Food security bill (Too Late Too Little

)

Team ID- SCROLLS 1438

Team Name- DYNAMO Name of Author Vikrant Saini Aditi Sharma AviralAgarwal Mobile No.
9711197686

Email ID
vikrantsaini09@gmail.com

College DTU AKGEC AKGEC

9953941693 9718783467

mail.aditi.sharma@gmail.com aviral.work@gmail.com

To provide long term sustainable food and nutritional security to the poor, the government have bring the National Food Security Bill (NFSB), a flagship program. Gives right to subsidized food grain to 67%(800 million people) of India. Upto 75% of the rural population and upto 50% of the urban population will have uniform entitlement of 5 kg foodgrains per month at highly subsidized prices of Rs. 3, Rs. 2, Rs. 1 per kg. for rice, wheat, coarse grains respectively under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS).Pregnant women and lactating mothers would receive a maternity benefit of at least 6,000 rupees.

3 trillion rupee ($22 billion) welfare programme . In order to grow food grains.but no rules devised yet for this.The key challenges(Operational)in implementing the proposed bill:    How are you going to target the beneficiaries? What are indicators of the poor? The bill says that states will provide the list of the poor but they have no such records. The country will have to buy 62 million tons of this food every year(it will keep on increasing). The food subsidy will grow continuously with ever rising MSP .1% of Gross Domestic Product to around 1. Higher level of buffer stock. The key challenges(Economic)in implementing the proposed bill:      The cost of it will go up from 1. Assistance towards the cost of intra-state transportation handling of grains by central government. Farmers have to sell their food grains for procurement prices rather than market prices. carry the risk of high wastage of food grains.35% of GDP.will push up central subsidies on fertilizer and state subsidies on power. already inadequate to handle the current requirement of storage and preservation of quality. This bill should have come much earlier. and high maintenance. would it be possible to procure such huge quantity of food grains? How highly subsidized rice and wheat will distort the market and affect the farmers who are unable to market their produce to the government at minimum support prices. farmers use fertilizers and electricity. It will be loss to farmers. . Huge subsidy burden at the cost of investment for generating employment through infrastructure and developmental programs.     CONCLUSION: Food Security Bill remains noble in its motive amidst the accusations on the government of having political agenda behind it . 1. Sustainability: Given the current trend in the productivity levels with growing pressure on water and land and with rising climate change threat such as erratic monsoon. The government intends to use the Public Distribution System which is already used to deliver food subsidies to the poor but around 51% of the food is lost to leakages.Congress had put this bill in their manifesto of 2009 General Elections and had shown its concerns just before 2014 General Elections. Additional pressure on the existing infrastructure. Both of these items are already heavily subsidized for farmers.