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ANNA UNIVERSITY COIMBATORE B.E./ B.TECH.

DEGREE EXAMINATIONS: MAY / JUNE 2010 REGULATIONS: 2007 SIXTH SEMESTER: MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 070120045 - HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER TIME: 3 Hours SKCET Max.Marks : 100

Use of standard Heat and Mass Transfer Data book is permitted PART - A (20 x 2 = 40 MARKS) ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS

1. 2. 3. 4.

State the Fourier's law of conduction. What are the factors affecting the thermal conductivity? State the applications of extended surfaces. Write down the three dimensional heat conduction equation in Cartesian coordinate system.

5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

What is natural convection? What are the dimensionless parameters used in forced convection? Indicate the significance of boundary layer. Define momentum thickness. List the merits of dropwise condensation. Write the force balance equation on a volume element for filmwise condensation on a vertical plane surface.

11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

What is meant by indirect contact heat exchanger? What is meant by recuperators? State Stefan-Boltzmann law. Define irradiation. What is meant by gray body? What are the assumptions made to calculate radiation exchange between the surfaces?

17. 18. 19. 20.

Indicate the examples of mass transfer. What is eddy diffusion? Mention any two examples of convective mass transfer. Define mass transfer coefficient.

PART-B (5 x 12 = 60 MARKS) ANSWER ANY FIVE QUESTIONS

21.

a.

Derive general heat conduction equation in Cartesian co-ordinates.

b.

Aluminium fins 1.5cm wide and 10mm thick are placed on a 2.5cm diameter tube to dissipate the heat. The tube surface temperature is 170C, ambient temperature is 20C. Calculate the heat loss per fin. Take h = 130 W/m2C and K = 200 W/mo C for aluminium. 6

22. a.

Air at 25C at the atmospheric pressure is flowing over a flat plate at 3m/s. If the plate is 1 m wide and the temperature (Tw) is 75C, calculate the following at a location of 1 m from leading edge. 1. 2. 3. 4. Hydrodynamic boundary layer thickness. Local friction coefficient. Thermal boundary layer thickness. Local heat transfer coefficient. 8

b.

State the Kirchhoff's law of radiation.

23. a.

In a counter flow double pipe heat exchanger, water is heated from 25."C to 65C by an oil with a specific heat of 1.45 KJ/ Kg.K and mass flow rate i" 0.9 Kg/s. The oil is cooled from 230C to 160C. If the overall heat transfer coefficient is 420 W/m2 C, calculate the following: 1. The rate of heat transfer. 2. The mass flow rate of water. 3. The surface area of the heat exchanger. 8

b.

What are the assumptions made by Nusselt's theory for film condensation? 4

24. a.

Air at 15C, 35m/s, flows through a hollow cylinder of 4cm inner diameter and 6cm outer diameter and leaves at 45C. Tube wall is maintained at 60C. Calculate the heat transfer co-efficient between the air and the inner tube.

b .

Discuss the analogy between heat and mass transfer.

Briefly explain various types of convective mass transfer. 25. a.

b.

A mixture of 02 and N2 with their partial pressures in the ratio 0.21 to 0.79 i.;, in a container at 25C. Calculate the molar concentration, the mass density and the mass fraction of each species for a total pressure of 1 bar. What would te the average molecular weight of the mixture? B

26.

a.

State the Fick's law of diffusion and state its expression. Obtain an expression for the same in terms of partial pressure. 6

b.

Explain briefly the concept of critical thickness of insulation and state two applications of the same. 6

27.

a.

Calculate the rate of heat transfer per unit area through a copper plate 45mm thick whose one face is maintained at 350C and the other face at 50C. Take thermal conductivity of copper as 370 WI mO C. 6

b.

Compare parallel flow ,counter flow and cross flow heat exchangers.

28

a.

Air at 20C and atmospheric pressure, containing small quantities of iodine flows with a velocity of 4m/s inside a 4cm inner diameter tube. Determine the mass transfer co-efficient. Assume Dab = 0.75 x 10-5 m21 s. 8

b .

Compare LMTD and NTU method of heat exchanger analysis.

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