandates the SSCs with the following functions: • • • Setting up Labour Management Information System(LMIS) to assist in planning and delivery of training Identifying skill development needs and preparing a catalogue of skill types Developing a sector skill development plan and maintaining a skill inventory 103 . the objective of the SSC is to complement the existing vocational education system and address skill gaps through research. fitting. As part of the New Industrial Policy in Rajasthan. 2009. engineering. tourism and handicraft industries. metal and stone works. electrical.It would be inevitable for new training partners to explore the scope of building the business model keeping Rajasthan in mind. and training providers would need specific proposals to address the target segments. The National Skill Development Policy (NSDP).

ITI students and diploma holders. polytechnic and ITI students. capacity building and support The objective of this initiative is to map the current skill levels of students against industry standards. Creating market awareness Creating market awareness among the employable youth is critical for setting high standards. Skill assessment. The target group will be engineering. and 14 approvals were in the pipeline or under due diligence. Key initiatives will include exchange programmes. standardization processes • Planning and executing training of trainers • Promoting academies of excellence As of October. an annual review of the process and obtaining feedback at regular intervals. A snapshot of the SSCs (as per NSDC records) is given below: Table 17. and create role models. Undertaking a specific skill development 104 . The target group will be engineering. accreditation. Snapshot of SSCs (Source: NSDC. with a specific focus on soft skills. Activities under this initiative will include a skill assessment of first-year students.• Developing skill competency standards and qualifications • Developing a standardized affiliation and accreditation process • Participating in affiliation. create awareness about emerging trends and opportunities. arts and science graduates. October 2012) ii. counselling and training with leading partners in skilling in India. The objective of this initiative is to set high aspirations. 2012. iii. 18 SSCs have been approved by NSDC. and participation in the World Skills Competition showcasing the skills available in Rajasthan.

innovative PPP projects in some of the key growth sectors such as construction. Important facts and figures from the study related to projections of population and workforce: Projected population of Rajasthan by 2022: ~887 lakh (provisional data) Projected labour force of Rajasthan by 2022: ~ 469 lakh Projected workforce of Rajasthan by 2022: ~362 lakh Unemployment rate of Rajasthan in 2011-12: 1.program to address skill gaps will also be part of the initiative.59%. stone and marbles. The Government of Rajasthan will continue to play an active role in these initiatives and coordinate with all stakeholders in skills development and NSDC will be a catalyst for an enabling skill development environment. sectors from secondary and tertiary only used for this analysis) 105 .16. oil and food processing. NSDC has a key role to play in building capacity for skilling in the state like the formation of state sector skill councils or committees.46. industry. Thus. institutes and the society. handicraft. tourism.4 (ranks 4th in overall national study by Labour Bureau. we would be preparing the state to face the challenges and opportunities of economic growth in the coming years. textiles. which is in the interest of all stakeholders—the government. hospitality and mining. Some of the important industry clusters are automotive. automobiles. Partners with experience in such initiatives would be facilitated to set up resource centers and ideal centers for each industry cluster/trade in every district. To conclude. gems and jewelry. focus is needed in all the above mentioned areas to ensure the emergence of a skilled workforce. Ministry of Labour and Employment ) Skill Gap in Rajasthan by 2017: ~24 lakhs (as per the study) % of workforce under various categories by 2017: Skilled. by transforming the skill landscape of the state. services. To summarize.07% Incremental Human resource requirement across high growth sectors by 2017 & 2022: ~60 lakh & ~ 90 lakh (projected values. Semi-skilled.

The main objective of this section is to bring out insight on the Skill patterns prevailing in districts and the expected skill requirements to match growth plans across various high impact industries.5. state of education. 106 .District wise Skill Gap Findings This chapter outlines the overall District wise socio-economic analysis on workforce pattern. and economic profile of district by industry. demography.

1 District Bikaner 107 .Chapter 5: District wise Skill Gap Findings 5.

95 HDI Ranking (2008) 3 Male Literacy(in %) 76.) 18355 Key Data 2010-11.5 Share of primary sector (%) Source :Statistical Abstract. Eco Review 61. of Blocks/ Tehsils 8 No.77 Sex Ratio 903 Decadal growth rate(in 24. of colleges (PG & Graduation) 28 Total Post graduates (in '00s) Total trainees trained (in '00s) 26 No.4 Share of secondary & tertiary sector (%) 38. of Villages 874 No.16 Lakh 84693 Semi-skilled workforce 69208 108 . of Schools (elementary & Sec. DIC 2009 Workers participation rate (2001) 39.2011.90 Per Capita Income (in Rs.6 No.3 (in 000s) Total graduates (In 153 '00s) 09 Total Investment (in lakhs) 29535 No.48 %) % Urban Population 33.) 3081 Basic Data Population (in '000s) 2368 Overall Literacy (in 65. HD Report 2008. of MSME/Industries 6788 Total Employment 35.of VTIs(registered ITI+Poly+ITC) 16 Indicators (Cumulative) 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 Skilled workforce 53461 60236 73988 60493 76186 Employable 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 population 61874 79016 59884 80198 62591 83135 61651 1.District Skill Workforce Face Sheet-2012 District Bikaner State Rajasthan Data Reported from Census 2011 (provisional) No.92 %) Female Literacy(in %) 53.

779) and 7th on gender development index (0. Socially orthodox and rigid caste and gender relations define the social fabric of the district.11' to 29.77 779 6876 30175 1459 648 44 220 69 12 28 4 1 Total geographical area ADMINISTRATION Tehsil Villages Municipal Corporation Municipality 4 Land Use Pattern Total Area Total Irrigated area 5 Population (census 2011) Total population Men Women SC (2001) ST (2001) 6 Literacy (except 0-6 age group) Total literate Men Women 8 9 Energy Electrified Villages Industries Registered Small scale Industries persons Employed 12 Education (Primary) Primary Schools Middle Schools Aided 13 Education (Secondary) Secondary Schools Senior Secondary Schools Aided 14 Higher Education / Others Colleges ITI DIET Table 18 Bikaner District Profile.1 Demographic Profile: Bikaner is situated in the northwest of the state of Rajasthan.9 53. The school dropout rate is highest at elementary and secondary education stage (retention rate is just 57).9 228355 2367745 1243916 1123829 803736 383566 65. handicrafts.54' to 74. about 330 kilometers from the capital Jaipur.5.a snapshot 109 .525). As per provisional census 2011 data.23% showing trends of population stabilization. Bikaner accounts for population of 23.92 76. sparsely populated and vast Thar region.1. and extensive out-migration for labour. It stands third on the Human Development Index (0.9 8 874 1 3 30247.03' 71. 2011Provisional). where livelihoods are traditionally dependent on millet crops (low intensity cropping). There was a decrease in the decadal growth of population of 13. S. livestock.no 1 LOCATION Latitude Longitude 2 3 AREA Section Unit Quantity/ Location degree min degree min sq km number number number number Hectares Hectares number Number Number Number Number percent percent percent number number number number number number number number number number number number 27. It lies in the arid. It ranks as the third largest district of the state with the second lowest population density of the state with just 78 (Census.22' 30247.68 lakhs with sex ratio of 903 (compared to 2001 census figure of 896) which is on the lower side of the state ratio of 926.

Considering the density of 1524 49546 population and the vast area. In rural areas the participation rate is higher than the urban by close to 17% (Urban. At the Intermediate college level. female literacy was at 53.6% in case of polytechnic in comparison to the state. 5. the male literacy figure stands at 76. The enrolment/ training of aspirants in these institutes are catering for just 3. the school spread is Pre Primary &Primary Fig.92% compared to 57.4% of the workforce and rest in secondary & tertiary sectors. remains higher than the state average though is on the lower side in comparison to the male figures. in non –farm sector as well as “Bhujia” manufacturing (SSI).06%.4%). courses are available in the area of science.The worker participation rate in Bikaner is 39. Rajasthan education status through polytechnics and ITIs. Agriculture is the main activity in the district providing employment to about 59. A total of just 1700 aspirants got trained in 2009-10 in the recognized training institutes.90% (lower than state average). There are total of just five recognized vocational training institutes in Bikaner district out of which 03 are ITIs and 02 are polytechnics. Rajasthan. On the other hand.28. arts and commerce.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization Bikaner status in literacy was marked below the state average. the retention Upper Primary 1068 38889 rate of students in schools of Bikaner is quiet low but Sec/ Sr Sec 489 19135 the lack of infrastructure for informal education Table 19 Bikaner vs.Bikaner skilling initiatives with 24 approved programs 110 . According to Census 2011 provisional Bikaner has a total of 3081 schools from pre-primary Education Bikaner Rajasthan to senior secondary levels. The average literacy rate of Bikaner in 2011 is 65.5% (HDI. The other occupation mainly comprise of artisans activity. 2008) with primary sector engaging close to 61. massive out-migration and social fabric results in lower results of technically skillful employees.36% of 2001 which is remarkable but still is lower than the state figure of 67. Source: Statistical Abstract. According to Census 2011 provisional data.1.5% in case of ITI scholars and 9. average in comparison to the state average and across Rajasthan .77%.19 Number of Schools.2011 other districts. 2009-10.45. As mentioned earlier.02 percent of the working population.7% & Rural. As per the updated report available on Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 9 partners implementing Figure 43 Number of ITI & Polytechnic.

The preferred courses of the women were tailoring. The courses which were offered by the government VTIs were predominantly self-employment based or to cater the local market needs.(3 out of which are completed and 5 are ongoing). All the VTIs 111 . embroidery.3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Bikaner district The existing scenario of VTIs in Bikaner seems more dominant by the government initiatives of ITIs and polytechnics. Few of the private players have eventually emerged for catering the needs for skilling youths of the district. 5.30) and for females was 20-24. In private VTIs the courses were more female oriented and 9 of the 11 courses offered were preferred by the women. The government VTIs interviewed in the survey was five and four were from the private. receptionist. A detailed view of the vocational training of Bikaner could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs. only 125 (33%) were females.1. The selection of course design and other influencing factors for finalization of courses by the VTI functionaries were more or less determined by the availability of facilities and equipment. The average age of males was ranging between 22. The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Bikaner are represented as follows: Government. The clear observation made was that these government VTIs provided a wide range of courses (16 courses) with each sanctioned batch strength of above 20 (either25 or 21). VTI Trades Receptionist Web designing Embroidery & ladies work Food preservation & vegetable processing Hindi stenography Ladies Tailor Makeup Artist Electrician Salt processing Cutting & swing Ladies tailor Children tailor Private VTI Trades Dairy management Animal husbandry Makeup Artist Hair cutting Coloring & Styling Accounting on computer Tree farming Vegetable processing Handicraft Accounting on Computer Marketing & Selling Readymade garments Fashion Designing Office Assistant Table 20 Trades offered in Bikaner district_sample study The total 5 VTIs (government) covered in the sample out of which 2 were Women ITIs. scope of placement and livelihood. Most of these courses were oriented towards self-employment training and dropout rate was low.25 (except for hair cutting. More often the courses provided were less oriented for direct placement in the market rather introduced the aspirants for self-employment for males and as another home based know how for females. Out of a total of 375 aspirants across various government VTIs. It could be observed from the age grouping that the acceptance of vocational training and realization of its relevance for earning livelihoods as an option was generally late keeping in mind the low literacy rates of Bikaner. and web designing. preference of the youth for these trades.

The thrust of the VTIs (perhaps based on the market conditions) is more focused on developing trained manpower for the self-employment sector. Though Bikaner possesses a considerable small scale industrial base.Government VTIs. It appears that there is no interaction with the industry to highlight the demand of the current demand of the industries of the district. Almost all of them did not have any hostel facility (except one for boys) or any commuting facility for the aspirants. The demand from consecutive batches and facilities available. 112 . even in case of private players (may be due to newly introduced courses and agencies). the placement remains far below expectations. The average age of the aspirants was also marked a low of 20-22 years only. engaging a substantial workforce. Bikaner Sample On the other hand. equipped labs. No evidence of any kind of market research or study based course requirements were made across all the government VTIs. and space for conducting the training. 5. electricity and water supply. fashion and handicrafts.4 Placement & Absorption Trend The overall placement scenario remains more or less dominated by the factor of self-employment trend. Hostel facilities and commutation remains on the lower interest among all the private institutions. drive the course selection and design in all the private VTIs. More than 55% of the total trainees in the current batches across all the courses were females and majority were absorbed in tailoring and handicraft making which were more or less informal/ unorganized sectoral engagements. Overall a few courses were observed related to imparting of technical know-how across the entire 9 sample VTIs. Interestingly the VTI functionaries claim that the courses on offer in these government VTIs are more demand driven as per the aspirations of the youths and less mandated from any university or board. A similar trend in the demand for the VTIs was observed in case of private players as well. garment manufacturing.claimed to have updated technologies. Figure 44 Factors influencing course selection and design. the interaction with the VTIs remains limited and thus. The industry’s role in demanding courses favorable for its optimization was observed to be low and thus one could anticipate the less involvement of contemporary industries in course designing or structuring in these VTIs. Only electrician course trainees were employed and rest information could not be tracked. the private VTIs (sample of four covered) offered 11 courses and nine out of these were female oriented trainings like tailoring.1.

Karni. Loonkarnsar. Churu. there are about 425 units in Bikaner producing Bhujias. Gypsum is found in good amount. namely Bichhawal. Bikaneri 113 . Though industrialization process started somewhat late but in a short span of time. At present. Bikaner’s industrial estate has 250 fully developed plots where industries are thriving greatly. In 1980. white clay and fullers-earth are quite abundant in Bikaner. At present. instead of moving to other regions for doing business. In between 1967-70. During early eighties.1. industries based on gypsum. Nagaur and Sri-Gaganagar. the city’s industrial growth is remarkable. people preferred to stay at Bikaner to do business. Rajasthan industries like wool. favorable business conditions encouraged people to start industries in their home district. The most prosperous industries in Bikaner are: Woolen Industry: Bikaner boasts of being the biggest Woolen Mart not only in India but also in Asia. Carpet weaving is also a famous industry at Bikaner. The main existing industries of Bikaner are Bathroom fittings. Thousands of people are employed in these papad and namkeen industries. There are hundreds of big and small units in Bikaner which are involved in making Papads and Bhujias of different varieties. Bikaner saw tremendous growth in the Table 21 Status of Industrial Areas-Bikaner. These units are located in the Bikaner district and nearby areas of Shri Dungargarh.5. Khajuwala. the small scale industries got the attention and the progress was achieved at the end of eighties (presently the numbers are close to 6780 SSI).5 Industry Mapping The Industrial Development movement in Bikaner can be traced to as early as in 1962. During this period. There are total eight industrial areas in Bikaner. the Bikaner Industries Association proposed to set up a second industrial estate and for which a 250 acres area of land was allocated. Thus. agricultural products and chemicals and ceramics. The wool is taken from Bikaner to Badhohi in Uttar Pradesh for making good quality carpets. the first industrial area was outlined and the Bikaner district association was formed. Ceramic Industry: In and around Bikaner. Nokha. Thereafter. Soon. Bikaner has been a center of wool business for more than 185 years.close to 110 ceramic based industries. Not only residents of Bikaner but also people from neighboring areas started to participate in the eruption of industrial development of the city. Khara. Bikaner. Except a few most of these units are small and cottage type industries. Bhujiya and Namkeen Industry: Bikaner is famous for its Papad and Bhujias. Napassar.

oil extraction and refinery. machine tools and parts. cement. ginding. papad and magori . employment 39695 42875 45284 46623 2009 employing 30. cattle feed. leather footwear. employment and numbers. cotton (in bales) textiles. The small scale and cottage industries need a special mention and break up across various sectors as they cater for maximum contribution 2004 2005 2006 2007 in the growth factors of the industries. March 2009) 50000 40000 30000 20000 10000 0 5. mustard oil. cotton blankets. Large & Medium Industries There are only few large and medium scale industries in the district.708.41 lakhs. mosaic tiles.8% and the investment by over 81%. (Includes the figures of cottage-tiny industries as well. plaster of paris. cable wire wood and wooden products. According to DIC.I. ceramic tiles.C. The growth of MSME over two decades has been 90000 80000 phenomenal stating the industries grew by more 70000 60000 than 51. 2009 officially there were only 4 large and medium scale industries which are registered. dairy products.6 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Bikaner District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the 20 high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below.C data (March.175 persons with a total units 9205 9775 10363 10608 investment of Rs. textiles. woollen carpets.21. 114 .I. A total of INR (lacs) 15479 17650 19327 21708 6786 numbers of registered as on March 31. These industries have a capital investment of Rs. MSME in Bikaner According to D. 2009). there were around 10608 MSME units set up in the district which were registered in D. woollen blankets and shawls. PVC cables. Bikaner last updated on March. handicraft items.137. rasagollas. gypsum. This would necessarily factor in the concentration of SSI as the major parameter (due to small number of large and medium scale industries) and would also represent any new sector other than the listed sectors prevailing in Bikaner. carpet and shoddy yarn. 52.1. groundnut oil. polyethene film and bags. source Figure 45 Employment in Industrial set up Bikaner DIC Bikaner. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis shall be made on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment.Bhujia.623 persons.88 lakhs providing employment to 46.

Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging Table 22 Sector wise mapping of industries in Bikaner Units Employment Investment (Rs lakhs) 208 11 1187 469 55 912 35 5983 1727 570 801 18 4407 782 10 1923 1343 80 12 16 8945 2970 158 49 51 7224 233 27 3 66 23 11 120 1122 221 45 88 750 7116 1049 3 104 286 4740 1421 Units>200. investment> 30. 115 .all applicable Units> 10. investment>200. etc. Travel.77 lakhs. Some of the major contributors were Food Processing.Sectors Agriculture & Allied Auto & Auto Components Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Electronics & IT Hardware Food Processing Furniture & Furnshing Leather & leather goods Gems & Jewellery Retail Textile Unorganized Sector Building Construction & Real Estates Education & Skill Development Healthcare IT & ITES Media & Entertainment Tourism. emp>750. investment>1000. 41238. Minerals and metals along with unorganized sectors of bhujia making.emp>1000 – all applicable Units>100. Logistics. emp>30 – all applicable Investment & demand based sectors of district-DIC The total investment in the district summed up across sectors as per DIC report was Rs. Hospitality & Trade Transportation. textile. ware housing & packaging Rubber & Plastic Mines. Metals & Minerals Machinery.

The oldest establishment (Raj Plaster Private Ltd. General Managers. textiles. 116 . Directors. medium (4) and small (3) covering various growth sectors of the district like food processing. There is declining trend observed in the workforce engaged as agricultural laborers & cultivators (close to 5%) where as an increase of 8% in the other workers group. Carpets. HR Managers. employment & investment (Bikaner) These industries were selected as large (3). These functionaries represented different levels of management as Partners. The sample of employers consisted of senior level functionaries from 10 diverse industries located in Bikaner district of Rajasthan.) dates back to 1969 while the youngest establishment (CH. The balance of the force close to 31% is engaged majorly in informal or small scale industries.1. and manufacturing. Development of water dependent industries would be difficult in present conditions. Housing scheme and provision of food for their workers. Type of establishment Single Ownership (2 firms) Private Ltd. Woolen Mill Private Ltd.7 Workforce Demand and Supply The major workforce participation observed in Bikaner district over a period of two decades has been engaged mainly as cultivators/ agricultural laborers even though with low productivity. 5. artificial jewelry. All the sampled firms had some popular worker welfare schemes such as ESI scheme. metals & minerals. Woolen Products (2 firms) Cement (1 firm) Tiles & Dyes (1 firm) Food Products (4 firms) Investment (in Lacs) 2079 1635 Employment 2470 1854 Units 107 Resource Based Units 401 219 50 157 Grand Total Demand Based Units Table 23 Break-up of industries in Bikaner (Sample study) Figure 46 Projected units across sectors. The industries like cement and Plaster of Paris were performing below their production capacity. (2 firms) Partnership Firm (5 firms) Multinational (1 firm) Major Product(s) Plaster of Paris (2 firms) Threads. Engagement in secondary and tertiary sector shows an increasing trend as per the industrial growth of the district. etc. agro based industries.) was established in 2002. electrical and automobile should play a key in future. Looking at the present resources and skill set of the workforce. PF scheme. Health scheme.In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set up stratified sample of 10 industries was selected (depending on the availability of respondents’ of the employer group set up).

Similar responses were also found for office administration and accounting positions. loyalty. Apparently the number of Full Time semi-skilled workers in female Semi Skilled category has grown over five times.3 on a scale of 5) in comparison to the relatively low priority of 21% Learning & 21% Development learning and development scope (2. There were marked differences in the wages of the fulltime workers and skilled fulltime workers. More employers are willing to increase Unskilled 117 . In case of support staff the general yardstick followed was class 10th pass and not necessarily the skills possessed.1. Clearly learning and Productivity & efficiency development of workers takes a back seat in comparison to the skills. semiskilled and unskilled categories where a need to expand their full time workers are concerned.2) of the 18% Aspirations-career worker. Male Male Male Total Total Female Female workers (Sample Bikaner) The sampled industries demonstrate their intentions to expand the worker base across the skilled. Productivity and efficiency was growth rated at 3.8 Projected Workforce Demand There has been considerable increase in the number of full time workers over a period of time by close to 62%. productivity Figure 47 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Bikaner sample) and efficiency etc. A clear distinction could be observed in Current Required Plans to Full Time Strength Strength Expand Unskilled the preference of only skilled Strength workers for the contract and daily Figure 48 Present status of skilled workforce and demand for full time wage worker category. Female Total 600 400 200 0 Skilled 315 48 48 597 10 0 52 0 0 Semi Skilled Further classifying into the staff roles Fulltime Contract Daily Wages of these industries. the demand for well qualified professionals could be Figure 49 Requirement of skilled. thought majority of the 600 industries interviewed still feel the 500 400 requirement of semi-skilled workers Full Time 300 200 Skilled over the skilled workers for their full 100 0 time roles.1. 5. semi-skilled and unskilled workers across observed for senior and middle level sample industries in Bikaner management.The major demand in terms of expectations Skills from the employers interviewed were skills Loyalty 19% 21% and loyalty (3. A significant gap is observed between the wages paid to male and female workers.

the wages of skilled male and female workers compared to the semi-skilled or unskilled categories. Contractual and daily wage workers’ wages do not have any significant changes though the actual wages are too low. It is also important to highlight that the supply figures of the workforce do not necessarily determine the employable workforce of the district. The skilled female workforce gets an amount with a difference of Rs. 118 . The difference in the wage structure varies from Rs. 41 in semi-skilled category to Rs. As per the projections the existing gap between the semiskilled workforces would gradually decrease keeping in mind the anticipated investment Skilled 183 128 98 Semi Skilled Unskilled 111 87 15 Male Female Figure 50 Wages of skilled. It ranges from just 3-5% of the supply in the skilled categories who are employable and from 12-15% in the semi-skilled who are employable at various sectors (figures determined by primary analysis of figures at the state level). The demand still remains on the higher side calling for higher degree of skilling initiatives for the district. The historical trends of the district and the projections made based on the inputs determined in the methodology for doing the projections provide certain figures of skilled and semi-skilled workforce and the gap between them. All these comparisons stand good for full time workers only. skilling initiatives and also the gradual on job skilling with experience. 72 in comparison with the skilled males. 83 in unskilled. Male workers stand a significant chance of increase in wages as well. semi-skilled and unskilled workers (all full time) in the sample survey of Bikaner 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 148703 119244 95255 29271 170687 154737 111157 37985 Semi Skilled People Skilled People Semi Skilled People Skilled People 2011-12 Supply Demand 2016-17 Figure 51 Workforce projections in skilled and semiskilled in 2011-12 & 201617 pattern.

The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall was used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings. Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled 119 . Hardware & Home Furnishings Leather & Leather Goods IT or software ITES.BPO Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Gems & Jewellery Tourism. The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: Sectors Automobiles & Auto Components Food processing Electronics Hardware Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden & paper) Textile & Garments Building.1 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Agricultural Sector 646299 668949 678783 52687 3512 702499 77991 35996 5999 119986 25723 60020 85743 171486 750013 148703 95255 993971 54534 55336 3636 3689 727119 737808 Industry Sector 79033 83596 36477 38583 6079 6430 121590 128610 Services Sector 26651 27700 62185 64634 88836 92334 177672 184667 All Sectors 774634 790080 153196 158552 98551 102453 1026381 1051085 2014-15 679060 55358 3691 738109 84923 39195 6533 130651 28307 66049 94355 188711 792290 160602 104578 1057470 2015-16 717354 58480 3899 779733 87945 40590 6765 135300 29365 68518 97884 195767 834664 167588 108547 1110800 2016-17 722687 58915 3928 785530 90046 41560 6927 138533 30091 70212 100303 200605 842825 170687 111157 1124668 % of total requirem ent 70% 12% 18% 100% Table 24 Organized labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary.Sectors Unskilled Semi-skilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semi-skilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semi-skilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semi-skilled Skilled Total Demand 2010-11 579640 47253 3150 630043 72894 33643 5607 112144 24253 56590 80843 161686 676786 137486 89600 903873. secondary and tertiary sectors Bikaner Basis on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the Workforce projections could be made across different categories.

dairy etc. The analysis would factor in industry linkages with vocational training institutes. the projected shortfall of workforce for various categories as Skilled. 18% in the services sector followed by industry engaging of 12% of the workforce. Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement Table 25 Sectoral demand for skilled. Entertainment. structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill requirements of the industries identified in Bikaner district on the basis of manpower absorption and production in high growth industries in the district.1. Electricals & Manufacturing Mining.9 Skill Gap Analysis The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument.Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Organized Retail Real Estate Media. Similarly. content creation. The secondary research performed on the district indicated the demand and supply trends emerging in the major sectors creating the employment avenues for the workforce. semi-skilled and unskilled workforce by 2017 -Bikaner The demand projections suggest that the unskilled labour requirement continues to dominate the structure of labour force of the district followed by semi-skilled workforce demand across various sectors over the next five years. Semi-Skilled & unskilled would be as follows:Workforce Demand & Supply Gap 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 333025 73988 60236 356958 76186 60493 370937 79016 61874 372108 80198 59884 2010-11 Unskilled Semi-skilled Skilled 259833 69208 53461 2015-16 413892 83135 62591 2016-17 420850 84693 61651 Table 26 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 120 . Insurance & Finance Healthcare Machinery. employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging. 70% of the organized workforce may be demanded in agriculture and allied sectors of food processing. 5. animation Education/ Skill Development Banking.

Interview schedules (70 youths) and FGD with youths were used to draw inferences of their thought process. Figure 52 Representation of Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce 5. wiring etc.) and auto mobile (mechanic etc.As per the in-depth interviews conducted with senior functionaries of industry associations. pulses mills. why they think the way they do and how does society respond to their hopes.). 121 .1. fibre goods. plaster of paris. their aspirations mapped against their attitudes to take up sustainable livelihoods work. energy. and oil mills. and government programmes like Khadi Gramudyog Programme aid by providing 25% subsidy. The in-depth interactions were held with 70 respondents across the various categories of youth had given rich information and understanding on their aspirations and perceptions. district officials and observations. Demand for skilled workforce would be increasing over next three to five years keeping in mind the increasing investment pattern of the state. Major employment would be perceived in the wool products. the need and dependence for skilled manpower by the local small scale industries was not well pronounced. Other emerging industries like PVC pipes. sales and marketing. Scope of self-employment and entrepreneurship in the district remains on a high.10 Youth Aspirations The study of the perceptions. Private skilling initiatives are need of the hour to provide training in some of the important segments like computer based accountancy. manufacturing etc. aspirations. aspirations and perceptions. The VTIs did not cater for trend (sample survey) the industry requirements and more customized practical courses were suggested by the industry group to better the condition of skilled manpower. Water supply and labor was least on the priority as labor availability remains high and dependence on water for existing industrial base is low. Services in courier was also considered to be upcoming trade in the industrial set ups. home appliances. The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to understand the perceptions of youth. repairing (mobile. attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Bikaner district to understand what the youth think. Some of the important findings were as follows:Industries were more concerned with the factor endowments like power and land. look promising to enhance wage based livelihood generation.

14% 24% 30% 20% 10% 19% 33% Computer repair Fitter Mobile repairer Electrician Ladies tailor 5% 5% 40% Computer Ladies Tailor Electrician Mobile Repair Fitter Figure 55 Profile of respondents (trainees) by trade in sample of Bikaner Figure 54 Profile of respondents (self-employed) by trade in sample of Bikaner Among the respondents covered under the survey the course of electrician was one of the most preferred one followed by computer repair. fitter and ladies tailor was evident but in varying proportion. mobile repairer. unemployed and trainees (as shown in the table above). All the respondents were covered from government VTIs as the private VTIs surveyed were comparatively new in their operations. Youths preference for self-employed courses in similar trades of electrician. 122 . These trades appear to be the most popular trades as per the perceived demand in the market. self-employed.19% % High School Educated % College Educated Youth Category Employed Self employed Unemployed Trainees 9 20 20 21 81% Figure 53 Youth Education Profile of sample Table 27 Youth Category in Bikaner-sample The youth were covered from the categories of employed. There were peer learning practices observed among the trainees in order to understand additional skill apart from the one they specialize on. There was general consensus regarding better self-employment opportunity in electrician and computer repairer. 19% of the youth covered were college educated and 81% had completed/ drop out from high school education. computer applications.

The most little rated was the utilization of the skills learned in the training institute across various fields of practical application and various walks of life (life skills and effective communication). prefer for self-assured livelihoods instead through Bikaner self-employment.7 7. 8.5. The major aspiration from the entry level job remained work satisfaction.1 7. The expectation in terms of salary was about Rs.8 7. as there were growing perception that the ability to operate computer better would aid in better employment opportunities. improved lifestyle. 15000 123 .9 Assessment of Utility of overall skill vocational level training received Satisfaction Access to VT Capability of Availability of Satisfaction with VT Institutions in VT latest with institutions in own district Institution's technologies monetary providing faculty in and returns skills teaching skills equipment for received VT Need for further advanced training Figure 56 Bikaner Youth’s perception. There was a feeling among the 0 Current Monthly Income Expected Monthly Income trainees that their ability to adapt to other skill (Avg) (Avg) requiring jobs was quiet limited and thus would Figure 57 Income current and expected. quick promotion and enhance salary slabs. 3.1. Most of the trainees responded by mentioning that government jobs would be first preference 11200 even with limited salary slab and scope. learning while applying the skills and family security. need and aspirations –Sample Group There were pronounced needs for further advanced training provided for up-skilling and basic skilling in computer applications.5 8. 5000 In the worst case. Families on the other hand wished for government jobs which were easy works with better salaries and job security.2 7. many believed that all these were mandatory in the private jobs. Though.11 Youth’s Perception 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 8.4 6.000 hike after a year of work experience. The satisfaction level for the entry level jobs and the compensation received initially was high.sample group. self-employment would be sorted for.5 6. not necessarily applicable for the government jobs.000 expecting Rs. This was 8380 10000 very similar to the opinions their parents carried. All the respondents agreed on the use of good communicative English to be the key for working across the nation.

institutions of training (VTI. colleges etc.46 lakh of skilled and semi-skilled demand.12 Optimization Plan The optimization plan would be structured at three tier level of district comprising of target segment (skilled. Bikaner While a majority of respondent youth appears to be satisfied with the current remuneration received. This mindset did have marked changes in opinion once deliberated by the peer groups. around 21% respondents were clearly not satisfied with the present salaries. Bikaner Figure 58 Sample group satisfaction levels with income. Polytechnic. Thus. Training institutions and the basic infrastructure for skilling suggests for more than double the number of institutes (from various training capabilities) at Bikaner district level which would in turn determine the linkages with the industries and institutions from various sectors as shown in the diagram below. The preliminary gap finding. semi-skilled and unskilled). which they expect after a year of experience. ITC.) and the sector wise institutions/industries. it remained inconclusive regarding the option of migration seen as an opportunity or burden.1.% Working youth receiving annual increments % Workingyouth not getting an increment 3% 21% % Satisfied with monthly income % Not Satisfied 79% 97% Figure 59 Sample youths increment status. The overall scenario of the state would finally give major leads to apex bodies like NSDC for formulation of state specific portfolios to suit the requirements and address the future needs of the state in the skilled workforce. ITI. Preference for job locations had mixed response as few preferred self-employment over government jobs in order to avoid migration. projection and analysis highlights the requirement of 1. It was interesting to note that a large majority (around 96%) of the respondents reported that they do not receive any increment at their work place. 124 . 5.

textiles. c) Industries: The primary sectors of high human resource requirement would be food processing. chemical and services and therefore would require increasing linkages with the related institutions for skilled workforce absorption NSDC would be an enabler to lead the training partners in retail. insurance (sales). Along with these. b) Training Partners: The sectors for engaging more skilled workforce would be in food processing. It should encourage the private training partners to participate and operate in the district due to its large base of workers involved in secondary and tertiary sectors.Bikaner Skill Eco-System 2017 The key stakeholders’ contribution in enabling to achieve the target (as shown in the figure) would be as follows: a) State: The state to target the skilled and semi-skilled segment for skilled training by creating additional 25 skill development centres (VTIs) in the district level of operations. textiles and food processing by encouraging specifically designed proposals with increasing the linkages in industry associations and PPP models.Figure 60 Optimization plan. life skills and basics in computer would be the key areas of skill development training. leather. Course curriculum designed to cater for the institutions based in food processing. education and training and engineering based institutions in metals and mining should be the focus. specific course curriculum designed for communicative English. 125 . textiles. textiles and services in the district.

5.2 District Jaipur 126 .

- - - - - - - - - 127 .

6 lakhs (20% of the state population) with sex ratio of Table 28 Jaipur District Profile. It is bound in the north by Sikar and Udaipur. 2011. It stands Secondary & Sr. It has an average elevation of 431 metres. Nagaur.5. The district is situated in the eastern part of Rajasthan.52’ E 2 AREA Total geographical area square km 11. Jaipur was ranked the 7th best place to visit in Asia and in another poll it was ranked third among twelve major Indian cities. S.44 87. As per provisional census ITI number 62 2011 data.82°E.117. Modern infrastructural facilities are developing fast.55’N 75.63 8 Energy Electrified Villages number 779 9 Industries Registered Small scale Industries Employed persons number number 6876 30175 12 Education It ranks as the largest district of the Pre Primary & Primary Schools number 2609 state with the highest density of Upper Primary number 2428 population in the state of 598 (Census. There was a decrease in the decadal growth of population of 8.2. 4 hotel management Institutes.no Section Unit Quantity/ Location 1 LOCATION Latitude Longitude degree min degree min 26.92°N 75. 128 . in South by Tonk. 15 Pharmacy Institutes. Sikar and Ajmer in the west and in east by Bharatpur and Dausa districts. Jaipur has more than 60 Engineering colleges.8 3 ADMINISTRATION Tehsil Villages number number 13 2340 4 Land Use Pattern Total Area Total Irrigated area Hectares Hectares 30247.15% showing trends of population stabilization.1 Demographic Profile: Jaipur is located at 26. 40 Business management institutes.9 228355 5 Population (census 2011) Total population Men Women SC (2001) ST (2001) 6663971 3490787 3173184 777574 412864 6 Literacy (except 0-6 age group) Total literate Men Women percent percent percent 76.778) and 4th on the GDI Colleges number 202 (0.547). Jaipur sprawls over a magnificent area of 1766 km2 in its Metro Region where as 725 km2 in its Walled City.Provisional). Ajmer and Sawai Madhopur. Secondary number 2133 fourth on the Human Development 13 Higher Education / Others Index (0. 3 Medical colleges and 6 Dental colleges apart from more than 200 colleges in 8 universities.a snapshot 909 (compared to 2001 census figure of 897) which is on the lower side of the state ratio of 926. Jaipur accounts for Polytechnic number 03 population of 66.27 64.

48(Rajasthan HDI report. Awareness for education in Rajasthan is resulting in terms of migration of millions of students from small cities and rural areas of Rajasthan to Jaipur. and the Great Indian Travel Baazar (GITB) 2008. Rajasthan education status Education in Jaipur is increasing day by day because Jaipur is the 202 200 capital of Rajasthan State. According to Census 2011 Education Jaipur Rajasthan Pre Primary &Primary 2609 49546 Upper Primary 2428 38889 Fig. vocational and professional courses in wide range of subjects. 5.40. Jaipur has witnessed an annual tourist growth rate of 12%. According to Census 2011 provisional data. The literacy rate of Jaipur in 2011 is 76.The worker participation rate in Jaipur is 35. 129 .G.63. 2009). There are many Universities in Jaipur which offer Undergraduate. 2009-10.44 compared to 69. and P.2011 2133 19135 Table 29 Jaipur vs. the school spread is average in comparison to the state average and across other districts. schools and 100 Institutes.19 Number of Schools. diploma. Women education in Rajasthan is also promoted remarkably in rural areas.Jaipur rapidly.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization Jaipur’s status in literacy was marked higher than the provisional Jaipur has a total of 7170 schools from preprimary to senior secondary levels. 2008) with primary sector engaging close to 41% of the workforce and rest in secondary & tertiary sectors. Source: Statistical Abstract. Rajasthan Sec/ Sr Sec.43% & Rural. The retention rate of students in schools of Jaipur is quiet high as well as the net enrolment ratio in close to 99.2. the male literacy figure stands at 87.30. Jaipur has its presence on globe as a big educational hub 50 12 8 with world class educational 3 0 infrastructure and facilities. 250 state average. Diploma. Part of the world famous Golden triangle (Delhi -Jaipur-Agra). ITI Polytechnics Colleges Universities Education in Rajasthan is growing Figure 61 Number of ITI & Polytechnic. Rajasthan. Post-graduate.27 and female literacy was at 64.06. In rural areas the participation rate is higher than the urban by close to 10% (Urban.50% (HDI. Some of the highlights of the capital city of the state of Rajasthan would be its emergence as an important destination for national and international cultural and economic conventions such as the annual Jaipur Literature Festival. Considering the density of population and the vast area. remains higher than the state average though is on the lower side in comparison to the male figures.44%). Tourism contributes a large chunk to the city and state’s GDP.90 of 2001 which is remarkable and is higher than the state figure of 67. Education scenario of Rajasthan is completely changed now in comparison of last few decades. Education in Jaipur includes all 150 kinds of education with fully facilitated colleges.

private institutions and NGOs. A detailed view of the vocational training of Jaipur could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs. The hospitality industry is growing as a result. ITCs. shopping malls. courses are available in the area of science. private institutes) implementing skilling initiatives with 75 approved programs (65 out of which are completed and 10 are ongoing). Although the companies prefer persons either having higher qualifications or are from the related educational background there is still ample scope for the youths who will be trained in this filed c) Repair and maintenance of Refrigerators and ACs (electricians): Jaipur faces extreme heat in summers and the homes and establishments are increasingly turning towards refrigerators and ACs for relief. d) Hotel Management The tourism industry is growing each year in Jaipur. Moreover. scope of placement and livelihood. There are total of just fifteen registered vocational training institutes in Jaipur district out of which 12 are ITIs and 03 are polytechnics.2. e) Event Management Jaipur is host to a lot of small and large medium events. ITIs. the youth of the area sampled have shown a lot of interest in following this trade. growing fast in Jaipur there is a significant demand for skilled persons in Computer Based Accountancy.At the Intermediate college level. In private VTIs the courses were more male oriented and 1 of the 06 courses offered was preferred by the women. The demand for technicians who can maintain and repair refrigerators and ACs is growing with the greater use of these equipment. b) Sales Persons: Sales and Marketing has emerged as one of the trades where the demand from industry whether it is telecom or banks or insurance firms is growing by the day. thus bringing in a number of visitors to the city. After VAT became effective in the state TALLY has become a necessity for all VAT paying shops. There is a heavy demand of trained youth in this industry. The salary levels in this trade are also expected to be high The government VTIs interviewed in the survey was four and five were from the private. retail stores and medical stores TALLY to maintain their financial data. The courses which were offered by the government VTIs were predominantly self-employment based or to cater the local market needs. a number of private organizations have initiated the As per the updated report available on Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 39 partners (includes NGOs. A total of just above 3000 aspirants got enrolled in 2009-10 in the registered training institutes. preference of the youth for these trades.3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Jaipur district The existing scenario of VTIs in Jaipur seems fairly balanced by the government initiatives of ITIs and polytechnics. arts and commerce. whether they are high profile marriages or Hindi film shows. 5. Private players have eventually emerged for catering the needs for skilling youths of the district in fields as follows: a) Computer Based Accountancy: With number of shops. ITCs. The need for persons who can anchor these events is being felt acutely. Apart from these. The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Jaipur are represented as follows: 130 .

The employment exchange contributed for nil placements of the trained aspirants. 10 Ladies Tailor The selection of 0 Trainees Placement Placement Placement Placed as course design and placed from through through through Project other influencing last batch campus proactive Employment Interns recruitment approach to Exchange factors for industry finalization of Figure 62 Major trades offering placement in Government VTIs (sample survey-Jaipur) courses by the VTI functionaries were 131 . Welder Plumber Diesel Mechanic Private VTI Trades Electrician Wireman Diesel Mechanic Electronics COPA Table 30 Jaipur district’s (sample study) courses offered The total 4 VTIs (government) covered in the sample. The clear observation made was that these government VTIs provided a wide range of courses (16 courses) with each sanctioned batch strength ranged from 18 to 63. Eight of the offered courses relate to the engineering stream of which diesel mechanic course. house wiring.Government. VTI Trades Laser Graphics Making Ladies Tailor House Wiring Steno (Hindi) Steno (English) Radio / TV Mechanic Electrician Fitter Electrical Mechanic. Popularity and demand for basic engineering courses like electrician’s. electrician course and house wiring course appear to be the most popular ones. Most of these courses were oriented towards self-employment training and dropout rate was low. Though 100 the average 90 placement observed 80 was less than 50% 70 for most of the 60 Welder trades offered. The proactive industry participation and the placement through campus were the key factors for the placement. and plumbing reflect the demand for these trades in synchrony with the construction boom observed in the state capital city of Jaipur. More often the courses provided were less oriented for direct placement in the market rather introduced the aspirants for self-employment for males and as another home based know how for females. 50 Electrical Mechanic. These trades majorly 40 catered for the Steno (Hindi) 30 needs of more House Wiring 20 unorganized sectors.

more or less determined by the availability of facilities and equipment. All the VTIs claimed to have updated technologies, equipped labs, and space 10 9 for conducting the 8 training, electricity and 7 6 water supply. Almost all of 5 them did have hostel 4 3 Private facility for girls (none for 2 boys) or any commuting Govt 1 0 facility for the aspirants Demand Demand Mandated Based on Based on both in private and from from the by the available availability government VTIs. trainees industry Board / faculty of facilities
University strength

Interestingly the VTI functionaries claim that Figure 63 Factors influencing course selection and design- Government VTIs the courses on offer in these government VTIs are more demand driven as per the aspirations of the youths and less mandated from any university or board. The industry’s role in demanding courses favorable for its optimization was observed to be high and thus one could anticipate the involvement of contemporary industries in campus placement in these VTIs. No evidence of any kind of market research or study based course requirements were made across all the government VTIs. But some of the private institutions which were the implementing partners of RSLDC did showcase some preliminary studies carried out to map the retail, ITES, hospitality and other skilling sectors like gems and jewellery, auto and transport etc.

& equipment

5.2.4 Placement & Absorption Trend
The overall placement scenario remains more or less dominated by the factor of self-employment trend. Though Jaipur possesses a considerable small scale industrial base, engaging a substantial workforce; the interaction with the VTIs remains limited and thus, the placement remains far below expectations. Only few course trainees were employed and rest information could not be tracked, even in case of private players (may be due to newly introduced courses and agencies). The thrust of the VTIs (perhaps based on the market conditions) is more focused on developing trained manpower for the self-employment sector. Also there has been growing demand from the industrial houses for more updated training curriculums, i.e. ready to work skilled youth with less investment in terms of time and energy for induction and grooming.

5.2.5 Industry Mapping
Jaipur district is a center for both modern and traditional industries. The main industrial products include: acetylene gas, ACSR (Aluminum Conductor Steel Reinforced) cable, atta flour, ball bearings, ceramics, pottery, cold roll strips, corrugated boxes, deoiled cakes, durries, dyeing and printing, electronic items, engraving on brass items, ferrous and non-ferrous castings, gems and jewellery, general engineering and manufacturing, household electrical appliances, HT steel strips, lamps,

132

laminated springs for railways, marble statues, marble tiles & slabs, moulded plastic components for electronics, oxygen gas, perfumes, pigments, plastic containers, P.P. multifilament yarn, PVC doors, PVC footwear, canvas shoes, Steel fabrication, brass and lacquer work, enamel work, gems and jewellery, granite tiles. Real Estate business is flourishing well from last 2–3 years. Some of the companies already present here include MICO, Coca Cola, IBM, Ericsson and NEI popularly known as NBC Bearings. India's largest integrated IT SEZ Mahindra World City is located in Jaipur. There are total 43 industrial areas in Jaipur with four district offices of Jaipur. Jaipur competes with Gurgaon, Hyderabad, Bangalore and Pune as a growing services hub. Growth of the services sector in the city can, in large measure, be attributed to the willingness of the state government to support private sector enterprises. The Resurgent Rajasthan Summit 2007 was part of the government’s initiative to re-brand Rajasthan, is an example of government initiative. During early eighties, the small scale industries got the attention and the progress was achieved at the end of eighties. Jaipur has a long history of entrepreneurship having crafts related work as well as industrial units. The most prosperous industries/ sectors in Jaipur which have the potential for foreign exchange are: Tourism: Jaipur is in the tourist map of the State as well as the country. Large numbers of national and international tourists visit Jaipur throughout the year due to its historical importance, religious importance as well as archaeological importance. The hospitality as service industry and construction thrives majorly due to the contribution of tourism to the state economy.

Table 31 Tourism Visit Chart in Jaipur, District Statistics Report, 09

Readymade Garments, Handicrafts & woolen carpets: Japan, Russia, Switzerland and some countries of Australian continent always opt more for Indian garment being the superior in quality and designs; Jaipur has become a very good manufacturing center of this products. Handicrafts have huge demand base in Jaipur including the hand knitted carpets and quilts. Gems & Jewellery : Jaipur City emerged as one of the largest exporter of cut and polished semiprecious stones like garnet, jude, topaz, turquoise, zircon and also emerald. Leather Goods: This field is also open and is having a very good export potential. Although district is not yet in position to earn more through this opportunity as there are very few manufacturers of leather exportable good, yet scope is very good. Germany, USA, Hongkong, Switzerland, Holland, Belgium, Australia etc. are the key export markets. Granite Tiles: This export thrust area is not much older. During previous year’s total export from India was four hundred crores and demand supply gap to the tune of 350 million sq. mtrs. It yet to be overcome, and the district has got very good potential for exports. As there are so many granite processing plants, necessity is to make this sector as qualitative producer so as to meet out the

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requirements. This product can be exported in the form of grave stone facades, inner walls, floorings, table tops, craft work. Central Government have also liberalized its policy for export schemes for EQU's and EPZ have been stream lined. Goods manufactured by EQU/EPZ units may be exported through an export House/Trading House/Star Trading House, and also many more facilities have been provided to EQU's/EPZ units in the New Industrial and Import Export Policy. MSME in Jaipur According to D.I.C data (March, 2012), there were around 11659 MSME units set up in the district which were registered in D.I.C. These industries have a capital investment of Rs.173455.19 lakhs providing employment to 117039 persons. There are 44 large units working in the district. As on 31stMarch, 2009 the total registered units in the district were 28373 in numbers with employment numbers of 164929 persons with investment of Rs. 157347.70 lakhs. The types of industries registered were in leather, textile, handicrafts, mineral based, agro-food based, wood based, paper based, electrical based etc. Cottage and village industries included Gem and Jewellery, Brass and Lacquer Work, Leather Tanning, Shoe Making, Dyeing and Printing, Carpentary, Black-smithy, Spinning and Weaving on Handlooms etc. Cottage and Village industries play an important role as it provides employment to the rural population.

5.2.6 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Jaipur
District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the 20 high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below. This would necessarily factor in the concentration of SSI as the major parameter (due to small number of large scale industries) and would also represent any new sector other than the listed sectors prevailing in Jaipur. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis shall be made on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment, employment and numbers.

District /Sectors Agriculture & Allied Auto & Auto Components Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Electronics & IT Hardware Food Processing Furniture & Furnshing Leather & leather goods Gems & Jewellery Retail Textile Unorganized Sector

Units 276

Employment Investment (Rs lakhs) 4491 8909.14

2156

17206

28459.89

438 2388 4375

13073 10137 13857

18573.64 2401.80 3826.45

4640 2139

25100 8782

11286.13 3312.58

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Building Construction & Real Estates Education & Skill Development Healthcare IT & ITES Media & Entertainment Tourism, Travel, Hospitality & Trade Transportation, Logistics, ware housing & packaging Paper Based Mines, Metals & Minerals Machinery, Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging
Table 32 Sector wise mapping of industries in Jaipur

131 875 5794

440 3985 42313

360.63 5953.53 52624.69

3910 15196 9283.72 Units>200, investment>1000,emp>1000 Units>100, investment>200, emp>750 Units> 10, investment> 30, emp>30 Investment & demand based sectors of districtDIC

Jaipur has a very strong industrial base and caters for number of sectors. Every sector has its share in the district economics like construction, healthcare, education and tourism have large share similar to that of manufacturing industries and metals plus minerals. Since 2003, Jaipur has witnessed tremendous investment in education and training, tourism management, infrastructure, urban commercial and residential developments, IT/ITES and real estate. The 365-acre Export Promotion Industrial Park (EPIP) set up at Sitapura (Jaipur) provides manufacturing facilities to units in key sectors. The Mahindra World City (Jaipur) Ltd. (MWCJ), a multi-product SEZ offers ready to use infrastructure. The authorities are currently planning implementation of the Metro Rail project in Jaipur in consultation with the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC). Jaipur’s proximity to the National Capital Region is one of its biggest advantages. The nearby markets of Gujarat and Delhi have been both complementing and competing forces. With the development of the surrounding region of Udaipur-Neemrana-Bhiwadi; Jaipur is poised to transform into a city-region. The completion of the Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) will further strengthen Jaipur’s development as a regional economic hub. CASE STUDY: DATA INFOSYS - TURNING ADVERSITY INTO OPPORTUNITY Family-owned businesses have been the traditional mainstay of Jaipur’s economy. Many of these home-grown businesses, including industrial, manufacturing and food and drink companies have, over the years, grown into nationwide brands. Today, some of the young second and third generation entrepreneurs coming from a similar context have capitalized on their resource-rich economic and social heritage to drive the IT revolution in Jaipur. The story of Ajay Data – the 30-something CEO of Data Infosys, Jaipur’s leading Internet and web-based services provider – typifies this trend. Data, who hails from a family that has been dealing in edible oil for over 35 years, was expected to join his family business after completing his MBA in Computer Sciences and PhD in Electronic Data Processing. Data’s small efforts to modernize operations in the family-run business were met with resistance. So much so,

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that getting an additional Internet connection installed in 1999 signaled a big victory for him! However, given the under-developed state of ICT, not just in Jaipur but across India at the time, the connection hardly ever worked properly. Not only would the slow dial-up modem take up to half an hour to connect, it would also only detect a connection late at night. This frustrated Data to a point that he decided to pursue a partnership with Satyam, just to be able to access a decent internet connection. But the Satyam deal did not work out for Data. After this setback, Data focused on leveraging family resources such as land and capital to enter IT -- a non-robust sector in Jaipur at the turn of the century. For the first two years, the ride was tough. Without a company structure in place, in a city lacking basic IT infrastructure, Data was pushed to put in up to 20-hour work days. By 2008, Data Infosys provided 250,000 Internet connections in Jaipur. According to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) the company is the 6th largest internet services provider in the country. Now, the enterprising Data has decided to explore international markets and is in the process of setting up marketing hub. Today, the potential for growth of the IT sector is now recognized and encouraged by the State Government through the provision of new IT infrastructure and the development of industrial projects and IT parks.

In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set up stratified sample of 10 industries was selected (depending on the availability of respondents’ of the employer group set up). The sample of employers consisted of senior level functionaries from 10 diverse industries located in Jaipur district of Rajasthan. These functionaries represented different levels of management as Partners, Directors, General Managers, HR Managers, etc. These industries were selected as large (4), medium (1) and small (5) covering various growth sectors of the district like food processing, Type of establishment Major Product(s) metals & minerals, logistics and Single Ownership Wooden & Packaging manufacturing. The industries sampled were performing without Private Ltd. Metals & Mineral Products (6 firms) any gap in production except the Partnership Firm Wires & Steel (2 firms) (3 firms) packaging industry which was running short of skilled manpower. Tiles & Dyes (2 firms) (2 firm) All the sampled firms had some popular worker welfare schemes Table 33 Break-up of industries in Jaipur (Sample (1study) firms) such as ESI scheme, Health scheme, PF scheme, Housing scheme and provision of food for their workers. The oldest establishment (Sri Ram Oil & Chemical.) dates back to 1984 while the youngest establishment (HPC Packing) was established in 2010. Food (2 Products firm)

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5.2.7 Workforce Demand and Supply
The major workforce participation Skills Loyalty observed in Jaipur district over a period of two decades has been a paradigm Learning & Development Aspirations-career growth shift from cultivators/ agricultural Productivity & efficiency laborers to service providers. There has 19% 19% been declining trend of workforce share in primary sector from 53.5% to 20% 22% 20% 41% from 1991-2001. Parallel to this there has been an increase of over 12% in tertiary and secondary sector workforce participation over the same Figure 64 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers period. This workforce has been (Jaipur) majorly engaged in informal or small scale industries. There is declining trend observed in the workforce engaged as agricultural laborers & cultivators (close to 12%) where as an increase of 10% in the other workers group. Engagement in secondary and tertiary sector shows an increasing trend as per the industrial growth of the district. Looking at the present resources and skill set of the workforce, tourism based industries, gems and jewelry, electrical and automobile, IT/ ITES should play a key in future. In terms of industries’ requirements and the market trends the primary survey provides the major demand in terms of expectations from the employers were aspirants with aspiring career growth (3.8 on a scale of 5). Other parameters were closely rated as shown in the figure showing the employer’s expectations.

Figure 65 Skilled workforce composition at various stages of the industries & Requirement of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers across sample industries in Jaipur

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5.2.8 Projected Workforce Demand
There has been certain increase in the number of full time workers over a period of time by close to 30%, though majority of the industries interviewed still feel the requirement of unskilled workers over the skilled workers for their full time roles. Apparently the number of semi-skilled workers category has grown over two times but the need for unskilled contract/ daily wage laborers was phenomenally very high. A clear distinction could be observed in the preference of only skilled workers for the contract and daily wage worker category as the industries felt the low cost module works better in a capital scenario and incurs less cost in on job training. The sampled industries demonstrate their intentions to expand the worker base across the skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled categories majorly in daily or contract based laborers. One could observe a similar requirement in the skilled daily wage labor requirement and unskilled contract based requirements. This clearly validates the mindset of the industry houses to engage less skilled workers. Another observation which could be made from the attrition levels of skilled workers was that being very high in case of daily wage earners and nil in case of skilled fulltime workers. Therefore, the industries engage maximum number of daily wage skilled laborers who are floating in nature and the attrition levels observed was almost 60% of the current strength. Further classifying into the staff roles of these industries, the demand for well qualified professionals could be observed for senior and middle level management. Similar responses were also found for office administration and accounting positions. In case of support staff the general yardstick followed was class 10th pass and not necessarily the skills possessed. There were marked differences in the wages of the fulltime workers and skilled fulltime workers. A significant gap is observed between the wages paid to male and female workers. More employers are willing to pay more to the semiskilled or unskilled women workforce than the males of similar category. The wages of semi-skilled or unskilled male and female workers compared to the skilled categories were suggesting the inclination to engage more semi-skilled or unskilled women workforce in the industries. Male workers stand a significant chance of increase in wages as per the above comparisons made. The difference in the wage structure varies from Rs. 120 in semi-skilled category to Rs. 180 in unskilled in comparison with the skilled male average wage. The skilled female workforce gets an amount which is lesser than the semi-skilled and unskilled workforce with a minimum margin of

400 300 200 100 0 Male Female Male Female Number in Current Strength Avg wage in Rs Skilled Semi Skilled Unskilled

Figure 66 Wages of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers (all full time) in the sample survey of Jaipur

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Rs. 50 (in case of unskilled to skilled) and maximizes the difference in case of semi-skilled to skilled by over Rs. 120. All these comparisons stand good for full time workers only. Contractual and daily wage workers’ wages do not have any significant changes though the actual wages are too low. The projected demand for the workforce shows 32% requirement in agriculture sector, 25% requirement in industrial sector and 43% requirement in services of the total workforce required by 2017. The skilled, semi-skilled requirement in the services sector would be the major thrust for the district to employ more and more skilled workforce. The workforce demand for skilled in industries would be far less than the services as service sector would demand for more number of educated and experienced people at various level to lead and supplement the skilled workforce. There would comparatively less semi-skilled people required for the services sector as majority of them who would be employed get skilled status within a period of one year or two post job experience.
Sectors
Unskilled Semi-Skilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semi-Skilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semi-Skilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semi-Skilled Skilled Total Demand

2010-11
973631 79372 5291 1058294 419008 193388 32231 644628 154524 360556 515080 1030160 1547163 633316 552603 2733082

2011-12
971345 79186 5279 1055810 446023 205857 34309 686189 165549 386281 551830 1103659 1582917 671323 591418 2845658

2012-13 2013-14 Agricultural Sector
962824 78491 5233 1046548 447690 206626 34438 688755 173043 403766 576809 1153618 1583557 688884 616479 2888921 959902 78253 5217 1043372 472167 217923 36321 726410 182041 424762 606803 1213606 1614110 720938 648340 2983388

2014-15
953842 77759 5184 1036784 480719 221870 36978 739568 187970 438598 626568 1253136 1622531 738227 668730 3029488

2015-16
948997 77364 5158 1031519 494713 228329 38055 761098 196154 457692 653845 1307691 1639864 763385 697058 3100307

2016-17
944024 76958 5131 1026113 505518 233316 38886 777720 202577 472679 675256 1350513 1652119 782954 719273 3154345

% manpower

32%

Industry Sector

25%

Services Sector

43%

All Sectors

100%

Table 34 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary, secondary and tertiary sectors -Bikaner

Basis on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the Workforce projections shall be made across different categories. The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall be used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings. The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: Sectors Automobiles & Auto Components Food processing Electronics Hardware Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled

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Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden & paper) Textile & Garments Building, Hardware & Home Furnishings Leather & Leather Goods IT or software ITES- BPO Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Gems & Jewellery Tourism, Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Organized Retail Real Estate Media, Entertainment, content creation, animation Education/ Skill Development Banking, Insurance & Finance Healthcare Machinery, Electricals & Manufacturing Mining, Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement
Table 35 Workforce across various sectors by 2017- Jaipur

5.2.9 Skill Gap Analysis
The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument; structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill requirements of the industries identified in Jaipur district on the basis of manpower absorption and production in high growth industries in the district. The analysis would factor in industry linkages with vocational training institutes, employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging.
Workforce Demand & Supply Gap Sectors Unskilled Semi-skilled Skilled 2010-11 538239 208519 271714 2011-12 573909 229356 307060 2012-13 572885 230543 327764 2013-14 599886 247232 355376 2014-15 605794 248904 372023 2015-16 621699 257521 396259 2016-17 631043 261481 414302

Table 36 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017

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The gap between the semi-skilled and skilled shall be area of focus for the district to address its skilling requirements in future. Skilled manpower gap is more than semi-skilled in this case. Inference could be drawn that the services industries requirement of skilled workforce in sectors like IT/ITES, hospitality, supply chain, retail, health and education, banking and insurance would bulge over a period of time if not properly addressed by skill development solutions. As per the in-depth interviews conducted with senior functionaries of industry associations, district officials and observations; the need and dependence for skilled manpower by the local small scale industries was not well pronounced. Some of the important findings were as follows:Industries were more concerned with the factor endowments like power and land. Water supply and labor was least on the priority as labor availability remains high and dependence on water for existing industrial base is low. The VTIs did not cater for the industry requirements and more customized practical courses were suggested by the industry group to better the condition of skilled manpower. Demand for skilled workforce would be increasing over next three to five years keeping in mind the increasing investment pattern of the state. Major employment would be perceived IT/ITES, wooden products, agri-based food processing units etc. Other emerging industries like PVC pipes, textile goods, engineering based manufacturing industries etc. look promising to enhance wage based livelihood generation. Scope of self-employment and entrepreneurship in the district remains on a high, and government programmes like Khadi Gramudyog Programme aid by providing 25% subsidy. Skilled training targeting some of the important clusters of Jaipur would be necessary like skill training on Leather industries, handicrafts and textiles etc.

5.2.10 Youth Aspirations
The study of the perceptions, aspirations, attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Jaipur district to understand what the youth think, why they think the way they do and how does society respond to their hopes, aspirations and perceptions. Interview schedules (70 youths) and FGD with youths were used to draw inferences of their thought process. The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to understand the perceptions of youth, their aspirations mapped against their attitudes to take up sustainable livelihoods work. The in-depth interactions were held with 70 respondents across the various categories of youth had given rich information and understanding on their aspirations and perceptions. The youth were covered from the categories of employed, self-employed, unemployed and trainees (as shown in the table above). 30% of the youth covered were college educated and 70% had completed/ drop out from high school education. All the respondents were covered from registered VTIs for relevance in skilling initiatives of the state government.
Youth Category Employed Self employed Unemployed Trainees Table 22: Youth Category in Jaipur-sample 12 18 20 20

Table 37 Youth Profile of sample in Jaipur

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Jaipur - Self Employed by Trade
7% 7%

Jaipur - Youth Profile by Trained Trades
11%

40% 46%

Computer work Mobile repair

Electrician Plumbing

89% Electrician Fitter

Figure 67 Profile of respondents (self-employed and trained) by trade in sample of Jaipur

Among the respondents covered under the survey the course of electrician was one of the most preferred one followed by fitter in sample of youths under training. Youths preference for selfemployed courses in similar trades of electrician, computer applications, mobile repairer, fitter and plumbing was evident but in varying proportion. These trades appear to be the most popular trades as per the perceived demand in the market. There was general consensus regarding better selfemployment opportunity in electrician and mobile repairer. There were peer learning practices observed among the trainees in order to understand additional skill apart from the one they specialize on.

5.2.11 Youth’s Perception
8.4 9 9.1 8.9

7.6

7

7.1

7.8

Assessment of overall skill level

Utility of vocational training received

Satisfaction Access to VT Capability of Availability of Satisfaction with VT Institutions VT latest with institutions in own Institution's technologies monetary in providing district faculty in and returns skills teaching equipment received skills for VT

Need for further advanced training

Figure 68 Jaipur Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group

Satisfaction with current monetary returns and availability of updated technologies for vocational training emerged as the two leading factors identified by the respondents as the key to better skilling initiatives of the district. The usefulness of the training received and its utility was least ranked as the

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youth felt that it was more the on job training and the experience from industries that has helped them. There were pronounced needs for further advanced training provided for up-skilling and basic skilling in computer applications, as there were growing perception that the ability to operate computer better would aid in better employment opportunities. The satisfaction level for the entry level jobs and the compensation received initially was high. All the respondents agreed on the use of good communicative English to be the key for

Current Monthly Income (Avg) Expected Monthly Income (Avg) 12400 8827

working across the nation, quick promotion and enhance salary slabs. Similar feedback was provided by the industry associations in terms good communication and life skills for skilled workforce.
Figure 69 Income current and expected- sample group, Jaipur

Most of the trainees responded by mentioning that government jobs would be first preference even with limited salary slab and scope. This was very similar to the opinions their parents carried. In the worst case, self-employment would be sorted for. There was a feeling among the trainees that their ability to adapt to other skill requiring jobs was quiet limited and thus would prefer for self-assured livelihoods instead through self-employment. The expectation in terms of salary was about Rs. 8,000 expecting Rs. 3,000 hike after a year of work experience. The major aspiration from the entry level job remained work satisfaction, improved lifestyle, learning while applying the skills and family security. Families on the other hand wished for government jobs which were easy works with better salaries and job security. 84% of the interviewed youths either working or self-employed were satisfied with the monthly income. There were 64% of the youths did not get any increment for past two years of work. The youths showed their willingness towards trainings because they would be enhancing their skills resulting in a better opportunity and surely will strengthen their negotiation position as far as salary and the quality of job that they can apply for. In Jaipur, most of the candidates showed their interest mainly for computer based courses, Electrical repairing, Mobile repairing and Girls mainly opted for courses like hospitality and beautician. Other trades which came into observation are repair of refrigerators and ACs, Motor winding and two wheeler repairing. Mainly candidates have high expectations for salaried jobs. The students are willing to learn, but due to lack of improper guidance, they are not able to study or lean any technical course. It was also observed while interacting with youths that both male and females were forced to change their jobs frequently due to low salary, exploitation by the employers and variation in working hours again and again. This also relates with the industrial inclination to engage more of floating semi-skilled or unskilled workforce in the district.

5.2.12 Optimization Plan
The optimization plan would be structured at three tier level of district comprising of target segment (skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled), institutions of training (VTI, ITI, ITC, Polytechnic, colleges etc.) and 143

the sector wise institutions/industries. The preliminary gap finding, projection and analysis highlights the requirement of 6.75 lakh of skilled and semi-skilled demand. Training institutions and the basic infrastructure for skilling suggests for more number of institutes (from various training capabilities) at Jaipur district level which would in turn determine the linkages with the industries and institutions from various sectors as shown in the diagram below.

Figure 70 Optimization plan- Jaipur

The key stakeholders’ contribution in enabling to achieve the target (as shown in the figure) would be as follows: a) State: The state to target the skilled and semi-skilled segment for skilled training by creating additional 200 skill development centres (VTIs) in the district level of operations by 2017. It should encourage the private training partners to participate and operate in the district due to its large base of workers involved in secondary and tertiary sectors. b) Training Partners: The sectors for engaging more skilled workforce would be in construction, textiles, leather, gems and jewellery and services in the district. Course curriculum designed to cater for the institutions based on the sectors mentioned should take a priority while designing the operational plan. Along with these, specific course curriculum designed for communicative English, life skills and basics in computer should also be the key areas of skill development. c) Industries: The primary sectors of high human resource requirement would be tourism and hospitality, IT/ITeS services, sales in the textile, insurance, education and other marketing opportunities, ancillary industries related to manufacturing, transport and logistics etc. and therefore would require increasing linkages with the related institutions for skilled workforce absorption

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NSDC would be an enabler to lead the training partners in retail, textiles and services by encouraging specifically designed proposals with increasing the linkages in industry associations and PPP models. It would also play a vital role in state capital to build capacity for the state by anchoring specific roles (through partners or associations) in the overall state skill development plan.

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5.3 District Udaipur 146 .

- - - - - - - - - 147 .

.1 Demographic Profile: Udaipur district is the 7th largest district of Rajasthan. 5. Dungarpur and Sirohi) which is hilly.3. Rajsamand. S.e. and to an extent inhabited by people of indigenous communities. It is bound in the north by Rajsamand and Pali districts. now classified as scheduled tribes (ST). One reason for the backwardness of the region is the social and geographic isolation of the ST communities here. kms i. Next. particularly in the Table 38 Udaipur District Profile. 2009) Registered MSME units Employed persons 10 Education Pre Primary & Primary Schools Upper Primary Secondary & Sr. Udaipur falls under the southern region (Bhilwara.279 sq. in the east by Bhilwara and Chiittorgarh and on the west by Pali and Sirohi districts and Sabarkantha district of Gujarat.91 49. It receives higher rainfall compared to most other regions in the state. in the south by Dungarpur and Banswara.no 1 LOCATION Latitude Longitude 2 AREA Section Unit Quantity/ Location degree min degree min square km number number Hectares Hectares 24 35’N 73 41’E .a snapshot uplands. Mumbai .791 kms.435 kms.74 75. Ahmedabad 240 kms. the terrain itself is sub‐mountain and in the absence of transport. 148 . Secondary 11 Higher Education / Others Colleges ITI Polytechnic 13419 10 2339 1388255 303486 3067549 1566781 1500768 158257 1260432 percent percent percent number number number number number number number number number 62.635 kms. It it spread on 17. Udaipur. was thickly forested in the past. Banswara. is of low intensity and low value. situated in the southern tip adjoining Gujarat and is oval in shape with a very narrow strip stretching towards the north.5. Total geographical area 3 ADMINISTRATION Tehsils Villages 4 Land Use Pattern Total Area Total cropped area 5 Population (census 2011) Total population Men Women SC (2001) ST (2001) 6 Literacy (except 0-6 age group) Total literate Men Women 8 9 Energy Electrified Villages Industries (DIC. Distance from major Cities Jaipur .10 2333 7460 66260 3275 1616 597 95 06 02 Agriculture. its markets are less developed and links to the outside world comparatively restricted. Chittorgarh. Delhi .05 per cent of the State.

Considering the density of population and the vast &Primary Rajasthan .2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization Udaipur’s status in literacy was marked below than the state average. 2009). In rural areas the participation rate is higher than the urban by close to 13% (Urban. 2008. palaces and lively workspaces and culture attract foreign and domestic visitors.10. 02 Polytechnics. 2 medical colleges. Udaipur being one of them from 2009). 2009). 09). The literacy rates of the district especially female literacy which went up by just 4% in one decade.Udaipur was ranked the 20th district in the HDI for Rajasthan.465 and was ranked at 25th in the state profile (as per 2002 figures).91 and female literacy was at 49. courses are available in the area of science. It is a famous rural tourism location. health and income index (13th. At the Intermediate college level. 95 colleges. The school infrastructure (one room school) remains on a high which enumerates the education standards of the district. as per HDI-Rajasthan. It is a favourite marriage destination. Udaipur is a popular tourist destination in India. the male literacy figure stands at 75. According to Census 2011 provisional data. 5. According to Census 2011 provisional Udaipur has a total of 5488 schools from Udaipur Rajasthan pre-primary to senior secondary levels (registered) and Education a total of 9760 schools in the district (as per DIC. It ranks as the 7th largest district of the state with 3.74 compared to 59.86%).44. Udaipur has a high percentage of ST population (47.31. 2009 149 . 06 ITIs. 1 agriculture research centre and 10 management institutes (IIM. The sex ratio is 958 which have reduced from 969 in 2001.3. business families.15%). Many celebrities.17925 in 2004-05. Source: Statistical Abstract.57% & Rural. 27th & 20th respectively) index. Rajasthan. Udaipur is also known as the city of lakes.92% of total area and 15th highest density of population in the state of 242 (Census. and politicians chose Udaipur to hold marriage ceremonies and parties.4038 to Rs.06.77 of 2001 which is lower than the state figure of 67.Provisional). arts and Figure 71 Number of institutes for higher education in Udaipur. Udaipur has witnessed high dropout rates and low conversion rates in education.81% (HDI. 2011. Rajasthan education status (Rajasthan HDI report.8% of the workforce and rest in secondary & tertiary sectors. The retention 597 19135 rate of students in schools of Udaipur is quiet low Sec/ Sr Sec Table 39 Udaipur vs. including film stars. none engineering colleges. The literacy rate of Udaipur in 2011 is 62. 2009) with primary sector engaging close to 63. Agriculture centre MANAGEMENT UNIVERSITIES COLLEGES MEDICAL POLYTECHNICS ITI 2 2 6 3 95 1 10 Education in Udaipur includes 3 universities. The worker participation rate in Udaipur is 41.2011 area. The lakes. The GDI of Udaipur was 0.The per capita income has increased substantially by over four times (Rs.19 Number of Schools. It has significantly behind in the education. the school spread is average in comparison to the Upper Primary 1616 38889 state average and across other districts. Pre Primary 3275 49546 Fig.

3. The numbers of potential employers are large and they recruit a number of employees according to their requirement. Although the companies prefer persons either having higher qualifications or are from the related educational background there is still ample scope for the youths who will be trained in this filed c) Repair and maintenance (electricians/wiring/plumbers): With the advent of new industrial areas and the expansion of the present industrial areas the scope in this trades have grown enormously over last five years. After VAT became effective in the state TALLY has become a necessity for all VAT paying shops. Apart from these. ITCs. The official requirements across block headquarters and district bodies seem to be very high. construction and building etc. b) Sales Persons: Sales and Marketing has emerged as one of the trades where the demand from industry whether it is telecom or banks or insurance firms is growing by the day. shopping malls. A detailed view of the vocational training of Udaipur could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs. scope of placement and livelihood. private institutes. As per the updated report available on RSLDC the training partners (includes NGOs. 5. growing fast in Udaipur there is a significant demand for skilled persons in Computer Based Accountancy. the district grows in related spheres of business. Private organizations and local contractors have sprung up who require skilled and trained manpower for ready deployment. 150 . Private players and NGOs have eventually come up for catering the needs for skilling youths of the district in fields as follows: a) Computer Based Accountancy: With number of shops. a number of private organizations have initiated skill training in the region.3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Udaipur district The existing scenario of VTIs in Udaipur seems inadequate keeping in mind the rate of growth happening in the region due to tourism and industries. It is also a major tourist attraction. d) Hospitality & Hotel Management: Udaipur is host to a number of events of all magnitudes. e) Desktop Publishing: The requirement of persons proficient in computers is growing. There just 07 registered vocational training partners in Udaipur district with RSLDC with 33 approved training programmes.commerce. The local newspapers are often flooded with such advertisements requiring computer professionals. preference of the youth for these trades. Also with industrialization. f) Plumbers & Gardeners: The requirement of these would increase keeping in mind the industrial growth and the rural tourism coming up in a major way for the district. RUDSETI) implementing skilling initiatives have completed 26 out of 33 approved training programmes and 7are ongoing. There is a well-developed hospitality industry which is growing further. ITIs. Hence the demand for skilled persons in hospitality industry is huge. A total of just above 840 aspirants got enrolled in 2009-10 in the registered training institutes. retail stores and medical stores TALLY to maintain their financial data.

COPA. VTI Trades Electrical Fitter Mechanical Welder Wiremen Elec & ECM COPA Cutting & Sewing Data Entry Operator Mobile Repair Diesel Mechanic Carpenter Draftmen Turner House Keeping Electrician Electronics COPA Private VTI Trades Table 40 Udaipur district’s (sample study) courses offered The total 4 (government) and 3 (private) VTIs were covered in the sample. In private VTIs the courses were fewer in number and specifically catered for placement. and cutting & sewing among females. Eight of the offered courses relate to the engineering stream of which diesel mechanic course. predominantly selfemployment based or to cater the local market needs. The average age of males was 20 years and females were 22 years substantiating the early joining of these trainings for livelihoods option was lacking keeping in mind the low literacy and high dropout rates. The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Udaipur are represented as follows: Government. Popularity and demand for the courses offered by the women’s VTI was in synchrony with the growing demand for new emerging requirements such as body care and interior designing that are of interest to women and among males it could be attributed to the construction boom. 12 10 8 6 Pvt 4 2 0 Demand from Demand from Mandated by trainees the industry the Board / University Based on available faculty strength Based on availability of facilities & equipment Other reasons Govt Figure 72Factors influencing course selection and design of VTIs (Udaipur Sample Survey) More often the courses provided were less oriented for direct placement in the market rather introduced the aspirants for selfemployment and as another home based know how for females. The clear observation made was that these government VTIs provided a wide range of courses (15 courses) with each sanctioned batch strength ranged from 15 to 100 (depending on the trades’ training offered).The courses offered by the government VTIs covered a wide range of sectors. These trades majorly catered for the needs of more unorganized sectors. Most of these courses were running below the actual capacity and oriented towards self-employment training. fitter course and house wiring course appear to be the most popular ones among males and skin care. The selection of course design and other influencing factors for 151 .

4 Placement & Absorption Trend The overall placement scenario remains more or less dominated by the factor of self-employment trend. and space for conducting the training. Interestingly the VTI functionaries claim that the courses on offer in these government VTIs are more demand driven as per the aspirations of the youths but also mark the mandated curriculum of the funding partner or universities. i. but have arrangements for commuting for the aspirants both in private and government VTIs. the placement remains far below expectations. fitter. Almost all of them did not have hostel facilities for trainees. 152 . However. The 40 VTIs have had success in placement in 30 fields like electrician. Also there Figure 73 Major trades offering placement in VTIs (Udaipur has been growing demand from the Sample Survey) industrial houses for more updated training curriculums.skilled workers (trainees/newly recruits from VTIs). ready to work skilled youth with on job training experience. 5.6 conditions) is more focused on developing trained manpower for the 0 Electrical Fitter Electronic Wiremen Diesel Mechanic self-employment sector or less % Placed by Trade importance has been given towards placement of the trainees. The industry’s role in demanding courses favorable for its optimization was observed to be high but the scope of participation or involvement of contemporary industries was limited to the campus placement in these VTIs only. demand in the industries and on the mandate of funding agencies or apex organizations. As per the association.2 (perhaps based on the market 20 10 17.finalization of courses by the VTI functionaries were more or less determined by the availability of facilities and equipment. engaging a substantial workforce. but there seems quite a shortage of skilled workers. in large industries. for small and medium industries the requirement of skilled workers is somewhat less and could well be managed by semi. All the VTIs claimed to have updated technologies. hospitality and tourism would call for the most skilled workforce for the district along with trades of marble (stone) and handicrafts (backward-forward linkages). As per the industry association Udaipur Chambers of Commerce and Industries. the requirement was high. electricity and water supply. the interaction with the VTIs remains limited and thus. handicrafts have far less engaged with skilled 50 workforce and majorly depend on the semi-skilled or household workers. wiremen 44 and mechanic.e. Though Udaipur possesses a considerable service base. The thrust of the VTIs 39 20 29. No evidence of any kind of market research or study based course requirements were made across all the government VTIs. equipped labs. The sectors like marble trades.3.

Polypropyle ne Multifilament Yarn. Plastic. IMFL. Cotton Yarn.V.5. Solvent Extracted Oil & Refining. Wooden Toys. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis shall be made on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment. Moulded Articles. steatite. phosphorite. Nilacin USP. This would necessarily factor in the concentration of SSI as the major parameter (due to small number of large scale industries) and would also represent any new sector other than the listed sectors prevailing in Udaipur. Solvent Extracted Raw Oil.P. Udaipur is fairly rich in mineral wealth. Most of them are located in various industrial area of Udaipur district. ochre etc. LLDP Garbage. Cotton Sewing Thread. The main existing industries registered were in Alum. LDPE Tubing in roll from and HDPE Plastic Moulded Household articles. employment and numbers.3. Orange Phosphorous Compounds.5 Industry Mapping At present there are eight industrial areas in Udaipur district. Electrical items. Moulded Plaster Articles. Refined Oil. Silver. Phosphoric Acid. Computer Floppy Diskettes. Crippled Polypropylene Texturising. Synthetic Blended Yarn.000 people. Zinc Unwrought. Portland Cement. Drugs. Jacket for Floppies. U. Synthetic Yarn. Nicotinic Acid BP. There are 35 large scale industrial units and 7460 MSME units in the district employing more than 66. Zinc Ingots. Single Super Phosphate. Polished Granite Slabs. P. Agglomerated Marble Slabs & tiles. Automotive Butyl Tubes and flaps. zinc and lead concentrates. Marble Polished.Blended. Sector wise mapping of industries in across Udaipur District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the 20 high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below. Industries established in Udaipur district are exporting wide range of products like Woolastonite. District /Sectors Agriculture & Allied Auto & Auto Components Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Electronics & IT Hardware Food Processing (beverages & tobacco) Furniture & Furnshing Leather & leather goods Gems & Jewellery Retail Textile & Handloom Unorganized Sector Building Construction & Real Estates Education & Skill Development Healthcare Units 69 125 Investment (Rs lakhs) 1819 11600 Employment 516 2430 1 199 75 27 2996 328 8 857 256 217 443 1003 2825 539 1791 153 . Pesticides Formulation. It produces lime stone. HDPE /PP Woven Fabric & Socks. wallastonite. Marble Slabs & tiles.Twister. Edible Oil. Sulphuric Acid. Polyester Texturised Yarn.

A total of 10 industries were sampled for the survey to represent 4 major sectors that are prominent in the district.emp>500 –max applicable Units>50. One of the chemical industries interviewed was running below capacity in terms of production and attributed it to the shortage of power supply. PF (5 firms) (1 firm) scheme (6 firms).IT & ITES Media & Entertainment Tourism. 154 . investment>200. Udaipur. The sample of employers consisted of senior level functionaries from 10 diverse industries located in Udaipur district of Rajasthan. marble and related industries.) dates back to 1980 while the youngest Table 42 Break up of industries in Udaipur (Sample study) establishment (National Plastic) was established in 2011. cement and construction based industries were in categorized under the demand based industries by the DIC. Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging 31 392 265 1922 14261 459 322 3591 2045 Units>100. medium (5) and small (2) covering establishment various growth sectors of the district like metals Single Ownership Chemical & Pharmaceuticals (3 firms) (5 firm) & minerals products and manufacturing. (2 firms) (3 firms) All the sampled firms had some popular worker Partnership Engineering & Manufacturing welfare schemes such as ESI scheme (8 firms). These functionaries represented different levels of management as director. Tourism is a major contributor for the district economy and services form a major thrust in the unorganized sector. managing director and managers. These industries were selected as Type of Major Product(s) large (3). investment> 30. Building & Construction (1 firms) The oldest establishment (Khicha Phoschem Ltd. In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set up stratified sample of 10 industries was selected (depending on the availability of respondents’ of the employer group set up). manufacturing. Apart. Metal & Mineral Products and pharmaceuticals. investment>400.max applicable Units> 10. ware housing & packaging Paper Based Mines. Travel. Metals & Minerals Machinery. emp>250. and Housing scheme (8 firms). Major employers were the chemical. Hospitality & Trade Transportation. there are certain emerging trends of retail. textile. handicrafts. services and other household based livelihood activities. building and construction. Logistics. chemical Private Ltd. emp>10 – all applicable Investment & demand based sectors of district-DIC Table 41 Sector wise mapping of industries in Udaipur Udaipur has a very strong base for minerals. mineral and machinery based industries though a sizeable population of the workforce was also found to be engaged in handlooms. handicrafts and unorganized sectors.

and the change in secondary and tertiary sector is close to 10%.3. In terms of industries’ requirements and the market trends from the primary survey the major demand in terms of expectations from the employers were very high on productivity and efficiency parameter (on a scale of 5).5 1 Aspirations-career growth 0. The engagement in services and manufacturing sectors has observed a rise due to the industrialization and retail sector 4 Skills 3.5 0 Chemicals and pharmaceuticals Engineering & Manufacturing Metals & Minerals Building hardware and home furnishings Productivity & efficiency Figure 74 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Sample Udaipur) penetrating into the towns of Udaipur and increasing rural tourism.5 3 Loyalty 2.5 2 Learning & Development 1.6 Workforce Demand and Supply The major workforce participation observed in Udaipur district over a period of two decades has been a predominantly influenced by cultivators/ agricultural laborers and majorly engage in primary sector in rural areas.5. There has been declining trend of workforce share in primary sector from 73% to 63. A clear cut requirement of skilled and trained resources was observed across all the sectors though the current trend in the industries engaging skilled workforce was too low and largely depended on the semi-skilled workers and unskilled contractual laborers.8% from 1991-2001. 155 . The workforce has been majorly engaged in informal or small scale industries either in registered industries or in the household livelihoods activities.

The need for unskilled contract/ daily wage laborers was also phenomenally very high and the attrition rate was even manageable as per the industries’ feedback. A clear distinction could be observed in the preference of semi-skilled and unskilled workers for the full time category as the industries felt the low cost module works better in a capital scenario and incurs less cost in on job training.7 Projected Workforce Demand There has been very low increase in the number of full time workers over a period of time whereas the semi-skilled workers present and required strength combined shows an increase of 69% in the sampled industry. This rationale seems more on the basis of highly skilled workers rather than skilled workers.3. Also they referred that employees with on job training and rising within the set up would be preferred in long runs. Though majority of the industries interviewed still feel the requirement of unskilled workers over the skilled workers for their full time roles. The sampled industries demonstrate their intentions to expand the worker base across the skilled. One could observe a similar requirement in the semi-skilled requirement and unskilled full time based requirements. Apparently the number of semi-skilled workers category has grown even after high attrition rate. The sample industries relate skilled laborers with expertise of over substantial period with high qualification. 156 .Figure 75 Workforce composition across industries at various stages & the Present status of skilled workforce and attrition across workers (Sample Udaipur) 5. semi-skilled and unskilled categories majorly in unskilled full time workers. This clearly validates the mindset of the industry houses to engage less skilled workers.

In case of support staff the general yardstick followed was class 10th pass and not necessarily the skills possessed.) structure. Contractual and daily wage workers’ wages do not have any significant changes though the actual wages are too low. A significant gap is observed between the average wages paid to male and female workers (3. There is not much difference in the wages of semi-skilled and unskilled female workers (just Rs.8).Further classifying into the staff roles of these industries. 230 in unskilled in comparison Male Female Male Female with the male average wage No. Similar responses were also found for office administration and accounting positions. All these comparisons stand good for full time workers only in the sampled industries. 300 The difference in the wage structure varies from Rs. Semi-Skilled 250 200 150 100 50 0 Skilled Sectors Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled semiskilled Skilled Total demand 2010-11 808128 65880 4392 878400 98510 45466 7578 151553 36860 86006 122866 245732 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Agricultural Sector 809628 757178 746311 66002 4400 880030 102136 47140 7857 157132 38698 90295 128993 257986 2014-15 763799 62266 4151 830216 103554 47794 7966 159313 41678 97249 138927 277853 2015-16 732577 59721 3981 796279 103922 47964 7994 159880 42757 99766 142523 285047 2016-17 719428 58649 3910 781987 104583 48269 8045 160898 43604 101742 145346 290691 % of workforce requirem ents 61726 60841 4115 4056 823020 811208 Industry Sector 99449 102275 45899 47204 7650 7867 152998 157346 Services Sector 39475 40700 92109 94967 131585 135667 263169 271333 63% 13% 24% All Sectors 157 . Wage Paid (Rs. the demand for well qualified professionals could be observed for senior and middle level management. The skilled female workforce gets an amount Figure 76 Wages of skilled. 180 Unskilled in semi-skilled category to Rs. semi-skilled and unskilled male workers 400 compared to the part time 350 category workers. There were marked differences in the wages of the skilled workers and semi-skilled workers. semi-skilled and unskilled workers (all full time) in the which is far below the desired sample survey of Udaipur rates and at least three times lesser than the male counterparts. of Workers Avg.5 times) under the semi-skilled and unskilled categories. More employers are willing to increase the wages of full time skilled.

Electricals & Manufacturing Mining. structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill requirements of the industries identified in Udaipur district on the basis of manpower absorption and 158 .Udaipur Semi-Skilled Unskilled 5. animation Education/ Skill Development Banking. Hardware & Home Furnishings Leather & Leather Goods IT or software ITES.3. Entertainment. Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Organized Retail Real Estate Media. secondary and tertiary sectors Udaipur 909031 207309 151043 126738 3 879256 207451 154499 867615 208660 157300 123357 6 Basis on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the Workforce projections shall be made across different categories.Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled 943498 197352 134836 950461 203437 141250 896102 199735 143350 889286 203011 147590 Total Demand 1275686 1295148 1239187 1239887 1241206 100% Table 43 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary. Insurance & Finance Healthcare Machinery. Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement Table 44 Workforce across various sectors by 2017.8 Skill Gap Analysis The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument. The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall be used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings. The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: Sectors Skilled Automobiles & Auto Components Food processing Electronics Hardware Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden & paper) Textile & Garments Building. content creation.BPO Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Gems & Jewellery Tourism.

aspirations.skilled workers and to make them skilled and fit for industries. Some of the important findings were as follows:Industries were more concerned with the factor endowment of power. A more targeted approach with training curriculum more suitable as per the needs of the industry would be the need of the hour. 159 .3. attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Udaipur district to understand what the youth think. IT & ITES. district officials and observations. The lack of skills is clearly visible among these youths and if the proper vocational trainings will be imparted. Water supply. The requirements and problems of employers of each trade are different. Skilled workforce engagement in large scale industries and service sectors would determine the scale of VTI operations The VTIs did not cater for the industry requirements and more customized practical courses were suggested by the industry group to better the condition of skilled manpower Skilled training targeting some of the important sectors of Udaipur would be marble craft. land. The requirement of trained employee is huge and there is hardly any such training institute that is providing trained manpower. handicrafts. The analysis would factor in industry linkages with vocational training institutes. 5. Interview schedules (70 youths) and FGD with youths were used to draw inferences of their thought process. but not the skilled ones to be readily engaged in industries.skilled workers were available. aspirations and perceptions. investment and labour was least on the priority Shortage of skilled manpower was observed though less pronounced by the industries. why they think the way they do and how does society respond to their hopes. Many semi. retail and sales (basically catering the services and unorganized sectors). tourism including hospitality business.9 Youth Aspirations The study of the perceptions.production in high growth industries in the district. There was no provision for the training of semi. Emerging sectors are gems and jewellery. these youths can be easily converted into good human resource for the demanding markets. the need and dependence for skilled manpower by the local medium industries was not well pronounced. Workforce Demand & Supply Gap Sectors Unskilled Semi-skilled Skilled 2010-11 330331 266463 90657 2011-12 337244 284896 95176 2012-13 281873 311980 94896 2013-14 272899 330646 96816 2014-15 291116 348649 98225 2015-16 260473 372127 99446 2016-17 247064 393208 99969 Table 45 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 As per the in-depth interviews conducted with senior functionaries of industry associations. The majority of population is either working as casual labour or is surviving on marginal farming and sitting idle for a large part of the year. employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging.

The youth were covered from the categories of employed.Youth Category Employed High school College 04 22 23 21 Self employed Unemployed Trainees Figure 77 Youth Education Profile of sample in Udaipur Table 46Youth Category in Udaipur-sample The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to understand the perceptions of youth. unemployed and trainees (as shown in the table above) with an average age group of 25 years. it is found that the youths are engaged in the following activities mainly: Agricultural labour work Auto mechanic repair Masonry work Hotel Management Automobile driving Electrician Repair of Refrigerators and AC Diesel Engine Mechanics Few youths were found self-employed in the trades like vendors. All the respondents were covered from registered VTIs for relevance in skilling initiatives of the state government. their aspirations mapped against their attitudes to take up sustainable livelihoods work. Only 10% of the youth covered were college educated and 90% had completed/ drop out from high school education. self-employed. The youth are willing to learn. home appliances repair. they are not able to study or lean any technical course. The in-depth interactions were held with 70 respondents across the various categories of youth had given rich information and understanding on their aspirations and perceptions. As with other areas studied the youth in Udaipur were also interested in training which would prepare them for a salaried job. cycle repair shops. Reasons for discontinuity in work was more related to the exploitation and difficult work hours 160 . During the time of study. but due to lack of improper guidance.

1 7. and trained) by trade in sample of Udaipur Fig 29: 78 Profile of respondents (trainees) by trade inunemployed sample Among the respondents covered under the survey. 5.4 6. Youth’s preferences for the choice of trades selected for self-employment were in distributed in number of trades. There was general consensus regarding better selfemployment opportunity in electrician and fitter.7 7.3 8.4 6.3.10 Youth’s Perception 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Assessment of overall skill level Utility of Satisfaction with Access to VT Capability of VT Availability of Satisfaction with Need for further vocational VT institutions in Institutions in Institution's latest monetary advanced training received providing skills own district faculty in technologies returns received training teaching skills and equipment for VT 8. The trades of computer and electrician also showcased the maximum number of unemployed youth (30% and 35% respectively) with alternative choices like fitter & welder.7 Figure 79 Udaipur Youth’s perception. need and aspirations –Sample Group 161 .7 7. There were peer learning practices observed among the trainees in order to understand additional skill apart from the one they specialize on and support systems developed to engage in sustainable livelihoods among trainees.1 7.Trainees 9% 19% 29% 43% Self Employed 5% 25% 20% 10% 10% Computer Ladies Tailor 10% Electrician Fitter Mobile Repair 20% Unemployed 10% 30% 25% 35% Computer repair Fitter Electrician Ladies tailor Machine Repair Electrical Wiring Computer Fitter Electrician Fitter & Welder Figure Profile of respondents (self-employed. the course of computer and electrician were the most preferred ones in sample of youths under training.

The training partners could look for designing business models on the lines of training youths on tourism.Udaipur The district would require to train close to 2 lakh youths to meet the demand of close to 5 lakh skilled and semi-skilled workforces. handicrafts & textiles.11 Optimization Plan Figure 80 Optimization plan. sustainable tribal skill development plans would be required to upscale the handloom and handicrafts base on new marketing and development strategies. Along with this the share of services would only grow with retail and other financial.Rs. 5. mining etc. engineering based multiskilled technicians for ancillary industries in metal. Keeping in mind the very demographic condition of Udaipur and its predominance of ST population (47.86%). leather and engineering based. 3000. The perception that the first year shall also be hands on experience for the true understanding of the sector and so the initial starting salaries of Rs. There seems to be no increment received or perceived by the youths for the work carried out/ to be a carried out. communicative English and basic computers.Satisfaction with current monetary returns after training emerged as the major overwhelming factor among the respondents. 3500 was acceptable. specific up-skilling in enterprise building and market linkages. educational and health sectors emerging slowly. The industries would require majority of workforce in the sectors like construction. 162 .4 on a scale of 10) as majority of the youth realized the utility of these courses imparted to be more just need to know basis and in depth understanding would only be possible on job.3. Incidentally satisfaction with training institutions was rated the lowest (rated 6. construction (for unskilled workforce).

4 District Jodhpur 163 .5.

- - - - - - - - - 164 .

Some of the area of Great Indian Desert THAR also comes with in the district.791 in 2004-05. The worker participation rate in Jodhpur is 38. fourth largest district of Rajasthan state is centrally situated in Western region of the State.a snapshot times (Rs. This district is situated at the height between 250300 meters above sea level. The per capita income has increased substantially by over five Table 47 Jodhpur District Profile. 09). Jodhpur is bound by Nagaur in East.68% of total area of arid zone of the state. The district stretches between 2600’ and 27037’ at north Latitude and between 72 55’ and 73 52’ at East Longitude.4. S.4% in one ITI number Polytechnic number decade.46 52. 2011. as per HDI-Rajasthan.1 Demographic Profile: Jodhpur. The length of the district from North to South and from East to West is 197 km. This district comes under arid zone of the Rajasthan state. Jaisalmer in west.5.27 (HDI.85 lacs as per 2011 provisional census.09 compared to 66. In rural areas the participation rate is higher than the urban by close to 12%.06.Provisional). 2009) with primary sector engaging close to 59.57 1058 1763 20583 2737 2654 873 32 07 02 Jodhpur was ranked the 9th district in Pre Primary & Primary Schools number the HDI for Rajasthan.67 of 2001 which is improving and is just higher than the state figure of 67. It has population of 36. respectively.28’N 73. The literacy rate of Jodhpur in 2011 is 67. 165 . having geographical area of 22850 km2. Bikaner in North and Barmer as well as Pali in the South. provisional) Total population Men Women SC (2001) ST (2001) 6 Literacy (except 0-6 age group) Total literate Men Women 7 8 Energy Electrified Villages Industries (DIC.16. It has Secondary & Sr. Secondary number significant increase in the literacy rates 10 Higher Education / Others of the district especially female literacy Colleges number which went up by 15.09 80. It ranks as the 4th largest district of the state with density of population being 161 (29th) with second highest population of the state (Census. Rajasthan. 2009 and 13th in Upper Primary number the GDI rankings of the state.02’E 22850 07 1869 2256405 131752 3685681 1924326 1761355 1761355 456363 79540 Total geographical area ADMINISTRATION Tehsil Villages 4 Land Use Pattern Total Area Total Irrigated area 5 Population (census 2011.no 1 LOCATION Latitude Longitude 2 3 AREA Section Unit Quantity/ Location degree min degree min Sq km number number Hectares Hectares 26. 2009) Registered MSME units Employed persons 9 Education percent percent percent number number number 67. It covers 6.30% of the workforce and rest in secondary & tertiary sectors. & 208 km.

19 Number of Schools.According to Census 2011 provisional data. Rajasthan education status 19th in the education index of the state. The retention Sec/ Sr Sec 873 rate of students in schools of Jodhpur is quiet low and it ranks Table 48 Jodhpur vs. the male literacy figure stands at 80. area. As per the Figure 81 Number of institutes for higher education in Jodhpur updated report available on Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 09 partners (includes NGOs. (Rajasthan HDI report. Source: Statistical Abstract. Considering the density of population and the vast Education Jodhpur Rajasthan Fig.2011 2737 49546 average in comparison to the state Pre Primary &Primary average and across other districts 2654 but that does not reflect on the Upper Primary current literacy rate. A detailed view of the vocational training of Jodhpur could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs. a number of private organizations have initiated skill training in the region. preference of the youth for these trades. 166 . scope of placement and livelihood. Apart from these. 2009) 38889 19135 Education in Jodhpur has received due attention and has resulted in the overall numbers of following education institutes of the district:6722 schools are available in the 25 district and 32 colleges offering 20 intermediate college level courses 15 in the area of science. According to Census 2011 provisional Jodhpur has a total of 6772 schools from pre-primary to senior secondary levels (includes aided schools). ITCs. arts and 10 commerce.46 and female literacy was at 52.4. 5. ITIs. A total of just above 2000 aspirants got enrolled in 2009-10 in the registered training institutes. There are total of just 5 13 registered vocational training 0 institutes in Jodhpur district.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization Jodhpur’s status in literacy was marked just higher than the state average. private institutes) implementing skilling initiatives with 34 approved programs (22 out of which are completed and 12 are ongoing). shown considerable improvement than the figures of 2001 census.57. the school spread is above Rajasthan .

Sales Persons: Sales and Marketing has emerged as one of the trades where the demand from industry whether it is telecom or banks or insurance firms is growing by the day.3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Jodhpur district The existing scenario of VTIs in Jodhpur seems inadequate keeping in mind the rate of industrial growth happening in the region due to NCR factors and nearness to the capital of the state.5. 2. Also with industrialization. predominantly selfemployment based or to cater the local market needs. the district grows in related spheres of business. 3. retail stores and medical stores TALLY to maintain their financial data. In private VTIs the courses were fewer in number and specifically catered for placement. Private organizations and local contractors have sprung up who require skilled and trained manpower for ready deployment.4. shopping malls. The clear Makeup Artist COPA Welder observation made was that these VTIs provided a wide range of Ladies Tailor IT & ESM DLT trades (06 courses) with each Computer Tally sanctioned batch strength Accounting Electrician Fitter ranging between 20 to 100. After VAT became effective in the state TALLY has become a necessity for all VAT paying shops. The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Jodhpur are represented as follows: The total 5 (private) VTIs were covered in the sample. Private players have eventually emerged for catering the needs for skilling youths of the district in fields as follows: 1. Although the companies prefer persons either having higher qualifications or are from the related educational background there is still ample scope for the youths who will be trained in this filed Repair and maintenance (electricians/wiring/plumbers): With the advent of new industrial areas and the expansion of the present industrial areas the scope in this trades have grown enormously over last five years. Computer Based Accountancy: With number of shops. Popularity and demand for the courses offered by the women’s VTI was in synchrony with the growing demand for new VTI Trades 167 . electrician course and house wiring course appear to be the most popular ones. construction and building etc. Most of these courses were oriented House Wiring Diesel mechanic Welder towards self-employment training and dropout rate was low and Receptionist RAC most of the offered courses relate Table 49 Jodhpur district’s (sample study) courses offered to the engineering stream of which diesel mechanic course. The courses offered by the government VTIs covered a wide range of sectors. growing fast in Jodhpur there is a significant demand for skilled persons in Computer Based Accountancy.

168 . The average age of males was 23 years and females were 20 years substantiating the early joining of these trainings for livelihoods option was quiet late. electricity and water supply. The selection of trainees industry Board / faculty of facilities course design and other University strength & equipment influencing factors for finalization of courses by the VTI functionaries were more or less determined by the availability of facilities and equipment. welderCOPA Receptionist fitter. demand in the industries and not on the mandate of funding agencies or apex organizations. equipped labs.emerging sectors such as body care and tailoring that are of interest to women. IT & ESM Lab technician. More often the courses provided were less oriented for direct placement in the market rather introduced the aspirants for self-employment and as 8 7 6 another home based know 5 4 how for females. receptionist were more or 0 20 40 60 80 100 less oriented towards selfFigure 83 Major trades offering placement in VTIs (Jodhpur Sample Survey) employment. but have arrangements for commuting for the aspirants both in private and government VTIs. house wiring. All the VTIs claimed to have updated technologies. Figure 82Factors influencing course selection and design of VTIs (Sample Survey) 5. RAC The placement was above Diesel mechanic Electrician 80% for trades like COPA.4. The Computer Tally Accounting Ladies Tailor courses like makeup artist. These 3 2 No trades did cater for 1 0 unorganized sectors and Yes Demand Demand Mandated Based on Based on Other from from the by the available availability reasons services. and space for conducting the training.4 Placement & Absorption Trend The overall placement scenario was more encouraging though the trend of self-employment could also be seen. Almost all of them did not have hostel facilities for trainees. Jodhpur possesses limited industrial base and Fitter largely engaged in DLT Welder handicrafts and services. and electrician and House Wiring data entry operator.. Makeup Artist ladies tailor.

66 207.f.07 40. Delhi.30 5651.03. It is well connected with Ahmedabad. 63046. Jodhpur with a total fixed investment of Rs. This would necessarily factor in the concentration of SSI as the major parameter (due to small number of large scale industries) and would also represent any new sector other than the listed sectors prevailing in Jodhpur. Limestone.e. Handicraft. Kankar. District is mainly rich in non-metallic minerals like Sandstone. Jasper.5. Plastics. There are 21 Industrial Areas at different places which have been developed and managed by RIICO. Guar Gum.03 467. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis shall be made on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment.66 772 371 169 . A sizeable number of engineering industries have been set up in the district. District /Sectors Agriculture & Allied Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Electronics & IT Hardware Food Processing (beverages & tobacco) Furniture & Furnishings Leather & leather goods Handicrafts Retail Textile & Handloom Unorganized Sector Building Construction & Real Estates Education & Skill Development Units 188 8 Investment (Rs lakhs) 6586.08 106 3854 347 141 60 345. 5. Dolomite. Textiles. The total number of plots available in those Industrial areas is 4782 out of which 4352 have been allotted till 31-03-2009.S.00 Employment 1753 96 13 322 97 256. Electrical. Rhyolite. Industrial Gases. Utensils etc. Murram. employment and numbers. Bombay and other important towns of Rajasthan. Chemicals. Derivatives of Gaur Gum.4. . Granite & Clay. Stone processing. 1-10-2006) in the district and 21263 units registered with District industries center. industrial growth is noticeable in the district. Electronics.5 Industry Mapping On account of its location and availability of better in-fractural facilities. Brick earth. It is centrally located and is one of the important cities of the state. There are other industrial units engaged in manufacture of Cement. As on 31. Mineral based. Bajri and other minor minerals. S. In Jodhpur there are five main industrial clusters namely Textile.6 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Jodhpur District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the 20 high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below.2009 there are 15 units in the district have large scale unit status after MSMED act 2006 (w. Lucknow. Stainless Steel patta-patti / Utensils. Minerals have been playing an important role in development of Jodhpur district for last many decades.4.619 Lacs and providing employment to 94261 persons as small or cottage industries. There are 100 rolling mills engaged in processing of stainless steel Sheets/Patta.

metal utensils. investment>500. Other items manufactured include textiles. handloom and agrobased industries.7 Workforce Demand and Supply The major workforce participation observed in Jodhpur district over a period of two decades has been a predominantly influenced by cultivators/ agricultural laborers. emp>250 Units> 10.58 22573.4.emp>500 Units>50. cutlery. directly or indirectly employing as many as 200. Metals & Minerals Machinery. emp>30 Investment & demand based sectors of district-DIC The Handicrafts industry has in recent years eclipsed all other industries in the city. ink and sporting goods.Healthcare IT & ITES Tourism. General Managers. Travel. Housing scheme and provision of food for their workers. new 170 . Hospitality & Trade Transportation. In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set up stratified sample of 10 industries was selected (depending on the availability of respondents’ of the employer group set up). There has been declining trend of workforce share in primary sector from 63% to 59% from 1991-2001. investment> 30. Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging Table 50 Sector wise mapping of industries in Jodhpur 33 17 158 721 554. investment>200. bicycles. ware housing & packaging Paper Based Mines. etc. Parallel to this there has been an increase of over 4% in tertiary and secondary sector workforce participation over the same period. Directors. Logistics. Table 51 Breakup of industries in Jodhpur (Sample study) 5. (4 firms) Partnership (1 firms) Handloom & Handicrafts Agro-based Engineering & Manufacturing Chemicals and pharmaceuticals Minerals & Metals These industries were selected as large (3). After handicrafts. tourism is the second largest industry of Jodhpur. PF scheme.75 420 130 2054 10439 Units>150.000 people. Type of Major Product(s) establishment Single Ownership Private Ltd. The engagement in services and manufacturing sectors has observed a sharp rise due to the tourism. These functionaries represented different levels of management as Partners. The sample of employers consisted of senior level functionaries from 10 diverse industries located in Jodhpur district of Rajasthan.53 176. medium (3) and small (4) covering various growth sectors of the district like metals & minerals products and manufacturing. HR Managers.27 3842. A flourishing cottage industry exists for the manufacture of such items as glass bangles. carpets and marble products. Health scheme. All the sampled firms had some popular worker welfare schemes such as ESI scheme. the furniture export segment is a $200 million industry. By some estimates.

metal based industries should play a key in future. Figure 84 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Jodhpur) 5. plans. manufacturing & Productivity & efficiency engineering based industries. Looking at the present resources Learning & Development Aspirations-career growth and skill set of the workforce. A clear cut demarcation was difficult but overall requirement of skilled and trained resources was observed.4. 171 . Also they referred that employees with on job training and rising within the set up would be preferred in long runs.8 Projected Workforce Demand There has been certain marginal increase in the number of full time workers over a period of time but currently is running with less skilled workers. 21% In terms of industries’ requirements and the market trends from the primary survey the major demand in terms of expectations from the employers were very high on all the rated parameters (on a scale of 5). of Industries Sampled Total Skilled Workers after high attrition rate. Though 262 300 majority of the industries 250 200 interviewed still feel the 91 150 6543 requirement of semi-skilled 100 4 0 1 0 15 3 0 25 1 0 10 7 1 3 7 3 50 workers over the skilled 0 workers for their full time roles. Engagement in secondary and tertiary sector shows an increasing trend as per the industrial growth of Skills Loyalty the district. electrical and electronics. Apparently the number of semi-skilled workers category has grown even No. thus providing abundant employment opportunities. residential towns and other logistics.industrialization policies. This workforce has been majorly engaged in informal or small scale industries. A Total Semi-skilled Workers Total Unskilled Workers clear distinction could be Figure 85 Present status of workforce composition across industries (Sample Jodhpur) observed in the preference of semi-skilled and unskilled workers for the full time category as the industries felt the low cost module works better in a capital scenario and incurs less cost in on job training. The handicraft cluster shall play a 20% 20% vital role in revamping the entire market scenario if rightly tapped in terms of exports and 18% 21% internal business.

This clearly validates the mindset of the industry houses to engage less skilled workers. Similar responses were also found for office administration and accounting positions. the demand for well qualified professionals could be observed for senior and middle level management. Figure 86 Requirement of skilled. semi-skilled and unskilled workers across sample industries in Jodhpur Sectors Unskilled Semi-skilled Skilled Total demand 2010-11 824299 67198 4480 895978 2011-12 891345 72664 4844 968853 2012-13 2013-14 Agricultural Sector 940282 971203 2014-15 1012614 2015-16 1060672 2016-17 1095250 % of manpower 76653 79174 82550 86468 89287 5110 5278 5503 5765 5952 1022045 1055655 1100667 1152904 1190489 63% Industry Sector Unskilled 153715 163532 164611 173826 176887 182271 186424 Semiskilled 70945 75476 75974 80227 81640 84125 86042 Skilled 11824 12579 12662 13371 13607 14021 14340 Total demand 236484 251587 253247 267424 272133 280417 286806 15% Services Sector Unskilled 49074 52124 54259 56740 58417 60695 62499 Semiskilled 114505 121623 126605 132394 136306 141621 145830 Skilled 163579 173747 180864 189134 194723 202316 208328 Total demand 327158 347493 361729 378268 389445 404631 416657 22% All Sectors Unskilled 1027088 1107001 1159152 1201769 1247917 1303638 1344172 Semiskilled 252649 269763 279233 291795 300496 312214 321158 Skilled 179883 191170 198637 207784 213833 222101 228621 Total Demand 1459620 1567934 1637021 1701348 1762246 1837953 1893951 100% Table 52 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary. One could observe a similar requirement in the semiskilled requirement and unskilled full time based requirements. In case of support staff the general yardstick followed was class 10th pass and not necessarily the skills possessed.The sampled industries demonstrate their intentions to expand the worker base across semi-skilled and unskilled categories majorly in unskilled full time workers. The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall be used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings. The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: 172 . Further classifying into the staff roles of these industries. secondary and tertiary sectors Jodhpur Basis on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the Workforce projections shall be made across different categories.

BPO Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Gems & Jewellery Tourism. 173 .4. Insurance & Finance Healthcare Machinery. Entertainment. Electricals & Manufacturing Mining. Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Organized Retail Real Estate Media. employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging. Hardware & Home Furnishings Leather & Leather Goods IT or software ITES. The analysis would factor in industry linkages with vocational training institutes. Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement Table 53 Workforce across various sectors by 2017.Jodhpur Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled 5. animation Education/ Skill Development Banking.9 Skill Gap Analysis The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument.Sectors Automobiles & Auto Components Food processing Electronics Hardware Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden & paper) Textile & Garments Building. structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill requirements of the industries identified in Jodhpur district on the basis of manpower absorption and production in high growth industries in the district. content creation.

availability of suitable land is a major problem.consuming projects. availability of need based skilled workers is required in the district. But the major problem is the availability of skilled manpower to run the industries. home furnishing. but so far no efforts have been made to meet this demand. The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to understand the perceptions of youth. and preference is expressed for less water. their aspirations mapped against their attitudes to take up sustainable livelihoods work. ready. Some of the important findings were as follows:The situation in Jodhpur is not conducive enough to support industrial growth. and carpenters are very few and not sufficient to meet the industry demands. neither the government VTIs.Workforce Demand & Supply Gap Sectors Unskilled Semi-skilled 25879 Skilled Table 54 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 2010-11 364519 67101 2011-12 444377 77840 36292 2012-13 495435 84618 39371 2013-14 535721 93093 45936 2014-15 580218 98551 48541 2015-16 635000 106172 53803 2016-17 673624 112033 56656 As per the in-depth interviews conducted with senior functionaries of industry associations. The in-depth interactions were held with 52 respondents 174 . Given the present scenario. Though investments are not a problem. Water resources are also not sufficient to support industrial growth. the need and dependence for skilled manpower by the local small scale industries was not well pronounced. aspirations and perceptions. Skilled training targeting some of the important clusters of Jodhpur would be necessary like skill training to train the support staff for the 22. Interview schedules (52 youths) and FGD with youths were used to draw inferences of their thought process. district officials and observations. Availability of power is just optimal to support industries. Thus.000 plus industries existing in small and cottage industries and service sector. The current number of Vocational Training Institutes is not meeting the requirement of industries. aspirations.4. most of the labour force is available only on a seasonal basis. In Jodhpur. it is observed that skilled manpower such as plumbers. why they think the way they do and how does society respond to their hopes. 5. antiques.made garments and construction are emerging as promising sectors in the district. fitters. A more targeted approach with training curriculum more suitable as per the needs of the industry would be the need of the hour.term basis. Skilled manpower for good finishing in handicrafts business and furniture making is not available. nor the private VTIs are suitably providing the required practical training. Also. it is observed that VTIs in the district are not laying much emphasis on practical training. All the trades require good practical training for acquiring qualified manpower. These sectors appear to be sustainable enough to provide employment for trained people on a long.10 Youth Aspirations The study of the perceptions. Modern handicrafts. If we examine the trades for which manpower is immediately required. attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Jodhpur district to understand what the youth think.

The trades of fitter and electrician also showcased the maximum number of unemployed youth (40% and 20% respectively) with alternative choices like wireman. 81% of the youth covered were college going/drop outs and 19% had completed/ drop out from high school education.across the various categories of youth had given rich information and understanding on their aspirations and perceptions. computer operation. unemployed and trainees (as shown in the table above) with an average age group of 28 years. All the respondents were covered from registered VTIs for relevance in skilling initiatives of the state government. There was general consensus regarding better self-employment opportunity in electrician and fitter. diesel mechanic as alternative trades. Youths preference for the choice of trades selected for self-employment were in synchrony with the market demand with contract work (40%) and own business for ancillary parts trading (50%) emerging as leading choices. 175 . the course of fitter and electrician were the most preferred ones in sample of youths under training. Youth Category 50 40 30 20 10 0 college High school Self employed Unemployed Trainees 20 12 20 Figure 87Youth Education Profile of sample Table 55 Youth Category in Jodhpur-sample Among the respondents covered under the survey. There were peer learning practices observed among the trainees in order to understand additional skill apart from the one they specialize on and support systems developed to engage in sustainable livelihoods among trainees. The youth were covered from the categories of self-employed.

Due to lack of awareness and low family income.4. During the FGD it emerged that more than 70% candidates wanted a salaried job with less preference to government jobs and more preference to better initial salary.000 hike though it could be after a year of work experience. learning while applying the skills and family security. The expectation in terms of salary was about Rs. the drop out ratio among youths has been high in some of the training programmes. improved lifestyle.5. 80% of the interviewed youths either working or self-employed were satisfied with the monthly income.000 expecting Rs.sample group. Most of the youths are engaged in daily wages.11 Youth’s Perception 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Assessment of overall skill level Utility of vocational training received Satisfaction with Access to VT Capability of VT Availability of Satisfaction with Need for further VT institutions Institutions in Institution's latest monetary advanced in providing own district faculty in technologies returns received training skills teaching skills and equipment for VT Figure 88 Jodhpur Youth’s perception. 7. 3. However. Some youths are unemployed because they didn’t get any work opportunity after skilling. Jodhpur There was a feeling among the trainees that their ability to adapt to other skill requiring jobs was quiet limited and thus would prefer for self-assured livelihoods instead through self-employment. There were 90% of the youths did not get any increment for past two years of work. utility of vocational training received gets the lowest rating of 6. Current Monthly Income (Avg) Expected Monthly Income (Avg) 11000 7000 Figure 89 Income current and expected.3 on a scale of 10. Families on the other hand wished for government jobs which were easy works with better salaries and job security. The major aspiration from the entry level job remained work satisfaction. need and aspirations –Sample Group Satisfaction with current monetary returns and felt need for further advanced training emerge as the two leading factors by the respondents. The youths were averse 176 .

b) Training Partners: The sectors for engaging more skilled workforce would be in tourism. handicrafts (wooden and textiles). and therefore would require increasing linkages with the related institutions for skilled workforce absorption NSDC would be an enabler to lead the training partners in retail. 177 .Jodhpur The key stakeholders’ contribution in enabling to achieve the target (as shown in the figure) would be as follows: a) State: The state to target the skilled and semi-skilled segment for skilled training by creating additional 35 skill development centres (VTIs) in the district level of operations.. metal works. and services in the district. specific course curriculum designed for communicative English. textiles and food processing by encouraging specifically designed proposals with increasing the linkages in industry associations and PPP models. transport and logistics. textile and handlooms. It should encourage the private training partners to participate and operate in the district due to its considerable base of workers involved in secondary and tertiary sectors. leather. 5. life skills and basics in computer would be the key areas of skill development training. textiles. Along with these. c) Industries: The primary sectors of high human resource requirement would be tourism.12 Optimization Plan Figure 90 Optimization plan. leather. construction. less security and wished to avoid these by gaining better financial negotiation after skilling.of some of the exploitative modes of engagement in the industrial set ups like odd working hours.4. construction.

5 District Alwar 178 .5.

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In rural areas the participation 180 .4’NE 76. Bharatpur district on North-East and Mahendragarh of Haryana. as per HDIRajasthan. 2009) Registered MSME units Employed persons Education Pre Primary & Primary Schools Upper Primary Secondary & Sr.68 85. The per number 21 capita income has increased number 2 substantially by over four times Table 56 Alwar District Profile. Alwar. Rajasthan. It has an average elevation of 271 metres (889 feet).4% in one decade.5.08 56. Also known as the gateway to Rajasthan.78 1873 8 9 Alwar was ranked the 6th number 22160 number 89907 district in the HDI for Rajasthan. S.1954 in 2004-05.n o Section Unit Quantity / Value 1 LOCATION Latitude Longitude AREA Total geographical area ADMINISTRATION Tehsil Villages Land Use Pattern Total Area Total Irrigated area Population (census 2011) Total population Men Women SC (2001) ST (2001) 2 3 degree min degree min sq km number number Hectares Hectares 27. The worker participation rate in Alwar is 48. 09). a cold winter and a short monsoon season.6°E. Behror. Alwar district is situated in the NorthEastern part of Rajasthan. th 10 2009 and 5 in the GDI ranking number 2036 (0. Secondary Higher Education / Others Colleges ITI Polytechnic percent percent percent number 71. The district has a dry climate with hot summer.7% (HDI.a snapshot (Rs.Provisional). seven sub-tehsils and six Nagar Palikas. It is bounded in the North by Gurgaon of Haryana.57°N 76. It has significant number 2397 increase in the literacy rates of number 1272 the district especially female 11 literacy which went up by number 86 13. 2009) with primary sector engaging close to 70. Jaipur lies in the South-West and Dausa in the south.1 Demographic Profile: Alwar is located at 27.546). Rajgarh and Kishangarhbas are four subdivisions in the district.9% of the workforce and rest in secondary & tertiary sectors.5. It ranks as the 16th largest district of the state 4th highest density of population in the state of 438 (Census. The district consists of twelve tehsils.9’E 8380 12 1946 783281 451546 3671999 1938929 1733070 539036 239905 4 5 6 Literacy (except 0-6 age group) Total literate Men Women Energy Electrified Villages Industries (DIC. 2011.

08 and female literacy was at 56. 5.819 hectares (88%) area is unirrigated.06.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization Alwar’s status in literacy was marked higher than the state average. The Rajasthan . 2009). Source: Statistical Abstract.171 hectares from which about 83 percent area viz. A total of just above 2000 aspirants got enrolled in 2009-10 in the registered training institutes.5. 2 Polytechnics.2011 Pre Primary 2036 49546 retention rate of students in schools of Alwar is &Primary quiet high (Rajasthan HDI report. 95 Upper Primary Sec/ Sr Sec 2397 38889 1272 19135 Table 57 Alwar vs. the male literacy figure stands at 85. Total geographical area of the district is 7. Considering the density of population and the vast area. Thus. According to Census 2011 provisional Alwar has a total of 5705 schools from pre-primary to senior secondary levels. In 2010–2011 the net cultivated area is 5. remains higher than the state average though is on the lower side in comparison to the male figures. Rajasthan education status At the Intermediate college level.873 hectares. – 82.52.rate is higher than the urban by close to 20% (Urban.19. As per the Figure 91 Number of institutes for higher education in Alwar. Education in Alwar includes 7 engineering colleges.51. private institutes) implementing skilling initiatives with 42 approved programs (32 out of which are completed and 11 are ongoing). – 4. the total cropped area of the district is 8. According to Census 2011 provisional data. 8 ITIs. 13 ITCs. Apart from these.07. The literacy rate of Alwar in 2011 is 71.281 hectares which is about 2. Double cropped area is 2. a number of private organizations have initiated skill training in the region.51. Education in Alwar is increasing day by day because Alwar is coming close to the NCR region and also to the state capital. 1 agriculture research centre and 9 management institutes.19 Number of Schools. Alwar has an important place in Agriculture production in Rajasthan.78.68 compared to 61.903 is un-irrigated.83. ITCs.70 of 2001 which is remarkable and is higher than the state figure of 67.8% & Rural. updated report available on Rajasthan Mission 09 on Skill and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 18 partners (includes NGOs. There are total of just 23 10 3 registered vocational training institutes in 2 2 1 Alwar district. ITIs.049 hectares of which 32.6%). 12. arts and commerce.230 hectares (12%) area is irrigated and remaining 2. the school spread is average in comparison to the Education Alwar Rajasthan Fig.5 percent of the State.31. A detailed view of the vocational 181 . courses are available in the area of science.546 is irrigated and remaining 17 percent area viz. state average and across other districts.

Private organizations and local contractors have sprung up who require skilled and trained manpower for ready deployment. Popularity and demand for the courses offered by the women’s VTI was in synchrony with the growing demand for new emerging sectors such as body care and interior designing that are of 182 . b) Sales Persons: Sales and Marketing has emerged as one of the trades where the demand from industry whether it is telecom or banks or insurance firms is growing by the day. Eight of the offered courses relate to the engineering stream of which diesel mechanic course. After VAT became effective in the state TALLY has become a necessity for all VAT paying shops. electrician course and house wiring course appear to be the most popular ones. predominantly selfemployment based or to cater the local market needs. retail stores and medical stores TALLY to maintain their financial data. VTI Trades COPA Dress Making ElE & PT Electrical Electronics Fitter Hair &Skin care Interior Designing Motor Mechanic Steno (English) Fashion Tech. The courses offered by the government VTIs covered a wide range of sectors. growing fast in Alwar there is a significant demand for skilled persons in Computer Based Accountancy. The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Alwar are represented as follows: Government. Private players have eventually emerged for catering the needs for skilling youths of the district in fields as follows: a) Computer Based Accountancy: With number of shops. shopping malls.3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Alwar district The existing scenario of VTIs in Alwar seems inadequate keeping in mind the rate of industrial growth happening in the region due to NCR factors and nearness to the capital of the state. scope of placement and livelihood. the district grows in related spheres of business. Although the companies prefer persons either having higher qualifications or are from the related educational background there is still ample scope for the youths who will be trained in this filed c) Repair and maintenance (electricians/wiring/plumbers): With the advent of new industrial areas and the expansion of the present industrial areas the scope in this trades have grown enormously over last five years. Most of these courses were oriented towards self-employment training and dropout rate was low. In private VTIs the courses were fewer in number and specifically catered for placement. Also with industrialization. preference of the youth for these trades. d) Hotel Management: Alwar is famous for “Sariska Sanctury” and this brings a lot of tourists to the district giving a fillip to the hospitality industry. The clear observation made was that these government VTIs provided a wide range of courses (15 courses) with each sanctioned batch strength ranged from 27 to 273. construction and building etc.training of Alwar could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs. 5. As such the demand for skilled persons in hotel management is large. Tool & Die Making Turner Welder Private VTI Trades Elecrician Fitter COPA Mechanic (Diesel) Table 58 Alwar district’s (sample study) courses offered The total 3 (government) and 5 (private) VTIs were covered in the sample.5.

interest to women. Almost trainees industry Board / faculty of facilities University strength & all of them did not have hostel equipment facilities for trainees. Interestingly the VTI functionaries claim that the courses on offer in these government VTIs are more demand driven as per the aspirations of the youths and less mandated from any university or board. Demand Demand Mandated Based on Based on from from the by the available availability electricity and water supply. The industry’s role in demanding courses favorable for its optimization was observed to be high and thus one could anticipate the involvement of contemporary industries in campus placement in these VTIs. The selection of course design and other influencing factors for finalization of courses by the VTI functionaries were more or less determined by the availability of facilities and equipment. housekeeping etc. The current courses provided are less equipped or do not directly address the concern. As per the industry association (Bhiwadi Manufacturers Association) there are around 3000 industrial set-ups either existing or coming up in the Bhiwadi region and would require large number of skilled workers for their set ups plus support staffs in terms of gardeners. plumbers. This existing gap needs skilling infrastructure to be nearly doubled to address the cause. The average age of males was 18 years and females were 20 years substantiating the early joining of these trainings for livelihoods option. No evidence of any kind of market research or study based course requirements were made across all the government VTIs. All the VTIs 40% Pvt claimed to have updated 20% Govt technologies. These trades majorly catered for the needs of more unorganized sectors. but have arrangements for commuting for Figure 92 Factors influencing course selection and design of VTIs (Alwar the aspirants both in private and Sample Survey) government VTIs. equipped labs. and 0% space for conducting the training. demand in 100% the industries and not on the 80% mandate of funding agencies or 60% apex organizations. 183 . More often the courses provided were less oriented for direct placement in the market rather introduced the aspirants for self-employment and as another home based know how for females. drivers.

felspar.C data (March. handicrafts. 200 5. crockery. The thrust of the VTIs (perhaps based on the market conditions) is more focused on developing trained manpower for the self-employment sector.I. Industries extablished in Alwar district are exporting wide range of products like shaving blade.electrical based etc. There are 87 large units working in the district. resource based and ancillary industries included automobiles. food processing industries. Pvt 100 100 95 91 50 engaging a substantial workforce. different chemicalslike calcium cyanide. Alwar is fairly rich in mineral wealth.C. leather shoes. readymade garments. Also there has been growing demand from the industrial houses for more updated training curriculums. suiting. Chemicals. sanitary items .5.35 lakhs providing employment to 89907 persons. mineral based. There are 87 large scale industrial units and 22160 MSME units in the district. 150 Though Alwar possesses a 100 100 considerable industrial base. textiles and leather. paper based. slate tile. picture tube. quartz. barites. soap stone. packaging and services. empty hard gelatin capsules. surgical blade. cement. dolomite. granite. wood based. synthetic blended gabrics. ready to work skilled youth with less investment in terms of time and energy for induction and grooming. fitter. MSME in Alwar According to D.e. These industries have a capital investment of Rs. subscriber carrier system.I. hand tools. there were around 22201 MSME units set up in the district which were registered in D. 184 . PVC cable sanitary ware. the placement remains far below expectations. alkalies salt. The private VTIs have had success in placement in fields like electrician. moped. fashion technology and fitter. 65 64 50 Govt the interaction with the VTIs 0 remains limited and thus.5. The type of industries registered were in leather.131398. Most of them are located in various industrial area of Alwar district. tyre-tube.5 Industry Mapping At present there are twenty two industrial areas developed by RIICO at Alwar district. Demand based. agro-food based. welder and Figure 93 Major trades offering placement in VTIs (Alwar Sample Survey) mechanic and some partial achievements in placement for government VTIs in fields of electronics. It produces marble. textile.4 Placement & Absorption Trend The overall placement scenario remains more or less dominated by the factor of self-employment trend. alu extuded product. engineering based industries. dress making. lime stone.5. 2009). i.

This would necessarily factor in the concentration of SSI as the major parameter (due to small number of large scale industries) and would also represent any new sector other than the listed sectors prevailing in Alwar.26 807.46 64 100 5054 2185 728 925 15810 18010 1794.6 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Alwar District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the 20 high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below.00 38642. emp>750. investment> 30. employment and numbers. Hospitality & Trade Transportation. form the major chunk of industrial output and thus employment.04 35833.56 2833 4607 2790 10300 9405. In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set up stratified sample of 10 industries was selected (depending on the availability of respondents’ of the employer group set up).79 9 3022 1807 218 5332 3206 1021. Manufacturing. District /Sectors Agriculture & Allied Auto & Auto Components Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Electronics & IT Hardware Food Processing (beverages & tobacco) Furniture & Furnshing Leather & leather goods Gems & Jewellery Retail Textile & Handloom Unorganized Sector Building Construction & Real Estates Education & Skill Development Healthcare IT & ITES Tourism. Travel. investment>1000. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis shall be made on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment. Metals & Minerals Machinery.71 2203. Logistics. mineral and metals etc.all applicable Units> 10. investment>200.58 2321.24 17604.emp>1000 – all applicable Units>100. Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging Table 59 Sector wise mapping of industries in Alwar Units 773 481 Employment 3135 5028 Investment (Rs lakhs) 7038. The sample of employers consisted of senior level functionaries from 10 diverse industries located in 185 . ware housing & packaging Paper Based Mines.25 Units>200.5.5. emp>30 – all applicable Investment & demand based sectors of district-DIC Alwar has a very strong industrial base and caters for number of sectors.03 5988. automobiles and ancillary industries.

The engagement in services and manufacturing sectors has observed a sharp rise due to the industrialization in Bhiwadi region and coming up of new industrial plans. 4. Engagement in secondary and tertiary sector shows an increasing trend as per the industrial growth of the district. etc.3 Figure 94 81 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Alwar) 186 . 4. In terms of industries’ requirements and the market trends from the primary survey the major demand in terms of expectations from the employers were very high on all the rated parameters (on a scale of 5). metal based industries should play a key in future. Looking at the present resources and skill set of the workforce. packaging and Single Ownership Packaging (1 firm) establishment hospitality.5. Productivity & efficiency. All the sampled firms had some Private Ltd. residential towns and other logistics. HR Managers. Automotive (2 firm) The oldest establishment (Hariom Precision Table 60 Break-up of industries in Alwar (Sample study) (1 firms) Private Ltd.Alwar district of Rajasthan. Parallel to this there has been an increase of over 2% in tertiary and secondary sector workforce participation over the same period. General Managers. PF scheme. Metals & Mineral Products popular worker welfare schemes such as ESI (4 firms) Partnership Wires & Steel scheme. A clear cut demarcation was difficult but overall requirement of skilled and trained resources was observed. These functionaries represented different levels of management as Partners. Directors. manufacturing & engineering based industries. 5. & Imperial Hotel) dates back to 1982 while the youngest establishment (Motherson Automotive Technologies &Engineering) was established in 2012. There has been declining trend of workforce share in primary sector from 73% to 71% from 1991-2001.5 Skills. electrical and electronics. These industries were selected as large (2).4 Aspirationscareer growth. Housing (1 firms) (2 firms) Hospitality (5 firms) (3 firm) scheme and provision of food for their workers. 4. 4. Health scheme. automotive. automotive.7 Workforce Demand and Supply The major workforce participation observed in Alwar district over a period of two decades has been a predominantly influenced by cultivators/ agricultural laborers. 4. This workforce has been majorly engaged in informal or small scale industries. medium (5) and small (3) covering various growth sectors of the district like metals & minerals products and Type of Major Product(s) manufacturing.3 Learning & Developmen t.3 Loyalty.

Though majority of the industries Skilled Labourers interviewed still feel the Semi Skilled requirement of unskilled workers Unskilled over the skilled workers for their full time roles. Attrition Attrition 187 . 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 Attrition Current Current Current Initial Initial Initial The sampled industries demonstrate their intentions to expand the worker base across the skilled. Also they referred that employees with on job training and rising within the set up would be preferred in long runs. semi-skilled and unskilled workers across time workers. The need for Wage unskilled contract/ daily wage Figure 95 Present status of skilled workforce and attrition across workers laborers was phenomenally very (Sample Alwar) high and the attrition rate was even manageable as per the industries’ feedback. 12 Further classifying into the staff roles of these industries. A clear distinction could be observed in the preference of semi-skilled and unskilled workers for the full time category as the industries felt the low cost module works better in a capital scenario and incurs less cost in on job 70 68 training. Apparently the number of semi-skilled workers category has grown even after high Full time Contract Daily attrition rate. This clearly validates the mindset of the industry houses to engage less skilled workers. Similar responses were also found for office administration and accounting positions.5.8 Projected Workforce Demand There has been certain increase in the number of full time workers over a period of time but currently is running with less skilled workers. the demand for well qualified professionals could be observed for senior and middle level management. In case of support staff the general yardstick followed was class 10th pass and not necessarily the skills possessed. One could observe a sample industries in Alwar similar requirement in the semiskilled requirement and unskilled full time based requirements.5. semi-skilled and unskilled Skilled Semi Skilled Unskilled categories majorly in unskilled full Figure 96 Requirement of skilled.

A significant gap is observed between the average wages paid to male and female workers under the semi-skilled and unskilled categories. 50.There were marked differences in the wages of the fulltime workers and skilled fulltime workers. semi-skilled and unskilled male workers compared to the part time category workers. 30 (in case of semiFigure 97 : Wages of skilled. All these comparisons stand good for full time workers only. % of Job requirem ent 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Sectors Unskilled Semi-skilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semi-skilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semi-skilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semi-skilled Skilled Total Demand 2010-11 980364 79921 5328 1065613 155456 71749 11958 239164 44937 104854 149792 299583 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Agricultural Sector 1036616 1041883 1085920 84507 5634 1126757 167875 77481 12913 258269 47615 111102 158717 317435 2014-15 1112373 90683 6046 1209101 178379 82329 13721 274429 51825 120925 172751 345501 2015-16 1142448 93134 6209 1241791 184274 85049 14175 283498 53560 124973 178533 357066 2016-17 1166470 95093 6340 1267903 187365 86476 14413 288254 54739 127725 182465 364930 84936 88526 5662 5902 1132482 1180348 Industry Sector 167937 176402 77509 81416 12918 13569 258364 271388 Services Sector 48938 50728 114190 118366 163128 169094 326256 338188 66% 15% 19% 1180758 256524 167078 1604360 1252106 273090 177265 1702461 All Sectors 1258758 1313051 276635 288308 181709 188565 1717102 1789924 1342577 293937 192517 1829031 1380282 303157 198917 1882355 1408575 309294 203217 1921086 100% Table 61 Projected Workforce demand across sectors in the district Alwar 188 . More employers are willing to increase the wages of full time skilled. 160 in unskilled in Semi Skilled comparison with the male average Unskilled wage structure. semi-skilled and unskilled workers (all full skilled to skilled) and maximizes the time) in the sample survey of Alwar difference in case of unskilled to skilled by over Rs. Contractual and daily wage workers’ wages do not have any significant changes though the actual wages are too low. The skilled female Male Female Male Female workforce gets an amount which is Number in Avg wage in Rs higher than the semi-skilled and Current Strength unskilled workforce with a minimum margin of Rs. 350 The difference in the wage structure varies from Rs. 120 in semi-skilled Skilled category to Rs.

Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Organized Retail Real Estate Education/ Skill Development Banking. structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill requirements of the industries identified in Alwar district on the basis of manpower absorption and production in high growth industries in the district.9 Skill Gap Analysis The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument. The analysis would factor in industry linkages with vocational training institutes. The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: Sectors Automobiles & Auto Components Food processing Electronics Hardware Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden & paper) Textile & Garments Building. employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging.Alwar shows a dramatic decrease by more than 4% in the workforce engaging in primary sector and could be credited with the upcoming of Bhiwadi and NCR region for the growing workforce participation in secondary and service sectors.Alwar Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled 5. 189 . Basis on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the Workforce projections shall be made across different categories. Insurance & Finance Healthcare Machinery. Hardware & Home Furnishings Leather & Leather Goods IT/ITES or software Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Gems & Jewellery Tourism. Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement Table 62 Workforce across various sectors by 2017. The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall be used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings.5. Electricals & Manufacturing Mining.

land and electricity was least on the priority as labour availability remains low and dependence on migrated workers from states like Bihar and Odisha remains high for existing industrial base. 190 . these youths can be easily converted into good human resource for the demanding markets. Water supply. This sector is sustainable enough to absorb huge new manpower. iron industries are also progressing. Skilled training targeting some of the important clusters of Alwar would be necessary like skill training to train the support staff for the 3000 plus industries coming up or existing in Bhiwadi etc. the need and dependence for skilled manpower by the local small scale industries was not well pronounced. 200 plus automobile and ancillary industries are existing here. Gradually. 5. Interview schedules (60 youths) and FGD with youths were used to draw inferences of their thought process. their aspirations mapped against their attitudes to take up sustainable livelihoods work. attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Alwar district to understand what the youth think.10 Youth Aspirations The study of the perceptions. district officials and observations. A large percentage of the population works as casual labour in capacities ranging from cleaners to semiskilled mechanics. The automobile sector is the predominant and emerging sector in this district. Some of the important findings were as follows:Industries were more concerned with the factor endowment of labour. Currently.5. The lack of skills is clearly visible among these youths and if the proper vocational trainings will be imparted. A more targeted approach with training curriculum more suitable as per the needs of the industry would be the need of the hour. The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to understand the perceptions of youth. The VTIs did not cater for the industry requirements and more customized practical courses were suggested by the industry group to better the condition of skilled manpower. It is in a booming position.Sectors Unskilled Semi-skilled Skilled Workforce Demand & Supply Gap 201020112012201311 12 13 14 425208 127262 84957 496494 135740 92453 501899 138040 87350 553532 142805 90907 201415 581176 144915 88286 201516 617811 149300 88768 201617 643925 151547 86661 Table 63 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 As per the in-depth interviews conducted with senior functionaries of industry associations. aspirations. aspirations and perceptions. Advocacy of skilled programmes and the outreach remains an obstacle which needs to be deterred by engaging major private training organizations. The in-depth interactions were held with 60 respondents across the various categories of youth had given rich information and understanding on their aspirations and perceptions. assistants in garages or as casual help while another major chunk survive on marginal farming or are sitting idle. why they think the way they do and how does society respond to their hopes.

self-employed.Self Employed by Trade 35% 40% 50% 61% 10% Electrician Fitter Mechanical Own Business Supplier Contractor Figure 99 Profile of respondents (self-employed and trained) by trade in sample of Alwar Fig 29: Profile of respondents (trainees) by trade in sample Among the respondents covered under the survey. diesel mechanic as alternative trades. the course of fitter and electrician were the most preferred ones in sample of youths under training.Youth Profile by Trained Trades 4% Alwar . All the respondents were covered from registered VTIs for relevance in skilling initiatives of the state government. unemployed and trainees (as shown in the table above) with an average age group of 27 years. 191 . 35% of the youth covered were college educated and 65% had completed/ drop out from high school education. The trades of fitter and electrician also showcased the maximum number of unemployed youth (40% and 20% respectively) with alternative choices like wireman.Youth Category % High School Educated % College Educated 65 Employed Self employed 18 10 10 22 35 Unemployed Trainees Figure 98 Youth Education Profile of sample in Alwar Table 64 Youth Category in Alwar-sample The youth were covered from the categories of employed. There was general consensus regarding better self-employment opportunity in electrician and fitter. Alwar. There were peer learning practices observed among the trainees in order to understand additional skill apart from the one they specialize on and support systems developed to engage in sustainable livelihoods among trainees. computer operation. Youths preference for the choice of trades selected for self-employment were in synchrony with the market demand with contract work (40%) and own business for ancillary parts trading (50%) emerging as leading choices.

5 7. Alwar 192 .0 7.0 9. the drop out ratio among youths has been high in some of the training programmes.5. Due to lack of awareness and low family income. Incidentally satisfaction with training institutions was rated the highest (rated 9.5. The major aspiration from the entry level job remained work satisfaction.0 Assessment of overall skill level Utility of vocational training received Satisfaction Access to VT Capability of VT Availability of Satisfaction with VT Institutions in Institution's latest with monetary institutions in own district faculty in technologies returns providing skills teaching skills and equipment received for VT Need for further advanced training Figure 100 Alwar Youth’s perception.5 8.sample group. Some youths are unemployed because they didn’t get any work opportunity after skilling. Families on the other hand wished for government jobs which were easy works with better salaries and job security. 7. need and aspirations –Sample Group Low satisfaction with current monetary returns after training emerged as the major concerning factor among the respondents. The expectation in terms of salary was about Rs. 1.4 on a scale of 10) though majority of them also felt the need for upgrading the technology and delivery of lessons by faculty for addressing the growing skilling needs. There were 25% of the youths did not get any increment for Figure 101 Income current and expected. learning while applying the skills Current Monthly Income (Avg) Expected Monthly Income (Avg) 8000 7030 and family security.11 Youth’s Perception 10.5 9. 60% of the interviewed youths either working or self-employed were satisfied with the monthly income. There was a feeling among the trainees that their ability to adapt to other skill requiring jobs was quiet limited and thus would prefer for self-assured livelihoods instead through self-employment.0 8.000 expecting Rs.000 hike though it could be after a year of work experience. improved lifestyle. Most of the youths are engaged in daily wages. During the FGD it emerged that more than 70% candidates wanted a salaried job with less preference to government jobs and more preference to better initial salary.

communicative courses. and computer based courses should be encouraged along with mechanical (auto-related) courses by NSDC. also keeping in mind the high requirement of up-skilling in current industrial base.5. the youths stand a good chance to earn a sustainable livelihood and skilling would provide them with better financial negotiation power. The youths were averse of some of the exploitative modes of engagement in the industrial set ups like odd working hours.Alwar In order to keep the industrial area of Alwar on its consistent growth path. Keeping in mind the readiness to migrate to NCR regions. it would be important to maintain the skill workforce supply as per industries requirements. Customized training schedules and industry linkages would enable the VTIs to provide a more ready to be deployed workforce.12 Optimization Plan Figure 102 Optimization plan.past two years of work. the services sector shall require skilled workforce of education qualification of higher nature. 5. In order to meet these requirements aspirants could be trained across various domains of service industry. less security and wished to avoid these by gaining better financial negotiation after skilling. So training partners with life skills. 193 . Apart.

6 District Churu 194 .5.

- - - - - - - - - 195 .

Royara and Babul trees are to be mainly found on the 196 .95 54. Phoge and Kair bushes and Khejra.46 79.a snapshot rich traditional art of Rajasthan. Churu has Employed persons marked its position among 12 Education the painted towns of the Pre Primary & Primary Schools Shekhawati region. The Upper Primary town is literally a living Secondary & Sr.no Section Rajasthan state of western India and also known to be 1 LOCATION the gateway to the Thar Latitude Desert. The area is scanty in vegetation. is a Women part of the frescoland of 8 Energy Electrified Villages Shekhawati. Secondary mural that has expressed 13 Higher Education / Others itself on the walls of the Colleges havelis (mansions) of the ITI rich trading classes. The town of Churu Longitude is the administrative 2 AREA headquarters of the Total geographical area district. Total literate the headquarters of the Men largest desert district.1 Demographic Profile: Churu is a district of S.Churu. Haryana state Men to the east. Churu lies in the 3 ADMINISTRATION Jangladesh region of Tehsil Villages northern Rajasthan. and Bikaner 6 Literacy (except 0-6 age group) District to the west. It Total Irrigated area is bounded by 5 Population (census 2011) Hanumangarh District to Total population the north. Churu is a district with an enchanting topography amidst the Thar Desert.5.25 850 1596 9881 843 1048 670 33 3 1 o o It has an average elevation of 292 m (958 ft). The Churu City is encircled by large shifting sand dunes. It is Polytechnics really an heirloom of the Table 65 Churu District Profile. Nagaur District ST (2001) to the south. Churu o 4 Land Use Pattern lies in 28 18' N latitude o Total Area and 74 58' E longitude.6. Unit Quantity/ Location degree min degree min sq km number number Hectares Hectares number number number number number percent percent percent number number number number number number Number Number Number 28 18' N 74 58' E 16830 6 899 1385898 88987 2041172 1053375 987797 357883 9752 67. A major 9 Industries centre for trade and Registered MSME Industries commerce. Jhunjhunun Women and Sikar districts to the SC (2001) southeast.

59 of 2001 which just higher than the state figure of 67.6. The literacy rate of Churu in 2011 is 67.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization Churu’s status in literacy was marked higher than the state average but also marked by a dip than the previous census figure.41 lakhs (2. Rajasthan education status 33 3 1 1 primary to senior secondary levels. According to Census 2011 provisional data. It was observed that though the district fares quiet high on education and health index (5th & 7th respectively). ITI & Polytechnic. its due to the income index (32nd) which pulls the district on overall HDI ranking. 2009-10Churu case of education infrastructure was evident as per reports of Rajasthan HDI report. the school spread is average in comparison to the state average and across other districts.2% showing trends of population stabilization.62%). The retention rate of students in schools of Jaipur is quiet low which also contributes to the drop in literacy rates and status of education. One can find Sand dunes all over the area with a couple of small limestone hills. 2008 According to Census 2011 provisional Churu has a total of 2561 schools from pre1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 1048 843 670 Education Pre Primary &Primary Upper Primary Sec/ Sr Sec Churu 843 1048 670 Rajasthan 49546 38889 19135 Table 66 Churu vs.50.1% in secondary & tertiary sectors. The worker participation rate in Churu is 44.86% & Rural. In rural areas the participation rate is higher than the urban by close to 23% (Urban.92 % of the area of the state.606) and 20th on the GDI (0. With just 148 the density of population in the state ranks at 30 (Census.97% of the state population) with sex ratio of 938 (compared to 2001 census figure of 248) which still is on the higher side of the state ratio of 926.95% and female literacy was at a low of 54. Churu has also been among the districts with high dropout rates as per HDI.Provisional). Considering the density of population and the vast area.27.9% of the workforce and rest 23. 2008. In the towns Neem and Peepal and Sira trees can also be noticed.38% (HDI.46 compared to 67.476). 197 . 2011 state that there have been significant decline in the girls’ enrolment.25 and it was due the declining trends in the female and male literacy from 2001 which has brought down the literacy rates from 2001 to 2011 by 0.06. The region boasts record temperatures ranging from below freezing point in the winters to over 50 degrees in the summer afternoons. 5. Rajasthan. 2008) with primary sector engaging close to 76. There was dip in the male and female literacy rates and reports of DISE. It ranks as the 6th largest district of the state covering 4. It stands 18th on the Human Development Index (0. Colleges.sand dunes.13%. There was a decrease in the decadal growth of population of 3. The supply constraint in Figure 103 Number of Schools. As per provisional census 2011 data. Churu accounts for population of 20. 2011. the male literacy figure stands at 79.

After VAT became effective in the state TALLY has become a necessity for all VAT paying shops. Although the companies prefer persons either having higher qualifications or are from the related educational background there is still ample scope for the youths who will be trained in this filed c) Household wiring and repair of domestic appliances (wireman & electrician): Houses in the Churu are well equipped with various kinds of electrical home appliances to make our work easier. There are total of four registered vocational training institutes in Churu district out of which 03 are ITIs and 01 polytechnic. d) Diesel Engine Repair: Due to heavy use of diesel engines in Churu for irrigation and in automobiles the demand for skilled mechanics in this trade is very high.3 VTI’s demand across various trades in the district The existing scenario of VTIs in Churu on the lower side considering the number of youths passing out. government college) implementing skilling initiatives with 07 approved programs (all are completed). retail stores and medical stores TALLY to maintain their financial data. A detailed view of the vocational training of Churu could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs. This has created huge demand for repair and maintenance of home appliances as well as house hold wiring.A total of over 13. At the intermediate college level. growing fast in Jaipur there is a significant demand for skilled persons in Computer Based Accountancy. As per the updated report available on Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 04 partners (includes NGOs. There is a huge requirement of mechanics that can repair diesel engines used in generators. training in Home Appliances is strongly recommended. scope of placement and livelihood. In private VTIs the courses were more male oriented and 1 of the 06 courses offered was preferred by the women. e) Two Wheeler Repair: The number of two wheelers in Churu is on the rise. efficient easy access to repair and maintenance The government VTIs interviewed in the survey was four and five were from the private. preference of the youth for these trades. besides the relatively attractive earnings. vehicles and irrigation equipment. The courses which were offered by the government VTIs were predominantly self-employment based or to cater the local market needs. Private players have not yet ventured in a big way eventually leaving a vast scope for skilled intervention of the district and catering the needs for skilling youths of the district in fields as follows: a) Computer Based Accountancy: With number of shops. A total of just above 450 aspirants got enrolled in 2009-10 in the registered training institutes. The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Jaipur are represented as follows: 198 . 5. b) Sales Persons: Sales and Marketing has emerged as one of the trades where the demand from industry whether it is telecom or banks or insurance firms is growing by the day. Keeping in view the growing customer demand for Home Appliances. and seeking employment as skilled workforce.6.000 students enroll in various institutes at colleges ITI & polytechnic. courses are available in the area of science. Some of the private institutes have come up with PG diploma and management courses even. shopping malls. arts and commerce. ITIs. The owners of these vehicles are in need of economical.

instrumentation and IT trades in private VTIs which infers to the over emphasizing of electrical course and less importance to COPA & IT courses though the present market conditions show potentials for such trades. Average salary/trainee indicated good prospect for electronics trade as government VTIs have reported that their trainee got placement of Rs. 8.Government. % placed after training by private VTIs 100 100 95 90 85 80 Electrical Fitter 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 % placed after training by government VTIs 66. The COPA course though shows high potential in the market but placements from the institutes were nil (on records). It appears that there is uniformity in popularity of trades in government VTIs (as the difference between the sanctioned and actual seats in the existing batches was low) whereas electrical is the most popular trade in private VTIs (210 seats sanctioned across VTIs). gap between the actual and approved strengths of trainees is significant for diesel mechanic.7 66. It appears in the Government. On the other hand.000/month from their institute. the number of actual trainees compared to the number of approved number of trainees is more or less same across all most all the trades except COPA whereas the difference is a bit high as compare to other trade. The government VTIs sampled for the study offer 4 different trades for training while the private VTIs offer 7 trades. VTIs. It may be due to the fact that most of the Diesel Mechanic trade trainees seek self-employment.7 0 COPA Electrical Electronics Wireman Figure 104 Churu district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government and pri vate VTIs An overview of placement records by trade in the government and private VTIs indicate moderate prospects in all most all of the trades with the exception of Diesel Mechanic trade in private VTIs.7 88.1 10. In case of 199 . Electrical is most preferred trade in Churu as private VTIs are offering around 5 times seats in electrical trade as compare to government VTIs and the government VTI batches shows running to optimum strength. VTI Trades COPA Wireman Electrical Electronics Private VTI Trades Electrical Fitter Diesel Mechanic Electronics Instrumentation IT COPA Table 67 Churu district’s (sample study) courses offered The total 07 VTIs (02 government+0 5 private) covered in the sample.

private VTIs the highest paid placement was in electrical trade. All the VTIs claimed to have updated technologies. handicraft items on sandal wood. iron and steel fabrication. cement.4 Industry Mapping Cultivation is the main occupation of the population which is monsoon dependent.6. toilet and washing soap. churan and chatni. While placements of trainees from the government and private VTIs was more through a proactive approach to the industry by the VTIs and the trainees themselves. blanket weaving. papad and mangori. electricity and water supply. The industrial set up and their main produce in Churu are as follows: 200 . More often the courses provided were less oriented for direct placement in the market rather introduced the aspirants for self-employment for males and as another home based know how for females. Churu district placement in these VTIs. oil mills. Almost all of them did not have hostel facility for girls (one for boys in private VTI). salt. The industry’s role in demanding courses favorable for its optimization was observed to be high and thus one could anticipate the involvement of 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 4 2 1 1 5 0 Governemnt VTIs Reporting Availability Private VTIs reporting availability contemporary industries in campus Figure 105 Facilities and Infrastructure availability in sampled VTIs. equipped labs. handloom cloth. Migration is a common phenomenon though efforts were being made to put Churu on the industrial map of the state by DIC. and space for conducting the training. 5. polythene films and bags. Irrigation is also scarce. Interestingly the VTI functionaries claim that the courses on offer in these government VTIs are more demand driven as per the aspirations of the youths and less mandated from any university or board. Though the average placement observed in case of fitter course was more than 95% but it majorly catered for the needs of more unorganized sectors. Commuting facility for the aspirants in all private VTIs was a good initiative and different from many other districts surveyed. Churu has seven industrial areas and boasts of close to 7000 MSME and two large and medium scale industries. sand lime bricks. Though some of the trainees from private VTI got their placement through employment exchanges but overall its role is more or less nullified over the years of non-function. The main produce of the district includes aluminum utensils. steel furniture. guargum. The selection of course design and other influencing factors for finalization of courses by the VTI functionaries were more or less determined by the availability of facilities and equipment. The staffing in these institutes were marked understaffed in aspects dealing in academics & managerial positions (both in government and private). woolen yarn.

MSME in Churu According to D.05 12451. 5. Pipe. Cable.04 24290 6209 6209 6432 2008 8951. Stone Door Frames. The main existing industries are wooden handicraft & furniture. Gwar Gum.98 11405.54 24290 25304 26446 27454 28521 29609 Figure 106 MSME trend analysis of the district Churu There has been a constant increasing trend in the investment of industries. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis shall be 201 . Iron and Steel.I. Gwar Gum.V.98 26446 6654 2010 11405. Wooden Furniture. Namkeen and Bhujia industries are established here. Welding Work and Washing Soap.V. there were around 7315 MSME units set up in the district which were registered in D. Flour mill. Oil Mill etc. Mosaic Tiles. Sardarshahar: Plaster of Paris. These industries have a capital investment of Rs. Dal Mill. Bidasar: Newly established industrial area.Churu: The Wooden and Iron handicraft.C. Sujangarh: Oil Mill.05 27454 6874 6874 2011 12451. Agricultural Tools. One of the handloom clusters of Rajasthan is at Dariba (Bindsar) of Churu district. MSME of Churu 60000 50000 40000 30000 20000 10000 0 Investment (in lacs) Employment units 2007 8118.54 29609 7315 8118.I.6. plaster of paris and wooden handicraft and guar gum having export potential. Stone Door Frames.13951.C. Condiments.54 lakhs providing employment to 29609 persons. P.17 25304 6432 6654 2009 10164. Taranagar: Plaster of Paris. Rajgarh: Oil Mill. 2012). Fabrication. Mosaic Tiles etc. employment and thus. This would necessarily factor in the concentration of SSI as the major parameter (due to small number of large scale industries) and would also represent any new sector other than the listed sectors existing in Churu. Ratangarh: Wooden Handicraft. guar gum. wire. the number of units as well. Papad.5 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Jaipur District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the 20 high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below.C.04 8951. Mosaic Tiles etc.17 10164. Cold Drinks and Mineral Water. Washing Soap. Namkeen. P.83 28521 7094 7094 7315 2012 13951. Water Cooler Body.C data (March.83 13951.

35 877 Units>200. Travel. There has been an increase of close to 18% of MSME from 2007-2012 with an increase in investment close to 71%. emp>30 Investment & demand based sectors of districtDIC Table 68 Sector wise mapping of industries in Churu as per DIC report. Some of the major employment engagement in the district happens in the sectors of mines and minerals.89 3215 239 277. investment> 30. Metals & Minerals Machinery. Some of the demand and resource based industries which have come up in the district were as follows:- 202 . handloom and textiles. investment>1000. District /Sectors Agriculture & Allied Auto & Auto Components Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Food Processing Furniture & Furnshing Leather & leather goods Textile Unorganized Sector Building Construction & Real Estates Education & Skill Development Healthcare IT & ITES Tourism. But the employment fold has just risen by 22% which suggests the nature of operations largely depends engaging less human resources.79 511. furniture and manufacturing sector.54 50.74 Employment 974 674 204 2938 109 1256 801 68 40. investment>200. Hospitality & Trade Transportation.42 386.31 1425. Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging Units 238 82 17 376 26 231 233 Investment (Rs lakhs) 547. households etc.made on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment. emp>750 Units> 10. ware housing & packaging Mines.01 2.73 304 382 2105. A substantially good number of workforce (60%) form the services backbone of the district and are engaged in various industries. Logistics.emp>1000 Units>100.67 2045. employment and numbers. as daily wagers. 2007 There have been many MSME coming up in the district engaging the semi-skilled workforce.

203 . In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set up stratified sample of 10 industries was selected (depending on the availability of respondents’ of the employer group set up). The sample of employers consisted of senior level functionaries from 10 diverse industries located in Jaipur district of Rajasthan. HR Managers. RMOL has monitoring one self-employment schemes called Aksaht Kaushal that helping graduates people to get the self-employments’ and the other statement recorded was ‘Scope for self-employment and entrepreneurship in the district is very good. One stated that ’Scope for self-employment and entrepreneurship in the district is very good. the VTIs present infrastructure fall short of infrastructure and similarly the feeling of building entrepreneurship practices in the district development agenda does not find the required space.Demand Based Wooden furniture Iron gate. General Managers. DIC Churu had striking similarity. Directors. But keeping in mind the present context of wage laborers of the district and industries demand for skilled workforce. The district authorities were not making many efforts in this direction except providing the loan for the self-employment’. Grill Cement Jali Data Processing Steel Furniture Photo state Washing Soap Vehicle Repair Resource Based Papadbari Grain grinding Masala grinding Bhujia Stone grit Plaster of paris Marble tiles Dal polishing Table 69 Potential industries providing employment to the semi-skilled workforce in Churu CASE STUDY: Self-employment & Entrepreneurship would be the need of the hour Some of the views stated by one of the government’s ITI principal and that of the GM. These functionaries represented different levels of management as Partners. etc. The district authorities are not making efforts in this direction except providing the loan for the self-employment.

PF scheme. The industries sampled were performing without any gap in production except the packaging industry which was running short of skilled manpower. Health scheme.6. 5. Electricals & Manufacturing-01 Tourism.6 Workforce Demand and Supply 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Initial Strength Current Strength Skilled construction material & building hardware Required Strength Initial Strength Current Strength Semiskilled furniture & furnishings Required Strength Initial Strength Current Strength Unskilled machinery.03 Furniture & Furnishings. semi-skilled workforce and unskilled workforce across sectors (Sample Churu) at various stages (initial. Travel & Hospitality. medium and small industries covering various growth sectors of the district as shown in the table.05 Machinery. electricals & manufacturing Required Strength Figure 107Status of skilled.01 Table 70 Break-up of industries in Churu (Sample study) These industries were selected from large.Sectors covered under sample survey Construction material & building hardware. All the sampled firms had some popular worker welfare schemes such as ESI scheme. current and required) 204 . Housing scheme and provision of food for their workers.

There has been declining trend of workforce share in primary sector from 77.4 4 Construction Material & Building Hardware Furniture & Furnishing Machinery. Looking at the present resources and skill set of the workforce furniture.4 4 4 3. Engagement in secondary and tertiary sector shows an increasing trend as per the industrial growth of the district though very marginal in nature.3 4 3. the increase in the share of secondary and tertiary has been quiet insignificant for the same period.1% to 76. textiles and guargum hold thekey to future employment for the district Churu in near future.8 1. In terms of industries’ requirements and the market trends the primary survey provides the major demand in terms of expectations from the employers were loyalty towards work and least scaled was importance of enhancing skills. There is distinct trend observed in the workforce engaged as laborers & wage earners (close to 31% of the secondary & tertiary workforce) who get engaged as helpers. computer based knowledge. tiles and stones.6 3. 205 . cleaners. Majority of the workforce has been engaged in subsistence agriculture and remains idle for the bulk period of the year. The furniture sector’s demand for unskilled workforce more than double of that of semi-skilled workforce requirement clearly illustrating the model of low-cost unorganized form of labour utilization in the sector. The requirement for semi-skilled workforce was higher than the skilled workforce.3 5 4 5 3 3. Other parameters were closely rated as shown in the figure showing the employer’s expectations.9% from 1991-2001. Electricals & Manufacturing Figure 108 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Churu) The major workforce participation observed in Churu district over a period of two decades has been majorly as cultivators/ agricultural laborers and has had a decline of 0. electrical and automobile.2% over a period. semi-skilled mechanics etc. Therefore.100% 50% 0% 1 2.

The sampled industries demonstrate their intentions to expand the worker base across the skilled. The number of vacancies reported by the sampled employers for the skilled. The skilled female workforce gets an amount which is lesser than the semi-skilled and unskilled workforce of males. One could observe a similar requirement in the skilled daily wage labor requirement and unskilled contract based requirements. The difference in the wage structure in semi-skilled category to unskilled and semi-skilled to skilled was considerably high. Apparently the number of semi-skilled 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 workers category has grown over two times but Unskilled Semi-Skilled Skilled the need for unskilled contract/ daily wage Figure 109 Status of workforce in terms of initial. A clear distinction could be observed in the preference of only skilled workers for the contract and daily wage worker category as the industries felt the low cost module works better in a capital scenario and incurs less cost in on job training. As reported by industries since industry establishment.5.7 Projected Workforce Demand There has been certain increase in the number of full time skilled workers 127 60 Required Strength over a period of time by 24 close to 4%. though majority of the industries 95 interviewed still feel the 50 Current Strength 14 requirement of unskilled workers over the skilled 120 workers for their full time 25 Initial strength 10 roles. also indicated high potential for absorption of workers in this category. In semi-skilled workforce had witnessed rise in engagement since industry inception. semi-skilled and unskilled categories majorly in daily or contract based laborers. 206 . they were mainly relying on unskilled workforce as this category had the largest workforce and high potential to absorb unskilled workers in the near future. This clearly validates the mindset of the industry houses to engage less skilled workers.6. semi-skilled and unskilled categories of workers indicated unequal proportion and reflected that skilled workforce had least demand and unskilled workforce had maximum demand. current and required strength laborers was across sample industries of Churu phenomenally very high.

These projections account till 2017 of the district. The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall be used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings. Hardware & Home Furnishings Leather & Leather Goods IT or software ITES. Basis on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the Workforce projections made across different categories highlight these distribution pattern. secondary and tertiary sectors Churu The district continues to be pro-agrarian in nature and shall engage close to 70% of the workforce in primary sector followed by services sector (16%) and then industries engaging 14% of the total workforce.Sectors Unskilled semiskilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled semiskilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled semiskilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled semiskilled Skilled Total Demand 2010-11 464751 37887 2526 505164 45806 21141 3524 70470 17658 41202 58859 117719 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Agricultural Sector 520990 553154 583440 42472 2831 566293 48502 22385 3731 74618 18886 44067 62953 125907 2014-15 610525 49771 3318 663614 50731 23414 3902 78048 20768 48458 69226 138452 2015-16 649545 52952 3530 706027 51991 23996 3999 79986 21596 50390 71986 143971 2016-17 675343 55055 3670 734069 52671 24310 4052 81032 22109 51587 73696 147392 % of Manpo wer Require ments 45094 47563 3006 3171 601254 634174 Industry Sector 48471 50350 22371 23239 3729 3873 74570 77462 Services Sector 19584 20320 45695 47413 65279 67733 130558 135466 70% 14% 16% 528214 100230 64909 693353 588378 108925 69516 766818 All Sectors 621208 113160 72014 806382 654111 118215 74777 847103 682024 121644 76447 880114 723131 127338 79515 929984 750123 130952 81418 962492 100% Table 71 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary. The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: Sectors Automobiles & Auto Components Food processing Electronics Hardware Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden & paper) Textile & Garments Building.BPO Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled 207 .

Insurance & Finance Healthcare Machinery. Electricals & Manufacturing Mining. Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement Table 72 Workforce across various sectors by 2017.Churu 5. The situation of skill gap for the district for 2010-11 to 201617 based on projections is represented in the table below (assumptions set in the annexure _ Projection Model):- 208 . The analysis would factor in industry linkages with vocational training institutes. Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Organized Retail Real Estate Media. Entertainment.Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Gems & Jewellery Tourism.6. content creation.8 Skill Gap Analysis The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument. structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill requirements of the industries identified in the district on the basis of manpower absorption and production in high growth industries in the district. employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging. animation Education/ Skill Development Banking.

Other emerging industries like PVC pipes.6. forward and backward linkages.9 Youth Aspirations The study of the perceptions.Sectors Unskilled Semi-skilled Skilled Workforce Demand & Supply Gap 201020112012201311 12 13 14 189193 47873 21425 249328 51749 25954 281599 53330 26217 313308 55198 27543 201415 340377 56079 27183 201516 381004 58286 28864 201617 407018 59310 28691 Table 73 Representation of project & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017ted Skilled/ Semi-skilled As per the in-depth interviews conducted with senior functionaries of industry associations. financial training along with basic life skills would be the key differentiators. district officials and observations. and government programmes like Khadi Gramudyog Programme and called Aksaht Kaushal aid by providing subsidy. handicrafts and textiles etc. Private VTIs even lacked the basic course quality post training. Major employment would be perceived IT/ITES (COPA). Interview schedules (60 youths) and FGD with youths in college were used to draw inferences of their thought process. Scope of self-employment and entrepreneurship in the district remains on a high. 5. water. All the resources were easily available like the land. The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to understand the perceptions of youth. power and investment but some shortage in skilled manpower was observed. Knowledge of market networks. aspirations and perceptions. why they think the way they do and how does society respond to their hopes. the need and dependence for skilled manpower by the local small scale industries was not well pronounced. The trained person does not meet the requirement of the industries since they have lack of practical experience as VTIs have more theoretical classes and less practical training which is sufficient for getting the certificate and enter the government services only but private organization requires more practical experienced people. aspirations. attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Jaipur district to understand what the youth think. The in-depth 209 . wooden products. textile goods. engineering based manufacturing industries etc. their aspirations mapped against their attitudes to take up sustainable livelihoods work. agri-based food processing units etc. The VTIs are not fulfilling the needs of the industries. look promising to enhance wage based livelihood generation. Demand for skilled workforce (semi-skilled) would be increasing over next three to five years keeping in mind the increasing investment pattern of the district in the MSME for last five years. Some of the important findings were as follows:Situation was conducive enough to support industrial growth in Churu. Skilled training targeting some of the important clusters of Churu would be necessary like skill training on handloom industries.

unemployed and trainees (as shown in the table above). self-employed. 60% of the youth covered were college educated and 40% had completed/ drop out from high school education. computer applications.interactions were held with 60 respondents across the various categories of youth had given rich information and understanding on their aspirations and perceptions. Youth Category Employed Self employed Unemployed Trainees 10 10 20 20 Table 74 Youth Profile of sample in Churu Self employed youth profile Unemployed youth profile 5% 10% 10% 70% 10% 37% 32% 26% Electrician Fitter Electronic work shop Mech diesel Copa Electrical Electronics Mech (diesel) Figure 110 Profile of respondents (self-employed and unemployed) by trade in sample of Churu Among the respondents covered under the survey the course of electrician was one of the most preferred one followed by COPA in sample of youths under self employed and unemployed categories. All the respondents were covered from registered VTIs for relevance in skilling initiatives of the state government. The average age of the respondents was 26 years with majority (60%) interviewed at private centres and 40% at goveremnt VTIs. 210 . Youths preference for self-employed courses in similar trades of electrician. The youth were covered from the categories of employed. mobile repairer. There were peer learning practices observed among the trainees in order to understand additional skill apart from the one they specialize on. fitter and mechanic was evident but in varying proportion. These trades appear to be the most popular trades as per the perceived demand in the market. There was general consensus regarding better self-employment opportunity in electrician and mobile repairer.

43 7. 9250 There were pronounced needs for further advanced training provided for up-skilling and basic skilling in computer applications. The capability of VTIs faculty members and the utility 13333 of these training were among the most perceived 14000 thoughts among the group of youths. 4000/month as skilled workforce among 60% of the sampled youth.65 Assessment of overall skill level Utility of vocational training received Satisfaction Access to VT Capability of Availability of Satisfaction with VT Institutions VT latest with institutions in own Institution's technologies monetary in providing district faculty in and returns skills teaching equipment received skills for VT Need for further advanced training Figure 111 Churu Youth’s perception. Expected monthly salaries required a change of atleast Rs.03 7. Churu 211 .37 7. 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 Current Monthly Income (Avg) Expected Monthly Income (Avg) Monthly Income (Avg) Figure 112 Income current and expected.55 5.18 6.10 Youth’s Perception 7.30 7. 60% of the respondents did not receive any increment.sample group.57 7.6. need and aspirations –Sample Group Satisfaction with current monetary returns and need for advanced training emerged as the two leading factors identified by the respondents as the key to better skilling initiatives of the district.5.

212 . The semi-skilled workforce shall be the backbone of the district by getting engaged in large number of SSIs of the district. The preliminary gap finding.Churu Skill Eco-system 2017 The high priority sector which shall need maximum number of semi-skilled workforce and less of skilled shall be the resource based industries of the district. and plaster of paris etc. industries.11 Optimization Plan The optimization plan would be structured at three tier level of district.6. food processing. The overall scenario of the state would finally give major leads to apex bodies like NSDC for formulation of state specific portfolios to suit the requirements and address the future needs of the state in the skilled workforce. state and NSDC. Training partners from specific experience in food processing and wooden based enterprise building (linkages) should be encouraged for dedicated proposals by NSDC with incentives. projection and analysis would be presented at every district level which would in turn determine the action plan of the state as represented in the below diagram. This shall include the marble and stone polishing. wooden and furniture industries cement. repair industries etc. Figure 113 Optimization plan. The demand based industries shall engage more of skilled resources in data processing.5.

7 District Jalore 213 .5.

71 lakhs 214 .- - - - - - - - 0.

latitude is 25. Secondary 11 Higher Education / Others Colleges ITI Polytechnic population of 18. 22nd and 21st respectively) which pulls the district on overall HDI ranking to the lower side of the state.5. It was observed that though the district fares quiet low on education.1 degrees Celsius and rainfall of just 41. health and income index (31st.Provisional). 2011. It stands 29th on the Human Development Index (0.640 km2 (4.67% of the state population) 215 .73 706 4130 18860 1646 1078 326 08 2 0 6 Literacy (except 0-6 age group) Total literate Men Women 8 Energy Electrified Villages 9 Industries (DIC.9mm. As per provisional census 2011 data. It has an average elevation of 292 m (958 ft).108 sq mi).7.a snapshot (2.30 lakhs Table 75 Jalore District Profile. With just 172 the density of population in the state ranks at 27 (Census.48 N and longitude is 75. 2009) Registered MSME units Employed persons 10 Education Pre Primary & Primary Schools Upper Primary Secondary & Sr.83 38. Jalore accounts for S.n o Section Unit Quantity / Value 1 LOCATION Latitude Longitude 2 AREA Total geographical area 3 ADMINISTRATION Tehsil Villages 4 Land Use Pattern Total Area Total Irrigated area 5 Population (census 2011.527) and 28th on the GDI (0.430). The main river of the district is Sukri. The altitude is 268 meters.58 E. a tributary of Luni river.11 % of the area of the state. It ranks as the 12th largest district of the state covering 3. provisional) Total population Men Women SC (2001) ST (2001) degree degree min min sq km number number Hectare Hectare s s number number number number number percent percent percent number number number numbe numbe r numbe r r numbe numbe r numbe r r 25o48' N 75o58' E 10640 07 801 1056602 290809 1830151 937918 892233 261315 126799 55.1 Demographic Profile: Jalore district is surrounded by Barmer on the North-West.58 71. The climate of the district is of extremes with average temperature difference of 35. The total area of the district is 10. Sirohi on the South-East. Pali on the North-East and Banaskantha district of Gujarat on the South-Western part of Rajasthan.

2008) with primary sector engaging close to 77. 1600 1400 1200 A total of over 3200 students enroll in various institutes at 1000 colleges & ITI.with sex ratio of 951 (compared to 2001 census figure of 964) which still is on the higher side of the state ratio of 926. arts and 326 400 commerce. The worker participation rate in Jalore was 50.19% (HDI. The supply constraint in case of education infrastructure was evident as per reports of 1646 1800 Rajasthan HDI report. Colleges. 2008 According to Census 2011 provisional Jalore has a total of Table 76 Jalore vs. As per the updated report available on Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 02 partners (includes 01 ITI and 01 KVK) implementing skilling initiatives with 04 approved programs (03 are completed). courses are available 600 in the area of science.31 for 200111) showing trends of population stabilization.31.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization Jalore’s status in literacy was marked lower than the state Education Jalore Rajasthan average but also marked as the lowest for the state with just Pre Primary 49546 1646 55. A total of just above 150 &Primary Primary aspirants got enrolled in 2009-10 Figure 114 Number of Schools. teachers and enrolment. the male literacy figure stands at 71.58 and female literacy marking the lowest as 38. The retention rate of students in schools of Jalore is quiet low which also contributes to the drop in literacy rates and status of education. Jalore district therefore was rated as one of the lowest literate districts of the state and at nation as well.06.51.83% and female literacy was at a low of 38.58 which is far lower than the state figure of 67. Rajasthan education status 3050 schools from pre-primary to senior secondary levels with DISE reports stating that close to 50% remain less functional for major portions of academic year due to various reasons.73% & Rural. ITI & Polytechnic.73. 5. There was a marginal decrease in the decadal growth of population (26.73. There were just a total 200 8 2 of two registered vocational 0 training institutes in Jalore district Pre Primary Upper Sec/ Sr Sec colleges ITI (02 ITI). In rural areas the participation rate is higher than the urban by close to 20% (Urban. 2009-10. A detailed view of the vocational training of Jalore could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the 1078 216 .5% in secondary & tertiary sectors. Jalore &Primary faces real time constraints in terms of basic schooling Upper Primary 38889 1078 infrastructure.Jalore in the registered training institutes. 2008.50% of the workforce and rest 22.47%). Jalore has also been Sec/ Sr Sec 19135 326 among the districts with high drop-out rates as per HDI. At the intermediate 800 college level. Rajasthan. The literacy rate of Jalore in 2011 is 55.7. According to Census 2011 provisional data.

Jalore The total 03 VTIs (02 government+0 1 private) were covered in the sample as there were only three available for the survey. The government VTIs and private VTIs sampled for the study offer 4 different trades for training. The owners of these are in need of economical. b) Sales Persons: Sales and Marketing has emerged as one of the trades where the demand from industry whether it is cement. It appears popularity of trades like wireman in government VTIs 217 . VTI Trades COPA Fitter Welder Wireman Private VTI Trades Electrical Mechanic (Diesel) Wireman Housekeeping Table 77 Details of Courses offered in the Government. Although the companies prefer persons either having higher qualifications or are from the related educational background there is still ample scope for the youths who will be trained in this field c) Repair Services: The numbers of electronic and electrical based equipment are on a rise in Jalore. In private VTIs the courses were more male oriented and 1 of the 04 courses offered was preferred by the women. Also.3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Jalore district The existing scenario of VTIs in Jalore was certainly on the lower side considering the number of youths passing out and the existing vocational training institutes in the district. The courses which were offered by the government VTIs were predominantly self-employment based or to cater the local market needs. scope of placement and livelihood. Wireman trade was the common trade and therefore a total of just 07 trades were on offer from the sampled institutes. The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Jalore are represented as follows: Government. efficient easy access to repair and maintenance which can be easily produced in local economy through skilling The government VTIs interviewed in the survey was two and one was from the private. preference of the youth for these trades. & Private VTIs (Sample). Private players have not yet ventured in a big way eventually leaving a vast scope for skilled intervention of the district and catering the needs for skilling youths of the district in fields as follows: a) Computer Based Accountancy and computer operators: With number of small scale industries coming up in the region the educated youth having the basic education levels could be engaged in computer courses for accountancy (VAT & TALLY) and data entry operators for industries and government development projects.7.various trades across the VTIs. the wiring and fitting of household electric equipment is on the rise. banks/insurance or agro based products firms which are growing by the day. 5.

000/month and Rs. 6500/month respectively. Commuting facility for the aspirants in all private and government VTIs was a good initiative and different from many other districts surveyed. The highest placement percentage recorded was for Electrical course. All the VTIs claimed to have updated technologies. 8. faculties and equipment. An overview of placement records by trade in the government and private VTIs indicate moderate prospects in all most all of the trades with the exception of COPA in government and housekeeping trades in private VTIs. A quick reference could be drawn on the infrastructure and availability of vocational training to the youth of Jalore was far too limited. 8000 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 6000 4600 6500 0 0 0 Figure 115 Jalore district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government and private VTIs Most of these trades majorly catered for the needs of more unorganized sectors. While placements of trainees from the government and private VTIs was more through a proactive approach to the industry by the VTIs and the trainees themselves. equipped labs. Though some of the trainees from private VTI got their placement through employment exchanges but overall its role is more or less nullified over the years of non-function. The staffing in these institutes were marked understaffed in aspects 218 .(as the difference between the sanctioned and actual seats in the existing batches was low in both the government and private VTIs). no significant role was played by employment exchange. More often the courses provided were less oriented for direct placement in the market rather introduced the aspirants for self-employment for males and as another home based know how for females. Average salary/trainee indicated good prospect for diesel mechanic followed by electronics trade as VTIs have reported that their trainee got placement of Rs. electricity and water supply. It appears in the government and private VTIs. and space for conducting the training. The selection of course design and other influencing factors for finalization of courses by the VTI functionaries were more or less determined by the availability of facilities. The COPA course though shows high potential in the market but enrolment from the institutes was nil (on records). Almost all of them did not have hostel facility for girls (one for boys in private VTI). the number of actual trainees compared to the number of approved number of trainees is more or less same across all most all the trades.

And fourth phase is been proposed at Bagra. Lalpura. Jalore has a wide potential in industrial sector that has to be exploited properly. Degaon. Jelatara.4 Industry Mapping Jalore is called Granite Capital of Rajasthan. the private VTIs were well staffed. Here nearly 400 granite units working. In Jalore to help and guide new industrial units District Industry Centre.These crops are grown in Bhinma. The Granite industry has developed significantly over a period. RIICO has developed 4 industrial areas in Jalore district viz Jalore. MSME in Jalore According to D. This area may accommodate nearly 500 new industrial units. Cement Industry is also feasible here.Sanchore and Bhinmal.12353. Gundau. Raniwara Dairy. Handloom work is done at Leta. Agro Based Industry. gypsum. Animal husbandry and forest produce are also feasible. Here industry and commercial activities were encouraged. Isabgol. District has only one Medium Scale Industry. 2012). District has developed 7 industrial areas. Other Industry – Sanchore tehsil is connected with national highway and nearer to Gujarat state. 5. Sayla and Sanchore area mostly. Arandi. Bhatip.dealing in academics & managerial positions in government set-ups whereas.Jalore is also an agriculture based area. here Mustard (Raida). Here Arandi Oil Mill. and Rajasthan Khadi Gramodyog Board offices were established.Rajasthan Finance Corpn(RFC). These industries have a capital investment of Rs. Vodha. Granite stone is finished here. Khara.Tomato. Pur. Bhinmal is famous for its Leather traditional footwear (Juti). guar gum process industry could also be established. Also has a dairy to its credit. Isabgol processing unit and tomato Ketchup units can be created. In Jalore City RIICO has established 3 phase industrial areas. it is famous for its high quality lakhaa granite. 219 . where colorful granite Tiles of 20 types are produced.C data (March. were available here in ample amounts.7. Vasandevda. Plaster of Paris based industry. The following resource based industries have a good potential:Granite based Industry – Arawali mountain range is spread throughout the district giving a wide range of granite stone. 900 Bighaa of land area has been under planning. Jalore-Sirohi Milk Cooperative Society Ltd.RIICO. Engineering Units – Due to availability of granite concrete and raw material and availability of labor Iron based mechanical big-small units can be developed.I. guar gum etc. there were around 5282 MSME units set up in the district which were registered in D.C. Bishangadh .91 lakhs providing employment to 17258 persons. Matira Mungfali are produced .I.

5 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Jalore District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the 20 high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below.10 3837 2120 526 1600 220 .37 14462 4524 4524 2009 9145. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis shall be made on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment. the number of units as well. metals and minerals and manufacturing.35 Employment 987 480 1808 250 220 15. employment and thus.72 39.37 5855.09 17258 Figure 116 MSME trend analysis of the district Jalore There has been a constant increasing trend in the investment of industries.84 10.91 11373. One of the leather clusters of Rajasthan is at Bhinmal of Jalore district.09 16564 5080 5080 5282 2012 12353.82 13735 4344 2008 7770.96 2.40000 35000 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 Investment (Rs. 5. This would necessarily factor in the concentration of SSI as the major parameter (due to small number of large scale industries) and would also represent any new sector other than the listed sectors existing in Jalore.7.77 10581. The main existing industries are leather based. employment and numbers. agri based.03 12353.91 17258 5282 13735 7770. District /Sectors Agriculture & Allied Auto & Auto Components Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Food Processing Furniture & Furnishing Leather & leather goods Textile & Handloom Unorganized Sector Building Construction & Real Estates Education & Skill Development Healthcare IT & ITES Units 232 Investment (Rs lakhs) 2322.77 15210 4701 4701 2010 10581.03 15825 4879 4879 2011 11373. in Lacs) Employment (Numbers) Registered units (Numbers) 4344 2007 5855.82 14462 15210 15825 16564 9145.

leather and textiles. General Managers. Leather & Leather Goods 221 . Cutting & Polishing as shown in the table. as daily wagers. investment> 30. The industries sampled were performing without Textile & Handloom any gap in production except the Tourism. Hospitality & Trade packaging industry which was running short of skilled manpower. 2007 There have been many MSME coming up in the district engaging the semi-skilled workforce. Table 79 Break-up of industries in Jalore (Sample study) All the sampled firms had some popular worker welfare schemes such as ESI scheme. Housing scheme and provision of food for their workers. furniture and manufacturing sector.21 7016 328 18. Health scheme. Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging 812 139.emp>1000 Units>100.Tourism. households etc. mines & minerals. etc. medium and small covering Machinery. These functionaries represented different levels of management as Partners. Travel.5% of MSME from 2007-2012 with investment doubling itself but the employment fold has just risen by 25% which suggests the nature of operations of the industries set up largely engage less human resources. ware housing & packaging Mines. emp>750 Units> 10. Hospitality & Trade Transportation. investment>1000. There has been an increase of close to 21. Electricals & Manufacturing various growth sectors of the district Stone Querying. In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set up stratified sample of 14 industries was selected (depending on the availability of respondents’ of the employer group set up). Sectors covered under sample survey These industries were selected from large. Directors. HR Managers. Some of the major employment engagement in the district happens in the sectors of metals. The sample of employers consisted of functionaries from diverse industries located in Jalore district of Rajasthan. A substantially good number of workforce (15%) form the services backbone of the district and are engaged in various industries. emp>30 Investment & demand based sectors of districtDIC Table 78 Sector wise mapping of industries in Jalore as per DIC report. PF scheme.95 2194 Units>200. Metals & Minerals Machinery. Travel. investment>200. Logistics.

8 3 4 Productivity & Efficiency Leather & Leather Goods Textile & Handloom Machinery. the increase in the share of secondary and tertiary has been quiet insignificant for the same period. Engagement in secondary and tertiary sector shows an increasing trend as per the industrial growth of the district though very marginal in nature but the industrial plan looks more promising for the years to come. Jalore lies in arid Thar region.80% to 77.4 3 4 Loyalty 4 4 3. There is distinct trend observed in the workforce engaged as laborers & wage earners who get engaged as land labourers. Cutting & Polishing Figure 117 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Jalore) industries demand for unskilled workforce more than double of that of semi-skilled workforce requirement clearly illustrating the model of low-cost unorganized form of labour utilization in the sector. textiles and leather hold thekey to future employment for the district Jalore. There has been declining trend of workforce share in primary sector from 84.7. Electricals & Manufacturing Tourism. Therefore.4 4 3 Learning & Development 3 4 3.5. helpers. The granite related 20 4 15 10 5 0 Skills 4 3. The requirement for semi-skilled workforce was higher than the skilled workforce. 222 . Looking at the present resources and skill set of the workforce tiles and stones. cleaners. Other parameters were closely rated as shown in the figure showing the employer’s expectations. semi-skilled mechanics etc. Travel. In terms of industries’ requirements and the market trends the primary survey provides the major demand in terms of expectations from the employers were loyalty towards work and least scaled was importance of enhancing skills.2 4 3 3 3 3. Hospitality & Trade Stone Querying. Majority of the workforce has been engaged in subsistence agriculture and remains idle for the bulk period of the year.8 4 4 Aspirations Career Growth 4 4 3.50% from 1991-2001.6 Workforce Demand and Supply The major workforce participation observed in Jalore district over a period of two decades has been majorly as cultivators/ agricultural laborers and has had a decline by 7% over a period.

Apparently the number of semiskilled workers category has grown by 66% but the need for unskilled contract/ daily wage laborers was phenomenally very high. current and required strength across sample industries of Jalore Sectors Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled Total demand 2010-11 418024 34078 2272 454374 39207 18096 3016 60319 13308 31052 44360 88720 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Agricultural Sector 419185 402679 407915 34173 2278 455636 41655 19225 3204 64085 13984 32630 46614 93229 2014-15 424931 34641 2309 461881 44080 20345 3391 67816 15188 35438 50626 101252 2015-16 415311 33857 2257 451425 45253 20886 3481 69621 15621 36449 52070 104139 2016-17 418451 34113 2274 454838 45978 21220 3537 70735 15966 37254 53219 106439 % of manpower Requirement 32827 33254 2188 2217 437694 443386 Industry Sector 41802 43501 19293 20077 3216 3346 64311 66925 Services Sector 14327 14823 33429 34588 47755 49411 95511 98822 72% 11% 17% 223 . Figure 118 Status of workforce in terms of initial.7 Projected Workforce Demand There has been certain increase in the number of full time skilled workers over a period of time by close to 25%. This clearly validates the mindset of the industry houses to engage less skilled workers and increase the intake of semi-skilled workers. The sampled industries demonstrate their intentions to expand the worker base across the skilled.7.5. though majority of the industries interviewed still feel the requirement of unskilled workers over the skilled workers for their full 135 Required Strength 92 17 63 Current Stregth 50 15 138 Initial Strength 31 10 0 50 100 150 Unskilled Semi-Skilled Skilled time roles. A clear distinction could be observed in the preference of only skilled workers for the contract and daily wage worker category as the industries felt the low cost module works better in a capital scenario and incurs less cost in on job training. One could observe a similar requirement in the skilled daily wage labor requirement and unskilled contract based requirements. semi-skilled and unskilled categories majorly in daily or contract based laborers.

Hardware & Home Furnishings Leather & Leather Goods IT or software ITES. structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill 224 .Jalore Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled 5.7. The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall be used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings. Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Education/ Skill Development Banking. The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: Sectors Automobiles & Auto Components Food processing Electronics Hardware Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden & paper) Textile & Garments Building.BPO Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Tourism.8 Skill Gap Analysis The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument. Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement Table 81 Workforce across various sectors by 2017. secondary and tertiary sectorsJalore Basis on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the workforce projections were made across different categories. Insurance & Finance Healthcare Machinery.Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled Total Demand 470539 83226 49648 603413 474825 86028 52097 612950 All Sectors 458808 466240 85549 87919 53159 54974 597516 609133 484199 90424 56326 630949 476185 91192 57808 625185 480394 92587 59030 632011 100% Table 80 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary. Electricals & Manufacturing Mining.

Stone cutting & polishing shall be considered as the emerging sectors. There are three industrial areas named Phase-I. The VTIs are not fulfilling the needs of the industries. Some of the important findings were as follows:Situation is conducive enough to support industrial growth in Jalore. Manpower requirement of government establishments would also be providing sustainable livelihoods if addressed properly. Demand for skilled workforce (semi-skilled) would be increasing over next three to five years keeping in mind the increasing investment pattern of the district in the MSME for last five years.000 youths by 2017. Phase-II & Phase-III and one Industrial area under development. Availability of skilled man power is a major problem so many of the local industries does not get required skilled manpower. Scope of self-employment and entrepreneurship in the district remains on a high. The trained person does not meet the requirement of the industries since they have lack of practical experience as VTIs have more theoretical classes and less practical training which is sufficient for getting the certificate and enter the government services only but private organization requires more practical experienced people. Currently lands allocations are handled by RIICO. Workforce Demand & Supply Gap 201020112012201311 12 13 14 154668 31889 19981 133365 30183 20333 155250 31956 21101 158008 32353 21623 Sectors Unskilled Semi-skilled Skilled 201415 150917 31505 21711 201516 155251 31862 22266 201617 161889 32331 22667 Table 82 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 The incremental demand for skilled and semi-skilled workforces gives a gap of over 2 lakh. Investments are good.requirements of the industries identified in the district on the basis of manpower absorption and production in high growth industries in the district. Water is sufficient & supply of power is also uninterrupted. granites & Plaster of Paris industries. the significance would be to target training to atleast 55. 225 . Major employment would be perceived in stones. Land for establishment of industries is not a problem. Keeping in mind the high rate of workforce participation from unskilled masses. As per the in-depth interviews conducted with senior functionaries of industry associations. the need and dependence for skilled manpower by the local small scale industries was not well pronounced. Private VTIs even lacked the basic course quality post training. district officials and observations. The analysis factored in industry linkages with vocational training institutes. employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging. MGNREGA contributes to the skill gap and availability of workforce for the industries.

7.10 Youth’s Perception Satisfaction with current monetary returns and need for advanced training emerged as the two least important factors identified by the respondents as the key to better skilling initiatives of the district. self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Jalore Among the respondents. inclination towards wiremen course was found very high as around 65% of the youth reported that they had chosen wiremen as a preferred trade during his/her training at VTI. aspirations and perceptions. The in-depth interactions were held with 60 respondents across the various categories of youth had given rich information and understanding on their aspirations and Youth Category perceptions. 60% of the youth covered were college Trainees educated and 40% had completed/ drop out from high school Table 83 Youth Profile of sample in Jalore education. 5.9 Youth Aspirations The study of the perceptions. The capability of VTIs faculty members and the utility of these training were among the most perceived thoughts among the group of youths. most sought.3% attended high school education. their aspirations mapped against their attitudes to take up sustainable livelihoods work. unemployed and trainees (as shown in the Unemployed 20 table above). 226 .7. 20 self-employed. Similarly. why they think the way they do and how does society respond to their hopes. Employed Self employed 10 10 Preferred Trade for Training 15% 15% 65% 5% Electrical Fitter Welder Wireman Work done as a Self employee 10% 30% 40% 10% 10% 5% Trade Profile of Unemployed Youth 15% 40% 25% 15% Fitter Turner Wireman Moter winder Welder Electrical Mech (diesel) Fitter Plumber Figure 119 Profile of respondents (trainee. attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Jaipur district to understand what the youth think. welder and electrical were the courses most sought by the self-employed and unemployed youth.7% were college educated and 63.e. 15%. The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to understand the perceptions of youth.5. All the respondents were covered from registered VTIs for relevance in skilling initiatives of the state government. The reason for the same seems to be the demand for this course in the market. trade was fitter and electrical i. aspirations. Second. Interview schedules (60 youths) and FGD with youths in college were used to draw inferences of their thought process. The average age of the respondents was 26 years with 36. The youth were covered from the categories of employed.

10. 5. Polytechnic.7. ITC. semi-skilled and unskilled segment of the workforce requirement across sectors for skilled training by creating additional 15 skill development centres (VTIs) in the district level of operations by 2017.) and the sector wise institutions/industries.Skill Development Eco System-Jalore The key stakeholders’ contribution in enabling to achieve the target (as shown in the figure) would be as follows: a) State: The state to target the skilled. Figure 120 Optimization plan. projection and analysis highlights the requirement of 0. The preliminary gap finding. It should encourage the private training partners to participate and operate in the district due to its large base of workers involved in secondary and tertiary sectors. institutions of training (VTI.75 lakh of skilled and semi-skilled demand. colleges etc. The supply stricken area of skilled workforce may also be a leading cause for the better initial average salary post training. Training institutions and the basic infrastructure for skilling suggests for more number of institutes (from various training capabilities) at Jalore district level which would in turn determine the linkages with the industries and institutions from various sectors as shown in the diagram below.11 Optimization Plan The optimization plan would be structured at three tier level of district comprising of target segment (skilled. 227 .There were higher points given for assessment of the overall skill levels attained post training and it was evident by the average salary which stands out to be Rs. semi-skilled and unskilled). ITI.400/ month.

The requirement of trained professionals for educational institutes and rural development state projects could also be explored. life skills and basics in computer should also be the key areas of skill development. It could also play an important role in leading the training models financed by banks (local banks) for sustainable development. mines and minerals. transport and logistics etc. services (more generic services in logistics. insurance. c) Industries: The primary sectors of high human resource requirement would be services and hospitality. small restaurants. 228 .b) Training Partners: The sectors for engaging more skilled workforce would be in construction. Along with these. insurance and grameen banks) and textiles in the district. transport. education and other marketing opportunities. ancillary industries related to manufacturing. specific course curriculum designed for communicative English. and therefore would require increasing linkages with the related institutions for skilled workforce absorption NSDC would be an enabler to lead the training partners in textiles and services by encouraging specifically designed proposals with increasing the linkages in industry associations and PPP models. sales in the textile.

7 District Kota 229 .5.

- - - - - - - - 230 .

It was observed that the district fares quiet high on education and income index (01st & 04th 231 .Provisional). Secondary Higher Education / Others Colleges ITI Polytechnic 2 3 degree min degree min square km number number Hectares Hectares number number number number number percent percent percent number number number number number number number number number 25 18' N o 75 83' E 5198 5 874 521324 252536 1950491 1023153 927338 300555 151969 77. provisional) Total population Men Women SC (2001) ST (2001) Literacy (except 0-6 age group) Total literate Men Women Energy Electrified Villages Industries (DIC. wheat. pulses. 2011. coriander and oilseeds are grown. The city is the trade centre for an area in which millet. industries include cotton and oilseed milling. fertilizers. S.48 87.570). with chemical.52 % of the area of the state. textile weaving.8. 2009) Registered MSME units Employed persons Education Pre Primary & Primary Schools Upper Primary Secondary & Sr. Kota is one of the industrial hubs in northern India. engineering and power plants based there. Kota lies along the banks of the Chambal river. Situated on the banks of Chambal River. distilling.787) and 03rd on the GDI (0. dairying. With 374 the density of population in the state ranks at 07 (Census. The city of Kota is situated at a center of the southeastern region of Rajasthan a very region widely known as Hadoti the land of the Hadas.a snapshot district of the state covering 1.5. It has an average elevation of 271 m (889 ft). and has been identified as a counter-magnet city for the National Capital Region to attract migrants and develop as an alternative centre of growth to Delhi. chemicals and engineering equipment. Kota is on a high sloping tableland forming a part of the Malwa Plateau. rice. Jaipur. manufacture of metal handcrafts.63 66. It stands 02nd on the Human Development Index (0.32 841 8251 26951 721 965 662 32 06 02 o 4 5 6 8 9 10 11 It ranks as the 24th largest Table 84 Kota District Profile.1 Demographic Profile: Kota is located 240 kilometers south of state capital.no Section Unit Quantity/ Value 1 LOCATION Latitude Longitude AREA Total geographical area ADMINISTRATION Tehsil Villages Land Use Pattern Total Area Total Irrigated area Population (census 2011. The historical places and temples are getting surrounded with signs of modern development.

Education has become a major part of the city's economy. one private dental collage.5 lakhs (2. 2009-10Kota with PG diploma and management courses in a major way. In rural areas the participation rate is higher than the urban by close to 12% (Urban. 600 and a medical college. Colleges. The Government 500 400 College of Kota is the largest 300 200 32 government-run college in the state of 6 6 4 2 100 0 Rajasthan under University of Kota. courses are available in the area of science.48 which is the highest for the state and higher than the state figure of 67.32.40% in secondary & tertiary sectors. the male literacy figure stands at 87.40. As per the updated report available on Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 14 partners (includes NGOs.60% of the workforce and rest 58.000 students enroll in various institutes at colleges ITI & polytechnic. six 1000 900 engineering colleges. Students from all over India come to study in Kota and prepare particularly for the IIT-JEE and AIPMT. At the intermediate college level. As per provisional census 2011 data. a number of MBA Institutes.8. 2008) with primary sector engaging close to 41. its due to the health index (11th) which pulls the district on overall HDI ranking to second. attracting hundreds of thousand students every year. arts and commerce. 5. The private institutes have come up Figure 121 Number of Schools.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization Kota’s status in literacy was marked the highest and higher than the state average but also marked by the highest female literacy. Kota has three major universities: Rajasthan Technical University University of Kota Vardhman Mahaveer Open University. The literacy rate of Kota in 2011 is 77.63% and female literacy was at a state highest of 66. There was a decrease in the decadal growth of population of 4. Kota accounts for population of 19. ITIs. The worker participation rate in Kota is 34.88%).97% & Rural. According to Census 2011 provisional data. 15 general 721 800 662 700 colleges.2% showing trends of population stabilization.28. It has become a hub for coaching for Engineering and Medical Entrance examinations.51% (HDI.06.respectively). ITI & Polytechnic.84% of the state population) with sex ratio of 906 (compared to 2001 census figure of 896) which still is on the lower side of the state ratio of 926. A detailed view of the vocational 232 . A total of over 21. Rajasthan education status It also has one government medical college. 965 Education Pre Primary &Primary Upper Primary Sec/ Sr Sec Kota Rajasthan 721 965 662 49546 38889 19135 Table 85 Kota vs. government college) implementing skilling initiatives with 28 approved programs (20 are completed). Rajasthan.

Therefore. it was 05 courses in the ITC. the gap between the actual and approved strengths of trainees was more or less same across all trades in private VTIs. 5.2 VTI’s demand across various trades The existing scenario of VTIs in Kota is on the higher side considering the number of youths passing out. and seeking employment as skilled workforce. In the ITIs. The survey was carried out in 10 sample VTIs (5 ITI & 5 ITC). These courses were predominantly self-employment based or to cater the local market needs. the scope for skilled intervention of the district and catering the needs for skilling youths of the district in fields of requirement and demand as per market shall be the need of the hour to address the skill shortage. the number of graduates and aspirants from ITI & polytechnics are also on the higher side compared to other districts of the state. the difference between actual trainees compared to the number of approved number of trainees was varying from 0 to 38 across various courses. The government VTIs sampled for the study offer 14 different trades for training while the private VTIs offer 05 trades. As observed from the secondary data. The government VTIs/ ITI provided 14 different courses in training whereas. preference of the youth for these trades.training of Kota could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs. It appears that COE (Chemical) was the most popular trade in ITIs whereas electrical in ITCs. Private players have ventured in a big way but occupied the formal education (coaching) space for the state and even cater for the nation as well. In private VTIs the courses were more male oriented and 1 of the 06 courses offered was preferred by the women.8. Electrical is most 233 . scope of placement and livelihood. The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Jaipur are represented as follows: Private VTI Trades (ITC) COPA COPA Cutting & Sewing Fitter Electrical Mechanic (Diesel) Motor Mechanic Turner Welder Government VTI Trades (ITI) Steno Hindi HSC (Health & Skin Care) Fashion Technology Fitter Wireman Food & Vegetables Processor Embroidery & Needle Work Electronics COE (Chemical) Mechanic (Diesel) Table 86 Kota district’s (sample study) courses offered The total 10 VTIs (05 government+0 5 private) were covered in the sample. On the other hand.

The poor placement percentage was also due to the fact that the enrolment of aspirants in some of the courses of the ITI was nil in the last year (10 out of 14 trades in government VTIs.5 25 15.6 17. It may be due to the fact that most of the other trade trainees seek self-employment.1 14.000.preferred trade in Kota as private VTIs are offering around 5 times seats in electrical trade as compare to batches of other courses provided running to optimum strength.Rs. had no enrolment last year). the private VTIs depended on both campus interviews and through a proactive approach to the industry for placement. An overview of placement records by trade in the government and private VTIs indicate moderate prospects in few of the trades. While placements of trainees from the ITIs were more through a proactive approach to the industry and the trainees themselves. Average salary/trainee indicated a range of Rs. ITI Trades COPA Cutting & Sewing Fitter Mechanic (Diesel) Motor Mechanic 2010-11 36 29 26 44 17 2009-10 33 27 29 50 11 2008-09 37 30 27 43 14 2007-08 39 35 17 32 0 2006-07 0 0 0 0 0 COE (Chemical) 234 . 6. The COPA course though shows high potential in the market but placements from the institutes were nil (on records). 5.5 36. Electrical and fitter courses provided the maximum placement percentage but overall the placement scenario 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 61. Though some of the trainee got their placement through employment exchange but it seems that employment exchanges are not playing a major role in placements.000/month as the startup salary.5 COPA Electrical Electronics Fitter Mechanic (Diesel) Welder ITC ITI Figure 122 Kota district’s (sample study) courses offered placements (in %) in government and private VTIs was very poor as just 07 courses out of a total of 19 courses had placement potential.7 32.

5. Government and private VTIs appear to be well equipped in terms of academic. The major industries include DCM Sriram Consolidated Limited (DSCL). Instrumentaion Limited. Kota stone is blue in colour and is used for the floor and walls of residential and business buildings.4 Industry Mapping The city is the trade centre for an area in which cotton. Kota's economy today is driven by the all-India fame of its coaching classes. ITCs increased maximum seats in electrical trade due to the fact that this trade was unavailable in ITIs and the demand for electrical skilled persons was high. Shriram Rayons(DCM Shriram industries 235 . Only one government VTI had hostel facility for boys as well as for girls whereas none of the private VTIs had the hostel facility for boys or girls. industries include cotton and oilseed milling.Steno Hindi Welder Wireman Turner COE (Chemical) HSC (Health & Skin Care) Fashion Technology Food & Vegetables Processor Embroidery & Needle Work ITC COPA Electrical Electronics Fitter Mechanic (Diesel) 19 34 40 13 123 16 17 8 4 12 29 43 9 158 15 19 6 0 15 28 41 11 110 11 17 4 6 14 21 37 0 118 17 15 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 40 202 53 18 14 38 145 50 14 14 38 126 52 0 14 39 149 53 0 14 40 154 53 0 12 Table 87 Kota district’s (sample study) various trade’s aspirant strength over a period in ITI & ITC The trends across all the trades show a slightly increasing or static demand from the data on number of trainees by trade over time in the ITI & ITCs. and the manufacture of metal handcrafts. it is regarded as a largest coaching hub in India. Sriram Fertilizers and Metal India (in agricultural sector). coriander and oilseeds are grown. Multimetals Limited. managerial and support manpower to run the VTIs. millet. dairying. Birla Cement. Kota also has an extensive industry of stone-polishing of a stone called Kota Stone. Transport facilities to trainees were present and were well equipped with upgraded technologies in ITI & ITCs. Samtel Glass Limited. textile weaving. distilling. It is a cheap alternative to marble. wheat.8. CFCL Chambal Fertilizers and Chemicals Limited[disambiguation needed].

the local inhabitants of Kota have not forgotten their indigenous art and craft.I.86 lakhs providing employment to 63817 persons. The industry of Chambal Fertilizers of Kota is known for producing good quality fertilizers that would help to enhance the agricultural production of the state. 2012). 45. hydro and nuclear.90 63817 17107 2012 63817 17107 61286 16401 2011 40911.86 30144.C.42985. The several industries in Kota have maintained a harmonious balance between the traditional handicrafts and the modern technological innovations that has helped in the rapid progress of Rajasthan. 140000 120000 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 42985.86 35892.C data (March.86 40911. there were around 17107 MSME units set up in the district which were registered in D. Kota has one of the India's largest cluster industry of welding rods. the number of units as well.90 47771 13575 Investment (lacs) 42985.86 57617 15696 54556 14989 2009 35892. Kota is the only city in India which have 3 power stations – thermal.86 Employment Units Figure 123 MSME trend analysis of the district-Kota There has been a constant increasing trend in the investment of industries.51 51258 14281 47771 13575 2007 16725. It also has 29 registered large and medium industries engaging 7279 persons with an annual turnover of Rs. 443955. While adopting new values and techniques from the world of science.86 61286 16401 57617 15696 2010 38921. MSME in Kota According to D. These industries have a capital investment of Rs. The locally available Kota stone is used for a variety of purpose and earns large revenue for the state.51 16725. and have thus enabled the state to strengthen its economy. having approximate 3000 number of employment and about 50.000 students is studying in these 236 .limited).86 38921. There exists 19 industrial areas with one of the cluster named Kota Doria at Keathun.86 54556 14989 51258 14281 2008 30144. Kota Doria sarees are known for the fine quality and exclusive design patterns that have an internationally acclaimed status. Kota is famous for its coaching industry with having 30 plus of major coaching institutes. The well-known NTPC and Kota Super Thermal Power Plant generate and supply electricity to almost the entire state of Rajasthan as also to the neighboring state of Madhya Pradesh. mainly imparting the coaching for engineering and medical entrance examination for under graduates courses. employment and thus.I.

8. From this industry other allied industry is also working like hostels. investment>200. transportation and packaged food industry. laundry.emp>1000 Units>100. This would necessarily factor in the concentration of SSI as the major parameter (due to small number of large scale industries) and would also represent any new sector other than the listed sectors existing in Kota. Travel. emp>750 Units> 10.18 72.08 1499. printing. Some of the major employment engagement in the district happens in the sectors of mines and minerals.5 Sector wise mapping of industries in the district District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the 20 high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below. furniture and manufacturing sector.institutes. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis shall be made on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment. Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging 702 340 14 952 867 46 1193 1168 1772.06 866. Metals & Minerals Machinery. employment and numbers.04 24. Hospitality & Trade Transportation. handloom and leather. 2007 There have been many MSME coming up in the district engaging the semi-skilled workforce. investment> 30. There has been an increase of MSME from 2007-2012 with an increase in investment and employment.89 265.35 542. ware housing & packaging Mines. mess.33 21.14 2815 1664 100 2718 2117 147 1416 3191 2205 914 4914. Logistics.41 121. District /Sectors Units Investment (Rs lakhs) Employment Agriculture & Allied Auto & Auto Components Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Food Processing Furniture & Furnshing Leather & leather goods Textile Handloom Unorganized Sector Building Construction & Real Estates Education & Skill Development Healthcare IT & ITES Tourism. 5. investment>1000. Some of the demand and resource based industries which have come up in the district were as follows:- 237 .6 9570 3513 Units>200. emp>30 Investment & demand based sectors of district-DIC Table 88 Sector wise mapping of industries in Kota as per DIC report.

Cutting & Polilshing Wooden Furniture Table 89 Potential industries providing employment to the semi-skilled workforce in Kota In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set up stratified sample of 14 industries was selected (depending on the availability of respondents’ of the employer group set up). Demand for skilled worker in future was also not noticeable across all industries. in three of the sectors (Machinery. Health scheme. 238 . Electricals & Manufacturing Textile & Handloom Tourism. Sectors covered under sample survey These industries were selected from large. Hospitality & Trade sector). the overall trend observed was that the requirement for skilled and semi-skilled labour was very low. medium and small industries covering various growth sectors of the district as shown in the table. Hospitality & Trade Manufacturing. etc. PF scheme. The dependence for semi-skilled labour was reducing and need for unskilled labour also saw similar trends as shown in the figure. These functionaries represented different levels of management as Partners. General Managers. Travel. While the five out of eight industries sampled under the building and construction sector could not provide details of their skilled worker strengths. The sample of employers consisted of senior level functionaries from 14 diverse industries located in the district. Textile & Handloom Table 90 Breakup of industries in Kota (Sample study) and Tourism. Housing scheme and provision of food for their workers. there was no increase in worker in-take is reported by the industries. All the sampled firms had some popular worker welfare schemes such as ESI scheme. HR Managers. Directors. Travel. Electricals & Construction Material & Building Hardware Education/Skill Development Food Processing & Products Furniture & Furnishing Handlooms & Handicrafts Machinery. Across the industries.Demand Based Forging Units Corrugated Boxes Agriculture Implements General Engineering & Fabrication Works Rolling Shutters Repairing & Servicing Centre Electric Transformer Data Processing Screen & Offset Pringing Sanitary Items Readymade Garments Electronic Items Resource Based Solvent Extraction Dal Mill Ground & Processed Spices Bakery & confectionary Cattle Feed Fish Meal & Fish Processing PVC Chappal Leather Shoes & Other Item Tyre Retreading Rubber Moulded Items Paints Stone Grits. Splitting.

Th erefore. current and required) The major workforce participation observed in Kota district over a period of two decades has been majorly engaged in secondary and tertiary sectors and contrary to other districts of Rajasthan low in engagement as cultivators. computer based knowledge. Hospitality & Trade Figure 124 Status of skilled.7 16 3 3 3 14 secondary and tertiary 3.5. semi-skilled workforce and unskilled workforce across sectors (Sample Kota) at various stages (initial. The requirement for semi-skilled workforce was higher than the skilled workforce in the overall industries though a very marginal requirement was mentioned.1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 0 the educational sector provides the major structure to engage the majority of the unorganized sector. There has been declining trend of workforce share in primary sector from even.8. tiles and stones. Electricals & Manufacturing Tourism.6 Workforce Demand and Supply 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Initial Current Required Initial Current Semiskilled Required Initial Current Required Skilled Construction Material & Building Hardware Food Processing & Products Handlooms & Handicrafts Textile & Handloom Unskilled Education/Skill Development Furniture & Furnishing Machinery. 239 . textiles and the key to future employment for the district Kota in near future. electrical and leather. Travel.9 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 4 growth of the district and 2 3. the increase in the share of secondary and tertiary has been quiet significant for some period of two decades 18 now. Looking at the present Skills Loyalty Learning & Development resources and skill set of Figure 125 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Kota) the workforce furniture. Engagement in 4 4 4 3.1 3 3 3 3 3 3 12 3 sector shows an increasing 10 4 4 4 4 2 4 4 4 8 2 trend as per the industrial 6 3.

Apparently the Semiskill ed Unskilled Required Current Initial Required Current Initial Required Current Initial 0 13 121 139 18 101 105 9 58 55 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 number of semi-skilled workers category has not grown but the need for unskilled contract/ daily wage laborers was also low. Other parameters were closely rated as shown in the figure above showing the expectations of the employer.7 Projected Workforce Demand There has been marginal increase in the number of full time skilled workers over a period of time though majority of the industries interviewed still feel the requirement of unskilled workers over the skilled workers for their full time roles.In terms of industries’ requirements and the market trends the primary survey provides the major demand in terms of expectations from the employers were loyalty towards work and least scaled was aspirations for career growth. In semi-skilled workforce had witnessed rise in engagement since industry inception. As reported by industries since industry establishment. they were mainly relying on unskilled workforce as this category had the largest workforce and high potential to absorb unskilled workers in the near future. The number of vacancies reported by the sampled employers for the skilled. Skilled 240 .8. semi-skilled and unskilled categories of workers indicated unequal proportion and reflected that skilled workforce had least demand and unskilled workforce had maximum demand. Figure 126 Status of workforce in terms of initial. 5. semi-skilled and unskilled categories majorly in daily or contract based laborers to address the current shortage and not with the intentions to expand. The difference in the wage structure in semi-skilled category to unskilled and semi-skilled to skilled was considerably low. also indicated high potential for absorption of workers in this category. A clear distinction could be observed in the preference of only skilled workers for the contract and daily wage worker category as the industries felt the low cost module works better in a capital scenario and incurs less cost in on job training. current and required strength across sample industries of Kota The sampled industries demonstrate their intentions to expand the worker base across the skilled.

BPO Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Gems & Jewellery Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled 241 . The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: Sectors Automobiles & Auto Components Food processing Electronics Hardware Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden & paper) Textile & Garments Building. secondary and tertiary sectorsKota The district shall continue to engage close to 61% of the workforce in secondary and tertiary sector with services sector (36%) and then industries engaging 25% of the total workforce. These projections account till 2017 of the district.Sectors Unskilled semiskilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled semiskilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled semiskilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled semiskilled Skilled Total Demand 2010-11 167217 49904 5327 222448 60688 32625 5438 98751 9283 68328 67612 195223 237188 150858 78376 466422 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Agricultural Sector 172670 174954 179247 51089 5406 229165 64025 34165 5694 103884 10022 72384 71406 206813 246716 157639 82507 486862 52137 52375 5876 6092 232967 237714 Industry Sector 62619 64695 33516 34475 5586 5746 101721 104915 Services Sector 11008 11203 74686 77475 75694 80678 213389 221356 All Sectors 248581 255145 160340 164325 87156 92515 496077 511985 2014-15 180125 54722 6348 241195 64818 34532 5755 105105 12066 79488 84554 227109 257010 168741 96658 522409 2015-16 186736 55220 6681 248637 65759 34965 5828 106552 12225 82191 887416 234832 264720 172377 99925 537022 201617 195346 56287 6752 258385 66084 35116 5853 107053 123082 84191 92273 240547 384512 175594 104878 664985 % of Manpower Requirement 39% 25% 36% 100% Table 91 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary. Hardware & Home Furnishings Leather & Leather Goods IT or software ITES. Basis on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the Workforce projections made across different categories highlight these distribution pattern. The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall be used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings.

content creation. The skilled workforce requirement also shows comparatively very low requirement and just addressing the optimum utilization of current infrastructure and steady rate of inputs in education shall e resolving all the skill deficits of the district in all terms. Entertainment. Electricals & Manufacturing Mining.8 Skill Gap Analysis The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument. employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging. 242 . Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Organized Retail Real Estate Media. structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill requirements of the industries identified in the district on the basis of manpower absorption and production in high growth industries in the district. Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement Table 92 Workforce across various sectors by 2017-Kota 5.8. animation Education/ Skill Development Banking. Insurance & Finance Healthcare Machinery. The analysis would factor in industry linkages with vocational training institutes. The situation of skill gap for the district for 2010-11 to 201617 based on projections is represented in the table below (assumptions set in the annexure _ Projection Model):Workforce Demand & Supply Gap 201020112012201311 12 13 14 132536 67049 14521 139122 69400 19628 146093 67876 22593 153305 67896 25499 Sectors Unskilled semiskilled Skilled 201415 159374 68283 28437 201516 166189 67651 31198 201617 174656 66841 34921 Table 93 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 The conducive industrial and service sector environment has made Kota an important centre of the state.Tourism.

self-employed. unemployed and trainees (as shown in the table). The average age of the respondents was 24 years with majority (75%) interviewed at ITI and 25% at ITC. Youths preference for self-employed courses in similar trades of electrician. Health and skin care. why they think the way they do and how does society respond to their hopes. But electrician 243 . The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to understand the perceptions of youth. The youth were covered from the categories of employed. their aspirations mapped against their attitudes to take up sustainable livelihoods work. The in-depth interactions were held with 60 respondents across the various categories of youth had given rich information and understanding on their aspirations and perceptions. attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Kota district to understand what the youth think. mechanic in sample of youths under trainees category.9 Youth Aspirations The study of the perceptions. fitter and mechanic was evident but in varying proportion. Youth Category Employed Self employed Unemployed Trainees Table 94 Youth Profile of sample in Kota 10 10 20 20 Type of work done as a Self employee Trade Profile of Unemployed Youth 5% 10% 18% 18% 9% 27% 28% 5% 80% Diesel mechanic work Fitter Electrician Mechanic Copa Electrical Fitter Mech (diesel) Figure 127 Profile of respondents (self-employed and unemployed) by trade in sample of Kota Among the respondents covered under the survey the course of electrician (15%) was one of the most preferred one followed by COPA. Interview schedules (60 youths) and FGD with youths in college were used to draw inferences of their thought process. aspirations and perceptions. computer applications. All the respondents were covered from registered VTIs for relevance in skilling initiatives of the state government.5.8. mobile repairer. 73% of the youth covered were college educated and 27% had completed/ drop out from high school education. aspirations.

Kota 244 .33 Assessment of overall skill level Utility of vocational training received Satisfaction Access to VT Capability of Availability Satisfaction with VT Institutions VT of latest with institutions in own Institution's technologies monetary in providing district faculty in and returns skills teaching equipment received skills for VT Need for further advanced training Figure 128 Kota Youth’s perception. But due to the surplus of electrician or improper market linkage of the supply of trained workers.sample group. 95% of the respondents did not receive any increment.63 7.87 5. fertilizers etc. railways.53 5. Power grids and factories.(27%) was the preferred trade. 1000/month approximately as skilled workforce among 60% of the sampled youth. There were pronounced needs for further Kota advanced training provided for up-skilling and basic skilling in computer applications. were the preferred sectors. Expected monthly salaries required a change of atleast Rs. These trades appear to be the most popular trades as per the perceived demand in the market. The pay scale after skilling and few months of work experience enables for netter financial negotiations among the youth.82 5.32 6. 5. need and aspirations –Sample Group 18500 18000 17500 17000 16500 Current Monthly Income (Avg) 17350 Expected Monthly Income (Avg) 18417 Satisfaction with current monetary returns and need for advanced training emerged as the two deterring factors identified by the respondents as the basic need to be addressed by the government and industry requirements. about 80% of the unemployed youth also belonged from the electrical trade.83 7.05 6.10 Youth’s Perception 6. Need for communicative English was realized for interviews and formal documentation only. Youth expected to join a job. Better skilling initiatives of the district do relate with the capabilities of the faculty and the utility of the vocational training as an important success factor. either government or private. Figure 129 Income current and expected.8.

training of trainer academies/universities etc.8. The training partners could leverage on this and bring innovative project proposals for inclusive skill development. cement. This shall include the Kota stone polishing. NSDC could plan along with state skill development agencies to develop PPP models to project Kota at international level as skill training and development hub. The overall scenario of the state would finally give major leads to apex bodies like NSDC for formulation of state specific portfolios to suit the requirements and address the future needs of the state in the skilled workforce. The preliminary gap finding. The demand based industries shall engage more of skilled resources in data processing. repair industries etc. 1. 245 . One of the most important sector which could be enhanced for the overall skill development of the state would be the education and training institutes imparting coaching and recognized at national level.01l akh Figure 130 Optimization plan.5. state and NSDC. leather processing.Kota Skill Eco-system 2017 The high priority sector which shall need maximum number of semi-skilled workforce and less of skilled shall be the resource based industries of the district.11 Optimization Plan The optimization plan would be structured at three tier level of district. transport and logistics. The semi-skilled workforce shall be the backbone of the district by getting engaged in large number of SSIs of the district and eventually catering for the biggest coaching hub of the nation as various work groups. projection and analysis would be presented at every district level which would in turn determine the action plan of the state as represented in the below diagram. and education sector (allied with the unorganized sectors along) etc.

9 District Nagaur 246 .5.

- - - - - - - 247 .

As per provisional census 2011 data. sand mounds & as such it is a part of the great Indian Thar Desert.5. Ajmer.63 1480 o 4 5 6 8 It ranks as the 05th largest 9 district of the state covering number 1807 5.44°E.483). hills.12°N 73. Nagaur has a dry climate with a hot summer. 2009) Registered MSME units Employed persons Education Pre Primary & Primary Schools Upper Primary Secondary & Sr.a snapshot (17thand 25th respectively) which pulls the district on overall HDI ranking to the lower side of the state. Nagaur accounts for population of 33. Sikar. Nagaur is situated amidst seven districts namely Bikaner. th number 985 It stands 17 on the Human 11 Development Index (0. It was number 03 observed that though the number 0 district fares quiet low on education. 2011. km. It has an average elevation of 302 metres (990 feet). The climate of the district is conspicuous by extreme dryness.718 sq. large variations of temperature & highly variable rainfall. The mercury keeps on rising intensely from March till June. Its geographical spread is a good combine of plain. Jaipur. Sand storms are common in summer. Pali.1 Demographic Profile: Nagaur is located at 27.08 78. Nagaur is the fifth largest district in Rajasthan with a vast terrain spreading over 17.18 % of the area of the state. Churu.9.90 48.61) and number 30 18th on the GDI (0.4th highest) with sex ratio of 938 (compared to 2001 census figure of 948) which still is on the higher side of the state 248 .82% of the state population. Jodhpur. S. and income index Table 95 Nagaur District Profile.no Section Unit Quantity/ Value 1 LOCATION Latitude Longitude AREA Total geographical area ADMINISTRATION Tehsil Villages Land Use Pattern Total Area Total Irrigated area Population (census 2011. number 7206 10 With just 187 the density of number 2517 population in the state ranks at number 2644 23 (Census.Provisional). Secondary Higher Education / Others Colleges ITI Polytechnic 2 3 degree min degree min Sq km number number Hectares Hectares number number number number number percent percent percent number 27 12' N o 73 44' E 17718 10 1589 1763821 338952 3309234 1698760 1610474 545229 6497 64. provisional) Total population Men Women SC (2001) ST (2001) Literacy (except 0-6 age group) Total literate Men Women Energy Electrified Villages Industries (DIC.09 lakhs (4.

70% in secondary & tertiary sectors.63.08 and female literacy marking the low of 48.27. As per the updated report available on Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 02 partners (includes 01 private institute and 01 NGO) implementing skilling initiatives with 08 approved programs (05 are completed). A total of just above 320 aspirants got enrolled in 2009-10 in the registered training institutes with an average of just 106/institute/year. A detailed view of the vocational training of Nagaur could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs. The worker participation rate in Nagaur was 40. teachers and enrolment. Colleges.43.52%). 2009-10Nagaur 249 .63.06. Rajasthan education status to the drop in literacy rates and status of 3000 2517 2500 2000 1500 2644 985 1000 500 30 0 Pre Primary &Primary Upper Primary Sec/ Sr Sec Colleges 3 ITI A total of over 8500 students enroll in various institutes at colleges & ITI. At the intermediate college level.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization Nagaur’s status in literacy was marked lower than the state average with just 64. According to Census 2011 provisional data. preference of the youth for these trades. ITI & Polytechnic. 2008) with primary sector engaging close to 72. courses are available in the area of science. 2008. There were just a total of three registered vocational training institutes in Nagaur district. the male literacy figure stands at 78.9. Nagaur has also been among the districts with high drop-out rates as per HDI. In rural areas the participation rate is higher than the urban by close to 16% (Urban. arts and commerce. Rajasthan. There was a significant decrease in the decadal growth of population (10% approximately) showing trends of population stabilization.08 which were lower than the state figure of 67. Education Pre Primary &Primary Upper Primary Sec/ Sr Sec Nagaur Rajasthan 49546 38889 19135 2517 2644 985 Table 96 Nagaur vs. scope of placement and livelihood. According to Census 2011 provisional Nagaur has a total of 6146 schools which as per state comparisons stands at better positions. Nagaur faces real time constraints in terms of basic schooling infrastructure. Figure 131 Number of Schools.ratio of 926.70% (HDI.90 and female literacy was at a low of 48.14% & Rural. The literacy rate of Nagaur in 2011 is 64. The retention rate of students in schools of Nagaur is quiet low which also contributes education. 5.20% of the workforce and rest 27.

the number of actual trainees compared to the number of approved number of trainees was same across all the trades. It appears that Electrical was the most popular trade in Government and Private VTIs as this trade had the maximum batch strength. The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Nagaur are represented as follows: Government. In private VTIs the courses were more male oriented and 1 of the 04 courses offered was preferred by the women.3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Nagaur district The existing scenario of VTIs in Nagaur was certainly on the lower side considering the number of youths passing out and the existing vocational training institutes in the district. b) Sales Persons: Sales and Marketing has emerged as one of the trades where the demand from industry whether it is cement. An overview of placement records by trade in the Government.9. Wiremen and Carpenter trade registered no placement last year. the job prospects in private VTIs was very promising as a significant 250 . Motor Mechanic. VTIs indicates poor prospects in almost all of the trades. In the Government VTIs. Although the companies prefer persons either having higher qualifications or are from the related educational background there is still ample scope for the youths who will be trained in this field The government VTIs interviewed in the survey was three and seven was from the private. Private players have not yet ventured in a big way eventually leaving a vast scope for skilled intervention of the district and catering the needs for skilling youths of the district in fields as follows: a) Computer Based Accountancy and computer operators: With number of small scale industries coming up in the region the educated youth having the basic education levels could be engaged in computer courses for accountancy (VAT & TALLY) and data entry operators for industries and government development projects. gap between the actual and approved strengths of trainees was more or less same across all trades in private VTIs. On the other hand. The government VTIs sampled for the study offer 6 different trades for training while the private VTIs offer 7 trades. VTI Trades Electrical Fitter Motor Mechanic Welder Wireman Carpenter Table 97 Nagaur district’s (sample study) courses offered Private VTI Trades COPA Electrical Fitter Mechanic (Diesel) Motor Mechanic Welder Wireman The government VTIs and private VTIs sampled for the sample study offer 05 different trades in common for training. banks/insurance or agro based products firms which are growing by the day. Preference of this trade can be seen by the fact that Private VTI offered more than 3 times seats as compared to Government VTI. The courses which were offered by the government VTIs were predominantly self-employment based or to cater the local market needs.5. In contrast to the government VTI.

9 40 30 42 40 75. In terms of average salary/trainee form Government VTIs.2 50 44.5 38. While placements of trainees from the government VTIs was through campus interviews. faculties and equipment.9 42.number of trainees got job from the institutes with 100% placement in COPA and Welder trade. the highest paid trade was Fitter (Rs.4. the highest paid trade was Wiremen with Rs. Commuting facility for the aspirants in all private and government VTIs was a good initiative and different from many other districts surveyed. Almost all of them did not have hostel facility for girls (one for boys in private VTI). It seems that employment exchanges are not playing any role in placements. More often the courses provided were less oriented for direct placement in the market rather introduced the aspirants for self-employment for males and as another home based know how for females. Most of these trades majorly catered for the needs of more unorganized sectors. 251 .000/month. the private VTIs were well staffed. The staffing in these institutes were marked understaffed in aspects dealing in academics & managerial positions in government set-ups whereas. All the VTIs claimed to have updated technologies.500/month) and in Private VTIs.2 66.5 45 30 18. The selection of course design and other influencing factors for finalization of courses by the VTI functionaries were more or less determined by 100 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 88. electricity and water supply. the private VTIs placed their trainees through campus interviews as well as through a proactive approach to the industry. 5. equipped labs.2 100 41. and space for conducting the training.6 30 35 95.25 Placement % Average Salary (in '00s Rs) Figure 132 Nagaur district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government and private VTIs the availability of facilities.

Nagaur district has been practically industrially backward on account of the lack of exploitation of natural resources and under developed infrastructural facilities. Now the industrial climate is changing and a number of incentives and concessions are being offered to prospective entrepreneurs and they are looking forward to establish their units in the district. The following resource based industries have a good potential:SALT INDUSTRY Nagaur district is also an important salt producing area.Pvt VTI 600 400 200 0 2010-11 2009-10 COPA Fitter Motor Mechanic 2008-09 2007-08 Electrical Mechanic (Diesel) Welder 2006-07 300 200 100 0 2010-11 Government VTI 2009-10 Electrical 2008-09 2007-08 Fitter Welder Carpenter 2006-07 Mechanic (Motor) Wireman Figure 133 Nagaur district’s (sample study) courses enrolment status of government and private VTIs There has been steady increase for all the courses offered in terms of students enrolment but a dip was seen in almost all the courses of the government VTIs and thus optimum utilization of the available seats was an issue in skilling. the Sambhar area (although forming part of the Jaipur district) is quite close to the salt belt of the Nagaur district. 5. Moreover. The industries based on common salt area local resources could sustain inter-alia the following kind of plants: Caustic Soda Plant Soda ash plant Chlorine gas plant Sodium sulphate plant Iodised salt & refinery GYPSUM 252 . goldsmiths & other artisans to meet the local demands. Nagaur has a wide potential in industrial sector that has to be exploited properly. Nawa & Deedwana tehsils being the major salt producing zones. potters. Even after independence.4 Industry Mapping Since historical times there were minor manufacturers having market in the neighbouring areas for trading. blacksmiths. For the rest of the trades there were hereditary artisans like carpenters.9.

Other minerals available in Nagaur district including sandstone. Mundwa. Tungsten is specially suitable for use in the production of alloy steels and high speed cutting steals which retain hardness even when they are red hot.400 tones has been established.19 million tons of high grade lime stone. occurs. in the veins or lodes of granite and phtilites especially.Nagaur district is very rich in gypsum deposits with Nagaur. The industries based on limestone as a resource are as follows : Quick Lime Hydrated Lime Precipitated chalk plants Mineral Grinding plants Cement plant WOLFRAMITE TUNGESTEN Wolfram (Wolframite) deposits are found in the Renwat hill at Degana. Mundwa. However for small quantities generally low grade material have been mined. along with ancillaries could be a major employment provider for the local population. Fairy good deposits of white clay are found of near the village of Suradhana. The deposit near Mundwa contains a reserve of about 1. In this mineral. Kathoti and Ambali in the Nagaur district. Bhadana and Manglod as particularly the best Gypsum bearing areas in the district. after primary grinding. Large reserves amounting to about 33 Million tons of high grade lime stone are found near Gotan. It is available almost everywhere in the district. Khajawana. but the best grades are available at Khatu in Deedwana tehsil where as many as 150 quarries already exists. Bhadwasi. 253 . Dhadhariya Khurd and at a number of other places in Merta Tehsil. the tungstate of iron and manganese. It has also found its way to Haryana. Gypsum based industries are as follows: (i) Cement plan (Portland) (iii) Plaster of paris plant (v) Sulphuric acid plant (ii) Fertilizer plant (iv) Potteries and moulds plant LIME STONE Best grade lime stone is found at Gotan. An industrial complex in Nagaur. based on gypsum. A reserve of the order of 3. A substantial part of the gypsum produced hare has been supplied to the Sindri fertilizer factory in Bihar. Lime stone is also available in the Nagaur district in abundant quantity & the quality is reasonably good. The reserves were estimated to be 952 million tones with 81% content and above by the Geographical Survey of India.

In fact.C.66 11832.33 16925. It is worth-seeing how iron is moulded & made use of for different sections of the society. Hand Tools Design.23 71018 20661 21099 2012 50908.33 65577 19102 19985 2010 43386. a number of families depend on the following trades and are generally marked under the Khadi & village industries: Jatu Saree of Ren Bronze industry Leather (mozari) Durries of Tankla Nagaur claims its superiority in hand-tools. There were 09 industrial areas for growth realization of the district. Development & Training Centre (HTDDTC) is engaged in motivating more units to come up. The industry peers into the past dating back 600 years.23 50908. About 300 types of hand-tools are manufactured catering to the requirements from gold-smiths to aeroplane engineers. the hand-tools industry remained unchallenged & unmatched.41 68298 19985 20661 2011 45898.66 59592 17515 43386. the number of units as well. 160000 140000 120000 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 Investment (Rs. there were around 21099 MSME units set up in the district which were registered in D.83 41689 11549 19102 2009 39773.MSME in Nagaur According to D. Apart from the industries.63 72976 21099 Figure 134 MSME trend analysis of the district Nagaur There has been a constant increasing trend in the investment of industries.I.83 59592 41689 17515 2007 16925. Hand-tools Industry has flourished in & around Nagaur over the years.50903. 2012). employment post 2008 and thus. Though the iron industry has undergone drastic changes. These industries have a capital investment of Rs. in Lacs) Employment (Numbers) Registered units (Numbers) 39773.41 45898.C data (March. The demand of these handmade tools always witnessed growing trend. hand-tools are so well-designed as if they are additional hands for human beings.I. 254 .63 lakhs providing employment to 21099 persons.63 65577 68298 71018 72976 11549 2008 11832.

24 1983 Units>200.21 81.26 621 1056. cloth based. employment and numbers. Travel. A substantially good number of workforce form the backbone of the district and are engaged in various industries. This would necessarily factor in the concentration of SSI as the major parameter (due to small number of large scale industries) and would also represent any new sector other than the listed sectors existing in Nagaur. Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging Table 98 MSME trend analysis of the district Nagaur Units 76 74 Investment Employment (Rs lakhs) 3265.93 683 82 499 256 41 209.9 2040 550 2399. District /Sectors Agriculture & Allied Auto & Auto Components Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Food Processing Furniture & Furnshing Leather & leather goods Textile & Handloom Unorganized Sector (services & repairing) Building Construction & Real Estates Education & Skill Development Healthcare IT & ITES Tourism. engineering based and chemical based sectors. mineral based. investment>200.5. 255 .emp>1000 Units>100.20 318. Some of the major employment engagement in the district happens in the sectors of agro based-forest based products. emp>30 Investment & demand based sectors of districtDIC There have been many SSI coming up in the district engaging the semi-skilled workforce.5 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Nagaur District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the 20 high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below. investment>1000. households etc. Logistics.87 214 986 575 104 229 3873. investment> 30.9. as daily wagers. Hospitality & Trade Transportation. ware housing & packaging Mines. Metals & Minerals Machinery. emp>750 Units> 10.71 508. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis shall be made on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment.

Details of Registered SSI Unit in District Nagaur S. No. Type of Industries No. SSI Unit Invest (in lacs) Empoyment No. Artisan Unit Invest (in lacs) 16.74 14.06 114.74 48.42 5.14 1.01 94.11 0 294.22 Empoyment

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Agro Based Forest Based Mineral Based Cloth Based Engineering Based Chemical Based Animal Based Other Total

2250 286 2031 461 1373 164 3 1212 7780

5532.82 138.88 4928.2 94.4 1456.88 206.38 0.36 858.25 13216.17

13188 1078 12707 1023 7114 475 9 3503 39097

162 1798 391 2416 301 4 2751 0 7823

52 254 820 3412 469 9 3880 0 11703

Table 99 Break up of industries in Nagaur (Sample study)_SSI & Artisan unit

In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set up stratified sample of 12 industries was selected (depending on the availability of respondents’ of the employer group set up). The sample of employers consisted of functionaries from diverse industries located in the Nagaur district of Rajasthan. These functionaries represented different levels of management as Partners, Directors, General Managers, HR Managers, etc.
Sectors covered under sample survey Agriculture & Allied Food Processing & Products Machinery, Electricals & Manufacturing Stone Querying, Cutting & Polishing Tourism, Travel, Hospitality & Trade
Table 100 -Break up of industries in Nagaur (Sample study)

These industries were selected from large, medium and small covering various growth sectors of the district as shown in the table. A total of 12 industries were sampled for the survey to represent 5 major sectors that are prominent in the district. Availability of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers according to their numbers in the sampled industries (segregated under specific sectors) at the time of

256

the establishment of the industry, their present strength and their required strength as projected by the industries was evaluated (shall be discussed in sections ahead). While the two industries sampled (Agriculture & Allied sector and Tourism, Travel, Hospitality & Trade) could not provide details of their skilled worker strengths. In remaining three sectors, the in-take of workers at present increased or was static as compare to the workers’ strength to industry establishment.

5.9.6 Workforce Demand and Supply
The major workforce participation observed in Nagaur district over a period of two decades has been majorly as cultivators/ agricultural laborers and has had a decline by 6% over a period. There has been declining trend of workforce share in primary sector from 78.50% to 72.20% from 1991-2001. Therefore, the increase in the share of secondary and tertiary has been quiet significant for the same period keeping the context of the district in mind. Majority of the workforce has been engaged in subsistence agriculture and remains idle for the bulk period of the year. Nagaur lies in arid Thar region. There is distinct trend observed in the workforce engaged as laborers & wage earners who get engaged as land labourers, helpers, cleaners, semi-skilled mechanics etc. Engagement in secondary and tertiary sector shows an increasing trend as per the industrial growth of the district though very marginal in nature but the industrial plan looks more promising for the years to come. Looking at the present resources and skill set of the workforce tiles and stones, textiles and leather hold the key to future employment for the district Nagaur. The requirement for semi-skilled workforce was higher than the skilled workforce. The stone related industries demand for unskilled workforce more than double of that of semi-skilled workforce requirement clearly illustrating the model of low-cost unorganized form of labour utilization in the sector. In terms of industries’ requirements and the market trends the primary survey provides the major demand in terms of expectations from the employers were loyalty towards work and least scaled was importance of enhancing skills. Other parameters were closely rated as shown in the figure showing the employer’s expectations.

100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0%

5 5 5 4 5

4.5 4 4 5 3

4.4 4.1 4.7 4.4 4.6

5 4 4 4 4

4 3 3 5 2

Skills Aspirations Career Growth

Loyalty Productivity & Efficiency

Learning & Development

Figure 135 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers-Nagaur

257

5.9.7 Projected Workforce Demand

60 Unskilled 21 Semi-Skilled 1 Skilled 30 21 0 Required 50 Current 100 Initial 150 56 30 75 118

Tourism, Travel, Hospitality & Trade Stone Querying, Cutting & Polishing Machinery, Electricals & Manufacturing Food Processing & Products

0 0

8 6 5

12 15 36 55

3 0

12 9 20 40 60

Unskilled

Semi-skilled

Skilled

Figure 136 Status of workforce in terms of initial, current and required strength & sectors across sample industries of Nagaur

As reported by industries for semiskilled workforce, all the industries have increased the workers strength over the years. It was observed that there has been potential to absorb semiskilled workers in the recent past and in near future for the sectors food Processing & products, machinery, electricals & manufacturing and tourism, travel, hospitality & trade. There has been a continuous decline in unskilled worker strength over the period of time. Also, two industries sampled in agriculture & allied sector and stone querying, cutting & polishing sector could not provide details of their unskilled worker strengths. the potential to absorb unskilled workers in rest three sectors was seemingly high from the data provided. Apparently the number of skilled workers category has grown by close to 90% but the need for skilled contract/ daily wage workers was very low. A clear distinction could be observed in the preference of only semi-skilled workers for the contract and daily wage worker category as the industries had increased the absorption of semi-skilled by close to 86.8% and the incremental requirement of close to 70%. The clear observation made was in the engagement of workers at the time industry establishment which had huge disparity in skilled and unskilled workforce. Earlier industries were more dependent on unskilled workface for their day to day operation. Slowly the shift was to the semi-skilled and the reduction of unskilled. It continues in the present context as well for the district. The sampled industries demonstrate their intentions to expand the worker base across the skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled categories majorly in daily or contract based laborers. One could observe a similar requirement in the skilled daily wage labor requirement and unskilled contract based requirements. This clearly validates the mind-set of the industry houses to engage less skilled workers and increase the intake of semi-skilled workers.

258

Sectors Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled Total demand

2010-11 714427 58241 3883 776551

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Agricultural Sector 739240 768934 784305 60264 4018 803522 62685 4179 835798 63938 4263 852505

2014-15 787221 64176 4278 855675

2015-16 813991 66358 4424 884772

2016-17 827755 67480 4499 899734

% of manpower

72%

Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled Total demand

80848 37314 6219 124381

Industry Sector 85335 84886 88204 39385 39178 40710 6564 6530 6785 131285 130594 135699 Services Sector 29442 30425 68698 70992 98140 101418 196279 202836 All Sectors 883262 170561 108848

88961 41059 6843 136863

90896 41952 6992 139840

92045 42482 7080 141608

11%

Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled Total demand

27080 63187 90267 180534

28535 66581 95116 190232

30988 72305 103293 206585

32022 74719 106742 213483

32707 76316 109022 218045

17%

Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled

822355 158742 100369

853110 166231 105698

902934 175640 112465

907170 177539 114414

936909 183029 118158

952507 186278 120601

Table 101 Projected labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across sectors- Nagaur

Basis on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the workforce projections were made across different categories. The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall be used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings. The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: Sectors Automobiles & Auto Components Food processing Electronics Hardware Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden & paper) Textile & Garments Building, Hardware & Home Furnishings Leather & Leather Goods IT or software ITES- BPO Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Tourism, Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled

259

Education/ Skill Development Banking, Insurance & Finance Healthcare Machinery, Electricals & Manufacturing Mining, Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement
Table 102 Workforce across various sectors by 2017- Nagaur

5.9.8 Skill Gap Analysis
The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument; structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill requirements of the industries identified in the district on the basis of manpower absorption and production in high growth industries in the district. The analysis factored in industry linkages with vocational training institutes, employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging.
Workforce Demand & Supply Gap 20122010-11 2011-12 13 76415 3788 1731 69734 5004 2000 64065 6203 2235

Sectors Unskilled Semi-skilled Skilled

201314 59556 7873 2524

201415 54439 8911 2844

201516 49906 10059 3108

201617 42912 10412 3362

Table 103 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce gap 2011-2017

The incremental demand for skilled and semi-skilled workforces gives a gap of over 0.5 lakh. Keeping in mind the growth rate of the district and the workforce participation from unskilled masses; the significance would be to target training to atleast 25,000 youths by 2017. As per the in-depth interviews conducted with senior functionaries of industry associations, district officials and observations; the need and dependence for skilled manpower by the local small scale industries was not well pronounced. Some of the important findings were as follows:Situation is conducive enough to support industrial growth in Nagaur except some shortage of skilled manpower due to MNREGA The VTIs are fulfilling the needs of the industries but some latest training equipment is needed to provide perfect knowledge of trades and NCVT should revise their trades that can compete the day to day requirement of the industries (a similar agreement was also found with the ITI representative)

260

Marbles and cement industries are predominant in the district. Food processing like bhujiya, namkin products and solar energy plant were the emerging sectors noticed in the districts. Scope of self-employment and entrepreneurship in the district remains on a high. Scope of informal sector employment is high and the government positions for class C & D employees remains a requirement

5.9.9 Youth Aspirations
The study of the perceptions, aspirations, attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Nagaur district to understand what the youth think, why they think the way they do and how does society respond to their hopes, aspirations and perceptions. Interview schedules (60 youths) and FGD with youths in college were used to draw inferences of their thought process.
Youth Category Employed Self employed Unemployed Trainees 10 10 20 20

The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to understand the perceptions of youth, their aspirations mapped against their attitudes to take up sustainable livelihoods work. The indepth interactions were held with 60 respondents across the various categories of youth had given rich information and understanding on their aspirations and perceptions.

Table 104 Youth Profile of sample in Nagaur

The youth were covered from the categories of employed, self-employed, unemployed and trainees (as shown in the table above). 46.7% of the youth covered were college educated and 53.3% had completed/ drop out from high school education. All the respondents were covered from registered VTIs for relevance in skilling initiatives of the state government. All the respondents who were trained through vocational courses and interviewed, it was found that 85% youth were trained through government VTI and only 15% of youth were trained though private VTIs.

Trainee
5% 5% 5%

Self employed

Unemployed Youth
5% 5%

40% 35% 50%

30% 30% 50%

35%

5%
Electrical Motor mechanic Wireman Fitter Welder Electrician Fitter Moter winder Electrical Mech (diesel) Fitter Welder

Figure 137 Profile of respondents (trainee, self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Nagaur

261

Inclination towards electrical course was found high as around 50% of the youth reported that they had preferred electrical trade during his/her training at VTI. The reason for the same seems to be the demand for this course in the market. Second, most sought, trade was Fitter i.e. 35% and similar trends also seen in self-employed group. The unemployed group had majorly been trained as mechanic followed by electrical.

5.9.10 Youth’s Perception

7.00 6.00 5.00 4.00 3.00 2.00 1.00 .00

Axis Title

Assessm ent of overall skill level

Nagaur

6.50

Utility of Satisfact Access Capabilit Availabili Satisfact vocation ion with to VT y of VT ty of ion with al VT Instituti Instituti latest monetar training institutio ons in on's technolo y returns received ns in own faculty gies and received providin district in equipme g skills teachi… nt for VT 6.52 6.25 6.05 6.80 6.53 4.98

Need for further advance d training

4.98

Figure 138 Nagaur Youth’s perception, need and aspirations –Sample Group

The capabilities of VTIs’ faculties were the most rated in favour of the skilling capabilities of the VTIs (6.8 on a scale of 10) and the least rated was the satisfaction with the monetary returns post training. (4.98 on a scale of 10). Though the satisfaction level seemed to be lower than expected but the average monthly income was Rs. 10647 which was quiet good as per industry standards. The expected hike was another Rs 4700/ per month on an average across trades; which remains very high as per the existing market. About 58.8% of the surveyed youths therefore remained dissatisfied with the monthly salary.

10647
12000 7000 2000

15400

Nagaur

Current Monthly Income (Avg) 10647

Expected Monthly Income (Avg) 15400

Figure 139 Income current and expected- sample group, Nagaur

262

5.9.11 Optimization Plan
The optimization plan would be structured at three tier level of district comprising of target segment (skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled), institutions of training (VTI, ITI, ITC, Polytechnic, colleges etc.) and the sector wise institutions/industries. The preliminary gap finding, projection and analysis highlights the requirement of 0.5 lakh of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled demand. Training institutions and the basic infrastructure for skilling suggests for more number of institutes (from various training capabilities) at Nagaur district level which would in turn determine the linkages with the industries and institutions from various sectors as shown in the diagram below.

Figure 140 Optimization plan- Skill Development Eco System-Nagaur

In order to keep the industrial area of Nagaur (manufacturing and cement) on its consistent growth path, it would be important to maintain the skill workforce supply as per industries requirements by creating additional 15 VTIs by 2017. Customized training schedules and industry linkages would enable the VTIs to provide a more ready to be deployed workforce. Apart, the services sector shall require skilled workforce of education qualification of higher nature in hand drill machines services and sales. In order to meet these requirements aspirants could be trained across various domains of manufacturing and service industry. Keeping in mind the artisan units and the gems and jewelry cluster, the specific training in the gems and jewelry segment should be provided by training partners. Also, the scope of agro based industries provides better scope for the youths to earn a sustainable livelihood and skilling would provide them with better financial negotiation power. Training partners with life skills, communicative courses, and computer based courses should also be encouraged along with mechanical/ engineering courses by NSDC.

263

5.10 District Rajsamand

264

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1.33 lakh

265

5.10.1 Demographic Profile:
Rajsamand district was constituted on 10th April, 1991, and named after the famous lake "Rajsamand" built by Maharana Raj Singh. The district has an area of 4,768 km². The Aravalli Range forms the northwestern boundary of the district, across which lies Pali District. Ajmer District lies to the north, Bhilwara District to the northeast and east, Chittorgarh District to the southeast, and Udaipur District to the south. The district lies in the watershed of theBanas River and its tributaries. Some other rivers are: Ari, Gomati, Chandra and Bhoga. It has an average elevation of 292 m (958 ft). Administratively Rajsamand is divided in to 7 Sub-divisions, 7 Tehsils and 7 blocks. There are 205 Gram Panchayats, 236 Patwar Circles and 1025 inhabited villages.

S.no 1

Section LOCATION Latitude Longitude AREA Total geographical area ADMINISTRATION Tehsil Villages
Land Use Pattern

Unit

Quantity/ Value

2 3

degree min degree min sq km number number Hectares Hectares number number number number number percent percent percent number

25 03' N o 73 53' E 4768 07 1050 452938 29730 1158283 582670 575613 122502 129198 63.93 79.52 48.44 973

o

4

Total Area Total Irrigated area 5
Population (census 2011, provisional)

Total population Men Women
SC (2001) ST (2001)

6

8

It ranks as the 29th largest district of 9 the state covering 1.24 % of the number 7107 area of the state. With 302 the number 15015 density of population in the state 10 ranks at 12th (Census, 2011number 1149 Provisional). It stands 22nd on the number 827 Human Development Index (0.578) number 263 and 16th on the GDI (0.486). It was 11 observed that the district fares number 11 quiet low on education, income and number 04 health index (21st, 18th & 26th number 03 respectively). As per provisional census 2011 data, Rajsamand Table 105 Rajsamand District Profile- a snapshot accounts for population of 11.58 lakhs (1.69% of the state population) with sex ratio of 988 (compared to 2001 census figure of 1000) which still remains is on the higher side of the state ratio of 926. There was a decrease in the decadal growth of population (17.89% for 2011) showing trends of population stabilization. The worker participation rate in is 40.71% (HDI, Rajasthan, 2008) with primary sector engaging close to 54.30% of the workforce and rest 45.70% in secondary & tertiary sectors. In rural areas the participation rate is higher than the urban by close to 12% (Urban- 30.03% & Rural- 42.32%). The

Literacy (except 0-6 age group) Total literate Men Women Energy Electrified Villages Industries (DIC, 2009) Registered MSME units Employed persons Education Pre Primary & Primary Schools Upper Primary Secondary & Sr. Secondary Higher Education / Others Colleges ITI Polytechnic

266

literacy rate of Rajsamand in 2011 is 63.93 compared to 55.73 of 2001 which remains lower than the state figure of 67.06. According to Census 2011 provisional data, the male literacy figure stands at 79.52% and female literacy was at a low of 48.44%. Though there has been significant progress in the literacy rates over a period but the overall scenario is still on the lower side and affects the overall performance of the state as well.

5.10.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization
Rajsamand’s status in literacy was marked lower than the Education Rajsamand Rajasthan state average. There was an increase in the male and female Pre Primary 49546 1149 literacy rates and reports of DISE, 2011 state that there have &Primary been significant increases in the girls’ enrolment. Rajsamand Upper Primary 38889 827 has also been among the districts with high drop-out rates Sec/ Sr Sec 19135 263 as per HDI, 2008 and maximum number of one room schools with high absenteeism (pupil & teacher) due to Table 106 Rajsamand vs. Rajasthan education status geographically difficult terrain and ST habited regions. According to Census 2011 provisional Rajsamand has a total of 2293 schools from pre-primary to senior secondary levels. Considering the density of population and the vast area, the school spread is average in comparison to the state average and across other districts. The supply constraint in case of education infrastructure was evident as per reports of Rajasthan HDI report, 2008. A total of over 3,681 students enroll 1200 in various institutes at colleges ITI & 1000 polytechnic. At the intermediate 800 college level, courses are available in 1149 600 827 the area of science, arts and 400 11 200 263 commerce. There are total of seven 4 3 0 registered vocational training institutes in Rajsamand district out of which 04 are ITIs and 03 polytechnics. A total of just above 550 aspirants got enrolled in 2009-10 in the registered Figure 141 - Number of Schools, Colleges, ITI & Polytechnic, 2009-10training institutes. As per the updated Rajsamand report available on Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 02 partners (includes 1KVK and 1NGO) implementing skilling initiatives with 07 approved programs (all are completed). A detailed view of the vocational training of the district could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs, preference of the youth for these trades, scope of placement and livelihood.

5.10.3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Rajsamand district
The existing scenario of VTIs in the district depicts on the lower side of the supply considering the number of youths passing out; and seeking employment as skilled workforce. Private players have not 267

yet ventured in a big way eventually leaving a vast scope for skilled intervention of the district and catering the needs for skilling youths of the district. The government VTIs interviewed in the survey was three and four were from the private. The courses which were offered by the government VTIs were predominantly self-employment based or to cater the local market needs. The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Jaipur are represented as follows:
Govt. VTI Trades COPA Electrical Fitter Radio & T.V.
Table 107 Rajsamand district’s (sample study) courses offered

Pvt. VTI Trades Welder Refrigeration COPA Electrical Fitter Mechanic (Diesel)

In the total of 07 VTIs (03 government+04 private) covered in the sample, the government VTIs sampled for the study offered 06 different trades for training while the private VTIs offer 04 trades. Electrical was the most preferred trade in Rajsamand as maximum number of seats in both the VTIs was from this trade. The maximum variance in seats utilization was also observed for this trade as private VTIs had a difference of maximum 47 as in the number of seats allotted and number of seats filled. The difference between actual trainees and approved trainees in government VTI varied from 1 to 21 in number though suggesting the over utilization across trades and the demand-supply gap. Refrigeration trade had the max difference (nearly double the number of approved strength was the actual strength). In case of private VTIs, the difference was varying from 0 to 47 seats marking on the underutilization contrary to what was observed in the government VTIs. COPA trade had no difference whereas electrical trade had max difference of 47 seats. An inference drawn was that though the electrical course COPA & IT courses had significant market potentials, the supply side catered far less for such trades than demanded for.

268

100
100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

94.3 85.5 75 69.9 61.66 53.33 62.5 51.5 46

100

95.2

50

55

50

32.4

30 14.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

% Placed Govt

% Placed Pvt

Avg salary (in Rs '00s) Govt

Avg salary (in Rs '00s) Pvt

Figure 142 Rajsamand district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government and private VTIs

An overview of placement records by trade in the government and private VTIs indicate moderate prospects in all most all of the trades with the exception of refrigeration trade in government VTIs. It may be due to the fact that most of the trainees seek self-employment from refrigeration trade. The COPA course though shows high potential in the market but placements from the institutes were low (on ITI records; as ITC strength was low and placement recorded was 100%). Electrical and fitter courses offered good placement scope with an average salary of Rs. 5500. While placements of trainees from the government and private VTIs was more through a proactive approach to the industry by the government VTIs and the campus recruitment at the private VTIs, the contribution of the employment exchanges were almost nil. COPA 2010-11 2009-10 2008-09 2007-08 2006-07 Govt Pvt Govt Pvt Govt Pvt Govt Pvt Govt Pvt 37 37 35 10 19 18 25 5 14 0 Electrical Fitter 55 55 38 30 28 55 27 15 21 15 35 35 28 20 31 27 13 15 1 15 Radio & T.V. 7 NA 8 NA 0 NA 9 NA 1 NA Welder 9 NA 2 NA 9 NA 5 NA 3 NA Refrigeration Mechanic (Diesel) 8 na NA 21 16 na NA 0 9 na NA 0 13 na NA 0 0 na NA 0

Table 108 : Year wise intake of aspirants across sectors in the sampled VTIs (Rajsamand)

269

pichwai painting.4 Industry Mapping The primary sector has substantially reduced participation over last decade and close to 45% of the workforce in Rajsamand engages in the secondary and tertiary sector. and space for conducting the training. Interestingly the VTI functionaries claim that the courses on offer in these government VTIs are more demand driven as per the aspirations of the youths and less mandated from any university or board. terracotta items.Nathdwara Mollela Cluster. 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 1 3 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 0 0 3 Govt Pvt Figure 143 : Facilities and Infrastructure availability in sampled VTIs.10. the private VTIs increased the strength of trainees over the years. Com muting facility for the aspirants in all government VTIs was a good initiative. In contrary. The industry’s role in demanding courses favorable for its optimization was observed to be high and thus one could anticipate the involvement of contemporary industries in campus placement in these VTIs. marble articles .Mollela 270 . equipped labs. Electrical trade indicated steep rise suggesting the demand of this trade over the years. oil Mills. electricity and water supply. marble chips and powders. Rajsamand 5. miniature silver meenakari. All the VTIs claimed to have updated technologies. marble cutting. Major industries in the Rajsamand district were marble slabs and tiles.The trends across most of the trades show a slightly increasing or static demand from the data on number of trainees by trade over time in the government VTIs whereas for refrigeration trade the demand declined over the years. Raj Nagar RIICO Industrial Area. hand loom. The staffing in these institutes were marked understaffed in aspects dealing in academics (both in government and private). tyres and tubes. Almost all of them did not have hostel facilities. There are two industrial areas of RIICO in the district and two clusters named: Industrial Area RIICO Industrial Area. general engineering workshop. Dholnd Table 109 Rajsamand’s cluster and industrial area( DIC) Clusters Meenakari Cluster.

2012).39 crore.5 127. in Lacs) Employment (Numbers) Registered units (Numbers) 23398. the number of units as well.I.50 21195 6015 19426 5605 17849 5195 16599 4783 15335 4368 14062 3958 Figure 144 MSME trend analysis of the district Rajsamand There has been a constant increasing trend in the investment of industries. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis shall be made on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment. 60000 50000 40000 30000 20000 10000 0 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 Investment (Rs.10. 5. stealite dolomite etc. Rajsamand has the marble and allied industries as the major industrial contribution apart from production of minerals like copper ore.68 15235.MSME in Rajsamand According to D.C. lead.93 13318.C data (March. This would necessarily factor in the concentration of MSME as the major parameter (due to small number of large scale industries) and would also represent any new sector other than the listed sectors existing in Rajsamand. employment and numbers.23398.5 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Rajsamand District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the 20 high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below. employment and thus. Also.24 Employment 19 21 1200 198 271 .50 18249.13 11381.5 lakhs providing employment to 21195 persons. the medium and large scale industries are 03 in number engaging close to 4000 persons with an investment of Rs. zinc.77 25. District /Sectors Agriculture & Allied Auto & Auto Components Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Food Processing Furniture & Furnshing Units 7 5 26 192 Investment (Rs lakhs) 14.I. 320. there were around 6015 MSME units set up in the district which were registered in D.43 10538. These industries have a capital investment of Rs.80 8.

Sectors like tourism. Logistics. households etc. medium and small industries covering various growth sectors of the district as shown in the table. investment> 30. Travel. A substantially good number of workforce (14%) form the services backbone of the district and are engaged in various industries. ware housing & packaging Mines. Hospitality & Trade Transportation.78 5160 Units>200.85 6241 3713 2252. 272 . transportation and logistics and construction were engaging more of semi-skilled workforce in the district. Travel. These industries were selected from large. 2007 There have been many MSME coming up in the district engaging the semi-skilled workforce. Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging 1830 1464. Hospitality & Trade Food Processing & Products Service & Repairing Stone Querying. Housing scheme and provision of food for their workers.emp>1000 Units>100. furniture and manufacturing sector. PF scheme. as daily wagers etc. Cutting & Polishing Wooden Products. investment>1000. Sectors covered under sample survey Construction Material & Building Hardware Tourism. Handicrafts Table 111 Break up of industries in Rajsamand (Sample study) In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set up stratified sample of 14 industries was selected (depending on the availability of respondents’ of the employer group set up). emp>30 Investment & demand based sectors of districtDIC Table 110 Sector wise mapping of industries in Rajsamand as per DIC report. Metals & Minerals Machinery.Leather & leather goods Textile Unorganized Sector Building Construction & Real Estates Education & Skill Development Healthcare IT & ITES Tourism. emp>750 Units> 10.00 2176 1334 8449. The mines and minerals were the only demand based industry of the district. forming the unorganized sector. Some of the major employment engagement in the district happens in the sectors of mines and minerals. All the sampled firms had some popular worker welfare schemes such as ESI scheme. Health scheme. investment>200.

semi-skilled and unskilled across sectors (Sample Rajsamand) at various stages (initial. Therefore.10. Handicrafts Figure 145 Status of skilled. Demand for skilled worker in future was not very high. Travel. In stone. quarrying and related industries (marble) the demand for semi-skilled and unskilled workers was on a high. current and required) 273 . Though most of the sector had reduced their workers strength since Figure 146 Status of skilled. Majority of the workforce has been engaged in subsistence agriculture and 22 the geographical conditions also have 44 Semi-Skilled 31 reduced the sustainable agricultural options. 3 Skilled 37 32 0 20 40 60 80 required current Initial Skilled workforce data indicate marginal increase in the workforce at present since establishment of construction material & building hardware industries whereas static workforce for tourism.6 Workforce Demand and Supply 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Initial Current Requir ed 31 2 0 1 0 0 Skilled 36 2 0 1 0 0 18 0 0 1 0 0 Initial Current Requir ed 22 3 2 2 2 1 Semiskilled 22 3 5 6 4 2 2 0 10 10 8 6 Initial Current Requir ed 19 4 15 13 11 8 Unskilled 17 4 8 8 6 5 2 0 12 15 10 10 Construction Material & Building Hardware Tourism. current and required) The major workforce participation observed in Rajsamand district over a period of two decades has been majorly as cultivators/ agricultural laborers but with significant reduction in the participation and shift to secondary and tertiary sector (mines. Hospitality & Trade Food Processing & Products Service & Repairing Stone Querying. the increase in the share of secondary and 28 tertiary has been quiet insignificant for the 51 Unskilled 80 same period. semi-skilled workforce and unskilled workforce across sectors (Sample Rajsamand) at various stages (initial. As reported by industries for semiskilled workforce. hospitality & trade and service & repairing sector. Cutting & Polishing Wooden Products. there was marginal increase of workers who were engaged in the all the industries over the period of time since industries established. manufacturing etc.).5. travel. minerals.

7 Projected Workforce Demand There has been certain increase in the number of skilled and semi-skilled workers over a period of time and reduction in unskilled sector. and hospitality & Aspirations Career Growth Productivity & Efficiency trade sector reflected a Figure 147 : Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Rajsamand) high desire for all the characteristics that were used for rating. Apparently the number of semi-skilled workers category has grown and the requirement shows another 44% in comparison to just 7% for skilled.10. In terms of industries’ requirements and the market trends the primary survey provides the major demand in terms of expectations from the employers were loyalty towards work and least scaled was importance of enhancing skills and learning and development. unskilled and semiskilled workers in survey (Rajsamand) 274 . Figure 148 Requirement of skilled.7 rated as shown in the 3 4 4 10 3 5 4. A clear distinction could be observed in the preference of only skilled workers for the contract and daily wage worker category as the industries felt the low cost module works better in a capital scenario and incurs less cost in on job training.8 4 4 15 4 4 5 3 4 4.establishment but potential to absorb unskilled worker in the industry was found to be higher in Rajsamand. travel. 5.9 20 parameters were closely 5 4 3 4. Skills Loyalty Learning & Development employers from tourism.6 4 3 4 4 figure showing the 5 5 4. The employers were asked to rate their expectation from their workers on a scale of 5. followed closely by the employers from construction material & building hardware sector.6 4 4 3 3 0 employer’s expectations. Though majority of the industries interviewed still feel the requirement of unskilled workers over the skilled % requirement 7% 49% 44% Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled or semi-skilled workers for their full time roles. Other 25 5 4.

also indicated high potential for absorption of workers in this category. 201011 272092 38486 2566 313143 146910 129487 3248 20112012201312 13 14 Agricultural Sector 295829 309776 341480 40421 41558 2695 2771 338945 354105 Industry Sector 146373 145660 130352 130550 3392 3358 44142 2943 388565 145245 130882 3480 201415 377123 47048 3137 427307 143658 131074 3512 201516 393883 48414 3228 445525 144097 131403 3567 201617 320564 50589 3373 374527 142221 131651 3608 % of manpower requirement Sectors Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled 43% 275 . Hospitality & Trade Stone Querying. There has been a declining trend and the semi-skilled workforce has come up. Handicrafts Tourism. unskilled and semi-skilled works across sectors in sample survey (Rajsamand) As reported by industries since industry establishment. In current scenario too the percentage of unskilled and semi-skilled remains on the higher side except for the construction materials and building hardware sector. semi-skilled and unskilled categories majorly in daily or contract based laborers. semi-skilled and unskilled categories of workers indicated unequal proportion and reflected that skilled workforce had least demand and unskilled workforce had Wooden Products. This clearly validates the mindset of the industry houses to engage less skilled workers.The sampled industries demonstrate their intentions to expand the worker base across the skilled. The number of vacancies reported by the sampled employers for the skilled. Figure 149 Current percentage of skilled. Cutting & Polishing Service & Repairing Food Processing & Products Construction Material & Building Hardware 0 0 22 0 7 0 29 33 44 40 40 38 28 31 10 20 30 40 71 60 53 62 41 50 60 70 80 % unskilled % semi-skilled % skilled maximum demand. they were mainly relying on unskilled workforce as this category had the largest workforce and high potential to absorb unskilled workers in the near future. The difference in the wage structure in semi-skilled category to unskilled and semi-skilled to skilled was considerably high. One could observe a similar requirement in the semi-skilled daily wage labor requirement and unskilled contract based requirements (44% & 49% respectively). Travel.

Rajsamand Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled 276 . Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement Table 113 Workforce across various sectors by 2017. Electricals & Manufacturing Mining. The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall be used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings. The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: Sectors Automobiles & Auto Components Food processing Electronics Hardware Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden & paper) Textile & Garments Building.Total demand Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled Total demand 279644 13500 61499 44999 119998 280117 279568 Services Sector 14224 14666 73190 84221 47415 48887 134830 147773 279607 15242 95565 50807 161615 278244 15645 106505 52150 174300 279067 16152 117687 53838 187677 277480 16561 128641 55202 200404 33% 24% Table 112 Projected labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary. secondary and tertiary sectors Rajsamand Basis on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the Workforce projections made across different categories highlight these distribution pattern. Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Unorganized sectors Real Estate Healthcare Machinery. Hardware & Home Furnishings Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Gems & Jewellery Tourism.

Sand Stone. Getting job in informal sectors had been very easy so it attracts number of skilled and semi-skilled manpower. why they think the way they do and how does 277 . Marbles industry is predominant in the district . Scope for self-employment and entrepreneurship in the district is not very good.10.10. 5. Investments are good since government provided 15% subsidiary on loan for investing here. On the other hand. Availability of skilled man power remains to be a continuous problem and so many of the local industries did not get required skilled manpower and faced scarcity of skilled manpower. Currently lands allocations are handled by RIICO. The analysis would factor in industry linkages with vocational training institutes.5.8 Skill Gap Analysis The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument. employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging. formal sector ventures were bound by some limitations in employing persons as they required more trained people. Land for establishment of industries was not a problem. The situation of skill gap for the district for 2010-11 to 201617 based on projections is represented in the table below (assumptions set in the annexure _ Projection Model):Workforce Demand & Supply Gap 20122010-11 2011-12 13 2013-14 496236 63768 45769 469144 66901 48242 451428 67570 49484 415429 71015 51434 Sectors Unskilled Semi-skilled Skilled 2014-15 382215 73817 52769 2015-16 368572 75385 54348 2016-17 342249 77527 55638 Table 114 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 As per the in-depth interviews conducted with senior functionaries of industry associations. some of the important findings were as follows:Situation seems conducive enough to support industrial growth in Rajsamand. Some selfemployment programs running like Akshat Kaushal Program help people get self-employment. attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Rajsamand district to understand what the youth think. Districts authority should take some necessary steps in this regards. aspirations.Marbles machineries tools and handlooms are emerging sectors noticed in the districts. structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill requirements of the industries identified in the district on the basis of manpower absorption and production in high growth industries in the district. The district authorities were not found making any concrete efforts in this direction. Lime Stone.9 Youth Aspirations The study of the perceptions. Water & supply of power was also uninterrupted. Compared to the informal sector. the informal sector is free to employ even a semi-skilled person and provide him the required skills later over a period of time. district officials and observations.

aspirations and perceptions. technician and welder were the trades which were basically the fall off of either no placement or lack of continuous job opportunities.V. These trades appear to be the most popular trades as per the perceived demand in the market. Trainee Self employee Unemployed Youth 5% 10% 10% 35% 40% 30% 10% 30% 30% 5% 25% 55% 15% ELECTRICAL FITTER MECHANIC (DIESEL) RADIO & T. 15% of the youth Trainees covered were college educated and 85% had completed/ drop Table 115 Youth Profile in Rajsamand-sample out from high school education. The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to understand the perceptions of youth. Electrical and fitter trades also featured in the unemployed category of the survey suggesting the competition among trainees from the same trade. The youth were covered from the Unemployed 20 categories of employed.society respond to their hopes. Electronics Technician Shop Welder Electrical Mech (diesel) Fitter Plumber Figure 150 Profile of respondents (trainees. There was general consensus regarding better self-employment opportunity in electrician and technician. All the respondents were covered from registered VTIs for relevance in skilling initiatives of the state government. Similarly in the self-employed category electronics. self-employed. 278 . unemployed and 20 trainees (as shown in the table above). their aspirations mapped against their attitudes to take up Youth Category sustainable livelihoods work. The in-depth interactions were Employed 10 held with 60 respondents across the various categories of youth 10 had given rich information and understanding on their Self employed aspirations and perceptions. self-employed and unemployed) by trade in sample of Rajsamand Among the respondents covered under the survey the course of fitter was one of the most preferred one followed by electrician in sample of youths under training. Interview schedules (60 youths) and FGD with youths in college were used to draw inferences of their thought process.

The overall scenario of the state would finally give major leads to apex bodies like NSDC for formulation of state specific portfolios to suit the requirements and address the future needs of the state in the skilled workforce. Figure 152 Rajsamand Youth’s expectation as salary.52 6. The district skill development eco-system 279 .90 5.10. Though 45% of the sample youth feel satisfied with the salary but an expectation across all the trades provides an average raise in salary structure by Rs. Need for further advanced training was the least rated and similarly low rated were access to VTI and the latest technological inputs in the VTIs. need and aspirations –Sample Group 9364 10000 9000 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 6675 Rajsamand Current Monthly Income (Avg) 6675 Expected Monthly Income (Avg) 9364 Capability of VTI faculty teaching skills was rated the highest (6. state and NSDC.63 4. 6800 (approximately).83 4. projection and analysis would be presented at every district level which would in turn determine the action plan of the state. Similarly the scope of increment was not well pronounced nor was any such requirement followed by the interviewees. The preliminary gap finding.10.70 6.10 6.08 Assessment of overall skill level Utility of vocational training received Satisfaction Access to VT Capability of Availability Satisfaction with VT Institutions VT of latest with institutions in own Institution's technologies monetary in providing district faculty in and returns skills teaching equipment received skills for VT Need for further advanced training Figure 151 Rajsamand Youth’s perception.57 4.Sample Group 5.88 Youth’s Perception 6.11 Optimization Plan The optimization plan would be structured at three tier level of district.9 on a scale of 10) by the sample group followed by skill level assessments.5.

life skills and basics in computer would be the key areas of skill development training for the growing service base in the district with some of the potential service sector areas of interventions being: 1. rubber and chemical based industries and handicrafts. the mines and minerals. Course curriculum designed to cater for the institutions based in construction. The key stakeholders’ contribution in enabling to achieve the target (as shown in the figure) would be as follows: a) State: The state to target the skilled and semi-skilled segment for skilled training by creating additional 33 skill development centres (VTIs) in the district level of operations. mining and minerals.Rajsamand Skill Eco-system 2017 The high priority sector which shall need maximum number of semi-skilled workforce and less of skilled shall be the resource based industries of the district. Accountant 2. food processing. b) Training Partners: The sectors for engaging more skilled workforce would be in services. stone related enterprise building and linkages etc. i. targets (projected) and support systems required for the district. building hardware.e.(diagram below) would enable to look at the possible sectors. Computer related enterprises 280 . It should encourage the private training partners to participate and operate in the district due to its large base of workers involved in secondary and tertiary sectors. Along with these. should be the focus. specific course curriculum designed for communicative English. Figure 153 Optimization plan. and unorganized sectors of services and repairs etc. marble and stone polishing.

Dynamo repairing 9. 281 . Data processing 7. construction.3. Photography 10. Packaged food 5. food processing by encouraging specifically designed proposals with increasing the linkages in industry associations and PPP models. Photostat NSDC would be an enabler to lead the training partners in services. Radio and TV Repairing 8. Dry-cleaning 11. Printing press 4. Coaching centers 6.

11 District Dungarpur 282 .5.

- - - - - - - 0.34 lakh 283 .

96% of the state population) with sex ratio of 990 (compared to 2001 census figure of 1022) which still is on the higher side of the state ratio of 926.98 Provisional). In rural areas 6 Literacy (except 0-6 age group) 284 .8’N and 73. 2008) with primary sector engaging close to 75.70% of the workforce and rest 24. It stands 32nd on 8 Energy the Human Development Index 854 Electrified Villages number th (0. Most of the district is hilly and has a majority of population as rural (92.97% (HDI.7%) and of this more than 70% as tribals (Bhils). provisional) Total population Men Women SC (2001) ST (2001) With 368 the density of Total literate percent 60. km number number Hectares Hectares number number number number number 23 8' N o 73 7' E 3770 04 976 385593 19868 1388906 698069 690837 45986 721487 o 4 Total Area Total Irrigated area 5 Population (census 2011. Rajasthan. There was a decrease in the decadal growth of population (26. 32 and 30 Upper Primary number 719 respectively) which pulls the Secondary & Sr.10% (30th ranked) of the area of the state.a snapshot (1.39 for 2001-11) showing trends of population stabilization.7’E.65 to 25. Colleges number 13 As per provisional census 2011 ITI number 02 data. The worker participation rate in Dungarpur was 47. On north it has been bounded by Udaipur with river Som forming boundary for major parts.no 1 Section LOCATION Latitude Longitude AREA Total geographical area ADMINISTRATION Tehsil Villages Land Use Pattern Unit Quantity/ Value 2 3 degree min degree min Sq. S. It is one of the smallest districts of the state covering just 1. Secondary number 234 district on overall HDI ranking 11 Higher Education / Others to the lower side of the state.5. health and income th nd th Pre Primary & Primary Schools number 1850 index (30 .1 Demographic Profile: Dungarpur is situated in the southernmost with coordinates of 23. 2011Women percent 46.88 lakhs Figure 154 Dungarpur District Profile. Dungarpur accounts for Polytechnic number 00 population of 13. 2009) Registered MSME units number 3232 (0. River Mahi provides the boundary with Banswara district on the east and south with districts of Gujarat on its west.66 a high of 08 (Census.78 population in the state ranks at Men percent 74.11.409) and 30 on the GDI 9 Industries (DIC.4% in secondary & tertiary sectors. It was observed that Employed persons number 11647 the district fares quiet low on 10 Education education.420).

06%.2%) & ST (65. Dungarpur has also been Figure 155 Dungarpur vs. A total of over 6000 students enroll in various institutes at colleges & ITI. There were just a total of two registered vocational training institutes in Dungarpur district (02 ITI). At the intermediate college level. 5.11. A detailed view of the vocational training of Dungarpur could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs. preference of the youth for these trades.1%) population as per 2001 census. 2009-10Dungarpur Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 04 partners (includes 02 NGO. teachers and enrolment (rated as one of the districts with high dropout rates). 01 mobile unit and 01 KVK) implementing skilling initiatives with 18 approved programs (16 are completed). courses are available in the area of science. As per the updated report available on 2000 1800 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 1850 719 234 13 Pre Primary &Primary Upper Primary Sec/ Sr Sec Colleges ITI 2 Figure 156 Number of Schools. the male literacy figure stands at 74. A total of just above 3000 aspirants got enrolled in 2009-10 in the registered training institutes.the participation rate is higher than the urban by close to 17% (Urban. ITI & Polytechnic.22%). Rajasthan education status among the districts with high one room schools and with more than 30% of schools with single teacher (HDI.19% & Rural. Colleges. 2008). 2008. 285 . One of the most important features of the district is the higher incidence of SC (4.98%. According to Census 2011 provisional Dungarpur has a total of 3050 schools from pre-primary to senior secondary levels with DISE reports stating that close to 50% remain less functional for major portions of academic year due to various reasons.49. Dungarpur faces Upper Primary 38889 719 real time constraints in terms of basic schooling Sec/ Sr Sec 19135 234 infrastructure. The supply constraint in case of education infrastructure was evident as per reports of Rajasthan HDI report. scope of placement and livelihood.66% and female literacy was at a low of 46. According to Census 2011 provisional data.32. The literacy rate of Dungarpur in 2011 is 60.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization Dungarpur’s status in literacy was marked lower than the Education Dungarpur Rajasthan state average even though there has been recorded Pre Primary 49546 1850 improvement in the literacy among males (8%) and also in &Primary females (15%) as decadal improvement. arts and commerce. The retention rate of students in schools of Jalore is quiet low which also contributes to the drop in literacy rates and status of education.78% which is far lower than the state figure of 67.

VTI Trades Cutting & Sewing Electrical Fitter Mechanic (Diesel) Welder Wireman Turner Pvt. 286 . food processing. the number of actual trainees compared to the number of approved number of trainees is more or less same across all most all the trades except cutting & sewing trade in government VTI where the difference was a bit high (under-utilized) as compare to other trade. In private VTIs the courses were more male oriented.11. Although the companies prefer persons either having higher qualifications or are from the related educational background there is still ample scope for the youths who will be trained in this field c) Repair Services: The numbers of electronic and electrical based equipment are on a rise. Private players have not yet ventured in a big way eventually leaving a vast scope for skilled intervention of the district and catering the needs for skilling youths of the district in fields as follows: a) Computer Based Accountancy and computer operators: With number of small scale industries coming up in the region the educated youth having the basic education levels could be engaged in computer courses for accountancy (VAT & TALLY) and data entry operators for industries and government development projects. dairy etc. It would demand for a more skilled workforce and hence the skilling opportunities remain high The government VTIs interviewed in the survey was two and one was from the private. Also. The owners of these are in need of economical.5. VTI Trades Electrical Fitter Figure 157 Courses offered in government and private VTIs The total 03 VTIs (02 government+0 1 private) were covered in the sample as there were only three available for the survey. banks/insurance or agro based products firms which are growing by the day. b) Sales Persons: Sales and Marketing has emerged as one of the trades where the demand from industry whether it is cement.3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Dungarpur district The existing scenario of VTIs in Dungarpur was certainly on the lower side considering the number of youths passing out and the existing vocational training institutes in the district. the wiring and fitting of household electric equipment is on the rise. It appears that electrical and fitter is the most popular trade in VTIs as private VTIs were offering only these two trades. efficient easy access to repair and maintenance which can be easily produced in local economy through skilling d) Agriculture & Allied: In the areas of agriculture. fisheries. It appears that in government as well as in private VTIs. The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Dungarpur are represented as follows: Govt. The courses which were offered by the government VTIs were predominantly engineering based or to cater the local market needs. a high potential of self-employment could be found. The government VTIs and private VTIs sampled for the study offer 7 and 2 trades for training (respectively).

Average salary/trainee indicates towards good prospect in electrical trade as government VTIs had reported that the trainee from this trade got the highest placement of Rs. Chemical based units. It seems that employment exchanges were not playing any role in placements. The placement in private VTI is not very attractive as only 8000 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 7000 5750 5000 5000 6500 0 Figure 158 Dungarpurdistrict’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government VTIs 4 out of 20 trainees got placed post completion of training. Oil and dal mills. Green marble. It may be due to the fact that most of the welding trade trainees seek self-employment. Printing press. Apart from the minerals the main existing industries were from the following groups of industries:Acrylic and blended yarns.000/Month from their institute. 5. The important ones were Soapstone. 8.11. The trends across all the trades show a slightly increasing or static demand from the data on number of trainees by trade over time in the government VTIs whereas private VTIs had started their operation last year only. Placements of trainees from the government VTIs was more through campus interviews but they had also done placement through proactive approach to the industry by the VTIs and the trainees themselves while the placements in private VTIs was through proactive approach to the industry.4 Industry Mapping Dunagarpur has a rich assemblage of minerals. The governments VTIs were well equipped with upgraded technologies while the private VTI lacked the basic infrastructure. General engineering Marble chips and powder. base metal like copper etc.An overview of placement records by trade in the government VTIs indicates stronger prospects in all most all of the trades with the exception of welding trade. More often the courses provided were less oriented for direct placement in the market rather introduced the aspirants for self-employment for males (private VTI) and as another home based know how for females (tailoring in government VTI). 287 . Fluorite.

79 9951 3168 10815 3328 11628 12431 13176 13755 3488 3648 3808 3968 2007 2043. Spun yarn Textiles MSME in Dungarpur According to D. Marble slabs and tiles. The main existing industries are leather based.C.79 lakhs providing employment to 13755 persons.Workshops. metals and minerals and wooden based. 288 .I.69 15000 10000 5000 0 Investment (Rs.11. 5. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis shall be made on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment. Handloom cloth.69 9951 3168 2008 2646.5 Sector wise mapping of industries District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below. there were 03 large and medium scale industries engaging close to 2941 employees with an investment of Rs 230.C data (March.51 10815 3328 2009 3138. employment and numbers.13 11628 3488 2010 3648.18 crore. there were around 3968 MSME units set up in the district which were registered in D.58 12431 3648 2011 4180. One of the stone clusters of Rajasthan is at Salatwara of Dunagapur district. agri based. Rice Milling Masala grinding.13 3648.4425. This would necessarily factor in the concentration of SSI as the major parameter (due to small number of large scale industries) and would also represent any new sector other than the listed sectors existing in Dungarpur.51 3138. 2012). Apart from these. 25000 20000 2043. employment and thus. These industries have a capital investment of Rs.I.79 13755 3968 Figure 159 MSME trend analysis of the district Dungarpur There has been a constant increasing trend in the investment of industries. the number of units as well.58 4180. in Lacs) Employment (Numbers) Registered units (Numbers) 2646.49 4425.49 13176 3808 2012 4425.

The sample of employers consisted of functionaries from diverse industries located in Dungarpur district of Rajasthan. medium and small covering various growth sectors of the district as shown in the table.14 90. Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging Units 459 22 Investment (Rs lakhs) 183. Cutting & Polishing Textile & Handloom Table 117 Break up of industries in Dungarpur (Sample study) In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set up stratified sample of 10 industries were selected (depending on the `employer group set up). The 10 industries were sampled for the survey to represent 5 major sectors that are prominent in the district as shown in the table. 2007 Sectors covered under sample survey Construction Material & Building Hardware Food Processing & Products Machinery. Hospitality & Trade Stones & Quarrying Mines.emp>1000 Units>100. PF scheme. investment>100. 289 . Metals & Minerals Machinery. emp>750 Units> 10.65 2065 Units>200. emp>30 Investment & demand based sectors of districtDIC Table 116 Sector wise mapping of industries in Dungarpur as per DIC report.07 103. These industries were selected from large. investment>180. All the sampled firms had some popular worker welfare schemes such as ESI scheme. investment> 30.09 1593 478 746. Electricals & Manufacturing Stone Querying.District /Sectors Agriculture & Allied Auto & Auto Components Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Food Processing Furniture & Furnishing Leather & leather goods Textile & Handloom Unorganized Sector Building Construction & Real Estates Education & Skill Development Healthcare IT & ITES Tourism.01 2545 733 717. Housing scheme and provision of food for their workers.90 190.66 1420 1380 952 414 495. Travel. Health scheme.27 Employment 1616 76 411 495 220 233.

semi-skilled and unskilled showed the following trend in the sampled industries (as shown in the figure) Percentage of required workforce 321 625 1190 134 664 500 Unskilled Semi-Skilled Required 121 50 Current 9 25% 10% 65% Initial 6 0 1000 Skilled 1500 Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled Figure 160 Workforce engagement under various stages and the percentage of required strength of workers (Dungarpur sample) The demand for skilled workers continued to be on the higher side especially in textile industries and stone and quarrying industries. Expansion lead to more and more worker and this resulted to increase in workers’ strength. Textile & Handloom sector industries have increased the current in-take of worker to almost six fold as compare to workers’ count at the time of indu stry establishment. For all other sector industries. the demand and the current absorption of semi-skilled workers were lower than the skilled workers and similar was the requirement trend as well (just 10% required across industries). 290 .6 Workforce Demand and Supply Of the salient features of the workforce in the district were as follows:a) The overall participation of population in economic activities was 47. d) In the sample data on skilled workforce indicate a little increase in the workforce at present since establishment of industries across all the sectors except Textile & Handloom sector industries. demand for more unskilled workforce was reported by Textile and Handloom sector only. There is steep decline in the main workers and increase in marginal workers showing the changing workforce engagement in the district.97 % (dependency ratio of almost 1:1).5. e) In case of unskilled workforce. animal husbandry and fisheries followed by service sector engaging in repairs and electrical services. Demand for skilled worker was also reported in these sector industries only. b) Rural employment could be majorly seen engaged in agricultural related jobs (75. Incidentally. with higher rate of male participation. c) The workforce categorized under skilled. Two industries covered under Textile & Handloom sector were very big and these industries have expanded their operation over the period of time.11.5% engaged in primary sector). Moreover. there is no rise in workers’ count.

7 Projected Workforce Demand It has been observed that the percentage of skilled workers have multiplied over the years in small establishments but in large and medium there have been marginal increase in comparison.5 3. 5. In general.5 4 across all the 3 3.7 3. 291 . Recruitment of required workers was done from known sources such as own workers which appeared to be the most reliable method of recruitment for most of the industries apart from textile & handloom sector industries who recruit the people from VT institutions and through employment exchange only. Stone Textile & Material & Processing & Electricals & Querying. the emerging occupations and new establishments demand for workers on year on year basis could be something on following lines: Electrical & Electronics IT & computer Wooden work Workshops & Auto Marble & stone work Service Sector Manufacturing & Allied Textile & Handloom Table 118 Expected year wise requirement in selected sectors as suggested by industrial bodies in Dungarpur 750 160 240 510 210 2000 2300 2700 The survey brought out a yearly requirement of close to 25.7 5 4 4 4 parameters showing 3.In terms of industries’ requirements and the market trends the primary survey provides the major demand in terms of expectations from the employers were skills 25 and learning and 5 5 20 5 development.11. semi-skilled and unskilled categories majorly in daily or contract based laborers. One could observe a similar requirement in the skilled daily wage labor requirement and unskilled contract based requirements.5 3. This clearly validates the mindset of the industry houses to engage less skilled workers and increase the intake of semi-skilled workers. Handloom were high for the Building Products Manufacturing Cutting & workers and so the Hardware Polishing need for engaging Skills Loyalty Learning & Development Aspirations Career Growth skilled professional Productivity & Efficiency workforce was Figure 161 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Dungarpur) substantiated.000 workforces (including agriculture & allied) across various sectors engaged in industries.5 4. Overall 4 3 4.5 4 15 the employers were 4 4 4 5 5 above average ranked 10 4 3.3 0 the expectations set Construction Food Machinery. The sampled industries demonstrate their intentions to expand the worker base across the skilled.

Appreciable workforce trends showcase the need of workforce in the services and industries increasing to 33% in secondary and tertiary sectors by 2017. secondary and tertiary sectorsDungarpur There exists difference in the projections of semi-skilled workforce from the surveyed response due to the difference in defining skilled workforce as per the local industries and that of the standard practice. The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall be used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings. Hardware & Home Furnishings Leather & Leather Goods IT or software Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled 292 . Based on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the workforce projections were made across different categories. The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: Sectors Automobiles & Auto Components Food processing Electronics Hardware Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden & paper) Textile & Garments Building.Sectors Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semi-skilled Skilled Total Demand 2010-11 238820 19469 1298 259587 28351 13085 2181 43617 10257 23932 34189 68378 277428 56486 37668 371582 2011-12 239962 19562 1304 260828 30333 14000 2333 46667 10839 25291 36130 72260 281134 58853 39767 379754 2012-13 2013-14 Agricultural Sector 233007 231943 18995 18908 1266 1261 253269 252112 Industry Sector 29828 30776 13767 14204 2294 2367 45890 47348 Services Sector 11071 11356 25833 26496 36905 37852 73809 75704 All Sectors 273907 274075 58595 59609 40465 41480 372968 375164 2014-15 248144 20229 1349 269722 31053 14332 2389 47773 11563 26980 38543 77086 290759 61541 42280 394581 2015-16 241514 19689 1313 262515 31664 14614 2436 48714 11895 27755 39650 79299 285074 62058 43398 390529 2016-17 244369 19921 1328 265618 31871 14710 2452 49033 12087 28204 40292 80583 288327 62835 44071 395234 % of manpower 67% 13% 20% 100% Table 119 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary.

Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Education/ Skill Development Banking. Keeping in mind the high rate of workforce participation from unskilled masses and the existing demand of skilled workforce. the significance would be to target training to atleast 40.ITES. The analysis factored in industry linkages with vocational training institutes.BPO Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Tourism. employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging.34 lakh.8 Skill Gap Analysis The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument. Electricals & Manufacturing Mining. Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement Table 120 Workforce across various sectors by 2017.Dungarpur 5. district officials and 293 . structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill requirements of the industries identified in the district on the basis of manpower absorption and production in high growth industries in the district.11. Workforce Demand & Supply Gap Workforce Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 14642 27463 6258 18327 29125 7208 10666 29274 10629 9909 29752 12584 25939 30081 13669 19881 30682 16347 22377 30829 18585 Table 121 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 The incremental demand for skilled and semi-skilled workforces gives a gap of over 0. Insurance & Finance Healthcare Machinery.000 youths by 2017. As per the indepth interviews conducted with senior functionaries of industry associations.

marbles & textile industries. Land for establishment of industries remained a problem. the need and dependence for skilled manpower by the local small scale industries was not well pronounced. The less number of VTIs are not fulfilling the needs of the industries. aspirations mapped Self employed against their attitudes to take up sustainable livelihoods Unemployed work.11. 10 10 20 20 The youth were covered from the categories of employed.9 Youth Aspirations The study of the perceptions. The trained person does not meet the requirement of the industries since they have lack of practical experience in the particular industrial knowledge. Investments are not good though growing at slower pace. Demand for skilled workforce (skilled) would be increasing over next three to five years keeping in mind the increasing investment pattern of the district in the MSME for last five years. The in-depth interactions were held with 60 Trainees respondents across the various categories of youth to provide Table 122 Youth Profile of sample in deep insight on their aspirations and perceptions.Plastic shall be considered as the emerging sectors. All the respondents were covered from registered VTIs for relevance in skilling initiatives of the state government. Cement & PVC. MGNREGA contributes to the skill gap and availability of workforce for the industries. unemployed and trainees (as shown in the table above). aspirations and perceptions. Major employment would be perceived in stones. Availability of skilled man power was also one of the pronounced problems. 5. Some of the important findings were as follows:Situation is not conducive enough to support industrial growth in Dungarpur. Water supply was not sufficient but supply of power was good. attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Dungarpur district to understand what the youth think. 294 . self-employed.observations. 38% of the youth covered were college educated and 62% had completed/ drop out from high school education. Interview schedules (60 youths) and FGD with youths in college were used to draw inferences of their thought process. of self and Dungarpur people associated/related with them. Manpower requirement of government establishments would also be providing sustainable livelihoods if addressed properly. why they think the way they do and how does society respond to their hopes. aspirations. Youth Category The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to Employed understand the perceptions of youth. Scope of self-employment and entrepreneurship in the district remains on a relatively lower side.

00 4.00 3.53 6.00 7. 13%. trade was fitter and electrical i.80 3. A minimum wage hike of Rs 3500 was expected among youths across various trades.52 Assessmen Utility of Satisfactio Access to Capability Availability Satisfactio t of overall vocational n with VT VT of VT of latest n with skill level training institutions Institutions Institution' technologi monetary received in in own s faculty in es and returns providing district teaching equipment received skills skills for VT Dungarpur 7.52 Need for further advanced training 4. The reason for the same seems to be the demand for this course in the market.00 7.11. As identified by the respondents.e. welder and mechanic were the courses most sought by the self-employed after electrical.00 . The maximum numbers of unemployed youth (70% of sample) were from fitter clearly highlighting the surplus supply followed by electrical and technicians (10% each). the satisfaction with VTI was overall rated 7 and above.00 1.60 7.78 6.Preferred Trade for Training 13% Trade Profile of self employed youths 20% 10% 10% 40% 20% Trade profile of unemployed youths 10% 5% 5% 10% 88% 70% Electrical Fitter Electrician Machine operator Mechanic Shop Welding shop Electrical Lift teachanician Wireman Fitter Welder Figure 162 Profile of respondents (trainee.78 6.75 7.60 7.80 8.10 Youth’s Perception 7.53 6.75 7. most sought.00 4. Similarly.30 3. self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Dungarpur Among the respondents. Second.00 2. inclination towards electrical and fitter courses was found very high as around 88% of the youth surveyed had chosen electrical as a preferred trade during his/her training at VTI. 5. The capability of VTIs faculty members and the utility of these training were among the most highly rated parameters among the group of youths.00 7. 295 .00 5.00 6. need and aspirations –Sample Group Satisfaction with current monetary returns and need for advanced training emerged as the two least rated factors on a scale of 10.30 Figure 163 Dungarpur Youth’s perception.

semi-skilled and unskilled).The general aspirations were mapped by conducting FGDs with the youths from various categories and the following responses were evidently represented 12000 by the group: 10000 a) Better salaries.sample group. ITC. Training institutions and the basic Dungarpur infrastructure for skilling suggests for more number of institutes (from various training capabilities) at district and block level which would in turn determine the linkages with the industries and institutions from various sectors as shown in the diagram below.34 lakh of skilled. projection and analysis highlights the requirement of 0. unskilled and semiFigure 164 .11. Polytechnic. work 8000 satisfaction. skilled demand.) and the sector wise institutions/industries. 296 . family security and learning 6000 4000 new technologies (respective trades) 2000 were the desires and expectations of the youth from the employment Current Expected Monthly Monthly b) Families expected from them to Income (Avg) Income (Avg) get engaged in government jobs or wellMonthly Income (Avg) paid jobs in big firms Dungarpur 8475 11889 c) Families supported the cause of getting vocational training in all the cases and no support was evidently provided by the banks. institutions of training (VTI. Income current and expected. d) Communicative English and computer training were generally undertaken by local training centres for better job opportunities e) ITI training were more to get government jobs as 6 out of 10 felt that self.employment had least scope in terms of secured future and sustainable growth f) Most of the youths find difficulties taking up other trades post training and the adaptability remains low in terms of acceptance of other trades Monthly Income (Avg)-Dungarpur 5.11 Optimization Plan The optimization plan would be structured at three tier level of district comprising of target segment (skilled. The preliminary gap finding. government etc. ITI. colleges etc.

textiles. furniture and wooden works. chemical and services and therefore would require increasing linkages with the related institutions for skilled workforce absorption NSDC would be an enabler to lead the training partners specifically in textiles and food processing by encouraging specifically designed proposals with increasing the linkages in industry associations and PPP models.Figure 165 Optimization plan. life skills and basics in computer would be the key areas of skill development training. Course curriculum designed to cater for the institutions fuctions in these segments should be the focus. 297 .Skill Development Eco System-Dungarpur The key stakeholders’ contribution in enabling to achieve the target (as shown in the figure) would be as follows: a. Along with these. specific course curriculum designed for communicative English. State: The state to target the skilled and semi-skilled segment for skilled training by creating additional 15 skill development centres (VTIs) in the district level of operations. c. The stone based clusters could be encouraged through advocacy to engage more skilled wage labourers by designing end to end solutions for engaging skilled workforce and highlighting the benefits to the industries. Industries: The primary sectors of high human resource requirement would be agriculture and livestock based. b. marbles and allied textile based and mineral based industries in the district. mineral based including marble handicrafts. Training Partners: The sectors for engaging more skilled workforce would be in services. It should encourage the private training partners to participate and operate in the district due to its large base of workers involved in secondary and tertiary sectors.

5.12 District Bundi 298 .

- - - - - - - - 299 .

Secondary Higher Education / Others Colleges ITI Polytechnic area of the state. but its due to the education and health index (22nd and 20th respectively) which pulls the district on overall HDI ranking to second.68% of the state population and ranked 30th) with sex ratio of 922 (compared to 2001 census figure of 907) which was on the lower side of the state ratio of 926.a snapshot density of population in the state ranks at 22 (Census. Bundi accounts for population of 11. and is surrounded on three sides by hills of the Aravalli Range. The Indargarh step well is considered as one of the most attractive places in the Bundi district. The town of Indragarh and its nearby places is famous for the renowned temples of Kali and Kamleshwar.12.52 47.13 lakhs (1. the land of the Hadas.504). The southern tehsils of Bundi forms a wedge between Bhilwara and Kota and also touches Chittorgarh district.5. It is located at 25.64°E and an average elevation of 268 metres (879 feet). A substantial wall with four gateways encircles the city. As per provisional census 2011 data. It was observed that the district fares quiet high on income index (10th). The river Chambal forms the southern and eastern boundaries separating the Bundi and Kota territories.1 Demographic Profile: The district is situated in the southeastern part of Rajasthan.649) and 10th on the GDI (0. It is bound in the north by Tonk. There was a decrease in the decadal 300 .31 76. With 193 the Table 123 Bundi District Profile. It stands 13th on the Human Development Index (0.44°N 75.00 828 1437 5785 1040 679 270 09 04 0 o 4 5 6 8 9 10 11 Literacy (except 0-6 age group) Total literate Men Women Energy Electrified Villages Industries (DIC. It ranks as the 22 largest district of the state covering 1. in the west by Bhilwara and on the southwest by Chittorgarh districts.Provisional).68 % of the nd S. especially during the rainy season. 2011. The city lies near a narrow gorge. The district Bundi is known as the Queen of Hadoti. 2009) Registered MSME units Employed persons Education Pre Primary & Primary Schools Upper Primary Secondary & Sr.n o 1 Section LOCATION Latitude Longitude AREA Total geographical area ADMINISTRATION Tehsil Villages Land Use Pattern Total Area Total Irrigated area Population (census 2011) Total population Men Women SC (2001) ST (2001) Unit Quantity/ Value 2 3 degree min degree min sq km number number Hectares Hectares number number number number number percent percent percent number number number number number number number number number 25 44' N o 75 64' E 5776 5 873 581938 263345 1113725 579385 534340 174346 194851 62.

12.growth of population of about 9% showing trends of population stabilization (15. There Sec/ Sr Sec 19135 270 are good educational facilities in Bundi district.00% of the workforce and rest 28% in secondary & tertiary sectors. Rajasthan. ITIs. The retention rate as per DISE. the scope for skilled intervention of the district and catering the needs for skilling youths of the district in fields of requirement and demand as per market shall be the need of the hour to address the skill shortage. scope of placement and livelihood. Rajasthan education status towns in the hinterland. arts and commerce. Also it has 09 general degree colleges. which serve both townspeople and inhabitants of surrounding villages and Table 124 Bundi vs. 2009-10 is just 53. and seeking employment as skilled workforce. A total of over 6400 students enroll in various institutes at colleges and ITIs. Therefore. There are 1040 pre-primary and primary schools. 5. 679 upper primary schools and 270 secondary and senior secondary schools. As observed from the secondary data.12. 5.70 decadal growths for provisional 2001-11 data). 2008) with primary sector engaging close to 72.52% & 47% respectively) with growing trends of literacy among them. A detailed view of the vocational training of Bundi could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs. preference of the youth for these trades.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization Bundi’s status in literacy was marked on the lower side than Education Bundi Rajasthan the state average but also marked by the low male and Pre Primary 49546 1040 female literacy.40%). courses are available in the area of science. As per the updated report available on Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 07 partners (includes ITC. These courses were predominantly 301 .51.3 VTI’s demand across various trades The existing scenario of VTIs in Bundi is on the lower side considering the number of youths passing out. Both the male and female literacy rates were below the state figures (76. At the intermediate college level.33% & Rural.30. The literacy rate of Bundi in 2011 is 62. The worker participation rate in Bundi was 47. the number of graduates and aspirants from ITI & polytechnics are also on the higher side compared to the number of training providers existing in the district. Though literacy has improved over the years &Primary but the overall figure as shown in the census 2011 Upper Primary 38889 679 (provisional) does not seem to do good for the state. government colleges & KVK) implementing skilling initiatives with 11 approved programs (07 are completed). The primary survey was carried out in 10 sample VTIs (3 ITI & 7 ITC).47% (HDI.4% from primary to upper primary suggesting that the drop outs are high and maximum youths of 10th or below are available for skilled training. Private players have not yet penetrated in a big way but started with the formal education (private schools) space and few ITCs as well. In rural areas the participation rate is higher than the urban by close to 21% (Urban. and 04 industrial training institutes (ITI). The government VTIs/ ITI provided 05 different courses in training whereas it was 04 courses in the ITC.31% which remained on the lower side of the state though with an increase of more than 6% than 2001 census results.

The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Bundi are represented in the below table: Private VTI Trades (ITC) Fitter Electrical Government VTI Trades (ITI) Electrical Fitter An analysis of the primary suvey suggested the following results: Fitter was the most popular trade in ITI whereas electrical inITCs as private VTIs offered Mechanic (Diesel) Electronics more than 10 times seats in electrical trade as Welder compare to ITI.9 ITC 100 83.675. the number of actual trainees Wireman compared to the number of approved number of Table 125 Bundi district’s (sample study) courses offered trainees was more or less same across all most all the trades except electrical and fitter where the difference is a bit high as compare to other trade. Popularity of electrical trade applications was the highest but still the seats went unutilised. gap between the actual and approved strengths of trainees was significantly high for electrical and diesel mechanic trades in private VTIs.2 75 100 100 80 60 40 20 0 72. ITCs had better placement scenario as most of the trades provided placement from the institute directly in the market. ITI 100 100 80 60 40 20 0 ELECTRICAL % Placed by Trade FITTER Average Salary Package (in '00 Rs) % Placed by Trade Average Salary Package (in '00 Rs) 28.engineering and self-employment based or to cater the local market needs. 302 .4 53.857. Mechanic (Diesel) • In the ITIs. 4500/month). Electrical trade was most promising in terms of placement as it accounted for more than 70% of placement in the VTIs.5 14. It was due to the fact that most of the diesel mechanic trade trainees seek self-employment. Electronics trade clicked the highest placement percentage though with low average salary (Rs.3 45 Figure 166 Bundi district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government and private VTIs An overview of placement records by trade in the VTIs surveyed indicated stronger prospects in most of the trades with the exception of diesel Mechanic trade. On the other hand.

4 Industry Mapping The most important mineral resources of Bundi are limestone and sandstone. Government VTIs appear to be under staffed in managerial academic fields where as private VTIs were well staffed. However most of the deposits are marginal cement grade and also fall in forest. In terms of infrastructure all the government VTI had hostel facility for boys but none for girls whereas none of the private VTIs had any hostel facility for boys or girls. ITCs increased maximum seats as the demand for electrical skilled persons was high.12. the private VTIs had adopted to the more contemporary approach of conducting campus interviews for placement by prior liaison with the industries. These VTIs were well upgraded with basic minimum standards of facilities available. clay etc. 5. iron. While placements of trainees from the VTIs was more through a proactive approach to the industry by the VTIs and the trainees themselves. Other minerals include silica sand. ITC 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 2010-11 2009-10 2008-09 FITTER ELECTRONICS 2007-08 100 80 60 40 20 0 2010-11 2009-10 ITI 2008-09 2007-08 FITTER 2006-07 ELECTRICAL MECHANIC (DIESEL) ELECTRICAL MECHANIC (DIESEL) Figure 167 Bundi district’s (sample study) various trade’s aspirant strength over a period in ITI & ITC The trends across all the trades show a slightly increasing or static demand from the data on number of trainees by trade over time in the ITI whereas in ITCs the seats have increased considerably.Average salary/trainee indicates towards good prospect in electrical trade as ITIs have reported that their trainee got placement Rs. Transport facilities to trainees were absent in the ITI & ITCs. Though some of the trainee from private VTIs got their placement through employment exchange but it seems that employment exchanges were not playing a major role in placements. 10. The limestone deposits cater to one of the oldest cement plant of state at Lakheri. Diesel mechanic trade was a recent inclusion in the ITCs though it has not performed as expected in the ITI. marble. Trades like welder and wireman did not have students registered for past four years in the ITI. It has 06 industrial areas with some of the main existing industries and services as : 303 .000/month from their institute.

2012). 40000 35000 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 Investment (Rs.10 crore. the number of employment as well.34 2254.I.15 18627 5680 14276 4555 15101 4780 16004 2037.C.15 lakhs providing employment to 18627 persons. The large scale industries existed mainly in cement (ACC). edible oil (Adani.60 16004 5005 2010 3135. units and thus.C data (March.60 5463. in Lacs) Employment (Numbers) Registered units (Numbers) 2007 2037. sandstone (slabs & blocks).08 2767.63 17756 5455 2012 12918. Major exportable items were rice.34 14276 4555 2008 2254. DIC-2008 According to D. 1590.15 16863 17756 18627 5005 5230 5455 5680 Figure 169 MSME trend analysis of the district Bundi.12918. DIC 2012 There has been a constant increasing trend in the investment of industries.Rice mill Readymade garments Oil mill Stone cutting & polishing Brick kiln Hand loom Lime kiln Wooden furniture Lacquer work Artificial jewelry Agriculture Implements Painting Cement & Sheet metal cement products Fabrication Leather work Earthen ware Iron Fabrication Wheat processing & grading Computer data Trator Repairing Electrical Item processing Servicing Motor rewinding Electronics Item Cycle repairing repairing center MSME in Bundi Printing press Stone carving Auto mobile Mobile work shop work shop Beauty parlor Figure 168 Industries in services and other sectors of the district.I.97 12918. It also has 07 registered large and medium industries engaging 1629 persons with production value of Rs. 304 . Ruchi & Bunge India). These industries have a capital investment of Rs. there were around 5680 MSME units set up in the district which were registered in D.08 15101 4780 2009 2767.97 16863 5230 2011 5463. It has two clusters in Bundi and Roteda of rice and handloom respectively. edible oils.63 3135.

5 Sector wise mapping of industries in the district District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the 20 high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below. printing press.21 5. Metals & Minerals Machinery. and Germany. Pakistan. 5. from Bundi. Also. 2007 305 . The Bundi district does not have any ancillary industry. In the district many service enterprises were working like hotels & restaurants.55 1128 867 2133 1774 55 27. ware housing & packaging Mines. investment>100. cold storage. District /Sectors Agriculture & Allied Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Food Processing Furniture & Furnshing Leather & leather goods Textile Service Sector Building Construction & Real Estates Education & Skill Development Handloom IT & ITES Tourism. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis shall be made on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment. employment and numbers. Packed fortune Oil and Fatty Acid Distillate were exported to Singapore. decoration. Soya DE oiled Cake. investment>200.91 Employment 3949 418 518 289 847 554 187. This would necessarily factor in the concentration of SSI as the major parameter (due to small number of large scale industries) and would also represent any new sector other than the listed sectors existing in Bundi. investment> 10. Birgang-China.20 526. emp>30 Investment & demand based sectors of districtDIC Figure 170 Sector wise mapping of industries in Bundi as per DIC report.5 220 821 1807.78 174. auto mobile workshop. Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging Units 53 90 Investment (Rs lakhs) 2063. offset printing. marriage halls.63 3367 Units>500. Rice gets exported to U. Hospitality & Trade Transportation. Similarly oil industries have shown 10-12% annual growth due to their strategic location and technology.60 205. laundry.E.A. tent house. Mustard DE oiled Cake.12. The main reason for this is Kota an industrial city is only 35 Kms. Travel. Logistics.In the district rice industries have shown 15-20% annual growth due to their strategic location and adoption of the modern technologies.3 3475 1237 348. emp>200 Units> 10. the stone industries have registered 5-8% growth due to availability of raw material and advance technology. transportation packaging industry and packaged food industry etc.emp>400 Units>100.

Work shop stone cutting Hotel Automobile work shop Mineral water Rice Flakes Motor body Card board boxes Paper cones Aluminum fitting/ Readymade garment Resource Based Rise mill Pulse mill Oil mill Stone crusher Lime kiln Animal fodder/ Cattle feed Bricks kiln Stone cutting & polishing Flour mill Cement pipe plants Fruit juce Dairy product Garlic pearls Table 126 Potential industries providing employment to the semi-skilled workforce in Bundi Sectors covered under sample survey AGRICULTURE & ALLIED BUILDING & CONSTRUCTION CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL & BUILDING HARDWARE STONE QUERYING. handloom and leather. There has been an increase of MSME from 2007-2012 with an increase in investment and employment. 306 . furniture and manufacturing sector. These industries were selected from large. agri and allied.There have been many MSME coming up in the district engaging the semi-skilled workforce. CUTTING & POLISHING TEXTILE & HANDLOOM TOURISM. Some of the major employment engagement in the district happens in the sectors of mines and minerals. Some of the demand and resource based industries which have come up in the district were as follows:Demand Based Spices Wooden furniture Iron fabrication Steel metal Engg. TRAVEL. medium and small industries covering various growth sectors of the district as shown in the table. HOSPITALITY & TRADE AGRICULTURE & ALLIED BUILDING & CONSTRUCTION Table 127 Break-up of industries in Bundi (Sample study) In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set up stratified sample of 13 industries was selected (depending on the availability of respondents’ of the employer group set up). The sample of employers consisted of senior level functionaries from 13 diverse industries located in the district.

current and required) 307 . As observed in the primary survey the. the demand for semi-skilled workforce was high in stone cutting and construction and lowest in hospitality and tourism. and textile industries. There has been declining trend of workforce share in primary sector.6 Workforce Demand and Supply The major workforce participation observed in Bundi district over a period of two decades has been majorly engaged in primary sector and majorly has been an agrarian district. electrical and leather. The requirement for semi-skilled workforce was higher than the skilled workforce in the overall industries though a very marginal requirement was mentioned. semi-skilled workforce and unskilled workforce across sectors (Sample Bundi) at various stages (initial. close to 7% and a gradual shift to secondary and tertiary sectors. Unskilled workers were more or less engaged in stone related industries. tiles and stones.12. Engagement in secondary and tertiary sector shows an increasing trend as per the industrial growth of the district and the educational sector provides the major structure to engage the majority of the unorganized sector. Skilled workforce was more required by the stone quarrying and related industries.5. HOSPITALITY & TRADE Figure 171 Status of skilled. CUTTING & POLISHING TOURISM. The below figure depicts the workforce requirements of the different sectors of the district in various phases of the industry: 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 Initial Current SKILLED Required Initial Current SEMISKILLED Required Initial Current UNSKILLED Required AGRICULTURE & ALLIED CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL & BUILDING HARDWARE TEXTILE & HANDLOOM BUILDING & CONSTRUCTION STONE QUERYING. textiles and the key to future employment for the district Kota in near future. construction and tourism. computer based knowledge. Looking at the present resources and skill set of the workforce furniture. TRAVEL.

current and required strength across sample industries of Bundi SKILLED 308 .8 4 3 4 3.5 3. The sampled industries demonstrate their intentions to expand the worker base across the skilled. Apparently the number of semi-skilled workers category has not grown but the need for unskilled contract/ daily wage laborers was also low.12.7 Projected Workforce Demand There has been marginal increase in the number of full time skilled workers over a period of time though majority of the industries interviewed feel the requirement of skilled workers over the semiskilled workers for their full time roles.5 4 4 3. semi-skilled and unskilled categories majorly in daily or contract based laborers to address the current shortage and not with the intentions to expand. A clear distinction could be observed in the preference of only skilled workers as the industries felt the imperative need to engage more of skilled workforce over the semi-skilled and unskilled.2 4 4 3 4 3 4 2 3 3 4 SKILLS LOYALTY LEARNING & DEVELOPMENT ASPIRATIONS CAREER GROWTH PRODUCTIVITY & EFFICIENCY Figure 172 Employers demands in terms of expectations fom workers (Bundi) In terms of industries’ requirements and the employer’s expectations the trends of the primary survey provides the major demand in terms of expectations from the employers were loyalty towards work and productivity/efficiency.5 3. 5. On a scale of 5 the least scaled were skills and learning & development aspect of the employee. UNSKILLED Required Current Initial Required Current Initial Required Current Initial 0 5 24 119 136 SEMISKILLE D 66 66 64 246 241 50 100 150 200 250 Figure 173 Status of workforce in terms of initial. The figure showcases the employer’s ranking of expectations on a scale of 5 across the various sectors.20 10 0 4 4 4 3 3 3 4 4 4 3 4.

Hardware & Home Furnishings Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled 309 .The secondary analysis of the projected workforce for the district under the three major segments of agriculture. Basis on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the workforce projections made across different categories highlight these distribution pattern. These projections account till 2017 of the district based on the growth of service sectors as projected by DIC reports. secondary and tertiary sectors Bundi The district shall continue to engage close close to 33% of the workforce in secondary and tertiary sector with services sector close to 18% and then industries engaging 15% of the total workforce. The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: Sectors Automobiles & Auto Components Food processing Electronics Hardware Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden & paper) Textile & Garments Building. The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall be used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings. industries and services would be as follows: % of manpower Sectors Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled Total demand 2010-11 284322 41716 2781 328819 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Agricultural Sector 286321 288432 290388 41244 2750 330315 41060 2737 332229 41663 2778 334829 2014-15 292311 42113 2808 337232 2015-16 294453 41905 2794 339152 2016-17 296465 42300 2820 341585 67% Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled Total demand 36174 12080 16013 64267 36654 12764 16827 66245 Industry Sector 37579 38713 12729 13252 17621 18329 67929 70294 Services Sector 14404 14825 28943 29926 41347 42752 84695 87503 All Sectors 340415 343926 82732 84841 61706 63858 38950 13362 18927 71239 39635 13678 19502 72814 40042 13866 19982 73890 15% Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled Total demand 13567 26990 38557 79113 14084 28197 40281 82562 15067 30489 43555 89110 15442 31364 44806 91611 15726 32026 45752 93504 18% Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled Total Demand 334063 80786 57351 337060 82205 59858 346328 85964 65290 349529 86947 67101 352233 88192 68554 472199 479122 484853 492625 497581 503577 508979 100% Figure 174 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary.

8 Skill Gap Analysis The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument.BPO Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Gems & Jewellery Tourism. Electricals & Manufacturing Mining. Insurance & Finance Healthcare Machinery. employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging.12. structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill requirements of the industries identified in the district on the basis of manpower absorption and production in high growth industries in the district. content creation. Entertainment. Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Organized Retail Real Estate Media. The situation of skill gap for the district for 2010-11 to 201617 based on projections is represented in the table below : Workforce Demand & Supply Gap Workforce Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled 2010-11 351026 37407 34063 2011-12 347223 36533 35471 2012-13 344877 34873 36019 2013-14 353133 34931 37063 2014-15 358637 33967 37485 2015-16 356864 32741 38305 2016-17 361827 31902 38829 Figure 176 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 310 . animation Education/ Skill Development Banking.Leather & Leather Goods IT or software ITES. The analysis would factor in industry linkages with vocational training institutes. Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement Figure 175 Workforce across various sectors by 2017-Bundi 5.

This upcoming conducive industrial and service sector environment would make Bundi an important centre of the state industrialization keeping in mind the skilled requirement of the district. aspirations. Investments were not good because power and water were major problems of the district. The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to understand the perceptions of youth. why they think the way they do and how does society respond to their hopes. Looking at the current trends. Therefore.12. their aspirations mapped against their attitudes to take up sustainable livelihoods work.) Mobile and Computer Repairing Call Centre and Data processing Automobile workshop Cold Storage 5. The government encouraged self-employment by providing subsidy on loan for self-employment & for establishing the small scale industries d) The extent of skilled labour migrating to nearby areas like Kota and effect of MGNREGA schemes have impacted the district’s workforce. attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Bundi district to understand what the youth think. the requirement of skilled workforce shall be almost equal to that of semi-skilled by keeping in mind the sectoral growth and the future of service industries. Interview schedules (60 youths) and FGD with youths in college were used to draw inferences of their thought process. Some of the important aspects to be kept in mind would be the following:a) The current situation was not conducive enough to support industrial growth in Bundi. c) Scope for self-employment and entrepreneurship in the district was found to be low. not completely though. e) Basmati Rice & Rice processing and Marbles and stone quarrying sector may absorb maximum skilled manpower in the near future f) In terms of service sector few of the important segments engaging skilled labour shall be Off Set printing and printing press Hotel and Restaurants Transportation Catering Service Laundry Video & Photography Motor winding & Pump Repairing Motor Vehicle repairing (Two Wheeler & Four Wheeler etc.9 Youth Aspirations The study of the perceptions. 311 . more dedicated skilling interventions shall be required. The skilled workforce requirement also shows comparatively very high requirement and just addressing the optimum utilization of current infrastructure and steady rate of inputs in education shall not resolving all the skill deficits of the district in all terms. b) The VTIs were fulfilling the needs of the industries. The in-depth interactions were held with 60 respondents across the various categories of youth had given rich information and understanding on their aspirations and perceptions. aspirations and perceptions.

The average age of the respondents was 26 years with majority (70%) interviewed at ITC and 30% at ITI.The youth were covered from the categories of employed. The choice of trades selected for self-employment were in synchrony with the market demand as plumbing(20%). fitter and mechanic courses were the most popular trades as per the perceived demand in the market. The relevance of these courses in terms of placement remained low as stated earlier. 68% of the youth covered were college educated and 32% had completed/ drop out from high school education. Unemployed youths majorly were from fitter trade followed by plumber and welder. 312 . Youth Category Employed Self employed Unemployed Trainees 10 10 20 20 Figure 177 Youth Profile of sample in Bundi Preferred Trade for Training Profile of self employed youths 10% 10% 20% 20% 10% 20% 10% Profile of Unemployed youths 33% 33% 34% 20% 10% 20% 15% 30% 5% Electrical Fitter Mechanic (Diesel) Beautician Computer shop Fitter Carpentar Cutting & sewing Plumber Electrical Mech (diesel) Turner Fitter Plumber Welder Figure 178 Profile of respondents (self-employed and unemployed) by trade in sample of Bundi Electrician. unemployed and trainees (as shown in the table). welding(20%) and fitting(20%) emerged as leading choices among the youths. self-employed. All the respondents were covered from registered VTIs for relevance in skilling initiatives of the state government.

28 6.00 2.5.52 5.00 4. need and aspirations –Sample Group Monthly Income (Avg)-Bundi 14667 9920 16000 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 Current Monthly Income (Avg) Satisfaction with current monetary returns and need for advanced training emerged as the two deterring factors identified by the respondents as the basic need to be addressed by the government and industry requirements.28 Bundi 7.48 Figure 179 Bundi Youth’s perception.00 5.00 .00 7.72 7.85 5. Bundi sampled youth.48 Assessment of overall skill level Utility of vocational training received Satisfaction with VT institutions in providing skills 6.85 7.75 8. The pay scale after skilling and few months of work experience enables for better financial negotiations among the youth.00 3.72 7. Youth 313 .78 7.85 Access to VT Institutions in own district 7.00 7.78 7.00 1.sample group.10 Youth’s Perception 7. Expected monthly salaries required a change of atleast Rs.12. 65% of the respondents did not receive any increment.75 Satisfaction with monetary returns received 5. 4500/month approximately as skilled workforce among 80% of the Expected Monthly Income (Avg) Bundi Monthly Income (Avg) 9920 14667 Figure 180 Income current and expected. There were pronounced needs for further advanced training provided for up-skilling and basic skilling in computer applications. Better skilling initiatives of the district do relate with the capabilities of the faculty and the utility of the vocational training as an important success factor.85 Need for further advanced training 5.52 Capability Availability of VT of latest Institution's technologie faculty in s and teaching equipment skills for VT 7.00 6.

Self-employment meant risk taking and less support from banks further accentuates the difficulties. etc. Electricity boards.Bundi Skill Eco-system 2017 The high priority sector which shall need maximum number of skilled workforce and less of semi-skilled workers shall be required in the resource based industries of the district. services and textiles. Lack of awareness programs was evident in terms of commodity risk and competitive market scenario. repair industries etc.expected to join a job. 5. Need for communicative English was realized for interviews and formal documentation only. 1.12. cement. railways. The demand based industries shall engage more of skilled resources in data processing. thermal power station. 314 . state and NSDC.11 Optimization Plan The optimization plan would be structured at three tier level of district. The training partners should target the skilling requirements of industries of the wooden and furnitures. either government (preferred) or private. Also. projection and analysis would be presented at every district level which would in turn determine the action plan of the state as represented in the below diagram. The overall scenario of the state would finally give major leads to apex bodies like NSDC for formulation of state specific portfolios to suit the requirements and address the future needs of the state in the skilled workforce. they should take into account the scope of enaging skilled workforce in marketing and direct employment in large scale industries in agro base and cement. were the preferred sectors.01l akh Figure 181 Optimization plan. The health and education sector would primarily engage the more highly skilled workforce. transport and logistics. The preliminary gap finding.

5.13 District Tonk 315 .

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01 984 7867 26840 1077 944 410 24 04 0 o 4 Total Area Total Irrigated area 5 Population (census 2011. As per provisional census 2011 data.07 percent of total state population. In 2011. S.321 respectively. 2011. 2009) Registered MSME units Employed persons Education Pre Primary & Primary Schools Upper Primary Secondary & Sr.29. In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Tonk one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). Tonk had population of 1.711 of which male and female were 7. Bundi district on the south. Kota district on the southeast.10 % of the area of the state. It stands 24th on the Human Development Index (0.no 1 Section LOCATION Latitude Longitude AREA Total geographical area ADMINISTRATION Tehsil Villages Land Use Pattern Unit Quantity/ Value 2 3 degree min degree min sq km number number Hectares Hectares number number number number number percent percent percent number number number number number number number number number 26 24' N o 76 16' E 7194 7 1183 717958 186198 1421711 729390 692321 233084 145891 62.27 46.Provisional). by Bhilwara district on the southwest and by Ajmer district on the west.421.46 78.1 Demographic Profile: Tonk District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India with its administrative headquarters as Tonk city. It is one of the twelve districts in Rajasthan currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). provisional) Total population Men Women SC (2001) ST (2001) 6 8 9 10 11 Literacy (except 0-6 age group) Total literate Men Women Energy Electrified Villages Industries (DIC.33 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. Tonk district population constituted 2.a snapshot 317 .5. There was change of 17.13.390 and 692. Tonk stood at 949 in sex ratio Table 128 Tonk District Profile.475). With just 198 the density of population in the state ranks at 20th (Census. It was observed that though the district fares quiet low on education. Secondary Higher Education / Others Colleges ITI Polytechnic It ranks as the 18th largest district of the state covering 2. Sawai Madhopur district on the east .571) and 21st on the GDI (0. The district is bordered with Jaipur district on the north . Tonk was also the capital city of the princely state of British India from 1817 to 1947. and health index (28thand 25th respectively) which pulls the district on overall HDI ranking to the lower side of the state.

At the intermediate college level. scope of placement and livelihood.01 respectively in the provisional census data. A detailed view of the vocational training of Tonk could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs. Tonk has also been among the districts with high drop. Rajasthan education status out rates as per HDI. Gender wise.46 and female literacy Pre Primary 49546 1077 marking the low of 46. 2008) with primary sector engaging close to 68.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization Tonk’s status in literacy was marked lower than the Education Tonk Rajasthan state average with just 62. There were just a total of four registered vocational training institutes in Tonk district. like in other parts of the state.Table 129 Tonk vs. male and female literacy were 78. A total of over 7250 students enroll in various institutes at colleges & ITI.3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Tonk district The existing scenario of VTIs in Tonk was certainly on the lower side considering the number of youths passing out and the existing vocational training institutes in the district. Private players have not yet 318 .13.97 of 2001. According to Census 2011 provisional Tonk has a total of 2431 schools which as per DISE reports have low retention rates and high drop outs.47. preference of the youth for these trades.13. The worker participation rate in Tonk was 43. 5. Colleges.01.70% of the workforce and rest 31.02% & Rural. A private management college caters for the business administration knowledge.46 compared to 51. arts and commerce.96% (HDI. courses are available in the area of science.31.27 and 46. The average literacy rate of Tonk in 2011 was 62. As per the updated report available on Rajasthan Mission on Skill Figure 182 Number of Schools. The enrolment rate of students.30% in secondary & tertiary sectors. 5. 2008. Rajasthan.Tonk 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 1077 944 410 24 Pre Upper Primary Primary &Primary Sec/ Sr Sec colleges 4 ITI and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 02 partners (includes 01 government school and 01 NGO) implementing skilling initiatives with 05 approved programs (03 are completed). In rural areas the participation rate is higher than the urban by close to 16% (Urban. A total of just above 220 aspirants got enrolled in 2009-10 in the registered training institutes with an average of just 68/institute/year. especially girl children in schools of Tonk was quiet low which also contributes/reflects to the drop in literacy rates and current status of education. ITI -2009-10.38%). Upper Primary 38889 944 has been universalization of education especially for Sec/ Sr Sec 19135 410 the girl child and other socially deprived communities. One of the major challenges &Primary in education in the area.(compared to 2001 census figure of 934) which still is on the higher side of the state ratio of 926.

Apart from these. electricians. mechanics and drivers in workshops and formal drivers would be the need. VTI Trades Electrical Fitter Mechanic (Diesel) Instrument Mechanic Mechanical Table 130 Tonk district’s (sample study) courses offered 319 . art works. The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Tonk are represented as follows: Pvt. veterinary staff. cane products. embroidery. d) Driving. livestock etc. artisans for carpet making. would engage good number of youths in rural context. Good number of services would require hands skilled in transport and logistics. The courses which were offered by these VTIs were predominantly self-employment engineering based largely to cater the local market needs. The government VTIs interviewed in the survey was zero and ten were from the private. b) Sales Persons: Sales and Marketing has emerged as one of the trades where the demand from industry whether it is cement. Repair and Services: With the increase in electric goods. courier services and fashion designing/ ladies beauticians etc. leather. jewellery making would engage a substantial workforce who needs to be skilled. Although the companies prefer persons either having higher qualifications or are from the related educational background there is still ample scope for the youths who will be trained in this field c) Agriculture & Allied services: The scope in dairy. banks/insurance or agro based products firms which are growing by the day.ventured in a big way eventually leaving a vast scope for skilled intervention of the district and catering the needs for skilling youths of the district in fields as follows: a) Computer Based Accountancy and computer operators: With number of small scale industries coming up in the region the educated youth having the basic education levels could be engaged in computer courses for accountancy (VAT & TALLY) and data entry operators for industries and government development projects.

bricks clay masonry stone. There has been steady increase for all the courses offered in terms of students enrolment. the highest paid trade was Fitter (Rs. In terms of average salary/trainee. Electrical trade was the most popular trade in VTIs as it had the highest batch strength. The courses like mechanical and instrument mechanic were more recent additions by the VTIs. Around 52% of the total batch strength across all the trades got placed through their institutes. No role could be seen being played by employment exchange. Placements of trainees were more because of the proactive approach to the industry by the VTIs trainees and a major strength got placed through campus interviews.4 500 400 300 200 100 0 2010-11 2009-10 2008-09 2007-08 Fitter Instrument Mechanic 2006-07 Electrical Mechanic (Diesel) % Placed by Trade Average Salary (in '00s Rs. sub sectors like dairy. An overview of placement records by trade in the VTIs indicates poor prospects in almost all of the trades as the highest placement percentage was for the trade mechanic (diesel) with 62. Construction and mining & manufacturing have been the major propellers.5 62. patti-Katla etc. mica and corundum are also found but in small quantities. In addition to these major minerals.5 50 45 50 42. the minor minerals viz.7 37. highest difference being 78 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 61.Tonk district’s (sample study) courses placement percentage and average salary . felspar. Apart from agriculture. Silica sand. 5.) Mechanical Figure 183 . Instrument mechanic and mechanical trade had no difference. quartz and soap are found in abundance. Besides theses minerals.The private VTIs sampled for the sample study offer 05 different trades in for training. Tonk has six industrial areas marked by RIICO. in VTI.9 62.5% and the lowest was for fitter with 37. are also mined in Tonk district. So.9% only. Tonk district endowed with a number of non-metallic of which garnet. 320 . These VTIs were adequately staffed and had equipped with the upgraded facilities of training. Share of income from primary sector has been due to the livestock sector. the case of high preference was more infused by the running VTIs as the seats still were unutilized in electrical trade.25 49. The difference between actual trainees and approved trainees.7.800/month) and the lowest was for the trade instrument mechanic with Rs 4500/month. was varying from 0 to 107 in number.13. wool and fisheries have contributed in major terms.4 Industry Mapping Tonk’s significant population has been engaged in non-farm activities. enrolment status in the sampled VTIs registered in case of electrical course.

97 15063.54 11499. This would necessarily factor in the concentration of SSI as the major parameter (due to small number of large 321 . Ind. Steel ball bearing.54 8128.31 9380 9740 9996 10291 Figure 184 MSME trend analysis of the district Tonk There has been a constant increasing trend in the investment of industries. animal feeds. 2012). Tonk Slate Stone Cluster.31 lakhs providing employment to 41770 persons.54 39150 9740 2011 11499. masala.97 40153 9996 2012 15063. District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the 20 high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below. there were around 10291 MSME units set up in the district which were registered in D.I. Newai Edible Oil Cluster. printing and press.66 crores. engineering work. readymade garments. Tonk Edible Oil Cluster. The major clusters of the district were: Namda Cluster. Based on Slate stone some other industries like quartz grinding PCC Poles. carpets were the major exports from the district. Area. Slate stone is available in ample quantity in the district. These industries have a capital investment of Rs. Apart from the industries. units post 2007 and thus.54 7020. readymade garments. 80000 70000 60000 50000 40000 30000 20000 10000 0 Investment (Rs.54 36205 9020 2009 8128. Tomato ketchup. the upcoming potential for service industries shall be in stone dressing. auto repair and maintenance. washing shop industries were developing.31 41770 10291 34779 8660 36205 9020 37603 39150 40153 41770 5617. Deoli Stone murtikala . in Lacs) Employment (Numbers) Registered units (Numbers) 2007 5617. a number of families depend on the following trades and are generally marked under the Khadi & village industries. Todaraisingh As per DIC Tonk. food processing.15063.13.I. woolen carpet.54 34779 8660 2008 7020.C data (March. Also Tonk has 06 large and medium industries employing over 1700 persons with the production value of Rs 195.C.5 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Tonk Tonk is considered to be industrially backward district. 5.54 9814. the number of employees as well. RCC Pipes are coming up. These provide subsidiary employment and supplementary income to the villagers.MSME in Tonk According to D.54 37603 9380 2010 9814. tire retreading.

emp>30 Investment & demand based sectors of districtDIC Table 131 Sector wise mapping of industries in Nagaur as per DIC report. emp>750 Units> 10. District /Sectors Agriculture & Allied Forest Based Animal Husbandry Auto & Auto Components Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Food Processing Furniture & Furnishing Leather & leather goods Textile & Handloom Unorganized Sector (services & repairing included) Building Construction & Real Estates Tourism.scale industries) and would also represent any new sector other than the listed sectors existing in Tonk.80 1409. households etc. engineering based and service sectors. Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging Units 862 1338 2000 59 98 1215 1966 1260 1142 Investment (Rs lakhs) 3909. 2007 Sectors covered under sample survey Agriculture & Allied Food Processing & Products Leather & Leather Goods Textile & Handloom Table 132 Sectors covered under sample survey There have been many SSI coming up in the district engaging the semi-skilled workforce. Hospitality & Trade Transportation. investment>1000. mineral based.2 Employment 3097 4665 4240 315 698 4298 4141 6502 6105 189. Some of the major employment engagement in the district happens in the sectors of agro based-forest based products.40 190. ware housing & packaging Mines.emp>1000 Units>100. investment> 30. cloth based.19 654. Metals & Minerals Machinery. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis shall be made on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment. 322 . Logistics. as daily wagers.01 1277 2162.03 2840.56 816. Travel.09 817.39 2204 Units>200. A substantially good number of service providers form the backbone of the district and are engaged in various industries.81 354.45 4641 742 2038. investment>200. employment and numbers.

70% from 1991-2001.6 Workforce Demand and Supply The major workforce participation observed in Tonk district over a period of two decades has been majorly as cultivators/ agricultural laborers and has had a decline by 8% over the period.14.13. The sample of employers consisted of functionaries from diverse industries located in the Tonk district of Rajasthan. Majority of them were engaged in crafts and related trades (27. Therefore. The demand for the skilled craftsmen and service providers was seemingly high keeping the secondary and tertiary sectors demands. in three of the other sectors (Agriculture & Allied. a substantial increase in worker in-take was reported by the industries. semi-skilled and unskilled workers according to their numbers in the sampled industries (segregated under specific sectors) at the time of the establishment of the industry. In industrial outfits the need of skilled and semiskilled workforce could be seen across the sectors as per the primary survey results as well as shown the figure below:- 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 initial current Skilled Agriculture & Allied required initial current Semiskilled Food Processing & Products Leather & Leather Goods required initial current Unskilled Textile & Handloom required Figure 185 Workforce engagement in the industries across sectors categorized at various stages of the industry life cycle (Sample survey. their present strength and their required strength as projected by the industries was evaluated (shall be discussed in sections ahead).57%). In 2001.20% to 68. 5. Availability of skilled.In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set up stratified sample of 13 industries was selected (depending on the availability of respondents’ of the employer group set up).37. These industries were selected from large. medium and small covering various growth sectors of the district as shown in the table above. manufacturing and transport.36%) followed by service workers (17. Tonk had 1.443 main workers other than cultivators and agricultural labourers.91%). elementary occupations (mining. Food Processing & Products and Textile). the increase in the share of secondary and tertiary has been quiet significant for the same period keeping the context of the district in mind. Though these sectors have expanded well in terms of worker absorption but the future requirements of skilled workers was 323 . There has been declining trend of workforce share in primary sector from 76. A total of 13 industries were sampled for the survey to represent 04 major sectors that are prominent in the district.Tonk) While leather & leather goods sector industries could not provide details of their skilled worker strengths.

In terms of industries’ requirements and the employers’ expectations from its workforce.3 3. Other sectors also rated their expectations above average in most of the traits showcasing the interest to engage more professional workforce.3 4 3 4 4 3 Leather & Leather Goods Loyalty 3.5 Textile & Handloom Agriculture & Food Allied Processing & Products Skills Learning & Development Productivity & Efficiency Aspirations Career Growth Figure 186 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers-Tonk 5.2 3. current and required strength & sectors across sample industries of Tonk 324 .3 3. market trends the primary survey productivity and efficiency and learning and development of the employees were the two leading parameters as per the ranking (scale of 5).8 3. 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 3. As reported by industries semiskilled workforce of textile & handloom sector saw steep increase in workers strength over the years whereas other sector also saw a substantial increase in current in-take of semiskilled workers.3 4 3.7 Projected Workforce Demand Current requirement Unskilled required current initial Semiskilled required current initial required Skilled current initial 0 50 44 100 150 200 250 300 6 128 83 17 226 100 10 252 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 195 172 92 24 33 28 12 11 17 0 10 12 Agriculture Food Leather & Textile & & Allied Processing Leather Handloom & Products Goods Skilled Workers Unskilled Workers Semi-skilled Workers Figure 187 Status of workforce in terms of initial.4 4 3.7 3. The leather sector was more demanding in terms of expectations from the workers considering all the parameters of a skilled/ semi-skilled workforce.13. The unskilled worker base and future requirement for unskilled workers was very much in line with skilled and semiskilled workers category.5 4.8 3.marginal.4 3.7 3.

8% and the incremental requirement of close to 60%. as per the data from the primary survey. In current scenario.As reported by industries for semiskilled workforce. A clear distinction could be observed in the preference of only semi-skilled workers for the contract and daily wage worker category as the industries had increased the absorption of semi-skilled by close to 76. semi-skilled and unskilled workers. industries employ 21% of skilled workforce. across all the industries there has been increased engagement of the workers in all the categories of skilled. Therefore. Slowly the shift was to the skilled and the reduction of unskilled workers as well. plans of expansion could not be high in terms of worker absorption. 37% of semi-skilled workforce and 42% on unskilled workforce. Sectors Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled Total demand 2010-11 353255 28798 1920 383973 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Agricultural Sector 367551 379939 377178 29963 1998 399512 30973 2065 412977 30748 2050 409976 2014-15 378155 30828 2055 411038 2015-16 388278 31653 2110 422041 2016-17 389872 31783 2119 423774 % of manpower 67% Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled Total demand 34100 15739 2623 52462 36072 16649 2775 55496 Industry Sector 35779 36963 16513 17060 2752 2843 55045 56866 Services Sector 14706 15176 34314 35410 49020 50586 98041 101172 37406 17264 2877 57547 38122 17595 2932 58649 38530 17783 2964 59277 12% Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled Total demand 13420 31313 44733 89465 14225 33193 47418 94836 15440 36027 51466 102933 15995 37322 53317 106635 16324 38090 54414 108829 21% Unskilled SemiSkilled Skilled Total Demand 400775 75849 49276 525900 417849 79805 52190 549844 All Sectors 430424 429316 81801 83218 53837 55479 566063 568013 431000 84118 56399 571518 442395 86570 58360 587325 444726 87656 59497 591880 100% Figure 188 Projected labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across sectors-Tonk Based on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the workforce projections were made across different categories. The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: 325 . It continues in the present context as well for the district. This varies from sector to sector as shown in the figure above. The clear observation made was in the engagement of workers at the time industry establishment which had huge disparity in skilled and unskilled workforce. The current strength over the years has atleast doubled across all the segments of skilled to unskilled and the future requirement presently showcases a marginal increase (only to fulfil the current gap). Earlier industries were more dependent on semi-skilled workface for their day to day operation. The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall be used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings.

326 . Insurance & Finance Healthcare Machinery. structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill requirements of the industries identified in the district on the basis of manpower absorption and production in high growth industries in the district. Hardware & Home Furnishings Leather & Leather Goods IT or software ITES.8 Skill Gap Analysis The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument. The analysis factored in industry linkages with vocational training institutes.BPO Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Tourism.Sectors Agriculture and Allied Food processing Electronics Hardware Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden & paper) Textile & Garments Building.13. employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging. Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement Figure 189 Workforce across various sectors by 2017. Electricals & Manufacturing Mining. Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Education/ Skill Development Banking.Tonk Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled 5.

000 youths by 2017. the situation looks positive for both private as well as the government sectors. their aspirations mapped against their attitudes to take up sustainable livelihoods work. with sufficient manpower available to supply the industry needs. unemployed and trainees (as shown in the Unemployed Trainees table above). Case Study: Situational Analysis of Industries and Association Situation is not conducive enough to support industrial growth in Tonk. The VTIs train to fulfil the demand of labour for the industries but most of the trained person prefers to get the government services that creates the gap between the demand and supply As of now. All the respondents were covered from registered VTIs for relevance in skilling initiatives of the state government. Keeping in mind the growth rate of the district and the workforce participation from unskilled masses. The in-depth interactions were held with 60 respondents across the various categories of youth had given rich information and understanding on their aspirations and Youth Category perceptions.Workforce Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled 2010-11 8349 11683 8795 Workforce Demand & Supply Gap 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 10406 22639 20801 21968 13832 14106 13906 13164 9020 9278 9443 9643 2015-16 33069 13875 9844 2016-17 34803 13320 10713 Figure 190 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce gap 2011-2017 The incremental demand for skilled and semi-skilled workforces gives a gap of over 0. Employed Self employed 10 10 20 20 327 . 71.9 Youth Aspirations The study of the perceptions. the need and dependence for skilled manpower by the local small scale industries was not well pronounced in future but more would depend upon the upcoming service industries to absorb the semi-skilled workforce. aspirations and perceptions. aspirations. As per the in-depth interviews conducted with senior functionaries of industry associations. why they think the way they do and how does society respond to their hopes. Investments are not good here since there are no transportation facilities here and no any railway stations also. The youth were covered from the categories of employed.3% had completed/ drop out from high Table 133 Youth Profile of sample in Tonk school education. Availability of skilled man power is a major problem. Supply of water is sufficient but supply of power is not. 5. The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to understand the perceptions of youth. the significance would be to target training to atleast 25. Interview schedules (60 youths) and FGD with youths in college were used to draw inferences of their thought process.13. Land for establishment of industries is not a problem.7% of the youth covered were college educated and 28.5 lakh. self-employed. attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Tonk district to understand what the youth think. district officials and observations.

37 Figure 192 Tonk Youth’s perception.00 .Preferred Trade for Training Profile of Unemployed Youth 9% 4% 13% 50% 50% 40% 20% 20% 20% 17% 9% 31% 17% Electrical Mechanic (Diesel) Ac Mechanic Computer typing Rac/ machanic Welder Computer Electronics Steno hindi Welder Electrical Fitter Turner Figure 191 Profile of respondents (trainee. mechanic (diesel) was another of the most preferred trade.92 7.00 3.08 7.08 7.00 5.85 6. The youths considered training to be an important facet of their life and career 328 .00 7. 5.08 6. The unemployed group had majorly been trained as fitter followed by electrical suggesting that the fitter course was either not as per industry requirements or the overall demand lacked for this trade (could be floating demands).58 7.13. Similarly. computer typing (20% each).00 4.88 Satisfaction Access to Capability Availability Satisfaction with VT VT of VT of latest with institutions Institutions Institution's technologie monetary in providing in own faculty in s and returns skills district teaching equipment received skills for VT 7.00 2.00 6. The reason for the same seems to be the demand for this course in the market.50 6.50 6.00 6.85 6. (6.92 7. self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Tonk Inclination towards electrical course was found high as around 50% of the youth reported that they had preferred electrical trade during his/her training at VTI.37 8.08 on a scale of 10). need and aspirations –Sample Group The capabilities of VTIs’ faculties were the most rated in favour of the skilling capabilities of the VTIs (7.9 on a scale of 10) and the least rated was the satisfaction with the monetary returns post training.88 Assessment of overall skill level Utility of vocational training received Tonk 6.58 7. .10 Youth’s Perception 7.08 Need for further advanced training 6.00 1. The trade profile of self-employed youth basically consisted of welder (40%) and other trades like mechanic.

11 Optimization Plan The optimization plan would be structured at three tier level of district comprising of target segment (skilled. semi-skilled and unskilled demand. Polytechnic. Training institutions and the basic infrastructure for skilling suggests for more number of institutes (from various training capabilities) at Tonk district level which would in turn determine the linkages with the industries and institutions from various sectors as shown in the diagram below. The preliminary gap finding. 5. all wished to earn close to Rs.6000/month (for the working population in the sample of youths).15000/month with advanced skill sets and working experience. Though the average salary was above Rs.and appreciated the VTI efforts. 329 . ITI. More than 70% of the youth were not satisfied with the initial salary offered post training.Skill Development Eco System-Tonk The district should look at training close to 23. projection and analysis highlights the requirement of 0. semi-skilled and unskilled). colleges etc. ITC.13. the future need of positive migration by skilled workforce could be a higher probability.000 youths by 2017 to address the needs of skilled and semi-skilled workforce across the major sectors especially to provide skilled workforce to the service sector. institutions of training (VTI. Also keeping in mind the close proximity to Jaipur.) and the sector wise institutions/industries.5 lakh of skilled. Figure 193 Optimization plan.

14 District Sawai Madhopur 330 .5.

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5.14. Sawai Madhopur is a city and a municipality in Sawai Madhopur District in the Indian state of Rajasthan. The district is presently composed of four sub-divisions viz. The number 706 decreasing trend of decadal rate in the number 410 population shows signs of population 11 stability. There are also five subtehsils.92 cms. number 16 It was placed low on HDI at 26th rank number 02 (HDI. Gangapur. 2008 updated).72 47. health and income index which pulls the district on overall HDI ranking to the lower side of the state. Literacy (except 0-6 age group) Total literate Men Women Energy Electrified Villages Industries (DIC. It is the administrative headquarters of Sawai Madhopur District.1 Demographic Profile: Sawai Madhopur district is located in the South-eastern region of Rajasthan bound by Dausa district in the north. It ranks 22nd on the GDI (0. 24th in health and 20th Table 134 District profile –a Snapshot. the sex ratio of the district remains at 894 (compared to 2001 census figure of 889) which still is on the lower side of the state ratio of 926.95% of the state population.no 1 Section LOCATION Latitude Longitude AREA Total geographical area ADMINISTRATION Tehsil Villages Land Use Pattern Unit Quantity/ Value degree min degree min sq km number number Hectares Hectares number number number number number percent percent percent number 26 48' N o 74 30' E 5043 7 814 497947 196486 1338114 706558 631556 223224 241078 66. Bharatpur and Dhaulpur district in the north east and by Tonk & Jaipur in west and northwest respectively. As per provisional census 2011 data. Hindaun and Karauli and ten Panchayat Samities/Tehsils. It has 10 a total population of 13. provisional) 6 8 9 number 356 The district covers an area of 5043 km number 1122 1.503).Sawai Madhopur on the income index of the Human DevelopmentIndex. Kota and Bundi districts in the south.19 82. Sawai Madhopur. The mean daily maximum temperature in May is 41 degree Celsius and the mean daily minimum temperature is 8 degree Celsius in January.80 711 o 2 3 4 Total Area Total Irrigated area 5 Total population Men Women SC (2001) ST (2001) Population (census 2011. It was observed that the district fares quiet low on education. (less by 6% from ‘91-01 census).38 lakh which number 1044 was 1. Secondary Higher Education / Others Colleges ITI Polytechnic 332 . 2 S. It stands 19th in number 01 education index.31% of the total area of the state. 2009) Registered MSME units Employed persons Education Pre Primary & Primary Schools Upper Primary Secondary & Sr.. The normal annual rainfall in the district is 70. The district has a dry climate except during the short rainy season.

8%. 2009-10Sawai Madhopur 333 . 2008) with primary sector engaging close to 72. Figure 194 Number of Schools.14. which is on the lower side of the female state literacy rate of 52. According to Census 2011 provisional data. The literacy rate of the district in 2011 is 66.45%). As per the updated report 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 1044 706 410 16 2 1 available on Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 02 partners (includes 01 KVK and 01 ITC) implementing skilling initiatives with 03 approved programs (all completed).30% of the workforce and rest 27. According to Census 2011 provisional Sawai Madhopur has a total of 2160 schools from pre-primary to senior secondary levels with DISE reports stating that close to 53% as the retention rate. the male literacy figure stands at 82.The worker participation rate was 42. In rural areas the participation rate is higher than the urban by close to 19% (Urban. teachers and quality primary education scenario education (rated as one of the districts with high dropout rates). Rajasthan. enrolment of girl children. The primary and Pre Primary 49546 1044 &Primary secondary education report still shows a dismal 38889 performance in retention rate. ITI & Polytechnic. A detailed view of the vocational training of Sawai Madhopur could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization Sawai Madhopur’s status in literacy has seen marked Education Sawai Rajasthan Madhopur changes in the number of colleges which has grown to 16 from 05 over a period of three years. There were just a total of two registered vocational training institutes in Sawai Madhopur district (02 ITI) and one polytechnic. At the intermediate college level.06%. 5. 2008).72% and female literacy was at a low of 47. arts and commerce. Upper Primary 706 and drop out ratio. 66%. Rajasthan basic schooling infrastructure. A total of over 8400 students enroll in various institutes at colleges & ITI. scope of placement and livelihood.7% in secondary & tertiary sectors. preference of the youth for these trades. Colleges. Sec/ Sr Sec 19135 410 Sawai Madhopur faces real time constraints in terms of Table 135 Sawai Madhopur vs. courses are available in the area of science.00% (HDI. Sawai Madhopur has also been among the districts with high one room schools and with more than 30% of schools with single teacher (HDI.26% & Rural.19% which is lower than the state figure of 67. A total of just above 500 aspirants got enrolled in 2009-10 in the registered training institutes.

Even. VTI Trades 334 . The courses which were offered by the government VTIs were predominantly engineering based or to cater the local market needs. the difference was varying from 2 to 47 seats. The difference between actual trainees and approved trainees. The primary survey conducted in the district to understand the present scenario of skilled intervention of the district. In case of Private VTIs. The government VTIs interviewed in the survey were two and eight were from the private.14. in government VTI. Turner Steno Hindi private VTIs offered more than Mechanic (Diesel) two times of seats as compare to Government VTIs for this Table 136 Courses offered in government and private VTIs (sample) trade.5. Private organizations working in this sphere have a vast scope for initiating skilled interventions of the district and catering the needs for skilling youths of the district. Government VTI Trades Pvt.3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Sawai Madhopur district The existing scenario of VTIs in Sawai Madhopur was certainly on the lower side considering the number of youths passing out and the existing vocational training institutes in the district. The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Sawai Madhopur are represented as follows: Electrical trade was most preferred trade in Sawai Electrical Electrical Madhopur as maximum Electronics Electronics number of seats in both Fitter Fitter Government and Private VTIs Steno Hindi Mechanic (Diesel) were from this trade. In private VTIs the courses taken up were almost same. was varying from 1 to 21 as these seats went unutilized. Steno Hindi trade had the max difference as the preference for this course was low in government VTI whereas the difference in Turner trade was least. Steno Hindi trade had least difference whereas Electrical trade had max difference of 47 seats.

Staffing was an issue in the administrative aspects but was up to the mark from academics and support point for all the VTIs. In terms of infrastructure support commutation support was made available all the VTIs surveyed. None of them had hostel facilities. Data from the survey also indicate that private VTIs were established before the government VTIs. 335 . It may be due to the fact that trainees after completing the course seek self-employment and also because of the fact that less industrial participation was informed. The highest paid average salary/trainee was for fitter trade both form government (Rs 4900/month) and private (Rs 5625/month) VTIs. Though some of the trainee from government and private VTIs got their placement through employment exchange but it seems that employment exchange were not playing a major role in placements. fitter have increased the strength of trainees over the years by over four times since inception of the particular trade. While placements of trainees from the government VTIs was more through a proactive approach to the industry by the VTIs and the trainees themselves whereas the private VTIs more depend on campus interviews and also place their student through proactive approach to the industry. The trends across all the trades show an increasing demand from the data on number of trainees by trade over time in the government VTIs as well as private VTIs. Trades like electrical and electronics.Figure 195 Sawai Madhopur district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in VTIs and average (avg) salary offered An overview of placement records by trade in the government and private VTIs indicate poor prospects in all most all of the trades.

red-oxide. bentonite.74 20974 7056 2008 3400. There existed three industrial areas for the district with main existing industries as: Oil Mill/Expellor (Mustard Oil) Cotton Cloth (Raji) Bidi Making It has two clusters.C data (March. making leather footware and marble carving as the major tasks performed. the artisans mainly engaged in traditional murtikala and temple architecture.92 24029 8032 2012 6341. in Lacs) Employment (Numbers) Registered units (Numbers) 2007 2866. MSME in Sawai Madhopur According to D. barite. there were around 8272 MSME units set up in the district which were registered in D.83 4094.66 lakhs providing employment to 24794 persons.74 3400. The district is enrolled with a variety of mineral resources both metallic and nonmetallic.I. 336 .66 24029 24794 Figure 196 MSME trend analysis of the district Sawai Madhopur There has been a constant increasing trend in the investment of industries and units. agri based and wooden based with large existence of services and repair.I.4 Industry Mapping Sawai Madhopur has a rich assemblage of minerals.66 24794 8272 7056 7309 7550 7791 8032 8272 20974 21753 22409 23279 2866. 2012). The leather cluster has constraints of supply of raw materials and marketing (forward).5.6341. 45000 40000 35000 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 Investment (Rs. The metallic minerals include lead. silica sand and slate.97 23279 7791 2011 5734. Technological and process improvements are the thrust areas for the leather cluster. These industries have a capital investment of Rs. Among other mineral found in the district are laterite. In the marble cluster.C. thus. leather and marble.83 21753 7309 2009 4094. copper and iron ore whereas the nonmetallic minerals include limestone.22 5143. clays. manganese sand and bricks clay etc.14.92 6341. the number of employment as well.22 22409 7550 2010 5143. The main existing industries are leather based. The need to use modern machines and the training to use them would be the major thrust areas.97 5734.

emp>1000 Units>100. trade and hospitality. The sample of employers consisted of in functionaries from diverse industries located in Sawai Madhopur district of Table 137 Break up of industries Sawai Madhopur (Sample study) Sectors covered under sample survey 337 . Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging Units 726 73 Investment (Rs lakhs) 5311. repair and services. leather. construction etc. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis shall be made on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment.61 Employment 1764 233 417 631 815 314 50.5.36 1406. Travel.91 36. This would necessarily factor in the concentration of SSI as the major parameter (due to small number of large scale industries) and would also represent any new sector other than the listed sectors existing in Sawai Madhopur.02 were selected (depending on the Machinery.73 69. investment>180. wooden and furniture.02 up stratified sample of 10 industries Handlooms & Handicrafts. Cutting & Polishing-03 employer group set up).14. employment and numbers. District /Sectors Agriculture & Allied Auto & Auto Components Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Food Processing Furniture & Furnishing Leather & leather goods Textile & Handloom Repair & Servicing Building Construction & Real Estates Education & Skill Development Healthcare IT & ITES Tourism. The future scopes of industries were in the emerging sectors like the computer applications. Hospitality & Trade Mines. investment>100.60 562 Units>200. In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set Food Processing & Products.5 Sector wise mapping of industries District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below.78 2385. Metals & Minerals Machinery.67 197 232 2080. engineering based manufacturing sector. Electricals & Manufacturing-02 availability of respondents’ of the Mines.66 870 1147 2282 648 61 188. Metals & Minerals-01 Stone Querying. 2007 The most important sectors contributing to the economy of the district and providing employment opportunities were agriculture and allied sector. emp>750 Units> 10. investment> 30. emp>30 Investment & demand based sectors of districtDIC Figure 197 Sector wise mapping of industries in Sawai Madhopur as per DIC report. auto workshops.

5. Cutting & Polishing required initial current Unskilled Machinery.00% engaged in primary sector). Incidentally.Rajasthan. wooden products and handicrafts sector industry has not increased the workers’ in-take and were working with the same number as at the start of operations. Food processing and products catered for the agriculture and allied sector as well.00 % (dependency ratio of more than 1:1). with rate of female participation at 35. the demand and the current absorption of unskilled workers were higher than the skilled and semisskilled workers and similar was the requirement trend as well (just 10% required across industries). Metals & Minerals required initial current Semiskilled Handlooms & Handicrafts Stone Querying. h) The workforce categorized under skilled. animal husbandry and dairy followed by service sector engaging in repairs and electrical services. medium and small covering various growth sectors of the district as shown in the table above. The 10 industries were sampled for the survey to represent 5 major sectors that are prominent in the district as shown in the table above. Demand for skilled worker in future was reported zero by this industry 338 . While the nine industries sampled across five sectors could not provide details of their skilled worker strengths. g) Rural employment could be majorly seen engaged in agricultural related jobs (72. These industries were selected from large. Electricals & Manufacturing Wooden Products.6 Workforce Demand and Supply Of the salient features of the workforce in the district were as follows:f) The overall participation of population in economic activities was just 42.14. There is steep decline in the main workers and increase in marginal workers showing the changing workforce engagement in the district.55%. Similarly wooden industries were clubbed with handicrafts and handlooms. semi-skilled and unskilled showed the following trend in the sampled industries (as shown in the figure) 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 initial current Skilled Food Processing & Products Mines. Handicrafts required Figure 198 Workforce engagement under various stages and required strength of workers across sectors surveyed (Sawai Madhopur sample) i) The demand for semi-skilled workers continued to be on the higher side especially in handicrafts and handloom industries and stone and quarrying industries.

5 3. 339 . In terms of industries’ requirements and the expectation of the employers from its workers the primary survey provides the major demand to be productivity and efficiency followed by loyalty. 5.5 3.5 4 3 3 4 3 4.3 3 4 4.14.7 Projected Workforce Demand It has been observed in the primary survey that the percentage of skilled workers have been almost static over the years and similar was the semi-skilled. there was no further expansion and in fact two of the sectors have reduced their unskilled workforce. Stone quarrying.3 4 5 3 3 4 Skills Loyalty Learning & Development Aspirations Career Growth Productivity & Efficiency Figure 199 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Sawai Madhopur) Recruitment of required workers was done from known sources such as own workers which appeared to be the most reliable method of recruitment for most of the industries. cutting and polishing emerged as the most demanding sector in terms of the set parameters (ranked on a scale of 5) 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 4 3 4 3. The contractors were engaged for daily wage workers and no such interaction was evident with the VTIs to get the semiskilled trained workers.5 3. In contemporary scenario the engagement of unskilled labor (51% of the total workforce) was high followed by semi-skilled (40%) and skilled (9%).5 3 3 4 4 4 3 4 4. In general.j) As reported by industries for semiskilled workforce. none of the sector has increased its worker base and also no plans to expand further except handloom and manufacturing. In case of unskilled workforce. the emerging occupations and new establishments demand for workers could be the new areas of interest for the workers in the near future.3 3.

Scope of secondary and tertiary to engage workers would be around 28% with some minor changes accounting for increase in services sector growth. 340 .Sawai Madhopur Sectors Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand 2010-11 348210 28387 1892 378490 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Agricultural Sector 349641 350377 355245 28503 1900 380045 28563 1904 380844 28960 1931 386136 2014-15 352486 28735 1916 383137 2015-16 355162 28953 1930 386046 2016-17 356496 29062 1937 387495 % of mampo wer 72% Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand 29511 13621 2270 45402 Industry Sector 30911 30645 31664 14267 14144 14614 2378 2357 2436 47555 47146 48713 Services Sector 13010 13401 13877 30357 31269 32380 43367 44670 46256 86734 89340 92513 32105 14818 2470 49392 32597 15045 2507 50149 32986 15224 2537 50748 9% Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand 12370 28864 41234 82467 14113 32929 47042 94084 14578 34014 48592 97184 14890 34743 49633 99266 19% 100% Figure 201 Projected percentage of workforce (demand) requirement till 2017 across primary.Current workforce break-up required 12 10 0 67 current 53 12 77 initial 53 12 0 20 Unskilled 40 Semi-Skilled 60 Skilled 80 51% 40% 9% skilled semi-skilled unskilled Figure 200 Expected year wise requirement of workforce and current break up of workforce across industries surveyed (Sample). secondary and tertiary sectors-Sawai Madhopur Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total Demand 390092 70871 45396 506359 393562 73127 47645 514334 All Sectors 394423 400785 73976 75954 48931 50623 517330 527362 398704 76482 51427 526614 402336 78012 53030 533378 404372 79030 54108 537509 There exists not much difference in the projections of the workforce from the current scenario.

The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall be used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings.Sawai Madhopur Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled 5. Electricals & Manufacturing Mining. Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Education/ Skill Development Banking.BPO Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Tourism. 341 .8 Skill Gap Analysis The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument. Insurance & Finance Healthcare Machinery. employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging. Hardware & Home Furnishings Leather & Leather Goods IT or software ITES. Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement Figure 202 Workforce across various sectors by 2017. The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: Sectors Agriculture and allied Automobiles & Auto Components Food processing Electronics Hardware Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden & paper) Textile & Garments Building. structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill requirements of the industries identified in the district on the basis of manpower absorption and production in high growth industries in the district. The analysis factored in industry linkages with vocational training institutes.Based on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the workforce projections were made across different categories.14.

Interview schedules (60 youths) and FGD with youths in college were used to draw inferences of their thought process.000 youths by 2017. their aspirations mapped against Employed 10 their attitudes to take up sustainable livelihoods work. The youth were covered from the categories of employed. of self Table 139 Youth Profile of sample in Sawai Madhopur and people associated/related with them. why they think the way they do and how does society respond to their hopes. district officials and observations. 25% of the youth covered were college educated and 75% had completed/ 342 .40 lakh (employable working population).14. the significance would be to target training to atleast 40. Demand across the sector and size for skilled worker was good in some of the emerging sectors but small and medium sectors concentrated on pooling of semi-skilled and unskilled workers only. Scope for self-employment and entrepreneurship in the district is good. Some of the important findings were as follows:Situation was conducive enough to support industrial growth in Sawai Madhopur except some shortage of power. unemployed and trainees (as shown in the table above). aspirations. the need and dependence for skilled manpower by the local small scale industries was not well pronounced. self-employed. Establishments of more VTIs to enable the growing needs and industry specific requirements 5.Self employed 10 20 depth interactions were held with 60 respondents across the Unemployed Trainees 20 various categories of youth to provide deep insight and understanding on their aspirations and perceptions. Stone cutting & polishing and machinery were predominant in the district with Tourism and handicrafts Industries emerging in the district sustainable enough to absorb new manpower. The in. Keeping in mind the high rate of workforce participation from unskilled masses and the existing demand of skilled workforce to be low. The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to understand Youth Category the perceptions of youth. attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Sawai Madhopur district to understand what the youth think.9 Youth Aspirations The study of the perceptions. As per the in-depth interviews conducted with senior functionaries of industry associations. The VTIs were fulfilling the needs of the industries but industries need to pay more. aspirations and perceptions.workforce Demand & Supply Gap Workforce Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 80335 17022 2435 83788 17605 2759 84302 18155 3038 89926 18725 3332 87322 19223 3687 90658 19838 3907 92088 20426 4295 Table 138 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 The incremental demand for skilled and semi-skilled workforces gives a gap of over 0.

13 5.58 4. Supply of the electrical trainees in the market has increased and may be inferred to be the reason of unemployment of this trade trainee. utility of the training and skill acquired from the VTI was overall rated higher than other parameters.14. the satisfaction. need and aspirations –Sample Group Satisfaction with current monetary returns and need for advanced training emerged as the two least rated factors on a scale of 10.50 6.00 5.02 Assessment of overall skill level Utility of vocational training received Satisfaction Access to VT Capability of Availability Satisfaction with VT Institutions VT of latest with institutions in own Institution's technologies monetary in providing district faculty in and returns skills teaching equipment received skills for VT Need for further advanced training Figure 204 Sawai Madhopur Youth’s perception. self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Sawai Madhopur Inclination towards Fitter course was found high (54% of the youth reported their preference) followed by electrical trade (26%).93 5. 5. Preferred Trade for Training 5% 2% 13% 26% 20% 40% 11% 10% Computer Electrical Fitter Mechanic (Diesel) Electrical Mech (diesel) Fitter Turner Trade profile of self employed youths 10% Trade Profile of Unemployed Youth 5% 11% 47% 30% 16% 54% Fitter Turner Welder Wireman Figure 203 Profile of respondents (trainee.68 4. High percentage of trained electricians remained unemployed followed by turners. 343 .drop out from high school education. The reason for the same seems to be the demand for this course in the market.10 6. All the respondents were covered from registered VTIs for relevance in skilling initiatives of the state government. A minimum wage hike of Rs 6000 was expected among youths across various trades.90 Youth’s Perception 6. As identified by the respondents. As self-employment turner and fitter were the chosen trades of the youths.

Figure 205 Optimization plan. projection and analysis highlights the requirement of 0.) and the sector wise institutions/industries.14.The general aspirations were mapped by conducting FGDs with the youths from various categories and the following responses were evidently represented by the group: g) Better salaries. family security and learning new technologies (respective trades) were the desires and expectations of the youth from the employment h) Families expected from them to get engaged in government jobs or well-paid jobs in big firms i) Less opportunities of on job training being provided and the less number of ITI make the overall skilling scenario very specific to the training manuals without much choice j) Communicative English and computer training were generally undertaken by local training centres for better job opportunities k) ITI training were more to get government jobs as 8 out of 10 felt that self. The preliminary gap finding.11 Optimization Plan The optimization plan would be structured at three tier level of district comprising of target segment (skilled. institutions of training (VTI. ITC. unskilled and semi-skilled demand. colleges etc.Skill Development Eco System-Sawai Madhopur 344 . semi-skilled and unskilled). Training institutions and the basic infrastructure for skilling suggests for more number of institutes (from various training capabilities) at district and block level which would in turn determine the linkages with the industries and institutions from various sectors as shown in the diagram below. ITI. Polytechnic. work satisfaction.4 lakh of skilled.employment had least scope in terms of secured future and sustainable growth l) Most of the youths find difficulties taking up other trades post training and the adaptability remains low in terms of acceptance of other trades 5.

VTIs should be vital in getting the work ready repairers and mechanics. The interface between the VTIs and the industrial bodies would be essential for the mutual benefit. the key would be to increase the number of institutes with short term courses and assured placenments in some of the high priority sectors within the district. 345 . NSDC could improve the skill scenario of the district by encouraging PPP mode of training implementation through advocacy and encouraging new partners from districts of Rajasthan. agriculture related activities etc. As the district lacks the basic infrastructure of skill development. The large base of unskilled workforce to be enagaged in training related to fields like construction.The district would require more dedicated approach to advocate the usefulness of skilled workers in the industries and also need to target the service sector employment (emerging sectors).

5.15 District Dhaulpur 346 .

- - - - - - - 347 .

07 lakhs with sex ratio as 845 (one of the lowest in the state) and lowered decadal growth rate in population at 22. Secondary Higher Education / Others Colleges ITI ITC 348 .5.53 55. in the southeast of the district and a seasonal river in the northwest. S. The total population was 12. Dholpur is a junction of the Central Railways and is served by regular bus services of the Rajasthan. facing extremes of summer and winter. 11 033 square kilometers and is at number 18 a height of 183 metres above number 10 sea level. Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh roadways. The rainfall observed in the district a continuous decline in past few years. Dhaulpur has a dry climate. population stabilization achieved through a health demographic Literacy (except 0-6 age group) Total literate Men Women Energy Electrified Villages Industries (DIC.no 1 Section LOCATION Latitude Longitude AREA Total geographical area ADMINISTRATION Tehsil Villages Land Use Pattern Unit Quantity/ Value 2 3 degree min degree min Sq km number number Hectares Hectares number number number number number percent percent percent number number number number number number 26 42' N o 77 54' E 3034 05 819 300913 112791 1207293 654344 552949 197895 47612 70. Bari and Baseri.15. The monsoon hits the district in July and lasts till midSeptember. Dhaulpur district was formed in 1982 by merging 4 former tehsils of district Bharatpur – Dhaulpur. 2009) Registered MSME units Employed persons Education Pre Primary & Primary Schools Upper Primary Secondary & Sr. Rajakhera.76% of the total state population.Dholpur state catering for 1. the Chambal. provisional) Total population Men Women SC (2001) ST (2001) 6 8 9 10 The district covers an area of 3. In a resource scarce economy. population and demography of the region are closely related to the aspects of human development.1 Demographic Profile: Situated on the North-east border of Rajasthan. On the district’s north lies Bharatpur and the Uttar Pradesh border. It is one of the number 03 smallest districts (0.89%) of the Table 140 District profile –a Snapshot. One.14 82. On the southeast is the border with Madhya Pradesh and on the west is the district of Sawai Madhopur. There is one perennial river.45 704 865 5441 786 640 322 o 4 Total Area Total Irrigated area 5 Population (census 2011.78%. the Parvati.

Secondly.14% which is higher than the state figure of 67. 386 or 24% schools were private schools in Sec/ Sr Sec 19135 322 2006. 62 per cent of the class 3 to 5 students cannot read class 2 text. 42% of 786 such students could not solve subtraction 800 640 700 problem. Colleges. According to Census 2011 provisional data. The worker participation rate (WPR) was 43. One of the Figure 206 Number of Schools. 61 Villages were without any school. A significant proportion of the district was engaged in the secondary and tertiary highlighting the paradigm shift from primary over a decade as WPR in primary drastically reduced from close to 80% to 56% in a decade. One of the reasons for the good performance of SC/ST students. This becomes all the more important in a region where people still derive over 85 per cent of employment through land and livestock based activities. Highest number of villages without any school was observed in Rajakhera and in Baseri.SC/ST population. The literacy rate of the district in 2011 is 70.6% (HDI. Accordingly. While the ST population is increasing faster in Dhaulpur. Of the total 1612 schools in Dholpur Upper Primary 640 district (2006). on the other hand.53% and female literacy was at a 55. Most of the villages in the district have lower primary schools. However share of teachers in private schools was 36% while the share of students in private schools was 26%. ITI & Polytechnic.15. which is on the higher side of the female state literacy rate of 52. an important component of human development. 2008) with primary sector engaging close to 56. was the monetary incentives in the form of scholarships given to 18 10 5 500 400 300 200 100 0 322 349 . Annual Status of &Primary 38889 Education Report). Dholpur reflections may be observed in the ratio of SC/ST enrollment to the non.06%. 5.4%). particularly of women.30.46. Table 141 Dholpur vs. Rajasthan primary Number of primary government schools in Dholpur was education scenario 1226 in 2006. Rajasthan. when compared to the state average. In rural areas the participation rate is higher than the urban by close to 16% (Urban. 600 Dhaulpur observes a healthier trend in enrollment rates. demographic changes reflect gender equality and the care given to the mothers and children. 66%. the SC population maintains parity with the nonSC/ST population in terms of decadal growth during the nineties. both in terms of growing literacy rates as well as enrollment. no village was without a school.45%. the male literacy figure stands at 82.transition reflects good health and a good nutritional status of people.9% & Rural.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization While government aims to provide educational facilities Education Dholpur Rajasthan across all the villages and habitations private schools are beginning to grow in numbers and enrollment particularly Pre Primary 49546 786 at the upper primary level (ASER. The Pratham report (2005) shows Dholpur in a rather poor light.7% in secondary & tertiary sectors.4% of the workforce and rest 43.

There were total of ten registered vocational training institutes in Dholpur district (10 ITI). the difference was maximum in case of electrical trade (varying by 26 seats). trade.3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Dhaulpur district The existing scenario of VTIs in Dhaulpur was certainly on the better side considering the number of institutes or VTIs in other districts of the state. scope of placement and livelihood. The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Dholpur are represented in the table. The courses which were offered by the government VTIs were predominantly engineering based and to cater the local market needs. Electrical trade had the max difference In case of Private VTIs. A detailed view of the vocational training of Dholpur could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs. VTI Trades 350 . Even. There are two nursing colleges. The difference between Dholpur actual trainees and approved trainees. In private VTIs the courses taken up were almost same. was varying from 7 to 16 as these seats went unutilized. At the intermediate college level. arts and commerce. courses are available in the area of science. A total of just above 400 aspirants got enrolled in 2009-10 in the four government training institutes. 5. preference of the youth for these trades. A total of over 3000 students enroll in various institutes at colleges & ITI. The government VTIs interviewed in the survey was three and seven were from the private.15. in government VTI. one Law College and a military school.the children of these social groups besides the proximity of government schools to the locality of backward castes. Fitter Mechanic (Diesel) private VTIs offered more than Welder two times of seats as compare Wireman to Government VTIs for this Table 142 Courses offered in government and private VTIs (sample). Electrical trade was most preferred trade in Dholpur as Civil Electrical maximum number of seats in Electrical Electronics both Government and Private Electronics Fitter VTIs were from this trade. The primary survey conducted in the district to understand the present scenario of skilled intervention of the district. As per the updated report available on Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 06 partners (includes KVK and ITC) implementing skilling initiatives with 16 approved programs (14 completed). Private organizations working in this sphere have a vast scope for initiating skilled interventions of the district and catering the needs for skilling youths of the district. Government VTI Trades Pvt.

In case of private VTIs the highest paid placement was in diesel mechanic trade.5 per cent during triennium ending 1993-94 to 1. 5. Data on the number of trainees for civil trade in government VTIs was not available as there is no demand for these trades over the years. The trends across all the trades show a slightly increasing or static demand from the data on number of trainees by trade over time in the government VTIs over the years. Average salary/trainee indicates towards good prospect in fitter trade as government VTIs have reported that the trainee from this trade got the highest placement of Rs. indicate towards gradual increase over the years.7 per cent during triennium ending 1993-94 to 5. There are however.7 per cent 351 . A hostel facility was available only in one private VTI for boys.500/month from their institute. Only in Electronics trade the strength had gone down over the years. In terms of infrastructure support commutation support was made available all the VTIs surveyed. regarding private VTIs’ trainee strength. signs of change. The trainee from private VTIs had secured their job through proactive approach to the industry. Trends.Figure 207 Dholpur district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in VTIs and average (avg) salary offered An overview of placement records by trade in the government and private VTIs indicate moderate prospects in all most all of the trades with the exception of welding trade in government VTI.4 Industry Mapping Dhaulpur is an industrially backward district of the state. Staffing was not an issue in any of the VTIs. The share of unregistered manufacturing sector has marginally increased from 4.15. While placements of trainees from the government VTIs was by campus interviews and through proactive approach to the industry by the VTIs and the trainees themselves. Though only few trainees from private VTI got their placement through employment exchange but it seems that employment exchanges are not playing any role in placements. It may be due to the fact that most of the welding trade trainees seek self-employment. Share of registered manufacturing sector in the district has increased from 0. 5.3 per cent during triennium ending 2004-05.

The excise duty on these items has been the chief source of revenue for the State Government from here. Largest growth has occurred in the construction sector.00 - Progress of Implementation Announcement Announcement Under Implementation Under Implementation 352 . employing 12504 persons. These include agricultural based units producing mustard oil and mustard cake. Dhaulpur and Bari are the main trading centers of the district besides being agricultural marts. dairy products and units processing masonary stones etc. found all over the Chambal valley. The district has seven industrial areas. RIICO has developed 2 industrial centers in Dhaulpur and Bari.00 1175. Since most of the district is rocky and full of Kachchar. The district headquarters has 2 glass factories and an ammunition factory. Dhaulpur’s location on a major railway junction also helps these trades flourish. there is abundance of building stone. Mining is an important activity of the district but the activity is largely restricted to non-metal minerals mainly the masonary stones including ‘Dhaulpur/Karouli Stone’. is also a source for generating employment.6 per cent during this period. sandstone and limestone.during triennium ending 2004-05.00 Under Implementation Total Investment Figure 208 Investment in terms of power in Dhaulpur region of Rajasthan Dhaulpur Dhaulpur Dhaulpur - Location Industry / Type of Project Thermal electricity New Unit Gas based thermal electricity - Cost (Rs.7 to 11.Commercial Dhaulpur Combined Cycle Gas Power Gas Based Project 5175. . trading in this construction material is lucrative for the people. one cluster and the main existing industries were as follows: Cattle feed Cast iron foundry Dal mills Handloom cloth Hi-tech glass manufacturing Iron and steel fabrication Leather footwear Oil mill A major investment in terms of power was under implementation and had been announced earlier were (as per Bureau of Investment Promotion) as follows: Company / Ownership Project Tata Group Dhaulpur Power Project State Govt. The district has 3484 registered smallscale industrial units till 2011-12. which increases its share from 6. The bajri.Crore) 4000.

Traditionally people were engaged in cotton industries.I.81 9212 2645 2008 6902. pottery. Village ghanis.15. 2012). Dhaulpur.C. Dhaulpur and Rajasthan Explosives Limited Dhaulpur with an investment of about Rs 36 crores employing 900 workers. which kept persons employed and provided opportunity to local crafts men and artists to come forward.13983.86 lakhs providing employment to 12504 persons. This would necessarily factor in the concentration of SSI as the major parameter (due to small number of large scale industries) and would also represent any new sector other than the listed sectors existing in Dhaulpur. leather tanning.47 11689 3329 2012 13983. rope making etc. 5. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis shall be made on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment.46 10318 2993 2010 7940.39 9692 2805 2009 7166. 35000 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 Investment (Rs.27 11052 3153 2011 8279. in Lacs) Employment (Numbers) Registered units (Numbers) 2007 6622. employment and numbers. khas distillation are the other units. Dhaulpur Glass Works Ltd.. black smithy. sugar cane-crushers.86 12504 3484 Figure 209 MSME trend analysis of the district Dhaulpur There were three large. These industries have a capital investment of Rs. moodha industry. 353 . the High-tech Precision Glass factory.C data (March.5 Sector wise mapping of industries District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below. there were around 3484 MSME units set up in the district which were registered in D.MSME in Dhaulpur According to D. Quarrying of building stone was one of the major activities which provided employment to the comparatively large number of persons.scale industries in the district namely.I. weaving. carpentry.

4 Employment 718 52 69 66 82 49.6 per cent in 1991 354 .emp>700 Units>50.25 1002. The 10 industries were sampled for the survey to represent 5 major sectors that are prominent in the district as shown in the table above along with representation of unorganized sectors. emp>20 Investment & demand based sectors of districtDIC Figure 210 Sector wise mapping of industries in Dhaulpur as per DIC report. Metals & Minerals Textile & Handloom employer group set up). investment> 30. The sample of employers consisted of Table 143 Break up of industries in Dholpur (Sample study) functionaries from diverse industries located in Dhaulpur district of Rajasthan.District /Sectors Agriculture & Allied Auto & Auto Components Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Food Processing Furniture & Furnishing Leather & leather goods Textile & Handloom Repair & Servicing Building Construction & Real Estates Education & Skill Development Healthcare IT & ITES Transport & Logistics Mines. Metals & Minerals (includes quarrying) Machinery. medium and small covering various growth sectors of the district as shown in the table above. investment>40. 2007 In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set Chemical & Chemical Products up stratified sample of 10 industries Construction Material & Building Hardware were selected (depending on the Food Processing & Products availability of respondents’ of the Mines.5 2985 225 361.15 64. These industries were selected from large. At the district level Female WPR has increased from 6.7 705 Units>100. investment>300.53 24 277 3447.45 281 251 553 10 11.15. Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging Units 127 11 Investment (Rs lakhs) 722.6 Workforce Demand and Supply The economy of the district which has undergone some transition over a period from agriculture base to more wage based forms due to uncertainity and decline in agricultural production (difficult climatic conditions could be a reason). Construction and minerals (stone quarrying) formed the major thrust of the district in terms of employment. Sectors covered under sample survey 5.60 82. This impact the WPR of the women and the Female WPR increased significantly in the year 2001. emp>250 Units> 10.

Metals & Minerals sector industries have increased their workers’ strength and all other industries have maintained same number of workers since industry establishment. Metals & Minerals Unorganized Sector required Figure 211 . Metals & Minerals sector that the industries have not increased their workers’ base since industry established. semi-skilled and unskilled workers at various stages of the industries as shown in the below figure. Other workers representing the non-farm sector along with workers engaged in household industry add up to 40. Potential to absorb semiskilled workers in various industries. 355 . Except Textile & Handloom sector industries all other sector industries have either increased their semiskilled workers’ base or keeping same worker strength as at the start of the industries.4 per cent points. Moreover demand for skilled worker was not observed across all the industries. Across various blocks increase in female WPR varies between 21 per cent in Dhaulpur Tehsil to 38 per cent in Bari. The demand for unskilled worker was found low. In case of unskilled workforce the situation is very similar as described for semiskilled workers. Textile & Handloom sector have reduced their unskilled workforce whereas Mines.2 per cent of the main workers in the district. 25 20 15 10 5 0 initial current Skilled Chemical & Chemical Products Food Processing & Products Textile & Handloom required initial current Semiskilled required initial current Unskilled Construction Material & Building Hardware Mines. it was in Mines. Workforce engagement under various stages and required strength of workers across sectors surveyed (Dhaulpur sample) While the majority of the industries covered in the sample could not provide details of their skilled worker strengths. The primary data during the survey focused on the diversified sectors of the district capturing the workforce structure in terms of skilled. Two thirds of the increase in workers in Dhaulpur is contributed by the marginal workers.to 34 per cent in 2001 implying an increase of 27. Similar structure of the work force was observed across all the Tehsils in Dhaulpur. It was significant that the number of main workers dependent on agriculture was below 60 per cent in Dhaulpur.

The VTI trained workers were only engaged by the mining industries but in very few in number.5 20 3 3 3.In terms of industries’ requirements and the expectation of the employers from its workers the primary survey provides the major demand to be learning and 25 development attitude of 3. Figure 212 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Dholpur) 5. Current workforce break-up required 12 10 0 67 current 53 12 77 initial 53 12 0 20 Unskilled 40 Semi-Skilled 60 Skilled 80 51% 40% 9% skilled semi-skilled unskilled Figure 213 : Expected year wise requirement of workforce and current break up of workforce across industries surveyed (Sample). Food Processing & Products Mines. In contemporary scenario the engagement of unskilled labor (51% of the total workforce) was high followed by semi-skilled (40%) and skilled (9%). the emerging occupations and new establishments demand for workers could be the new areas of interest for the workers in the near future.5 3 3.5 the employee followed 3 3.5 15 4 3. Stone 3 3 2 4 4 3 3 3 5 quarrying.5 by loyalty. In general.3 3 3 3 10 2 and efficiency. Metals & Minerals Textile & Handloom Unorganized Sector Recruitment of required workers was done from known sources such as own workers which appeared to be the most reliable method of recruitment for most of the industries.7 Projected Workforce Demand It has been observed in the primary survey that the percentage of skilled workers have been almost static over the years and similar was the semi-skilled.5 2.15. productivity 3.Dhaulpur 356 .3 3. construction 4 3 3 3 3 and mining emerged as 0 Skills Loyalty Learning & Aspirations Productivity the demanding sectors in Development Career & Efficiency Growth terms of the set parameters (ranked on a Chemical & Chemical Products Construction Material & Building Hardware scale of 5).

Scope of secondary and tertiary to engage workers would be around 28% with some minor changes accounting for increase in services sector growth. Hardware & Home Furnishings Leather & Leather Goods IT or software Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled 357 . The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall be used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings. The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: Sectors Agriculture and allied Automobiles & Auto Components Food processing Electronics Hardware Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden & paper) Textile & Garments Building.Sectors Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand 2010-11 348210 28387 1892 378490 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Agricultural Sector 349641 350377 355245 28503 1900 380045 28563 1904 380844 28960 1931 386136 2014-15 352486 28735 1916 383137 2015-16 355162 28953 1930 386046 2016-17 356496 29062 1937 387495 % of manpower 72% Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand 29511 13621 2270 45402 Industry Sector 30911 30645 31664 14267 14144 14614 2378 2357 2436 47555 47146 48713 Services Sector 13401 13877 31269 32380 44670 46256 89340 92513 32105 14818 2470 49392 32597 15045 2507 50149 32986 15224 2537 50748 9% Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand 12370 28864 41234 82467 13010 30357 43367 86734 14113 32929 47042 94084 14578 34014 48592 97184 14890 34743 49633 99266 19% 100% Figure 214 Projected percentage of workforce (demand) requirement till 2017 across primary. Based on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the workforce projections were made across different categories. secondary and tertiary sectors-Dhaulpur Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total Demand 390092 70871 45396 506359 393562 73127 47645 514334 All Sectors 394423 400785 73976 75954 48931 50623 517330 527362 398704 76482 51427 526614 402336 78012 53030 533378 404372 79030 54108 537509 There exists not much difference in the projections of the workforce from the current scenario.

Keeping in mind the high rate of workforce participation from unskilled masses and the existing demand of skilled workforce to be low. employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging. district officials and observations. the need and dependence for 358 .ITES. Electricals & Manufacturing Mining. workforce Demand & Supply Gap Workforce Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled 2010-11 80335 17022 2435 2011-12 83788 17605 2759 2012-13 84302 18155 3038 2013-14 89926 18725 3332 2014-15 87322 19223 3687 2015-16 90658 19838 3907 2016-17 92088 20426 4295 Figure 216 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 The incremental demand for skilled and semi-skilled workforces gives a gap of over 0. Insurance & Finance Healthcare Machinery.8 Skill Gap Analysis The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument. As per the in-depth interviews conducted with senior functionaries of industry associations. Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement Figure 215 Workforce across various sectors by 2017.15.Dhaulpur 5.40 lakh (employable working population).000 youths by 2017.BPO Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Tourism. Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Education/ Skill Development Banking. structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill requirements of the industries identified in the district on the basis of manpower absorption and production in high growth industries in the district. The analysis factored in industry linkages with vocational training institutes. the significance would be to target training to atleast 40.

unemployed and trainees (as shown in the Unemployed 20 table above). Establishments of more VTIs to enable the growing needs and industry specific requirements 5. 25% of the youth covered were college Trainees educated and 75% had completed/ drop out from high school Table 144 Youth Profile of sample in Dholpur education. All the respondents were covered from registered VTIs for relevance in skilling initiatives of the state government. why they think the way they do and how does society respond to their hopes.9 Youth Aspirations The study of the perceptions. attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Dhaulpur district to understand what the youth think. Interview schedules (60 youths) and FGD with youths in college were used to draw inferences of their thought process. 20 self-employed. The youth were covered from the categories of employed. of self and people associated/related with them. Preferred Trade for Training 5% 13% 2% 26% 10% 20% 30% 5% 16% 40% 11% 10% Employed Self employed 10 10 Trade profile of self employed youths Trade Profile of Unemployed Youth 11% 47% 54% Computer Fitter Electrical Mechanic (Diesel) Fitter Turner Welder Wireman Electrical Mech (diesel) Fitter Turner Figure 217 Profile of respondents (trainee. self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Dhaulpur 359 . aspirations. The in-depth interactions were held with 60 respondents across the various categories of youth to provide deep insight and understanding on their aspirations and Youth Category perceptions. their aspirations mapped against their attitudes to take up sustainable livelihoods work. Some of the important findings were as follows:Situation was conducive enough to support industrial growth in Dhaulpur except some shortage of power. aspirations and perceptions. Stone cutting & polishing and machinery were predominant in the district with Tourism and handicrafts Industries emerging in the district sustainable enough to absorb new manpower. The VTIs were fulfilling the needs of the industries but industries need to pay more. Scope for self-employment and entrepreneurship in the district is good.15. Demand across the sector and size for skilled worker was good in some of the emerging sectors but small and medium sectors concentrated on pooling of semi-skilled and unskilled workers only.skilled manpower by the local small scale industries was not well pronounced. The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to understand the perceptions of youth.

5. the satisfaction. The reason for the same seems to be the demand for this course in the market. As identified by the respondents.10 6. need and aspirations –Sample Group Satisfaction with current monetary returns and need for advanced training emerged as the two least rated factors on a scale of 10.68 4. utility of the training and skill acquired from the VTI was overall rated higher than other parameters. family security and learning new technologies (respective trades) were the desires and expectations of the youth from the employment b) Families expected from them to get engaged in government jobs or well-paid jobs in big firms c) Less opportunities of on job training being provided and the less number of ITI make the overall skilling scenario very specific to the training manuals without much choice d) Communicative English and computer training were generally undertaken by local training centres for better job opportunities e) ITI training were more to get government jobs as 8 out of 10 felt that self. work satisfaction.13 5.93 5.90 Youth’s Perception 6.Inclination towards Fitter course was found high (54% of the youth reported their preference) followed by electrical trade (26%). As self-employment turner and fitter were the chosen trades of the youths. The general aspirations were mapped by conducting FGDs with the youths from various categories and the following responses were evidently represented by the group: a) Better salaries. Supply of the electrical trainees in the market has increased and may be inferred to be the reason of unemployment of this trade trainee. High percentage of trained electricians remained unemployed followed by turners.02 Assessment of overall skill level Utility of vocational training received Satisfaction Access to VT Capability of Availability Satisfaction with VT Institutions VT of latest with institutions in own Institution's technologies monetary in providing district faculty in and returns skills teaching equipment received skills for VT Need for further advanced training Figure 218 Dhaulpur Youth’s perception. A minimum wage hike of Rs 6000 was expected among youths across various trades.58 4.00 5.employment had least scope in terms of secured future and sustainable growth 360 .50 6.15.

Special courses to be designed to cater for the institutions based in power generation after mapping of the requirements at various levels of 361 . unskilled and semi-skilled demand. Polytechnic. VTIs should be vital in getting the work ready repairers and mechanics.15. The preliminary gap finding. The interface between the VTIs and the industrial bodies would be essential for the mutual benefit. Figure 219 Optimization plan. ITI.11 Optimization Plan The optimization plan would be structured at three tier level of district comprising of target segment (skilled. semi-skilled and unskilled). b) Training Partners: The sectors for engaging more skilled workforce would be in food processing. ITC. colleges etc.4 lakh of skilled. textiles. The key stakeholders’ contribution in enabling to achieve the target (as shown in the figure) would be as follows: a) State: The state to target the skilled and semi-skilled segment for skilled training by creating additional 15 skill development centres (VTIs) in the district level of operations.) and the sector wise institutions/industries.Skill Development Eco System-Dhaulpur The district would require more dedicated approach to advocate the usefulness of skilled workers in the industries and also need to target the service sector employment (emerging sectors).f) Most of the youths find difficulties taking up other trades post training and the adaptability remains low in terms of acceptance of other trades 5. furniture and services in the district. It should encourage the private training partners to participate and operate in the district due to its large base of workers involved in secondary and tertiary sectors. projection and analysis highlights the requirement of 0. institutions of training (VTI.

Along with these. c) Industries: The primary sectors of high human resource requirement would be food processing. specific course curriculum designed for communicative English. power. life skills and basics in computer would be the key areas of skill development training. textiles and food processing by encouraging specifically designed proposals with increasing the linkages in industry associations and PPP models. furniture and services and therefore would require increasing linkages with the related institutions for skilled workforce absorption NSDC would be an enabler to lead the training partners in retail. 362 .operations. textiles.

PART II 363 .

modified or in any manner communicated to any third party except with the written approval of NSDC. Accenture and NSDC neither recommend nor endorse any specific products or services that may have been mentioned in this report and nor do they assume any liability or responsibility for the outcome of decisions taken as a result of any reliance placed in this report. © January. Any similarity with any other paper may purely be a coincidence.Disclaimer: National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) engaged Accenture Services Private Limited (Accenture) to prepare this report. 2013 364 . The same may not be reproduced. which is based on independent research and analysis done by Accenture. All rights reserved. the content is not to be construed in any manner whatsoever as a substitute for professional advice. This report is not based or derived from any other report or research paper. This report is for information purposes only. While due care has been taken during the compilation of this report to ensure that the information is accurate to the best of Accenture and NSDC’s knowledge and belief. All copyright in this report and related works is solely and exclusively owned by NSDC. Neither Accenture nor NSDC shall be liable for any direct or indirect damages that may arise due to any act or omission on the part of the user due to any reliance placed or guidance taken from any portion of this report. wholly or in part in any material form (including photocopying or storing it in any medium by electronic means and whether or not transiently or incidentally to some other use of this report).

16 District Sri Ganaganagar 365 .5.

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Sri Ganganagar is one of the well planned cities of India. The Gang Canal laid down in 1927 is the life line of the district (89 miles of lined canal).07 2896 867 26067 1411 1234 617 66 04 01 o 4 Total Area Total Irrigated area 5 Population (census 2011.1 Demographic Profile: Sri Ganganagar is the northern most district of Rajasthan State of western India. The average annual rainfall is only 20cms.25 lakhs.25 79. Sri Ganganagar is situated at the point where the Satluj Waters enter Rajasthan. S.92°N 73. Males constitute approximately 53% of the population and females constitute approximately 47% of the total population.16. The climate of Sri Ganganagar varies to extreme limits.33 60. It is surrounded by the number state of Haryana in the number northeastern side. Sex ratio is 887 and the density (persons per sq.no 1 Section LOCATION Latitude Longitude AREA Total geographical area ADMINISTRATION Tehsil Villages Land Use Pattern Unit Quantity/ Value 2 3 degree min degree min sq km number number Hectares Hectares number number number number number percent percent percent number 29 55' N o 73 52' E 10978 09 3018 1093352 891333 1969520 1043730 925790 603371 14744 70.Sri Ganganagar east and Pakistan in the northwest and west. 2009) Registered MSME units Employed persons Education Pre Primary & Primary Schools Upper Primary Secondary & Sr.5. Bagri and Punjabi languages are spoken by majority of population. Hanumangarh in the Table 145 District profile –a Snapshot. Literacy (except 0-6 age group) Total literate Men Women Energy Electrified Villages Industries (DIC. in which males are 10. 367 .2% of number number the state area. Sri Ganganagar has a population of 19. It has an average 11 elevation of 164 meters (538 number feet). Ganganagar district was also known as "the food basket of Rajasthan". Bikaner in the south. Secondary Higher Education / Others Colleges ITI Polytechnic As per Census of India 2011.69 lakhs. The Summer Temperature reaches up to 50° Celsius and Winter Temperature dips just around 0° Celsius.43 lakhs and females are 9.88°E in number the northern most part of number Rajasthan and occupies an area 10 of approximately 10978 square number kilometer catering for 3. provisional) Total population Men Women SC (2001) ST (2001) 6 8 The district Sri Ganganagar is 9 located at 29.

25%. 1000 617 courses are available in the area of 500 66 4 science. In between the census of 2001 and 2011 “the maximum dip” in Population growth rate is recorded in Sri Ganganagar District which is 17. ITC and NGO) 1411 368 . A significant proportion of the district was engaged in the secondary and tertiary highlighting the paradigm shift from primary over a decade as WPR in primary by 12% in a decade. 1500 At the intermediate college level. while only a few people constituting other sects stay here.22% (HDI.33%.809. Because of its prosperity from agriculture. From Census 2001 to 2011 apart from Sri Ganganagar district.3% in secondary & tertiary sectors. 2008) with primary sector engaging close to 60. Sri Ganganagar has an average literacy rate of 70. and female literacy is 60. Majority of the population are Hindus and Sikhs. &Primary management. 12.07% (best in terms of female literacy rates for the state).81 % (252376) of the population is under 6 years of age. Rajasthan. Mustard Oil mills and Sugar Mills Ltd. The main languages spoken in the town are Hindi. 5. There 0 are five professional colleges in the Pre Upper Sec/ Sr Sec Colleges ITI Primary Primary district providing courses in health. arts and commerce. when compared to the state average. One of the Upper Primary 1234 reasons for the good performance in education was the Sec/ Sr Sec 19135 617 early importance on education since historical days and Table 146 Sri Ganganagar vs. Sri Ganganagar District has minimum Population growth rate which is 10.) is 179.It also has spinning and textile Factories. Sri vocational training institutes in Sri Ganganagar Ganganagar district (05 ITI) with a total of above 1000 aspirants enrolled in 2009-10. Rajasthan the success of primary sector providing enabling primary education scenario environment for education. In Ganganagar. It also ranks 7th on education index. ITI & Polytechnic.The city has Cotton Ginning and Pressing factories. As per the updated report available on Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 04 partners (includes KVK. Sri Pre Primary 49546 1411 &Primary Ganganagar observes a healthier trend in enrollment 38889 rates. A total of over 26000 students enroll 1234 in various institutes at colleges & ITI.53%.06%. Baagri or Marwari. There were total of five registered Figure 220 Number of Schools. Sri Ganganagar District also has a large number of automobiles and it becomes one of the largest automobile markets in India.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization Ganganagar has the highest value of the Human Education Sri Rajasthan Ganganagar Development Index at 0.16. male literacy is 79. 5th in health and 1st in income index.7% of the workforce and rest 39.km. all the other districts of Rajasthan have reported a dip in Sex ratio (0-6 year’s age group). nursing etc. In rural areas the participation rate is higher than the urban by close to 13%. Econonmy of Sri Ganganagar District is dependent on agriculture. Colleges. Punjabi. The worker participation rate (WPR) was 40.

A detailed view of the vocational training of Sri Ganganagar could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs. The courses which were offered by the government VTIs were predominantly engineering based and to cater the local market needs. 369 . The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Sri Ganganagar are represented in the table. Although the companies prefer persons either having higher qualifications or are from the related educational background there is still ample scope for the youths who will be trained in this filed. The primary survey conducted in the district to understand the present scenario of skilled intervention of the district. In private VTIs the courses taken up were almost same with some courses on computer and IT. preference of the youth for these trades. b) Sales Persons: Sales and Marketing has emerged as one of the trades where the demand from industry whether it is telecom or banks or insurance firms is growing by the day. There Mechanic (Diesel) was no difference between Table 147 Courses offered in government and private VTIs (sample). After VAT became effective in the state TALLY has become a necessity for all VAT paying shops. Government VTI Trades Private VTI Trades Based on the needs and requirement of the area following trade has been identified: a) Computer Based Accountancy: With number of shops. Sri actual trainees and approved Ganganagar trainees in Government VTI across all the trades whereas in Private VTIs the difference was varying from 1 to 65 seats.16. In Welder Electrical addition to that the number of Wireman Fitter seats in electrical trade in Turner IT & ESM private VTIs was more 2. scope of placement and livelihood. IT & ESM trade had least difference and Electrical trade had max difference of 65. Private organizations working in this sphere have a vast scope for initiating skilled interventions of the district and catering the needs for skilling youths of the district. 5. and other establishments using TALLY to maintain their financial data. The government VTIs interviewed in the survey was one and nine were from the private.3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Sri Ganganagar district The existing scenario of VTIs in Sri Ganganagar was certainly on the better side considering the number of educational institutes and VTIs. Electrical was most preferred trade in Sri Ganganagar as Electrical COPA maximum number of seats in Fitter Cutting & Sewing both government and private Motor Mechanic Craftsman VTIs were from this trade. growing in number in almost all places including Sri Ganganagar there is a significant demand for persons skilled in Computer Based Accountancy.implementing skilling initiatives with 13 approved programs (10 completed).5 times than to government VTIs.

200/month. While placements of trainees from the government VTIs was more through campus Interviews.500/month) and in private VTIs. Not even a single trainee form Motor Mechanic. There is a high demand for persons who can repair and maintain computers as well assemble new ones.c) Repair and maintenance of Refrigerators and ACs: Sri Ganganagar faces extreme heat in summers and the demand for technicians who can maintain and repair refrigerators and ACs was growing with the greater use of these equipments. Employment exchanges had no role in the placements of the trained youths. Welder. Private VTIs had significant increase in the strength of trainees over the years across all trades. 5. the highest paid trade was fitter with Rs.7% of the total trainee strength got placed across all the trades. The placement in private VTIs was better than government institutions but not at all promising as only 34. All the VTIs were under staffed. 370 . 5. In terms of average salary/trainee form government VTIs. The trends across most of the trades showed marginal increase in demand for trades over time in the government VTIs apart from Wireman and Turner trade where the demand declined over the years. d) Diesel Engine Repairing: Due to heavy use of diesel engines in the Sri Ganganagar for irrigation and in automobiles the demand for skilled mechanics in this trade was very high e) Computer Hardware: The use of computer in the district has proliferated. the private VTIs depended more on proactive approach with the industry for placements. In contrast. Wireman and Turner trade got placed in the last year’s passed out numbers. the highest paid trade was Electrical (Rs. Data on the number of trainees for craftsman trade in Private VTIs highlighted no preference for this trade. Figure 221 Sri Ganganagar district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in VTIs and average (avg) salary offered An overview of placement records by trade in the government VTIs indicated very poor prospects in all the trades.

2012).96 45676 8374 2008 17323. Apart from these industries. in Lacs) Employment (Numbers) Registered units (Numbers) 2007 15120.4 Industry Mapping Economy of Sri Ganganagar District is dependent on agriculture and animal husbandry. These industries have a capital investment of Rs. Most of the factories are located in and around Sriganganagar City. As major industries. Industries in Sri Ganganagar District are based on agriculture. Sri Ganganagar District also has a large number of automobiles which includes tractors and MUVs and because of the large population of automobiles in the district.73 59672 9817 2012 32412. there were 02 large and 06 medium scale industries employing close to 4260 persons. Sri Ganganagar has become one of the largest automobile markets in India MSME in Sri Ganganagar According to D.80 49110 9040 2010 22897. there were around 10132 MSME units set up in the district which were registered in D. there are a large number of small and large scale industries too.96 lakhs providing employment to 61086 persons. the district has Cotton Ginning and Pressing factories. which is known for its Royal Heritage Liqueurs.I. many IT and outsourcing companies are establishing here.16. It also has Cotton spinning and textile factories such as J C T Mills.38 51370 9365 2011 29949. “KINNU” (a citrus family fruit) is a popular horticultural produce.C.I.. Apart from these. and other fruits of citrus family are also grown.5.32412. 120000 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 Investment (Rs. Although agriculture and animal husbandry are the main economic activities of the district. Because of its prosperity from agriculture. Mustard Oil mills and Wheat Flour mills and of course the famous Rajasthan State Ganganagar Sugar Mills Ltd. There were 14 industrial areas mapped by RIICO in the district. Horticulture is also becoming popular among farmers.C data (March.08 47557 8715 2009 19241.96 61086 10132 Figure 222 MSME trend analysis of the district Sri Ganganagar 371 .

Metals & Minerals Machinery.The major industries existing in the district were as follows: Cotton Ginning & Pressing Oil Mill Plaster of Paris Agro Waste Brequettes Guar Gum Solvent Extraction Plant Roller Flour Mill 5.00 410 225.42 5.16. District /Sectors Agriculture & Allied Auto & Auto Components Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Food Processing Furniture & Furnishing Leather & leather goods Textile & Handloom Repair & Servicing Building Construction & Real Estates Education & Skill Development Healthcare Transport & Logistics Mines.4 394 Units>100. employment and numbers. investment>40. investment>300.6 145 582.64 Employment 1675 526 4 332 230 352 586 120 911.5 Sector wise mapping of industries District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below. 2007 372 .emp>500 Units>50. This would necessarily factor in the concentration of SSI as the major parameter (due to small number of large scale industries) and would also represent any new sector other than the listed sectors existing in Sri Ganganagar. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis shall be made on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment. emp>250 Units> 10. Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging Units 102 68 1 46 76 112 220 Investment (Rs lakhs) 5330.30 376.35 1469 122 18. emp>20 Investment & demand based sectors of districtDIC Figure 223 Sector wise mapping of industries in Sri Ganganagar as per DIC report. investment> 30.

Logistics. metals and minerals.In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set Agriculture & Allied up stratified sample of 10 industries Machinery. Agriculture and allied sector was the largest segment for the district engaging maximum number of workforce followed by mines. Ware Housing & Packaging required 4 8 0 1 0 0 3 0 10 5 0 0 13 12 5 23 13 5 86 23 22 9 6 42 36 33 18 11 21 11 9 34 18 56 14 Figure 224 Workforce engagement under various stages and required strength of workers across sectors surveyed (Sri Ganganagar sample) 373 . Logistics. This impacted the WPR of the women and the Female WPR increased significantly in the year 2001 by close to 5%. medium and small covering various growth sectors of the district as shown in the table above. The primary data during the survey focused on the diversified sectors of the district capturing the workforce structure in terms of skilled. 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 initial current Skilled Agriculture & Allied Mines. Metals & Minerals required initial current Semiskilled required initial current Unskilled Machinery. These industries were selected from large. The 10 industries were sampled for the survey to represent 4 major sectors that are prominent in the district as shown in the table above. semi-skilled and unskilled workers at various stages of the industries as shown in the below figure. It was significant that the number of main workers dependent on agriculture was just 60 per cent in Sri Ganganagar.16.6 Workforce Demand and Supply The economy of the district which has undergone some transition over a period from agriculture base to more wage based forms due to growing of the secondary and the tertiary sectors in the district. The sample Table 148 Breakup of industries in Sri Ganganagar (Sample study) of employers consisted of functionaries from diverse industries located in Sri Ganganagar district of Rajasthan. Ware Housing & Packaging employer group set up). Other workers representing the non-farm sector along with workers engaged in household industry add up to 39 per cent of the main workers in the district who were primarily engaged in allied activities. Electricals & Manufacturing Transportation. Sectors covered under sample survey 5. Metals & Minerals availability of respondents’ of the Transportation. Similar structure of the work force was observed across all the tehsils in Sri Ganganagar. Electricals & Manufacturing were selected (depending on the Mines.

8 4 4. 374 . 4.16. The VTI trained workers were only engaged by the mining and agriculture industries.7 4.5 10 5 In terms of industries’ 0 requirements and the expectation of the employers from its workers the primary survey provided the major demand to be loyalty followed by aspirations for career Transportation. productivity and Machinery. 5. Agriculture and mining emerged as the Figure 225 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Sri demanding sectors in terms of Ganganagar) the set parameters (ranked on a scale of 5). All the industries have expanded their semiskilled workforce since industry establishment and reported potential to absorb more semiskilled workforce across different industries in near future. the emerging occupations and new establishments demand for workers could be the new areas of interest for the workers in the near future as skilled and semi-skilled workforce. Metals & Minerals growth. Electricals & Manufacturing Agriculture & Allied efficiency. In contemporary scenario the engagement of unskilled labor (55% of the total workforce) was quiet high followed by semi-skilled (37%) and was just 8% for skilled. Logistics. Though most of the sectors have reduced their unskilled workers’ strength since establishment but potential to absorb more unskilled worker in different industries was still there. industries had a marginal increase in skilled worker in-take.3 4. Logistics. Ware Housing & Packaging sector) could not provide details of their skilled worker strengths. In general. It could be inferred that these sectors also employed skilled workforce.Availability of skilled. Ware Housing & Packaging Mines. Metals & Minerals sector industries.3 5 4 4.5 industries. semi-skilled and unskilled workers according to their numbers in the sampled industries (segregated under specific sectors) at the time of the establishment of the industry. Demand for skilled worker in future was not very high and reported by Agriculture & Allied and Mines. Electricals & Manufacturing and Transportation. for remaining two sector (mining and agricultural). While the two industries sampled from two different sectors (Machinery.7 Projected Workforce Demand It has been observed in the primary survey that the percentage of skilled workers have been almost doubled over the years and had 70% increase in the semi-skilled and decrease in unskilled workforce. 4 4. clearly showing the low cost model of 20 5 4 5 operation preferred by the 4 15 2 5 5 4.3 Recruitment of required workers was done from known sources such as own workers which appeared to be the most reliable method of recruitment for most of the industries. their present strength and their required strength as projected by the industries is shown in above figure.5 5 2.

Sri Ganganagar Sectors Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total Demand 2010-11 73562 8443 5629 87634 59076 27266 4544 90886 27182 63425 9061 99668 2011-12 98056 8809 5872 112737 63410 29266 4878 97554 28584 66695 9527 104806 2012-13 2013-14 Agricultural Sector 113317 131133 9237 6158 9875 6583 2014-15 151820 9931 6621 168372 66158 30534 5089 101781 30988 72305 10330 113622 2015-16 177991 10434 6956 195381 68072 31418 5236 104727 31995 74655 10665 117314 2016-17 198258 10808 7205 216271 68879 31790 5298 105967 32685 76264 10895 119844 % of manpower 128713 147592 Industry Sector 63116 65807 29131 30372 4855 5062 97102 101241 Services Sector 29371 30480 68532 71121 9790 10161 107694 111762 49% 24% 27% 159820 99134 19234 190050 104770 20278 All Sectors 205805 227421 106900 111369 20804 21806 248966 112770 22039 278058 116507 22857 299821 118862 23398 1397852 1462587 1524550 1621127 1632503 1709253 442082 100% Table 149 Projected percentage of workforce (demand) requirement till 2017 across primary.Current 48 Unskilled 10 Semi-Skilled 35 2 Skilled 5 0 required 50 current 100 initial 150 Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled 11 50 55% 37% 74 107 8% Figure 226 : Expected year wise requirement of workforce and current break up of workforce across industries surveyed (Sample). secondary and tertiary sectors-Sri Ganganagar There exists not much difference in the projections of the workforce from the current scenario. Scope of secondary and tertiary to engage workers would be increasing with primary sector engaging around 375 .

Hardware & Home Furnishings Leather & Leather Goods ITES. Electricals & Manufacturing Mining. There would be 51% of the workforce engaged in the secondary and tertiary sectors with major shares in service sector. Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement Table 150 Workforce across various sectors by 2017. The analysis factored in industry linkages with 376 . The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall be used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings.8 Skill Gap Analysis The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument. automobiles & workshop and computer/IT related services.Sri Ganganagar Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled 5.49% with some major changes accounting for increase in services sector growth.16. Mainly the services of sales. Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Education/ Skill Development Banking.BPO Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Tourism. The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: Sectors Agriculture and allied Automobiles & Auto Components Food processing Electronics Hardware Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden & paper) Textile & Garments Building. Insurance & Finance Healthcare Machinery. structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill requirements of the industries identified in the district on the basis of manpower absorption and production in high growth industries in the district. Based on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the workforce projections were made across different categories.

As per the in-depth interviews conducted with senior functionaries of industry associations. Loans were made available on subsidy and provided by the bank linkages in this regards. Interview schedules (60 youths) and FGD with youths in college were used to draw inferences of their thought process.16. the informal sector was free to employ even a semi-skilled person and provide him the required skills later over a period of time. Compared to the informal sector. but the risk taking ability lacked in general.74 lakh (employable working population). Iron Tar and Atta industries are predominant in the district . aspirations and perceptions. Water and availability of skilled manpower is not a problem and all resources are available except uninterrupted power supply The VTIs are not completely fulfilling the needs of the industries. the need and dependence for skilled manpower by the local small scale industries was not well pronounced.Iron and tools Industries were the emerging sectors in the district which could sustainably absorb new manpower. Demand across the sectors for skilled workers was good but small and medium sectors only pooled semi-skilled and unskilled workers Scope for self-employment and entrepreneurship in the district was good.9 Youth Aspirations The study of the perceptions. district officials and observations. Keeping in mind the high rate of workforce participation from unskilled masses and the existing demand of skilled and semi-skilled workforce to be high. the significance would be to target training to atleast 80. 5. On the other hand.000 youths by 2017. Getting job in informal sectors was therefore easier and attracted number of skilled and semi-skilled manpower. 377 .vocational training institutes. Land. Some of the important findings were as follows:Situation is conducive enough to support industrial growth in Sri Ganganagar but Power has a major problem. why they think the way they do and how does society respond to their hopes. aspirations. But lot needs to be done in terms of grooming and proper guidance Rod. workforce Demand & Supply Gap Workforce Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled 2010-11 79087 18235 6907 2011-12 84140 22567 7197 2012-13 89395 34176 7319 2013-14 97482 40274 7591 2014-15 98170 46001 7825 2015-16 104589 51841 8054 2016-17 109221 56380 8455 Table 151 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 The incremental demand for skilled and semi-skilled workforces gives a gap of over 1. employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging. formal sector ventures were bound by some limitations in employing persons as they require trained people only. attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Sri Ganganagar district to understand what the youth think.

The reason seems to be the demand for this course in the market. self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Sri Ganganagar Inclination towards Electrical course was found high (82% of the youth reported their preference) followed by fitter trade (10%). unemployed and trainees (as shown in the Trainees table above). Unemployed 20 20 self-employed. The in-depth interactions were held with 60 respondents across the various categories of youth to provide deep insight and understanding on their aspirations and Youth Category perceptions. High percentage of trained electricians and mechanics formed part of the unemployed youths in the survey (25% and 25% respectively) which highlights the demand supply imbalance and highlights the major gap in the placement of the youths. 51. automobiles and the ancillary industries coming up in the district. of self and people associated/related with them. Preferred Trade for Training 5% 10% 5% Trade Profile of Self employed youths 30% 70% Trade Profile of Unemployed Youth 5% 25% 15% 15% 10% 25% 80% 5% Copa Electrical Electronics Fitter Copa Electronics Fitter Electrical Fire man Mech (diesel) Electrician Welder Figure 227 Profile of respondents (trainee.7% of the youth covered were college Table 152 Youth Profile of sample in Sri educated and 48. Employed 10 Self employed 10 The youth were covered from the categories of employed.3% had completed/ drop out from high Ganganagar school education. 378 . As self-employment electrical and welder were the chosen trades of the youths keeping in mind the manufacturing sector. their aspirations mapped against their attitudes to take up sustainable livelihoods work.The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to understand the perceptions of youth. All the respondents were covered from registered VTIs for relevance in skilling initiatives of the state government.

52 7.00 3. work satisfaction.00 7.00 2.47 7. need and aspirations –Sample Group The major dissatisfaction of the surveyed youths was the current monetary returns followed by the less opportunities of further training (especially in computers and English communication). but as an option they would prefer to get engaged 379 .00 1.22 4. family security and learning new technologies (respective trades) were the desires and expectations of the youth from the employment b) Families expected from them to get engaged in government jobs or well-paid jobs in big firms c) Preference to join the government jobs has made maximum number of youths to pursue training in the ITI d) Communicative English and computer training were generally undertaken by local training centres for better job opportunities e) 50% of the youths felt that self.employment had least scope in terms of secured future and sustainable growth.10 Youth’s Perception 9.55 5.00 8.22 Figure 228 Sri Ganganagar Youth’s perception. Also there were no encouragement by the family members to encourage the self-employment or enterprising f) The minimum salary expected after training by most of the youths was between Rs.02 7.00 7. The general aspirations were mapped by conducting FGDs with the youths from various categories and the following responses were evidently represented by the group: a) Better salaries.5.07 Assessmen Utility of Satisfactio Access to Capability Availability Satisfactio t of overall vocational n with VT VT of VT of latest n with skill level training institution Institution Institution' technologi monetary received s in s in own s faculty in es and returns providing district teaching equipment received skills skills for VT Sri Ganganagar 7.16. 800010000/month.87 6.52 7.00 4.47 7.55 4.00 6.02 7.00 5.00 .73 8.87 6. On a scale of 10 youths rated importance of access to VTIs and the capacity of VTIs providing training at the highest. Though many were not comfortable with the entry level jobs with less pay in private sectors.73 8.07 Need for further advanced training 5.

projection and analysis highlights the requirement of 1. semi-skilled and unskilled). institutions of training (VTI. Training institutions and the basic infrastructure for skilling suggests for more number of institutes (from various training capabilities) at district and block level which would in turn determine the linkages with the industries and institutions from various sectors as shown in the diagram below. and services and therefore would require increasing linkages with the related institutions for skilled workforce absorption 380 . textiles.11 Optimization Plan The optimization plan would be structured at three tier level of district comprising of target segment (skilled. b) Training Partners: The sectors for engaging more skilled workforce would be in food processing.Skill Development Eco System-Sri Ganganagar The key stakeholders’ contribution in enabling to achieve the target (as shown in the figure) would be as follows: a) State: The state to target the skilled and semi-skilled segment for skilled training by creating additional 25 skill development centres (VTIs) in the district level of operations. ITI. Figure 229 Optimization plan.16. Along with these. unskilled and semi-skilled demand. It should encourage the private training partners to participate and operate in the district due to its large base of workers involved in secondary and tertiary sectors. The preliminary gap finding. colleges etc. life skills and basics in computer would be the key areas of skill development training. c) Industries: The primary sectors of high human resource requirement would be food processing. specific course curriculum designed for communicative English.) and the sector wise institutions/industries. textiles and services in the district. Polytechnic.74 lakh of skilled. ITC.5.

17 District Hanumangarh 381 .5.

- - - - - - - 382 .

provisional) Total population Men Women SC (2001) ST (2001) Literacy (except 0-6 age group) Total literate Men Women Energy Electrified Villages Industries (DIC.24%. extremely hot during the summer and extremely cold during winter.06%). situated at 29° 5' to 30° 6' North and 74° 3' to 75º 3' east.17.37 78.33 lakhs and females are 8.a snapshot population and females constitute approximately 47. Males constitute approximately 52.82% of the state area and ranks 14th in the size of the districts. Punjab state in the North and Churu district in the South. 11 Hanumangarh has a population number 45 number 01 of 17.79 lakhs.) is 184. The geographical area of the district is 9656. S.73% (just higher than state average of 67. The average rainfall during the year is 225 to 300 mm. It occupies an area of approximately 2. Hanumangarh district has decadal population growth rate which is at 17.6% of the total population. Sriganganagar district in the west. in which males number 00 are9. male 383 .45 lakhs. km.4% of the Table 153 Hanumangarh District Profile.5. Sex ratio is 906 and the density (persons per sq. Carved out from Sriganganagar district and formally created on 12th day of July.no 1 Section LOCATION Latitude Longitude AREA Total geographical area ADMINISTRATION Tehsil Villages Land Use Pattern Total Area Total Irrigated area Population (census 2011.09 Sq. The climate of the district is semi-dry.91 1754 593 18127 585 1081 654 o 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 As per Census of India 2011. Hanumangarh has an average literacy rate of 68. Km.82 56. 2009) Registered MSME units Employed persons Education Pre Primary & Primary Schools Upper Primary Secondary & Sr. 1994 as 31st district of Rajasthan state. shares its boundaries with Haryana state in the east. Secondary Higher Education / Others Colleges ITI Polytechnic Unit Quantity/ Value degree min degree min Sq km number number Hectares Hectares number number number number number percent percent percent number number number number number number 29 5' N o 74 3' E 9656 07 1907 970359 676127 1779650 933660 845990 396646 10029 68. The maximum average temperature remains 18° to 48° and minimum average is 2° to 28° celcius.1 Demographic Profile: The district is located in the extreme north of Rajasthan. Hanumangarh district. This is the 31st district of Rajasthan.

1000 800 600 400 200 0 585 654 45 1 1 Figure 230 Number of Schools. Rajasthan. In general. and female literacy is 56. The out of school and drop outs have been lower for the girl child in comparison to some of the other 1081 1200 northern districts of the state.51%). One of the reasons for Upper Primary 1081 the good performance in education was also the higher Sec/ Sr Sec 19135 654 retention rates along with the early importance on Table 154 Hanumangarh vs. 2008) with primary sector engaging close to 75.e.761. education scenario The health indicators also highlight the status of females in the society and the healthier rate of enrolment of the girl child for formal education. Bajara and guar are other produces.82% (lower than the state average of 80. At the intermediate college level. At district headquarter. Kharif pulses (pearl millet). In rural areas the participation rate was higher than the urban by close to 16% showing the major engagement of workers in primary sector.90% of the workforce and rest 24. Hanumangarh A total of over 13500 students enroll in various institutes at colleges & ITI. A significant proportion of the district was engaged in the primary sector and in fact had a rising trend in the workforce percentage in a decade’s period. cotton and rice are grown here. wood. There exists a professional agriculture college as well. wheat. courses are available in the area of science.17. Crops likes millet.91% (higher than the average female literacy rates for the state). The livelihood of the rural sector totally based either on rainfed crops and animal husbandry or on the artesian trade industries especially leather crafts. The oilseeds especially mustard seed is the predominant crop.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization Hanumangarh ranks as 5th in the Human Development Education Hanumangarh Rajasthan Index at 0. Ground nut . arts and commerce. The worker participation rate (WPR) was 41. there was a big domestic market and agriculture Produce Market Committee. Farming is the main activity that is carried out in the Hanumangarh district. each household had its own transport facilities i. Colleges. Gram. rearing of camel. dying. Barle .literacy is 78.e. 3rd in health and 9th in income index. 5. each household had two to three mulching animals. Rice . It also ranks 10th on education index. Jawar . wheat . Hanumangarh Pre Primary 49546 585 observes a healthier trend in enrollment rates. wool and Bardi crafts established in all the blocks of the districts. A notable aspect was the female enrolment in the college education was 384 .39% (HDI. when &Primary 38889 compared to the state average. Rajasthan primary quality of education in the primary level of education. The rearing of livestock was at large scale i. Sugarcane. The economy of the district and surrounding area is mainly based on agriculture and animal husbandry. ITI & Polytechnic. Livelihood of the rural sector was comparatively better.1% in secondary & tertiary sectors. mustard and cotton .

Two upcoming trades – Four-Wheeler Mechanic and Courier Delivery have been identified. There was no difference Table 155 Courses offered in government and private VTIs (sample). Electrical was most preferred trade in Hanumangarh as COPA COPA maximum number of seats in Electrical Electrical both government and private Electronics Electronics VTIs were from this trade. Government VTI Trades Pvt. There was only one registered vocational training institutes in Hanumangarh district (01 ITI) with a total of above 180 aspirants enrolled in 2009-10.3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Hanumangarh district The existing scenario of VTIs in Hanumangarh was certainly on the lower side considering the number of educational institutes and the number of VTIs currently present.17. The primary survey conducted in the district to understand the present scenario of skilled intervention of the district. 5. Private organizations working in this sphere have a vast scope for initiating skilled interventions of the district and catering the needs for skilling youths of the district keeping in mind the ratio of female literates to that of males in the higher education and the progressive nature of the district in terms of HDI. The courses which were offered by the government VTIs and the private VTIs were same and were predominantly engineering based to cater the local market needs and address self-employment. between actual trainees and Hanumangarh approved trainees in Government VTI across all the trades whereas in Private VTIs the difference was varying from 12 to 46 seats for the trades like COPA (maximum) followed by fitter and mechanic. The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Hanumangarh are represented in the table. VTI Trades Based on the needs and requirement of the area the major five trades that emerged for the first phase of vocational training after using Porters Method are Computer Based Accountancy. Sales & Marketing. 385 . scope of placement and livelihood. As per the updated report available on Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 04 partners (includes KVK. preference of the youth for these trades. A detailed view of the vocational training of Hanumangarh could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs. ITC and NGO) implementing skilling initiatives with 17 approved programs (13 completed).quiet high and almost equal to that of males. All Fitter Fitter the private VTIs had successful Mechanic (Diesel) Mechanic (Diesel) running of the electrical courses. Repair & Maintenance of Diesel Engine. The government VTIs interviewed in the survey was one and nine were from the private. and Hotel Management. Household wiring and repair of domestic appliances.

The employment exchanges were not playing any role in the placements of the candidates. In the private VTIs there were increasing trends in the number of trainees passing out from the various trades with very few 2010-11 COPA Electronics Mechanic (Diesel) 2009-10 2008-09 Electrical Fitter 2007-08 gaps in utilization of the sanctioned seats. The trends across most of the trades showed marginal increase in demand for trades over time in the government VTIs. there are a large 386 .17.Hanumangarh Sample has almost increased by three times in the private VTIs due to increased private VTI numbers as well. In the Figure 232 -Number of trainees from private VTIs electrical trade the number of trainees passing out (year wise). Although agriculture and animal husbandry are the main economic activities of the district.Figure 231 Hanumangarh district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in VTIs and average (avg) salary offered There was no placement so far across all the trades in government VTIs through the efforts of the institutes whereas overview of placement records by trade in private VTIs indicates moderate prospects in all most all of the trades with the exception of electronics trade. Average salary/trainee indicated towards good prospect in electrical and COPA trade as the trainee of this trade got highest remuneration of Rs.4 Industry Mapping Economy of Hanumangarh District is dependent on agriculture and animal husbandry. 5.500/month from private institute. Placements of trainees from the private VTIs were mainly through campus interviews and through proactive approach to the industry by the VTIs and the trainees themselves. 6.

91 15086 2348 Figure 233 MSME trend analysis of the district Hanumangarh 5.I.C.number of small and large scale industries too. Industries in Hanumangarh District are based on agriculture. cotton and jute. 2012). Gypsum is the main mineral which is found in Rawatsar and Pilibanga Tehsils. Gypsum used in manufacturing of fertilizer.54 9845 11179 13104 8266.98 crores. leather. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis shall be made on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment. There exists two clusters – leather (artisan based) and Plaster of Paris (micro based) in the district.01 7492 8767 6223. About 90% of the total production of Gypsum is send to outside the district.I. There were 08 industrial areas mapped by RIICO in the district. employment and numbers. These industries have a capital investment of Rs.91 2012 13445.94 11179 1994 2171 2011 11066.01 7492 1520 1707 2008 4930. MSME in Hanumangarh According to D. 35000 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 Investment (Rs. This would necessarily factor in the concentration of SSI as the major parameter (due to small number of large scale industries) and would also represent any new sector other than the listed sectors existing in Hanumangarh.94 15086 11066.98 4930. Sweetlime and Kalmi Shora is also found in the district.77 13445. wood. in Lacs) Employment (Numbers) Registered units (Numbers) 1520 2007 3678.17.54 8767 1707 1859 2009 6223.5 Sector wise mapping of industries District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below. Portland cement & Plaster of paris. 387 .77 13104 2171 2348 3678.13445. Apart from these. The district is not rich in respect of mineral resources.98 9845 1859 1994 2010 8266.C data (March. there were around 2342 MSME units set up in the district which were registered in D.91 lakhs providing employment to 15086 persons. there were 02 large and medium scale industries employing close to 1470 persons with an investment of Rs 18.

34 199. Electricals & Manufacturing Tourism. investment>300.11 837.66 178.35 6906 260 1067. Metals & Minerals (includes quarrying) Machinery. Hospitality & Trade employer group set up).) Transport & Logistics Mines. Sectors covered under sample survey 388 . emp>250 Units> 10.District /Sectors Agriculture & Allied Forest Based Auto & Auto Components Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Food Processing Furniture & Furnishing Leather & leather goods Textile & Handloom Jute & jute based Repair & Servicing Building Construction & Real Estates Education & Skill Development Healthcare Unorganized (artisan/leather/services etc. emp>20 Investment & demand based sectors of districtDIC Table 156 Sector wise mapping of industries in Hanumangarh as per DIC report.56 473 1142 1621 52 556 319 1026. These industries were selected from large. investment>40.19 1360 329 2659. medium and small covering various growth sectors of the district as shown in the table above. Though the mines and minerals sector employed major workforce in the small scale industries. investment> 30.79 1444. but due to the less mineral deposits in the district it had become more static over the years with marginal rise.56 Employment 3250 690 287 227 612 732 29 166 27.01 14.03 1170 Units>300.emp>700 Units>100. The 10 industries were sampled for the survey to represent 5 major sectors that are prominent in the district as shown in the table above along with representation of unorganized sectors. The sample of employers consisted of Table 157 Break-up of industries in Hanumangarh (Sample study) functionaries from diverse industries located in Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan.52 463. 2007 In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set Agriculture & Allied up stratified sample of 10 industries Chemical & Chemical Products were selected (depending on the Construction Material & Building Hardware availability of respondents’ of the Machinery. Travel. Sectors like leather and textiles were considered to be the major thrust sectors for the district’s industrial growth. Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging Units 334 128 112 Investment (Rs lakhs) 2712.

and retail shops etc. Male candidates are bound to work after they have turned 16 because their upbringing happens in deficiency of basic needs. Many of them are working in ball bearing factories as skilled labour on machines. 50 40 30 20 10 0 initial current Skilled Agriculture & Allied Construction Material & Building Hardware Tourism. no significant increase in worker in-take was reported by the industries. all industries across six sectors have increased their workers strength over the years and also have the potential to absorb more semiskilled workforce across the industries. The primary data during the survey focused on the diversified sectors of the district capturing the workforce structure in terms of skilled. Electricals & Manufacturing sector). small tea shop owners.to Rs80/.making hole. Hospitality & Trade) have reduced their unskilled workforce whereas Construction Material & Building Hardware sector 389 .17. working in garage. Electricals & Manufacturing required initial current Unskilled required 4 0 1 0 0 5 0 1 1 0 5 8 0 1 1 0 1 4 3 2 11 6 5 3 2 11 3 1517 10 2 4 47 41 34 22 7 6 10 14 4 25 15 13 2 Figure 234 Workforce engagement under various stages and required strength of workers across sectors surveyed (Hanumangarh sample) While the two out of 5 sector industries sampled sector could not provide details of their skilled worker strengths. As reported by industries for semiskilled workforce. Hospitality & Trade required initial current Semiskilled Chemical & Chemical Products Machinery. Two out of five sectors (Agriculture & Allied and Tourism. Demand for skilled worker in future was also not very high across all sector industries. polishing vis-à-vis as loaders and un loaders. wage labourer. in three of the sectors (Agriculture & Allied. Travel. Travel. contract and casual labourers.and the average duration of working hours per day varies from 10 to 12 hours. Construction Material & Building Hardware and Machinery.6 Workforce Demand and Supply Most of the workforce in the sample areas was either unemployed or engaged in various skilled and unskilled trades such as agricultural workers. The average wage of the unskilled workers varies from Rs50/. Majority of the interviewed among youths have left their education because they were forced to earn money for supporting themselves and their families. Females are mostly working in pharmaceutical manufacturing units or chocolate manufacturing units as packaging labourer.5. semi-skilled and unskilled workers at various stages of the industries as shown in the below figure.

5 4 workers the primary 4.5 15 3.5 4 3 3. The contractors were mainly engaged to get the industries the unskilled workforce on demand basis.7 Projected Workforce Demand It has been observed in the primary survey that the percentage of skilled workers have been almost static over the years and had marginal increase in the semi-skilled workforce.5 4 4 3. 5. Recruitment of required workers was done from known sources such as own workers which appeared to be the most reliable method of recruitment for most of the industries. The chemical Figure 235 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Hanumangarh) and construction sector industries had topped the demand expectations from its workers (on a scale of 5). In contemporary scenario the engagement of unskilled labor (71% of the total workforce) was quiet high followed by semi-skilled (23%) and skilled (06%). Electricals & Manufacturing skills and learning and Tourism. The demand for unskilled workforce was still high and followed by semi-skilled workers requirement.5 survey provided that 10 5 4 4 5 4 the major demand 5 4. In terms of industries’ requirements and the 25 expectation of the 4 20 3 employers from its 3 4 3 4 4 3.17.3 was loyalty followed 0 by productivity and Skills Loyalty Learning & Aspirations Productivity & Development Career Efficiency efficiency from its Growth workforce. The potential to absorb more unskilled workforce across the industries was found high. 390 . Hospitality & Trade development of the workers.5 3. Travel.5 4. The least Agriculture & Allied Chemical & Chemical Products considered was the Construction Material & Building Hardware Machinery.industries have increased their workers’ strength and all other industries have kept same number of worker since industry establishment.

Hanumangarh Skilled Semiskilled Sectors Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand 2010-11 172261 66815 5121 244197 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Agricultural Sector 220688 274472 329767 72393 5493 298574 77593 5840 357905 82101 6140 418007 2014-15 361181 84662 6311 452154 2015-16 425610 89914 6661 522185 2016-17 471043 93618 6908 571568 % of manpowe r 68% Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand 53599 24738 4123 82460 57315 26453 4409 88177 Industry Sector 58004 61486 26771 28378 4462 4730 89237 94594 Services Sector 22670 23550 52897 54949 75567 78498 151134 156997 62695 28936 4823 96455 64854 29933 4989 99775 66501 30693 5115 102309 12% Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand 20801 48535 69335 138670 21889 51075 72964 145927 24122 56284 80405 160811 24945 58205 83151 166301 25585 59699 85284 170568 20% 100% Table 158 Projected percentage of workforce (demand) requirement till 2017 across primary. secondary and tertiary sectors-Hanumangarh Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total Demand 246661 140087 78579 465327 299892 149921 82865 532678 All Sectors 355147 157261 85868 598276 414803 165428 89368 669599 447998 169882 91539 709419 515409 178052 94800 788261 563129 184009 97307 844445 391 .Current workforce division Unskilled required current initial required current initial required current initial 0 50 100 150 Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled 71% 6% 23% Figure 236 : Expected year wise requirement of workforce and current break up of workforce across industries surveyed (Sample).

The projections suggest the demand in the services sectors and the industries would grow and the workforce demand from these sectors shall be close to 32%.Hanumangarh Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled 392 . The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall be used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings. The upcoming services which may engage good workforce in near future shall be as follows: Packaged food industries Printing Press Automobiles & Tractor Services Tyre Retrading Hotel Management Based on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the workforce projections were made across different categories. Electricals & Manufacturing Mining. Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Education/ Skill Development Banking. Insurance & Finance Healthcare Machinery. Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement Table 159 Workforce across various sectors by 2017. services contributing 20% of the total.BPO Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Tourism. The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: Sectors Agriculture and allied Automobiles & Auto Components Food processing Electronics Hardware Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden & paper) Textile & Garments Building. Hardware & Home Furnishings Leather & Leather Goods Unorganised Sectors (includes services) ITES.

17. the significance would be to target training to atleast 40. district officials and observations. 393 . the farmers were not willing to give their land for the establishment of the industries. Some of the important findings were as follows:Situation is not conducive enough to support industrial growth in Hanumangarh. the number of visitors to the town has seen a steady rise in the last few years and the hospitality industry has started responding to this trend. household wiring and engine repairs etc. The analysis factored in industry linkages with vocational training institutes. but the agriculture based business helped people get self-employment. workforce Demand & Supply Gap Workforce Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 62494 15629 5649 69814 16117 5983 76275 16378 6164 82102 16751 6398 85324 16745 6513 92010 17085 6727 96669 17230 6864 Table 160 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 The incremental demand for skilled and semi-skilled workforces gives a gap of over 1. The VTIs felt short of fulfilling the needs of the industries (not exactly or completely). Rice processing and other agricultural products were emerging fast as new areas for growth. sales. employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging. structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill requirements of the industries identified in the district on the basis of manpower absorption and production in high growth industries in the district. Atta. Along with this.8 Skill Gap Analysis The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument. Land for establishment of industries was a problem since the district was primarily into agriculture and therefore. As per the in-depth interviews conducted with senior functionaries of industry associations. some of the other preferred services shall be computer based works.20 lakh (working population). Guar Gum. As a natural consequence the demand for skilled manpower in this sector is substantial. Investments were not good but there was hardly any support from the government. Acquiring of land was a major problem. Keeping in mind the rate of workforce participation from unskilled masses and the existing demand of skilled workforce to be low. The district authorities were not making any efforts in this direction.5.000 youths by 2017 from unskilled categories to engage either in various entrepreneurship training modules or skill development through short term courses with on job training. Rice Mill and Oil Mills were predominant in the district. In case of services sector. Industries should give more attention regarding the remuneration so that it could attract skilled workers. the need and dependence for skilled manpower by the local small scale industries was not well pronounced. Scope for self-employment and entrepreneurship in the district was very good.

In continuation with the most preferred trade during VTI. so maximum (around 53%) numbers of unemployed youths were also from this category. Preferred Trade for Training 10% 5% 15% 15% 10% 5% Employed Self employed 10 10 20 20 Trade Profile of Self employed youths 10% 40% 50% Trade Profile of Unemployed Youth 11% 5% 26% 10% 35% 53% Copa Electronics Electrical Fitter Electrician Moter winder Welder Copa Electronics Electrical Mech (diesel) Figure 237 Profile of respondents (trainee. The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to understand the perceptions of youth. most sought. 15%. who were surveyed. trade was Plumber and Fitter trade i. All the respondents were covered from registered Hanumangarh VTIs for relevance in skilling initiatives of the state government. As large numbers of respondents were trained in Electronics at VTIs. Mechanic (diesel) emerged as the second leading trade (26%) in unemployed youths. Interview schedules (60 youths) and FGD with youths in college were used to draw inferences of their thought process. Second. attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Hanumangarh district to understand what the youth think. self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Hanumangarh Inclination towards electronics course was found high as around 35% of the youth preferred it during his/her training at VTI. unemployed and trainees (as shown in the Unemployed table above). self-employed.9 Youth Aspirations The study of the perceptions. aspirations. why they think the way they do and how does society respond to their hopes.17. Welding as an occupation was chosen by around 40% of the youth. 35% of the youth covered were college Trainees educated and 65% had completed/ drop out from high school Table 161 Youth Profile of sample in education. The youth were covered from the categories of employed. The in-depth interactions were held with 60 respondents across the various categories of youth to provide deep insight and understanding on their aspirations and Youth Category perceptions.e. it was found that half of the self-employed youth.5. of self and people associated/related with them. were engage in Motor winding work. aspirations and perceptions. The reason for the same seemed to be the demand for this course in the market. The youths at present were engaged mainly in the following trades as a semi or unskilled workers: 394 . their aspirations mapped against their attitudes to take up sustainable livelihoods work.

5. Casual laborers.00 6. There were few who are self-employed and are engaged as: Vendors.81 5. but as an option they would prefer to get engaged 5.22 6. colleges etc. semi-skilled and unskilled). The general aspirations were mapped by conducting FGDs with the youths from various categories and the following responses were evidently represented by the group: g) Better salaries. Drivers Painters.00 2.00 5.Agricultural labourers.00 . Construction labor.93 Access to Capability Availability Satisfactio VT of VT of latest n with Institution Institution' technologi monetary s in own s faculty in es and returns district teaching equipment received skills for VT 6. Factory laborers.11 Optimization Plan The optimization plan would be structured at three tier level of district comprising of target segment (skilled. need and aspirations –Sample Group The major dissatisfaction of the surveyed youths was the less opportunities of further training (especially in computers and English communication) followed by current monetary returns.88 6. On a scale of 10. Also there were no encouragement by the family members to encourage the self-employment or enterprising l) The minimum salary expected after training by most of the youths was between Rs.98 4. institutions of training (VTI.00 4.19 Need for further advanced training Hanumangarh 7.) and 395 . ITC.64 6. 800010000/month.10 Youth’s Perception 8.86 Figure 238 Hanumangarh Youth’s perception. Unskilled industrial workers.00 7.17.00 1. youths rated importance of skill level of the VTIs providing training at the highest.17.employment had least scope in terms of secured future and sustainable growth.00 3.00 Assessmen Utility of t of overall vocational skill level training received Satisfactio n with VT institution s in providing skills 6. Furniture workers. Handicraft making Industry workers. Hotel boys/ house-keepers. family security and learning new technologies (respective trades) were the desires and expectations of the youth from the employment h) Families expected from them to get engaged in government jobs or well-paid jobs in big firms i) Preference to join the government jobs has made maximum number of youths to pursue training in the ITI j) Communicative English and computer training were generally undertaken by local training centres for better job opportunities k) 7 out of 10 felt that self. ITI. Polytechnic. Though many were not comfortable with the entry level jobs with less pay in private sectors. Vegetable vendor. work satisfaction.

The interface between the VTIs and the industrial bodies would be essential for the mutual benefit. also for more skilled workers in agriculture and allied sectors. Training institutions and the basic infrastructure for skilling suggests for more number of institutes (from various training capabilities) at district and block level which would in turn determine the linkages with the industries and institutions from various sectors as shown in the diagram below.Skill Development Eco System-Hanumangarh The district would require more dedicated approach to advocate the usefulness of skilled workers in the industries and also need to target the service sector employment (emerging sectors) by engaging and converting unskilled workforce to semi-skilled and skilled. Figure 239 Optimization plan. VTIs should be vital in getting the work ready repairers and mechanics. The preliminary gap finding. projection and analysis highlights the requirement of 1. 396 . unskilled and semi-skilled demand.2 lakh of skilled.the sector wise institutions/industries.

18 District Sirohi 397 .5.

- - - - - - - 398 .

2009) Registered MSME units Employed persons 10 Education Pre Primary & Primary Schools Upper Primary Secondary & Sr. In 2011. Sirohi had population of 1. In 2001 census.With just number 20330 202 the density of population in the state ranks at 19 (Census.n o Section Unit Quantity/ Value 1 LOCATION Latitude Longitude 2 AREA Total geographical area 3 ADMINISTRATION Tehsil Villages 4 Land Use Pattern Total Area Total Irrigated area 5 Population (census 2011. It stands th numbe 451 r 14 on the Human numbe 179 r Development Index (0.5.37 lakhs (1.158 were females.50 % of number 5480 the area of the state. Sirohi had a population of 851.51 percent of total Rajasthan population. miles) and is the third smallest district of Rajasthan. Sirohi accounts for population of 10. after Dungarpur and Banswara.037. provisional) Total population Men Women SC (2001) ST (2001) degree degree min min square km number number Hectare Hectare s s number number number number number percent percent percent 24o53' N 72o51' E 5136 5 477 517947 97496 1037185 535115 502070 162984 210763 56.18. Sirohi District population constituted 1.107 of which males were 437.09 40.12 number 462 It ranks as the25thlargest district of the state covering 1.645) and r 26thon the GDI (0.070 respectively.1 Demographic Profile: Sirohi district is situated at the south-west part of Rajasthan between parallel of 24o53' N and 72o51' E.949 and remaining 413. Secondary Higher Education / Others Colleges ITI Polytechnic 399 .a snapshot index (26th and 23rd rank respectively) which pulls the district down on overall HDI ranking. its due r to the education and health Table 162 Sirohi District Profile.5% of the state population and 30th ranked in population of the state) with sex ratio of 938 (compared to 2001 census figure of 943) which still is on 6 Literacy (except 0-6 age group) Total literate Men Women 8 Energy Electrified Villages 9 Industries (DIC.460).51 percent of Rajasthan population.It has an area of 5139 km's (2009 sq. It is the third smallest district of Rajasthan. this figure for Sirohi District was at 1.Provisional).115 and 502. As per provisional census 2011 data. numbe 845 2011. S. It was numbe 09 observed that though the numbe 03 r district fares quiet high on th numbe 01 r income index (6 rank).02 71. In 2001 census.185 of which male and female were 535.

the higher side of the state ratio of 926.According to Census 2011 provisional data. the school spread was uneven in comparison to the state average and across other districts.50% in secondary & tertiary sectors.42. According to Census 2011 provisional Sirohi has a total of 1475 schools from pre-primary to senior secondary levels. As per the HDI report of &Primary 2008. Sirohi has also been among the districts with high Upper Primary 38889 451 drop-out rates. The worker participation rate in Sirohi is 40.6% & Rural. In rural areas the participation rate is higher than the urban by close to 12% (Urban. Rajasthan education status primary and secondary levels for ST was just at 27-35% only. ITI & Polytechnic. As per the updated Figure 240 Number of Schools.94%of 2001 which remains on the lower side of the state figure of 67. At the intermediate college level. There are total of four registered 845 451 179 9 3 1 vocational training institutes in Sirohi district out of which 03 are ITIs and 01 polytechnic. The retention rate of students in schools was quiet low which also contributes to the drop in literacy rates and status of education. A total of just above 650 aspirants got enrolled in 2009-10 in the registered training institutes.4% with Sec/ Sr Sec 19135 179 enrolment rate of girls being among the lowest. A total of over 3. ITI & polytechnic.30.12% with marginal increase in the rates for both males and females though remains significantly lower than the state figures. With high percentage of ST population in Sirohi.18.41% (HDI.200 students enroll in various institutes at colleges. courses are available in the area of science. 2009-10Sirohi 400 . 5. Considering the density of population and the vast area. the education at Table 163 Sirohi vs. Even the private institutes have not come up with courses befitting the district masses.60% of the workforce and rest49. There was a decrease in the decadal growth of population of 9% approximately showing trends of population stabilization.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization Sirohi’s status in literacy was marked far below than the Education Sirohi Rajasthan state average but also marked with very low literacy status Pre Primary 49546 845 of both male and female literacy. arts and commerce. 2008) with primary sector engaging close to 50. Colleges. There has been tremendous shift to secondary and tertiary workforce participation by over 17%for a period over a decade. the male literacy figure stands at 71. Rajasthan. The literacy rate of Sirohi in 2011 is 56. The retention rate is just at 43.02% compared to 53.5%). The district clearly lacks the education infrastructure for higher education. The supply constraint in case of education infrastructure was evident as per reports of Rajasthan HDI report. 2008.06.09% and female literacy was at a low of 40.

In private VTIs the courses were more male oriented and 1 of the 06 courses offered was preferred by the women. A detailed view of the vocational training of Sirohi could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs. It appears that electrical was among the preferred trades in the VTIs (as the difference between the sanctioned and Figure 241 Sirohi district’s (sample study) courses offered placements in government and private VTIs 401 .3 VTI’s demand across various trades The existing scenario of VTIs in Sirohi was on the lower side considering the number of youths passing out. ITIs. preference of the youth for these trades. 5.report available on Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 04 partners (includes NGOs. scope of placement and livelihood. The government VTIs interviewed in the survey was four and five were from the private. Private players have not yet ventured in a big way eventually leaving a vast scope for skilled intervention of the district and catering the needs for skilling youths of the district. The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Jaipur are represented as follows: Private VTI Trades Electrical Fitter Mechanic (Diesel) Table 164 Sirohi district’s (sample study) courses offered Government VTI Trades Electrical Electronics Fitter Welder Wireman Mechanic (Diesel) The total 05 VTIs (03 governments+02 private) covered in the sample. The courses which were offered by the government VTIs were predominantly self-employment based or to cater the local market needs. The government VTIs sampled for the study offer 06 different trades for training while the private VTIs offer 03 trades. and seeking employment as skilled workforce. government college) implementing skilling initiatives with 08 approved programs (06 are completed).18.

marble. marble and granites. And these had given employment to 3314 persons of the district. electricity and water supply. synthetics yarn. Textile and Animal husbandry were the main among these industries. Mechanical. in Abu road there are Gujarat Mineral Development Corporation Ltd and Lok Housing And Construction Ltd. and space for conducting the training. These industries produce portland cement. acid. fibres. Similarly. Pindwara tehsil emerging as an Industrial center of the district has Binani Cement having investment of 400 crores of rupees and producing portland cement. high tension insulators. in Bharja with investment of 350 crore rupees which produce telephone cables. There are 7 no.18.4 Industry Mapping The district had been declared as industry less district of the Rajasthan a decade ago. of Industrial Areas and which are as followsAbu Road Ambaji Mandaur Saroop Ganj Sheoganj Sirohi Sirohi Road 402 . Similarly. All the VTIs claimed to have updated technologies. tubes. The Sirohi district is full of minerals therefore the industries based on minerals were developed rapidly. The selection of course design and other influencing factors for finalization of courses by the VTI functionaries were more or less determined by the availability of facilities and equipment. It appears in the all the sampled VTIs. None of the VTIs had hostel facilities for girls and boys. and 6257 small scale industries in the district. Today. The staffing in these institutes were marked understaffed in aspects dealing in academics & managerial positions in government VTIs. Average salary/trainee indicated good prospect in terms of initial pay of Rs. rather introduced the aspirants for self-employment. Gujrat Cable Ltd. The trades like electrical with maximum number of overall seats did not have proper placement scenario and accounted for just 40% of the overall placement. This industry less district Sirohi came up along with other industrially developed districts of the state by the special efforts put by the State Government. medium scale industries produces tiles and slabs of cement. there are 8 Large Scale Industries and 12 Medium Scale Industries. At that time the 1574 Industries units were registered. woven checks and texturizing threads. Commuting facility for the aspirants in all private and government VTIs was a good initiative and different from many other districts surveyed. 5000/month in most of the trades. Forest. equipped labs. The total investment of these Industries was 2 crore and 21 lakh of rupees. An overview of placement records by trade in the government and private VTIs indicate poor prospects in almost all the trades with the exception of Diesel Mechanic trade in government VTI and fitter private VTIs. polymers and mineral powder. the number of actual trainees compared to the number of approved number of trainees was more or less same across all the trades.actual seats in the existing batches was low). 5. are under construction with the investment of rupees 100 crores. and private VTIs had staffed adequately as per requirement. granite. Agricultural. More often the courses provided were less oriented for direct placement in the market.

K. Since. we hope that in near future Sirohi district will emerge as leading Industrial district in the State. ceramic glazed tiles. precipitated silica & synthetic blended yarn.. Sirohi Road. 70000 60000 50000 40000 30000 20000 10000 0 Investment (Rs.26463.Catate powder.C.91 22352 5991 2012 26463. Pindwara. granite slabs & tiles. Corporation Ltd (Laxmi Cement Ltd). Gujarat Cable Limited.C data (March. hydrochloric acid. Industrial Area. portland cement. hydrochloric acid. granite slabs.Main existing Industries . Arbuda Industrial Area. polleyester yarn. PVC granules. Amli. employment and thus. high tension insulators. HDPE /PP fabrics & bags.31 21304 5741 2011 19258. there were around 6257 MSME units set up in the districtwhich were registered in D.I. Risabh Special Yarn Ltd. marble polished slabs.. Ambaji.I. mustard de-oiled cakes.06 24651 6257 Figure 242 MSME trend analysis of the district Sirohi There has been a constant increasing trend in the investment of industries.65 19448 5229 2009 15429. Aburoad. Triupati Fibers Ltd. MSME in Sirohi According to D. The main existing cluster of the district were Terra kotta cluster. Aburoad.Siyawa.. Volcam India Ltd. Aburoad. Sirohi district is enriched with minerals and also due to immense possibility of Handloom Industry. Stone 403 . 2012). Bharja. Greaves Limited. Export Items .34 20330 5480 2010 17847. marble slabs & tiles. Major industries in the district areBinani Cement Ltd.. the number of units as well. marble articles. cotton yarn textures. Banas. steel pipes & synthetic blended yarn.Marble handicraft items.06 lakhs providing employment to 24651 persons. Modern Insulator.79 18473 4973 2008 14524. in Lacs) Employment (Numbers) Registered units (Numbers) 2007 13970. J. high tension insulators. These industries have a capital investment of Rs.

37 56. Hospitality & Trade Transportation. employment and numbers. ware housing & packaging Mines.cluster. Metals & Minerals Machinery. as daily wagers. Mineral powder cluster.20 41.5 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Jaipur District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the 20 high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below. Pindwada. Pindwada. Some of the upcoming and potential service based industries were as follows:- 404 . and manufacturing sector. emp>400 Units> 10. District /Sectors Agriculture & Allied Auto & Auto Components Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Food Processing Furniture & Furnshing Leather & leather goods Textile Repair & Servicing Building Construction & Real Estates Education & Skill Development Healthcare IT & ITES Tourism.15 78. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis were carried out on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment. investment>200. Utensils cluster. Some of the major employment engagement in the district happens in the sectors of mines and minerals. Travel. 5. Abu Road and Leather cluster. Granite cluster Abu Road. A substantially good number of workforce (60%) form the services backbone of the district and are engaged in various industries. This would necessarily factor in the concentration of SSI as the major parameter (due to small number of large scale industries) and would also represent any new sector other than the listed sectors existing in Sirohi.emp>500 Units>80. investment> 30. emp>30 Investment & demand based sectors of districtDIC Table 165 Sector wise mapping of industries in Sirohi as per DIC report. 2007 There have been many MSME coming up in the district engaging the semi-skilled workforce.22 Employment 51 182 104 63 40 53 412 244 791. Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging Units 5 15 22 23 14 19 93 Investment (Rs lakhs) 114. Logistics.76 911 208 390. Mandar. households etc.39 68. investment>350.21 551 Units>200.18.31 555.59 464.

Health scheme. Housing scheme and provision of food for their workers.03 Minerals and metals. PF scheme. Travel & Hospitality. The sampled industries were majorly from mines and minerals.Potential Service Industries Photography Cycle Repairing Electronics/Electrical Repairing Cyber café Photo copying Hotel & Restaurants Data processing Steel Fabrication Motor Rewinding Beauty Parlor/Hair cutting saloon Mobile Repairing Vehicle Repairing Table 166 Potential service industries providing employment to the semi-skilled workforce in Sirohi In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set up stratified sample of 10 industries was selected (depending on the availability of respondents’ of the employer group set up). Electricals & Manufacturing-01 Tourism. 405 . medium and small industries covering various growth sectors of the district as shown in the table above. Sectors covered under sample survey Construction material & building hardware. All these firms had some popular worker welfare schemes such as ESI scheme.04 Machinery.01 Agri & Allied-01 Table 167 Break up of industries in Sirohi (Sample study) These industries were selected from large. All the industries selected were having representation of the various sectors either emerging or prominent in the district. construction and tourism/ hospitality.

current and required) 30 20 10 0 5 5 5 5 5 5 4. Metals & Minerals required initial current Semiskilled Building & Construction.18. Hospitality & Trade required initial current Unskilled Machinery. Electricals & Manufacturing required Figure 243 Status of skilled.1% to 50. Hardware Mines.5. Majority of the workforce has been engaged in services like repairing and upcoming industrial support functions in transport.6 Workforce Demand and Supply 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 initial current Skilled Agriculture & Allied Mines. semi-skilled workforce and unskilled workforce across sectors (Sample Sirohi) at various stages (initial. In terms of industries’ requirements and the market trends the primary survey provides the major demand in terms of expectations from the employers were skills and efficiency. Almost all the sectors ranked closely in their overall demand with leading expectations mapped by engineering based industries like machinery. Hospitality & Trade Building & Construction. Hardware Tourism. There is distinct trend observed in the workforce engaged as laborers and wage earners who get engaged as helpers. Electricals & Manufacturing Tourism. Metals & Minerals The major workforce participation observed in Sirohi district over a period of two decades has been majorly shifting to more secondary and tertiary sectors with emphasis majorly on cluster based industries and the service demand laborers. semi-skilled mechanics etc. mineral based and construction. Therefore. Travel. cleaners. Travel.7 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 Agriculture & Allied Machinery.7 5 5 4 4 5 5 5 5 4 4. There has been declining trend of workforce share in primary sector from 67. the increase in the share of secondary and tertiary has been quiet significant for the same period. Engagement in secondary and tertiary sector shows an increasing trend as per the industrial growth of the district though very marginal in some of the textile and leather sectors. logistics etc.6% from 1991-2001. Figure 244 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers (Sirohi) 406 .

they were mainly relying on semi-skilled workforce as this category had the largest workforce and high potential to absorb unskilled workers in the near future from secondary analysis of trends shown in the service sectors. Sectors Unskilled Semi-Skilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semi-Skilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semi-Skilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semi-Skilled Skilled Total Demand 2010-11 35053 29391 1959 66404 17649 17377 2896 37922 11340 16459 3798 31597 64042 63227 42654 169923 2011-12 35867 29240 1949 67057 19456 18210 3035 40702 11957 17899 4155 34011 67280 65349 44840 177469 2012-13 2013-14 Agricultural Sector 36346 37131 29629 30271 1975 2018 67950 69420 Industry Sector 18390 19343 17718 18158 2953 3026 39062 40528 Services Sector 12258 12636 18601 19483 5659 6212 36518 38330 All Sectors 66993 69110 65949 67912 45788 47163 178730 184185 2014-15 38505 31390 2093 71987 19252 18116 3019 40387 12860 20008 7868 40736 70617 69513 47980 188111 2015-16 38579 31450 2097 72125 19617 18285 3047 40950 13255 20929 8684 42867 71451 70663 49328 191442 2016-17 39504 32204 2147 73855 19605 18279 3047 40931 13505 21511 9415 44430 72613 71994 14609 159216 % of manpower Skilled 46% 26% 28% 100% Table 168 Labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across primary.7 Projected Workforce Demand There has been certain decrease in the number of full time skilled workers over a period of time and the future engagement of skilled workers would be only to fulfil the existing gap. current and required strength across sample industries of Sirohi did not see any increase from the previous years and the future requirement also was not seen as per the primary survey across industries.5. Across all five sectors represented in the sample.18. As reported by industries since industry establishment. relatively large worker strength (semi-skilled and unskilled) was observed for mines. The semi-skilled and unskilled categories of the workforce Semiskille d Unskilled required current initial required current initial required current initial 0 0 24 24 0 153 153 5 12 16 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Figure 245 Status of workforce in terms of initial. metals & minerals sector which also included the stone polishing and related industries. secondary and tertiary sectors Sirohi 407 .

Insurance & Finance Healthcare Machinery. The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall be used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings.The district has shown a shift towards more secondary and tertiary based workforce and has strong potential in terms of service sectors coming up in various sectors to enable industrial development and addressing the basic requirements of IT and computers. Hardware & Home Furnishings Leather & Leather Goods IT or software ITES. Electricals & Manufacturing Mining.Sirohi Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled 408 . Basis on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the Workforce projections made across different categories highlight these distribution pattern. These sectors would basically cover 54% of the total workforce by 2017 of which the demand for the unskilled and semi-skilled workers shall be almost similar keeping in mind the scope of industrialization in the district and the new services coming in the district.BPO Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Tourism. The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: Sectors Automobiles & Auto Components Food processing Electronics Hardware Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden &paper) Textile & Garments Building. Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Repair and services Education/ Skill Development Banking. Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement Table 169 Workforce across various sectors by 2017.

the need and dependence for skilled manpower by the local small scale industries was not well pronounced. Material building and hardware were emerging fast as new areas for growth. The district authorities did not make many efforts in this direction.18. but the agriculture based business helped people get self-employment. The analysis would factor in industry linkages with vocational training institutes. employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging.5. why they think the way they do and how does 409 . The situation of skill gap for the district for 2010-11 to 201617 based on projections is represented in the table below (assumptions set in the annexure _ Projection Model):Workforce Demand & Supply Gap 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 65880 15186 7884 62987 16214 7896 56167 17039 7953 43993 17916 7965 2010-11 Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled 66392 14258 7732 2015-16 43453 18901 8021 2016-17 35910 19805 8030 Table 170 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce trend 2011-2017 The gap after the projection till 2017 suggests a total of 0.54 lakhs which should be the basic target for skilling initiatives. attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Jaipur district to understand what the youth think. Material building and hardware and machinery electrical and manufacturing sector may absorb maximum skilled manpower in the industrial base. As per the in-depth interviews conducted with senior functionaries of industry associations. aspirations. 5. Establishment of VTIs and Polytechnics by the government in Sirohi was an important step to meet the needs of the industry.62 lakh across various sectors at different workforce compositions. Some of the important findings from the in-depth interviews with district representatives were as follows:Situation was not conducive enough to support industrial growth in Sirohi.9 Youth Aspirations The study of the perceptions. The gap in semi-skilled and unskilled would be close to 0. Also there were few gaps observed in the overall workforce requirement and the available as per the primary analysis. district officials and observations. Investments were good but acquiring of land for establishment of industries. structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill requirements of the industries identified in the district on the basis of manpower absorption and production in high growth industries in the district. Stone querying cutting and polishing were predominant in the district. Currently there was a gap between the demand and supply of manpower since most of the trained person looking for government services.8 Skill Gap Analysis The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument.18. Water supply was sufficient in the district Scope for self-employment and entrepreneurship in the district was very good. skilled labour/minimal skilled workforce and power supply were problem areas.

interaction with other stakeholders in terms of sustainable livelihoods and future course of actions for growth in the sectors favorable as per the district or overall economy of the state. their aspirations mapped against their attitudes to take up sustainable livelihoods work. The average age of the respondents was 24 years with majority (58%) interviewed at government centres and 42% at private VTIs. 410 . self-employed. These trades appear to be the most popular trades as per the perceived demand in the market. unemployed and trainees (as shown in the table above). All the respondents were covered from registered VTIs for relevance in skilling initiatives of the state government. self-employed and unemployed) by trade in sample of Sirohi Among the respondents covered under the survey the course of electronics was one of the most preferred one followed by fitter and turner. 34% of the youth covered were college educated and 64% had completed/ drop out from high school education. In sample of youths under self-employed the course of fitter was dominant and engaged close to 80% of the sampled youths. Interview schedules (60 youths) and FGD with youths in college were used to draw inferences of their thought process. electrical and fitter trade categories. The in-depth interactions were held with 60 respondents across the various categories of youth had given rich information and understanding on their aspirations and perceptions. Youth Category Employed Self employed Unemployed Trainees Table 22: Youth Category in Jaipur-sample 10 10 20 20 Table 171 Youth Profile of sample in Sirohi Trainees Preferred Trade for Training 10% 16% 32% 5% 37% Profile of Self employed Youths 10% 10% Profile of Unemployed Youth 30% 30% 40% 80% Electronics Welder Fitter Wireman Turner Electronic and pipe fitting Fitter Power tools Electrical Electronics Fitter Figure 246 Profile of respondents (trainees. The instances of supply in these trades were evident and improper placement strategy could be assigned as the reasons for such a situation. The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to understand the perceptions of youth. The unemployed youths also were from the base of electronics. aspirations and perceptions. The youth were covered from the categories of employed.society respond to their hopes.

85% of the respondents did not receive any increment.42 6.61 5.81 6. There were no pronounced needs for further advanced training provided for up-skilling and basic skilling in communicative English.76 6. 411 .61 5.64 6. Computer courses in basic forms were expected by the youths as the major differentiator for better placement and growth.10 Youth’s Perception 8.00 7.5. Expected monthly salaries required a change of atleast Rs.00 3.00 6. Trainees preferred to learn from the peer about other trades to get the basic understanding of them. job security etc. Sirohi The expectations of the family members were mainly on the lines of gaining government sector placement post training.64 6.00 7. The assessment of skill levels in the VTIs and their capabilities in the training were among the highly rated thoughts among the group of youths.00 4.19 Figure 247 Sirohi Youth’s perception.00 2. 4500/month as skilled workforce among 90% of the sampled youth.42 5.sample group. Current Monthly Income (Avg) Expected Monthly Income (Avg) Figure 248 Income current and expected.00 .00 1.76 6.42 5. About 80% of the sample youths feel that there were ample scope for self-employment and better standard of living though much support was not expected from family members.19 Assessmen Utility of Satisfactio Access to Capability Availability Satisfactio t of overall vocational n with VT VT of VT of latest n with skill level training institution Institution Institution' technologi monetary received s in s in own s faculty in es and returns providing district teaching equipment received skills skills for VT Sirohi 7.00 5. need and aspirations –Sample Group 11921 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 6325 Satisfaction with current monetary returns and need for advanced training emerged as the two leading factors identified by the respondents as the key to better skilling initiatives of the district.95 Need for further advanced training 5.81 6.18.95 5.42 6.

food processing. state and NSDC.Sirohi Skill Eco-system 2017 The high priority sector which shall need maximum number of semi-skilled workforce and less of skilled shall be the resource based industries of the district like the marble and stone polishing. repair industries etc.11 Optimization Plan The optimization plan would be structured at three tier level of district. Figure 249 Optimization plan. The semiskilled workforce shall be the backbone of the district by getting engaged in large number of SSIs of the district. The unskilled workforce shall get engaged in more building and construction related works and shall be targeted for site trainings for better financial bargaining.18. projection and analysis would be presented at every district level which would in turn determine the action plan of the state as represented in the below diagram. wooden and furniture industries cement. 412 . IT & computer related services along with logistics shall engage a considerable section of the semi-skilled workforce. industries. The overall scenario of the state would finally give major leads to apex bodies like NSDC for formulation of state specific portfolios to suit the requirements and address the future needs of the state in the skilled workforce.5. the upcoming service sectors in hospitality and tourism. and manufacturing etc. The preliminary gap finding. Apart from these. The demand based industries shall engage more of skilled resources in data processing.

19 District Dausa 413 .5.

- - - - - - - 414 .

KalakhoBandh.17 84. Tonk. Dausa accounts for population of 16. Secondary 11 Higher Education / Others Colleges ITI Polytechnic population in the state ranks Table 172 Dausa District Profile. In roughly semicircular or ‘C’ shape with tempering towards east and west at corners.The major sources of irrigation are wells and tube-wells in the district.no Section Unit Quantity / Value 1 LOCATION Latitude Longitude 2 AREA Total geographical area 3 ADMINISTRATION Tehsil Villages 4 Land Use Pattern Total Area Total Irrigated area 5 Population (census 2011. MadhosagarBandh and Moral Bandh.487). It was observed that though the district fares quiet average on education and health index (15thand 17threspectively) but the income index which pulls the district on overall HDI ranking to the lower side of the state ranks at 26th. 2009) Registered MSME units Employed persons 10 Education Pre Primary & Primary Schools Upper Primary Secondary & Sr. namely.54 52. provisional) Total population Men Women SC (2001) ST (2001) degree degree min min sq km number number Hectare Hectare s s number number number number number percent percent percent number number number numbe numbe r numbe r r numbe numbe r numbe r r 26o54’ N 76o19’ E 3405 05 1109 341406 166981 1637226 859821 777405 279377 353187 69.5. As per provisional census 2011 data.78 sq. It stands 23rdon the Human Development Index (0. SawaiMadhopur. Bharatpur& Alwar. The major dams are SainthalSagar. With 476 the density of S.37 415 . very limited area is irrigated through small rivers & ponds.2011Provisional).a snapshot at 3 (Census. Morel and Ban Ganga are major rivers located in the district. Besides this.19.1 Demographic Profile: Dausa is one of the district of Jaipur Division and surrounded with 6 districts. Karouli. Around 155000 Hectare areas (45% of the district area) are covered by these sources per year.33 1051 1973 8720 1078 867 554 31 01 02 6 Literacy (except 0-6 age group) Total literate Men Women 8 Energy Electrified Villages 9 Industries (DIC. kms. Jaipur.There are 36 dams in the district. It ranks as the 31stlargest district of the state covering just 1% of the area of the state.576) and 15th on the GDI (0. It has total area of 3404.

8%). There were just a total of three registered vocational training institutes in Dausa district (2 polytechnic and 1 ITI). 2008.50% in secondary & tertiary sectors.lakhs (2. A detailed view of the vocational training of Dausa could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs. the male literacy figure stands at 84.39% of the state population) with sex ratio of 904(compared to 2001 census figure of 899)which still is on the lower side of the state ratio of 926. At the intermediate college level. As per the updated report available on Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 04 partners (includes ITC and NGO) implementing skilling initiatives with 12 approved programs (11 are completed). courses are available in the area of science.2% & Rural. Figure 250 Number of Schools.4% of the workforce and rest 26.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization Dausa’s status in literacy was marked higher than the Education Dausa Rajasthan state average with just 69. The worker participation rate in Dausa was 41. The literacy rate of Dausa in 2011 is 69. There was asignificant decrease in the decadal growth of population (9% approximately) showing trends of population stabilization. Dausa has also been Sec/ Sr Sec 19135 554 among the districts with high drop-out rates as per HDI.42.06%.According to Census 2011 provisional Dausa Table 173 Dausa vs.33%. Colleges. arts and commerce. 1078 867 554 31 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 1 2 A total of over 14000 students enroll in various institutes at colleges & ITI.27. 2008) with primary sector engaging close to 73.19. scope of placement and livelihood.According to Census 2011 provisional data. In rural areas the participation rate is higher than the urban by close to 15% (Urban. The retention rate of students in schools of Dausa was quiet low which also contributed to the drop in literacy rates and status of education. Rajasthan education status has a total of 2499 schools which as per state comparisons stands at better positions. preference of the youth for these trades.54% and female literacy was at a low of52. 2009-10). ITI & Polytechnic.17% and female literacy Pre Primary 49546 1078 marking the low of 52.33%.6% retention rate from primary to Upper Primary 38889 867 higher level (DISE. Rajasthan.1% (HDI. A total of just above 300 aspirants got enrolled in 2009-10 in the registered training institutes. 2009-10Dausa 416 .17% which were higher than the state figure of 67. 5. Dausa with 2499 schools &Primary had recorded 56.

fitter and mechanic trades of the private VTIs were unutilized.3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Dausa district The existing scenario of VTIs in Dausa was certainly on the lower side considering the number of youths passing out and the existing vocational training institutes in the district. in COPA there were no trainees as per the records. VTI Trades COPA Electrical Mechanic (Diesel) Pvt. On the other hand.5. In private VTIs and the NGO these courses were more oriented towards service like retail. A details of the courses provided are listed below for further understanding: Govt. gap between the actual and approved strengths of trainees was more across all trades in private VTIs except COPA as it had fewer seats than other courses. The two upcoming trades – Repair and maintenance of refrigerator and ACs and Mobile Repair were identified which may address some of the self-employment of the youths as well. sales and computer basics for office assistants etc. The seats in electrical. the number of actual trainees compared to the number of approved number of trainees was same across the trades of electrical and mechanic whereas.19. Computer based Accountancy. Household wiring and repair of domestic appliances. VTI Trades COPA Electrical Fitter Mechanic (Diesel) Retail & Sales Office Assistant Plus Table 174 Dausa district’s (sample study) courses offered It could be inferred that electrical was the most popular trade in the VTIs as this trade had the maximum batch strength. Preference of this trade can be seen by the fact that Private VTI offered more seats as compared to government VTI. 417 . Desktop Publishing. The major five trades that emerged as the demand in vocational training were Computer Hardware. The courses which were offered by the VTIs were predominantly self-employment based or to cater the local market needs in engineering or computer based supports. Private players have not yet ventured in a big way eventually leaving a vast scope for skilled intervention of the district and catering the needs for skilling youths of the district. In the Govt. Sales & Marketing. VTIs. The government VTIs interviewed in the survey was one and nine from the private were covered under the primary survey.

Some of the popular places of interests in Dausa are MehandipurBalaji temple. emerald. the private VTIs placed their trainees through campus interviews as well as through a proactive approach to the industry. The selection of course design and other influencing factors for finalization of courses by the VTI functionaries were more or less determined by the availability of facilities. VTIs indicates that the trades in government VTIs had 100% placement for the electrical and fitter courses with an average starting salary of Rs. the job prospects in private VTIs was very promising as a significant number of trainees got job from the institutes with above 80% placement in electrical trade. granite. All the VTIs claimed to have updated technologies. Though trades like fitter and mechanic were just at 50% placement average but were the trades for self-employment with an average salary of Rs 6750/month and Rs 6100/month respectively. Jirota. and masonary stone. magnesitie. quartz. It seems that employment exchanges are not playing any role in placements. electricity and water supply. Main existing industries are Automobile repairing workshops. soap stone grinding. 418 . Fairly good reserves of barytes fluorite. Bapi. However. in almost all of the trades. wolastonite and vermiculite have also been found. While placements of trainees from the Govt. There has been steady increase for all the courses offered in terms of students enrolment except for the course in COPA. durries. mustard and groundnuts. marble. The number of small scale units in Dausa region is 471.5 61 Avg salary (in Rs'00s) An overview of placement records by trade in the Govt. dal mills. NilkanthMahadev Temple and the Temples dedicated to Lord Shiva. of industrial areas is 6 and these are Bandikui. MatajiKaMandir. stone carving.4 Industry Mapping Agriculture is the main occupation and the main crops are wheat. tyre retreading. soapstone. The staffing in these institutes were marked understaffed in aspects dealing in academics & managerial positions. Figure 251 Dausa district’s (sample study) coursesoffered placements in private VTIs 5. tourism is also growing as a industry.86.2 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Electrical % Placed Fitter Mechanic (Diesel) 58. general repairing workshops. rapeseed.Main minerals of the area are felspar.8 67. woollen carpets.Dausa. printing press. Motor Mechanic. Lalsot & Mahuwa. and space for conducting the training.19. In contrast to the government VTI. mica. faculties and equipment. milk chilling. Total no. calcite. bajra. Wiremen and Carpenter trade registered no placement last year. 8000/month.25 54. VTIs was through campus interviews. limestone. quick lime. marble slabs. ice plant.5 58. equipped labs. asbestos. Almost all of them did not have hostel facility and commuting facilities for the aspirants.

3717.75 2008 4192 12066 2465. 419 . leather and dairy and will cover an area of 1250sqkm and 350 villages.C.Jaipur-Dausa region is connected by NH-11. Growth Pole will cater to multi-sectoral clusters as stone.I. there were around 5777 MSME units set up in the districtwhich were registered in D. 18000 16000 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 Registered units (Numbers) Employment (Numbers) Investment (Rs.45 2012 5777 16916 3717.25 2009 4642 13441 2863. which is being widened to fourlanes dual carriageway under Phase-3A of NHDP. availability of large parcels of land at comparatively lower prices and air connectivity from Jaipur airport are some of the infrastructural advantages.95 2011 5542 16131 3333. employment post 2007 and but the rate of industries in terms of number of units were not very significant. carpet.75 2010 5092 14786 3066. Node-8: Jaipur-Dausa Industrial Area. The upcoming DMIC (Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor) promises to be the change agent for the district. Government of Rajasthan is considering development of a growth Pole at Sikandra and initiated the study for preparation of detailed project report. broad gauge rail linkage between Jaipur and Agra. These industries have a capital investment of Rs. in Lacs) 2007 4159 11785 2346.C data (March.95 lakhs providing employment to 16916persons.95 Figure 252 MSME trend analysis of the district Dausa There has been a constant increasing trend in the investment of industries.MSME in Dausa According to D.There were none large scale or medium scale industries as per DIC records. 2012).I. would be located within 50km-100km from Phulera.

As agriculture predominates all over the state with about 70% population engaged in agriculture activities in Rajasthan which offers opportunities for contract farming.19.Jaipur Dausa Industrial Area of the DMIC project Development of Feeder linkages connecting the identified industrial area with NHDP. and dairy production. . inter alia. fruits and vegetables.Export-oriented Industrial Units/ SEZ: This industrial area has the potential to cater to leather. includes following proposals: . Thiswould necessarily factor in the concentration of SSI as the major parameter (due to small number of large scale industries) and would also represent any new sector 420 . commercial and leisure/recreation infrastructure which could be dovetailed to requirements of specific investor groups/ countries.Jaipur-Dausa Industrial Area will be served by Jaipur-Bharatpur-Agra Broad-gauge Railway Line and linked to DFC at Phulera. 5.Integrated Township would be provided with residential. Accordingly. An export-oriented industrial park would give a substantive boost to the sector in the region along with truck terminal with warehousing facilities in order to cater to the truck parking/servicing facilities along with warehousing.Development of Feeder Rail links also includes construction of underpasses wherever required so as to avoid level crossings.NH-8) to Four lanes . . communication and other logistic infrastructure would be developed. DFC corridor and Hinterland. processing of oil seeds.Development of requisite grade separators/flyovers/interchanges and underpasses along the National Highways/ State Highways and access roads for uninterrupted freight and passenger movement to the region would also be included in the development of feeder links. Figure 253 Node 8. an agro/food processing zone with necessary backward and forward linkages is envisaged in the industrial area. institutional.5 Sector wise mapping of industries in across Dausa District wise the existing sectors were mapped against the 20 high growth sectors identified by NSDC as presented in the table below.Widening of NH-11A (Dausa. marble and carpet making industries.Connectivity to NH-11 .

investment> 30. Against the mapped sectors sector wise analysis shall be made on the labour growth projections like high/ medium/ low and emerging basis on the demand in that particular sector on the triggers like investment. Electricals & Manufacturing Mines. 2007 There have been many SSI coming up in the district engaging the semi-skilled workforce.68 8171 Units>200. Electricals & Manufacturing High Medium Low Emerging Units 153 90 4 67 111 222 758 Investment (Rs lakhs) 372. Some of the major employment engagement in the district happens in the sectors of handloom products. ware housing & packaging Mines. Education & Repairing Tourism. as daily wagers. employment and numbers. Sectors covered under sample survey Agriculture & Allied Construction Material & Building Hardware Machinery.94 Employment 763 565 96 216 276 1047 2474 42 26.34 458. investment>300.Health. District /Sectors Agriculture & Allied Auto & Auto Components Chemical & chemical products Construction Material & Building Hardware Food Processing Furniture &Furnshing Leather & leather goods Textile & Handloom Building Construction & Real Estates Services.75 91.00 54.42 1375. Travel. households etc. engineering based and chemical based sectors.other than the listed sectors existing in Dausa. Metals & Minerals Textiles & Handlooms Table 176 -Break up of industries in Dausa (Sample study) 421 . A substantially good number of workforce form the backbone of the district and are engaged in various industries.60 49. investment>50.53 110. Metals & Minerals Machinery. Hospitality & Trade Transportation. mineral based.10 158 274 1181. emp>250 Units> 10.emp>1000 Units>100. Logistics. emp>30 Investment & demand based sectors of districtDIC Table 175 Sector wise mapping of industries in Dausa as per DIC report.25 1820 252 378.

the increase in the share of agriculture and allied activities has been quiet significant for the same period keeping the context of the district in mind. were better. semi-skilled and unskilled workers according to their numbers in the sampled industries (segregated under specific sectors) at the time of the establishment of the industry. this region is varied: in many locales.In order to understand the trend in the existing market and industrial set up stratified sample of 10 industries was selected (depending on the availability of respondents’ of the employer group set up). 422 . their present strength and their required strength as projected by the industries was evaluated (shall be discussed in sections ahead). Majority of the workforce has been engaged in subsistence agriculture and remains idle for the bulk period of the year.In termsof social structure. middle/peasant castes control land and hence define theagrarian structure.2 5 4 3 4 4. Dausalies in less arid region and farmers have benefitted from ground and some surface waters to reap the benefits of the green revolution.5 4 4 4 4 4. A total of 10 industries were sampled for the survey to represent 5 major sectors that are prominent in the district.6 Workforce Demand and Supply The major workforce participation observed in Dausadistrict over a period of two decades has been majorly as cultivators/ agricultural laborers and has had a significant increase by 20% over a period. 5.5 4 Agriculture & Allied Machinery.50% from 1991-2001.4 4 4. The sample of employers consisted of functionaries from diverse industries located in the Dausa district of Rajasthan.2 4 4. Therefore.5 4 4 4. sex ratios.4 4 4 4 5 4. This has permitted a larger number of women to join the labour force.50% to 26. Quiet contrary to other districts there has been declining trend of workforce share in secondary and tertiary sectors from 46. Metals & Minerals Figure 254 Employers demands in terms of expectations from workers-Dausa rated on scale of 5 across employers. The textiles and handloom and construction sectors demanded for the maximum results in terms of the qualities 25 20 15 10 5 0 Skills Loyalty Learning & Development Aspirations Career Growth Productivity & Efficiency 4. These industries were selected from large. medium and small covering various growth sectors of the district as shown in the table.5 4.19. Electricals & Manufacturing Textiles & Handloom Construction Material & Building Hardware Mines. In terms of industries’ requirements and the market trends the primary survey provides the major demand in terms of expectations from the employers were productivity and efficiency followed by skills. therefore. Availability of skilled.

The demand for skilled workforce comparatively is on the lower side. Metals & Minerals Machinery. Only 10% were found to be salaried and 8% assisted their parental artisan related works. maximum number come under the category of marginal farming or sitting idle/unemployed (49%) followed by casual labour in industry (33%) or local areas. Potential to absorb unskilled worker across all the industries was found decreasing. electrician. Metals & Minerals sector industry saw steep rise in workers strength over the years. As reported by industries there was no or little involvement of unskilled workforce in all the industries except Mines.7 Projected Workforce Demand Current Workforce Unskilled required current initial required current initial required Skilled current initial 0 50 15 61 62 100 150 Unskilled 25 87 87 12 125 Textiles & Handloom 119 Mines. textiles followed by mines and minerals (stone cutting and polishing) included engaged maximum number of unskilled and semi-skilled workforce. In case of youths. mason and automobiles. Only Machinery. The majority is engaged as casual labour in industry and agriculture or is surviving on marginal farming. Metals & Minerals sector but the demand is decreasing day by day. 423 . it could be inferred towards the trend of slightly decreasing workforce (at present since establishment of industries across all the industries). As reported by industries for semiskilled workforce. Mines. It was observed that there is hardly any demand of semiskilled workers in near future across all type of industries. semi-skilled and unskilled segments has marginal increase and the future requirement also is high for the semi-skilled workforce followed by unskilled workforce. Electricals & Manufacturing sector industries had not decreased the manpower since they came into existence. Apparently the number of workers category across skilled. A large number of youth is unemployed as well. Electricals & Manufacturing Construction Material & Building Hardware Agriculture & Allied 0 0 2 8 0 0 3 0 6 7 20 40 60 Skilled 80 13 35 30 44 46 79 Semiskilled Semi-skilled Figure 255 Status of workforce in terms of initial. Similar trend could be also seen in the utilization of skilled workforce for both the sectors. The sustainability of workforce to gain meaningful livelihood was highly questionable under these circumstances. During the study and from secondary data it was observed that the large proportion of the workforce was engaged as agricultural laborers and then followed by services and repair works like mechanic.19.5. In current scenario. Demand for skilled worker in future was also not very high across all industries. current and required strength & sectors across sample industries of Dausa As per the primary data on skilled workforce.

Dausa Basis on the inputs received from sector wise expansion plans the workforce projections were made across different categories. The methodology defined in the projections (refer section of methodology) shall be used to make the projections based on the primary inputs to support the secondary findings.Allied & Food processing Electronics Hardware Handloom & Handicrafts (includes wooden & paper) Textile & Garments Building. Hospitality & Travel Building & Construction Skilled Semi-Skilled Unskilled 424 .BPO Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Tourism.Sectors Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total demand Unskilled Semiskilled Skilled Total Demand 2010-11 258240 21052 1403 280695 35403 16340 2723 54466 11760 27439 39198 78397 305402 64831 43325 413558 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Agricultural Sector 266656 268427 272490 21738 1449 289843 36970 17063 2844 56876 12436 29018 41455 82910 316062 67820 45748 429629 21883 1459 22214 1481 2014-15 275865 22489 1499 299853 37890 17488 2915 58292 13615 31769 45385 90769 327370 71746 49799 448915 2015-16 280199 22842 1523 304564 38424 17734 2956 59114 14098 32895 46993 93987 332721 73472 51472 457666 2016-17 282877 23061 1537 307475 38748 17884 2981 59612 14429 33668 48097 96194 336054 74612 52615 463281 % of mampowe r 291768 296184 Industry Sector 36513 37659 16852 17381 2809 2897 56174 57937 Services Sector 12858 13335 30001 31115 42858 44450 85717 88901 All Sectors 317798 323484 68736 70710 47126 48828 433660 443023 66% 13% 21% 100% Table 177 Projected labor percentage of workforce demand requirement till 2017 across sectors. The required format of workforce across various sectors would be as shown in the below table: Sectors Automobiles & Auto Components Agri. Hardware & Home Furnishings Leather & Leather Goods IT or software ITES.

As per the in-depth interviews conducted with senior functionaries of industry associations. Keeping in mind the growth rate of the district and the workforce participation from unskilled masses. Some of the important findings were as follows:Situation is not conducive enough to support industrial growth in Dausa.Transportation/logistics/warehousing & packaging Education/ Skill Development Banking.65 lakh. Workforce Demand & Supply Gap Sectors Unskilled 29955 Semi-skilled 2341 Skilled Table 179 Representation of projected Skilled/ Semi-skilled & Unskilled workforce gap 2011-2017 2010-11 41248 2011-12 30617 31977 2498 2012-13 29453 35839 2529 2013-14 24986 38348 2594 2014-15 21964 41870 2599 2015-16 17103 44971 2666 2016-17 14771 48386 2678 The incremental demand for skilled and semi-skilled workforces gives a gap of over 0. Minerals & Metals (includes stone quarrying) High Requirement Medium Requirement Low Requirement Emerging Requirement Table 178 Workforce across various sectors by 2017. Insurance & Finance Healthcare Machinery.Dausa 5. Electricals & Manufacturing Mining. Also there existed the shortage of skilled manpower due to schemes like MNREGA 425 . the significance would be to target training to at least 50.19. employment exchange and with other sources for workforce absorption and retention and would bring out the analysis on significant mismatch between industry skill requirements and the skill pool emerging. The analysis factored in industry linkages with vocational training institutes.000 youths by 2017. and there has been consistent increase in agriculture and allied investments in past decade. the need and dependence for skilled manpower by the local small scale industries was not well pronounced. structured questionnaire designed to map the current and the future skill requirements of the industries identified in the district on the basis of manpower absorption and production in high growth industries in the district.8 Skill Gap Analysis The skill gap analysis was performed by undertaking a primary research on the employers through the survey instrument. district officials and observations.

unemployed and trainees (as shown in the Employed Self employed Unemployed Trainees 10 10 20 20 table).19. attitudes and expectations of the youth was undertaken in Dausa district to understand what the youth think. The youth were covered from the categories of employed. why they think the way they do and how does society respond to their hopes.The VTIs are fulfilling the needs of the industries but some latest training equipment is needed to provide perfect knowledge of trades and NCVT should revise their trades that can compete the day to day requirement of the industries (a similar agreement was also found with the ITI representative) Textile and stone industries are predominant in the district. Preferred Trade for Training 8% Profile of self employed youths 10% 20% 10% 10% 10% 10% 30% Profile for unemployed youths 5% 30% 55% 92% 10% Electrician Fitter Tv mechanic Wireman Electronics Turner Welder Electrical Mech (diesel) Fitter Turner Electrical Mechanic (Diesel) Figure 256 Profile of respondents (trainee. aspirations and perceptions. The in-depth interactions were held with 60 respondents across the various categories of youth had given rich information and understanding on their aspirations and Youth Category perceptions. it was found that 80% youth were trained through government VTI and only 20% of youth were trained though private VTIs. With average age of 26 years of the respondent group. self-employed & unemployed youth) by trade in sample of Dausa 426 . self-employed. aspirations. The objectives of the youth survey were mainly to understand the perceptions of youth. All the respondents were covered from registered VTIs for relevance in skilling initiatives of the state government. Interview schedules (60 youths) and FGD with youths in college were used to draw inferences of their thought process. Scope of informal sector employment is high and the government positions for class C & D employees remains a requirement 5.9 Youth Aspirations The study of the perceptions. DMIC region of Dausa would be the factor for the upcoming of service sectors in the district. their aspirations mapped against their attitudes to take up sustainable livelihoods work. Table 180 Youth Profile of sample in Dausa 38% of the youth covered were college educated and 62% had completed/ drop out from high school education. All the respondents who were trained through vocational courses and interviewed. Scope of self-employment and entrepreneurship in the district remains on a high.

5. the respondents belonged to the electronics followed by welder.15 Need for further advanced training 3. or no proper training as per industrial requirement was provided. Monthly Income (Avg) Figure 258 Income current and expected.19.00 . Also it highlighted the lack of new courses to engage youths in trades coming up in the district.25 7.68 7.58 Utility of Satisfaction Access to Capability Availability Satisfaction vocational with VT VT of VT of latest with training institutions Institutions Institution' technologi monetary received in in own s faculty in es and returns providing district teaching equipment received skills skills for VT 7. . This suggested that the saturation of these courses. need and aspirations –Sample Group 9833 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 Current Monthly Income (Avg) Expected Monthly Income (Avg) 6305 The satisfaction with VTIs and the capabilities of VTIs’ faculties.00 Assessmen t of overall skill level Dausa 7.77 6. fitter.00 4.00 1. 6305 which was quiet good as per industry 427 .10 Youth’s Perception 8.90 Figure 257 Dausa Youth’s perception.00 3. Electrician group was also evidently the maximum in the unemployed group followed by mechanic. In the self-employed category.23 6.sample group.00 2.00 6. A large distribution of trades could be seen in the selfemployed category as mechanic.00 7. Though the satisfaction level seemed to be average with the returns from initial jobs post training than expected but the average monthly income was Rs.00 5.Inclination towards electrical course was found high as around 92% of the youth reported that they had preferred electrical trade during his/her training at VTI. turner and wireman along with the trades mentioned earlier. overall the VTIs were the most highly rated by the youths and the least importance was for the advanced training. It could be because of the fact that the youths were still not totally involved in the basic training course and awareness for these advanced training was lacking.90 7.

5. b) Training Partners: The sectors for engaging more skilled workforce would be in food processing.) and the sector wise institutions/industries. ITC.5 lakh of skilled. It should encourage the private training partners to participate and operate in the district due to its large base of workers involved in secondary and tertiary sectors. which remains very high as per the existing market. colleges etc. The preliminary gap finding. textiles and services in the district. projection and analysis highlights the requirement of 0. Training institutions and the basic infrastructure for skilling suggests for more number of institutes (from various training capabilities) at Dausa district level which would in turn determine the linkages with the industries and institutions from various sectors as shown in the diagram below.6% of the surveyed youths therefore remained dissatisfied with the monthly salary. semi-skilled and unskilled demand. semi-skilled and unskilled).standards. ITI.19. 3500/ per month on an average across trades. The expected hike was another Rs. Course curriculum designed to cater for the institutions 428 . About 52. Polytechnic.11 Optimization Plan The optimization plan would be structured at three tier level of district comprising of target segment (skilled. Figure 259 Optimization plan. institutions of training (VTI.Skill Development Eco System-Dausa The key stakeholders’ contribution in enabling to achieve the target (as shown in the figure) would be as follows: a) State: The state to target the skilled and semi-skilled segment for skilled training by creating additional 25 skill development centres (VTIs) in the district level of operations.

c) Industries: The primary sectors of high human resource requirement would be food processing. life skills and basics in computer would be the key areas of skill development training.based in food processing. 429 . Along with these. insurance (sales). education and training and engineering based institutions in metals and mining should be the focus. leather. chemical and services and therefore would require increasing linkages with the related institutions for skilled workforce absorption NSDC would be an enabler to lead the training partners in retail. specific course curriculum designed for communicative English. textiles and food processing by encouraging specifically designed proposals with increasing the linkages in industry associations and PPP models. textiles. textiles.

5.20 District Sikar 430 .

- - - - - - - 431 .

It is bounded on the north by Jhunjhunu district. Sikar accounts for population of 26. Sikar is a historical city containing situated in the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan and is popular for many old havelis.As per provisional census 2011 data. provisional) Total population Men Women SC (2001) ST (2001) Literacy (except 0-6 age group) Total literate Men Women Energy Electrified Villages Industries (DIC. Sikar District. 2011Provisional).9% of the state population) with a drop in sex ratio of 944 (compared to 2001 census figure of 951)which 432 .698) and 19th on the GDI (0. in the north-west by Churu district. It also touches Mahendragarh district of Haryana on its north-east corner.20.66 58. It stands 08th on the Human Development Index (0.no Section Unit Quantity/ Value 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 11 LOCATION Latitude Longitude AREA Total geographical area ADMINISTRATION Tehsil Villages Land Use Pattern Total Area Total Irrigated area Population (census 2011.76 986 7901 29874 1490 1887 1273 85 03 01 o district which brings it to the Table 181 Sikar District Profile.77 lakhs (3. attracting a large number of tourists. It was observed that though the district fares quiet high on HDI ranking but the ranking in the GDI states the gender differences in the S.26 % of the area of the state.a snapshot lower side of the state ranking in GDI. is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. in the south-west by Nagaur district and in the south-east by Jaipur district.1 Demographic Profile: The district is located in the north-eastern part of the state of Rajasthan. Secondary Higher Education / Others Colleges ITI Polytechnic degree min degree min sq km number number Hectares Hectares number number number number number percent percent percent number number number number number number number number number 28 12’ N o 75 25’ E 7732 15 986 774244 233299 2677737 1377120 1300617 339824 62512 72. It ranks as the 17th largest district of the state covering 2. with Sikar town as its headquarters. 2009) Registered MSME units Employed persons Education Pre Primary & Primary Schools Upper Primary Secondary & Sr. With 346 the density of population in the state ranks at 10 (Census.98 86.478).5.

private educational institutes have played a vital good role in imparting education level in the Table 182 Sikar vs.15%). 2008) with primary sector engaging close to 66. courses are available in the area of science. At the intermediate college level.00% in secondary & tertiary sectors.00% of the workforce (marginal 0. other reputed colleges includes Sobhasaria Engineering College. Colleges.81% (HDI.76%.98% which is higher than the state figure of 67.66% and female literacy was at a low of58. 2009-10. There was a marginal decrease in the decadal growth of population of about 7% from previous decade showing trends of population stabilization.Sikar 433 . In rural areas the participation rate is higher due to agrarian based economy than the urban by close to 17% (Urban.20. As per the updated report available on Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods (RSLDC) a total of 08 partners (includes 01 ITI.25. the male literacy figure stands at a high 86. Sikar district therefore was rated as one of the highest literate districts of the state. The retention rate of students in schools of Sikar is quiet high as well as the continuously rising enrolment rates have contributed to the drop in illiteracy rates and status of education.According to Census 2011 provisional data. There were just a total of four registered vocational training institutes in Sikar district. 01 NGO.99% & Rural. Rajasthan.2 Education Infrastructure and Utilization Sikar’s status in literacy was marked higher than the state Education Sikar Rajasthan average but also marked as the higher side for the state Pre Primary 1490 49546 with in both male and female literacy. A total of just above 650 aspirants got enrolled in 2009-10 in the registered training institutes.42. arts and commerce. which is situated in the Lakshmangarh town of the district playing a very good role to impart girl education in India. Rajasthan education status district.06. 5. ITI & Polytechnic. Along with Upper Primary 1887 38889 numerous government colleges providing arts. Sikar district has &Primary become a hub for education in Rajasthan state. There is one Government Polytechnic College also in Sikar district. The literacy rate of Sikar in 2011 is 72. sciences. Sikar has a total of 4819 schools from pre-primary to senior secondary levels with private schools providing good services as well. Mody Institute of Technology and Science. 01 Figure 260 Number of Schools. The worker participation rate in Sikar was low with 38.04% increase from 91 census) and rest 34. Sikar ranks 3rd in the education index and have high girl child enrolment and retention rate in comparison to the nearby districts. and Sec/ Sr Sec 1273 19135 commerce education. 2000 1800 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 1887 1490 1273 85 3 1 A total of over 2900 students enroll in various institutes at colleges &ITI.still is on the higher side of the state ratio of 926.

VTI Trades COPA Electrical Fitter Mechanic (Diesel) Wireman Plumber AC Mechanic 434 . A detailed view of the vocational training of Sikar could be seen in the next section of the report which highlights on the various trades across the VTIs. banks/insurance or leather products firms which are growing by the day. Although the companies prefer persons either having higher qualifications or are from the related educational background there is still ample scope for the youths who will be trained in this field g) Repair Services: The numbers of electronic and electrical based equipment along with basic motor repairing in workshops are on a rise in Sikar.20.KVK and 05 ITCs) implementing skilling initiatives with 14 approved programs (all completed). VTI Trades Electrical Fitter Mechanic (Diesel) Motor Mechanic Welder Wireman Turner Table 183 Trades offered in government and private VTIs (sample study) Sikar Pvt. In VTIs the courses were more male oriented and none of the courses offered was designed demands to engage women. preference of the youth for these trades. f) Sales Persons: Sales and Marketing has emerged as one of the trades where the demand from industry whether it is food processing. The courses which were offered by the government VTIs were predominantly self-employment based or to cater the local market needs. 5. The owners of these are in need of economical.3 VTI’s demand across various trades in Sikar district The existing scenario of VTIs in Sikar was certainly on the lower side considering the number of youths passing out from formal educational set ups and the existing vocational training institutes in the district. Also. The details of the courses offered in the VTIs of Sikar are represented as follows: Govt. the wiring and fitting of household electric equipment is on the rise. scope of placement and livelihood. Private players have not yet ventured in a big way eventually leaving a vast scope for skilled intervention of the district and catering the needs for skilling youths of the district in fields as follows: e) Computer Based Accountancy and computer operators: With number of small scale industries coming up in the region the educated youth having the basic education levels could be engaged in computer courses for accountancy (VAT & TALLY) and data entry operators for industries and governme