You are on page 1of 3

Difine poetry

Poetry (from the Greek poiesis meaning a "making", seen also in such terms as "hemopoiesis"; more narrowly, the making of poetry) is a form of literary art which uses aestheticand rhythmic[1][2][3] qualities of languagesuch as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metreto evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning. Poetry has a long history, dating back to the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh. Early poems evolved from folk songs such as the Chinese Shijing, or from a need to retell oral epics, as with theSanskrit Vedas, Zoroastrian Gathas, and the Homeric epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey. Ancient attempts to define poetry, such as Aristotle's Poetics, focused on the uses of speech in rhetoric,drama, song and comedy. Later attempts concentrated on features such as repetition, verse formand rhyme, and emphasized the aesthetics which distinguish poetry from more objectivelyinformative, prosaic forms of writing. From the mid-20th century, poetry has sometimes been more generally regarded as a fundamental creative act employing language. Poetry uses forms and conventions to suggest differential interpretation to words, or to evoke emotive responses. Devices such as assonance, alliteration, onomatopoeia and rhythm are sometimes used to achieve musical or incantatory effects. The use of ambiguity, symbolism, ironyand other stylistic elements of poetic diction often leaves a poem open to multiple interpretations. Similarly, metaphor, simile and metonymy[4] create a resonance between otherwise disparate imagesa layering of meanings, forming connections previously not perceived. Kindred forms of resonance may exist, between individual verses, in their patterns of rhyme or rhythm. Some poetry types are specific to particular cultures and genres and respond to characteristics of the language in which the poet writes. Readers accustomed to identifying poetry with Dante,Goethe, Mickiewicz and Rumi may think of it as written in lines based on rhyme and regular meter; there are, however, traditions, such as Biblical poetry, that use other means to create rhythm andeuphony. Much modern poetry reflects a critique of poetic tradition,[5] playing with and testing, among other things, the principle of euphony itself, sometimes altogether forgoing rhyme or set rhythm.[6][7] In today's increasingly globalized world, poets often adapt forms, styles and techniques from diverse cultures and languages.

Jephrey Bautista Orolfo

Form Type of poem (see LL) Rhyme (formal, informal, exact, slant, near, traditional, unconventional, absence of) Meter (formal, informal, natural, traditional, unconventional) Diction (choice of words) Denotation, connotation, dialect, slang, colloquialism, vernacular, formal, informal, elevated, archaic, abstract, concrete, clich, musical (euphony or cacophony smooth or harsh sounding) Organization (structure of words, punctuation, paragraphs, stanzas, ideas) Syntax (inversion, simple, direct, compound, complex, cumulative, periodic, interrupted, use of ellipsis, enjambment, caesura) Rhetorical structure (compare/contrast, formal/informal, logical, argumentation, cause/effect, general/specific or vice versa, narrative, chronological, associative, definition, fact and example, process, function, gain to loss (v/v), stream of consciousness, allegory, seasonal, natural/unnatural, abstract/concrete, sensory, movement, order of importance)

Selection of Detail Concrete (literal and specific) Metaphorical (i.e. figurative language aka. Figures of speech) Metaphor, simile, hyperbole, understatement, synechdoche, metonymy, personification, anthropomorphism, allusion, symbol, analogy, conceit, euphemism Imagery (appeal to the senses) Sensory: auditory, visual, gustatory, tactile, olfactory, kinetic, organic Categories: light, young, color, energy, bitter, harsh, strong, pleasant, cold Contrasts: light-dark, young-old, energy-apathy, bitter-sweet, harsh-soft, strong-weak, pleasantrepulsive, cold-warm Language Devices (ways the author uses language in structuring other elements) Alliteration, assonance, consonance, apostrophe, irony, satire, paradox, oxymoron, pun, malapropism, wit, onomatopoea Tone (authors attitude) See tone words list in your LL too many to fit here. Speaker/POV First person, third person, omniscient, narration, childhood, adulthood, personal, impersonal, formal, informal, unreliable, biased, emotional, objective, cold

The Little Mermaid

The sun shone brightly in the sky, Crowned with a rainbow there, While seagulls boldly chose to fly, As if without a care... As clouds rolled by ablaze with light, A ship sailed to the shore, Above the waves both blue and white That danced forever more... Below the waves where dolphins leapt, Triumphant full of glee, The little mermaid's dreams were kept And nestled tenderly... Her Father's Kingdom full of grace And wonders rarely known Were not enough to take the place Of dreams she called her own... The little mermaid made her way, From water to the land, Where one man took her breath away The day he held her hand... Two beating hearts were now as one, With joy more than enough, Beneath God's brilliant golden sun, Where lovers fall in love... The young man smiled, for he had found, A treasure trove divine, More beautiful than all around, In her, his Valentine... The little mermaid's dreams came true, He kissed her once, then twice, The day he told her, 'I love you! ' Was simply Paradise..