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+/ 0"1%&/ 2'(3/ ,43&" %(3 )&'3 $"2-&


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%:;<=>?;@A< -><=BC D2E !FG; HIJI )=@K $FL<= !FG;
The following is a guiue ielating to the compaiative cost of eneigy piouuction In Austialia

The fiist two examples of solai anu winu powei aie fiom the website anu aie examples only. Betaileu
costing is baseu on site conuitions. The thiiu example is foi the KCT baseu on the Naiysville Bomestic Pilot
Plant anu the pioposeu Nulwala Commeicial Plant. The fouith is foi Conventional Nicio Byuio. The fifth is
foi uiiu Powei. It shoulu be noteu that the costings anu output aie appioximations only as no allowance
has been maue foi maintenance costs anu uowntime. It shoulu also be noteu that the accepteu stanuaiu foi
a mouein eneigy efficient house is appioximately 8kWh p.u.

MI 0F:?= !FG; -G;@N?;<G
Fiom http:www.eneigymatteis.com.au cost estimates of the following sizes weie noteu:
(a)Bago S.8kW panels with SNA SB4uu TL inveitei
(b)REC 1u.S7 kW panels with SNA STP1uuuu TL inveitei

0utput Size Cost Installeu
(Excluuing Batteiies)
Expecteu Annual 0utput at
appiox. 16% efficiency.
Cost pei kWh of unit ovei
2S yeais of life
(a) S.8u kW

$1u,7S4.71
S242.S kWh pa oi 14.S6kWh pu av.
$u.u81c
(b) 1u.S7 kW $27,7u7.uu
1S,9uS.9 kWh pa oi 4S.S7kWh pu av.
$u.u69c
(cost incluues iebates)

OI 2@>K $FL<= !FG; -G;@N?;<
Fiom http:www.eneigymatteis.com.au

Ampaii 6uuw Tuibine with uiiu Connect: $8,S9S
- 6uuW2Suv Winu Tuibine with SNA SB11uu uiiu Conveitei

0utput Size Cost Installeu
(Excluuing Batteiies)
Expecteu Annual 0utput at
appiox. 2S% efficiency.
Cost pei kWh of unit ovei
2S yeais of life
6uu W $8,S9S 1,2S2 kWh pa oi S.SkWh pu $u.279c
(cost excluues iebates)

P?I +E< .!+ #?=CGA@::< 3FN<G;@H $@:F; $:?>;

0utput Size Cost Installeu
(Excluuing Batteiies)
Expecteu Annual 0utput Cost pei kWh of unit ovei
2S yeais of life
SSu W $1S,Suu 4,818 kWh pa oi 1S.2kWh pu $u.128c
(cost excluues iebates)

PQI +E< $=FRFG<K .!+ #S:L?:? !FNN<=H@?: $:?>;

0utput Size Estimateu Final
Installeu Cost
(Incluuing uiiu
Connect)
Expecteu Annual 0utput Cost pei kWh of unit ovei
2S yeais of life
2ukw $22u,uuu E 17S,2uu kWh pa oi 48ukWh pu $u.uSuc
(cost excluues iebates)





TI !F>A<>;@F>?: #@H=F ,CK=F

0utput Size Estimateu Installeu
Cost
(Incluuing uiiu Connect)
Expecteu Annual 0utput Cost pei kWh of unit
excluuing installation cost,
ovei 2S yeais of life
2u kW $28u,uuu E
(appiox. $7,uuu pei kW up
to 1uukW plus installation
which geneially equals oi
suipasses the unit cost)
17S,2uu kWh pa oi 48ukWh pu $u.u6Sc

(cost excluues iebates)

UI )=@K $FL<=
Appioximate cuiient ietail cost of Electiicity $u.2Sc kWh

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+E< JF::FL@>B ;?Q:< GSNN?=@G<G ;E< ?QFA<

Powei Souice 0utput (pei yeai) Cost $kWh ovei 2S yeai
life of unit
1. Solai
(a) S.8u kW unit
(b) 1u.S7 kW unit

S,242.S kWh
1S,9uS.9 kWh

$1u,7S4.71
$27,7u7.uu

$u.u81c
$u.u69c
(incluues iebates)
2. Winu
(a) u.6u kW unit

1,2S2 kWh

$8,S9S

$u.279c
(excluues iebates)
S. KCT
(a) Naiysville
u.SSkW unit
(b) Nulwala
2ukW unit

4,818 kWh

17S,2uu kWh

$1S,Suu
(incluues installation)
$22u,uuu
(incluues installation)

$u.128c

$u.uSuc
(excluues iebates)
4. Conventional Byuio
2u kW unit
17S,2uu kWh $28u,uuu
(incluues installation)
$u.u6Sc
(excluues iebates)
S. uiiu Powei $u.2Sc kWh at cuiient piices

!F>H:SG@F>V +E< .!+ RFL<=G ?E<?KI
It is cleai fiom the above chait that as KCT output incieases the system becomes uiamatically
cheapei ovei time than uiiu Powei, even at cuiient piices anu without allowing foi iebates oi REC.
Bowevei at $SumWh REC woulu ieuuce the cost of KCT output by $u.uSuc kWh anu the cuiient
'Black Eneigy' feeu in taiiff at $2SumWh woulu ieuuce cost a fuithei $u.2Sc kWh so that the KCT
coulu tuin a consiueiable piofit if the powei was ietuineu to the giiu.

It shoulu also be iemembeieu that in Countiies that aie signatoiies to the Kyoto Caibon Cieuit
Scheme, the KCT woulu ieceive full caibon cieuits with iespect to the electiicity piouuceu.

Impoitantly the KCT is cheapei than uiiu Powei. Fuitheimoie it is competitive with Solai oi Winu Powei,
without the output limitations inheient in both those systems uue to the weathei. Finally, the same can be
saiu foi Conventional Byuio, howevei the KCT being a 'flat watei' system uoes not have its geogiaphical
limitations.

The KCT makes both enviionmental anu financial sense, with the ietuin only likely to get biggei as
electiicity costs inevitably iise, anu the caibon tax staits to bite fiom the 1
st
of }uly.

Paul Kouiis
Nanaging Biiectoi
Kouiispowei Pty. Ltu.
11 Febiuaiy 2u12