Osho, From Ignorance to Innocence.docx | Thought | Propositional Attitudes

Motto: Filozofia gandirii pozitive inseamna a fi fals, inseamna a fi necinstit.

Inseamna a vedea un anumit lucru si totusi a-l nega, inseamna sa te inseli pe tine si pe altii.

Odata Gautama Buddha a fost intrebat, "De ce nu-ti inveti discipolii sa se roage?" A fost o intrebare evidenta - o religie fara rugaciune este pur si simplu de neconceput pentru multi oameni. Iar raspunsul lui Buddha este la fel de proaspat si astazi, asa cum a fost douazeci si cinci de secole in urma: "nu-i invat sa se roage pentru ca rugaciunile le vor face rau. Acum ei nu sunt suficient de constienti pentru a cere nimic, si orice ar cere ar fi gresit. In primul rand trebuie sa devina suficient de constienti. Eu ii ajut sa devina mai constienti. Apoi e la latitudinea lor. Gandirea pozitiva este filozofia de rahat cu care America a contribuit la gandirea umana - singura - nimic altceva. Dale Carnegie, Napoleon Hill si preotul crestin Vincent Peale - toti acesti oameni au umplut mintea intregii americi cu aceasta idee absolut absurda a filozofiei pozitive. Si prinde in special la mintile mediocre. Cartea lui Dale Carnegie, Cum sa castigi prieteni si oameni de influenta, a fost vanduta in numar comparabil cu Biblia crestina. Nici o alta carte a fost in masura sa ajunga la acea popularitate. Biblia crestina nici nu ar trebui sa fie un concurent, de fapt, pentru ca este mai mult sau mai putin oferita gratuit/fortat. Dar cartea Dale Carnegie a fost de cumparata, nu a fost data gratuit. Si a creat un anumit tip de ideologie, care a dat nastere la mai multe carti de aceeasi natura. Dar pentru mine este dezgustator. ... Dale Carnegie a inceput toata aceasta scoala de filosofie pozitiva: sa nu vezi partea negativa, sa nu vezi partea intunecata. Dar daca nu o vezi tu, crezi ca dispare? Te inseli doar. Nu se poate schimba realitatea. Intunericul va fi in continuare acolo. va puteti gandi ca e zi douazeci si patru de ore, dar asta nu va face sa fie lumina douazeci si patru de ore pe zi. Negativul este la fel de mult parte din viata ca pozitivul. Se echilibreaza reciproc. Dupa Dale Carnegie, nume mare in traditia acestei gandiri pozitive este de Napoleon Hill. Ganditi si deveniti bogati este marea lui contributie la umanitate - o carte frumos scrisa, dar plina de prostii. Ganditi si deveniti bogati... nu trebuie sa faceti nimic, trebuie doar sa ganditi in termeni absolut pozitivi si bogatiile vor incepe sa curga spre voi. In cazul in care nu vin, care inseamna pur si simplu ca nu ati gandit absolut pozitiv. Acestea sunt jocuri frumoase in care nu poate fi invins cel care propune jocul. El are cheia in mainile sale. Daca reusesti din intamplare, atunci el reuseste pentru ca filozofia lui a reusit. Dintr-o data unchiul tau moare si iti lasa o mare mostenire. Fireste, gandire pozitiva functioneaza! Dar daca nu reusesti (si nouazeci si noua la suta din timp asa se intampla)... stii foarte bine ca gandirea pozitiva nu este absolut pozitiv, stii ca exista indoieli... Dar Napoleon Hill scrie frumos si ofera exemple de oamenii care au avut succes din gandire pozitiva. Si puteti gasi asemenea oameni, lume este destul de mare. Pentru orice puteti gasi un exemplu. De ce unu? - Puteti gasi sute de exemple, doar te uita-te in jur si incearca sa le gasesti. E tot ce au facut acesti oameni: au gasit exemple si le-au pus in frumoasa proza poetica. Despre Napoleon Hill mi amintesc... era un om sarac. Ceea ce ar fi fost suficienta dovada pentru a demonstra falsitatea filosofiei lui. A devenit bogat prin vanzarea de cartii, Ganditi si deveniti bogati.

Dar nu a fost o gandirea pozitiva cea care l-a facut bogat ci au fost prostii din intreaga lume, care au cumparat cartea, a fost munca lui, efortul lui. Nu, nu cred in nici o filozofie de gandire pozitiva, si nici nu cred in opusul ei, in filosofia de gandire negativa - pentru ca ambele sunt pretutindeni, impreuna. Pozitiv si negativ, fac un intreg. Filozofia mea este holistica - nici pozitivista, nici negativista, dar holistica, realista: sa vezi intregul in totalitatea ei, orice ar fi. Bine si rau, zi si noapte, viata si de moarte, ambele sunt acolo. Abordarea mea este de a vedea exact cum este cazul. Nu este nevoie de a proiecta orice filozofie asupra ei. Sunt impotriva filosofiei pozitive? Da, pentru ca sunt, de asemenea, impotriva filozofiei negative. Trebuie sa fiu impotriva uneia si celeilalte deoarece fiecare reprezinta doar jumatate din adevar, si amandoua incearca sa ignore cealalta jumatate. Si amintiti-va: o jumatate de adevar este mult mai periculoasa decat o completa minciuna, pentru ca o minciuna completa va fi descoperit de tine mai devreme sau mai tarziu. Cat timp poate sa ramana nedescoperita de tine? O minciuna, desigur, este o minciuna, este doar un castel din carti de joc – o simpla adiere si tot castelul dispare. Dar jumatate de adevar este periculos. Este posibil sa nu-l descoperi, poti continua sa crezi ca este intregul adevar. Deci, problema reala nu este tot minciuna, problema reala este jumatatea de adevar pretinsa a fi intregul adevar, si asta este ceea ce fac acesti oameni. Filosofia de gandire pozitiva spune: "Ia totul pozitiv. Negativul nu ar trebui sa aiba loc in abordarea dumneavoastra, ar trebui sa nu existe nici o parte negativa” ... ... ... ... ... Nu exista nici o scoala de filozofie negative. Dar exista mai multi oameni care cred in filozofia negativa, fara sa stie, decat exista oameni care cred in filozofia pozitiva. De fapt, toti acesti credinciosi ai filosofiei pozitive sunt de fapt negativi. Dar pentru a incerca sa ascunda negativitatea, ei afiseaza cu tarie in filosofia pozitiv. Eu nu sunt in favoarea nici unei parti. Sunt pentru a lua intregul adevar, si asta e ceea ce as dori sa faceti si voi: luati intreg adevarul, pentru ca negativul este la fel de esential ca pozitivul. Nu se poate crea energie electrica, cu doar polul pozitiv, veti avea nevoie si de polul negativ. Doar asa se poate crea electricitate. Este negativul absolut negativ? Este complementar, astfel ca nu este impotriva pozitivului. Osho, De la Ignoranta la Inocenta Fragmente dintr-o o compilatie din cuvintele lui Osho puse impreuna de Anando ca sa insoteasca articolul ei: De ce Legea Atractiei nu functioneaza

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“The philosophy of positive thinking means being untruthful; it means being dishonest. It means seeing a certain thing and yet denying what you have seen; it means deceiving yourself and others.” Once Gautam Buddha was asked, ”Why don’t you teach your people to pray?” It was an obvious question – a religion without prayer is simply inconceivable to many people. And the answer Buddha gave is as fresh today as it was twenty-five centuries before, as new and as revolutionary. He said, “I don’t teach my people to pray because their prayers will harm them. Right now they are not conscious enough to ask for anything, and whatsoever they ask will be wrong. First, let them become conscious enough. I teach them how to become more conscious and then it is up to them.The philosophy of positive thinking means being untruthful; it means being dishonest. It means seeing a certain thing and yet denying what you have seen; it means deceiving yourself and others. Positive thinking is the only bullshit philosophy that America has contributed to human thought – nothing else. Dale Carnegie, Napoleon Hill, and the Christian priest, Vincent Peale – all these people have filled the whole American mind with this absolutely absurd idea of a positive philosophy. And it appeals particularly to mediocre minds. Dale Carnegie’s book, How to Win Friends and Influence People, has been sold in numbers just next to the Christian Bible. No other book has been able to reach that popularity. The Christian Bible should not be a competitor in fact, because it is more or less given free, forced on people. But Dale Carnegie’s book people have been purchasing; it has not been given to you free. And it has created a certain kind of ideology which has given birth to many books of a similar kind. But to me it is nauseating. … Dale Carnegie started this whole school of positive philosophy, positive thinking: Don’t see the negative part, don’t see the darker side. But by your not seeing it, do you think it disappears? You are just befooling yourself. You cannot change reality. The night will still be there; you can think that it is daytime for twenty-four hours, but by your thinking it, it is not going to be light twenty-four hours a day. The negative is as much part of life as the positive. They balance each other. After Dale Carnegie, the great name in the tradition of this positive thinking is Napoleon Hill. Think and Grow Rich is his greatest contribution to the world – a beautifully written book, but all crap. Think and grow rich… you don’t have to do anything, you only have to think in absolutely positive terms and riches will start flowing towards you. If they don’t come, that simply means that you have not been thinking absolutely positively. So these are beautiful games in which you cannot defeat the man who is proposing the game. He has the key in his hands. If you succeed by chance, then he succeeds because his philosophy – think and grow rich – has succeeded. You have been thinking and thinking and thinking and positively thinking that dollars are showering on you – these are not snowflakes but dollars showering on you – and suddenly your uncle dies and leaves you a big inheritance. Naturally, positive thinking works! But if you don’t succeed… and ninety-nine percent of the time you are not going to succeed – you know perfectly well that your positive thinking is not absolutely positive; you know that there is doubt. Once is a while you open your eyes to see whether they are dollars or just snowflakes. You see they are just snowflakes, and you again close your eyes and start thinking that dollars are showering. But the doubt is there, that these really are snowflakes. Whom are you trying to befool? All these thoughts are going on: “This is just nonsense, I shouldn’t waste my time, I could be earning some dollars; this way I am losing rather than gaining.”

But Napoleon Hill writes beautifully and gives examples of how people have succeeded by positive thinking. And you can find people – this world is big enough. For everything you can find an example. Why one? – you can find hundreds of examples if you just look around and try to find them. And all these people have been doing just that: they find examples, and they place the examples in beautiful poetic prose. And of course you want to be rich, so they exploit your ambition, your desire. They give you such a simple method – and they don’t ask anything of you in return. About Napoleon Hill I remember… he himself was a poor man. That would have been enough proof to disprove his whole philosophy. He became rich by selling the book, Think and Grow Rich. But it was not positive thinking that was making him rich – it was fools around the world who were purchasing the book, it was his work, his labor, his effort. But in the very beginning days, when his book came out, he used to stand in bookstores to persuade people to purchase the book.

No. I do not believe in any philosophy of positive thinking; nor do I believe in the opposite, in the philosophy of negative thinking – because both are there. The positive and the negative make one whole. My philosophy is holistic – neither positivist, nor negativist, but holistic, realistic. You see the whole in its totality, whatever it is. Good and bad, day and night, life and death, they both are there. My approach is to see exactly what is the case. There is no need to project any philosophy on it. … You ask me: Am I against positive philosophy? Yes, because I am also against negative philosophy. I have to be against both because both choose only half the fact, and both try to ignore the other half. And remember: a half-truth is far more dangerous than a whole lie, because the whole lie will be discovered by you sooner or later. How long can it remain undiscovered by you? A lie, of course, is a lie; it is just a palace made of playing cards – a little breeze and the whole palace disappears. But the half-truth is dangerous. You may never discover it, you may continue to think it is the whole truth. So the real problem is not the whole lie, the real problem is the half-truth pretending to be the whole truth; and that is what these people are doing. The philosophy of positive thinking says: “Take everything positively. The negative should not have any space in your approach, there should be no negative part.” This is making a part, the positive part, almost the whole. The same is true about negative people, although there are none who preach the philosophy of negative thinking, because who is going to listen to them? They will say, “If somebody is smiling, look out – there must be something he is hiding behind the smile. In fact, he must want to cry or weep. Look out – don’t be deceived by his smiling; find out the negative. If he is looking very happy, that means certainly there is something that he is trying to hide behind his happiness.” People are so miserable, who is going to listen to such a philosopher? They will say, “We are already so miserable, and you are teaching us to search for more misery! Even if a false smile is there, at least it is there. Please forgive us, we can’t go on digging and finding the tears. We have enough tears already. And just a smile – although it may be just a mannerism, a formality, just a civilized way of meeting somebody….” When you meet somebody and ask, “How are you?” – he says, “I am perfectly well.” Now, if you are a negative philosopher you have to find out what this man is hiding: “How can he be perfectly well? Have you ever heard of

anybody in the world being perfectly well? He is lying!” But nobody will listen to a negative philosopher. You also say, “I am perfectly well. You are perfectly well? – good.” And you depart in good spirits. What is the point of showing one’s wounds to each other and making each other more miserable than before? So there is no school of negative philosophers. But there are more people who believe in negative philosophy without knowing it than there are people who believe in positive philosophy. In fact, all these believers in positive philosophy are basically negative. To hide that negativity they believe firmly in the positive philosophy. I am not in support of either side. I am in favor of taking the whole truth, and that’s what I would like you to do too: take the whole truth, because the negative is as essential as the positive. You cannot create electricity with only the positive pole; you will need the negative pole too. Only with both the negative and the positive pole can you create electricity. Is the negative absolutely negative? It is complementary, so it is not against the positive. Osho, From Ignorance to Innocence From a compilation of Osho’s words put together by Anando to accompany her article: Why the Law of Attraction Doesn’t Work

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