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Operation Sense

Chapter 2

6

Name : .......................

n. twenty-four less than a number. You can do this by looking for key words. 4. . Explain your answer. Remember to look for key words. means 4 times b 4b 3ϩ6 2. contains only 9 Regroup • Write an algebraic expression for “nine increased by a number. k 5. thirty-eight divided by a number. Addition sum increase more than plus Subtraction difference decrease less than minus Multiplication product factors times multiplied by Division quotient equally divided divided by • Write a numerical expression for “nine increased by seven squared.1 Algebra: Use Expressions Writing numerical expressions and algebraic expressions requires translating words into numbers and symbols. 9Ϫd 3. the product of seven and twenty 7.” nine increased by a number. twelve increased by seventeen 6.” nine increased by seven squared ϩ 72 A numerical expression 28 numbers. 1. 24 Ϭ 12 Write a numerical or algebraic expression for the word expression. n ϩ Regroup An algebraic expression contains a variable. 28 9 n Identify each as a numerical expression or algebraic expression. m 1 of 9.Name LESSON 2.

w ϩ 178. 4. 84 divided by 8 Evaluate each expression. for r ϭ 109 and s ϭ 33 Mixed Review Multiply or divide. If the pattern continues. 18 ͤෆෆ 1. h ϩ k Ϫ 84. a Ϭ b. Use the table at the right. Column 2 a. c. a letter or symbol that stands for one or more numbers Write a numerical or algebraic expression for the word expression. 19 ϫ 48 9. 14. Column 1 1. for b ϭ 15 10.9 ෆ8 ෆ8 ෆ 18. for w ϭ 226 11. 8 multiplied by m 7. for a ϭ 253 and b ϭ 11 12. 8. for h ϭ 46 and k ϭ 73 13. 3. 631 ϫ 55 ᎏᎏ 16. six more than a number. r(s).Name LESSON 2. 54 ͤෆෆ 11 ෆ. x 6.8 ෆ5 ෆ4 ෆ 15.1 Use Expressions Vocabulary Write the correct letter from Column 2. 490 ϫ 117 ᎏ ᎏ ᎏ 17. a mathematical phrase that includes only numbers and operation symbols an expression that includes a variable numerical expression variable algebraic expression 2. . seven less than eleven 5. how many laps in all will 8 swimmers swim on the fourth day? Each Swimmer’s Training Schedule Day Laps 1 6 2 8 3 10 4 ᮀ 2 of 9. b. 63b.

1. 5 ϫ 7 ϭ 35 Replace y with 5. 17 Ϫ 9 ϭ 8.2 Algebra: Mental Math and Equations You can use the number facts you know to help solve equations. 48 Ϭ 6 ϭ 8. 8ϭ8 17 Ϫ 9 is equal to 8. ᎏᎏ k ϭ5 5 3. 48 Ϭ 6 ϭ 8 Replace d with 48. Check to be sure your answer is correct. w – 20 ϭ 10 8. 12 ϭ 12 8 ϩ 4 is equal to 12. 8s ϭ 64 7. • Solve the equation 8 ϩ x ϭ 12 by using • Solve the equation m Ϫ 9 ϭ 8 by using mental math. dϬ6ϭ8 d ϭ 48 The solution is 48. y ϫ 7 ϭ 35 yϭ5 The solution is 5. a–5ϭ9 Related fact: 9ϩ5ϭ The solution is 2. Check to be sure your answer is correct. Related fact: 9 ϩ 8 ϭ 17. 5 ϫ 7 ϭ 35. Check to be sure your answer is correct. Check to be sure your answer is correct.Name LESSON 2. 8 ϩ 4 ϭ 12. . n ϫ 9 ϭ 81 9. Remember. 35 ϭ 35 5 ϫ 7 is equal to 35. 8 ϩ x ϭ 12 xϭ4 The solution is 4. 17 Ϫ 9 ϭ 8 Replace m with 17. • Solve the equation d Ϭ 6 ϭ 8 by using mental math. • Solve the equation y ϫ 7 ϭ 35 by using mental math. 10 ϩ f ϭ 15 n ÷ 12 ϭ 3 6. x ϩ 9 ϭ 16 10. Related fact: 5ϫ5ϭ The solution is 5. you can use fact families to find missing numbers. mϪ9ϭ8 m ϭ 17 The solution is 17. 3r ϭ 18 Related fact: 18 Ϭ 3 ϭ The solution is 4. mental math. Related fact: 35 Ϭ 7 ϭ 5 So. Related fact: 12 Ϫ 8 ϭ 4 So. So. ᎏᎏ m ϭ 10 10 11 g – 30 ϭ 6 12. Related fact: 8 ϫ 6 ϭ 48 So. 8 ϩ 4 ϭ 12 Replace x with 4. Solve each equation by using mental math. 16 ϭ c ÷ 100 3 of 9. 8ϭ8 48 ÷ 6 is equal to 8.

p ϩ 62 ϭ 100 Mixed Review Find the sum or difference.Name LESSON 2. 42 Ϭ n ϭ 6. or 32 9. for h ϭ 65 and g ϭ 41 4 of 9.2 Mental Math and Equations Determine which of the given values is a solution of the equation. 6. 90 Ϭ t ϭ 15 16. c Ϭ 8 ϭ 3. or 28 7.732 ᎏᎏᎏ 28. 10. 8. for r ϭ 12 and s ϭ 30 34. m ϩ 7 ϭ 18. Estimate to check. 27. or 7 4. w Ϭ 9 ϭ 12 25. 72 ϩ v ϭ 85. 23. 9x ϭ 180 23. 63 ϭ d ϫ 7 21. h ϩ g. 50p. v ϭ 12. 390 ϩ 789 ᎏ ᎏ ᎏ 27. 6 ϫ h ϭ 300 13. 155 ϭ 5k. or 11 6. 6 ϭ v Ϫ 58 24.056 Ϫ 1. 31.813 Ϫ 9. 9. 47. k ϭ 30. n ϭ 5. s Ϫ 17 ϭ 10. 1. 13. for p ϭ 53 33. or 19 Solve each equation by using mental math. r ϫ s. 10. 21. n ϩ 701. . or 9 2. or 22 3. 31. or 24 8.507 ᎏᎏᎏ 30. d ϭ 7. 50 Ϫ t ϭ 28. or 14 5. m ϭ 9. c ϭ 22. 26. 8 ϭ 25 Ϫ x.978 ϩ 693 ᎏ ᎏ ᎏ 29. 73. m Ϫ 150 ϭ 420 17. f Ϫ 6 ϭ 98 19. s Ϫ 18 ϭ 40 14. 8 ϫ n ϭ 72 18. 1. 92 ϭ b ϩ 7 15. 4d ϭ 28. x ϭ 17. 18. t ϭ 20. c ϫ 4 ϭ 40 20. x Ϭ 2 ϭ 10 12. k ϩ 28 ϭ 32 22. s ϭ 26.681 ϩ 50. e ϩ 6 ϭ 20 11. for n ϭ 510 32.342 ᎏ ᎏ ᎏ ᎏ Evaluate each expression.

4 Use the Properties One way to find a sum or product mentally is to use a number property. 5. Numbers can be multiplied in any order without changing the product. 2. 45 ϩ 29 ϩ 55 ϭ 29 ϩ 45 ϩ 55 Order has been changed. Factors can be grouped differently. Use mental math. 8 ϫ 14 ϭ 8 ϫ ( ϭ (8 ϫ ϭ ϭ ϩ ϩ 4) ) ϩ (8 ϫ ) 6.3 . The sum is always the same. 5 ϫ 13 ϫ 8 ϭ 5 ϫ 8 ϫ 13 Order has been changed. . 19 ϩ 45 ϩ 21 ϩ 5 ϭ 19 ϩ ϭ ( ϭ ϭ ϩ ϩ )ϩ ( ϩ5 ) → → → Commutative Property Add. Name the reason for each step. 2.Name LESSON 2. (5 ϫ 13) ϫ 8 ϭ 5 ϫ (8 ϫ 13) Grouping has been changed. 21 ϩ 14 ϩ 29 ϩ 36 Complete to show how to use the Distributive Property to find each product. 16 ϩ 9 ϩ 24 3. (45 ϩ 29) ϩ 55 ϭ 29 ϩ (45 ϩ 55) Grouping has been changed. ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ Sum of two products ↑ ↑ 1. The product is always the same. 9 ϫ 34 ϭ 9 ϫ (30 ϩ ϭ (9 ϫ ϭ ϭ ϩ ) ) ) ϩ (9 ϫ 5 of 9. Distributive Property 25 ϫ 23 ϭ 25 ϫ (20 ϩ 3) ϭ (25 ϫ 20) ϩ (25 ϫ 3) Product of a number and a sum Associative Property Addends can be grouped differently. Complete to show how to find the sum. Commutative Property Numbers can be added in any order without changing the sum. 33 ϩ 26 ϩ 17 ϩ 44 4.

64 ϭ 43. 4ϫ4ϫ4 10 ϫ 10 ϫ 10 ϫ 10 ϫ 10 ϫ 10 2. base 7 10. 32.Name LESSON 2. Joan must find equal factors. Step 1 The base is 4. . 4. 1. 512. base 10 13. 5. base 3 8. Write in exponent form.000 base factors 10 used as a factor 5 times exponent 26 ϭ 2 ϫ 2 ϫ 2 ϫ 2 ϫ 2 ϫ 2 ϭ 64 base factors 2 used as a factor 6 times Joan is asked to express 64 using an exponent and the base 4. 36. 81.000. base 11 6 of 9. base 2 7. 3. 625. base 8 12. base 2 11. An exponent shows how many times a number called the base is used as a factor.000. kϫkϫkϫkϫk 30 ϫ 30 ϫ 30 ϫ 30 Express with an exponent and the base given. 8ϫ8 ϭ 64 4 ϫ 2 ϫ 2 ϫ 4 ϭ 64 4 ϫ 4 ϫ 4 ϭ 64 Step 2 Joan writes the base. 121. 1. 343. base 5 9. Then she counts how many times it is used as a factor. base 6 6. exponent 105 ϭ 10 ϫ 10 ϫ 10 ϫ 10 ϫ 10 ϭ 100.5 Exponents Powers of numbers can be written in exponent form. So. 128. 43 ← used as a factor 3 times ↑ base So.

5 Exponents Write the equal factors. 81. 8. base 3 19. base 4 16. 4ϫ4ϫ4ϫ4ϫ4ϫ4 Express with an exponent and the given base. 256. base 2 18. 125. 72 7 of 9. 10 ϫ 10 ϫ 10 ϫ 10 12.Name LESSON 2. 20. nϫnϫnϫn 10. 43 Write in exponent form. 54 3. 20 ϫ 14 ϫ 5 22. 182 5. 1. 14. 84 Ϫ 45 24.000. 105 4. 3ϫ3ϫ3ϫ3 25. Then find the value. 1ϫ1ϫ1 9. 151 7. 2. (9 ϫ 4) ϩ (9 ϫ 6) 23. 34 2. 729. base 9 17. base 10 Mixed Review Use mental math to find the value. . yϫy 13. 26 6. 65 ϩ 27 21. 6ϫ6ϫ6ϫ6ϫ6 11.000. base 5 15. 64.

Clear exponents. 9. Find the value of each expression. 2 ϫ 3 ϩ (6 Ϫ 2) Ϭ 2 ↓ 2ϫ3ϩ 4 Ϭ2 ↓ ↓ 6 ϩ ↓ 8 2 Evaluate the expression. 5. 28 Ϭ 4 Ϫ (4 ϩ 3) 28 Ϭ 4 Ϫ 5ϩ4ϩ ϩ 22 ϩ 16 Ϫ 8 ϩ 16 Ϫ 8 Ϫ8 Ϫ (6 ϩ 4)2 ϫ 8 ( )2 ϫ 8 ϫ8 A 1 B 5 3. Multiply and divide from left to right. 2. 5ϩ4ϩ7ϫ3 2. choose the letter that corresponds to the value. Step 2 There are no exponents. C 7 D 10 E 16 F 18 G 20 H 32 (5 ϫ 6) Ϭ (4 ϩ 2) 3 ϩ 1 Ϫ (18 Ϫ 9) 2 ϩ 5 Ϫ (4 ϩ 3) 2 2 6. Step 3 Multiply and divide in order from left to right. 10 ϩ 15 Ϫ 9 ϫ 2 (4 ϩ 8) ϫ 3 Ϭ 6 ϩ 10 4Ϭ2ϫ6Ϫ3ϩ3 2 8 of 9. 3. Step 4 Add and subtract in order from left to right. 1.Name LESSON 2. What is the value of 2 ϫ 3 ϩ (6 Ϫ 2) Ϭ 2? Step 1 Simplify inside parentheses. Operate inside parentheses. 8. 4. 4. 7. 10. 1.6 Algebra: Order of Operations When an expression involves more than one operation. you use the order of operations to evaluate it. . From the box at the right. Add and subtract from left to right.

(9 ϩ 2) ϫ (16 Ϫ 12)2 Evaluate the expression. 20. 12 ϫ 7 21. (15 Ϫ 5)2 Ϫ (4 ϫ 3) 10. 37 ϩ 62 22. (52 Ϫ 49)2 Ϭ 9 3. (6 ϩ 72) Ϭ 5 ϫ 2 8. t2 Ϫ 3 ϫ 8 18. 6ϫ6ϫ6ϫ6ϫ6 26. . 27 ϩ 9 ϫ s Mixed Review Use mental math to find the value. nϫnϫnϫnϫn 9 of 9. 1.Name LESSON 2. (12 Ϭ 2)3 ϩ (23 ϩ 13) 9. 5. 1.6 Order of Operations Give the correct order of operations. 3 ϫ (102 Ϫ 65) ϩ (52 ϫ 2) Evaluate the expression for s ϭ 5 and t ϭ 12. 434 Ϭ 7 23. (3 ϫ 72) Ϫ (53 Ϫ 92) ϩ 102 13.731 Ϫ 605 Write in exponent form. 27 Ϭ 3 ϩ 1 6. 2 ϫ t Ϫ 18 17. (6 ϩ 8) ϫ (9 Ϫ 8) 7. (57 ϩ 3) ϫ 24 11. 50 Ϭ s ϩ 7 15. 8ϫ8ϫ8ϫ8 25. 14. 24. 100 ϩ 62 Ϫ 9 2. s2 ϩ 150 16. 15 ϩ t Ϭ 6 19. (19 ϩ 9) Ϭ (23 Ϫ 1) ϩ 20 12. (52 ϩ 1) Ϭ 2 4.

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