Fixed A fixed or class 1 pulley has a fixed axle. That is, the axle is "fixed" or anchored in aplace. A fixed pulley is used to change the direction of the force on a rope (called a belt). A fixed pulley has a mechanical advantage of 1. A mechanical advantage of one means that the force is equal on both sides of the pulley and there is no multiplication of force.

How it works
Diagram 1 - A basic equation for a pulley: In equilibrium, the force F on the pulley axle is equal and opposite to the sum of the tensions in each line leaving the pulley, and these tensions are equal
Katrol tetap KM = 1 KM= Keuntungan Mekanik

1.) A fixed pulley is the only pulley that when used individually, uses more effort than the load to lift the load from the ground. The wheel does not move. Fixed pulleys change the direction of the effort force. It does not increase the size of the effort force. The advantage of the fixed pulley is that you do not have to pull or push the pulley up and down. The disadvantage is that you have to apply more effort than the load.
2.) A fixed pulley is the only pulley that when used individually, uses more effort than the load to lift the load from the ground.

the force is equal to the weight. making it easier to lift things This figure shows a single pulley with a weight on one end of the rope. 2009 The three parts of a pulley are the hub (or boss). the arms (or spokes) and the rim.) The disadvantage is that you have to apply more effort than the load WHAT DOES A PULLEY DO? A pulley changes the direction of the force. the person holding the end of the rope must pull down with a force that is equal in magnitude to the tension in the rope. The mechanical advantage of this system is 1! The Parts of a Pulley By Paul Dohrman. string or chain) if . Cheeks (side plates) prevent lateral motion of the hub and catch the tackle (rope. a ceiling or wall. the bar becomes a rope. acts as a first class lever with the fulcrum being located at the axis but with a minor change. The other end is held by a person who must apply a force to keep the weight hanging in the air (in equilibrium). as shown in the picture. eHow Contributor updated: September 10. For this pulley system.) The fixed pulley when attached to an unmovable object e.) The advantage of the fixed pulley is that you do not have to pull or push the pulley up and down. In order for the weight and pulley (the system) to remain in equilibrium.3.g. 5. 4. This force or tension is the same all along the rope. There is a force (tension) on the rope that is equal to the weight of the object.

Cast arms are typically elliptical in cross section. The rim may be V-shaped to accommodate a V-shaped belt. the shaft can continue rotating while the belt stops. they are often cast curved. for example. In short. A pulley can be either fast or loose. Pulleys can be made interchangeable by swapping in bushings that match the radius of the shaft. as in the rear derailleur of a bicycle. By shifting a rotating belt from the fixed pulley over to the loose pulley. Bicycle Derailleur (Flickr/ragnar1984) The rim is concave on the arms side. stresses during cooling can cause cracking. A rim can have teeth to catch the links of a chain. Hub 3. When the belt is flat. The hub may be mounted on a shaft using a key. Arms 2. This means the hub can be affixed to the shaft or allowed to move around it. even if the shaft has to keep rotating. to reduce wind loss.it disengages from the pulley rim. This keeps the belt in the middle of the rim. a fast and loose pulley system can therefore be used to interrupt the transmission of motion in machinery. A fast and a loose pulley on the same shaft can enable a belt to stop. Rim 1. Curved arms absorb the stresses. splines or a set screw. A loose hub can be made to turn more freely with bushings (cylinder or sleeve) or ball bearings inserted between hub and axle. If the pulley is cast in one piece with the spokes at right angles to the rim. the rim is flat. Block . with flanges on the side to hold the belt in place. If the pulley wheel has arms or spokes.

If one of the blocks has to move along with a load. This type of system is called block and tackle. The rims have engaging sprockets to prevent slip. If there are three stretches of rope between two blocks. the mechanical advantage would be 3:1. Keeping the radii (R and r) close. because the rope would need to be pulled three times what the load is lifted. The merit of the system is that it affords great mechanical advantage without requiring the tackle/chain to be tied down or in need of a brake to keep the load from dropping. Block and Tackle Hoists and Their Mechanical Advantage If the cheeks hold multiple pulleys. The pulleys in a block are of different radius. A variation of block and tackle is a differential pulley. friction is enough to keep the pulley from turning when under load. they form what is called a block. The chain makes a complete loop so that it is unending.4. . It is analogous to using a lever to reduce the force required to lift a heavy load by increasing the distance over which the input force must be applied. then for the distance it is hoisted. Multiple blocks can be used to gain mechanical advantage. Differential Pulley 5. the rope (tackle) stretched between separate blocks must each shorten the same distance.