EQUIPMENT USED IN CONSTRUCTION

NON-MOVING

Angle divider – a square for setting or bisecting angles; one side is an adjustable hinged blade; when set at 90°, it can be used as a try square.

Block plane – is a small woodworking hand plane which typically has the iron bedded at a lower angle than other planes, with the bevel up. It is designed to cut end grain and is typically small enough to be used with one hand.

Brace – or brace and bit is a hand tool used to drill holes, usually in wood. Pressure is applied to the top and the tool is rotated with a U-shaped grip.

Bradawl – is a tool with a blade similar to that of a straight screwdriver and a handle made from wood or plastic. A bradawl is used to make an indentation in wood or other materials in order to ease the insertion of a nail or screw.

Card Scraper – is a woodworking shaping and finishing tool. Breaker bars are used to 'break loose' very tight fasteners because their additional length allows the same amount of force to generate significantly more torque than a standard length socket wrench Brush – a brush for applying paint. because they have a larger surface area.Breaker bar – is a long non-ratcheting bar that is used with socket wrench style sockets. The non-round core allows thick or thin lines to be drawn by rotating the pencil. as one used in painting houses or pictures. . It is used to manually remove small amounts of material and excels in tricky grain areas where hand planes would cause tear out Carpenter’s pencil – is a pencil that has a body with a rectangular or elliptical crosssection to stop it rolling away. Thin lines are required for high precision markings and are easy to erase. Carpenter pencils are easier to grip than a standard pencil. but thick markings are needed to mark on rough surfaces. used to measure thickness and distances. Caliper – an instrument consisting essentially of two curved hinged legs.

used as a lever and for prying. Clamp – is a fastening device to hold or secure objects tightly together to prevent movement or separation through the application of inward pressure Crowbar – an iron or steel bar that is usually bent and has a wedge-shaped working end. beveled blade for shaping wood. or metal. . Chisel – a hand tool with a squared. cup-shaped tip with a V-shaped cleft for gripping nail heads Center square – enables you to accurately locate the center of a round stock. stone. consisting of a round or hexagonal bar that curves at one end to form a pointed.Cat’s paw – is a standard carpenter's tool.

Cutting wire – a tool for cutting wire Framing Hammer – used for framing wooden houses. Grease gun – is a common workshop and garage tool used for lubrication. The purpose of the grease gun is to apply lubricant through an aperture to a specific point. used for cutting veneer and thin wood. usually on a grease fitting or 'nipple' .Cutting gauge – a tool with an adjustable stop similar to a marking gauge but with a cutting blade instead of a marking pin. are heavy duty rip hammers with a straight claw.

Hammer – a hand tool consisting of a heavy usually steel head held transversely on the end of a handle. . beating metal. used for driving in nails. etc. Jacks employ a screw thread or hydraulic cylinder to apply very high linear forces. Hard hat – a rigid protective helmet Hex key – a tool of hexagonal cross-section used to drive bolts and screws that have a hexagonal socket in the head (internal-wrenching hexagon drive) Jack – is a mechanical device used as a lifting device to lift heavy loads or apply great forces.

the other end has a head that may be driven with a hammer. slender shaft of metal. or objects. small. bricklayers. rigid. Level – Is an instrument designed to indicate whether a surface is horizontal (level) or vertical (plumb).Ladder – a structure. and in some photographic or videographic work Micrometer – a device for measuring very small distances. Different types of spirit levels may be used by carpenters. for climbing up and down. and so on. to attach tiles to a wood sheathing on a roof. consists of two parallel sides joined by a series of crosspieces that serve as footrests. one end of which is usually pointed. especially one based on the rotation of a finely threaded screw. . used as a fastener to join separate pieces of wood. millwrights and other metalworkers. Mitre Box – is a wood working tool used to guide a hand saw to make precise mitre cuts in a board. The most common form of a mitre box is a 3-sided box which is open at the top and the ends Nails – A straight. stonemasons. often portable. other building trade’s workers. as in relation to a microscope. surveyors. angles.

Pliers – are a jointed lever. Cutting plier – when you need to cut through thick wires that won't yield to a standard household wire cutter Electronic plier – anytime you need to make very carefully controlled cuts on circuit boards. They generally have a hollow shaft to accommodate a shank onto which a nut is threaded. Nut driver – is a tool for tightening nuts and bolts. Paint roller – is a paint application tool used for painting large flat surfaces rapidly and efficiently. It essentially consists of a socket attached to a shaft and cylindrical handle and is similar in appearance and use to a screwdriver. Also perfect for trimming the delicate wire used in jewelry-making. . Pliers help to remove the bolts that hold two pieces of wood together. They are typically used for lower torque applications than wrenches or ratchets and are especially popular in the electronics industry.Nail gun – a compressed-air device for driving nails.

Insulated plier – a must-have for all electricians. or anyone in the habit of doing their own home electrical repairs and installations Long-Nose plier – for zeroing in on specific points along wires that need to be carefully shaped Pump pliers – are ideal for tackling plumbing jobs. sanding. as well as miscellaneous household repairs that call for the installation or removal of stubborn bolts. carving. or plumb-line. It is essentially the y-axis equivalent of a "water level". usually with a pointed tip on the bottom that is suspended from a string and used as a vertical reference line. polishing and many other applications. Power drill – used to bore holes and attach fasteners such as screws. . Plumb bob – a plumb-bob or a plummet is a weight. Rotary tool – is a hand held power tool with a variety of rotating accessory bits and attachments that can be used for cutting.

Scratch awl – is a woodworking layout and point-making tool. wedge-shaped or fluted end enters the slot or recess in the head of the screw. It is used to scribe a line to be followed by a hand saw or chisel when making woodworking joints and other operations. Scaffold – a temporary platform to support workers and materials on the face of a structure and to provide access to works areas above the ground.Saw – tool for cutting solid materials to prescribed lengths or shapes. Screw – consisting that has a as to cut material used for fastening materials together. . Most saws take the form of a thin metal strip with teeth on one edge or a thin metal disk with teeth on the edge. a thin. of a threaded and usually tapered shank slotted head by which it may be rotated so its own thread as it bores through the Screwdriver – a tool for turning and driving screws in place.

to serve as a guide in sawing. consisting of a curved blade or a scoop attached to a handle Soldering gun – is an approximately pistol-shaped tool for soldering metals using tin-based solder to achieve a strong mechanical bond with good electrical contact Soldering iron – is a hand tool used in soldering. etc. coal. metal. cutting. It supplies heat to melt the solder so that it can flow into the joint between two workpieces. .Scriber – a pointed instrument used to mark lines on wood.. etc. such as earth.. Shovel – an instrument for lifting or scooping loose material. bricks. etc.

or masonry. roofing. and hobby and craft materials. carpeting. house wrap. upholstery. very sharp. used for shaping curved edges. a kind of drawing knife or planning tool having a blade set between two handles. Stanley knife – a type of knife used for carpet fitting. It is used to make basic measurements and mark lines on dimensional lumber. esp. including insulation. and as a saw guide for making short 45 and 90 degree cuts. replaceable blade inserted at one end . A staple gun or powered stapler – is a hand-held machine used to drive heavy metal staples into wood. wiring. consisting of a thick hollow metal handle with a short. Spokeshave – a carpenter’s tool. etc. try square. and Framing Square into one. plastic.Speed square – a triangular-shaped tool which combines some of the most common functions of the combination square.. Staple guns are used for many different applications and to affix a variety of materials.

Wheelbarrow – a small usually single-wheeled vehicle that is used for carrying small loads and is fitted with handles at the rear by which it can be pushed and guided . with divisions. tool chest or workbox) is a box to organize. and their contents vary with the craft of the owner. a hobby or DIY. carry. or shaping substances such as cement or mortar Try square – an instrument consisting of two straightedges secured at right angles to each other. They could be used for trade.Tape measure – an instrument for measuring length and usually consisting of a metal or lacquered linen ribbon. used for lying off right angles and testing whether work is square. spreading. and protect the owner's tools. Trowel – a flat-bladed hand tool for leveling. rolled up inside a case. Tool box – a toolbox (also called toolkit.

sand. It is an apparatus that is used in most of the construction sites.Wrench – is a tool used to provide grip and mechanical advantage in applying torque to turn objects—usually rotary fasteners. or other such material during construction. . Bulldozer – used to push large quantities of soil. MOVING Backhoe – is used for demolition purposes and for digging holes. rubble. such as nuts and bolts—or keep them from turning.

gravel and water. Concrete mixers – widely used equipment is the concrete mixer which is used to prepare concrete mixture by mixing cement.Cherry picker – a machine for lifting men or materials on a platform at the end of an extendable boom. usually mounted on a carrier with wheels to provide mobility. the driver positions the truck at the desired location where concrete is needed and pours the mixture through an apparatus at the back of the vehicle. The cone points upward at a 45-degree angle at the back. It is equipped with a large cone-shaped structure. When done. The concrete and water are added to the inside of the cone. . and then it turns and churns until the concrete is thoroughly mixed. sand. The mixer contains a rotating drum which mixes the concrete. Concrete Mixer Truck – the concrete mixer is another important vehicle used in construction.

There are various types of cranes used for construction purposes. delivers sand or other materials to a site .Crane – is a widely used construction tool that is basically used to deconstruct structures. Tower Crane – are a modern form of balance crane that consist of the same basic parts. tower cranes often give the best combination of height and lifting capacity and are used in the construction of tall buildings Dump truck – hauls materials and debris away. It is used to lift heavy equipment and construction materials easily and effortlessly. It includes a number of cables which operate to pick up supplies from the construction sites. Fixed to the ground on a concrete slab (and sometimes attached to the sides of structures as well).

It is mainly used for transporting heavy equipment from one place to another. mixing and spreading. wood chips. ditching and bank sloping. .Excavators – the excavators can be used for all types of construction purposes. Loader – are used for constructing buildings and roads. Loaders use buckets to move resources to different places. dirt and so forth. and side casting material. cutting bushes and various forestry works. demolishing structures. front end loader. gravel. driving piles. Forklift – this construction apparatus is mainly used to lift heavy materials and objects. Loaders are also known as front loaders. handling materials. bucket loader and so forth. It can be used for digging holes. heavy lifting. not intended for heavy excavation. The different materials transported by the loaders include sand. scoop loader. Forklifts can be found in different sizes and capacities to lift different types of materials. Grader – a multipurpose machine used for leveling and crowning. or for light stripping operations.

Sand screeners – are quite essential to sieve the sand and segregate it from dirt and other foreign objects.Power shovel – a power-operated machine used to excavate and load dirt. or debris by means of an open-ended bucket at the end of an arm which is suspended from a boom Road rollers – another construction apparatus is the road roller which is basically used to compress or level the base of the road before laying concrete and asphalt. . There are many types of sand screener including vibratory screening machines supplied by the construction tools manufacturers in the online portals. rock.

Skid steer – is a small rigid frame. excavating and hauling.Scraper – is multifaceted equipment that is used for various purposes and is quite efficient for digging. enginepowered machine with lift arms used to attach a wide variety of labor-saving tools or attachments. Though sometimes they are equipped with tracks .