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Arabic/Print version
From Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection 

‫ اءة وآ
 ا‬
LEARNING TO READ AND WRITE ARABIC 

‫أ  ل ا أ هـ ـ ا أه‬
<<

<<

The Alphabet ‫ا‬ 

Basics
The Arabic Alphabet (normal order)
The Arabic Alphabet (pyramid of rows)
How letters connect 

Row 4: ‫ف‬        

‫بتث‬
Rows 1 and 3: ‫ ك م ي‬
Row 6: ‫ا د ذ ر ز و‬
Row 2: ‫ط ظ‬
Row 7: ‫س ش ص ض ق ل ن‬
Row 5: ‫ج ح خ ع غ‬

Vowels 

‫ا‬        

The short vowels: a, i, u
FatHa (2
3)
Alif (4‫)أ‬
Dammah and waaw (‫ و واو‬56)
Kasrä and Yaa' (‫ ء‬7 ‫ة و‬8‫)آ‬
Tanween: an, in, un (97:;)
<َ‫( ـ‬ai/ei)
Sukuun (‫ن‬:>?) and Shaddä (‫@ة‬A)

After Learning the Alphabet ‫  ا‬      

Laam Alif (4‫م أ‬B)
Ligatures
Alif Maqsuura: ‫ ى‬vs. ‫( ي‬yaa)
Hamzä (‫ة‬D5‫)ه‬
ä: tied taa: (F:G ‫  ء‬:‫)ة‬
Al (‫)ال‬

http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version

6/20/2010

Arabic/Print version - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks

Page 2 of 32

Misc 

Lesson planning for a step-by-step introduction of the Arabic alphabet            

Alphabet, with sound, just click on a letter
Complete Arabic Script course (with sound)
Omniglot
Arabic Alphabet Quiz Choose the "Arabic" link.
Babel Arabic Writing Explanation
Arabic Alphabet with sound and lessons
Arabic Alphabet writing instructions

Downloads

Romanisation System
In order to make Arabic more accessible, this book uses transliteration along with Arabic written in Arabic letters.
The system used in this book is based on the loose conventions used to chat in Arabic when the Arabic alphabet is not
supported. 

The following numerals are used to represent Arabic letters not having a latin equivalent: 2 3 6 7 9 
2 represents hamza ‫( ء‬original alif sound). This is the sound that separates vowels for example if
"Martin" were written in Arabic. It would most likely not be written with a hamza, because that is not
how it is usually pronounced in English. But if you find that someone pronounces "Martin" as "Mart-in"
rather than "Mar-tin" then that pronunciation would be written with a hamza in Arabic (like this in
transliteration: mart2in). 
3 represents 3ain. 3ain is an important Arabic sound, and doesn't come automatically to people
unfamiliar with Arabic. 
6 is the "emphatic" "t" sound. It is a "t" sound pronounced with more of the tongue touching the roof of
the mouth. 
7 is a special "h" sound. It is pronounced far deeper in the throat the normal "h". 
9 is the emphatic "s" sound. Unlike the normal Arabic "s" sound this "s" sound is pronounced with the
tongue near the place behind the upper teeth. This is not a very important phoneme to master. 

The apostrophe is used to indicate modify consonants to represent different consonants. For example: t', d', 7',
3' represent the more frictive versions i.e. (the th in think, the th in "the", the throaty "ch" in Munich, the
throaty Parisian french "r" (approximately)).
The apostrophe is used after a vowel to lengthen it. 

The orthography or spelling conventions used with the transliteration are a compromise between transcribing actual
pronunciation, and spelling (although in Arabic they do not significantly differ). Keep the following in mind:   

tilde (~) indicates that the letter before must be pronounced like the letter after it. so (eL~Da'r must be
pronounced ed-da'r)
The definite article in Arabic will be spelt (L), It is pronounced the same as (L)
Anything in parentheses after a word are pronounced in some registers and not others. You will most likely
need to be capable of understanding Arabic pronounced either way.

Examples
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version

6/20/2010

9. one definite (i. We are there. the definite article helps indicate where "is/are/am". The boy is on the roof. 4. 2. Luckily. The sky is blue. la'm).e. Page 3 of 32 L kalime(tu) huna'k(a) L kita'b(u) huna'k(a) L kursiy(yu) huna'k(a) L madrase(tu) huna'k(a) L mu3allim(u) huna'k(a) L~tilmi'd'(u) huna'k(a) L qalam(u) huna'k(a) L ma77a'ye(tu) huna'k(a) L~daftar(u) huna'k(a) L kita'b(u) huna'lik(a) Lessons ‫دروس‬ The definite article ("the" in English) is "al" (spelled ‫ ال‬alif. The girls are here. Summary (Y) means some noun (Z) means some other noun → means "translates to" l. and "of" would be. 10. The book of the boy is here. 7. 8. If the first is indefinite then you know that "of" is implied between the two words. el). 5. But it has two extra jobs.Wikibooks. To illustrate: the striked-out words in the following English sentences would not translate into an Arabic word once the sentence is translated. I am going away. It basically does what the word "the" does.e. 3. 6. It is pronounced with the same sound as the name of the letter "L" (i. small words like "of" and "is" are not used. because in Arabic.Arabic/Print version . starts with "L") and one indefinite (starts without "L").indicates the Arabic definite article l-(Y) l-(Y) (Z) (Y) l-(Z) → → → the (Y) the (Y) is (Z) the (Y) of the (Z) Translation Exercise keetaab ‫ب‬ ِ ‫آ‬ book Mataar ‫ر‬  . collection of open-content textbooks 1. Whenever there are two words. if the first is definite then you know that "is/are/am" is implied between the two words. it goes before a definite noun.

airport mat3am   .

org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .1 http://en. restaurant unwan ‫ن‬ ُ‫ا‬  title/address kabeer  َ ‫ آ‬big sagheer    small al ketaab،‫ ا> ب‬.wikibooks.

N .‫ان ا> ب‬:. 9.5 al mat3am sagheer.N . The restaurant.8 .Arabic/Print version . The address of the restaurant. 4. The airport.7 I5‫ان ا‬:.3 al ketaab sagheer.JK I5‫ ا‬. The address of the airport.6 ‫ ر‬I5‫ان ا‬:. 8.2 al mat3am،I5‫ ا‬. collection of open-content textbooks Page 4 of 32 al mataar ،‫ ر‬I5‫ ا‬.JK ‫ ا> ب‬. 7. 2.M‫ ر آ‬I5‫ ا‬.N . The book is small. 3. 6.9 ‫ا‬ Romanisation Key 1.Wikibooks. The book. Translation Exercises Exercise 1  ُِ ‫آ‬ َ word ُ‫ِب‬ ‫آ‬book ‫ف‬ ُ !  (letter (of alphabet #  ّ$ ِ ‫آ‬ ُ chair  ُ$ ‫ر‬% . 5. The airport is big. The restaurant is small. The title of the book.4 al mataar kabeer.

school  ِ ّ .

teacher & ُ'ِ ِ ( student  َ) َ (pen(cil ‫ة‬ +ِ .

eraser ‫ب‬ $! computer  َ. ‫ د‬notebook ‫ك‬ َ ‫ ه‬there/here 0 َ1 ِ ‫ ه‬there http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .

‫ك‬ َ .‫ك‬ َ .ُ‫ ه‬Rُ 5ِ ‫ ا‬. The pen is there.5 .9 . The book is there.‫ك‬ َ .7 . 4.ُ‫ ُ ه‬7 ّ25َ ‫ ا‬.6 .2 .‫ك‬ َ .‫ك‬ َ .4 . The chair is there.11 .ُ‫ ُ ه‬5َ ِ>َ ‫ ا‬.ُ‫< ه‬ ُّ ?ُ>‫ ا‬.‫ك‬ َ .ُ‫َ@رَ? ُ ه‬5‫ ا‬.3 . 6.ُ‫ب ه‬ ُ ِ>‫ ا‬. The book is there. 10.Wikibooks.ُ‫ َِّ ُ ه‬5ُ ‫ ا‬.1 .‫ك‬ َ .10 .‫ك‬ َ .T َ ِ . 12.ُ‫ب ه‬ ُ ِ>‫ ا‬.ُ‫ َ ُ ه‬3َ@‫ ا‬.‫ك‬ َ . The computer is there. Exercise 2  َ.ُ‫َ ُ ه‬Sَ ‫ ا‬.12 ‫ا‬ Romanisation Key 2. ‫ د‬notebook 0 َ1 ِ ‫ ه‬there ‫ب‬ $! computer 2'$‫ أ‬eraser َ ) َ (pen(cil  ِ ّ . The teacher is there.ُ‫ب ه‬ ُ :? 2‫ ا‬.8 . collection of open-content textbooks Page 5 of 32 .‫ك‬ َ .‫ك‬ َ . 8.ُ‫ف ه‬ ُ َ2‫ ا‬.Arabic/Print version .

wikibooks.org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 . teacher http://en.

12 ‫ا‬ Romanisation Key 2. 4.‫ك‬ َ .ُ‫ َ ُ ه‬3َ@‫ ا‬. The book is here. 6.4 .ُ‫< ه‬ ُّ ?ُ>‫ ا‬.ُ‫ب ه‬ ُ :? 2‫ ا‬. The teacher is there.7 .wikibooks.T َ ِ .10 .ُ‫ ه‬Rُ 5ِ ‫ ا‬. The computer is there. http://en. The computer is there.‫ك‬ َ .‫ك‬ َ . 10. 12.ُ‫ َ ُ ه‬3َ@‫ ا‬.11 .ُ‫ب ه‬ ُ ِ>‫ ا‬.ُ‫ َِّ ُ ه‬5ُ ‫ ا‬.5 .Arabic/Print version .T َ ِ .ُ‫ ُ ه‬7 ّ25َ ‫ ا‬.T َ ِ . .Wikibooks.8 .‫ك‬ َ .3 .ُ‫َ ُ ه‬Sَ ‫ ا‬.2 .ُ‫ب ه‬ ُ ِ>‫ ا‬. collection of open-content textbooks Page 6 of 32 & ُ'ِ ِ ( student ‫ف‬ ُ !  (letter (of the alphabet ‫ب‬ ِ ‫ آ‬book ‫ك‬ َ ‫ ه‬there/here  ‫ ه‬here .1 .org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .6 .ُ‫ف ه‬ ُ َ2‫ ا‬.9 . The letter is there. The pen is there.T َ ِ .T َ ِ . 8.‫ك‬ َ .ُ‫ب ه‬ ُ :? 2‫ ا‬.‫ك‬ َ .

collection of open-content textbooks Page 7 of 32 Exercise 1 ‫د‬4.Wikibooks.Arabic/Print version .

available ‫د‬4.

5 unavailable ‫ آب‬book #$ ‫ آ‬chair ‫ب‬$! computer &'( student ) (pen(cil 67 eraser ‫ آ‬word ‫ر‬  .

airport   .

restaurant  ُ$ ‫ر‬% .

‫ ِد‬:U:َG ُ َV ‫ ُر‬Iَ5‫ ا‬.11 .wikibooks. .12 ‫ا‬ http://en.‫ ُد‬:U:َG < ُّ ?ُ>‫ ا‬.ُ‫ ُر ه‬Iَ5‫ ا‬.1 .‫د ِة‬:U:َG ُ َV ُ 7 ّ25َ ‫ ا‬.ُ‫ ه‬Rُ 5ِ ‫ ا‬.2 .‫ ِد‬:U:َG ُ َV ‫ب‬ ُ :? 2‫ ا‬.7 .‫ ُد‬:U:َG ُ َ Iَ5‫ ا‬.org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .‫ ُد‬:U:َG Rُ 5ِ ‫ ا‬.5 .8 .‫ك‬ َ . school ‫ ه‬here ‫ هك‬there .‫ ُد‬:U:َG ُ َSَ ‫ ا‬.ُ‫َ@رَ? ُ ه‬5‫ ا‬.9 .6 .3 .4 .T َ ِ .10 .‫ ُد‬:U:َG ‫ب‬ ُ ِ>‫ ا‬.‫د ِة‬:U:َG ُ َV ُ 5ِ>َ ‫ ا‬.

Wikibooks. The student is there. 4. The eraser is unavailable. 8. Exercise 1 Vocabulary % 46 (exists (to exist 8 doesn't ‫ب‬ ِ ‫ آ‬book  $‫ر‬ % . The chair is available. The airport is unavailable. 6. The airport is there. The student is available. 10. 12.Arabic/Print version . collection of open-content textbooks Page 8 of 32 Romanisation Key 2.

school   .

restaurant & ُ'ِ ( student ‫ر‬  .

There is no book .@َU: B ُ 5ِ>َ ‫ ا‬.There is an airport .4 .@َU: B ُ ?َ‫َ@ر‬5‫ ا‬.The word doesn't exist .There is a student .2 .5 .@َU:7 B ‫ب‬ ُ ِ>‫ ا‬. ك‬.There is no restaurant . airport  ُ  ِ‫آ‬ َ word  َ) َ pen . ك‬.R5 ‫ ه.3 .org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .There is no school .‫ ر‬IG ‫ ه.wikibooks.6 http://en.1 .IG @U:7 B .

There is a book .10 .‫ ر‬IG @َU:7 B . .7 . ك‬. ك‬X8.12 Key 2. ك‬Y . There's no airport. ك‬.Arabic/Print version .8 . 12  @U:7 B.There is no airport .9 .‫ ر‬IG ‫ ه. ‫ ه.?‫@ر‬G ‫ ه. 10 ?‫@ر‬G ‫ ه. 4 ?‫@ر‬G @U: B.There is a school .There is a pen . There is no school. ك‬. ك‬. ‫ ر‬IG ‫ ه. ك آ ب‬. 8 ‫دة‬:U:G V ُ 5>‫ا‬.‫دة‬:U:G V 5>‫ا‬.11 . collection of open-content textbooks Page 9 of 32 . There is no school. There is a student 6 W F ‫ه. The word doesn't exist.The word doesn't exist .Wikibooks.There is an airport .‫ ه.‫ ر‬IG @U:7 B Exercise 1 9ِ . There is no pen.

.

there is no ‫ك‬ َ ‫ ه‬there is a ‫ب‬ ِ ‫ آ‬book ‫ر‬  .

airport   .

restaurant  َ. ‫ د‬notebook :َ .<َ = .

hospital  ُ$ ‫ر‬% .

ُ‫ ه‬.wikibooks.org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .ُ َ IَG ‫ك‬ َ .3 . school #  ّ$ ‫آ‬ ُ chair  ُ> ّ? ُ (apartment (home ‫ة‬ ُ‫ر‬ ِ  (apartment (building .ُ‫ ه‬.‫ب‬ ُ ِ‫ك آ‬ َ .ُ‫ ه‬.‫ب‬ ِ ِ‫ آ‬9ِG G .4 http://en.‫ ُر‬IَG ‫ك‬ َ .2 .1 .

Z[\َ 8ُG ‫ك‬ َ .< ُّ ?ُ‫ آ‬9ِG G .7 .‫ ر ِة‬5ِN 9ِG G . There is no apartment building.12 ‫ا‬ Key 2.6 . 8.11 .Arabic/Print version .ُ‫ ه‬.ِ ?َ‫َ@ر‬G 9ِG G .8 .ُ‫ ه‬. There is no apartment.< ُّ ?ُ‫ك آ‬ َ .10 .9 . There is a book. There is no chair. collection of open-content textbooks Page 10 of 32 . Exercise 1  َ ‫ آ‬big @ %َ ) old    small % 6% 4 new A 'B ‫ ر‬cheap ‫ل‬ ِ5 expensive  ُِ .‫ ر ِة‬5ِN 9ِG G .5 . 10. There is a restaurant.Wikibooks. 6.ِ Sّ A ِ 9ِG G . There is a hospital. 12. 4.ِ َ 3َ‫ د‬9ِG G .

4 university  ُ> ّ? ُ apartment  ُ$ ‫ر‬ % .

school  ُ6 D +.

eraser  َ) َ pen ‫ر‬  .

airport ‫ب‬ $! computer  ُ> َ ّ? ُ (apartment (home .1 http://en.‫ ُة‬Mَ‫َ@رَ? ُ آ‬5‫ ا‬.wikibooks.org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .

6 .2 .10 . The eraser is new. The university is old. 10.ُ ِ V ُ 7 ّ25َ ‫ ا‬. 6.‫ل‬ ِ V ‫ب‬ ُ :? 2‫ ا‬. Translation Exercises Exercise 1 G ِ& ِ‫ه‬ E\‫َا‬ &‫ه‬ E this ‫ب‬ $! computer  َ) َ pen/pencil   .8 .7 .4 .ُ ِ V ُ ِG ]‫ ا‬.‫ ُة‬JَK ُ Sّ \ ُ ‫ ا‬.9 .‫@ ُة‬7@َU ُ ?َ‫َ@ر‬5‫ ا‬.‫@ ُة‬7@َU ُ Sّ \ ُ ‫ ا‬.‫@ ُة‬7@َU ُ 7 ّ25َ ‫ ا‬. The apartment is new.Wikibooks. 4. 12. The computer is expensive. The school is new.Arabic/Print version . collection of open-content textbooks Page 11 of 32 .11 .ُ Mَ‫ ُر آ‬Iَ5‫ ا‬.^ ُ _َ‫َ ُ ر‬Sَ ‫ ا‬.‫ل‬ ِ V ُ َ Iَ5‫ ا‬.12 ‫ا‬ Key 2. 8.5 . University is expensive.3 .ُ 57@َ ُ ِG ]‫ ا‬.

restaurant  ُ6D +.

org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .wikibooks. eraser http://en.

 ‫ د‬notebook & ُ'ِ ( student ‫ة‬ ُ&'ِ ( female student  ِ ّ .Arabic/Print version . collection of open-content textbooks Page 12 of 32  ُ> ّ? ُ (apartment (suite ‫ب‬ ِ ‫ آ‬book  َ.Wikibooks.

 teacher  ُّ  ِ .

ُ َ 3َ‫ا د‬Rٰ‫ ه‬.1 .11 .ُ َ IَG ‫ا‬Rٰ‫ ه‬.8 .‫ ُة‬R5ِ ِ Rِ ٰ‫ ه‬. This is an apartment.ُ ?َ‫َ@ر‬G ِ Rِ ٰ‫ ه‬. This is a (female) teacher. 4.ُ Sّ A ُ ِ Rِ ٰ‫ ه‬.10 .4 .  female teacher .5 .‫ب‬ ُ :? ` ‫ا‬Rٰ‫ ه‬.Rُ 5ِ ‫ا‬Rٰ‫ ه‬. Exercise 2 http://en.7 . This is a notebook. 10. This is a restaurant.ُ ََ ‫ا‬Rٰ‫ ه‬. This is a (male) teacher.org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .2 . This is a school.12 ‫ا‬ Key 2.9 .‫ب‬ ُ ِ‫ا آ‬Rٰ‫ ه‬. 6.6 . 12.wikibooks.ُ 7 ّ2Gَ ِ Rِ ٰ‫ ه‬.ُ َِّ Gُ ‫ا‬Rٰ‫ ه‬.ُ 5َِّ Gُ ِ Rِ ٰ‫ ه‬. 8.3 .

Wikibooks. collection of open-content textbooks Page 13 of 32 0 َ ْ( ِ \ 0 َ1 ِ‫ذ‬ H that ‫ة‬ ُ& َ'ِ ( student ‫ر‬  .Arabic/Print version .

airport ‫ب‬ ِ ‫ آ‬book   .

restaurant  ُ6D +.

eraser  َ) َ pen  ُّ  ِ .

\  ِ ّ .

10 .3 . 8.1 .‫ ُر‬IَG T َ ِٰ‫ ذ‬.ُ 5َِّ Gُ T َ ْ ِ .7 . That is a pen.‫ة‬R5ِ T َ ْ ِ .‫ب‬ ُ ِ‫ آ‬T َ ِٰ‫ ذ‬.9 .ُ َِّ Gُ T َ ِٰ‫ ذ‬. 10.wikibooks.5 .ُ َ IَG T َ ِٰ‫ ذ‬. 6.  teacher .ُ 7 ّ2Gَ T َ ْ ِ .8 . That is a (female) teacher. http://en.ُ 7 ّ2Gَ ِ Rِ ٰ‫ ه‬.ُ 5َِّ Gُ T َ ْ ِ .6 .2 . 4.Rُ 5ِ T َ ِٰ‫ ذ‬.12 ‫ا‬ Key 2.ُ ََ T َ ِٰ‫ ذ‬.‫ ُر‬IَG ‫ا‬Rٰ‫ ه‬. That is a (female) teacher. That is a restaurant. That is a (female) student. 12.4 .11 .org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 . That is an airport.

Wikibooks.Arabic/Print version . collection of open-content textbooks Page 14 of 32 Exercise 3 0 َ ْ( ِ \ 0 َ1 ِ‫ذ‬ H this/that G ِ& ِ‫ه‬ E\‫&ا‬E ‫ ه‬this 0 َ ْ( ِ \ 0 َ1 ِ‫ذ‬ H that ‫ر‬  .

airport   ْ.

restaurant  ُ6D +.

eraser  ُِ .

‫ ُر‬IَG T َ ِٰ‫ ذ‬.ُ Sّ A ُ T َ ْ ِ . ‫ د‬notebook .2 .9 .8 .org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .6 .4 .ُ ََ ‫ا‬Rٰ‫ ه‬.5 . 4.‫ ُر‬IَG T َ ِٰ‫ ذ‬.wikibooks.1 .3 .7 . That is a restaurant.10 .ُ ََ T َ ِٰ‫ ذ‬.ُ 7 ّ2Gَ T َ ْ ِ .12 ‫ا‬ Key 2.‫ ُة‬R5ِ ِ Rِ ٰ‫ ه‬.ُ ِG U T َ ْ ِ . http://en.11 .4 university  َ) َ pen ‫ة‬ ُ&'ِ (###BOT_TEXT###amp; ُ'ِ ( student  ُ> ّ? ُ (apartment (suite  َ.ُ ِG U T َ ْ ِ .ُ َ 3َ‫ د‬T َ ِٰ‫ ذ‬. That is a university.‫ ُة‬R5ِ T َ ْ ِ .ُ َ I ْ Gَ T َ ِٰ‫ ذ‬.

That is a pen. That is a pen. This is a student. 10. collection of open-content textbooks Page 15 of 32 6. 8. Translation Exercises Exercise 1 ‫ب‬ ِ ‫ آ‬book 9ِ . 12.Arabic/Print version .Wikibooks. That is a university.

from  ُ$ ‫ر‬% .

school  َ. ‫ د‬notebook ‫ر‬  .

airport K .

with ‫ب‬ ) ُ near  ُ6% .

city L in ‫ق‬ ََ . above  ُ> ّ? ُ (apartment (suite ‫ة‬ ُ‫ِر‬  (apartment (building #  ّ$ ‫آ‬ ُ chair ‫ض‬ ‫َر‬ ‫ أ‬ground  ُ1ِ ‫و‬P table Q +َ ( under  ِ ّ .

ِ ِ‫ و‬I‫ ا‬ZَN ‫ب‬ ُ ِ>‫ ا‬.‫ض‬ ِ ‫َر‬d‫ اـ‬ZَN < ُّ ?ُ>‫ ا‬.  teacher .2 .wikibooks.7 .12 http://en.ِ .ِ ?َ‫َ@ر‬5‫ ا‬9ِG ‫ب‬ ُ ِ>‫ ا‬.1 .5 .9 .7@َ5‫< ا‬3 ‫ ر ُة‬5ِ‫ ا‬.ِ .ِ Sّ \ ُ ‫< ا‬3 ‫ب‬ ُ ِ>‫ ا‬.‫ب‬ ِ ِ>‫ ا‬X َ 2َ ُ ِ‫ و‬I‫ ا‬.ِ َ 3َ@‫ ا‬cَ Gَ ‫ب‬ ُ ِ>‫ ا‬.‫ ِر‬Iَ5‫ ا‬9ِG ُ َ 3َ@‫ ا‬.7@َ5‫ب ا‬ َ ُ ‫ ُر‬Iَ5‫ ا‬.ِ .org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .‫ض‬ ِ ‫َر‬d‫ق اـ‬ َ :َ3 Y ُ 5َ\‫ ا‬.11 .6 .7@َ5‫< ا‬3 ‫ ُر‬Iَ5‫ ا‬.3 .8 .4 .‫ ِر‬Iَ5‫< ا‬3 ُ َِّ 5ُ ‫ ا‬.10 .

5 . 10.f ُ Mَ ‫ا‬Rَ‫ ه‬. The book is on the table.ُ 2Mَ T َ ِ .1 . 9.Arabic/Print version .3 . collection of open-content textbooks Page 16 of 32 ‫ا‬ Key 1.4 . The notebook is from the airport.Wikibooks.2 . The chair is on the ground. The book is in the apartment. The airport is near the city. The table is under the book. Translation Exercises Exercise 1 ‫ك‬ َ(\‫ك‬ َ‫ ذا‬this/that  َ ‫ آ‬big R ُ' 4 pretty/beautiful S 'َ ) ugly % ' ِ ّ4  good A 'B ‫ ر‬cheap ‫ل‬ ِ5 expensive/dear G ِ& ِ‫ه‬ \‫&ا‬ ‫ ه‬this 0 َِ (###BOT_TEXT### َ1 ِ‫ذ‬ َ that . 12.ُ Mَ‫ك آ‬ َ ‫ ذا‬. 8. 3.e ُ 5َU ‫ك‬ َ  . The apartment building is in the city. 7.@ُ ِّ U َ T َ ِ‫ َذ‬. 6. 11. 4.org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .wikibooks.6 http://en. The book is from the school. 2. 5. The teacher is in the airport.‫ ِّ@ ُة‬U َ T َ ِ . The book is with the notebok. The sun is above the earth. The airport is in the city.

This is cheap.ُ Mَ‫ا آ‬Rَ‫ ه‬.ُ ِ V T َ ِ .ُ 5َU ‫ك‬ َ  . 8.Wikibooks.^ ُ _َ‫ا ر‬Rَ‫ ه‬. 12.12 ‫ا‬ Key 2. That is good.Arabic/Print version . 10. That is good.11 . That is expensive. collection of open-content textbooks Page 17 of 32 .‫ل‬ ِ V T َ ِ‫ َذ‬.9 .8 .10 . Translation Exercises Exercise 1 9 ُ+َ T we  ْTَ ‫ أ‬I  ‫ ه‬here ‫د‬ 4 . That is pretty.7 . 4. 6. That is cheap.ُ g_َ‫ ر‬T َ ِ .

available L in ‫ر‬  .

airport  ‫ه‬  he   .

restaurant :  on ‫ض‬ ‫َر‬ ‫ أ‬ground R ُ' 4 beautiful Q Tَ ‫( أ‬you (to a male Q ِTَ ‫( أ‬you (to a female  ُ$ ‫ر‬% .

org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 . school 0 َ1 ِ ‫ ه‬there S 'َ ) ugly ‫ق‬ ُ$ marketplace http://en.wikibooks.

‫ق‬ ِ :8‫< ا‬3 X َ hَ‫ أ‬.‫ض‬ ِ ‫َر‬d‫ اـ‬ZَN 9 ُ 2َh .‫ ِر‬Iَ5‫< ا‬3 X َ hَ‫ أ‬.f ُ Mَ :َ ‫ ُه‬.1 . You are in the market/mall.Arabic/Print version . I am available. She is pretty. We are Here.2 .6 . He is in the restaurant.4 .7 . collection of open-content textbooks Page 18 of 32 . 6.son Translation Exercises http://en.11 . He is ugly.T َ ِ .ُ 5َU < َ ‫ ِه‬. 3. You are in school/ the school.ِ ?َ‫َ@ر‬5‫< ا‬3 X َ hَ‫ أ‬.12 ‫ا‬ Key 1.3 . 8. .ُ‫ ه‬X َ hَ‫ أ‬.Wikibooks.‫ ِر‬Iَ5‫< ا‬3 hَ‫ أ‬.9 . 2.Mother 15.5 . 10. 13.10 . You are there. 4. I Am in the Airport.wikibooks. 12. . 11.8 .org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .‫ ُد‬:U:َG hَ‫ أ‬.ُ‫ ه‬9 ُ 2َh .ُ‫ ه‬hَ‫ أ‬.Father 14.ِ َ Iَ5‫< ا‬3 :َ ‫ ُه‬.

Arabic/Print version .Wikibooks. collection of open-content textbooks Page 19 of 32 Exercise 1 ‫ب‬ ِ ‫ُآ‬book #‫ ـ‬my % 6% 4 new ‫ة‬ ُ‫ر‬V '$ car A 'B ‫ ر‬cheap % ' W far   .

<َ = . restaurant X‫ُـ‬his ‫ب‬ $! computer ‫ل‬ ِ5 expensive 0 َ‫ ـ‬your 0 ِ‫( ـ‬your (to a female ‫ء‬ ُ# ِ ّ$ bad  ‫ ه‬here :.

^ ُ _َ‫ ر‬iُ5َ IَG .6 .2 .12 ‫ا‬ http://en.4 .10 .ُ M7َ Z[\َ 8ُ5‫ ا‬.1 .‫< ُء‬ ِّ ? َ T َ 5ُ َِّ Gُ .3 .‫ ِّ@ ُة‬U َ iُ ? َ ‫َ@ َر‬G . .ُ g_َ‫?ّ َرِ< ر‬ َ .َ ه‬ َ ‫َ@ َر‬G .‫ل‬ ِ V iُ:? ` .11 .ُ‫? ُ .wikibooks.7 .ُ JَK ‫ك‬ َ ُ َ 3َ‫ د‬. hospital Z 6 ) َ close    small .@ُ َ iُ5َ IَG .9 .8 .org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .‫ َ@ ُة‬T َ ُ ‫?ّ َر‬ َ .5 .ُ JَK T َ 5ُ َ IَG .@ُ 7@َU <ِ ِ‫ آ‬.

12. Your restaurant is small. 10.Arabic/Print version .Wikibooks. His restaurant is cheap. Your school is good. My car is cheap. 6. Our school is here. collection of open-content textbooks Page 20 of 32 Key 1. 8. My book is new. 4. 2. Your car is far. Exercise 1 % ِ  ("at(used to mean "to have ‫ب‬ ِ ‫ آ‬book .

negation ‫ي‬%ِ  I have ‫ك‬ َ% ِ  you have ‫ك‬ ِ% ِ  (you have (to a female G % ِ  he has T %ِ  we have ‫ة‬ ُ‫ر‬V '$ car   .

restaurant Q ' W house  َ) َ pen  ُ$ ‫ر‬% .

school ‫ب‬ $! computer  ُ6D +.

‫ب‬ ُ ِ‫ِ.ُ َ IَG َ@.8 .10 .@ِي‬N .ُ 7 ّ2Gَ ‫ِ.3 .ِN .ُ ?َ‫َ@ر‬G َh@َ .ِN .@ِي‬N G .7 .wikibooks.1 .ِN .‫ب‬ ُ ِ‫ك آ‬ َ @َ .ِN .11 http://en.ِN .@ِي‬N .5 .‫?ّ ر ُة‬ َ ‫ِ.@ِي‬N G .‫ب‬ ُ ِ‫ك آ‬ ِ @َ .@ِي آ‬N G .4 .‫ب‬ ُ :? ` ‫ِ.org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .X ُ َ َh@َ .2 .ُ ََ ‫ِ.6 . eraser Q ' W house .9 .ِN .‫ب‬ ُ ِ‫ك آ‬ َ @َ .

‫ك‬ َ . He has a restaurant.‫ك‬ َ .Arabic/Print version .‫ك‬ َ .4 .7 .ُ‫ك ه‬ ِ ُ َ 3َ‫ د‬. 10. collection of open-content textbooks Page 21 of 32 .2 .ُ‫ آُ? ُّ.1 .8 .ُ‫.‫ك‬ َ .12 ‫ا‬ Key 2.‫ك‬ َ .6 .10 http://en.‫ك‬ َ .wikibooks.ُ‫ ه‬iُ َ ?ِ‫ ر‬.ِN G .ُ‫ ُ .‫ك‬ َ . I don't have a pen.3 .‫ك‬ َ .َ ه‬.‫ك‬ َ .Wikibooks.ُ‫ آِ ِ< ه‬. 4. I have a computer.َ ه‬7َ ّ2Gَ . Exercise 1 Vocab .ُ‫ِي ه‬R5ِ . I don't have a book.ُ‫ ه‬T َ 5ُ ََ .‫ك‬ َ .5 .X ُ َ َh@َ . You (female) have a book.َ ه‬5ُ َِّ Gُ .org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .ُ‫ ه‬iُ:? ` . 8.ُ‫ ه‬jُ ?َ‫َ@ر‬G . We don't have a house. 6.9 . 12.

5 . His letter is there.3 .ُ‫َ ه‬jُّ ?ُ‫ آ‬.10 .6 .wikibooks.T َ ِ .11 .ُ‫هَ ه‬Rُ 5ِ .‫ك‬ َ . .‫ك‬ َ .2 . Our eraser is there.4 .ُ‫ ه‬iُّ ?ُ‫ آ‬.ُ‫ك ه‬ َ ُ َ 3َ‫ د‬.ُ‫ ه‬T ِ ُ 7 ّ25َ ‫ ا‬.‫ك‬ َ .T َ ِ .ُ‫?ّ َرِ< ه‬ َ .‫ك‬ َ . 4.‫ك‬ َ .T َ ِ .8 .12 http://en. Exercise 2 Vocab .ُ‫ ه‬iُ:? ` .Wikibooks. 2.1 . My student is there.َ ه‬:? ` .ُ‫ُ ه‬R5ِ . Our chair is there.ُ‫ َ ِ< ه‬.T َ ِ .org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 . Your notebook is there.T َ ِ .Arabic/Print version .7 .ُ‫ ه‬iُ5ََ . collection of open-content textbooks Page 22 of 32 ‫ا‬ Key 1.ُ‫ِ< ه‬5َِّ Gُ .ُ‫ ُ. . 8. Their school is there.9 . 3. My book is there. 10. 6.

ُ 57@َ iُ ِG U . Our computer is here.َ آ‬ َ ‫َ@ َر‬G .‫ ُة‬JَK َj ُ Sَّ A ُ . His computer is there. 8.17 . My house is there. Her school is here.1 .‫ ُد‬:U:َG iُ5َ IَG .org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .ُ‫َ ه‬h‫ ُر‬IَG . 18.18 ‫ا‬ Key 2.wikibooks. Her student is there.3 http://en.Wikibooks. Exercise 3 Vocab . 6. His eraser is unavailable.T َ ِ .ُ‫ ه‬iُ 7َ ّ2Gَ . .Arabic/Print version . collection of open-content textbooks Page 23 of 32 .14 .T َ ِ . His pen is there. 12. His restaurant is available. 4.‫ ُة‬Mَ‫? ُ .‫ك‬ َ .16 . 14.ُ‫ُ ه‬R5ِ .15 .13 . 16.‫د ِة‬:U:َG ُ َV iُ 7َ ّ2Gَ . 10. His chair is there.ُ‫َ ه‬j ُ ? َ ‫َ@ َر‬G .2 .

‫ل‬ ِ V iُ:? ` .ُ ِ V iُ 7َ ّ2Gَ .12 ‫ا‬ Key 2. 6. Exercise 4 Vocab . 12.7 . His school is new.ُ ِ V َ. ُ َ Gِ U .‫@ ُة‬7@َU iُ 7َ ّ2Gَ .2 http://en.9 .5 . collection of open-content textbooks Page 24 of 32 .<ِ ? َ ‫َ@ َر‬G ِ Rِ ‫ َه‬.^ ُ _َ‫ِ< ر‬5ََ .4 .1 .6 .11 .ُ Mَ‫َ آ‬h‫ ُر‬IَG . 8.org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 . My apartment is new. 10. Her school is small.‫@ ُة‬7@َU <ِ Sّ A ُ .Arabic/Print version .<ِ:? ` ‫ا‬Rَ‫ ه‬.‫@ ُة‬7@َU iُ ? َ ‫َ@ َر‬G .‫ل‬ ِ V <ِ5َ IَG . 4.10 . His computer is expensive.8 . His university is old. Our university is expensive.Wikibooks.wikibooks.

collection of open-content textbooks Page 25 of 32 .Arabic/Print version . ُ 5َ َِّ Gُ ‫ا‬Rَ‫ ه‬.wikibooks.<ِ 5َ َِّ Gُ ِ Rِ ‫ َه‬.iُ 7َ ّ2Gَ ِ Rِ ‫ َه‬.12 ‫ا‬ Key 2.11 .9 .iُ ِ‫ا آ‬Rَ‫ ه‬. This is his apartment.org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .iُ Sَّ A ُ ِ Rِ ‫ َه‬.‫ِي‬R5ِ ِ Rِ ‫ َه‬. 6.10 .5 .5ُ ََ ‫ا‬Rَ‫ ه‬. 8.6 . َhRُ 5ِ ‫ا‬Rَ‫ ه‬. َ. This is our (female) teacher.3 .4 . Exercise 5 Vocab . This is his notebook.7 . 12. 4.1 http://en.Wikibooks. 10. This is my (female) teacher. َ. This is our restaurant.ُR5ِ T َ ِ‫ َذ‬.ُ َ 3َ‫ا د‬Rَ‫ ه‬.8 . َ.5ُ َ IَG ‫ا‬Rَ‫ ه‬. This is my school.

5 .iُ َ Gِ U T َ ِ . 10.12 ‫ا‬ Key 2. Exercise 6 Vocab http://en. َjُ R5ِ T َ ِ .iُ5َ IَG ‫ك‬ َ ‫ ذا‬. This is my (female) student. َ. That is my teacher.3 . 12. 6.iُ 5َ َِّ Gُ ‫ك‬ َ  . This is my eraser.<ِ 7َ ّ2Gَ ِ Rِ ‫ َه‬.2 .11 . That is his restaurant.wikibooks. َ.iُ Sَّ A ُ ‫ك‬ َ  .<ِ5ََ T َ ِ‫ َذ‬.5ُ َِّ Gُ T َ ِ‫ َذ‬.org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 . 4.6 .10 . collection of open-content textbooks Page 26 of 32 .Wikibooks.ُ Rَ 5ِ ِ Rِ ‫ َه‬.9 .Arabic/Print version .8 . 8. That is his university.4 . That is her (female) student. َ. ُ 5َ َِّ Gُ T َ ِ .iُ 7َ ّ2Gَ ‫ك‬ َ  .7 .

My car is near the airport.5 .3 .ِ ?َ‫َ@ر‬5‫ ا‬9ِG <ِ ِ‫ آ‬. 6.‫ض‬ ِ ‫َر‬d‫ اـ‬ZَN iُّ ?ُ‫ آ‬. His chair is on the ground.‫ ِر‬Iَ5‫< ا‬3 َ.org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .‫ ِر‬Iَ5‫< ا‬3 ‫ ِر‬Iَ5‫ َ ُ ا‬IَG . Exercise 7 Vocab . 8.1 .5 http://en.7@َ5‫ ا‬9ِG iُ‫?ّ َر‬ َ .7@َ5‫ ا‬Z[\َ 8ُG .Wikibooks. collection of open-content textbooks Page 27 of 32 .4 .ِ َ 3َ@‫ ا‬cَ Gَ iُ ِ‫ آ‬.ِ .‫ ِر‬Iَ5‫ب ا‬ َ ُ <ِِ ‫?ّ َر‬ َ . Our teacher is in the airport.َG .iُ Sَّ A ُ e ِU ُ َ ‫ل ا‬ ُ Dِ . 4.2 .1 .3 .iِ َ‫ ِو‬F ZَN َ.‫ ُة‬Mَ‫ِ ِ آ‬k ‫ ا‬X ُ َ .wikibooks. His car is from the city.ُ 57@َ ‫َأ ِة‬GB‫?ّ ر ُة ا‬ َ .7 .Arabic/Print version .ُ ِ‫ آ‬. َj ِ Sَّ A ُ <3 َjُ ِ‫ آ‬.5ُ َِّ Gُ .8 ‫ا‬ Key 2.2 .4 .6 .ُ [lَh ِ .

org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 . .‫ح‬ ُ : [َG iِ َ ‫ب‬ ُ  .@ِي د‬N .10 . 8. I have the keys of the house.1 .9 .8 .‫ح‬ ُ : [َG ‫ّ ر ِة‬8 َ ‫ب ا‬ ُ  .4 .5 http://en.‫.ِN G .ُ Mَ‫ِ< آ‬S7@َK X ُ َ . 4.wikibooks. 10.َ 7@َG ُ َ Gِ U . The home of the man is his apartment. 12.‫@ ُة‬7@َU <ِ Sَ 7@َK ‫?ّ ر ُة‬ َ . The city's hospital is clean.‫ ُة‬JَK َj ِ . collection of open-content textbooks Page 28 of 32 .ُ‫ِ ِ ه‬G ]‫ ا‬Rُ 5ِ .ُ‫َأ ِة ه‬GB‫ ََ ُ ا‬. 6.6 .X ِ َM‫ح ا‬ ُ [ِG ‫ِ.Wikibooks. ِ َ@ ُة‬7@َ5‫ ُر ا‬IَG .‫ّ ر ِة‬8 َ ‫ح ا‬ ُ [ِG ‫ك‬ َ @َ . The door of the home is closed. The woman's pen is here.‫ل‬ ُ :[SَG ‫ل‬ ِ Dِ .َ5‫ب ا‬ ُ  .<ِS7@َK ُ َ 3َ‫ِ.T َ ِ .@ِي‬N . The airport of the city is far.3 .12 ‫ا‬ Key 2. Exercise 8 Vocab .Arabic/Print version .7 .2 .11 .

7 .X ِ َM‫ ا‬Zِ‫ إ‬W َ ‫ َذ َه‬.ُ‫. The university of her city is small.ُ‫ ه‬iِS7@َK ُ ?َ‫َ@ر‬G .Wikibooks.َ 7@َG Zِ‫ إ‬Zَ‫ أ‬.MَG .َ ه‬Sِ 7@َK Z[\َ 8ُG . The school of his friend is far. َ. The house of his family is here.<ِ‫?ّ َر‬ َ ‫ح‬ ُ [ِG ِ@. He has the keys to my car. collection of open-content textbooks Page 29 of 32 .XَM‫ َذ َه‬.org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .12 ‫ا‬ Key 2.wikibooks.MَG . 4.9 .ُ‫ ه‬iِ َkِ N X ُ َ . .ِN .Arabic/Print version .‫ َ@ ُة‬iِS7@َK ُ ?َ‫َ@ر‬G .3 . The building of the hospital is old.ُ 57@َ Z[\َ 8ُ5‫ ا‬Z. ِ . .1 . 8. 10.4 http://en. .10 . 12.ُ 57@َ ِ ?َ‫َ@ر‬5‫ ا‬Z.‫ق‬ ِ :8‫ ا‬Zِ‫ إ‬Z\َG .8 . Exercise 9 Vocab .6 .2 .11 . 6. The school of her friend is new.

. Exercise 10 Vocab .6 .ِ ِG ]‫ ا‬Zِ‫ إ‬Xَ\Gَ . 10.‫ق‬ ِ :8‫ ا‬Zِ‫ إ‬Xَ\Gَ . He went to the hospital. َ‫ ِه‬7َ? <3 XَG h .ُ‫ ه‬Y َ َU َ . َ‫ ِ ِده‬Zِ‫ إ‬W ُ ‫ َه‬Rَ .ِ7َ? <3 ‫ َم‬h . collection of open-content textbooks Page 30 of 32 .10 . َ.3 http://en.5 .9 .Arabic/Print version . 12. She sat here. He sat here.2 . .7 .org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .‫ق‬ ِ :8‫ ا‬Z‫ إ‬Xَ\Gَ .wikibooks. 6.12 ‫ا‬ Key 2.َ gِG Z‫ إ‬XَM‫ َذ َه‬. 8.Wikibooks.11 .8 . She slept in her bed. She went. ِ Sَّ A ُ Zِ‫ إ‬Xَ‫ َأ‬.Z[\َ 8ُ5‫ ا‬Z‫ إ‬W َ ‫ َذ َه‬. 4.ُ‫ ه‬Xَ8َU َ .1 . He came to our city.

6.9 ‫ا‬ Key 2.Wikibooks.. She sleeps in (the) bed./ lutfan/ (min 'fad/lak). which vary from place to place.org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 .X ِ َM‫< ا‬3 ً52َ e ُ ‫ ُآ‬dَ .wikibooks.5 . Pronunciation guide: Stress in Arabic is most often on the penultimate syllable (i.< ِّ ?ُ>‫ ا‬ZَN Y ُ ِ]َ .< ِّ ?ُ>‫ ا‬ZَN Xَ8َU َ . the one preceding the last).Arabic/Print version . collection of open-content textbooks Page 31 of 32 . Translation Phrase IPA Pronunciation Arabic ّ‫ا‬ /alȥaraɑbijja/ (al-ara'beeya) hello/welcome ًM`G /marɑħaba/ (mar'Haba) ‫?م‬ / sa'lām/ (sa-laam) see you ‫ ء‬S‫ ا‬Z‫إ‬ /ilalliɑqaȤ/ (ila-lli'qa') goodbye G8‫ ا‬cG /maȥa ssaɑlaːma/ (ma-a ssa'la:ma) please ً [I / To3 9G /min ɑfadɊlak/. 4.‫ن‬ َ >َ5‫ َدرَت ا‬V .ِ َ Iَ5‫< ا‬3 ‫ًا‬DMُ_ Xَ‫ َأ َآ‬. Arabic (Semitic) See also: List of Islamic terms in Arabic Note that this is relevant only to Modern Standard Arabic and not to the colloquial forms of Arabic spoken in daily life.6 .ِ 7َ8‫< ا‬3 ‫ َ.(Lutfan) thanks ‫>ًا‬A /ɑȓukran/ ('Shukran) that one Tٰ‫ذ‬ /ɑðālika/ ('Daalika) How much/How http://en. She goes to her (home) country/land.8 . Also. ُم‬.e. She ate bread in the restaurant.4 .7 . She left the place. 8. some of the following expressions were written only to suit a male speaker.

alɑħamdu lilɊɑlɊahi. and you? Bye Where is the airport? ‫ ر؟‬I5‫ ا‬97‫أ‬ (bi'xejrin. kayfa lħa l/ ː ː ‫ ل؟‬2‫ ا‬4‫آ‬ . ck U h‫أ‬ // (Ana ju:a:n) I feel tired. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. waɑkejfa Ȥant/ ‫؟‬Xh‫ أ‬4‫وآ‬ (wa-a'lejkumu ssa'la:m. W   A‫أ‬ // (Ash'ur bitta'b) Retrieved from "http://en.org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version 6/20/2010 . /alȤinkliɑzeeya/ (colloquial) I don’t know ‫ف‬N‫ أ‬B /laː ɑȤaȥrifu/ (la: 'a-rifu) I have no clue. at 22:43.]@ة‬ // (Annajda:) I am hungry. al'Hamdu lil/'l/ahi.Arabic/Print version .wikibooks.Wikibooks. kejfa lHa:l) N‫ود‬ /wada:ȥan/ (Wida'an) // (Ayna al-maTa:r?) Fine.org/wiki/Arabic/Print_version"   This page was last modified on 24 July 2008. collection of open-content textbooks Page 32 of 32 many? ‫آْ؟‬ English ّ7D]hr‫ا‬ yes h /ɑnaȥam/ ('na-am) no B /laː/ (la:) Where's the bathroom? ‫ّ م؟‬52‫ ا‬97‫أ‬ /Ȥejna-l-ħamɑmaːm/ (ein-al-Ham'ma:m) /ɑma smuk/ ('ma smuk) What is your name? ‫؟‬T5?‫ ا‬G /kam/ (kam) /alȤinȴliɑzeeya/ (formal).wikibooks. how are you? !‫م‬8‫> ا‬N‫ و‬/waȥaɑlejkumu ssaɑla m. http://en. wa'kejfa ant) Help! !‫ا.u @52‫ ا‬،v /biɑxejrin. ‫ أدري‬B // () I don’t understand j3‫ أ‬B /laː ɑȤafham/ (la: 'afham) I don’t remember ‫آ‬R‫ أ‬B /laː Ȥataɑðakkar/ (la: ata'Dakkar) Welcome >  ً j?‫ و‬ ً ‫ أه‬/ɑahlan waɑsahlan ɑbikum/ ('ahlan wa'sahlan 'bikum) I am sick s7G h‫أ‬ /Ȥana maɑriːdɊ/ ('ana ma'ri:d/) Hello >N ‫م‬8‫ا‬ /assaɑlaːm ȥaɑlejkum/ (assa'la:m aa'laykum) Hello (response). additional terms may apply. See Terms of Use for details.