INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF ASIA AND THE PACIFIC Kalinga Province, Tabuk City Sec. Reg. No. CN201016194 Tel.

# (074)673-006 ANATOMY Comprehensive Examination Medical Technology MULTIPLE CHOICE: Encircle the best answer: 1.It is the portion of the CNS that extends through the vertebral canal of the vertebral column to the level of the first lumbar vertebra a. medulla c. cerebrum b. cerebellum d. spinal cord 2. It is the vascular area between the sheath and the vertebral canal a. arachnoid space c. sub arachnoid space b. dural space d. epidural space 3. clear lymph-like fluid formed by active transport of substances from blood plasma in the choroid plexuses a. blood b. urine b. plasma c. CSF fluid 4. endocrine organ that secretes melatonin a. pancreas c. testis b. ovary d. pineal gland 5. area of decussation a. medulla c. cerebrum b. cerebellum d. spinal cord 6. the spinal cord is continuous with the brain through the a. medulla c. foramen magnum c. cerebrum d. cerebellum 7. there are how many connective tissue membranous coverings of the brain a. one c. five b. four d. three 8. it is the outermost tissue covering of the entire central nervous system a. dura mater c. pia mater b. arachnoid d. sub arachnoid 9. it is the innermost tissue covering of the entire central nervous system a. dura mater c. pia mater b. arachnoid d. sub arachnoid 10. it is the middle tissue covering of the entire central nervous system a. dura mater c. pia mater b. arachnoid d. sub- arachnoid

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11. structural arrangement of the capillaries that selectively determines which substances can move from the blood plasma to the extracellular fluid of the brain a. chorionic villi c. blood brain barrier b. lateral ventricles d. third ventricle 12. where the Cerebro-spinal fluid circulates a. ventricles of the brain c. central canal of the spinal cord b. subarachnoid space around the CNS d. all of the above 13. also called lumbar puncture a. lumbar tap c. spinal tap b. a and c d. none of the above 14. gyrus that is the principal motor area of the cerebrum a. pre central gyrus c. post central gyrus b. a and c d. none of the above 15. produces cerebrospinal fluid a. choroid villi c. choroid plexus b. a and c d. none of the above 16. anatomic division of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord a. central nervous system c. peripheral nervous system c. a and c d. none of the above 17. anatomic division of the nervous system which includes the cranial and spinal nerves a. central nervous system c. peripheral nervous system c. a and c d. none of the above 18. functional division of the nervous system which autonomically maintains homeostasis a. central nervous system c. autonomic nervous system b. a and c d. none of the above 19. refers to the autonomic innervations of the skeletal muscles a. central nervous system c. somatic nervous system c. visceral nervous system d. all of the above 20. refers to the autonomic innervations of the organs within the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities a. somatic nervous system c. visceral nervous system c. a and b d. none of the above 21. cranial nerve for smell a. optic nerve c. olfactory nerve b. facial nerve d.vagus 22. cranial nerve for sight a. optic nerve c. olfactory nerve b. facial nerve d. vagus 23. cranial nerve for taste a. optic nerve b. facial nerve
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c. olfactory nerve d. vagus

24. convoluted surface layer a. sulcus c. cerebral cortex b. a and c d. none of the above 25. there are how many layers of the cerebrum a. three c. four b. one d. two 26. connects the cerebral hemisphere a. sulcus b. gyrus b. cerebrum d. corpus callosum 27. motor speech area a. thalamus c. pineal gland b. broca ‘s area d. all of the above 28. ringed network of blood vessels surrounding the pituitary gland a. cerebral arterial circle c. circle of willis b. a and c d. none of the above 29. gray matter that connects the cerebral hemispheres and the cerebellum a. blue nucleus c. green nucleus b. red nucleus d. all of the above 30. there are how many pairs of spinal nerves a. 51 c. 41 b. 31 d. 21 31. there are how many cervical nerves a. 18 c. 28 b. 8 d. none of the abov 32. there are how many thoracic nerves a. 6 c. 7 c. 8 d. none of the above 33. there are how any lumbar nerves a. 2 c. 6 b. 4 d. 5 34. there are how many sacral nerves a. 2 c. 3 b. 5 d. 6 35. the spinal nerves exit the spinal cord and vertebral canal through the a. foramen magnum c. intervertebral foramina b. a and c d. none of the above 36. there are how many components in a typical reflex arc a. one c. two b. three d. five 37. a reflex arc always involve the central nervous system a. true b. false

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38. division of the autonomic nervous system which originates from the thoraco lumber nerves a. sympathetic division c. parasympathetic division b. a and c d. none of the above 39. division of the autonomic nervous system which originates from the cranio sacral nerves a. sympathetic division c. parasympathetic division b. a and c d. none of the above 40. also called the sympathetic chain ganglia a. collateral ganglia c. paravertebral ganglia b. a and c d. none of the above 41. also called the collateral ganglia a. prevertebral ganglia c. paravertebral ganglia b. a and c d. none of the above 42. all sympathetic ganglia are called terminal ganglia a. true c. false 43. types of cholinergic receptors a. muscarinic receptors c. nicotinic receptors b. a and c d. none of the above 44. also called cholinergic receptors a. acetylcholine receptors c. norepinephrine receptors b. a and c d. none of the above 45. also called adrenergic fibers a. sympathetic fibers c. parasympathetic fibers b. a and c d. none of the above 46. also called cholinergic fibers a. sympathetic fibers c. parasympathetic fibers b. a and c d. none of the above 47. most body organs are innervated by the a. sympathetic division c. parasympathetic division b. a and c d. none of the above 48. cranial nerves innervate only structures of the head and neck a. true b. false 49. only the beta receptors are found in the heart a. true b. false 50. specialized extension of the nervous system that contains sensory neurons a. receptors c. sensory organs b. a and c d. none of the above

4

51. they shade the eyes from the sun a. eyelids c. eyebrows b. a and c d. none of the above 52. protect the eyes from dessication a. eyelids c. eyebrows b. a and c d. none of the above 53. secretes lacrimal fluid a. lacrimal canal c. lacrimal gland b. a and c d. none of the above 54. also called tears a. lacrimal canal c . lacrimal fluid b. cerebro spinal fluid d. none of the above 55. they secrete specific chemicals a. receptors c. endocrine glands b. a and c d. none of the above 56. a chemical messenger secreted by an endocrine gland a. receptor c. hormone b. a and c d. none of the above 57. study of the endocrine glands a. anatomy c. physiology b. endocrinology d. all of the above 58. maintained by continuous adjustments of endocrine function a. hemoptysis c. hemolysis b. homeostasis d. none of the above 59. directly serves two or more body systems a. pineal gland c. mixed gland c. a and c d. none of the above 60. secrete steroid hormones a. testes c. ovaries c. adrenal glands d. all of the above 61. small pea-shaped gland located in the inferior side of the brain a. pineal gland c. pituitary gland c. a and c d. none of the above 62. secretes HCG a. ovaries c. testis b. placenta d. none of the above 63. 2 hormones are never present in the blood at the same time a. true b. false 64. adrenal medulla secretes adrenaline and noradrenaline a. true b. false

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65. elevates blood pressure a. epinephrine c. nor epinephrine b. a and c d. none of the above 66. increases respiratory rate a. epinephrine c. norepinephrine b. a and c d. none of the above 67. released from parathyroid glands a. thyroid hormone c. parathyroid hormone b. a and c d. none of the above 68. effects are slow and prolonged a. nerve impulses c. hormones b. a and c d. none of the above 69. effects are fast and of slow duration a. nerve impulses c. hormones b. a and c d. none of the above 70. glands found within the skull except a. pituitary gland c. hypothalamus b. pineal gland d. thyroid gland 71. glands found within the neck except a. thyroid gland c. parathyroid gland b. hypothalamus d. all of the above 72. glands found within the abdominal region except a. pancreas c. thyroid gland b. adrenal gland d. all of the above 73. glands found in the pelvis a. ovaries c. thyroid gland b. testis d. none of the above 74. gland found in the scrotum a. ovaries c. testis b. a and c d. none of the above 75. organs with endocrine function a. stomach c. thymus b. duodenum d. all of the above 76. secretes T3, T4 and calcitonin a. ovaries c. thyroid gland b. parathyroid gland d. none of the above 77. secretes insulin a. ovaries c. thyroid gland b. pancreas d. none of the above 78. anterior lobe of the pituitary gland a. adenohypophysis c. neurohypophysis b. a and c d. none of the above 79. posterior lobe of the pituitary gland a. adenohypophysis c. neurohypophysis
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b. a and c d. none of the above 80. endocrine gland from 2 different layers a. adrenal gland c. pancreas b. thyroid gland d. none of the above 81. adrenal medulla secretes a. epinephrine c. cortisol b. cortisone d. acetylcholine

82. alpha cells of the pancreas secretes a. enzymes c. insulin c. glucagon d. none of the above 83. calcium levels in the blood are increased by: a. calcitonin c. heparin b. parathyroid hormone d. none of the above 84. an enlarged thyroid gland is not referred to as goiter a. true b. false 85. the posterior pituitary is not composed of true glandular tissue a. true b. false 86. specialized neurons that respond to chemical stimuli a. photoreceptors b. chemoreceptors b. a and c d. none of the above 87. specialized neurons that respond to light waves a. photoreceptors b. chemoreceptors b. a and c c. none of the above 88. sense of taste a. smell b. gustation b. a and c d. none of the above 89. sense of smell a. gestation c. olfaction b. a and c d. none of the above 90. the primary taste sensations except a. sour c. bitter c. fragrant d. sweet 91. sweat glands a. sebaceous glands c. ciliary glands b. a and c d. none of the above 92. enzyme present in tears a. peptidase c. lysozyme b. a and c d. none of the above 93. drains fluid into the lacrimal sac a. lacrimal gland c. lacrimal canal b. a and c d. none of the above
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94. organ of hearing and equilibrium a. eyes c. ear b. a and c d. none of the above 95. organ of sight a. ear c. eyes b. a and c d. none of the above 96. ruptured tympanic membrane a. broken nose c. broken eardrum b. broken heart d. all of the above 97. secretes ear wax a. cornea c. tarsal gland b. a and c d. none of the above 98. refracts light rays a. cornea c. tarsal gland b. a and c d. none of the above 99. secretes aqueous humor a. cornea c. tarsal gland b. lacrimal gland d. none of the above

100. transmits sensory impulses a. ciliary body c. auditory tube b. cornea d. none of the above

Prepared by:

MA. LINDA GABIT-GAVINO MD;MPH INSTRUCTOR

Noted by: 8

MS. JONALISSA M. JAVIER, RN, RM, MSN Academic Coordinator

JOSE A. CARDENAS, Ph. D School Head

.

9

INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF ASIA AND THE PACIFIC Kalinga Province, Tabuk City Sec. Reg. No. CN201016194 Tel. # (074)673-006 ANATOMY Preliminary Examination Medical Technology MULTIPLE CHOICE: Encircle the best answer: 1.It is the portion of the CNS that extends through the vertebral canal of the vertebral column to the level of the first lumbar vertebra a. medulla c. cerebrum b. cerebellum d. spinal cord 2. It is the vascular area between the sheath and the vertebral canal a. arachnoid space c. sub arachnoid space b. dural space d. epidural space 3. clear lymph-like fluid formed by active transport of substances from blood plasma in the choroid plexuses a. blood b. urine b. plasma c. CSF fluid 4. endocrine organ that secretes melatonin a. pancreas c. testis b. ovary d. pineal gland 5. area of decussation a. medulla c. cerebrum b. cerebellum d. spinal cord 6. the spinal cord is continuous with the brain through the a. medulla c. foramen magnum c. cerebrum d. cerebellum 7. there are how many connective tissue membranous coverings of the brain a. one c. five b. four d. three 8. it is the outermost tissue covering of the entire central nervous system
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a. dura mater c. pia mater b. arachnoid d. sub arachnoid 9. it is the innermost tissue covering of the entire central nervous system a. dura mater c. pia mater b. arachnoid d. sub arachnoid 10. it is the middle tissue covering of the entire central nervous system a. dura mater c. pia mater b. arachnoid d. sub- arachnoid 11. structural arrangement of the capillaries that selectively determines which substances can move from the blood plasma to the extracellular fluid of the brain a. chorionic villi c. blood brain barrier b. lateral ventricles d. third ventricle 12. where the Cerebro-spinal fluid circulates a. ventricles of the brain c. central canal of the spinal cord b. subarachnoid space around the CNS d. all of the above 13. also called lumbar puncture a. lumbar tap c. spinal tap b. a and c d. none of the above

14. gyrus that is the principal motor area of the cerebrum a. pre central gyrus c. post central gyrus b. a and c d. none of the above 15. produces cerebrospinal fluid a. choroid villi c. choroid plexus b. a and c d. none of the above 16. anatomic division of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord a. central nervous system c. peripheral nervous system c. a and c d. none of the above 17. anatomic division of the nervous system which includes the cranial and spinal nerves a. central nervous system c. peripheral nervous system c. a and c d. none of the above 18. functional division of the nervous system which autonomically maintains homeostasis a. central nervous system c. autonomic nervous system b. a and c d. none of the above 19. refers to the autonomic innervations of the skeletal muscles a. central nervous system c. somatic nervous system c. visceral nervous system d. all of the above 20. refers to the autonomic innervations of the organs within the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities a. somatic nervous system c. visceral nervous system
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c. a and b d. none of the above 21. cranial nerve for smell a. optic nerve c. olfactory nerve b. facial nerve d.vagus 22. cranial nerve for sight a. optic nerve c. olfactory nerve b. facial nerve d. vagus 23. cranial nerve for taste a. optic nerve c. olfactory nerve b. facial nerve d. vagus 24. convoluted surface layer a. sulcus c. cerebral cortex b. a and c d. none of the above 25. there are how many layers of the cerebrum a. three c. four b. one d. two 26. connects the cerebral hemisphere a. sulcus b. gyrus b. cerebrum d. corpus callosum 27. motor speech area a. thalamus c. pineal gland b. broca ‘s area d. all of the above 28. ringed network of blood vessels surrounding the pituitary gland a. cerebral arterial circle c. circle of willis b. a and c d. none of the above 29. gray matter that connects the cerebral hemispheres and the cerebellum a. blue nucleus c. green nucleus b. red nucleus d. all of the above 30. there are how many pairs of spinal nerves a. 51 c. 41 b. 31 d. 21 31. there are how many cervical nerves a. 18 c. 28 b. 8 d. none of the abov 32. there are how many thoracic nerves a. 6 c. 7 c. 8 d. none of the above 33. there are how any lumbar nerves a. 2 c. 6 b. 4 d. 5 34. there are how many sacral nerves a. 2 c. 3 b. 5 d. 6 35. the spinal nerves exit the spinal cord and vertebral canal through the
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a. foramen magnum c. intervertebral foramina b. a and c d. none of the above 36. there are how many components in a typical reflex arc a. one c. two b. three d. five 37. a reflex arc always involve the central nervous system a. true b. false 38. division of the autonomic nervous system which originates from the thoraco lumber nerves a. sympathetic division c. parasympathetic division b. a and c d. none of the above 39. division of the autonomic nervous system which originates from the cranio sacral nerves a. sympathetic division c. parasympathetic division b. a and c d. none of the above 40. also called the sympathetic chain ganglia a. collateral ganglia c. paravertebral ganglia b. a and c d. none of the above 41. also called the collateral ganglia a. prevertebral ganglia c. paravertebral ganglia b. a and c d. none of the above 42. all sympathetic ganglia are called terminal ganglia a. true c. false 43. types of cholinergic receptors a. muscarinic receptors c. nicotinic receptors b. a and c d. none of the above 44. also called cholinergic receptors a. acetylcholine receptors c. norepinephrine receptors b. a and c d. none of the above 45. also called adrenergic fibers a. sympathetic fibers c. parasympathetic fibers b. a and c d. none of the above 46. also called cholinergic fibers a. sympathetic fibers c. parasympathetic fibers b. a and c d. none of the above

47. most body organs are innervated by the a. sympathetic division c. parasympathetic division b. a and c d. none of the above 48. cranial nerves innervate only structures of the head and neck a. true b. false
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49. only the beta receptors are found in the heart a. true b. false 50. specialized extension of the nervous system that contains sensory neurons a. receptors c. sensory organs b. a and c d. none of the above 51. they shade the eyes from the sun a. eyelids c. eyebrows b. a and c d. none of the above 52. protect the eyes from dessication a. eyelids c. eyebrows b. a and c d. none of the above 53. secretes lacrimal fluid a. lacrimal canal c. lacrimal gland b. a and c d. none of the above 54. also called tears a. lacrimal canal c . lacrimal fluid b. cerebro spinal fluid d. none of the above 55. they secrete specific chemicals a. receptors c. endocrine glands b. a and c d. none of the above 56. a chemical messenger secreted by an endocrine gland a. receptor c. hormone b. a and c d. none of the above 57. study of the endocrine glands a. anatomy c. physiology b. endocrinology d. all of the above 58. maintained by continuous adjustments of endocrine function a. hemoptysis c. hemolysis b. homeostasis d. none of the above 59. directly serves two or more body systems a. pineal gland c. mixed gland c. a and c d. none of the above 60. secrete steroid hormones a. testes c. ovaries c. adrenal glands d. all of the above 61. small pea-shaped gland located in the inferior side of the brain a. pineal gland c. pituitary gland c. a and c d. none of the above 62. secretes HCG a. ovaries c. testis b. placenta d. none of the above 63. 2 hormones are never present in the blood at the same time a. true b. false 64. adrenal medulla secretes adrenaline and noradrenaline
14

a. true

b. false

65. elevates blood pressure a. epinephrine c. nor epinephrine b. a and c d. none of the above 66. increases respiratory rate a. epinephrine c. norepinephrine b. a and c d. none of the above 67. released from parathyroid glands a. thyroid hormone c. parathyroid hormone b. a and c d. none of the above 68. effects are slow and prolonged a. nerve impulses c. hormones b. a and c d. none of the above 69. effects are fast and of slow duration a. nerve impulses c. hormones b. a and c d. none of the above 70. glands found within the skull except a. pituitary gland c. hypothalamus b. pineal gland d. thyroid gland 71. glands found within the neck except a. thyroid gland c. parathyroid gland b. hypothalamus d. all of the above 72. glands found within the abdominal region except a. pancreas c. thyroid gland b. adrenal gland d. all of the above 73. glands found in the pelvis a. ovaries c. thyroid gland b. testis d. none of the above 74. gland found in the scrotum a. ovaries c. testis b. a and c d. none of the above 75. organs with endocrine function a. stomach c. thymus b. duodenum d. all of the above 76. secretes T3, T4 and calcitonin a. ovaries c. thyroid gland b. parathyroid gland d. none of the above 77. secretes insulin a. ovaries c. thyroid gland b. pancreas d. none of the above
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78. anterior lobe of the pituitary gland a. adenohypophysis c. neurohypophysis b. a and c d. none of the above 79. posterior lobe of the pituitary gland a. adenohypophysis c. neurohypophysis b. a and c d. none of the above 80. endocrine gland from 2 different layers a. adrenal gland c. pancreas b. thyroid gland d. none of the above 81. adrenal medulla secretes a. epinephrine c. cortisol b. cortisone d. acetylcholine

82. alpha cells of the pancreas secretes a. enzymes c. insulin c. glucagon d. none of the above 83. calcium levels in the blood are increased by: a. calcitonin c. heparin b. parathyroid hormone d. none of the above 84. an enlarged thyroid gland is not referred to as goiter a. true b. false 85. the posterior pituitary is not composed of true glandular tissue a. true b. false 86. specialized neurons that respond to chemical stimuli a. photoreceptors b. chemoreceptors b. a and c d. none of the above 87. specialized neurons that respond to light waves a. photoreceptors b. chemoreceptors b. a and c c. none of the above 88. sense of taste a. smell b. gustation b. a and c d. none of the above 89. sense of smell a. gestation c. olfaction b. a and c d. none of the above 90. the primary taste sensations except a. sour c. bitter c. fragrant d. sweet 91. sweat glands a. sebaceous glands c. ciliary glands b. a and c d. none of the above 92. enzyme present in tears
16

a. peptidase c. lysozyme b. a and c d. none of the above 93. drains fluid into the lacrimal sac a. lacrimal gland c. lacrimal canal b. a and c d. none of the above 94. organ of hearing and equilibrium a. eyes c. ear b. a and c d. none of the above 95. organ of sight a. ear c. eyes b. a and c d. none of the above 96. ruptured tympanic membrane a. broken nose c. broken eardrum b. broken heart d. all of the above 97. secretes ear wax a. cornea c. tarsal gland b. a and c d. none of the above 98. refracts light rays a. cornea c. tarsal gland b. a and c d. none of the above 99. secretes aqueous humor a. cornea c. tarsal gland b. lacrimal gland d. none of the above

100. transmits sensory impulses a. ciliary body c. auditory tube b. cornea d. none of the above

Prepared by:

MA. LINDA GABIT-GAVINO MD;MPH INSTRUCTOR 17

Noted by: MS. JONALISSA M. JAVIER, RN, RM, MSN Academic Coordinator

JOSE A. CARDENAS, Ph. D School Head

.

18

INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF ASIA AND THE PACIFIC Kalinga Province, Tabuk City Sec. Reg. No. CN201016194 Tel. # (074)673-006 ANATOMY Preliminary Examination Medical Technology MULTIPLE CHOICE: Encircle the best answer: 1.It is the portion of the CNS that extends through the vertebral canal of the vertebral column to the level of the first lumbar vertebra a. medulla c. cerebrum b. cerebellum d. spinal cord 2. It is the vascular area between the sheath and the vertebral canal a. arachnoid space c. sub arachnoid space b. dural space d. epidural space 3. clear lymph-like fluid formed by active transport of substances from blood plasma in the choroid plexuses a. blood b. urine b. plasma c. CSF fluid 4. endocrine organ that secretes melatonin a. pancreas c. testis b. ovary d. pineal gland 5. area of decussation a. medulla c. cerebrum b. cerebellum d. spinal cord 6. the spinal cord is continuous with the brain through the
19

a. medulla c. foramen magnum c. cerebrum d. cerebellum 7. there are how many connective tissue membranous coverings of the brain a. one c. five b. four d. three 8. it is the outermost tissue covering of the entire central nervous system a. dura mater c. pia mater b. arachnoid d. sub arachnoid 9. it is the innermost tissue covering of the entire central nervous system a. dura mater c. pia mater b. arachnoid d. sub arachnoid 10. it is the middle tissue covering of the entire central nervous system a. dura mater c. pia mater b. arachnoid d. sub- arachnoid 11. structural arrangement of the capillaries that selectively determines which substances can move from the blood plasma to the extracellular fluid of the brain a. chorionic villi c. blood brain barrier b. lateral ventricles d. third ventricle 12. where the Cerebro-spinal fluid circulates a. ventricles of the brain c. central canal of the spinal cord b. subarachnoid space around the CNS d. all of the above 13. also called lumbar puncture a. lumbar tap c. spinal tap b. a and c d. none of the above

14. gyrus that is the principal motor area of the cerebrum a. pre central gyrus c. post central gyrus b. a and c d. none of the above 15. produces cerebrospinal fluid a. choroid villi c. choroid plexus b. a and c d. none of the above 16. anatomic division of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord a. central nervous system c. peripheral nervous system c. a and c d. none of the above 17. anatomic division of the nervous system which includes the cranial and spinal nerves a. central nervous system c. peripheral nervous system c. a and c d. none of the above 18. functional division of the nervous system which autonomically maintains homeostasis a. central nervous system c. autonomic nervous system b. a and c d. none of the above
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19. refers to the autonomic innervations of the skeletal muscles a. central nervous system c. somatic nervous system c. visceral nervous system d. all of the above 20. refers to the autonomic innervations of the organs within the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities a. somatic nervous system c. visceral nervous system c. a and b d. none of the above 21. cranial nerve for smell a. optic nerve c. olfactory nerve b. facial nerve d.vagus 22. cranial nerve for sight a. optic nerve c. olfactory nerve b. facial nerve d. vagus 23. cranial nerve for taste a. optic nerve c. olfactory nerve b. facial nerve d. vagus 24. convoluted surface layer a. sulcus c. cerebral cortex b. a and c d. none of the above 25. there are how many layers of the cerebrum a. three c. four b. one d. two 26. connects the cerebral hemisphere a. sulcus b. gyrus b. cerebrum d. corpus callosum 27. motor speech area a. thalamus c. pineal gland b. broca ‘s area d. all of the above 28. ringed network of blood vessels surrounding the pituitary gland a. cerebral arterial circle c. circle of willis b. a and c d. none of the above 29. gray matter that connects the cerebral hemispheres and the cerebellum a. blue nucleus c. green nucleus b. red nucleus d. all of the above 30. there are how many pairs of spinal nerves a. 51 c. 41 b. 31 d. 21 31. there are how many cervical nerves a. 18 c. 28 b. 8 d. none of the abov 32. there are how many thoracic nerves a. 6 c. 7 c. 8 d. none of the above 33. there are how any lumbar nerves
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a. 2 c. 6 b. 4 d. 5 34. there are how many sacral nerves a. 2 c. 3 b. 5 d. 6 35. the spinal nerves exit the spinal cord and vertebral canal through the a. foramen magnum c. intervertebral foramina b. a and c d. none of the above 36. there are how many components in a typical reflex arc a. one c. two b. three d. five 37. a reflex arc always involve the central nervous system a. true b. false 38. division of the autonomic nervous system which originates from the thoraco lumber nerves a. sympathetic division c. parasympathetic division b. a and c d. none of the above 39. division of the autonomic nervous system which originates from the cranio sacral nerves a. sympathetic division c. parasympathetic division b. a and c d. none of the above 40. also called the sympathetic chain ganglia a. collateral ganglia c. paravertebral ganglia b. a and c d. none of the above 41. also called the collateral ganglia a. prevertebral ganglia c. paravertebral ganglia b. a and c d. none of the above 42. all sympathetic ganglia are called terminal ganglia a. true c. false 43. types of cholinergic receptors a. muscarinic receptors c. nicotinic receptors b. a and c d. none of the above 44. also called cholinergic receptors a. acetylcholine receptors c. norepinephrine receptors b. a and c d. none of the above 45. also called adrenergic fibers a. sympathetic fibers c. parasympathetic fibers b. a and c d. none of the above 46. also called cholinergic fibers a. sympathetic fibers c. parasympathetic fibers b. a and c d. none of the above

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47. most body organs are innervated by the a. sympathetic division c. parasympathetic division b. a and c d. none of the above 48. cranial nerves innervate only structures of the head and neck a. true b. false 49. only the beta receptors are found in the heart a. true b. false 50. specialized extension of the nervous system that contains sensory neurons a. receptors c. sensory organs b. a and c d. none of the above 51. they shade the eyes from the sun a. eyelids c. eyebrows b. a and c d. none of the above 52. protect the eyes from dessication a. eyelids c. eyebrows b. a and c d. none of the above 53. secretes lacrimal fluid a. lacrimal canal c. lacrimal gland b. a and c d. none of the above 54. also called tears a. lacrimal canal c . lacrimal fluid b. cerebro spinal fluid d. none of the above 55. they secrete specific chemicals a. receptors c. endocrine glands b. a and c d. none of the above 56. a chemical messenger secreted by an endocrine gland a. receptor c. hormone b. a and c d. none of the above 57. study of the endocrine glands a. anatomy c. physiology b. endocrinology d. all of the above 58. maintained by continuous adjustments of endocrine function a. hemoptysis c. hemolysis b. homeostasis d. none of the above 59. directly serves two or more body systems a. pineal gland c. mixed gland c. a and c d. none of the above 60. secrete steroid hormones a. testes c. ovaries c. adrenal glands d. all of the above 61. small pea-shaped gland located in the inferior side of the brain a. pineal gland c. pituitary gland c. a and c d. none of the above
23

62. secretes HCG a. ovaries c. testis b. placenta d. none of the above 63. 2 hormones are never present in the blood at the same time a. true b. false 64. adrenal medulla secretes adrenaline and noradrenaline a. true b. false

65. elevates blood pressure a. epinephrine c. nor epinephrine b. a and c d. none of the above 66. increases respiratory rate a. epinephrine c. norepinephrine b. a and c d. none of the above 67. released from parathyroid glands a. thyroid hormone c. parathyroid hormone b. a and c d. none of the above 68. effects are slow and prolonged a. nerve impulses c. hormones b. a and c d. none of the above 69. effects are fast and of slow duration a. nerve impulses c. hormones b. a and c d. none of the above 70. glands found within the skull except a. pituitary gland c. hypothalamus b. pineal gland d. thyroid gland 71. glands found within the neck except a. thyroid gland c. parathyroid gland b. hypothalamus d. all of the above 72. glands found within the abdominal region except a. pancreas c. thyroid gland b. adrenal gland d. all of the above 73. glands found in the pelvis a. ovaries c. thyroid gland b. testis d. none of the above 74. gland found in the scrotum a. ovaries c. testis b. a and c d. none of the above 75. organs with endocrine function a. stomach c. thymus b. duodenum d. all of the above
24

76. secretes T3, T4 and calcitonin a. ovaries c. thyroid gland b. parathyroid gland d. none of the above 77. secretes insulin a. ovaries c. thyroid gland b. pancreas d. none of the above 78. anterior lobe of the pituitary gland a. adenohypophysis c. neurohypophysis b. a and c d. none of the above 79. posterior lobe of the pituitary gland a. adenohypophysis c. neurohypophysis b. a and c d. none of the above 80. endocrine gland from 2 different layers a. adrenal gland c. pancreas b. thyroid gland d. none of the above 81. adrenal medulla secretes a. epinephrine c. cortisol b. cortisone d. acetylcholine

82. alpha cells of the pancreas secretes a. enzymes c. insulin c. glucagon d. none of the above 83. calcium levels in the blood are increased by: a. calcitonin c. heparin b. parathyroid hormone d. none of the above 84. an enlarged thyroid gland is not referred to as goiter a. true b. false 85. the posterior pituitary is not composed of true glandular tissue a. true b. false 86. specialized neurons that respond to chemical stimuli a. photoreceptors b. chemoreceptors b. a and c d. none of the above 87. specialized neurons that respond to light waves a. photoreceptors b. chemoreceptors b. a and c c. none of the above 88. sense of taste a. smell b. gustation b. a and c d. none of the above 89. sense of smell a. gestation c. olfaction b. a and c d. none of the above 90. the primary taste sensations except
25

a. sour c. bitter c. fragrant d. sweet 91. sweat glands a. sebaceous glands c. ciliary glands b. a and c d. none of the above 92. enzyme present in tears a. peptidase c. lysozyme b. a and c d. none of the above 93. drains fluid into the lacrimal sac a. lacrimal gland c. lacrimal canal b. a and c d. none of the above 94. organ of hearing and equilibrium a. eyes c. ear b. a and c d. none of the above 95. organ of sight a. ear c. eyes b. a and c d. none of the above 96. ruptured tympanic membrane a. broken nose c. broken eardrum b. broken heart d. all of the above 97. secretes ear wax a. cornea c. tarsal gland b. a and c d. none of the above 98. refracts light rays a. cornea c. tarsal gland b. a and c d. none of the above 99. secretes aqueous humor a. cornea c. tarsal gland b. lacrimal gland d. none of the above

100. transmits sensory impulses a. ciliary body c. auditory tube b. cornea d. none of the above

26

Prepared by:

MA. LINDA GABIT-GAVINO MD;MPH INSTRUCTOR

Noted by: MS. JONALISSA M. JAVIER, RN, RM, MSN Academic Coordinator

JOSE A. CARDENAS, Ph. D School Head

.

27

INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF ASIA AND THE PACIFIC Kalinga Province, Tabuk City Sec. Reg. No. CN201016194 Tel. # (074)673-006 ANATOMY Preliminary Examination Medical Technology MULTIPLE CHOICE: Encircle the best answer: 1.It is the portion of the CNS that extends through the vertebral canal of the vertebral column to the level of the first lumbar vertebra a. medulla c. cerebrum b. cerebellum d. spinal cord 2. It is the vascular area between the sheath and the vertebral canal a. arachnoid space c. sub arachnoid space b. dural space d. epidural space 3. clear lymph-like fluid formed by active transport of substances from blood plasma in the choroid plexuses a. blood b. urine b. plasma c. CSF fluid 4. endocrine organ that secretes melatonin a. pancreas c. testis
28

b. ovary d. pineal gland 5. area of decussation a. medulla c. cerebrum b. cerebellum d. spinal cord 6. the spinal cord is continuous with the brain through the a. medulla c. foramen magnum c. cerebrum d. cerebellum 7. there are how many connective tissue membranous coverings of the brain a. one c. five b. four d. three 8. it is the outermost tissue covering of the entire central nervous system a. dura mater c. pia mater b. arachnoid d. sub arachnoid 9. it is the innermost tissue covering of the entire central nervous system a. dura mater c. pia mater b. arachnoid d. sub arachnoid 10. it is the middle tissue covering of the entire central nervous system a. dura mater c. pia mater b. arachnoid d. sub- arachnoid 11. structural arrangement of the capillaries that selectively determines which substances can move from the blood plasma to the extracellular fluid of the brain a. chorionic villi c. blood brain barrier b. lateral ventricles d. third ventricle 12. where the Cerebro-spinal fluid circulates a. ventricles of the brain c. central canal of the spinal cord b. subarachnoid space around the CNS d. all of the above 13. also called lumbar puncture a. lumbar tap c. spinal tap b. a and c d. none of the above

14. gyrus that is the principal motor area of the cerebrum a. pre central gyrus c. post central gyrus b. a and c d. none of the above 15. produces cerebrospinal fluid a. choroid villi c. choroid plexus b. a and c d. none of the above 16. anatomic division of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord a. central nervous system c. peripheral nervous system c. a and c d. none of the above 17. anatomic division of the nervous system which includes the cranial and spinal nerves a. central nervous system c. peripheral nervous system
29

c. a and c d. none of the above 18. functional division of the nervous system which autonomically maintains homeostasis a. central nervous system c. autonomic nervous system b. a and c d. none of the above 19. refers to the autonomic innervations of the skeletal muscles a. central nervous system c. somatic nervous system c. visceral nervous system d. all of the above 20. refers to the autonomic innervations of the organs within the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities a. somatic nervous system c. visceral nervous system c. a and b d. none of the above 21. cranial nerve for smell a. optic nerve c. olfactory nerve b. facial nerve d.vagus 22. cranial nerve for sight a. optic nerve c. olfactory nerve b. facial nerve d. vagus 23. cranial nerve for taste a. optic nerve c. olfactory nerve b. facial nerve d. vagus 24. convoluted surface layer a. sulcus c. cerebral cortex b. a and c d. none of the above 25. there are how many layers of the cerebrum a. three c. four b. one d. two 26. connects the cerebral hemisphere a. sulcus b. gyrus b. cerebrum d. corpus callosum 27. motor speech area a. thalamus c. pineal gland b. broca ‘s area d. all of the above 28. ringed network of blood vessels surrounding the pituitary gland a. cerebral arterial circle c. circle of willis b. a and c d. none of the above 29. gray matter that connects the cerebral hemispheres and the cerebellum a. blue nucleus c. green nucleus b. red nucleus d. all of the above 30. there are how many pairs of spinal nerves a. 51 c. 41 b. 31 d. 21 31. there are how many cervical nerves a. 18 c. 28
30

b. 8 d. none of the abov 32. there are how many thoracic nerves a. 6 c. 7 c. 8 d. none of the above 33. there are how any lumbar nerves a. 2 c. 6 b. 4 d. 5 34. there are how many sacral nerves a. 2 c. 3 b. 5 d. 6 35. the spinal nerves exit the spinal cord and vertebral canal through the a. foramen magnum c. intervertebral foramina b. a and c d. none of the above 36. there are how many components in a typical reflex arc a. one c. two b. three d. five 37. a reflex arc always involve the central nervous system a. true b. false 38. division of the autonomic nervous system which originates from the thoraco lumber nerves a. sympathetic division c. parasympathetic division b. a and c d. none of the above 39. division of the autonomic nervous system which originates from the cranio sacral nerves a. sympathetic division c. parasympathetic division b. a and c d. none of the above 40. also called the sympathetic chain ganglia a. collateral ganglia c. paravertebral ganglia b. a and c d. none of the above 41. also called the collateral ganglia a. prevertebral ganglia c. paravertebral ganglia b. a and c d. none of the above 42. all sympathetic ganglia are called terminal ganglia a. true c. false 43. types of cholinergic receptors a. muscarinic receptors c. nicotinic receptors b. a and c d. none of the above 44. also called cholinergic receptors a. acetylcholine receptors c. norepinephrine receptors b. a and c d. none of the above 45. also called adrenergic fibers a. sympathetic fibers c. parasympathetic fibers b. a and c d. none of the above 46. also called cholinergic fibers
31

a. sympathetic fibers b. a and c

c. parasympathetic fibers d. none of the above

47. most body organs are innervated by the a. sympathetic division c. parasympathetic division b. a and c d. none of the above 48. cranial nerves innervate only structures of the head and neck a. true b. false 49. only the beta receptors are found in the heart a. true b. false 50. specialized extension of the nervous system that contains sensory neurons a. receptors c. sensory organs b. a and c d. none of the above 51. they shade the eyes from the sun a. eyelids c. eyebrows b. a and c d. none of the above 52. protect the eyes from dessication a. eyelids c. eyebrows b. a and c d. none of the above 53. secretes lacrimal fluid a. lacrimal canal c. lacrimal gland b. a and c d. none of the above 54. also called tears a. lacrimal canal c . lacrimal fluid b. cerebro spinal fluid d. none of the above 55. they secrete specific chemicals a. receptors c. endocrine glands b. a and c d. none of the above 56. a chemical messenger secreted by an endocrine gland a. receptor c. hormone b. a and c d. none of the above 57. study of the endocrine glands a. anatomy c. physiology b. endocrinology d. all of the above 58. maintained by continuous adjustments of endocrine function a. hemoptysis c. hemolysis b. homeostasis d. none of the above 59. directly serves two or more body systems a. pineal gland c. mixed gland c. a and c d. none of the above 60. secrete steroid hormones
32

a. testes c. ovaries c. adrenal glands d. all of the above 61. small pea-shaped gland located in the inferior side of the brain a. pineal gland c. pituitary gland c. a and c d. none of the above 62. secretes HCG a. ovaries c. testis b. placenta d. none of the above 63. 2 hormones are never present in the blood at the same time a. true b. false 64. adrenal medulla secretes adrenaline and noradrenaline a. true b. false

65. elevates blood pressure a. epinephrine c. nor epinephrine b. a and c d. none of the above 66. increases respiratory rate a. epinephrine c. norepinephrine b. a and c d. none of the above 67. released from parathyroid glands a. thyroid hormone c. parathyroid hormone b. a and c d. none of the above 68. effects are slow and prolonged a. nerve impulses c. hormones b. a and c d. none of the above 69. effects are fast and of slow duration a. nerve impulses c. hormones b. a and c d. none of the above 70. glands found within the skull except a. pituitary gland c. hypothalamus b. pineal gland d. thyroid gland 71. glands found within the neck except a. thyroid gland c. parathyroid gland b. hypothalamus d. all of the above 72. glands found within the abdominal region except a. pancreas c. thyroid gland b. adrenal gland d. all of the above 73. glands found in the pelvis a. ovaries c. thyroid gland b. testis d. none of the above 74. gland found in the scrotum
33

a. ovaries c. testis b. a and c d. none of the above 75. organs with endocrine function a. stomach c. thymus b. duodenum d. all of the above 76. secretes T3, T4 and calcitonin a. ovaries c. thyroid gland b. parathyroid gland d. none of the above 77. secretes insulin a. ovaries c. thyroid gland b. pancreas d. none of the above 78. anterior lobe of the pituitary gland a. adenohypophysis c. neurohypophysis b. a and c d. none of the above 79. posterior lobe of the pituitary gland a. adenohypophysis c. neurohypophysis b. a and c d. none of the above 80. endocrine gland from 2 different layers a. adrenal gland c. pancreas b. thyroid gland d. none of the above 81. adrenal medulla secretes a. epinephrine c. cortisol b. cortisone d. acetylcholine

82. alpha cells of the pancreas secretes a. enzymes c. insulin c. glucagon d. none of the above 83. calcium levels in the blood are increased by: a. calcitonin c. heparin b. parathyroid hormone d. none of the above 84. an enlarged thyroid gland is not referred to as goiter a. true b. false 85. the posterior pituitary is not composed of true glandular tissue a. true b. false 86. specialized neurons that respond to chemical stimuli a. photoreceptors b. chemoreceptors b. a and c d. none of the above 87. specialized neurons that respond to light waves a. photoreceptors b. chemoreceptors b. a and c c. none of the above 88. sense of taste a. smell b. gustation
34

b. a and c d. none of the above 89. sense of smell a. gestation c. olfaction b. a and c d. none of the above 90. the primary taste sensations except a. sour c. bitter c. fragrant d. sweet 91. sweat glands a. sebaceous glands c. ciliary glands b. a and c d. none of the above 92. enzyme present in tears a. peptidase c. lysozyme b. a and c d. none of the above 93. drains fluid into the lacrimal sac a. lacrimal gland c. lacrimal canal b. a and c d. none of the above 94. organ of hearing and equilibrium a. eyes c. ear b. a and c d. none of the above 95. organ of sight a. ear c. eyes b. a and c d. none of the above 96. ruptured tympanic membrane a. broken nose c. broken eardrum b. broken heart d. all of the above 97. secretes ear wax a. cornea c. tarsal gland b. a and c d. none of the above 98. refracts light rays a. cornea c. tarsal gland b. a and c d. none of the above 99. secretes aqueous humor a. cornea c. tarsal gland b. lacrimal gland d. none of the above

100. transmits sensory impulses a. ciliary body c. auditory tube b. cornea d. none of the above

35

Prepared by:

MA. LINDA GABIT-GAVINO MD;MPH INSTRUCTOR

Noted by: MS. JONALISSA M. JAVIER, RN, RM, MSN Academic Coordinator

JOSE A. CARDENAS, Ph. D School Head

36

.

INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF ASIA AND THE PACIFIC Kalinga Province, Tabuk City Sec. Reg. No. CN201016194 Tel. # (074)673-006 ANATOMY Preliminary Examination Medical Technology MULTIPLE CHOICE: Encircle the best answer: 1.It is the portion of the CNS that extends through the vertebral canal of the vertebral column to the level of the first lumbar vertebra a. medulla c. cerebrum b. cerebellum d. spinal cord 2. It is the vascular area between the sheath and the vertebral canal a. arachnoid space c. sub arachnoid space b. dural space d. epidural space

37

3. clear lymph-like fluid formed by active transport of substances from blood plasma in the choroid plexuses a. blood b. urine b. plasma c. CSF fluid 4. endocrine organ that secretes melatonin a. pancreas c. testis b. ovary d. pineal gland 5. area of decussation a. medulla c. cerebrum b. cerebellum d. spinal cord 6. the spinal cord is continuous with the brain through the a. medulla c. foramen magnum c. cerebrum d. cerebellum 7. there are how many connective tissue membranous coverings of the brain a. one c. five b. four d. three 8. it is the outermost tissue covering of the entire central nervous system a. dura mater c. pia mater b. arachnoid d. sub arachnoid 9. it is the innermost tissue covering of the entire central nervous system a. dura mater c. pia mater b. arachnoid d. sub arachnoid 10. it is the middle tissue covering of the entire central nervous system a. dura mater c. pia mater b. arachnoid d. sub- arachnoid 11. structural arrangement of the capillaries that selectively determines which substances can move from the blood plasma to the extracellular fluid of the brain a. chorionic villi c. blood brain barrier b. lateral ventricles d. third ventricle 12. where the Cerebro-spinal fluid circulates a. ventricles of the brain c. central canal of the spinal cord b. subarachnoid space around the CNS d. all of the above 13. also called lumbar puncture a. lumbar tap c. spinal tap b. a and c d. none of the above

14. gyrus that is the principal motor area of the cerebrum a. pre central gyrus c. post central gyrus b. a and c d. none of the above 15. produces cerebrospinal fluid a. choroid villi c. choroid plexus b. a and c d. none of the above
38

16. anatomic division of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord a. central nervous system c. peripheral nervous system c. a and c d. none of the above 17. anatomic division of the nervous system which includes the cranial and spinal nerves a. central nervous system c. peripheral nervous system c. a and c d. none of the above 18. functional division of the nervous system which autonomically maintains homeostasis a. central nervous system c. autonomic nervous system b. a and c d. none of the above 19. refers to the autonomic innervations of the skeletal muscles a. central nervous system c. somatic nervous system c. visceral nervous system d. all of the above 20. refers to the autonomic innervations of the organs within the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities a. somatic nervous system c. visceral nervous system c. a and b d. none of the above 21. cranial nerve for smell a. optic nerve c. olfactory nerve b. facial nerve d.vagus 22. cranial nerve for sight a. optic nerve c. olfactory nerve b. facial nerve d. vagus 23. cranial nerve for taste a. optic nerve c. olfactory nerve b. facial nerve d. vagus 24. convoluted surface layer a. sulcus c. cerebral cortex b. a and c d. none of the above 25. there are how many layers of the cerebrum a. three c. four b. one d. two 26. connects the cerebral hemisphere a. sulcus b. gyrus b. cerebrum d. corpus callosum 27. motor speech area a. thalamus c. pineal gland b. broca ‘s area d. all of the above 28. ringed network of blood vessels surrounding the pituitary gland a. cerebral arterial circle c. circle of willis b. a and c d. none of the above 29. gray matter that connects the cerebral hemispheres and the cerebellum a. blue nucleus c. green nucleus
39

b. red nucleus d. all of the above 30. there are how many pairs of spinal nerves a. 51 c. 41 b. 31 d. 21 31. there are how many cervical nerves a. 18 c. 28 b. 8 d. none of the abov 32. there are how many thoracic nerves a. 6 c. 7 c. 8 d. none of the above 33. there are how any lumbar nerves a. 2 c. 6 b. 4 d. 5 34. there are how many sacral nerves a. 2 c. 3 b. 5 d. 6 35. the spinal nerves exit the spinal cord and vertebral canal through the a. foramen magnum c. intervertebral foramina b. a and c d. none of the above 36. there are how many components in a typical reflex arc a. one c. two b. three d. five 37. a reflex arc always involve the central nervous system a. true b. false 38. division of the autonomic nervous system which originates from the thoraco lumber nerves a. sympathetic division c. parasympathetic division b. a and c d. none of the above 39. division of the autonomic nervous system which originates from the cranio sacral nerves a. sympathetic division c. parasympathetic division b. a and c d. none of the above 40. also called the sympathetic chain ganglia a. collateral ganglia c. paravertebral ganglia b. a and c d. none of the above 41. also called the collateral ganglia a. prevertebral ganglia c. paravertebral ganglia b. a and c d. none of the above 42. all sympathetic ganglia are called terminal ganglia a. true c. false 43. types of cholinergic receptors a. muscarinic receptors c. nicotinic receptors b. a and c d. none of the above 44. also called cholinergic receptors
40

a. acetylcholine receptors b. a and c 45. also called adrenergic fibers a. sympathetic fibers b. a and c 46. also called cholinergic fibers a. sympathetic fibers b. a and c

c. norepinephrine receptors d. none of the above c. parasympathetic fibers d. none of the above c. parasympathetic fibers d. none of the above

47. most body organs are innervated by the a. sympathetic division c. parasympathetic division b. a and c d. none of the above 48. cranial nerves innervate only structures of the head and neck a. true b. false 49. only the beta receptors are found in the heart a. true b. false 50. specialized extension of the nervous system that contains sensory neurons a. receptors c. sensory organs b. a and c d. none of the above 51. they shade the eyes from the sun a. eyelids c. eyebrows b. a and c d. none of the above 52. protect the eyes from dessication a. eyelids c. eyebrows b. a and c d. none of the above 53. secretes lacrimal fluid a. lacrimal canal c. lacrimal gland b. a and c d. none of the above 54. also called tears a. lacrimal canal c . lacrimal fluid b. cerebro spinal fluid d. none of the above 55. they secrete specific chemicals a. receptors c. endocrine glands b. a and c d. none of the above 56. a chemical messenger secreted by an endocrine gland a. receptor c. hormone b. a and c d. none of the above 57. study of the endocrine glands a. anatomy c. physiology b. endocrinology d. all of the above 58. maintained by continuous adjustments of endocrine function
41

a. hemoptysis c. hemolysis b. homeostasis d. none of the above 59. directly serves two or more body systems a. pineal gland c. mixed gland c. a and c d. none of the above 60. secrete steroid hormones a. testes c. ovaries c. adrenal glands d. all of the above 61. small pea-shaped gland located in the inferior side of the brain a. pineal gland c. pituitary gland c. a and c d. none of the above 62. secretes HCG a. ovaries c. testis b. placenta d. none of the above 63. 2 hormones are never present in the blood at the same time a. true b. false 64. adrenal medulla secretes adrenaline and noradrenaline a. true b. false

65. elevates blood pressure a. epinephrine c. nor epinephrine b. a and c d. none of the above 66. increases respiratory rate a. epinephrine c. norepinephrine b. a and c d. none of the above 67. released from parathyroid glands a. thyroid hormone c. parathyroid hormone b. a and c d. none of the above 68. effects are slow and prolonged a. nerve impulses c. hormones b. a and c d. none of the above 69. effects are fast and of slow duration a. nerve impulses c. hormones b. a and c d. none of the above 70. glands found within the skull except a. pituitary gland c. hypothalamus b. pineal gland d. thyroid gland 71. glands found within the neck except a. thyroid gland c. parathyroid gland b. hypothalamus d. all of the above 72. glands found within the abdominal region except
42

a. pancreas c. thyroid gland b. adrenal gland d. all of the above 73. glands found in the pelvis a. ovaries c. thyroid gland b. testis d. none of the above 74. gland found in the scrotum a. ovaries c. testis b. a and c d. none of the above 75. organs with endocrine function a. stomach c. thymus b. duodenum d. all of the above 76. secretes T3, T4 and calcitonin a. ovaries c. thyroid gland b. parathyroid gland d. none of the above 77. secretes insulin a. ovaries c. thyroid gland b. pancreas d. none of the above 78. anterior lobe of the pituitary gland a. adenohypophysis c. neurohypophysis b. a and c d. none of the above 79. posterior lobe of the pituitary gland a. adenohypophysis c. neurohypophysis b. a and c d. none of the above 80. endocrine gland from 2 different layers a. adrenal gland c. pancreas b. thyroid gland d. none of the above 81. adrenal medulla secretes a. epinephrine c. cortisol b. cortisone d. acetylcholine

82. alpha cells of the pancreas secretes a. enzymes c. insulin c. glucagon d. none of the above 83. calcium levels in the blood are increased by: a. calcitonin c. heparin b. parathyroid hormone d. none of the above 84. an enlarged thyroid gland is not referred to as goiter a. true b. false 85. the posterior pituitary is not composed of true glandular tissue a. true b. false 86. specialized neurons that respond to chemical stimuli a. photoreceptors b. chemoreceptors
43

b. a and c d. none of the above 87. specialized neurons that respond to light waves a. photoreceptors b. chemoreceptors b. a and c c. none of the above 88. sense of taste a. smell b. gustation b. a and c d. none of the above 89. sense of smell a. gestation c. olfaction b. a and c d. none of the above 90. the primary taste sensations except a. sour c. bitter c. fragrant d. sweet 91. sweat glands a. sebaceous glands c. ciliary glands b. a and c d. none of the above 92. enzyme present in tears a. peptidase c. lysozyme b. a and c d. none of the above 93. drains fluid into the lacrimal sac a. lacrimal gland c. lacrimal canal b. a and c d. none of the above 94. organ of hearing and equilibrium a. eyes c. ear b. a and c d. none of the above 95. organ of sight a. ear c. eyes b. a and c d. none of the above 96. ruptured tympanic membrane a. broken nose c. broken eardrum b. broken heart d. all of the above 97. secretes ear wax a. cornea c. tarsal gland b. a and c d. none of the above 98. refracts light rays a. cornea c. tarsal gland b. a and c d. none of the above 99. secretes aqueous humor a. cornea c. tarsal gland b. lacrimal gland d. none of the above

44

100. transmits sensory impulses a. ciliary body c. auditory tube b. cornea d. none of the above

Prepared by:

MA. LINDA GABIT-GAVINO MD;MPH INSTRUCTOR

Noted by: MS. JONALISSA M. JAVIER, RN, RM, MSN Academic Coordinator

JOSE A. CARDENAS, Ph. D School Head

45

.

INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF ASIA AND THE PACIFIC Kalinga Province, Tabuk City Sec. Reg. No. CN201016194 Tel. # (074)673-006 ANATOMY Preliminary Examination Medical Technology MULTIPLE CHOICE: Encircle the best answer: 1.It is the portion of the CNS that extends through the vertebral canal of the vertebral column to the level of the first lumbar vertebra
46

a. medulla c. cerebrum b. cerebellum d. spinal cord 2. It is the vascular area between the sheath and the vertebral canal a. arachnoid space c. sub arachnoid space b. dural space d. epidural space 3. clear lymph-like fluid formed by active transport of substances from blood plasma in the choroid plexuses a. blood b. urine b. plasma c. CSF fluid 4. endocrine organ that secretes melatonin a. pancreas c. testis b. ovary d. pineal gland 5. area of decussation a. medulla c. cerebrum b. cerebellum d. spinal cord 6. the spinal cord is continuous with the brain through the a. medulla c. foramen magnum c. cerebrum d. cerebellum 7. there are how many connective tissue membranous coverings of the brain a. one c. five b. four d. three 8. it is the outermost tissue covering of the entire central nervous system a. dura mater c. pia mater b. arachnoid d. sub arachnoid 9. it is the innermost tissue covering of the entire central nervous system a. dura mater c. pia mater b. arachnoid d. sub arachnoid 10. it is the middle tissue covering of the entire central nervous system a. dura mater c. pia mater b. arachnoid d. sub- arachnoid 11. structural arrangement of the capillaries that selectively determines which substances can move from the blood plasma to the extracellular fluid of the brain a. chorionic villi c. blood brain barrier b. lateral ventricles d. third ventricle 12. where the Cerebro-spinal fluid circulates a. ventricles of the brain c. central canal of the spinal cord b. subarachnoid space around the CNS d. all of the above 13. also called lumbar puncture a. lumbar tap c. spinal tap b. a and c d. none of the above

14. gyrus that is the principal motor area of the cerebrum
47

a. pre central gyrus c. post central gyrus b. a and c d. none of the above 15. produces cerebrospinal fluid a. choroid villi c. choroid plexus b. a and c d. none of the above 16. anatomic division of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord a. central nervous system c. peripheral nervous system c. a and c d. none of the above 17. anatomic division of the nervous system which includes the cranial and spinal nerves a. central nervous system c. peripheral nervous system c. a and c d. none of the above 18. functional division of the nervous system which autonomically maintains homeostasis a. central nervous system c. autonomic nervous system b. a and c d. none of the above 19. refers to the autonomic innervations of the skeletal muscles a. central nervous system c. somatic nervous system c. visceral nervous system d. all of the above 20. refers to the autonomic innervations of the organs within the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities a. somatic nervous system c. visceral nervous system c. a and b d. none of the above 21. cranial nerve for smell a. optic nerve c. olfactory nerve b. facial nerve d.vagus 22. cranial nerve for sight a. optic nerve c. olfactory nerve b. facial nerve d. vagus 23. cranial nerve for taste a. optic nerve c. olfactory nerve b. facial nerve d. vagus 24. convoluted surface layer a. sulcus c. cerebral cortex b. a and c d. none of the above 25. there are how many layers of the cerebrum a. three c. four b. one d. two 26. connects the cerebral hemisphere a. sulcus b. gyrus b. cerebrum d. corpus callosum 27. motor speech area a. thalamus c. pineal gland b. broca ‘s area d. all of the above
48

28. ringed network of blood vessels surrounding the pituitary gland a. cerebral arterial circle c. circle of willis b. a and c d. none of the above 29. gray matter that connects the cerebral hemispheres and the cerebellum a. blue nucleus c. green nucleus b. red nucleus d. all of the above 30. there are how many pairs of spinal nerves a. 51 c. 41 b. 31 d. 21 31. there are how many cervical nerves a. 18 c. 28 b. 8 d. none of the abov 32. there are how many thoracic nerves a. 6 c. 7 c. 8 d. none of the above 33. there are how any lumbar nerves a. 2 c. 6 b. 4 d. 5 34. there are how many sacral nerves a. 2 c. 3 b. 5 d. 6 35. the spinal nerves exit the spinal cord and vertebral canal through the a. foramen magnum c. intervertebral foramina b. a and c d. none of the above 36. there are how many components in a typical reflex arc a. one c. two b. three d. five 37. a reflex arc always involve the central nervous system a. true b. false 38. division of the autonomic nervous system which originates from the thoraco lumber nerves a. sympathetic division c. parasympathetic division b. a and c d. none of the above 39. division of the autonomic nervous system which originates from the cranio sacral nerves a. sympathetic division c. parasympathetic division b. a and c d. none of the above 40. also called the sympathetic chain ganglia a. collateral ganglia c. paravertebral ganglia b. a and c d. none of the above 41. also called the collateral ganglia a. prevertebral ganglia c. paravertebral ganglia b. a and c d. none of the above 42. all sympathetic ganglia are called terminal ganglia
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a. true c. false 43. types of cholinergic receptors a. muscarinic receptors c. nicotinic receptors b. a and c d. none of the above 44. also called cholinergic receptors a. acetylcholine receptors c. norepinephrine receptors b. a and c d. none of the above 45. also called adrenergic fibers a. sympathetic fibers c. parasympathetic fibers b. a and c d. none of the above 46. also called cholinergic fibers a. sympathetic fibers c. parasympathetic fibers b. a and c d. none of the above

47. most body organs are innervated by the a. sympathetic division c. parasympathetic division b. a and c d. none of the above 48. cranial nerves innervate only structures of the head and neck a. true b. false 49. only the beta receptors are found in the heart a. true b. false 50. specialized extension of the nervous system that contains sensory neurons a. receptors c. sensory organs b. a and c d. none of the above 51. they shade the eyes from the sun a. eyelids c. eyebrows b. a and c d. none of the above 52. protect the eyes from dessication a. eyelids c. eyebrows b. a and c d. none of the above 53. secretes lacrimal fluid a. lacrimal canal c. lacrimal gland b. a and c d. none of the above 54. also called tears a. lacrimal canal c . lacrimal fluid b. cerebro spinal fluid d. none of the above 55. they secrete specific chemicals a. receptors c. endocrine glands b. a and c d. none of the above 56. a chemical messenger secreted by an endocrine gland a. receptor c. hormone
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b. a and c d. none of the above 57. study of the endocrine glands a. anatomy c. physiology b. endocrinology d. all of the above 58. maintained by continuous adjustments of endocrine function a. hemoptysis c. hemolysis b. homeostasis d. none of the above 59. directly serves two or more body systems a. pineal gland c. mixed gland c. a and c d. none of the above 60. secrete steroid hormones a. testes c. ovaries c. adrenal glands d. all of the above 61. small pea-shaped gland located in the inferior side of the brain a. pineal gland c. pituitary gland c. a and c d. none of the above 62. secretes HCG a. ovaries c. testis b. placenta d. none of the above 63. 2 hormones are never present in the blood at the same time a. true b. false 64. adrenal medulla secretes adrenaline and noradrenaline a. true b. false

65. elevates blood pressure a. epinephrine c. nor epinephrine b. a and c d. none of the above 66. increases respiratory rate a. epinephrine c. norepinephrine b. a and c d. none of the above 67. released from parathyroid glands a. thyroid hormone c. parathyroid hormone b. a and c d. none of the above 68. effects are slow and prolonged a. nerve impulses c. hormones b. a and c d. none of the above 69. effects are fast and of slow duration a. nerve impulses c. hormones b. a and c d. none of the above 70. glands found within the skull except a. pituitary gland c. hypothalamus
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b. pineal gland d. thyroid gland 71. glands found within the neck except a. thyroid gland c. parathyroid gland b. hypothalamus d. all of the above 72. glands found within the abdominal region except a. pancreas c. thyroid gland b. adrenal gland d. all of the above 73. glands found in the pelvis a. ovaries c. thyroid gland b. testis d. none of the above 74. gland found in the scrotum a. ovaries c. testis b. a and c d. none of the above 75. organs with endocrine function a. stomach c. thymus b. duodenum d. all of the above 76. secretes T3, T4 and calcitonin a. ovaries c. thyroid gland b. parathyroid gland d. none of the above 77. secretes insulin a. ovaries c. thyroid gland b. pancreas d. none of the above 78. anterior lobe of the pituitary gland a. adenohypophysis c. neurohypophysis b. a and c d. none of the above 79. posterior lobe of the pituitary gland a. adenohypophysis c. neurohypophysis b. a and c d. none of the above 80. endocrine gland from 2 different layers a. adrenal gland c. pancreas b. thyroid gland d. none of the above 81. adrenal medulla secretes a. epinephrine c. cortisol b. cortisone d. acetylcholine

82. alpha cells of the pancreas secretes a. enzymes c. insulin c. glucagon d. none of the above 83. calcium levels in the blood are increased by: a. calcitonin c. heparin b. parathyroid hormone d. none of the above 84. an enlarged thyroid gland is not referred to as goiter
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a. true b. false 85. the posterior pituitary is not composed of true glandular tissue a. true b. false 86. specialized neurons that respond to chemical stimuli a. photoreceptors b. chemoreceptors b. a and c d. none of the above 87. specialized neurons that respond to light waves a. photoreceptors b. chemoreceptors b. a and c c. none of the above 88. sense of taste a. smell b. gustation b. a and c d. none of the above 89. sense of smell a. gestation c. olfaction b. a and c d. none of the above 90. the primary taste sensations except a. sour c. bitter c. fragrant d. sweet 91. sweat glands a. sebaceous glands c. ciliary glands b. a and c d. none of the above 92. enzyme present in tears a. peptidase c. lysozyme b. a and c d. none of the above 93. drains fluid into the lacrimal sac a. lacrimal gland c. lacrimal canal b. a and c d. none of the above 94. organ of hearing and equilibrium a. eyes c. ear b. a and c d. none of the above 95. organ of sight a. ear c. eyes b. a and c d. none of the above 96. ruptured tympanic membrane a. broken nose c. broken eardrum b. broken heart d. all of the above 97. secretes ear wax a. cornea c. tarsal gland b. a and c d. none of the above 98. refracts light rays a. cornea c. tarsal gland b. a and c d. none of the above 99. secretes aqueous humor a. cornea c. tarsal gland
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b. lacrimal gland

d. none of the above

100. transmits sensory impulses a. ciliary body c. auditory tube b. cornea d. none of the above

Prepared by:

MA. LINDA GABIT-GAVINO MD;MPH INSTRUCTOR

Noted by: MS. JONALISSA M. JAVIER, RN, RM, MSN Academic Coordinator

JOSE A. CARDENAS, Ph. D School Head

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