Compiled by : A.A. Ayu Tirtamara !"#$%!#&!&"


. "fishy" smell vaginal discharge. $%&%'. There may also be a greenish yellow. Trichomoniasis is primarily an infection of the urogenital tract. al. and vagina vaginitis' which produce an itching or burning sensation. to $/ days of exposure. frothy./omo0ia1i1 Trichomoniasis. lower abdominal pain can occur. This disease can infect both men and women !idle" and #enchimol. 0hile symptoms are most common in women. Typically. $%&&'. In rare cases.ymptoms usually appear in women within . 2aboratory tests are performed on a sample of vaginal fluid or urethral fluid mixed with a drop of saline on a slide to loo) for the diseasecausing parasite 3ndrea and 4hapin. associated with Trichomonas infection. In women. despite standard tests being negative. al. Treatment for both pregnant and non-pregnant patients usually utilizes metronidazole and tinidazole.. In many cases. Trichomoniasis is transmitted through sexual intercourse with infected partner.ome sexual health specialists have stated that the condition can probably be carried in the vagina for years. but with caution especially in early stages of pregnancy $%%% mg by mouth . .ymptoms include inflammation of the cervix cervicitis'. . urethra urethritis'. having sex with more than one partner or being in a sexual relationship with someone who has multiple sex partners can increase the ris) of suffered by trichomoniasis Trichomonas vaginalis $%%+'. et. is a common cause of vaginitis. only women experience symptoms *eterman.. et. It is a sexually transmitted disease that is caused by the singlecelled protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis producing mechanical stress on host cells and then ingesting cell fragments after cell death. men may hold the parasite for some years without any signs dormant'. itchy. (ngaging in unsafe sex. mild discharge or slight burning after urination or e"aculation 1obbs. Trichomoniasis is diagnosed by a health care provider with a physical examination and laboratory test microscopic examination'. a pelvic examination can reveal small red ulcerations on the vaginal wall or cervix. some men may temporarily exhibit symptoms such as an irritation inside the penis. $%%/'. sometimes referred to as "trich". -iscomfort may increase during intercourse and urination.Tri. the most common infected site is the urethra and the vagina in women.

#oth partners should be treated at the same time to eliminate the parasite.exual partners.7+ hours 9ob. *atient should not drin) alcohol for 5/ hours afterwards. $%%/'.. in thermal water after 8% minutes to 8 hours and in diluted urine after .7+% minutes. *ersons being treated for Trichomoniasis should avoid sex until they and their sex partners complete treatment and have no symptoms. et. should be treated concurrently. even if asymptomatic.. . while in women it will persist unless treated 4udmore. . $%%5'. et. al. 6se of male condoms may help prevent the spread of trichomoniasis. it is suspected that more than one half of men who are infected will naturally expel the parasite within &5 days. although careful studies have never been done that focus on how to prevent this infection. Infection with Trichomoniasis through water is unli)ely because Trichomonas vaginalis dies in water after 5. al.once. 3lthough both men and women are susceptible to suffer the infection.

. 4itterbart. 2 4orey.!. #enchimol !. $%%/. $. -ouglas A! Ar. 9ietmei"er 43. 5. In< :: 1olmes. 4ohen. $nd ed.chweb)e A..yne)ologie -in C&ech. 1ayward-!c4lelland . -elgaty :2. !etcalf 43. 4ross 1. !alotte 4:. 'ev. *eterman T3. !artan.tamm.8.atterwhite 42. *igh incidence of ne+ se(%ally transmitted infections in the year follo+ing a se(%ally transmitted infection! a case for rescreening. *aul .. Trichomonas vaginalis and Trichomoniasis.wygard 1. $%&%.#. !. :arel et al.e@a (4. &8+. *= . p ??&-?. 2u)EF.evidence for phagocytic activity as a cytopathic effect. &?. Tian 21.tudy >roup. 9ob. $%%+. $%&&. p. . Se(%ally Transmitted Diseases. 5th edition. .+5-?$. 4hapin :4..parling.*(4T-$ . AB 0asserheit.'.2. Clin. 3nn Intern !ed. !idle" D. 9(.=. *etrin -*.&5. vaginalis in Symptomatic omen! Performance Parameters and "pidemiological Implications. Comparison of Aptima Trichomonas vaginalis Transcription-Mediated Amplification Assay and BD Affirm VPIII for Detection of T.. * *iot. 3lois.8 8.9eferences &. Bew Cor)< !c>raw1ill. Treatment of infections ca%sed $y metronida&ole-resistant Trichomonas vaginalis. Trichomonas vaginalis )ills and eats. 0( . $%%5. Micro$iol. *rague< >alen. -1 0atts editors'. . # Clin Micro$iol 5. +. . Parasitology &8? &'< +.7?+. &? 5'< ?/87. 3ndrea . 8'< /++7. 1obbs !. /'<. -e3ugustine B. $%%/. . >arber >(. . 4udmore .

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