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Dear CERES/RASP Alumni, Greetings to all of you. It’s been some time since we last sent you a newsletter, and it has indeed been an eventful time for CERES on the personnel front. Jennifer Long, who for a decade was such an important and integral part of CERES, moved upstairs—both figuratively and literally—last year to become the Associate Dean for Finance in SFS. We were very sad to see her go, but fortunately she is nearby, we continue to work together and she still teaches in the program. We were very lucky to hire Dr. Benjamin Loring- whom some of you know from his time here as a post-doctoral fellow in Central Asian studies- as our new Associate Director. And, of course, CERES is fortunate to have two of our alumni, Christina Watts and Eugene Imas, doing such great work for the center. Last year, we hired Dr. Kathleen Smith and Dr. Dennis Deletant as Visiting Professors in CERES and look forward to having them with us for a few years. I continue to teach the capstone seminar and each year learn so much from the research projects—which you can now view on our YouTube channel SFSCERES. I am also co-chairing with Professor Jeffrey Anderson a university initiative on the future of area studies. With the government cutbacks for area studies, Congressional skepticism about funding Title VI centers and uncertainty about future support, we hope to highlight why area studies has continuing relevance and to showcase the achievements of our graduates. We may even ask you to write to your local representatives to strengthen this point. In the next year, we plan to make this a national conversation and hold a major conference at Georgetown on area studies. In addition to teaching, I have continued my active research agenda. My book, The Limits of Partnership: US-Russian Relations in the Twenty-First Century will be published by Princeton University Press in January. In it, I detail the four “resets” since the Soviet collapse and why they
have only had limited success. I enjoyed writing the book and interviewing American and Russian officials for it and even managed include Edward Snowden in the text. But at some point I just had to hand the manuscript in. CERES will be doing a book event in the spring, to which those of you who live here will be invited.
We had had some outstanding events this past year, which are discussed below. Highlights included Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili’s address, the dedication of the Vaclav Havel memorial, a series of talks by ambassadors from the countries of Eurasia, and two major conferences—Energy and Security in Eurasia and The South Caucasus and Iran. In addition to these large events, our brown bag series enables students and faculty to listen to a variety of views on issues of interest and concern to all of us. As you know, these are difficult times for academia in general and area studies in particular. We take pride in our graduates, many of whom have found employment where they can use the knowledge and skills they acquired at CERES. We encourage you to come and visit us and to take part in alumni events. And we are grateful for any support you can give us so that we can continue to offer future students the opportunities you all had. With best wishes for the holiday season. Best wishes, Angela Stent
In This Issue
Message from Associate Director.................2 Event Highlights...........................................3 Capstone Topics from 2013...........................9 CERES News.....................................................11 Faculty Publications..................................13 Alumni Updates..............................................15
Greetings from our New Associate Director
Dear CERES/RASP Alumni, The last year has been a fascinating and transformational learning experience as I have become re-acquainted with the CERES community. In 2008-9, I was the postdoctoral fellow in Central Asian studies, and I was delighted to return in August 2012 to a university and a program that I remembered so fondly. Since then, I have profited from the guidance of my predecessor, Dr. Jennifer Long, who (as many of you know) has become the SFS Associate Dean for Finance and Administration and now sits just two floors above us in the ICC. The fall semester is off to a good start. We are
Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign service
pleased to welcome 16 incoming students to the M.A. program who come from a range of backgrounds and with a wide variety of interests. Second-year students have returned from summer travels, internships, and language study as a smaller group: one of them is on a Fulbright fellowship and, for the second year in a row, two CERES students are on Boren scholarships. We successfuly completed our South Caucasus and Iran Conference on October 30th and we look forward to the 24th Annual Navai’i-Nalle Lecture on Central Asian Affairs in early February. Plans are also still in the works for an upcoming alumni appreciation event. We hope that you will join us for these and be sure to connect with us through our alumni groups on Facebook and LinkedIn. All the Best, Benjamin Loring
Farewell from Jennifer Long
I hope the newsletter finds you well and enjoying fall! I can’t believe it’s been over a year since I left CERES and I’m glad that I’ve been able to keep in touch with many of you. My new position as Associate Dean for Finance and Administration in the School of Foreign Service allows me to continue to work closely with CERES and keep up-to-date about the many exciting things happening in the program. It was fun for 10 years to be involved in those activities! I hope to see you at CERES events and will take this opportunity to encourage you to send in your updates, make sure CERES has your current information and support the program in any way you can. 2014 is CERES’ 55th anniversary and alumni participation in the Center’s efforts is crucial to ensuring the program’s success for many years to come.
Wishing you a wonderful holiday season, Jennifer Long, RASP, ‘90
Center for Eurasian, Russian and East European Studies Angela Stent, Director Benjamin Loring, Associate Director Eugene Imas, Program and Outreach Officer Christina Watts, Office Manager The CERES newsletter is a publication of the Center for Eurasian, Russian and East European Studies at Georgetown University. Please send all comments and contributions to: CERES Box 571031, Washington, DC 20057 tel: 202.687.6080; fax: 202.687.5829 email: email@example.com web: ceres.georgetown.edu
Highlight from Spring 2012
His Excellency Mikheil Saakashvili President of Georgia
Sponsored by the Center for Eurasian, Russian and East European Studies and the BMW Center for German and European Studies
February 2, 2012 – The President of Georgia told the university audience that his country has taken steps in the past 20 years to install a democratic society without corruption and catch up with Western ideals despite conflict with neighboring Russia. The reforms made in Georgia, he noted, included firing the police force and recruiting new officers, shrinking government agencies and bureaucracy by 90 percent to increase efficiency and reforming public sectors in energy production, education and health care.
“In the past [world leaders] thought corruption was cultural but they underestimated us.” - Mikheil Saakashvili
In response to Dr. Angela Stent’s question about the possibility of future rapproachment with Russia, President Saakashvili responded, “We are compatible with each of our neighbors – otherwise my small nation wouldn’t have survived in that environment.”
Highlight from Fall 2013
Former Foreign Minister of Russia Igor Ivanov Russian Foreign Policy in the 21st Century
Watch the video of the event on our YouTube Channel “SFSCeres”
“...Syria is likely to turn into a ‘failed state’ no matter who will run the place..” “There are many ideas about how to reform the UN...Unfortunately, the UN is often used for promoting short sighted interests of particular states or group of states. Or as a storage place, where you can deposit most complicated and hard to manage problems. Or as a PR outlet to make a nice speech and to score points within your domestic constituency.” “I have no doubt that, sooner or later, Russia and the United States will become partners in building a new system of international politics for the 21st century. But I would like to hope that this will happen in the very near future, as the price of delay may well be too high.”
Western myths about the Russian foreign policy: “Myth number one: Russia is an isolationist state.” “Myth number two: Russia is a global spoiler.” “Myth number three: Russia is turning to the East, away from the West.”
“I am not against NATO or any other US led alliance, I am only against these alliances trying to position themselves above the rest of the international community.”
Conference: Energy and Security in Eurasia
Watch the video of the conference on our YouTube Channel - “SFSCeres” Monday, April 8, 2013
Keynote Speaker: Daniel Yergin The opening keynote speaker, Daniel Yergin, was introduced by Angela Stent. Dr. Yergin set the stage for the CERES Energy and Security in Eurasia Conference by addressing the impact of shale gas and tight oil on the global energy market. He began by reflecting on some of the changes in global energy policy that have occurred since CERES’ last conference on the topic ten years ago. He had also mentioned how they had affected the writing of his new book The Quest: Energy, Security and the Remaking of the Modern World. (www.danielyergin.com) Ten years ago, global energy demand was heavily weighted towards the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) with less attention paid to the rest of the world. Today the world is witnessing a change in focus as energy demand increases in emerging and fast-growth markets and is flat or declining in many OECD countries. the past ten years. The momentum of the “nuclear renaissance” was stopped by the Fukushima accident in 2011. Now the picture is very mixed. China is committed to significant growth in nuclear energy, and France depends on it for over 75% of its electricity. Germany, on the other hand, has signaled an end to nuclear energy within its borders by 2022. Anti-nuclear sentiment is now a major issue in shaping Japan’s new energy policies Dr. Yergin focused on the global concern over energy availability, which is directly related to the expansion of shale gas and tight oil. Yergin stated that as late as five years ago there was a fear that the world would soon run out of oil and gas, as emerging markets like China put further stress on the global market. Today this fear has generally been assuaged due to new technologies and development of new sources. He cited the remarkable growth in U.S. oil output. While hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling have been around for decades, it was the recent fusion of these two technologies early in the last decade that has changed the global energy market. Ten years ago the question facing the U.S. was how much natural gas it would have to import; now the question is how much the U.S. should export. Yergin noted that in 2008, U.S. natural gas output began to increase. Shale gas extraction has increased U.S. output and now accounts for 37% of total production. The shale gas and tight oil industry now supports 1.7 million jobs, has increased the competitiveness of the U.S. economy, and is leading to companies reinvesting in U.S. manufacturing. The success of shale gas extraction led to efforts to apply the technology to oil extraction – very successfully in the United States. While the Russian government has been critical of shale gas, Rosneft and Lukoil have voiced interest in tight oil extraction. Yergin stated that he does not foresee shale gas and tight oil extraction making the U.S. completely energy independent. Rather, he sees that the U.S. will continue to become less dependent on imports, and with Canada providing a growing share of total imports. Yergin concluded his address by stating that these new forms of energy extraction will not go global quickly, but that the global pricing system will be affected by these new energy sources, especially if the U.S. becomes a major exporter of natural gas. Panel One: Prospects for Russian and Caspian Oil Environmentalism and renewable energy have evolved dramatically over the past ten years. Then, climate change had not really gained political traction, whereas today it is a major factor in energy policy around the world. Renewable energy has made dramatic strides in terms of growth and scale over the last decade, but immediate prospects in many countries are now hampered by economic austerity and reliance on government subsidies. Global attitudes towards nuclear energy have changed over Y The first panel discussion, chaired by Eugene Rumer, focused on the future of Russian and Caspian energy projects. Thane Gustafson discussed the challenges facing the Russian oil industry going forward. The sources of oil production inherited from the Soviet Union are producing less, and primary shareholders are now being asked to make their first large post-Soviet investment in extracting from new sources. The Russian oil industry faces a slew of challenges according to Gustafson, including its relationship to the government, unreformed tax codes, lack of diversity Y
within the oil sector, and very little foreign participation. The Russian oil industry is veering in two directions today. The shale gas and oil boom plays an important role in the conversation about Russia’s oil future. Russia’s initial reaction was enthusiastic as the country is estimated to contain a large amount of oil shale. There are still questions as to whether the deposits have matured into hydrocarbons and whether or not they are extractable. The other direction for Russian oil is the Arctic. The Arctic is a project for the future while shale is possible now. Gustafson said that Rosneft is at the center of Russia’s oil future and currently it is trying to pursue both directions. Brenda Shaffer spoke on Caspian oil exports and lessons that can be learned from energy developments in the region. Shaffer argued that the Caspian energy market matters and that the political jockeying of the 1990s was important. Political involvement is important to the security of supply, according to Shaffer. Energy affects politics and as such, it is logical that politics should have a say in energy, opposed to the “let the market decide” attitude of many energy companies. Shaffer debunked the myth of peace pipelines, insisting that there is no precedent of their construction bringing peace to a region. She also criticized the idea that stability is needed to launch energy projects, stating that only a minimal degree of stability is required. Georgia will remain central to the region’s energy market, but its future stability and orientation remain to be determined. Shaffer concluded with her argument that the Caspian does matter because of its potential impact on oil price stability and possible liquefied natural gas (LNG) market if a global LNG market fails to materialize. Y Arctic is an area where Russia has a position of strength. Russia’s border and claims in the Arctic are incredibly large and it is positioned militarily to be able to better utilize the region than other states. Putin has expressed great passion about the Arctic’s energy potential but initial hopes have been confronted with harsh realities. Echoing Gustafson, Baev stated that the future of Russian energy policy is unclear and contains few guidelines. The hopes of Arctic oil being a quick fix due to shallow waters and close proximity to land were dashed as Russian oil firms discovered that Arctic oil was slow, expensive, and not the fix they needed. Russia has failed to expand its continental shelf claims due to the poor quality of its initial application and is falling behind other states on this matter. While Baev noted that Russia has shown it can be cooperative, he also argued that Russia is sliding into self-isolation, which will complicate cooperation in the Arctic and beyond. Lunch Keynote: Ambassador Carlos Pascual The lunch keynote speaker, Ambassador Carlos Pascual, was introduced by Diana Sedney of Chevron. According to Sedney, the U.S. government has been a vital partner for industry in dealing with Eurasian energy politics, and thus the selection of Ambassador Pascual as the keynote speaker is appropriate. Ambassador Pascual’s extensive diplomatic experience in energy-rich countries means that he understands the geopolitical importance of energy resources, and he has worked to make energy diplomacy one of the pillars of global security. Ambassador Pascual centered his keynote on the geopolitical implications of recent changes in the global energy industry, particularly with regard to Europe and Eurasia. He discussed three global energy revolutions.
Pavel Baev returned the conversation to the topic of Russian interests in the Arctic. Baev stated that the recent energy battle between Brussels and Moscow has made the Arctic an important theater for both sides. The Y
The first revolution is the changing demand for energy. In 2012, non-OECD countries for the first time accounted for a larger share of energy consumption than OECD countries, and the bulk of demand growth in the future will come from outside the OECD. As such, the balance of supply and demand in large developing countries will be a key determinant of world energy prices. It is thus in U.S. interests to help these emerging economies to satisfy their energy needs in order Y
to arrest the growth of world energy prices. Ambassador Pascual observed that the demand side in non-OECD countries is not a major part of U.S. energy diplomacy and must be deliberately incorporated to a greater extent in the years ahead. The second revolution is in energy production. The growth of oil production from shale formations in the U.S. and plateauing demand mean that domestic oil and gas resources will increasingly be able to satisfy U.S. needs. However, Pascual stressed, we should still care about the global energy market, since growing global demand and tight spare capacity mean that even small fluctuations in supply can dramatically affect world energy prices. Third, Ambassador Pascual discussed the radical changes in the global gas markets. In 2012, for the first time, the U.S. produced more electricity from natural gas than from coal. In large part, this is due to the rapid growth of shale gas production – from 1% of U.S. production in 2005 to about 35% in 2012. Other established gas producers are also likely to increase production in the years ahead, and new producers will also contribute to export growth. In terms of the geopolitical implications of the shale gas revolution, Pascual observed that gas imports to the U.S. have been redirected to Europe, which has created greater competition in the European gas market. Together with the anti-monopoly provisions of the EU Third Energy Package, this development is likely to lead to the emergence of a highly competitive European gas market in the coming years. After briefly addressing Israeli gas production, the Southern Corridor, Kurdish oil, and the Iran oil sanctions, Pascual noted that Russia has only just begun to react to the radical shakeup of the global energy industry over the past half-decade. Russia’s response will be particularly important in shaping the development of the East Asian gas market. Russia will play a major role in determining whether this market develops in a way that promotes competition or monopolistic point-to-point control. Ambassador Pascual concluded by reminding the audience that, while gas may be a bridging fuel to satisfy short-term energy demands, it is not a panacea for environmental concerns. One plausible scenario sees a 2 global temperature increase of 3½ degrees and a CO concentration of 650 parts per million by 2050. Natural gas has to be integrated with renewables in addition to serving as a bridging fuel while renewable energy sources become less expensive. Panel Two: Prospects for Russian, Caspian and East Y Y European Gas The conference’s second panel discussion, chaired by Jeffrey Mankoff, focused on the Eurasian gas industry. Matthew Sagers began his presentation by noting that recent developments in the global gas market mean that the traditional gas “superpowers” can no longer do as they please. Just a few years ago, Russia and the CIS were concerned that demand for gas would soon outstrip supply, but now such concerns are gone. Demand in Eurasia is likely to be flat in the medium-term future, while European demand is unlikely to grow significantly in the years ahead – which makes finding new export markets particularly crucial. Chinese demand, on the other hand, is growing rapidly, but for over a decade China has failed to reach any significant energy agreement with Russia. Thus, the essential problem is that the transition from conventional to unconventional gas has already taken place, yet the Russian energy industry – particularly Gazprom – has not yet made this transition. Within Russia, the share of non-Gazprom producers has reached 27%, versus 10% just a decade ago, and demand for Russian gas is flat. So what is the future of Gazprom? Domestic demand, Sagers noted, remains the largest “parking place” for Russian gas production, yet Russia faces the choice of continuing to subsidize low domestic prices or to allow those prices to rise in order to bring new revenues into the budget.
Theresa Sabonis-Helf discussed the future of energy security from the point of view of Central Asia’s rising gas suppliers. Since these countries are landlocked, Sabonis-Helf observed, point-to-point monopolies remain the norm. Indeed, only in 2007 was Central Asian gas first shipped out of the region through a route other than Russian pipelines. Sabonis-Helf argued that Central Asian gas producers have become increasingly strategic in terms of their use of gas exports to China for domestic development goals. Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan have both committed to being transit states in the Turkmenistan-China pipeline system, in return for Chinese assistance in developing their domestic gas infrastructure. The modernization of distribution networks in Central Asia, she concluded, should in turn have a significant environmental impact: it will reduce the emissions from the flaring of associated gas and allow Y
electricity production to switch from coal to natural gas. Jan Kalicki returned to the subject of Russia’s gas industry, beginning with the observation that Gazprom is facing increasingly severe domestic, regional, and global pressures. Domestically, Rosneft and Novatek are beginning to challenge Gazprom’s de facto monopoly. In the region, Gazprom no longer controls the transit of all natural gas produced in the former USSR. In Europe, Gazprom’s 25% share of the gas market has come under increasing pressure from LNG imports and shale gas, while the rise of shale gas has effectively killed the company’s plans to export to the North American market. In East Asia, Australia has become a major supplier of LNG, and many of the same obstacles that have obstructed Russian-Chinese energy cooperation over the past decade persist. It seems highly unlikely, meanwhile, that foreign investment terms and the competitiveness of the domestic Russian gas industry will improve significantly in the near future. Novatek, for instance, has been unable to break Gazprom’s export monopoly, though it is possible that Rosneft may succeed where Novatek has thus far failed. Kalicki noted in conclusion that these are “grim days” for Gazprom and for the Russian gas industry more broadly. Panel Three: The Geopolitics of Eurasian Energy The third panel, chaired by Fiona Hill, focused on geopolitical issues related to the Eurasian energy sector. Erica Downs began the panel with an overview of recent Chinese-Russian energy agreements. A series of nonbinding agreements has set the stage for increased oil, coal, and natural gas sales between the two countries. The agreements are mutually beneficial, as Russia seeks to diversify its international energy portfolio and China hopes to bridge the gap between domestic energy supply and demand. Y significant trade, Downs believes that the most recent group of agreements stands a better chance of implementation given the role of Chinese capital. The China Development Bank may help break the pricing impasse by offering loans that can be repaid with natural gas exports. This is part of China’s new approach to ending self-isolation by funding infrastructure projects in emerging economies. China hopes to create lasting connections with these economies through infrastructure projects, and seeks to avoid colonial criticism at the same time. Bobo Lo asked whether Russia was truly pivoting its foreign policy towards Asia. He argued that the pivot to Asia is more illusion than substance. Russia’s focus remains squarely on the U.S. and, according to Lo, Russia views China as a competitor for Western technology and trade. While Russia and China appear to be natural energy partners, Lo did not see the latest agreements breaking the cycle of disappointment that has plagued past energy pacts. China is Russia’s partner of last resort, and while Chinese capital may help to weaken Russian reluctance, China will never be Russia’s first choice. As for the geopolitical significance of the Sino-Russian relationship today, Lo named it as one of today’s most overrated notions. While the two countries may work or stick together on areas of agreement, they differ substantially in their views on many strategic issues, including their attitudes towards the U.S. While the two will work together when convenient, they do not pose a strategic threat to the West because the Sino-Russian relationship is not strategic, but rather a cynical partnership of convenience. Roger Kangas concluded the panel with a discussion of Central Asia and the U.S.’s dwindling presence in the region. Kangas began his talk by saying that we can no longer view the region as one uniform bloc deserving of a single policy, because each Central Asian state has adopted unique economic and foreign policies. These differences include each state’s relationship with China, the U.S., and Russia. The major challenges facing foreign investors in Central Asia, according to Kangas, are financing, poorly developed legal structures, environmental concerns, and security requirements. The U.S. is falling behind in the race due to security challenges. If the U.S. exits Afghanistan and austerity continues, Kangas believes, American chances in Central Asian will dwindle quickly. And while the U.S. has voiced interest in the region for the past twenty years, these obstacles may be too much for American investors, leaving Central Asian states with a choice between China and Russia.
While many past agreements have not resulted in Y
Watch Capstones on our YouTube Channel - “SFSCeres”
Capstones from Spring 2013
Scott Bohn: US-Russian Civil Nuclear Cooperation Emma Cobert: Entrepreneurship in Poland
Brendan McElroy: Regional Regime Diversity and Social Policy Priorities in Russia
Malina Dumas: Development Without Borders: The Role of the Moldovan Diaspora in Moldova’s Post-Soviet Transformation
Asher Curry: Lessons from Tskhinvali: The Impact of Russian Military Reform Matt O’Brien: Russians in Strasbourg: The European Court of Human Rights and the Framing of Social Rights in Russia Sarrah Bechor: A Crisis in the Caucasus: The Wider Regional Implications of the Iranian Nuclear Crisis for the States of the South Caucasus
Jessica Sims: Arriving at Imrali: Identity and Foreign Policy in the Modern Turkish State
Watch Capstones on our YouTube Channel - “SFSCeres”
Capstones from Spring 2013
David Brosnan: Russian Concepts of Armageddon
Martha Beard: 21st Century NationBuilding in Abhazia and South Ossetia
Ross Irons: A State Within a State: The Evolution of Tatarstan’s Sovereignty within the Russian Federation Jill Tetirick: Russia’s Northern Sea Route: an expensive nonstarter
Eric Swinn: Politics or Profits: Competing Mandates in the Russian Natural Gas Sector
Beth Sullivan: Prospects for Regional Cooperation in Central Asia Nina Jankowicz: Poland-Russia and the Eastern Partnership
Bree Swineford: Best Frenemies: ...Moscow & Jerusalem
CERES Launches Educational Resource Website www.guceresresources.org
As part of CERES’ Title VI K-12 outreach program CERES has successfuly launched guceresresources. org. The website hosts many different outreach and educational materials. The two main sections of the website are country portals and themes. The country portals cover the 33 countries that are part of the CERES program. Each page acts like country starter-kit for students and educators and is filled with country specific links connecting the user to leading newspapers (English and local), official websites, leading experts, literature, country profiles, our country-in-a-box program (collections of cultural items), travel and even entertainment. The themes section of the website covers specific topics such as profiles of African Americans in Russia/ USSR; Diplomacy in Crisis interactive timelines covering the 2008 Russia-Georgia War and the Cuban Missle Crisis; Russian/Soviet Animation and Film; and a profile of the late Jan Karski, Polish World War II hero and later Georgetown Professor. The themes are all accompanied with activities, bibliographies and example lesson plans. The site is still in its early phase and CERES plans to improve and expand its capabilities. Y
CERES gets a new look!
Azerbaijan Studies Group with Professor Brenda Shaffer
CERES is pleased to announce the establishment of Georgetown’s Azerbaijan Studies Group. The group will meet on a monthly basis and will serve as a forum for cooperation for academic researchers and practitioners that focus on the study of Azerbaijan. The meetings will be held at Georgetown University and will host guest lecturers. The group will be chaired by Professor Brenda Shaffer. Applicants wishing to join the group should send an email to Mr. Eugene Imas at firstname.lastname@example.org with an attached word document that includes the applicant’s name, full contact information, current study program/ year and/or professional institution and position, and up to ten lines of biographic information that pertains to the applicants engagement in the study of Azerbaijan. Applicants are welcome from all academic disciplines and/or from institutions in both the public and private sectors.
Kathleen (Kelly) E. Smith received her PhD in Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley. Smith is the author of two books dealing with the intersection of history, collective memory, and politics--Remembering Stalin’s Victims: Popular Memory and the End of the USSR (1996) and Mythmaking in the New Russia: History and Politics in the Yeltsin Era (2002). A visiting professor at Georgetown University, Smith is currently writing a political, social, and cultural history of the tumultuous year 1956 in Russia.
Kathleen Smith is CERES’ New Visiting Professor of Post-Communist Studies
Dennis Deletant was formerly Professor of Romanian Studies at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College, London, where he taught between 1969 and 2011, and held the same position at the University of Amsterdam (on secondment from UCL) between 2003 and 2010. He is the author of several monographs and volumes of studies on the recent history of Romania, among them Ceauşescu and the Securitate: Coercion and Dissent in Romania, 1965-89 (London; New York, 1996), Romania under Communist Rule (Bucharest, 1998), Communist Terror in Romania: Gheorghiu-Dej and the Police State, 1948-1965, (London; New York, 1999) and Ion Antonescu. Hitler’s Forgotten Ally (London: New York, 2006).
Dennis Deletant is CERES’ Ion Ratiu Visiting Professor of Romanian Studies
CERES Launches Photo Contest!
We have initiated a photo contest, which is active on our Facebook CERES group page. If you want to participate in the contest please contact Eugene Imas at email@example.com to send in your entries. If you want to vote, but have not joined our Facebook group, please search for the full CERES title (Center for Eurasian, Russian and East European Studies). Below are a few examples of some of our recent entries! A choir prepares to sing at t’bilisoba (Tbilisi harvest festival) - Georgia Y Tallin City Center - Estonia
Sunrise through the tunduk of a yurt - Kyrgyzstan
Old Man on his Balcony in Shkoder - Albania Plac Zamkowy - Poland
CERES Director Dr. Angela Stent publishes new book!
The Limits of Partnership offers a riveting narrative on U.S.-Russian relations since the Soviet collapse and on the challenges ahead. It reflects the unique perspective of an insider who is also recognized as a leading expert on this troubled relationship. American presidents have repeatedly attempted to forge a strong and productive partnership only to be held hostage to the deep mistrust born of the Cold War. For the United States, Russia remains a priority because of its nuclear weapons arsenal, its strategic location bordering Europe and Asia, and its ability to support--or thwart--American interests. Why has it been so difficult to move the relationship forward? What are the prospects for doing so in the future? Is the effort doomed to fail again and again? Angela Stent served as an adviser on Russia under Bill Clinton and George W. Bush, and maintains close ties with key policymakers in both countries. Here, she argues that the same contentious issues--terrorism, missile defense, Iran, nuclear proliferation, Afghanistan, the former Soviet space, the greater Middle East--have been in every president’s inbox, Democrat and Republican alike, since the collapse of the USSR. Stent vividly describes how Clinton and Bush sought inroads with Russia and staked much on their personal ties to Boris Yeltsin and Vladimir Putin--only to leave office with relations at a low point--and how Barack Obama managed to restore ties only to see them undermined by a Putin regime resentful of American dominance and determined to restore Russia’s great power status. The Limits of Partnership calls for a fundamental reassessment of the principles and practices that drive U.S.-Russian relations, and offers a path forward to meet the urgent challenges facing both countries.
Book will be out January, 2014
James Millward. The Silk Road: A very short introduction. Oxford University Press, (2013). The book is organized into six chapters that each take a different thematic approach to narrating aspects of silk road history from 3000 BCE to the 21st century, collectively offering a kind of snapshot introduction to major conceptual approaches to world history writing. In the course of learning about the Xiongnu and the history of dumplings, then, the reader simultaneously gets a crash course in environmental, political, bio-cultural, technological, and artisanal historiographies. Millward has filled the pages of this concise and very readable text with evocative (and sometimes very funny) stories, vignettes, and objects from the historical routes of Central Eurasia, weaving together the histories of lutes, horses, and silkworms with a sensitive and critical reading of the modern historiography of the Eurasian steppe. The planned U.S. withdrawal of military forces from Afghanistan in 2014 demands that the United States recast its foreign policy toward Central Asia. The war has provided a real for concrete cooperation with Central Asian States and even promoted some regional cooperation, but it has also skewed U.S. interests, not to ignore, but certainly to deemphasize the endemic problems of governance and corruption, as well as serious human rights violations. The scaling down of the military effort in Afghanistan creates an opportunity for the United Stated to review and likely rebalance its Central Asian policy, but it also has sparked regional fears of a near total U.S. disengagement that Central Asian elites believe will result in increased threats to their security, as well as diminish their sovreignty vis-a-vis major power, notably Russia and China. Y Milla Fedorva. Yankees in Petrograd, Bolsheviks in New York: America and Americans in Russian Literary Perception. Northern Illinois University Press (March 15, 2013). Yankees in Petrograd, Bosheviks in New York examines the myth of America as the Other World at the moment of transition from the Russian to the Soviet version. The material on which Milla Fedorova bases her study comprises a curious phenomenon of the waning nineteenth and early twentieth centuries—pilgrimages to America by prominent Russian writers who then created travelogues. The writers’ missions usually consisted of two parts: the physical journey, which most of the writers considered as ideologically significant, and the literary fruit of the pilgrimages. Until now, the American travelogue has not been recognized and studied as a particular kind of narration with its own canons. Arguing that the primary cultural model for Russian writers’ journey to America is Dante’s descent into Hell, Fedorova ultimately reveals how America is represented as the country of “dead souls” where objects and machines have exchanged places with people, where relations between the living and the dead are inverted. Thane Gustafson. Wheel of Fortune: The Battle for Oild and Power in Russia. Belknap Press (December 6, 2012) The Russian oil industry— which vies with Saudi Arabia as the world’s largest producer and exporter of oil, providing nearly 12 percent of the global supply—is facing mounting problems that could send shock waves through the Russian economy and worldwide. Wheel of Fortune provides an authoritative account of this vital industry from the last years of communism to its uncertain future. Tracking the interdependence among Russia’s oil industry, politics, and economy, Thane Gustafson shows how the stakes extend beyond international energy security to include the potential threat of a destabilized Russia.
Jeffrey Mankoff. The United States and Central Asia after 2014. CSIS Report (2013).
CERES Alumni: Where Are They Now?
Adnan Vatansever, PhD., has recently moved to London. After working in the energy sector and think tanks (Carnegie, and the Atlantic Council), Adnan decided to return to academia. He is currently a tenure track, Senior Lecturer at King’s College London Russia Institute. He teaches a class on Eurasian energy geopolitics and another one on economic policy-making in Russia.
Y currently serving as a consular officer in Karachi, Pakistan. Now a fluent Urdu speaker, she spends her days interviewing Pakistani citizens applying for visas to the United States and her evenings exploring the sights, sounds, and smells of Pakistan’s largest city.
Emily Stromquist, is working on the energy team at the political risk consulting firm Eurasia Group covering oil and gas in Russia and Central Asia. She is relocating to the London office this fall. Pavle Milekić, has been working for IFC investment operations in Moscow for the last two years, working on managing and processing investments in the banking sector in Russia and the Caucasus. He organizes and manages the due diligence of potential clients for IFC debt and equity investments. He is continuing to work on his goal of visiting every country in the former USSR, and now has only Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan left on his list. Brianne Todd, worked at the Near East South Asia Center for Security Studies as Research Associate and then Assistant Professor of Central Asian Studies. She is currently pursuing a PhD in International Relations at the University of St. Andrews.
Anita Kondoyanidi, is working on her dissertation in the History Department at Georgetown. Most recently, she published her article “Noblewomen, Courtesans, and Merchant Women: P. D. Boborykin’s Literary Photographs” in A Cultural Cabaret: Russian and American Essays in Memory of Richard Stites. In the fall of 2012, she presented her paper “Troubled Relationships: Bertram Wolfe and the Soviet Gorky Industry during the Cold War” at the annual conference of the Association for Slavic, Eurasian, and East European Studies (ASEEES) in New Orleans. The Royden B. Davis Fellowship, awarded to her in January 2013, will allow her to continue writing her dissertation, “Disillusioned Prophet: Maxim Gorky and the Russian Revolutions, 1917-1936” and teach her course “US-Soviet Engagements and the Cultural Cold War, 1917-1991” in the spring of 2014.
Jason P. Gresh, is in his third year as Assistant Army Attache at the U.S. Embassy in Kyiv and enjoying it thoroughly. He hopes to stay within the region during his next assignment. Christopher J. Mun, after working the last 3 years at Booz Allen Hamilton, Chris is moving to New York City to join Ernst & Young’s Advanced Security Center, in the Advisory practice. His new possition will be as a Senior IT Risk Consultant.
Claire Pogue Kaiser, is a Ph.D. candidate in Soviet history at UPenn. She just returned from a year of archival research in Tbilisi and is currently writing a dissertation that examines postwar Soviet nationality policies in Georgia. Zsofia Budai, joined the Foreign Service in 2010, has completed her first posting in Moscow and is Y
Daniel Miller, serves as a Program Officer for the U.S. Department of State’s Office of Cooperative Threat Reduction. Daniel supports two nuclear security teams that seek to prevent WMD expertise proliferation in the Former Soviet Union, and to promote nuclear security culture in
Y the civilian nuclear sector in the Middle East and Southern Hemisphere. Robert Fojtik, spent two years at The Cohen Group advising defense contractors on international markets and the military. Currently, Robert is joining the Office of Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes at the US Department of Treasury as a Policy Adviser. Robert’s work will focus on developing strategies with European and Eurasian partners to combat the flow of illicit funds to terrorist groups. John K. Yi, is currently in Los Angeles working for an education reform non-profit called Parent Revolution as the Regional Advocacy Director. His job is to travel to different states in the country to work on parent empowerment legislation. Kole Kurti, worked for a university professor in Albania after graduating and also wrote a novel set in Albania. He is currently planning on relocating to DC this fall. Gadir Shiraliev, returned back to Azerbaijan where he has turned to business. He currently heads a project that is building a brick plant in Kazan, Russia and in Ukraine. In addition, he will be traveling to Africa soon in order to explore the opportunities in the cement market there. He is also considering a becoming a part-time lecturer in one the local private universities in Azerbaijan.
of State, serving in Monterrey, Mexico. Although she is public diplomacy-coned, this is her consular assignment, so she is usually in the throes of visa adjudications when she is not traveling around the country. She hopes to utilize her CERES expertise in future tours, but at the moment, she just hopes a stray Hungarian applicant will find his way into the consulate. Arfiya Eri, is currently an Associate at the Bank of Japan. She started at its International Department, where she worked as a member in the Japanese secretariat for the 2012 IMF/World Bank Annual Meetings in Tokyo. She worked on the content of BOJ’s senior-level official remarks at the meetings, coordinated events, meetings, and seminars with foreign delegations, and co-authored an official report on a BOJ-World Bank workshop on small and medium-sized finance in emerging market economies. After the Annual Meetings, she was assigned to the Bank’s Sendai Branch, located in a region hit hardest by the Great East Japan Earthquake, where she currently researching and reporting on the region’s economic recovery from the earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear power plant accident in 2011.
Ross Irons, after graduation Ross spent a month traveling and visiting other CERES alumni in Tbilisi, Georgia. Ross accepted a positiong with the IMF’s Institute for Capacity Development as a staff assistant. He will be doing work in both English and Russian and is very excited about this opportunity and sees it as a spring board for future work in international organizations.
Matej Kenda, is currently working as Compliance and Government Relations Manager (Russia and Eurasia) for Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold. His work of coordinating government and community outreach for Freeport’s exploration projects takes him all across the CERES region, including the Balkans and Far East Russia. Devon Dal Col, is working as a Media Analyst at ExxonMobil’s headquarters in Irving, TX as a part of the corporate media team within public and government affairs. She is loving being a citizen of Texas after years of living in DC. Emma Nagy, is in the midst of her first tour as a Foreign Service Officer for the U.S. Department Y
What have you been doing since graduation?
Georgetown University’s Title VI National Resource Center
CERES is one of a handful of university centers competitively selected by the US Department of Education to conduct teaching, research, and outreach focused on Eurasia, Russia and Eastern Europe. The Title VI grant funds both academic year and summer Foreign Language and Area Studies (FLAS) Fellowships for students studying languages of the region; library support; curriculum and program development; collaborative relationships with universities abroad; faculty development; and programs that increase awareness of and knowledge about the region for the general public, businesspersons, the media, and K-12 educators. RESEArCH
•Library of region-specific books •Collection of feature and documentary films both from and about the region
•Faculty travel grants for research and resource gathering for course development
•FLAS fellowships to support the advanced study of regional languages
•Post-doctoral fellowship that cultivates and supports teaching and research in Central Asian studies
K-12 CUrrICUlUM DEVElOPMENt
•Semi-annual educators’ workshops on regional issues •Curriculum development and materials grants •“Countries in a Box” containing regional artifacts and materials available for loan for classroom use • Displays on regional issues and cultures
•Active and diverse public lecture series •Faculty experts
CERES Scholarship Endowment Fund. In 2006, CERES established the CERES Scholarship Endowment Fund to support the next generation of scholars and professionals devoted to the study of Eurasia and eastern Europe. Your contribution to this effort will help fund future full-tuition scholarships for the most competitive students in the field. To donate to the CERES Scholarship Endowment Fund, complete this form and return it with your check or credit card donation to: CERES Scholarship Endowment Fund Center for Eurasian, Russian and East European Studies (CERES) Georgetown University Box 571031 Washington, DC 20057-1031 Or to donate online, visit: http://giving.georgetown.edu (Under designation, choose School of Foreign Service and then Eurasian, Russian and East European Studies)
Please fill out and include with your kind donation, thank you. __ Yes, I wish to support the CERES Scholarship Endowment Fund _______________________________________ Last name, First Graduation Year _______________________________________ Address _______________________________________ City State Zip __$1,000 Enclosed is my contribution of Other Amount: $____ __$500 __$250 __$100
__ Check (payable to Georgetown University) __Visa __MasterCard __Amex __Discover
_____________________________________ Card Number Exp. Date (mo/ye) _____________________________________ Signature
Georgetown official transcripts are issued free of charge to graduates of Georgetown University degree-granting programs. More information is available at http://www.georgetown.edu/registrar All Georgetown alumni are encouraged to keep an official Georgetown email address, which is (your NetID)@georgetown.edu. In order to do this, please visit the NetID website at http://www. georgetown.edu/admin/id and select the option “Review or change your e-mail routing” under Services for Students. You will need to know your NetID and NetID password.
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