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COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
ACADEMIC YEAR 2011- 2012 / ODD SEMESTER
SUBJECT CODE/NAME: EE1301-ELECTRICAL MACHINES – II YEAR / SEM: III / V
UNIT – I SYNCHRONOUS GENERATOR PART –A (2 MARKS)
1. State the type of synchronous generator used in hydro electrical power station. 2. Name the main parts of synchronous generator. 3. Write down the EMF equation of Alternator. 4. Define regulation of Alternator. 5. Name the different methods of determining the voltage regulation of synchronous generator. 6. What is the speed of a 4 pole 50Hz Synchronous machine? 7. State the other two names of AC generator? 8. Define Synchronous speed. 9. What are the components of synchronous impedance? 10. How can a DC generator be converted into an alternator?
1. Find the no load phase and line voltages of a star connected 3 phase, 6 pole alternator which runs at 1200 rpm, having flux per pole of 0.1wb sinusoidally distributed. It’s stator has 54 slots having double layer winding. Each coil has 8 turns and the coil is chorded by 1 slot. (16) 2. The open circuit and short circuit readings for a 3 phase, star connected 1000kVA, 2000V, 50Hz, synchronous generator are: Field 10 20 25 30 40 50 amperes OC 800 1500 1760 2000 2350 2600 terminal voltage(V) SC 200 250 300 armature current(A)
KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, PUNALKULAM 1
Explain the procedure for POTIER method to calculate voltage regulation of alternator (16) 9. (16) 3.8pf lagging and 0. (16) 5. On short circuit a field current of 5A was necessary to produce full load current.8pf leading. PUNALKULAM 2 .8pf leading. A 3 phase. What are the methods of determining regulation of alternator? Discuss each briefly (16) 8.2Ω per phase. Find the frequency. 3phase star connected alternator has a full load current of 100A.II The armature effective temperature is 0. (a) Describe the principle and construction of slow speed operation generator with neat diagram (8) (b) Derive the emf equation of alternator.04wb and is sinusoidally distributed. Draw the characteristics curves and estimate the full-load percentage regulation at 0. phase emf and line emf.ELECTRICAL MACHINES . The flux per pole 0. The resistance between a pair of terminals was 0. prove the d-axis synchronous reactance (16) Xd. Find the full load regulation at UPF and 0. The armature resistance was 0.8pf lagging (2)0. the open circuit voltage was 900V. Explain the condition for parallel operation of 3 phase alternator with neat diagram (16) KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING. can be obtained from its OCC and SCC. Draw the phasor diagrams. The coil span is 160ο electrical. The speed is 375 rpm. A 3300V.EE1301. 50Hz star connected 2000kA for a certain field excitation. (16) 4. (16) 6.12 Ω. A 3 phase 16 pole alternator has a star connected winding with 144 slots and 10 conductors per slot.8 Ω/phase. 10. The emf on open circuit for the same excitation was 900V. Determine the full load voltage regulation for (1)0. (8) 7. Neglect armature resistance.8pf lagging. For a salient pole synchronous machine. With the same excitation.
A 75 kW. Derive the mechanical power developed per phase of a synchronous motor (8) (8) (8) (8) (8) (8) (16) 6. A synchronous motor having 40% reactance and negligible resistance is to be operated at rated voltage at UPF. Discuss the following (i) Constant excitation circle (ii) Constant power circle 5.3 phase synchronous motor running at 1500 rpm has its excitation kept constant corresponding to no-load terminal voltage of 3000V. (8) (b) Explain various torques associated with synchronous motor. What are V-Curves? 7.II UNIT.04Ω and 0. (16) 7. What is synchronous capacitor? 4.EE1301. What are the uses of damper windings in a synchronous motor? 8. A 3300V. What are the different methods of starting synchronous motor? PART-B 1.6pf lead. (b) Explain the significance of V and inverted V curves.II SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR PART –A (2 MARKS) 1. 0. Explain the working of synchronous motor with different excitations (b) List out the main characteristic features of synchronous motor. 3.8pf lag. KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING. 3 phase. 4 pole. 3.400V. What is hunting? 6. (a). (a) Draw the equivalent circuit and phasor diagram of a synchronous motor. PUNALKULAM 3 . 4. power factor and torque developed for an armature current of 250A if the synchronous reactance is 5 Ω per phase and armature resistance is neglected. What will be the pf when the synchronous motor is operated at under excited conditions? 10. Explain why synchronous motor has no starting torque.8pf lead and 0.ELECTRICAL MACHINES . Determine the power input. What are the values of induced emf.4 Ω respectively. Synchronous motor always runs at synchronous speed why? 5. What are the main parts of synchronous motor? 2.6pf lag. How do you operate the synchronous motor at any desired pf? 9.0. (8) 2. (a) Explain the methods of starting synchronous motor against high-torque loads.0. star connected synchronous motor has a resistance and synchronous reactance per phase of 0. (16) 8.
What is cogging? 10.A (2 MARKS) 1. State the difference between exact and approximate equivalent circuit.2 Ω and reactance of 22 Ω per phase. Assume an efficiency of 92. How the power factor of an induction motor varies when its load increases? PART B 1. Explain the construction and working of three phase induction motor. star connected synchronous motor draws a full load current of 80A at 0.III THREE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR PART.EE1301. The power input to the rotor of a 3 phase. Rotor copper loss per phase KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING. (16) 5. 6 pole induction motor is 80 KW . Motor Speed iii. (16) 10. The excitation is constant and corresponding to an open circuit voltage of 2000V. State the effect of rotor resistance on starting torque? 8.5%. A 2000V. Slip ii. A 6600V.3 phase.The rotor emf makes 100 complete alternations per minute. 4 pole.ELECTRICAL MACHINES . 50 HZ. If the stray losses of the machine are 3200w. Why an induction motor is called asynchronous motor? 7. (16) 3.8pf lead the open circuit emf per phase and gross mechanical power developed. PUNALKULAM 4 . Find (i) Emf induced (ii)Output power (iii) Efficiency of the machine. Name the two type of rotor of an induction motor? 2. For an armature current of 200A.Determine (i) power factor (ii) power input (iii) torque developed. The armature resistance is 2. What is Slip? 5. Mechanical power developed iv. Develope an equivalent circuit for three phase induction motor. List the application of slip ring induction motor? 6. (16) 2. Explain the power flow diagram and torque slip characteristics of induction motor.5 Ω/ph. (16) 9.3 phase. star connected synchronous motor runs at 1500rpm. What is the crawling of an induction motor? 9. How will you change the direction of rotation of three phase induction motor? 4. The resistance is negligible in comparison with synchronous reactance of 3. (16) UNIT .8pf leading. What is the principle of operation of induction motor? 3. Derive the torque equation of a three phase induction motor (16) 4.II Compute for full load 0. Find i.
find.10 pole . gave the test readings: No load test: 400 V. List the disadvantages of autotransformer starter. 1250W. (16) 2. 400 V IM. What do you mean by negative slip? PART B 1. (10) (b) A 3 phase. vi. 5. (6) 8. Determine the slip speed and slip.Draw a typical torque – slip curve and deduce the condition for maximum torque. i. 3. (16) 7. (16) UNIT. With neat diagrams explains the working of any two types of starters used for squirrel cage type 3 phase induction motor. find from the circle diagram. The ratio of maximum torque to full load torque. What is the function of starter? 2. (16) KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING.50HZ three phase star connected induction motor has slip ring rotor resistance per phase =0. Discuss the various starting methods of induction motors. (a) A 3300V. Derive the equation for torque developed by an induction motor . Name the different methods of electric braking. A 3ph.25 ohm . What are the advantages of DOL starter? 4.015 ohm and standstill reactance per phase =0. Speed at which the torque will be maximum iii.ELECTRICAL MACHINES .II v. PUNALKULAM 5 . What is eddy current loss? 8. Speed of the motor ii.IV STARTING AND SPEED CONTROL OF THREE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR PART-A (2 MARKS) 1.5 percent slip on full load . 50 HZ induction motor is running at 1440 rpm. 4KW. 4 pole. Is it possible to start 3 phase slip ring induction motor on load? 10.91 KW. 38A Draw the circle diagram If the normal rating is 14. Rotor resistance per phase if rotor current is 65 A Torque developed (16) 6. What is the disadvantage of dynamic braking of an induction motor? 7. What are the advantages of dynamic braking of an induction motor? 6. How does the slip vary with load? 9.If the motor runs at 2. 9A SC test: 150V.EE1301. the full load current and slip.
B 1. KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING. Explain in detail the slip power recovery scheme.II 3. Explain the various techniques of sped control of induction motor from rotor side control. Name the different classification of stepper motor? PART . What is the function of capacitor in a single phase induction motor? 4. 8. Explain the different speed control methods of phase wound induction motor (16) 4. Explain the various schemes of starting squirrel cage induction motor. Explain the speed control of 3 phase squirrel cage induction motor by pole changing. Why singe phase induction motor has low power factor? 7. What is stepper motor? 3. What happens when the centrifugal switch fails to close? 10. 6. Explain the operation of shaded pole induction motor with diagram. (16) UNIT .EE1301. (16) 2. Give the classification of single phase motors . 5. 7. (16) (16) (16) (16) (16) 9. (16) 10. What kind of motor is used in a mixie? 5. PUNALKULAM (16) 6 . How will you change the direction of rotation of a repulsion motor? 9.V SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS AND SPECIAL MACHINES PART.A (2 MARKS) 1.ELECTRICAL MACHINES .Explain any two types of single phase induction motors. Name the application of AC series motor. Explain the cascade operation of induction motors to obtain variable speed. Explain briefly the various speed control schemes of induction motors. In which direction does a shaded pole induction motor run? 6. Discuss the theory of star – delta starter. Explain the double field revolving theory for operation of single phase induction motor. 2. What do you mean by split phase motor? 8. (16) 3.
Develop equivalent circuit of a single phase induction motor ignoring core losses. Explain the principle of operation and applications of reluctance motor. (16) (16) (16) (16) KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING. (16) 5.ELECTRICAL MACHINES . Explain the construction and working of stepper motor.Mention its four applications. 8. 9. Explain the working principle of single phase induction motor . Explain the principle of operation and applications of repulsion motor and hysteresis motor. What is the principle and working of hysteresis motor? Explain briefly.EE1301. (16) 6.II 4. PUNALKULAM 7 . 7.
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