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START

IS THE STEAM TRAP OPERATING

MAKE SURE THE VALVES ARE OPEN

TEMPERATURE

COLD

FAILED IN THE CLOSED POSITION OR PLUGGED

HOT

SELECT THE SENSITIVITY FOR THE STEAM PRESSURE

SELECT TEST PROCEDURE FOR THE FOLLOWING

ON/OFF OPERATION

CONTINUOUS FLOW

I/B

TD

THERM

F/T

TEST STEAM TRAP PER ATTACHED SHEETS

RECORD RESULTS

The Ultrasound Company

14 Hayes Street Elmsford, NY 10523 USA 24 Hour Fax 914-347-2181 email Internet info@uesystems.com www.uesystems.com

Toll Free USA & Canada 1-800-223-1325

Tel. 914-592-1220

BASIC INVERTED BUCKET TRAP OPERATION - Normal Load (ON/OFF OPERATION) TESTER INDICATOR READING

CLOSED - NO DISCHARGE

Indicator at 0 on scale This shows the valve is closed and no steam leakage. Bucket up, valve closed on seat.

OPEN-DISCHARGING CONDENSATE

Bucket down, valve open FAILED OPEN - BLOWING LIVE STEAM

Indicator rises on scale to show the trap discharging condensate.

Indicator pegs on scale accompanied by a high hissing sound of steam passing through the open valve seat. Broken linkage, damaged bucket, badly worn valve & seat etc. -2-

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DETAILED INVERTED BUCKET TRAP OPERATION The operating characteristics of the Inverted Bucket trap vary according to the condensate load: 1. LIGHT LOAD The trap will dribble condensate without any distinct cycle. The indicator will show only a very slight back and forth movement at the extreme lower end of the scale.

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2. MEDIUM LOAD The trap will open and close intermittently with a distinct cycle.

3. HEAVY LOAD The trap will discharge condensate continuously. This is ususally observed at start up of equipment. If the trap does not catch up with the load and begin an intermittent discharge, this is an indication that the trap is undersized for the application. Continuously discharging under heavy load will register high on the scale and some back and forth movement of the indicator.

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4. LOSS OF PRIME Badly worn linkage preventing the valve from seating properly or loss of prime as a result of oversizing registers an erratic and rapid back & forth movement of the indicator accompanied by an audible metallic ringing noise caused by the bucket dancing inside the trap body.

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5. LEAKING STEAM As a result of wear, the valve will not seal properly allowing steam to leak through the seat. The indicator will not return to the 0 position and a slight hissing sound will be heard.

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BASIC THERMODYNAMIC TRAP OPERATION - Normal Load CLOSED - NO DISCHARGE TESTER INDICATOR READING

Disc valve closed on seat OPEN - DISCHARGING CONDENSATE

Indicator at the 0 position which shows the disc valve is closed.

Disc up, valve open

The indicator moves up on the scale to show the trap is discharging condensate.

FAILED OPEN - BLOWING LIVE STEAM

Worn disc and seat.

The indicator pegs on the scale accompanied by a high hissing sound of steam passing through the open valve seat.

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DETAILED THERMODYNAMIC TRAP OPERATION 1. LIGHT TO MEDIUM LOAD The trap operates with an intermittent cycle. The length of the cycle will vary in accordance with the condensate load. A Thermodynamic trap functioning properly will open and close with a distinct cycle.

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2. HEAVY LOAD The trap will discharge condensate continuously. This is usually observed at start up of equipment. If the trap does not catch up with the load and begin an intermittent discharge, the trap may be undersized for the application.

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Undersized or continuously discharging under heavy load will register high on the scale with some back and forth movement of the indicator. 3. CHATTERING OR RAPID CYCLE Wear of the disc valve and seat will cause the trap to operate with rapid cycle resulting in considerable steam loss. The trap should close between cycles for a period of at least 15 seconds. Any shorter period of closure indicates the need for replacement. 4. LEAKING STEAM As a result of wear, the disc valve will not seal properly allowing steam to leak through the seat. The indicator will not return to the 0 position.

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BASIC F&T TRAP OPERATION - Normal Load A CONDENSATE VALVE Continuous modulating discharge. No on/off cycle. TESTER INDICATOR READING

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Float moves up and down continuously. B AIR VENT

The indicator moves back and forth smoothly demonstrating the modulating effect of the float & valve continuously discharging condensate.

At pre-set temperature below 212oF the thermostatic element closes the Air Vent valve on the seat. FAILED OPEN - BLOWING LIVE STEAM (Condensate Valve)

1. Note the indicator reading 2. Take another reading on the pipe upstream of the trap. Air Vent is normal if: reading 2 is >/= reading 1 Air Vent is leaking if: reading 2 < reading 1

Indicater pegs on the scale accompanied by high hissing sound of steam passing through the open valve seat. Worn valve & seat, broken linkage, damaged float, etc.

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DETAILED F&T TRAP OPERATION The F&T trap discharges condensate continuously without any distinct on-off cycle. 1. LIGHT LOAD Continuous discharge of condensate under light load conditions will register a very slight modulating movement of the indicator at the bottom end of the scale.

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NOTE: Under extremely light load conditions at times there may be no apparent movement of the indicator, this is normal. 2. MEDIUM LOAD Under medium load conditions the modulating indicator will register higher on the scale than under light load.

3. HEAVY LOAD The indicator will register heavy condensate load by moving up to or at maximum scale indicating the trap is working at maximum capacity. This condition is ususally observed at start up of equipment. The trap should catch up with the load and the modulating indicator will begin to move down the scale. If the indicator remains at or near maximum scale, this would be an indication of undersizing.

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THERMOSTATIC TRAP OPERATION - Normal Load CLOSED - NO DISCHARGE TESTER INDICATOR READING

Bellows expanded, valve closed on seat. Indicator at 0 position. This shows the valve closed and no steam leakage. OPEN - DISCHARGING CONDENSATE

Bellows contracted, valve open. Indicator moves up scale to show trap discharging condensate.

FAILED OPEN - BLOWING LIVE STEAM

Worn valve & seat, failed open bellows or bimetal, etc.

Indicator pegs on scale accompanied by high hissing sound of steam passing through open valve seat.

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DETAILED THERMOSTATIC TRAP OPERATION

1. LIGHT LOAD The trap will operate intermittently. The indicator will register on the lower end of the scale.

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2. MEDIUM LOAD The trap will discharge continuously with the indicator modulating higher on the scale than under light load.

3. HEAVY LOAD The indicator will register a heavy condensate load by moving up to maximum scale demonstrating that the trap is working at maximum capacity. This condition is usually observed at start up of equipment. The trap should catch up with the load and the modulating indicator will begin to move down the scale. If the the trap has not caught up with the load, the indicator will remain at top of the scale, which could be an indication of undersizing.

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