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Born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies March 27, 1886 Aachen, Kingdom of Prussia,German Empire

Died

August 19, 1969 (aged 83) Chicago, Illinois, U.S. German (1886–1944), American(1944–1969)

Nationality

Awards

Order Pour le Mérite (1959) Royal Gold Medal (1959) AIA Gold Medal (1960) Presidential Medal of Freedom(1963)

Buildings

Barcelona Pavilion Tugendhat House Crown Hall Farnsworth House 860–880 Lake Shore Drive Seagram Building New National Gallery Toronto-Dominion Centre Westmount Square

and Frank Lloyd Wright.[3] using the Dutch "van der". regularity of rhythmic elements. rather than the German form "von" which was legally restricted to those of genuine aristocratic lineage. Ludwig Mies renamed himself as part of his rapid transformation from a tradesman's son to an architect working with Berlin's cultural elite. and reticent man. Kingdom of Prussia. he is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modern architecture. who were later also involved in the development of the Bauhaus. He created an influential twentieth century architectural style. deliberative. He is often associated with the aphorisms. The couple separated in 1918. working alongside Walter Gropius and Le Corbusier. He began his architectural career as an apprentice at the studio of Peter Behrensfrom 1908 to 1912. Along with Le Corbusier.[4] He began his independent professional career designing upper-class homes. adding "van der" and his mother's surname "Rohe". PERSONAL:Mies was born in Aachen. where he was exposed to the current design theories and to progressive German culture. 1969) was a German-American architect. A physically imposing. He rejected the eclectic and cluttered classical styles so common at the turn of the twentieth century as irrelevant to the modern times. and compositions using simple cubic forms of the early nineteenth century PrussianNeo-Classical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel. but had three daughters: Dorothea . PERSONAL LIFE:In 1913. and was addressed. March 27. He sought a rational approach that would guide the creative process of architectural design. He admired the broad proportions. as Mies. He strove toward an architecture with a minimal framework of structural order balanced against the implied freedom of free-flowing open space. 1886 – August 19. He called his buildings "skin and bones" architecture. His mature buildings made use of modern materials such as industrial steel and plate glass to define interior spaces.[2] His talent was quickly recognized and he soon began independent commissions. Mies. despite his lack of a formal college-level education. like many of his post-World War I contemporaries. joining the movement seeking a return to the purity of early nineteenth century Germanic domestic styles. Mies served as construction manager of the Embassy of the German Empire in Saint Petersburg under Behrens. attention to the relationship of the man-made to nature. his surname. "less is more" and "God is in the details". He served as the last director of the Bauhaus. Alvar Aalto.INTRODUCTION: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies. sought to establish a new architectural style that could represent modern times just asClassical and Gothic did for their own eras. He worked in his father's stonecarving shop and at several local design firms before he moved to Berlin. the daughter of a wealthy industrialist. stated with extreme clarity and simplicity. Mies married Adele Auguste (Ada) Bruhn (1885-1951). where he joined the office of interior designer Bruno Paul.[1] He is commonly referred to.

Long Island.[5] who was a research scholar and curator at the Art Institute of Chicago.[6] In 1925 Mies began a relationship with designer Lilly Reich that ended when he moved to the United States. Czech Republic. though mostly unbuilt. and Waltraut (1917-1959). and later worked for. Mies began. While continuing his traditional neoclassical design practice Mies began to develop visionary projects that. He developed prominence as architectural director of the Werkbund. a disaster widely seen as a failure of the old world order of imperial leadership of Europe. During his military service in 1917. CARRIER:After World War I.[8] He continued with a series of pioneering projects. He was also one of the founders of the architectural association Der Ring.[7] He also was rumored to have a brief relationship with Edith Farnsworth. New York. working with the progressive design magazine G which started in July 1923. rocketed him to fame as an architect capable of giving form that was in harmony with the spirit of the emerging modern society. He joined the German avant-garde. an actress and dancer who was known as Georgia.(1914-2008). The weak points of traditional styles had been under attack by progressive theorists since the mid-nineteenth century. He joined the avantgarde Bauhaus design school as their director of architecture. from 1940 until his death. while still designing traditional neoclassical homes. organizing the influential Weissenhof Estate prototype modernist housing exhibition. Boldly abandoning ornament altogether. Mies fathered a son out of wedlock. followed by a taller curved version in 1922 named the Glass Skyscraper. 1938) studied under. Marianne's son Dirk Lohan (b. who commissioned his work for the Farnsworth House. completed in 1930. Marianne (1915-2003). artist Lora . Mies made a dramatic modernist debut with his stunning competition proposal for the faceted all-glass Friedrichstraße skyscraper in 1921. primarily for the contradictions of hiding modern construction technology with a facade of ornamented traditional styles. Mies carried on a romantic relationship with sculptor and art collector Mary Callery for whom he designed an artist's studio in Huntington. Progressive thinkers called for a completely new architectural design process guided by rational problem-solving and an exterior expression of modern materials and structure rather than the superficial application of classical facades.ing criticism of the historical styles gained substantial cultural credibility after World War I. The mount.2Marx (1900-1989) was his primary companion. Mies. a parallel experimental effort. He joined his avant-garde peers in the long-running search for a new style that would be suitable for the modern industrial age. The aristocratic classical revival styles were particularly reviled by many as the architectural symbol of a now-discredited and outmoded social system. culminating in his two European masterworks: the temporary German Pavilion for the Barcelona exposition (often called the Barcelona Pavilion) in 1929[9] (a 1986 reconstruction is now built on the original site) and the elegant Villa Tugendhat inBrno. adopting and developing their .

Mies found appeal in the use of simple rectilinear and planar forms. an administratively independent section of the Museum of Modern Art's department of architecture and design. The bold work of American architects was greatly admired by European architects. particularly the ideas of eradication of the superficial and unnecessary. ARCHIVES: The Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Archive. Mies based his architectural mission and principles on his understanding and interpretation of ideas developed by theorists and critics who pondered the declining relevance of the traditional design styles. models. the business correspondence) covering nearly the entire career of the architect. and periodicals. the layering of functional sub-spaces within an overall space and the distinct articulation of parts as expressed by Gerrit Rietveld appealed to Mies. It was founded in response to the architect's desire to bequeath his entire work to the museum. The Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Collection. The archive consists of about nineteen thousand drawings and prints. was established in 1968 by the museum's trustees. He served as its last director. and it's skyscrapers were greatly admired. that "ornament is a crime". of written documents (primarily. Archival materials are also held by the Ryerson & Burnham Libraries at the Art Institute of Chicago. articles. books. of photographs of buildings. Mies was enthralled with the free-flowing spaces of inter-connected rooms which encompass their outdoor surroundings as demonstrated by the open floor plans of the Wright's American Prairie Style. and materials related to his association with the Illinois Institute of . The design theories of Adolf Loos found resonance with Mies. one thousand of which are by the designer and architect Lilly Reich (1885–1947). and furniture. pure use of color.functionalist application of simple geometric forms in the design of useful objects. Like many other avant-garde architects of the day. and the extension of space around and beyond interior walls expounded by the Dutch De Stijl group. American engineering structures were also held up to be exemplary of the beauty possible in functional construction. replacing elaborate applied ornament with the straightforward display of materials and forms. Like other architects who viewed the exhibitions of Frank Lloyd Wright's Wasmuth Portfolio. He selectively adopted theoretical ideas such as the aesthetic credos of Russian Constructivism with their ideology of "efficient" sculptural assembly of modern industrial materials. Mies also admired his ideas about the nobility that could be found in the anonymity of modern life. In particular. and of audiotapes. 1929–1969 (bulk 1948–1960) includes correspondence. clean lines. Mies van der Rohe's close collaborator from 1927 to 1937. in the tongue-incheek humor of the day. Loos had famously declared.

Barcelona Czech Republic  Germany             Mexico  Spain  .Technology. Zehlendorf (1911) Werner House – Residential Home. Babelsberg (1926) Weissenhof Estate – Housing Exhibition coordinated by Mies and with a contribution by him. the Canadian Center for Architecture (drawings and photos) in Montreal. Weissensee (1932) Haus Lange/Haus Ester – Residential Home and an art museum. Potsdam (1917) Kempner House – Residential Home. Berlin (1968) Bacardi Office Building – Office Building. The Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Metropolitan Structures Collection. Toronto Westmount Square – Office & Residential Tower Complex. Brno (1930) Riehl House – Residential Home. the Library of Congress in Washington D. Montreal (1969) Tugendhat House – Residential Home. The audiobook Bauhaus Reviewed 1919–33 includes a short English language interview with Mies. includes scrapbooks and photographs documenting Chicago projects. Other archives are held at the University of Illinois at Chicago (personal book collection). Potsdam (1907) Perl House – Residential Home. Stuttgart (1927) Lemke House – Residential Home. Mexico City Barcelona Pavilion – World's Fair Pavilion. Wannsee (1922) Feldmann House – Residential Home. 1961–1969. Krefeld (1928) New National Gallery – Modern Art Museum. Montreal (1962) Filling station (closed) – Nuns' Island. Charlottenburg (1922) Eichstaedt House – Residential Home. the Newberry Library in Chicago (personal correspondence).C. LIST OF WORKS: Canada     Toronto-Dominion Centre – Office Tower Complex. Zehlendorf (1913) Urbig House – Residential Home. Wilmersdorf (1922) Mosler House – Residential Home. Westmount (1967) Tourelle-Sur-Rive – Residential apartment complex of three towers. Nuns' Island.

Maryland Colonnade and Pavilion Apartments – Residential Apartment Complex.[11] Commonwealth Promenade Apartments – Residential Apartment Complex. Richard King Mellon Hall of Science – Duquesne University. PA (1968) IBM Plaza – Office Tower. Jr. Chicago Meredith Hall – College of Journalism and Mass Communication. Michigan (1963). Chicago Martin Luther King. at the Illinois Institute of Technology (1956) University of Chicago School of Social Service Administration – Chicago. Chicago United States Post Office Loop Station – General Post Office. Baltimore. Chicago Kluczynski Federal Building – Office Tower. Chicago (1957)[12] Caroline Weiss Law Building. and other buildings. D. New Jersey (1959) Lafayette Park – Residential Apartment Complex.8 Highfield House Condominium | 4000 North Charles – Condominium Apartments. Houston . Chicago        One Illinois Center – Office Tower. Museum of Fine Art. Drake University. Washington. Memorial Library – District of Columbia Public Library. Illinois (1946) Chicago Federal Center    Dirksen Federal Building – Office Tower. Maryland. Pittsburgh. Cullinan Hall (1958) and Brown Pavilion (1974) additions. New York City (1958) Crown Hall – College of Architecture. Baltimore. Houston The Promontory Apartments – Residential Apartment Complex. Plano. Chicago One Charles Center – Office Tower. Des Moines. IA Lake Shore Drive Apartments – Residential Apartment Towers. IL (1965) Farnsworth House – Residential Home. Chicago Seagram Building – Office Tower. Detroit.C.United States             Cullinan Hall – Museum of Fine Arts. Newark.