S UB S E A S Y S T E M S

Subsea Wellhead Systems
For deepwater and shallow-water applications

CAMERON TECHNOLOGY LEADERSHIP LEADS TO WELLHEAD ADVANCEMENTS

Cameron has a long history of product innovation, and
the evolution of the subsea wellhead product line is a
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Table of Contents
STM-15 Type DW5 Deepwater High-Capacity Subsea Wellhead System STM-15 Type XL5 Deepwater Large-Bore Subsea Wellhead System STM-15 Type XL7 High-Capacity Ultra-Deepwater Subsea Wellhead System Wellhead Connection Profiles STC-10 Compact Subsea Wellhead System Casing Hanger Seal Assembly Running Tools for STM Subsea Wellhead Systems High-Capacity Running Tools for STM-15 Subsea Wellhead Systems STM Parallel Bore Metal-to-Metal (PBM) Seal Optional Trip-Saving Running Tools Supplemental Hanger Systems for STM-15 and STC-10 Subsea Wellhead Systems STM Large Diameter Shoulder-Type Supplemental Hangers Innovation and Quality

prime example of the continuation of this heritage. Cameron’s experience in pressure control can be traced back to 1922 and the introduction of the first BOP. Other Cameron innovations through the years include the first subsea wellhead completion, introduction of the legendary U™ BOP, the first hydraulic production control system, the first guidelineless drilling system and the first free-standing drilling riser. In the late 1980s, Cameron introduced two new wellhead system designs – the STC-10™ and the STM-15™. Since then, nearly 1000 STC-10 and STM-15 subsea wellhead systems have been installed successfully throughout the world. More advances are on the horizon. As the industry moves forward, Cameron is here with the latest technology.
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Cameron systems have been installed at various water depths as well as in operating pressures up to and including 15. production manifolds and production controls systems.Present 1992 . and expansion of the field is ongoing with six additional installations scheduled for 2011.000 psi. Equatorial Guinea Development The offshore Equatorial Guinea development is located in water depths to 2400 ft (732 m). flowline connection systems. subsea Christmas trees.S UB S E A S Y S T E M S Cameron’s Wellhead History WS1 Subsea Wellhead WS2 Subsea Wellhead STC-10 Subsea Wellhead STM-15 Subsea Wellhead 5 To 1980 1980 .1988 1989 . The initial development included five STM-15 subsea wellhead systems with subsequent additions of two STM-15 subsea wellheads and completion systems. these systems consist of wellheads.Present Field EXperience Cameron’s wellhead systems are offered as part of our total subsea drilling and production systems. 3 . Installed in producing fields around the world. South China Sea Development The South China Sea development is located in approximately 2700-ft (823 m) water depths. The initial development included more than fifteen STM-15 subsea wellheads.

63” Bore 17.25 MM ft-lb bending capacity for enhanced performance for drilling and completion in water depths up to 10.83” Min. deep-draft caisson vessels and all types of subsea trees. 18.25 MM ft-lb bending capacity •  Standard and high-capacity 16” supplemental hangers and adapters are available •  Machined from F-22. 85 ksi yield forged material •  Available for H2S service •  7 MM lb end-load carrying capacity on singlelanding shoulder for deep wells with complex casing programs Cameron’s unique PBM metal-to-metal seal is standard in all 15.STM-15 Type DW5 Deepwater High-Capacity Subsea Wellhead System Cameron’s STM-15 Type DW5 15.000 ft (3048 m).000 psi WP Subsea Wellhead System delivers up to 5. ID 7 MM lb End-Load Capacity Landing Shoulder STM-15 TYPE DW5 DEEPWATER HIGH-CAPACITY SUBSEA WELLHEAD SYSTEM 4 High-Pressure Housing Joint Wellhead on CNC Machine .000 psi WP systems and has delivered superior performance in nearly 20 years of installation history. Cameron’s deepwater STM wellheads meet the requirements for most subsea drilling operations with deepwater semisubmersibles and drillships. as well as production applications such as tension-leg platforms. •  Active pre-load lockdown at 2 MM lb •  5.

000 psi WP High-Pressure Wellhead w/Active Pre-Load Lockdown. Gasket Seal and Hydrate Seal Hydrate Deflector w/Bullseye 3” Ball Valve w/Pipe Extension (Typical Installation) 36” Conductor Housing w/Eight 3” Flow-By Holes 16” Seal Assembly 7” Casing 18-3/4” Wellhead Housing 20” x 0.812” WT Wellhead Housing Joint 36” x 2.0” WT Conductor Housing Joint 36” X 20“ X 16“ X 13./8” X 9.812” Wall Extension 13-3/8” Casing 9-5/8” Casing 16” Receptacle 16” Casing Hanger 16” Casing Hanger System 16”Casing Casing Hanger HangerSystem System 16” 20” x 0./8” X 7” STM-15 Type DW5 Deepwater High-Capacity Subsea Wellhead System 3 5 STM-15DW Wellhead System 36” x 20“ x 16“ x 13-3/8” x 9-5/8” x 7” 5 .S UB S E A S Y S T E M S Seal Assembly (Typical) 18-3/4” 15.

and other materials for the extension can be supplied when required.000 ft (3048 m). This wellhead system is an ideal solution for shallow-water flows and to accommodate small bore-pressure/fracture gradient differentials.000 psi WP systems and has delivered superior performance in nearly 20 years of installation history. A standard 4130 extension joint is added to the bottom of the high-pressure housing for increased weld compatibility with various casing grades.STM-15 Type XL5 Deepwater Large Bore Subsea Wellhead System Cameron’s STM-15 Type XL5 Deepwater Large Bore Subsea Wellhead System is rated at a full 15. high-capacity” running tools and is available with the three most common wellhead connection profiles.510” Min. Guide bases and mud mats with hydrate seals and flow rings are available upon request. The STM-15 Type XL5 Deepwater Large Bore Subsea Wellhead System is used with the STM-15 “trip-reducing. the 18”casing hanger has a landing adapter that is welded into the 22” (instead of 20”) casing below the high-pressure housing and the 16” adapter. •  Active pre-load lockdown at 2 MM lb •  5. As with the 16” casing hanger.000 psi WP for drilling and completion operations in water depths up to 10. ID 7 MM lb End-Load Capacity Landing Shoulder STM-15 Type XL5 Wellhead Housing 6 STM-15 TYPE XL5 DEEPWATER LARGE BORE SUBSEA WELLHEAD SYSTEM .25 MM ft-lb bending capacity •  3 MM lb tensile capacity •  Machined from F-22. The wellhead has an 18-1/2” minimum ID bore in the bottom to pass 18” casing. This system is used when it is necessary to run 18” casing in addition to 16”. 85 ksi yield forged material •  Available for H2S service •  Multiple-landing shoulder with 7 MM lb end-load carrying capacity Cameron’s unique PBM metal-to-metal seal is standard in all 15.63” Bore 18. 18. allowing installation through the riser and BOP stack.

25” ID 18” Seal Assembly 18” Casing Hanger 18.60” ID 18” Casing Flush Casing Connections 18” Casing Hanger System 18” Casing Hanger System System 18” Casing Hanger STM-15 Type XL5 Deepwater Large Bore Subsea Wellhead System 18” Casing Hanger System STM-15 Active Lockdown XL Bore Wellhead System 36” x 28“ x 22” x 18” x 16” x 13-3/8” x 9-5/8” 36” X 28“ X 22” X 18” X 16” X 13-3/8” X 9-5/8” STM-15 Active Lockdown XL Bore Wellhead System 36” X 28“ X 22” X 18” X 16” X 13-3/8” X 9-5/8” 7 .Unlocked 13-3/8” Casing Hanger 16” Landing Sub 22” OD x 18.S UB S E A S Y S T E M S 18-3/4” Wellhead Housing STM-15 Large Bore 18-3/4” Seal Assembly 9-5/8” Casing Hanger Active Lockdown Assembly .Locked 18-3/4” Typical Seal Assembly 36” Conductor Housing Wellhead Housing Running Tool Active Lockdown Assembly .43” OD x 16.38” ID 16” PBM Seal Assembly 12’ x 12’ Mud Mat w/Split Lock Ring Lip and Hydrate Seal 16” Casing Hanger 16” Casing Flush or Near Flush Casing Connections 36” Conductor Pipe 22” Extension Pipe 13-3/8” Casing 10-3/4” Casing 28” Receptacle w/Vertical Flow-By 28” Supplemental Casing Hanger 28” Supplemental Casing 16” Casing Hanger System 16” Casing Hanger Hanger System System 16” Casing 16” Casing Hanger System 18” Landing Sub 22” OD x 18.

This STM-15 Type XL7 delivers a 7 MM ft-lb bending capacity and 5 MM lb tensile capacity. The STM-15 Type XL7 Wellhead System features a 30” diameter high-pressure wellhead housing versus the standard 27” housing. water depths up to 10.000 15.000 ft (3048 m). with a multiple-landing shoulder with 7 MM lb end-load carrying capacity. Wellhead Housing Testing Lab STM Load Capacities Wellhead Connection Profiles BOP and Christmas Tree Connection Profiles Hub.000 15.000 Hub Hub Mandrel Mandrel DWHC DWHC STM-15 DW5 Wellhead in Moonpool 8 . Type Bending Capacity (MM) Up to 4 5.STM-15 Type XL7 HighCapacity Ultra-Deepwater Subsea Wellhead System Cameron also offers a high-capacity subsea wellhead system. mandrel or Cameron’s deepwater high-capacity (DWHC) XL7 profiles are available on the high-pressure 18-3/4” housing. This system was designed for ultra-deepwater drilling and production applications using dual-activity dynamically positioned drillships and deep-draft caisson vessels primarily.000 10. The XL7 profile is an ultra-deepwater solution to high bending requirements and is applied primarily to the 30” diameter wellhead. The system requires a 38” conductor and low-pressure housing in order to receive the larger diameter mechanical lockdown mechanism.000 10.000 15. depending on application requirements.000 Standard DW5 XL5 XL7 15.25 7 Tensile Capacity (MM) 2 3 3 5 PSI EndLoad Carrying Capacity (MM) 7 7 7 7 Water Depths (ft) 2500 10. but not limited to.25 5. which is activated by the high-capacity mechanical lockdown tool.

D.S UB S E A S Y S T E M S STM/STC Subsea Wellhead-to-Conductor Housing LocKdown Options STC-10 Passive Lockdown STM-15 Type DW5. 9 . high-pressure housing which delivers 7 MM ft-lb bending capacity and 5 MM lb tensile capacity.25 MM ft-lb with a 3 MM lb tensile capacity. STM-15 Type DW5 and XL5 wellheads are available with an active pre-loaded option using a mechanical lockdown tool.5 MM ft-lb bending capacity and 0.5 MM lb tensile capacity. The STM-15 Type XL7 is an active pre-loaded wellhead design with a 30” O. The two housings are pre-loaded together using this mechanical tool resulting in a 2 MM lb pre-load which increases the bending capacity to 5. STM-15 Type XL5 and XL7 2 MM lb Mechanical Lockdown The STC-10 wellhead has a similar passive lockdown mechanism which provides a 1.

83” Min. diesel fluid and oil. chlorides.000 psi WP and made of proprietary CAMLAST™ elastomer which is rated for temperatures up to 250o F (121o C).5 MM lb End-Load Carrying Capacity Landing Shoulder STC High-Pressure Housing Joint STC-10 COMPACT SUBSEA WELLHEAD SYSTEM 10 . CO2 . ID 3. •  Available in a five-string casing program •  Also available in a six-string program utilizing a 16” supplemental hanger system •  Jet-in/drill-ahead tools are available for even faster run times 18. This elastomeric sealing element is rated a full 10.or water-based amine corrosion inhibitors.000 psi WP and moderate well depths. The STC-10 wellhead system uses Cameron’s metal-end cap (MEC) seal.69” Bore 17. Simplicity and attractive pricing make the STC-10 wellhead system a cost-effective choice. Stainless steel caps on the upper and lower surfaces of the elastomer reduce extrusion limit exposure of the elastomers to corrosive well fluids and discourage “roll off” during installation. The seal is radially energized and requires less energy to set than other seals.STC-10 Compact Subsea Wellhead System The STC-10 Compact Wellhead System is a popular choice for low-pressure wells up to 10. It is resistant to H2S. The MEC seal is highly tolerant to seal area damage and will often seal when other types of seals will not.

16” 3000 psi Seal Assembly 16” Casing Hanger System STC-10 Wellhead System 30” X 20“ X 16” X 13-3/8” X 10-3/4” 16” Casing Hanger System 16” Casing Hanger System STC-10 Compact Subsea Wellhead System 30” x 20” x 16” x 13-3/8” x 10-3/4” STC-10 Wellhead System 30” X 20“ X 16” X 13-3/8” X 10-3/4” 11 .625” BWP STC-10 Seal Assembly 10-3/4” Casing Hanger ® w/Inconel 625 Inlay 13-3/8” Dummy Hanger STC-10 30” Conductor Housing w/1. 16” Receptacle and 20” x 0.S UB S E A S Y S T E M S Retrievable/Reinstallable Guide Base w/0-5 Slope Indicator STC-10 18-3/4” Wellhead Housing w/H4 Profile.50” BWP Down 13-3/8” Casing Hanger w/Inconel 625 Inlay Adapter w/Threaded Outlet Ports (Optional) 3” Ball Valve w/Pipe Extension (Optional) 16” Receptacle 16” Casing Hanger.

Casing Hanger Seal Assembly Running Tools for STM Subsea Wellhead Systems Casing Hanger Seal Assembly Running Tools (CHSARTs) are single-trip tools that allow installation of the casing hanger and PBM metal-to-metal seal assembly in a single trip. 1. A 13” CHSART is available for the DW5/XL5 slimline drill-through conversion system. 16” CHSART 18” CHSART Mill and Flush Tool Seal Assembly Running Tool (SART) 12 . Cameron offers these tools in a variety of load capacities and sizes for all of our wellhead systems. Annulus pressure is used only to test the seal. These tools are installed in the casing hanger using left-hand makeup and right-hand release.000 lb of force to set the seal and only requires 3500 psi fluid pressure through the drillpipe. Single-trip tools are also available for the XL5 wellhead system for the 16” and 18” casing strings and for the DW5 wellhead system 16” casing string. There are three tools available for the 18-3/4” 15. and a special high-capacity tool for the first position hanger which provides 2 MM lb load capacity.000 psi WP wellhead systems depending on the load requirement: 1 MM lb. This hydraulic system generates 200.5 MM lb. which set the seal by closing the BOP rams on the running string and pressuring the annulus. Cameron’s CHSARTs use pressure down the drillpipe to hydraulically set the seal. Unlike standard systems.

5 MM lb CHSART 2 MM lb CHSART PBM Seal Assembly PBM Seal Assembly PBM Seal Assembly STM-15 Casing Hanger STM-15 Casing Hanger STM-15 Casing Hanger 1 MM lb CHSART 1.5 MM lb CHSART 2 MM lb CHSART Casing Hanger Seal Assembly Running Tool Operation 13 .S UB S E A S Y S T E M S 1 MM lb CHSART 1.

after running and landing the high-pressure housing and 20”/22” casing.and high-pressure housings with a single 180. has a 6-5/8” standard top connection and drifts 10” collars. The tool permits a two-foot pickup of the BHA without releasing the tool from the wellhead. Cameron’s Mechanical Lockdown Tool (MLT) delivers a 2 MM lb mechanical pre-load between the low. Mechanical Lockdown Tool Drill Ahead Tool 14 Installation of DW5 Wellhead Housing .and high-pressure wellhead housings are standard. Cameron’s Drill Ahead Tool (DAT) allows for jetting in the conductor. releasing the single-piece 1 MM lb load capacity center stem and drilling ahead for the next casing string. Tools for running and handling the low.000 lb overpull. trip-reducing.High-Capacity Running Tools for STM-15 Subsea Wellhead Systems STM wellhead systems help reduce drilling costs by eliminating unnecessary trips while providing advanced pressure control technology with advanced. high-capacity running tools.

Drill Ahead Tool Mechanical Lockdown Tool 15 . A 2 MM lb pre-load is achieved with a single 180.000 lb over-pull.S UB S E A S Y S T E M S Landed Pre-Loaded Jetting Drill Ahead The center stem and BHA are released after jetting to drill ahead and retrieved with the BHA after drill out.

A Wear Bushing Wear Bushing and Wear Sleeve Stabilizer Wear Sleeve Wear Bushing and Wear Sleeve Running Adapter 16 . There are special tools for running the primary seal. Cameron’s parallel bore seal design allows for vertical movement of the seal without affecting Metal-toMetal Seals Hanger Lock Ring Retainer Wire Metal-to-Metal Seals Standard Elastomer Seal Metal-to-Metal Seals Standard O-Rings Recessed Secondary Seal Area Wellhead Housing seal integrity. in addition to three BOP test Stabilizer and Running Adapters tools to cover all situations for testing the BOP stack. the seal assembly was moved as much as 1/4” while maintaining full test pressure of 15. Optional Trip-Saving Running Tools Bit or BHA-run wear bushings and wear sleeves are available for all of Cameron’s wellhead systems.000 psi WP high-pressure housing and is interchangeable on all hangers in the wellhead from 13-3/8” down to 7”. The PBM seal assembly and high-pressure housing design Casing Hanger provides for two additional contingency seals: an optional elastomeric seal and a standard metal-to-metal secondary seal Standard Seal that uses a protected. During laboratory testing. It is radially engaged.000 psi. The PBM seal is designed for a parallel sealing surface. It provides equal seal protection from pressures above or below. PBM seals are rated for continuous operation in temperatures up to 350o F (177o C ) and can be used in H2S environments. recessed area in the housing bore.Actuating Ring Housing Lock Ring STM Parallel Bore Metal-to-Metal (PBM) Seal The PBM seal is used for casing hangers in the 18-3/4” 15. bi-directional and provides constant contact pressure on inner and outer sealing surfaces. secondary B B B B A A A seal and emergency seal assemblies separately from the hanger. along with mill and flush tools to clean debris from the seal area for all casing hangers. Texas. The lockdown feature for the seal to the wellhead has been physically tested to more than 1 MM lb at Cameron’s Technology Development Center in Houston.

both standard (3000 psi WP/500. Lock Dogs 6-5/8” Box 4-1/2” Pin 26”/ 28” Casing Hanger 26”/ 28” Receptacle w/No Flow-By 4-1/2” IF 26” Receptacle w/Horizontal Flow-By 26” Receptacle w/Vertical Flow-By 26”/ 28” Casing Hanger Running Tool 17 . individual adapters can be used to suspend and seal 16” hangers. The XL high-pressure 16” hanger is rated 6500 psi WP with metal-to-metal seals and 1 MM lb hang-off capacity.S UB S E A S Y S T E M S Supplemental Hanger Systems for STM-15 and STC-10 Subsea Wellhead Systems Cameron offers a variety of supplemental hangers and running tools. In the 20” or 22” casing strings below the high-pressure housing. Weld-in shoulder type adapters and hangers can be used for suspension and sealing of 26” and 28” supplemental casing strings. An 18” adapter and hanger with a 3500 psi WP elastomeric seal and 1 MM lb hang-off capacity also is available for use in Cameron’s STM-15 Type XL5 large-bore subsea wellhead system.000 lb) and high-capacity (5000 psi WP/ 1 MM lb). Adapter Hanger Hanger Landing Shoulder Lockdown Ring Locked to Hanger Landing Shoulder Adapter Seals Locked to Adapter Locked to Hanger PBM Seal Assembly Landing Shoulder Adapter Locked to Adapter Seal Assembly Hanger 16” High-Capacity Supplemental Hanger 16” XL High-Pressure Supplemental Hanger 18” Supplemental Hanger STM Large Diameter Shoulder-Type Supplemental Hangers Cameron offers a variety of shoulder adapters for supplemental hangers and running tools located below the low-pressure wellhead in the 30” or 36” conductor string.

of various flow control devices.000 psig.000 lb of deflection load to provide simulation of undersea wave action. Subsea Pressure – The hyperbaric chamber is rated for pressures of water depths in excess of 10. It is used for corrosive resistance evaluation of coatings. It can circulate up to 6. Gas testing is conducted in reinforced test cells with gas boosters generating up to 36. and is equipped with state-of-the art analysis and testing equipment. Hot Oil – One fixed 106-kw and two portable 30-kw hot-oil circulating units produce internal bore temperatures up to 400o F (204o C) on products as large as a subsea BOP or as small as a 2” gate valve. Fatigue – A load frame with a fixed tail stock on one end and a rotating spindle on the other is used for dynamic bend testing with up to 20. 1 Erosion – A drilling fluids flow loop simulates the erosive effects of cuttings and sand flowing up from the well during drilling.000 ft (3048 m).2 barrels per minute at 5000 psi WP. plating and corrosion inhibitors. Corrosion – A salt fog cabinet is used for accelerated corrosion testing on samples. are available for use during testing. The larger frame can sustain up to 15 MM ft-lb of bending load.000 psig. With a specially constructed cover in place. Cv. Test LabORATORY State-of-the-Art Capabilities 2 3 1 2 4 5 3 4 6 7 5 6 8 7 8 9 10 9 10 11 12 11 12 18 . Pressure – Hydrostatic testing is performed with a variety of pumps capable of producing up to 40. Flow Loop – It empirically determines the flow characteristics. Cameron engineers and technicians can perform a wide range of testing procedures on new and existing products to help ensure performance in the field. Experimental Stress Analysis – Hundreds of bonded resistance strain gauges. Test Pits – Two 25-ft deep floodable test pits allow assembly of tall equipment such as BOP stacks. they can serve as a blast mitigation chamber for higher-risks tests. used primarily for empirical verification of finite element analysis. Bending – Two large test frames are available for structural bending and torsion tests.Innovation and Quality Cameron is a Leader in Technology Development Cameron’s Technology Development Center is located in Houston. Pull/Push Rams – Large hydraulic rams simulate tubing and casing loads on wellhead slips and hangers or drillpipe suspension loads on ram BOPs. Temperature Extremes – Several test chambers are utilized for testing at temperatures ranging from -100o F to 500o F (-73o C to 260o C). Texas.

The plant offers unique and highly efficient systems and equipment specifically tailored to the production of subsea wellhead systems.S UB S E A S Y S T E M S Cameron International Malaysia Systems Center of SUBSEA Wellhead Manufacturing EXcellence The Cameron International Malaysia Systems (CIMS) manufacturing facility is Cameron’s center of excellence for the manufacture of subsea wellhead systems worldwide. 19 .

financially and personally to a working environment where no one gets hurt.com or email: subsea.9483. UK Tel 44. Inconel is a registered trademark of INCO. nothing gets harmed. TC9992 2 .2211 5 Mondial Way Harlington Hayes.com HSE Policy Statement At Cameron. we are committed ethically.208.SUBSEA SYSTEMS PO Box 1212 Houston. UB3 5AR England. 12-14 The Esplanade Perth.8.713. STC-10 and STM-15 Subsea Wellhead Systems and PBM Seal are trademarks of Cameron. Western Australia 6000 Tel 61.4444 Learn more about subsea wellhead systems at: www.wellhead@c-a-m. | SWP 1M | 08/11.c-a-m.939.1800 Level 11.990. © 2011 Cameron | U BOP. Texas 77251-1212 USA Tel 1.

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