PUMPS

&
PUMP PIPING
By,
Sandeep More
Associate Engineer
Piping Department
Date 4
th
Dec 2006
Contents Contents
Pump Pump
-- Introduction to Pumps Introduction to Pumps
-- Classiíication oí Pump Classiíication oí Pump
-- Industry Codes & Standards Industry Codes & Standards
-- Selection Criteria íor Pumps Selection Criteria íor Pumps
-- NPSl & Ca·itation NPSl & Ca·itation
-- Deíinitions Deíinitions
Pump Piping Pump Piping
Suction piping íor horizontal pumps Suction piping íor horizontal pumps
Discharge piping íor horizontal pumps Discharge piping íor horizontal pumps
Arrangements oí piping íor pump handling hot suctions. Arrangements oí piping íor pump handling hot suctions.
Side suction & side discharge pump Side suction & side discharge pump
Vertical In line pumps Vertical In line pumps
Vertical pump ,\et \ell pump, Vertical pump ,\et \ell pump,
Vertical Barrel type or Cane pump Vertical Barrel type or Cane pump
Multi Ser·ice pump Multi Ser·ice pump
Reciprocating pump Piping Reciprocating pump Piping
Metering Pump Metering Pump
Pumps in the 1ankage Area Pumps in the 1ankage Area
Auxiliary pump piping arrangement Auxiliary pump piping arrangement
Pipe ·ent & drain System Pipe ·ent & drain System
Pump Location & Arrangement Pump Location & Arrangement
Pump Surrounding Support Pump Surrounding Support
ntoduction 1o Pump : ntoduction 1o Pump :
Pump is a mechanical de·ice used to add kinetic and potential energy to a
liquid íor the purpose oí mo·ing it írom one point to another. 1his energy will
cause the liquid to do work such as ílow through a pipe or rise to a higher le·el and
Pump gi·es pressure to íluid passing through it and discharges the íluid to the
outside.
Deíinition :
Pumps are classiíied on the basis oí :-
· 1he applications they ser·e,
· 1he liquids they handle,
· Orientation & Construction
· No. oí stages, No. oí casings, 1ype oí couplings ,Rigid , llexible,
1) D,vavic
2) Di.¡tacevevt
Classification Of Pump :
namic Pumps :
In which energy is continuously added to
increase the íluid ·elocities within the machine
to ·alues greater than those occurring at the
discharge such that subsequent ·elocity
reduction within or beyond the pump produces
a pressure increase
isplacement Pump :
In which energy is periodically added by application oí
íorce to one or more mo·able boundaries oí any desired
number oí enclosed, íluid-containing ·olumes, resulting
in a direct increase in pressure up to the ·alue required
to mo·e the íluid through ·al·es or ports into the
discharge line
1, Classiíication by suction type :
- Single suction type
- Double suction type ,íor big ·olume pump,
2, Classiíication by the pump installation method :
- Vertical pump type
- lorizontal pump type
Other Classification :
Classification b structure and operation method :
Type
Classification
by structure
Classification
by operation metbod
$pecifics
lositi\e
displacement
pump
leciprocating
pump
- liston pump
- llunger pump
- Diapbragm pump
Tbis type of pump sucks in fluid tbrougb
reciprocating mo\ement of piston or plunger,
and discbarges fluid by pressing witb required
amount of pressure. lt is used wben bigb
pressure is required e\en tbougb tbe amount of
discbarge is small.
lotary
pump
- Gear pump
- $crew pump
- \ane pump
Tbis type of pump sucks in fluid tbrougb tbe
rotation mo\ement of rotor, and bas tbe
ad\antage of little pulsation due to tbe special
cbaracteristics in operation.
inetic pump
Centrifugal pump
- ladial flow
- \olute pump
- Mixed flow
pump
- Axial flow
pump
Tbis type of pump transfers energy to fluid
tbrougb centrifugal force by impeller rotation or
tbrougb tbe cbanges of size and direction of
section area of passage, and
con\erts \elocity energy pressure energy in \olute
cbamber or diffuser.
$pecial pump
- `et pump
- Gas lift pump
- Vesco pump
Tbis type of pump bas a efficiency and is not
used except for a special purpose.
evtrifvgat Pvv¡
A centriIugal pump transIorms mechanical energy Irom a rotating impeller into a
kinetic and potential energy required by the system.
Centriíugal Pump
lorizontal Centriíugal Pump
Reciprocating pumps :
W %hese are commonly used to move viscous liquids, inject chemicals or additives
into a system.
W #eciprocating pumps are used where a precise amount oI liquid is required to be
a delivered, also where the delivery pressure required is higher than can be
achieved with other types.
Reciprocating Piston 1ype Pump
orizontal & Vertical #eciprocating pump
#4tar, Pvv¡ :
#otary pumps are used to move heavy or very viscous Iluids such as
grease, asphalt, heavy Iuel oil and sometimes heavy crude oils.
Gear Pump
Screw Pump
merican Petroleum nstitute (P
. 6, Centriíugal Pumps íor Petroleum, lea·y Duty Chemical, and Gas Industry Ser·ices`.
2. 6¯4, Positi·e Displacement Pumps - Reciprocating`.
3. 6¯5, Positi·e Displacement Pumps - Controlled Volume`.
4. 6¯6,Positi·e Displacement Pumps ,Rotary,
5. 6¯¯. General Purpose Gear Units íor Reíinery Ser·ice`.
6. 68, Liquid Ring Vacuum Pumps`
¯. 682, Shaít Sealing Systems íor Centriíugal and Rotary Pumps`.
merican Societ of Mechanical Lngineers (SML
. B¯3.M, lorizontal Lnd Suction Centriíugal Pumps íor Chemical Process`.
2. B¯3.2M, Vertical In-Line Centriíugal Pumps íor Chemical Process`
Process ndustr Practices (PP
. RLSP¯3l-9¯, Speciíication íor lorizontal Lnd Suction Centriíugal Pumps`.
2. RLSP¯3V-9¯, Speciíication íor Vertical Centriíugal Pumps`.
ndustr Codes and Standards : Ref : GLMS P-G-2
Selection Criteria Ior Centrifugal, Reciprocating, nd Rotar Pumps
efinitions
. Casing, Axially Split - Pump case split parallel to pump shaít.
2. Casing, Radially Split - Pump case split trans·erse to pump shaít axis.
3. Diííuser -
Pump design in which the impeller is surrounded by diííuser ·anes where the gradually enlarging passages change
liquid ·elocity head into pressure head.
4. Double Acting - Liquid is discharged during both íorward and return strokes oí the piston.
5. Duplex - Pump with two plungers or pistons.
6. lead, Acceleration - Pressure change due to changes in ·elocity in the piping system.
8. Impeller - Bladed member oí rotating assembly oí a centriíugal pump which imparts íorce to liquid.
9. Net Positi·e Suction lead ,NPSl, -
1otal suction head in meters ,íeet, oí liquid absolute determined at suction nozzle and reíerred to datum
ele·ation, minus the ·apor pressure oí liquid in meters ,íeet, absolute. 1he datum ele·ation is the shaít
centerline íor horizontal pumps, the suction nozzle centerline íor ·ertical in-line pumps, and the top oí the
íoundation íor other ·ertical pumps.
. Net Positi·e Suction lead A·ailable ,NPSlA, -
NPSl in meters ,íeet, oí liquid determined by Purchaser íor the pumping system with the liquid at rated ílow
and
normal pumping temperature.
. Net Positi·e Suction lead Required ,NPSlR, -
NPSl in meters ,íeet, determined by Supplier testing, usually with water. NPSlR is measured at the
suction ílange and corrected to the datum ele·ation. NPSlR is the minimum NPSl at rated capacity required
to pre·ent a head drop oí more than 3° ,íirst stage head in multistage pumps, due to ca·itation within pump.
2. Recirculation -
Controlling the quantity oí ílow through a pump by bypassing discharge liquid back to suction.
4. Simplex - Pump with one plunger or piston.
5. Single Acting - Liquid is discharged only during íorward stroke oí the piston.
6. 1hrottling - Controlling ílow rate by reducing cross-sectional ílow area, usually by partially closing a ·al·e in the
discharge piping.
¯. 1otal Diííerential lead ,1Dl, - Pressure required in meters ,íeet, oí head that the pump must produce. 1he
head at the discharge pump ílange minus the head at suction ílange.
8. 1riplex - Pump with three plungers or pistons.
L1 POS1'L SUC1O HL (PSH
· 1he net positi·e suction head ,NPSl, is the absolute pressure iv e·ce.. 4f tbe tiqvia ra¡4r
¡re..vre that is a·ailable at the pump suction nozzle to mo·e the liquid into the eye
oí the impeller.
· 1he diííerence between NPSla and NPSlr is less than .3 .m at the time oí
checking ·endor data sheet | that is, NPSla- NPSlr ,.3 m,|,
decision on NPSl test shall be made according to Lngineering Speciíication SLS-
GA-2L and API 6.
· Pumps where diííerence between NPSlA and NPSlR is less than .6 meter are
not acceptable.
· 1he diameter oí the pump suction port is usually bigger than the discharge or exit
diameter in order to minimize the kinetic energy head entering the pump, because
this kinetic energy decreases the maximum suction liít and enhances ca·itation.
NPSl Required d
NPSlr okl
\here, l : Pump diííerential head
o : Ca·itation coeííicient oí 1homa
NPSl A·ailable d

NPSla ,P - P2, k --- - zP ¾l
Sp.Gr
\here, P : Pressure at suction liquid le·el ,Ľ,ķ,
P2 : Vapor pressure at suction temperature ,Ľ,ķ,
zP : Pressure drop in suction line ,Ľ,ķ,
l : leight between the normal liquid le·el and pump centerline ,m,
Pump Diííerential lead d

l ,Po- Ps, k----
Sp.Gr
\here, l : lead ,m,
Ps : Pump suction pressure ,Ľ,ķ,
Po : Pump discharge pressure ,Ľ,ķ,
Sp.Gr : Speciíic gra·ity at pumping temperature
C'11O
· Deíinition: Knocking due to íormation and subsequent collapse oí ·apor bubbles.
,Indication: Noise,
· Ca·itation is caused by the íormation oí ·apor bubbles in a high-·elocity, low-pressure
region and by the subsequent collapse when the bubbles mo·e to a higher pressure region.
· Ca·itation can cause excessi·e erosion and ·ibration.
· \ith moderate ca·itation in a centriíugal pump, the pump will sound as though it is
pumping gra·el or a slurry oí sand and gra·el.
· Se·ere ca·itation will cause the discharge pressure to íall and become highly erratic and
produce both ílow and pressure pulsation.
Cavitation occures due to :
· Pump ca·itation can result írom insuííicient a·ailable NPSl
· ligh pump-suction ·elocities and long piping increase pressure íluctuations in the
pump.
· Vacuum systems seem more prone to unpredictable ca·itation than pressure systems.
Methods to avoid Cavitaion:
NPSla ,P,suction, - P,saturation, ·~ NPSlr
Increase NPSla by
- Increase pressure at suction oí pump
- Decrease liquid temperature
- Reduce head losses
- Reduce NPSlr ,Depends on Impeller inlet, Impeller design,
Pump ílow rate, impeller speed, type oí liquid,
PUMP PIPING PUMP PIPING
Suction Piping for Horizontal Pumps :-
Line Size :
Suction piping is one or two line sizes larger than the pump suction nozzle size.
Flexibility of Suction Lines Flexibility of Suction Lines
· Piping ílexibility aííects pump location.
· Pump suction lines should be as short as possible, but with enough ílexibility. Pump suction lines should be as short as possible, but with enough ílexibility.
· · Ií possible , do not o·erlap the pump and pipe support íoundations, as it causes Ií possible , do not o·erlap the pump and pipe support íoundations, as it causes
structural design problems in combining íoundations. structural design problems in combining íoundations.
Suction Line Iittings Suction Line Iittings ::
· · Reducers should be as close as possible to the pump suction nozzle so that Reducers should be as close as possible to the pump suction nozzle so that
pump suction will not star·ed. pump suction will not star·ed.
· · Use Lccentric reducer with llat Suríace up. ,lSU, Use Lccentric reducer with llat Suríace up. ,lSU,
· · Always use long radius elbow. Always use long radius elbow.
Air pocket íormed along upper side oí pipe by concentric
reducer.
Strainers : Strainers :- -
· · Strainers will be located between pump suction block ·al·e and pump. Strainers will be located between pump suction block ·al·e and pump.
1ype oí strainer 1ype oí strainer
, 1emporary strainer , 1emporary strainer
2, Permanent strainer 2, Permanent strainer
onical strainers onical strainers are longer than the basket type. are longer than the basket type.
1hese are used on suction lines 2` and larger. 1hese are used on suction lines 2` and larger.
lor lor basket and conical tpes basket and conical tpes a remo·able a remo·able
spool piece must be pro·ided downstream oí spool piece must be pro·ided downstream oí
suction block ·al·e suction block ·al·e
Flat strainers Flat strainers use with ·ery use with ·ery
short suction lines where no short suction lines where no
debris is expected debris is expected
athtub or tee type strainers athtub or tee type strainers as most as most
expensive , it does not require unbolting and expensive , it does not require unbolting and
removing spool piece to remove the strainer. removing spool piece to remove the strainer.
- tpe strainer to permit ser·icing oí the
strainer. Also, a blow-oíí connection may be
pro·ided in the end cap to ílush the strainer.
Block Val·e :-
· Suction line should ha·e positi·e shut oíí ·al·e, use gate ·al·e at the Up stream
oí strainer.
· Pump ·al·es are operating ·al·es, thus keep them as low as possible
Consideration of Cavitation
Ca·itation occurs when NPSlr is larger than NPSla. Ca·itation occurs when NPSlr is larger than NPSla. Ca·itation reduces the Ca·itation reduces the
períormance oí pump, causes ·ibration or noise and corrodes the materials. períormance oí pump, causes ·ibration or noise and corrodes the materials.
1hereíore, minimize pressure loss on pump piping and, care shall be taken to 1hereíore, minimize pressure loss on pump piping and, care shall be taken to
a·oid driíting on the nozzle. a·oid driíting on the nozzle.
Minimum required straight pipe on suction nozzle to pre·ent driíting Minimum required straight pipe on suction nozzle to pre·ent driíting
$uction type
lequired straigbt
pipe on suction
lemarks
End suction 2D · `D $ee figure 1.
$ide
suction
$ingle suction 2D and o\er
$ee figure
2-1 and 2-2.
Double suction
1JD and o\er or insertion of
rectifying plate
Top
suction
$ingle suction 2D and o\er
$ee figure `.
Double suction 1JD and o\er
D- Suction Nozzle Size
igure 1. End suction piping igure 2-1. Side suction piping
Or inserts rectiíying plate
,eccentric suction : 2D and o·er,
ligure 2-2. Side suction piping
Consideration oí
straight pipe at
suction side is not
necessary íor
straight-up or
straight down.
Single
Single suction
: 2D and o·er
Double suction
: D and o·er
igure 3. %op suction piping
Consideration oí air pocket on suction line
, Allow approximately ,2,5 oí slope on suction line toward suction resource
ií suction resource is lower than pump suction nozzle.
2, Allow ,2 and o·er oí slope on suction line toward pump at ·acuum tower.
,2 and o·er
3 , Ií gate ·al·e is to be installed on the line whose suction resource is located lower than the pump
suction nozzle, ·al·e stem shall be horizontal.
Suction piping on tower or ·essel :
Vortex breaker is installed on tower or ·essel nozzle connected to pump nozzle.
1pical rrangement rawing
1. PUMP SUC% LE
orizontal
Vertical
A, lorizontal ell directly into pump suction results in an unbalanced
thrust on pump bearings.
,B, Use spool piece 3 pipe diameters long or long radius ell with center
·ertical ·ane.
,C, May be installed with or without spool piece but 2 pipe diameters
spool is preíerred.
- Ilexibilit of pipe for pump alignment after piping
Iollowing diagrams indicate correct and incorrect methods of attaching suction
piping
Shows proper method oí connecting pump suction to a suction
header in order to a·oid air pockets.
Represents a common error made suction piping to a centriíugal
pump by placing piping o·er an embankment oí a reser·oir, or
other obstruction.
ischarge Piping for Horizontal Pumps :-
· Line Size :
Discharge nozzle size is normally smaller than the suction nozzle size.
· ischarge Line Iittings :
· Normally we use concentric reducers in the discharge.
· But ií a clearance problem comes up between the suction and discharge piping ,
then we use o eccentric reducer
· A pressure gauge is located in the discharge line, and should be upstream oí the check
and gate ·al·es
· Check 'alve is used in a pump discharge line to pre·ent backílow in to the pump
causing the impeller to turn backwards and possible ruining the bearings.
· Block valve Isolate the pump írom piping to pro·ide maximum access íor both in
place íor maintenance or remo·al.
Pump ischarge Line
1) 1 1/2 and Under
2) 2 and Larger
Use Swing / all %ype Check valve Use inged Ilapper Check valve
3) 4)
lor ligher line size 8` and abo·e
5)
Handling Hot suctions :
Ií ·essel suction nozzle is higher
\hen header going to the two pump
is at same ele·ation as suction nozzle.
1hese are used íor ·ery hot larger piping
Side Suction nd Side ischarge Pump Side Suction nd Side ischarge Pump (Ior utilit Water Lines
1hese are used íor large duty diííerential pressure and large bore lines, the pressure 1hese are used íor large duty diííerential pressure and large bore lines, the pressure
diííerence between the pump suction and discharge , and are usually multi diííerence between the pump suction and discharge , and are usually multi--stage pumps, stage pumps,
the liquid going through se·eral stages oí increasing the pressure beíore reaching the side the liquid going through se·eral stages oí increasing the pressure beíore reaching the side
discharge nozzle. No oí ells should be optimize allowable nozzle loading. discharge nozzle. No oí ells should be optimize allowable nozzle loading.
1he two 1he two--diameter pup can be eliminated ií the elbow írom the suction nozzle is diameter pup can be eliminated ií the elbow írom the suction nozzle is
horizontal. horizontal.
1his pump is horizontal split case .
1he top case can be remo·ed íor maintenance on
this type oí pump .
keep the top oí the pump clear.
'ertical n-Line Pumps : ( Hdrocarbon Services
1he main ad·antage oí this type oí pump is to
· Lliminate many stress problems
· Location when there is no íoundation required
· 1his type oí pump is mounted directly into the pipe line. lor smaller sizes, the piping
system supports the pump and motor.
· lor hea·y or Larger size in-line pumps íoundation will be required
'ertical Barrel 1pe or Can pump Dry well Pump ) : D Tank )
· 1his type oí pump is installed in cooling tower water circulating ser·ice, retention
ponds and suction is taken írom a sump below grade.
· In most cases, there is no suction piping to be considered, but the discharge line must be
routed to ensure good access íor pump maintenance
· Pumps can be used íor more than one ser·ice, such as pulling suction írom one
source and discharging to three diííerent locations or multi-ser·ice suction, which
using a pump íor more than one ser·ice.
Multi Service Pumps
Multi - Service Pumps :-
Reciprocating Pump Piping :
W 1hese lines should run close to the ground so that hold-downs can be used.
· Suction and discharge piping to positi·e displacement reciprocating pumps shall
contain hold down restraints on piping to minimize the potential oí pulsation
loading on pump nozzles should pulsation dampeners become inoperati·e.
· 1o minimize the damaging eííects oí water hammer and other impulse type loading
on pump nozzles, Use swing type check ·al·es in discharge lines in the
·ertical position abo·e rigidly supported elbows so that hammer loads may
be distributed to grade or steel.
Reciprocating Pump Piping
· 1hese pumps measured accurate flow rates that can be adjusted in operation to 1he
me provide a wide range oI varying Ilow rates.
· Metering system is to control liquid discharge under a variet of back pressure
conditions according to precise ·olumetric requirements.
· Since metering pumps permit little or no backílow, they are especially useíul íor
injecting liquids into containers or Ilow lines against high pressures.
Metering Pump :
Reciprocating Metering Pump
Installation oí Dampers and Back Pressure Val·e
Pulsation amper :
1he damper contains a diaphragm or bellows isolating the metered liquid írom an
air or gas padded chamber. its use eliminates hydraulic hammer, established more ía·orable
NPSl conditions on the inlet side oí the pump, and allows use oí smaller pipe size by
reducing peak liquid ·elocity and acceleration.
lor location oí pumps in the tank íarm area:
. Group together ií economical
2. Make accessible íor maintenance and operation
3. Locate outside oí dyke area
In the routing oí the suction lines, the preíerred method would be to drop írom
the tank to the pumps. A·oid a direct run írom the tank into the suction nozzle. 1his can
cause problems in o·erstress oí the pump connection.
Pumps in the 1ankage rea :
Support oí Piping In the tankage area, the supporting oí piping is normally by:
· Pipe sleepers
· lield supports
Many pumps ha·e auxiliary piping that is supplied by the ·endor or the engineering Many pumps ha·e auxiliary piping that is supplied by the ·endor or the engineering
contractor . contractor .
\hen pump íluid is used a line is attached to the ·ent connection on the pump case. \hen pump íluid is used a line is attached to the ·ent connection on the pump case.
1he circulated íluid must be sent back to the pump stream and return to the seal to 1he circulated íluid must be sent back to the pump stream and return to the seal to
pump internal clearances. pump internal clearances.
In ·iscous or high temperature hydrocarbon liquids the seal íluid medium circulates In ·iscous or high temperature hydrocarbon liquids the seal íluid medium circulates
írom an external source through connections on the pump seal . 1his medium may be írom an external source through connections on the pump seal . 1his medium may be
clean gas or oil . clean gas or oil .
In íig the cooling water in and out oí this particular pump is írom abo·e grade , In íig the cooling water in and out oí this particular pump is írom abo·e grade ,
howe·er many cooling water systems are below grade so the piping layout designer must howe·er many cooling water systems are below grade so the piping layout designer must
íind suitable location íor this connection. íind suitable location íor this connection.
uxiliar Pump Piping rrangement :
uxiliary Pump Piping
Pipe 'ent nd rain Sstem :
W Are provide to escape air or vapour trapped in the casing.
Seal Ilushing
PPL 'L1 R SS1LM IOR PUMP:
Install on the place where access is easy during the operation. Install on the place where access is easy during the operation.
Suííicient space shall be pro·ided at and around pumps to enable maintenance and
remo·al oí all internal and external parts.
1he minimum walkway clearance around pumps will be 2'-6`.
1he pump should be located as close as possible to the source oí suction. 1he main
reason íor this is to minimize pressure drop. 1his keeps line sizes and equipment
ele·ations to a minimum.
Minimum clearance oí 3'- is required between pumps, adjacent equipment,
íoundation or other obstructions.
Pumps should be located inboard oí o·erhead pipe rack as much as possible in order Pumps should be located inboard oí o·erhead pipe rack as much as possible in order
to sa·e the required plant area. to sa·e the required plant area.
Pump Location rrangement : Pump Location rrangement :
lor maintenance oí the pumps located under the pipe racks or steel structures, lor maintenance oí the pumps located under the pipe racks or steel structures,
maintenance beam or hook shall be planned upward oí the pump unless, maintenance beam or hook shall be planned upward oí the pump unless,
,, Access way oí maintenance ·ehicle is pro·ided under the pipe rack. ,, Access way oí maintenance ·ehicle is pro·ided under the pipe rack.
,2, Access oí automobile crane is possible. ,2, Access oí automobile crane is possible.
Maintenance space mm required around pump and without major disassembly. Maintenance space mm required around pump and without major disassembly.
Pumps shall generally be lined up in parallel with the pipe rack to maintain a Pumps shall generally be lined up in parallel with the pipe rack to maintain a
uniíormity oí location. uniíormity oí location.
Pump discharge points to be íixed in a line below pipe rack and to be about 5 mm Pump discharge points to be íixed in a line below pipe rack and to be about 5 mm
away írom pipe rack bay. away írom pipe rack bay.
In hydrocarbon or other ílammable íluid ser·ice, threaded construction shall not be
used íor piping connected to pump, including branch piping within 6 íeet oí pump
suction or discharge ílanges or through suction or discharge block ·al·es, which e·er
is greater. Socket weld unions are acceptable.
Pump Spacing Height of Pump foundation Pump Spacing Height of Pump foundation
Pump Spacing : Pump Spacing :--
Suction pipe size ,B, Suction pipe size ,B,
Pump spacing ,mm, Pump spacing ,mm,
leight oí pump íoundation : leight oí pump íoundation :--
leight oí pump íoundation shall be leight oí pump íoundation shall be 3mm írom ground le·el or íloor 3mm írom ground le·el or íloor
le·el ií it is on the pa·ing or inside oí building. But it shall be 3 le·el ií it is on the pa·ing or inside oí building. But it shall be 3 5mm íor the 5mm íor the
area where ílood is expected. area where ílood is expected.
Up to 2
1500 2000 2500 3000 4000
2 - 5 6 - 10 12 - 14 16 - 18
Others Others ::
, By , By--pass line which is installed on pump discharge line shall be routed without pass line which is installed on pump discharge line shall be routed without
pocket. pocket.
2, A·oid installation oí chemical or water supply line near the suction nozzle oí 2, A·oid installation oí chemical or water supply line near the suction nozzle oí
reser·oir so that air shall not be sucked in. reser·oir so that air shall not be sucked in.
Support regarding oí eccentricity oí pump : Support regarding oí eccentricity oí pump :
,, Support shall be installed so that pipe and ·al·e may not load on the pump nozzle. ,, Support shall be installed so that pipe and ·al·e may not load on the pump nozzle.
,, Support nozzle surroundings. ,But, do not exceed m.,
,2, Suction line and discharge line shall be supported respecti·ely.
Pump Surroundings Support :-
,3, Ií support is installed right close to suction or discharge nozzle, it shall be ,3, Ií support is installed right close to suction or discharge nozzle, it shall be minutely minutely
adjustable type so that centering can be con·enient. adjustable type so that centering can be con·enient.
,4, A support installed around suction or discharge nozzle shall be such a type that piping
can be remo·ed and pump can be dismantled easily.
Un-necessary support with respect to the load on pump nozzle :-
Although support would not seem to be necessary with respect to the load on pump
nozzle, indicate it on the drawing considering the temporary support oí piping during
the time oí pump maintenance.
%ÆW¾3 ÆWA

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