FUTURE TENSE

A future tense is a verb form that makes event described by the verb as not having happened yet, but expected to happen in future. The “future” expressed by the future tense usually means the future relative to the moment of speaking, although in contexts where relative tense is used it may mean the future relative to some other point in time under consideration. Future tense can be denoted by the glossing abbreviation.

FUTURE TENSE

He will finish his work tomorrow

He is going to finish his work tomorrow

Will or be going to is used to express future time ( The use shall with I or We to express future time is possible but uncommon in American English. Shall is used much more frequently in British than in American English. WILL VERSUS BE GOING TO There are several different ways in English that you can talk about the future. This page is an introduction to the most important ones: - Predictions/statements of fact - Intentions/prior plan - Scheduled events/willingness

I will help you. Either will or be going to is going to be cloudy tomorrow c. b. but will she be back in school tomorrow? To express a PRIOR PLAN – only BE GOING TO is used : a. onlye be going to is used * In (e) : speaker B has made a prior plan.To express a PREDICTION – either WILL or BE GOING TO is used : a. He is tired of In (f): the speaker knows Bob’s intention to buy a . According to the weather report. A: Why did you buy this paint? When the speaker is expressing a prior plan B: I’m going to paint my bedroom (something the speaker intends to do in the future tomorrow.30 tomorrow. Watch out! You‟re going to hurt (b) yourself! There is no difference in meaning between (c) and (d) Example :          The sun will rise at 6. I know my parents won't let me go to the party. In the year 2050 all students will have their own computers in school. Do you think she will come soon? You won't pass your exams if you don't start working harder. She decided to paint her bedroom lastweek. I talked to Bob yesterday. Lunch break today will be 10 minutes longer than usual. it will When the speaker is making prediction (a statement be cloudy tomorrow about something s/he thinks will be true or will b. it is occur in the future). Be careful! You‟ll hurt your self possible There is no difference in meaning between (a) and d. because in the past s/he has made a plan or decision to do it). If you help me. Will it snow for Christmas? I know she's sick. She intends to paint her bedroom tomorrow. According to the weather report.

To express WILLINGNESS – only WILL is used : a. only be going to is possible. We’re going to study together. A: The phone‟s ringing B: I‟ll get it In (g) : Speaker B is saying : “I am willing. He‟s going to car. Will buy a car. Bob made the decision in the past future. Are you going to play basketball after school? What are you going to have for lunch today? Note: going to is often used in the past tense to talk about an unfulfilled intention. The speaker has a prior plan. / My grandmother was going to visit us. In situation 2 . Yes. That‟s what he told me. In the new year I'm going to stop eating so much junk. I'm not going to watch TV until my science project is finished. but I had no time. I am happy to get the phone. I'm going to work in a bank when I leave school. He's got too much work. but she fell and broke her arm. either will or be going to is possible. is not appropriate in (e) and (f) Example :        We're going to buy a new car next month. He's not going to go to the dance.taking the bus to work. Speaker B has not planned his evening. Are you busy this evening? b. I really haven’t made any plans. In situation 1. *COMPARE : Situation 1 : a. / He was going to call you. so he may use either will or be going to. Are you busy this evening? b. Examples: I was going to study for my grammar test. Well. I’ll eat/I’m going to eat dinner. He is “predicting” his evening (rather than starting any prior plans). but he couldn't find his mobile phone. Situation 2 : a. so he uses be going to. of course. And the I’ll probably watch/ I’m probably going to watch TV for a little while. I’m going to meet Jack at the Library at seven. “ he is not making a .

but the c. Bob will come soon. leaves. as soon as. we’ll se him here until they come Or We’ll see him when he comes (f) I will go to bed after I finish my work Occasionally. I leave Frankfurt at 5 o'clock in the morning and arrive in New York at midnight the next day. simple present tense is used. Linda is going to leave soon. I will get home at 5. d. Be going to is not you. He is. the present perfect is used in a time (g) I will go to bed after I have finished my clause. The taxi will arrive soon. we will se him When + subject + verb= a time clauses b.30. The time clause can come either at beginning port. Example :      Hurry up! The train departs in 10 minutes. same meaning.prediction. After I get home. There's no need to hurry. When Bob comes . Before she Will or be going to is not used in a time clause. she is going to finish her work The meaning of the clause is future. of the sentence or in the second part of sentence : e. as in (g) : examples (f) and (g) have the work. The train doesn't leave for another 30 minutes. They are going to come soon. we‟ll be able to leaver for the air verb. In (a): “when Bob comes “is a time clauses”. before. I‟ll wait When he comes. instead. The present perfect stresses the . volunteering to answer the phone and uses will to show his willingness b. When does the meeting begin? appropriate in (g) and (h) Expressing the future in time clauses a. She „ll help willingness to help. She has an appointment with the headmaster after school today. A: I don‟t understand this problem In (h) : Speaker B feels sure about the teacher‟s B: Ask your teacher about it. until and includes a subject and a arrives. He has made no prior plan to answer the phone. I will eat dinner A time claused begins such words as when . As soon as it after.

My wife has an appointment with a express future time when the idea of doctor. Using the present progressive and the simple present to express future time Present progressive The present progressive may be used to a. He will finish all of his work before he leaves. A:what are you going to do this time because rain is not a planned event. FUTURE PROGRESSIVE . words. begin. start. North next sentence concerns a planned event or Tuesday definite intention. end. arrive. leave . progressive tense is indicated either by Would you come along? future time words in the sentence or by context. Example : Peter is going to leave in half an hour. Sam has already made his plans. She‟s seeing Dr. ) afternoon? A future meaning for the present B: after lunch I am meeting a friend progressive is indicate either by present of mine. Simple present d. Only a few verbs are used in this way. Example: open. John‟s plan arrives at 6. He (COMPARE: A verb such as rain is not used us leaving at noon tomorrow. to present progressive to indicate future c. finish. b. We are going shopping. Classes begins next week f. The museum opens at ten tomorrow The simple present can also be used to express morning e. come.completion of the act in the time clause before the order act occurs in the future. *A “time clause” is an adverb clause.50 pm next The sentence usually contain future time Monday. close. return. future time in sentences that concerns events that are on a definite schedule or time table.

At midnight I will be sleeping. I will see you in July. As in d and e. notice that the act by either of these two tense may begin in the past. I will graduate in June. When professor Jones retires next month . She will be coming soon d. (notice in the examples : by the time introduces a time clause: the simple present is used in a time clause) FUTURE PERFECT PROGRESSIVE a. b. Don‟t call me at nine because I won‟t be home. also. I will be studying when you come b. he will have been teaching for 45 years Sometimes the future perfect and the future perfect progressivity expressed the same meaning. especially when the future event will occur at an indefinite time in the future as in (d) and (e) FUTURE PERFECT a.a. I will go to bed at ten PM. I will have graduated. By the next time I see you. I will have finished my homework by the time I go out on a date tonight the future perfect expresses activity that will be completed before another time or event in the future. . The future perfect progressive emphasizes the duration of an activity that will be in progress before another time or event in the future. I will have been sleeping for two hours by the time he gets home b. I will begin to study at seven You will come at eight. he will have taught for 45 years c. He will get home at midnight. Don‟t get impatient. She will come soon The future progressive expresses an activity that will be in progress at time in the future The progressive of be going to : Be going to + be + -ing Sometimes. I am going to be studying at the library c. there is little or no dofference between the future progressive and the simple future. Don‟t get impatient. When professor Jones retires next month .

October 5th 2013) http://crack-ibpsexams. English Grammar “understanding and using” .com/verbpage/simplefuture.1989 Englewood Cliffs.fis.english-test. Second Edition. October 5th 2013) http://www. October 5th 2013) .htm(taken on Saturday.net/lessons/20/index.html(taken on Saturday. New Jersey http://ukhwanfachnizar.com/2012/12/english-grammar-future-tense-and-types.englishpage.wordpress.blogspot.html(taken on Saturday.com/2013/03/31/jenis-jenis-16-tense/ (taken on Saturday. October 5th 2013) http://esl.html (taken on Saturday.SOURCE: Schrampher Azar Betty. October 5th 2013) http://www.edu/grammar/rules/future.