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Bruce John Graham (December 1, 1925 – March 6, 2010) was a Colombian architect.

Among his most notable buildings are the Inland Steel Building, the Willis Tower (formerly the Sears Tower), the Hotel Arts in Barcelona and the John Hancock Center.[1] He worked with Fazlur Khan on all three constructions. Architectural historian Franz Schulze called him "the Burnham of his generationBorn on December 1, 1925 in La Cumbre, Colombia, Graham was the son of a Canadianborn father who was an international banker,[2] and a Peruvian mother. His first language was Spanish.[1] He attended Colegio San Jose de Rio Piedras, in Puerto Rico and graduated in 1944. He studied at the University of Dayton, Ohio and at the Case School of Applied Sciences in Cleveland, Ohio. He graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1948 with a degree in architecture. When he first came to Chicago, he worked for Holabird and Root and joined the Chicago office Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, the largest architectural firm in the United States in 1951.[3] He later headed that office and was a long time friend of Mies van der Rohe.[3] He was deeply involved with many aspects of developing the city of Chicago, from city planning, bringing great public art to the city and involvement in individual projects Bruce Graham built extensively all over the world from his home in Chicago, to Guatemala, Hong Kong, London, Cairo, and many other cities. He was extremely involved with the University of Pennsylvania, especially the School of Fine Arts. He believed that teachers of Architecture should be currently involved in its practice

He befriended Alexander Calder. Wacker Drive. He wa Bruce died on March 6. Barcelona. USA  1973 . Chicago.First Wisconsin Plaza. Illinois. music and literature to build great monuments. Illinois.Sears Tower (renamed Willis Tower). Spain .Arts Hotel. Milwaukee.Inland Steel Building. He also taught an Architectural studio at Harvard. 2010 at the age of 84 in Hobe Sound.He was committed to the study of Architectural Theory and started the SOM Foundation. USA  1974 . to name a few. Joan Miró. Wisconsin. Chicago. He invited these artists to create public works of Art for the city of Chicago.John Hancock Center. Chicago. history. USA  1970 . Florida MAJOR PROJECTS  1958 . USA  1992 . Chryssa and Chillida. Graham was a great collector of Art. He believed that the architect should be informed by philosophy.

On August 13. Illinois. in 2009 Willis Group Holdings obtained the right to rename the building. Sears Tower) is a 108-story.[2] At the time of its completion in 1973. surpassing the World Trade Center towers in New York. the building was officially renamed the Willis Tower. and still commonly referred to as. 2009.451-foot (442 m) skyscraper in Chicag o. On July 16. United Airlines announced it will be moving its corporate headquarters from 77 West Wacker Drive to the Willis Tower . The Willis Tower is the tallest building in the United States and the seventh-tallest freestanding structure in the world. 1. Named the Sears Tower throughout its history. and over one million people visit its observation deck each year. 2012.Willis Tower (formerly named. as part of their lease on a portion of its offices. The skyscraper is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Chicago. it was the tallest building in the world. and it held this rank for nearly 25 years.

Toronto • Willis Tower. it is the second tallest freestanding structure in the Americas. With a pinnacle height of 1729 feet (527 m). Chicago  The Willis Tower remains the tallest building in the Americas and the Western Hemisphere. Preceded byOne World Trade Center(1971)  Surpassed byPetronas Twin Towers  General information  Type Office. observation. Illinois 60606 United States .• Burj Khalifa. the Abraj Al Bait Towers. communication  Location233 S. the Tokyo Skytree. the CN Tower and theOstankino Tower. Dubai • CN Tower.2 m) in height. after the Burj Khalifa. As of September 2011. the Canton Tower. and is the only other freestanding structure in the Americas to exceed 1500 feet (457. Wacker Drive Chicago. as it is 86 feet (26 m) shorter than Toronto's CN Tower. the Willis Tower is the seventh tallest freestanding structure in the world (by pinnacle height).

354 ft)[1]  Technical details Floor count108[2] (+3 basement floors)Floor area416. Construction started 1970  Completed1973  HeightArchitectural442.000 m2(4.729 ft)[1  ]Top floor412.1 m (1.450 ft)[1]  Tip527 m (1.[1] with 16 double-decker elevators.800 sq ft)[1  ]Lifts/elevators104. made byWestinghouse.7 m (1.477. modernized by Schindler Group REFERENCES Wikipedia (internet) Books By Aswhin Durge .