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SYSTEMATIC PLANNING FOR MEDIA USE

MEDIA SELECTION

! If we want to use media effectively we must plan systematically for their use ! ASSURE MODEL

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ASSURE MODEL
! ASSURE MODEL to assure effective use of media ! ASSURE MODEL focuses on planning classroom use of media

ASSURE MODEL (Analyze learners)


1) Analyze learners -! General characteristics -! Specific entry competencies -! Learning styles

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ASSURE MODEL (Analyze learners)


1) General characteristics -! Demographic background 2) Specific entry competencies -! Pre-requisite knowledge or skill to begin the lesson -! Formal (standardized test) -! Informal (in-class questioning/ out-class interview

ASSURE MODEL (Analyze learners)


3) Learning styles - a cluster of psychological traits that determine how individual perceives, interacts with, and responds emotionally to leaning environment

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ASSURE MODEL (State objectives)


-! Instructional objectives -! Why?? - objectives will make us to select appropriate methods and media - it will lead us to create a learning environment so that the objectives can be reached

ASSURE MODEL (State objectives)


The ABCDs of Well-stated Objectives 1)! Audience 2)! Behaviour observable and measurable behaviour 3)! Conditions under which the performance to be observed

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ASSURE MODEL (State objectives)


The ABCDs of Well-stated Objectives 4)! Degree the acceptable performance will be judged - quantitative : time and accuracy - qualitative : e.g. a sample of answer

ASSURE MODEL (State objectives)


Classifications of objectives Blooms 1)! Cognitive domain involves an array of intellectual capabilities 2)! Affective domain involves feeling and values (encouraging healthy social attitudes, adopting a set of ethical standards)

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ASSURE MODEL (State objectives)


Classifications of objectives Blooms 3) Psychomotor domain involves athletic, manual and other physical skills

ASSURE MODEL (State objectives)


! OBJECTIVES are not intended to limit what a student learns ! OBJECTIVES provide a minimum level of expected achievement ! Acknowledge individual differences in stating the objectives

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ASSURE MODEL (Select Methods, media and materials)


3 steps: 1)! Choosing a method 2)! Choosing a media format 3)! Obtaining specific materials

ASSURE MODEL (Select Methods, media and materials)


1)! Deciding on the appropriate teaching methods Lecture?? Simulation? Discussion?? - we will probably incorporate two or more methods

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ASSURE MODEL (Select Methods, media and materials)


2) Choosing a media format - the physical form in which a message is incorporated and displayed - Flip chart?? Slides?? Multimedia?? - Consider instructional setting or situation, learner variables, nature of the objectives

ASSURE MODEL (Select Methods, media and materials)


3) Obtaining specific materials a) Selecting available materials - off the shelf: ready made and available - involving the Media Specialist

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ASSURE MODEL (Select Methods, media and materials)


3) Obtaining specific materials a) Selecting available materials Criteria: - does it match the curriculum? - Is it accurate and current? - does it contain clear and concise language?

ASSURE MODEL (Select Methods, media and materials)


3) Obtaining specific materials a) Selecting available materials Criteria: - will it arouse motivation and maintain interest? - is it of good technical quality is there evidence of its effectiveness?

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ASSURE MODEL (Select Methods, media and materials)


3) Obtaining specific materials a) Selecting available materials Criteria: -is it free from objectionable bias and advertising? - is a user guide or other documentation included?

ASSURE MODEL (Select Methods, media and materials)


3) Obtaining specific materials b) Modifying available materials -if we cannot locate entirely suitable materials off the shelf, we might be modify what is available WARNING: do not violate copyright laws and restrictions

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ASSURE MODEL (Select Methods, media and materials)


3) Obtaining specific materials c) Designing new materials Consider: - Objectives - Audience - Cost - Technical expertise to design and produce the materials

ASSURE MODEL (Select Methods, media and materials)


3) Obtaining specific materials c) Designing new materials Consider: -! Equipment to produce or use the materials -! Facilities available or not?? -! Time do have a time to design new materials??

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ASSURE MODEL (Utilize Media and Materials)


Follow the 5 Ps: 1) Preview the materials - to avoid embarrassment - to avoid sensitive content 2) Prepare the materials -determine in what sequence the materials will be used

ASSURE MODEL (Utilize Media and Materials)


3) Prepare the environment - location - situation 4) Prepare the learners Proper warm-up: -overview of the lesson, rationale of the lesson

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ASSURE MODEL (Utilize Media and Materials)


5) Provide the learning experience - showmanship - teacher centred or students centred??

ASSURE MODEL (Require learner participation)


-! Active participation in the learning process enhances learning -! Participation may include: practicing new vocabulary, solving math problems on a worksheet, project paper -! Some media formats can attract students to participate more than others

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ASSURE MODEL (Evaluate and revise)


1) Evaluation of learner achievement - whether the students are learned what supposed to be learned? - method of evaluation depending on the nature of the objectives

ASSURE MODEL (Evaluate and revise)


2) Evaluation of Media and Methods - were the instructional media and method effective?? -could they be improved? -through: class discussion, interviews and observation of student behaviour

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ASSURE MODEL (Evaluate and revise)


Revision -Sit back and look at the results of our evaluation data gathering - where are there discrepancies between what we intended to happen and what did happen? - how did the students react to our materials? -are we satisfied with the materials?

RECAPITULATION

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What is the topic?? Performance objectives?? Teaching strategies?? The most appropriate strategy?? Media can be used to accompany the strategy?? Implement the lesson Evaluation

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