(TEMPLET TUGASAN - VERSI BAHASA MALAYSIA

)

(MUKA SURAT HADAPAN)

FACULTY OF EDUCATION AND LANGUAGE

MAY / 2013

OUMH2103

ENGLISH FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNICAL PURPOSES

NAME NO. MATRICULATION

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0 Body of essay 3 2.2 Psychological effects 4 2.OUMH2103 PART A TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE 1.1 Health effects 3 2.0 Concluding 5 1 .0 introductory 2 2.3 Social effects 4 3.

fast food also can cause one of develop insulin resistance that can risk for diabetes. This causes two damages to the heart it fatigues by the continuous extra effort it makes and heart muscles can fail due to lack of oxygen. One of the most obvious that it is can raise blood pressure and cholesterol and also contributing to heart disease. fried fast food. Subways. which calls for an extremely dangerous and rapid release of insulin into the blood stream. increasing availability of junk food. 1. high cholesterol. arthritis. gum. cancer. According to the American Diabetes Association. the liver becomes worn out and insulin production fails. sugar. In recent decades.6 million new cases of diabetes are diagnosed in people aged 20 years and older each year and a leading cause is that of the surplus intake of sugar. salt. health education can also solve that problem but the most important is encourages us to nourish ourselves through conscious food choices and awareness of the dangers of junk food for every individual. chips and biscuits prior to age 3 may end up having lower IQs than children who ate home-cooked 2 . high blood pressure. candy. Many diseases including coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis are caused by a buildup of plaque in arteries near the heart . etc. In my opinion. Some people believe that better health education is the answer to this problem but others disagree. Another one is importan that. etc. Burger King. hence leading to diabetes. calories. The effects of junk food can lead to obesity. pizza. Many foods such as hamburgers. The onset and remedy both take a long time and great determination. Then this falls rapidly and as these levels continue to fluctuate. Pizza Hut. Besides that. hydrogenated fats (trans fats). heart disease. sodium. The buildup can reduce blood flow in the body and if it is punctured and a blood clot forms. it can cut off circulation to some of the heart muscles. diabetes. laziness and time constraints. These are reasons people to visit a fast food restaurant daily. Popeyes. Fast Foods are served in local restaurants we all know such as McDonalds. additives.OUMH2103 PART A Junk food is food that is of little nutritional value and often high in fat. with 25 percent of people now consuming predominantly junk food diets. children who consume junk foods such as pizza. junk food and convenience food consumption have increased dramatically. The true reason for eating junk food is that is tastes good to many people. artificial colors. sweet desserts. and tacos can be considered either healthy or junk food depending on their ingredients and preparation methods with the more highly processed items usually falling under the junk food category. Foods commonly considered junk foods include salted snack foods. stressful. and even a heart attack. Taco Bell. and sugary carbonated beverages.

Most junk foods contain bad fats such as saturated and trans fat. Obesity is a huge problem in American society. 18. the more body fat you have. eating good fats like omega-3 fatty acids. respiratory problems. and high saturated fat. These tend to provoke the body into creating prostaglandins (a hormone) that is pro-inflammatory. which could contribute to the formation of breast cancer. Most sufferers of arthritis have been shown to greatly improve when they cut out certain foods or restrict their diet. sleep apnea. the more estrogen you’re likely to produce. They damage your brain and make you suffer from mental illness. Junk foods often contain chemicals and high calorie that can negatively affect your psychological.1% of teenagers ages 12-19 were obese in 2008. trembling and fatigue. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This in turn causes mental disorders. breast. stroke. empty calories. insulin resistance. Beside that. asthma. body pains and making one’s lifestyle healthier is much more difficult at that stage. Obesity has been linked to many other health issues such as hypertension." these children were tested five years down the line and had IQ scores that were as much as five points lower than their healthier-eating peers. Junk foods contain too much sugar or too much salt. obesity and many diet related diseases. prostate and colon cancers. According to 2010 research published in the "Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. Hence. According to research. Some other foods that may lead to this condition include foods with preservatives. which can be directly responsible for triggering some arthritis conditions. junk foods can also damage your child teeth because of sweet junk foods can. reproductive hormone abnormalities. Living with obesity is a struggle and its now not only becoming common in adults but. Foods contains great amount of trans fats which affects the brains 3 . People who eat a lot of junk food to gain weight quickly because it has a content with sugar can lead to obesity then has an impact on the health of the rest of the body. The good fats help produce anti-inflammatory prostaglandins that stop inflammation. Junk food influences hormones especially neurotransmitters in the brain. and this hormone is produced in your fat tissue. Effects eating junk food is gain weight . eating too much junk food also can effect a social problem when junk food have adverse effect on your mental health and leads to problems like anxiety. gall bladder disease. impaired fertility. Many breast cancers are fueled by estrogen. Besides that. Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic. The researchers suspected that the negative effect of eating junk foods so early in life may not be altered by future healthy habits because it is related to hindered brain development.OUMH2103 foods with fruits and vegetables. obese women are up to 60 percent more likely to develop some form of cancer than normal-weight women. also children.

can have serious health and social effects. This will cause us to have to eat this and that.wordnetweb. Alzheimer’s and Hyperactive. Awareness about the dangers of the habit of eating junk food is a very common absences now. Junk food also contains toxic mixture of unhealthy fats. For my opinion. junk food . Many people know that eating junk food is something that is less good. Food causing disorders must be avoided. artificial colouring . refined carbohydrates and preservatives that leads to mental imbalance.html 4 . These toxic foods affect hormones causing mental illness. 2. References 1. But due to busy man cause cause we had to eat junk food in this situation would be we have to eat too. These foods cause disorders which can get difficult to cure. 3. although it is convenient and a tasty addition to a diet. So the best way to overcome such problems is inculcating healthy eating habits.OUMH2103 neurotransmitters. People consuming high amount of fats suffer from mental disorders like Depression.princeton.com/nonfiction/academic/article/301318/Fast-Food/ http://www. fast food. causing damage to the brain. This is because patients do not consume enough amount of vitamins and minerals found in whole foods.edu/perl/webwn http://teenink. These factors state the effects of junk food on your brain and the reason for it is link to mental disorders. eating junk food is bad because it has become trend with rising epidemics of numerous chronic diseases and accounts for a long list. People should learn to choose fast food carefully and remember the pleasure of eating good food. 6. That food affects the hormones and also block blood supply to the brain. 5.vivavegie.htm http://chainoffools. By eating food can cause the disease In conclusion. 4. Instead adopt a healthy diet free from trans fats and unwanted calories.org/fact_negeffect. Who knows what kind of genetic mutations and malfunctions we’re creating for our future generations when a majority of our diet consists of highly processed and artificial foods.org/101book/text/nolink/social/supersizeme.Google Search Glossary http://www.

0 Concluding 7 5 .0 introductory 6 5.OUMH2103 PART B TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE 4.0 Body of essay 6 6.

This keeps the temperature of the Earth higher than it would be if direct heating by the Sun was the only source of warming. some of it is absorbed which warms the ground and some bounces back to space as heat. This is a natural process. So the more greenhouse gases you have in the atmosphere. factories and homes. The greenhouse is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation within the thermal infrared range. When sunlight reaches the surface of the Earth. scientists recognized that carbon dioxide levels were increasing. this is what we call the greenhouse effect. human activities have led to an increase in the amounts of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere which is now trapping too much heat. At this time people began to use fossil fuels extensively. The scenario of global warming also intensify the effects of El Nino. increasingly threatened by human disasters occur frequently. Greenhouse gases trap heat in the troposphere. and the global warming they cause affects the Earth's climate systems. El Nino will affect the global climate resulted in some parts of drought and flooding some more. This causes the carbon dioxide content increases. what is considered the 6 . Hurricanes. but in recent decades. nitrous oxide and fluorinated gases and extra quantities of this are released into the atmosphere as a result of burning fossil fuels as a source of energy in power stations. In the latter part of the twentieth century. droughts and diseases related to the environment grew increasingly frequent and widespread threat. This is especially true of carbon dioxide. The greenhouse effect is a phenomenon that occurs as a result of air pollution.OUMH2103 PART B Over the past 10 years. especially in respect to drought and flood. In fact. the part of the atmosphere where weather occurs. floods. Plants serve to remove some of the carbon dioxide from the atmosphere by absorbing it through their leaves. However. History of the greenhouse effect began in the days of the Industrial Revolution. it continues to add up which then warms up the Earth. as large areas of forest are being felled and have been felled in the Amazon and elsewhere. less carbon dioxide is removed in this way. It is effect increases the temperature of the Earth by trapping heat in our atmosphere. the more heat stays on Earth. Since some of the heat can't escape into space. The use of fossil fuels such as coal and oil from cars and lorries has pushed the levels of carbon dioxide beyond 350 parts per million. Greenhouse gases that are in the atmosphere absorb and then redirect some of this heat back towards the Earth. trees take in carbon dioxide to use during photosynthesis. methane. Carbon dioxide was produced by natural processes such as animals exhaling and eliminated through natural processes for example.

Six billion people now use the earth's natural resources by excessive and uncontrollable. mainly carbon dioxide. This trapped heat will raise the temperature on the surface of the earth. The greenhouse effect occurs because the trapping of heat by greenhouse gases. Ecosystem resources have been used to the maximum level of overfishing and destroying large areas of forest. Educating is not to make them anxious but ask them to act correctly and accurately. 2004 and the floods in Johor is the best lesson. This trapped heat will raise the temperature on the surface of the earth. Result of global warming has a direct impact on the earth and living capital. humans will become extinct.Sejarah greenhouse effect began in the days of the Industrial Revolution. sulfur dioxide and oxides nitrogen.Kesedaran Malaysians and the world community generally difficult increased. Monsoon conditions will change at all because we will receive more rainfall during the northeast monsoon. This causes the carbon dioxide content bertambah. At this time people began to use fossil fuels extensively. This then will trap heat. AIA will also force animals and plants on land to move to new habitats. causing a larger amount of carbon dioxide to remain in the atmosphere. Global warming will threaten plants and animals. This then will trap heat. Earthquake December 26. Greenhouse effect (greenhouse effect) is associated with a warming effect on the earth's atmosphere.OUMH2103 upper safety limit when burning fussiel fuel. Dilution effect of the block icebergs that have produced the phenomenon of rising sea levels and changes also threaten agricultural productivity and harvest. extinction as scientists showed an increase of 7. 7 . The earth then emits this energy as heat waves and absorbed by air. But mining. which means more events banjir.Gas these gases act like a blanket that will allow heat in. Wave through the air sunlight absorbed by the Earth. If global warming continues. concluded that the greenhouse effect is a phenomenon that occurs because of air pollution. The greenhouse effect occurs because the trapping of heat by greenhouse gases.0 meters above sea level in low-lying areas such as the Kuala Muda (Orissa) and the state will be flooded. Among the several types of greenhouse gases that are commonly found are carbon dioxide. Only 3/10 of Malaysians concerned about environmental issues. fossil fuel consumption and an increasing population have broken that balanced cycle. These gases act like a blanket that will allow heat in.

com/id/6662932 http://news.msn.com/science/environment/global-warming/gwcauses.msn.html 8 .com/id/6662932 http://science.com/news/2007/12/071212-AP-arctic-melt.wikipedia.nationalgeographic.msnbc.OUMH2103 RUJUKAN / REFERENSI http://en.org/wiki/Global_warming http://www.html?nav=FEATURES http://www.msnbc.nationalgeographic.