IKONOS Sensor Model Support

Tour Guides December 2010

Copyright © 2010 ERDAS, Inc.
All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. The information contained in this document is the exclusive property of ERDAS, Inc. This work is protected under United States copyright law and other international copyright treaties and conventions. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, except as expressly permitted in writing by ERDAS, Inc. All requests should be sent to the attention of: Manager, Technical Documentation ERDAS, Inc. 5051 Peachtree Corners Circle Suite 100 Norcross, GA 30092-2500 USA. The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice. Government Reserved Rights. MrSID technology incorporated in the Software was developed in part through a project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, funded by the U.S. Government, managed under contract by the University of California (University), and is under exclusive commercial license to LizardTech, Inc. It is used under license from LizardTech. MrSID is protected by U.S. Patent No. 5,710,835. Foreign patents pending. The U.S. Government and the University have reserved rights in MrSID technology, including without limitation: (a) The U.S. Government has a nonexclusive, nontransferable, irrevocable, paid-up license to practice or have practiced throughout the world, for or on behalf of the United States, inventions covered by U.S. Patent No. 5,710,835 and has other rights under 35 U.S.C. § 200-212 and applicable implementing regulations; (b) If LizardTech's rights in the MrSID Technology terminate during the term of this Agreement, you may continue to use the Software. Any provisions of this license which could reasonably be deemed to do so would then protect the University and/or the U.S. Government; and (c) The University has no obligation to furnish any know-how, technical assistance, or technical data to users of MrSID software and makes no warranty or representation as to the validity of U.S. Patent 5,710,835 nor that the MrSID Software will not infringe any patent or other proprietary right. For further information about these provisions, contact LizardTech, 1008 Western Ave., Suite 200, Seattle, WA 98104. ERDAS, ERDAS IMAGINE, Stereo Analyst, IMAGINE Essentials, IMAGINE Advantage, IMAGINE, Professional, IMAGINE VirtualGIS, Mapcomposer, Viewfinder, and Imagizer are registered trademarks of ERDAS, Inc. Other companies and products mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.

Table of Contents
Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iii Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
About This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Conventions Used in This Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Introduction to IKONOS Sensor Model Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

IMAGINE Advantage IKONOS Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . Select the Image . . . . . . . . . . Prepare Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . Set Up the Geometric Model . Ortho Resample the Image . . View the Orthoimage . . . . . . Close the Files . . . . . . . . . . . Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . Next . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 .5 .6 .8 10 11 12 13 13

LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Create a New LPS Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Prepare the Block File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Select Model and Provide Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 Add Data to the Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Generate Pyramid Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Check the RPC File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Check the Frame Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Ortho Resample the Images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 View the First Set of Orthoimages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Check the Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Start the Point Measurement Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Add Control Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

Table of Contents Table of Contents

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Ortho Resample the Images . . . . . . . . 41 Check Results in LPS . . 62 Use of the IKONOS Block File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Refine the Model with Polynomials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Arrange Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Close the Project . 45 Next . . . . . . . . 42 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Load IKONOS Images . . . . . . 50 Image Pair Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Start Auto Tie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Start from ERDAS IMAGINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Check the Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 General Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Check the DTM Point Status Image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Check the Contour Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Generate the DTM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Conclusions . . . . 49 Select Advanced Properties . . . . . . . . 57 Check Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Compare the Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Set DTM Extraction Properties . . . . . . . . . . . 45 LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction IKONOS Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Area Selection Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Accuracy Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 iv Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Stereo Analyst IKONOS Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Ortho Resample the Images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Start Stereo Analyst . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 View the DEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Create/Open a Block File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Preface Preface 1 1 . right-click. drag — designates dragging the mouse while holding down the left mouse button. the names of menus. etc. For example: “In the Select Layer To Add dialog. and On-Line Help Documentation. Shift-click — designates holding the Shift key down on your keyboard and simultaneously clicking with the left mouse button. you are directed to click. • • • • • • • click — designates clicking with the left mouse button. Shift-click. digital hardcopy documents which are delivered as PDF files suitable for printing or on-line viewing. hold — designates holding down the left (or right. delivered as HTML files. double-click — designates clicking twice with the left mouse button. The PDF documents are found in <IMAGINE_HOME>\help\hardcopy. The on-line help system is accessed by clicking on the Help button in a dialog or by selecting an item from a Help menu. Conventions Used in This Book In ERDAS IMAGINE. menu options. and other components of the interface are shown in bold type.Preface About This Manual Documentation The IKONOS Sensor Model Support Tour Guide contains a few tour guides that help you begin to use IKONOS data in various programs. The following paragraphs are used throughout the ERDAS IMAGINE documentation: These paragraphs contain strong warnings. select the Fit to Frame option. There are two basic types of documents. middle-click — designates clicking with the middle mouse button. hold. buttons. middle-click. right-click — designates clicking with the right mouse button. double-click. Many of these documents are available from the ERDAS Start menu.” When asked to use the mouse. drag. as noted) mouse button. This manual is part of a suite of on-line documentation that you receive with ERDAS IMAGINE® software.

These paragraphs lead you to other areas of this book or other manuals for additional information. but is noteworthy.These paragraphs provide important tips. 2 Preface . These paragraphs provide information about ERDAS products. this is technical information. Generally. These paragraphs describe software version-specific information. NOTE: Notes give additional instruction. Shaded Boxes Shaded boxes contain supplemental information that is not required to execute the steps of a tour guide.

With the availability of RPCs. the RPCs can be refined using GCPs. automated digital terrain model (DTM) extraction with LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction. and 3D stereo viewing and feature collection with Stereo Analyst®. the image geometry model (IGM) must be included with the imagery. If a higher degree of accuracy is required for a specific mapping project. digital stereo models (DSMs).com. LPS Project Manager. In order to accurately create or extract geographic information from raw IKONOS imagery. The IGM consists of several metadata files. Introduction to IKONOS Sensor Model Support Introduction to IKONOS Sensor Model Support 3 3 .erdas. visit our web site at www.Introduction to IKONOS Sensor Model Support Introduction This tour guide demonstrates how IKONOS satellite imagery can be used for single frame orthorectification (IMAGINE Advantage® Geocorrection Tool). For the most recent information about IKONOS sensor model support in ERDAS products. LPS Project Manager allows for the refinement of an IKONOS IGM using GCPs. Stereo Analyst. see the On-Line Help. rational polynomial coefficient (RPC) refinement and multi-image orthorectification with LPS Project Manager. and DTMs without the need for ground control points (GCPs). For more information about IKONOS sensor model support in IMAGINE Advantage. The metadata files contain RPCs. the IKONOS imagery can be used to accurately create orthorectified images. and LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction. which are a series of coefficients used to describe the relationship between the image as it existed when captured and the Earth’s surface.

4 Introduction to IKONOS Sensor Model Support .

Set the geometric model parameters.tif) format. 2. Approximate completion time for this tour guide is 15 minutes. 4. View and evaluate the output orthoimage. IMAGINE Advantage IKONOS Support IMAGINE Advantage IKONOS Support 5 5 . NOTE: You may be prompted to choose either the Classic Viewer or the Geospatial Light Table. Click the Viewer icon on the ERDAS IMAGINE icon panel. Select the Image To execute the steps in this tour guide. Resample the image. The steps you are going to perform in this tour guide include: • • • • View and select the image to be resampled. 3. California. The IKONOS 4-meter data in this example is of San Diego. you can see how to use the IMAGINE Advantage Geometric Correction tool to perform single frame orthorectification. 1. the steps in this tour guide are applicable to any IKONOS data. Click the Open icon to open a File Selector. you must supply your own data: the data used in this example is not included with IKONOS sensor model support.IMAGINE Advantage IKONOS Support Introduction In this tour guide. USA. Start ERDAS IMAGINE®. This installation only supports IKONOS images that are in TIFF (*. However. Navigate to the directory that contains the image you want to resample.

5. The Data Preparation menu opens. 6 IMAGINE Advantage IKONOS Support . Click the Data Prep icon on the ERDAS IMAGINE icon panel. This image is in file (pixel) coordinates. This is an IKONOS image of San Diego. the data is in file coordinates only. You can use the Geometric Correction tool to resample the image into the Geographic Lat/Lon projection. 1. You can use the geoprocessing tools in IMAGINE Advantage to orthorectify the image. California. Currently. Select the image and click OK in the File Selector. Prepare Data You can access the geo-correction tools via the Data Prep icon on the ERDAS IMAGINE tool bar. The image to be resampled displays in the Viewer.

Click the Select Viewer button. select Image Geometric Correction. this option is lready selected for you Click Select Viewer specify the image 3. From the Data Preparation menu. You are prompted by an instruction dialog to left-click in the Viewer containing the image you want to resample. Click in the Viewer containing the IKONOS image. Since you opened the mage to be orthorectified n a Viewer. 4. Confirm that the From Viewer radio button is selected.Click to select Image Geometric Correction from the menu 2. 5. The Set Geo Correction Input File dialog opens. IMAGINE Advantage IKONOS Support 7 .

2. By default. you do not need to specify a polynomial order The IKONOS Model Properties dialog is where you define the metadata associated with the image you want to resample. In the Set Geometric Model dialog. the Set Geometric Model dialog opens. the software looks in the same directory as the one that holds the image to find the RPC file. it is loaded in the RPC File field for you.Set Up the Geometric Model Once you specify the image to orthorectify. The Geo Correction Tools and IKONOS Model Properties dialogs open. 8 IMAGINE Advantage IKONOS Support . Click OK in the Set Geometric Model dialog. The information you need is in the RPC file. Select IKONOS from the list of geometric models 1. If it finds an RPC file name that matches the image. The rational polyno coefficients file is selected for you if it is in the same directory as the image Without GCPs. select IKONOS from the list.

then select the metadata file corresponding to your images. and Elevation Units are derived from the metadata file that accompanies IKONOS images. If you have a DEM file for the area covered by the image. or use a DEM to provide elevation information. as well as supplemental information such as the geographic coordinates associated with the coordinates of the imagery. the refinement with polynomials option is ignored. Review the settings in the Parameters tab of the IKONOS Model Properties dialog. The output orthoimage will have this projection IMAGINE Advantage IKONOS Support 9 . Either enter a Constant average value for the scene. Click the Projection tab in the IKONOS Model Properties dialog. This file contains information that is mandatory to determining interior and exterior orientation. You can specify an Elevation Source to improve the results of the resampling process. The higher the polynomial order. 4. The Elevation Value.RPC Files IKONOS imagery is typically supplied with an RPC. file. NOTE: Space Imaging’s Geo Ortho Kit product includes RPC information. rational polynomial coefficients. Elevation Min/Max. You can view the metadata file in the IMAGINE Text Editor. The RPC file also contains information regarding the projection of the file. Select Tools | Edit Text Files. the more known points you must have in the image. use it for better accuracy. which is automatically incorporated into the IKONOS model at the time of 3. Since there are no GCPs collected for this data.

Name the file with an *. make changes to the Output Cell Sizes. 3.The projection parameters listed here are going to be applied to the output orthoimage. output images are stored in your Default Output Directory. 1. click on the Ortho Resampling icon. which is specified in the User Interface & Session category of the Preference Editor. Name the output file here Increase cell size to speed resampling. 5. In the Geo Correction Tools dialog. 4. Click this icon to open the Resample dialog The Resample dialog opens. 10 IMAGINE Advantage IKONOS Support . If you wish. or maintain default Ignore 0 in statistics for a better solution 2. Click the Open icon to open a File Selector.img extension and click OK in the File Selector. By default. you use the Geometric Correction tools to resample the image. Ortho Resample the Image Next. Navigate to a directory where you have write permission.

in the User Interface & Session category of the Preference Editor. Click the Viewer icon on the ERDAS IMAGINE tool bar.Smaller cell sizes can potentially increase processing time. View the Orthoimage When the process is complete. 6. 7. In the File Selector. 1. 2. Keep Job Status Box. A status dialog opens. Click OK in the Resample dialog. The presence of the status dialog after process completion is controlled by a preference. click OK to close the status dialog. NOTE: You may be prompted to select the Classic Viewer or the Geospatial Light Table. Click the checkbox for Ignore Zero in Stats. When the resampling process is complete. which tracks the progress of the resampling. 3. click the Recent button. 8. you can view the orthoimage in a Viewer and compare it to the original image. Click the Open icon to access a File Selector. IMAGINE Advantage IKONOS Support 11 .

The image is now in the Geographic Lat/Lon projection. Click OK in the List of Recent Filenames dialog. Compare its orientation with the original image. From the Recent list. 5. 6. The orthoimage displays in the Viewer. Click OK in the File Selector.Select the file from the list of recent images 4. 12 IMAGINE Advantage IKONOS Support . and is oriented correctly in the Viewer. select the orthoimage you just generated.

Then you can enter reference coordinates from one of many sources. You access the GCP tool by clicking the GCP Editor icon in the Geo Correction Tools dialog.Close the Files 1. While GCPs were not used in this example. 4. IMAGINE Advantage IKONOS Support 13 .gms extension). if not. the Geometric Correction tool in IMAGINE Advantage can be used to quickly orthorectify a single image. 3. you can learn how to use LPS Project Manager to create multiple orthoimages using IKONOS data. save the geometric model by clicking Yes in the Verify Save on Close dialog. Close ERDAS IMAGINE by selecting Session | Exit IMAGINE from the icon panel. Conclusions As you have learned. Close the Data Preparation menu by clicking Close. Close the Viewers containing the original and resampled IKONOS images. click No. Next Next. and name it in the File Selector (with a *. The resulting orthoimage is accurate to real-world coordinates. 2. If you wish. you can also use the GCP tool to enter reference coordinates with which to improve the accuracy of your output orthoimage.

14

IMAGINE Advantage IKONOS Support

LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support
Introduction
In this section of the tour guide, you can learn how to use LPS Project Manager to perform RPC refinement and multi-image orthorectification.

Approximate completion time for this tour guide is 45 minutes. The steps you are going to perform in this tour guide include. • • • • • • • • • • • Create a new LPS Project Manager project. Select the sensor model and define block properties. Add imagery to the block file. View the RPC file. Orthorectify the images. Collect GCPs. Generate tie points. Refine the model. Orthorectify the images again. Compare results. Save the block file.

Create a New LPS Project

In this section of the tour guide, you can learn how to create a new LPS Project Manager block file using 4-meter IKONOS data and the associated IGM file, such as an RPC file. This data is of San Diego, California, USA. Because of the size of the data, it is not included with this tour guide; however, the steps are applicable to any IKONOS data accompanied by the IGM, such as the GeoPlus product and the Stereo product.

Prepare the Block File
1. Start ERDAS IMAGINE. 2. Click the LPS icon on the ERDAS IMAGINE icon panel.

LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support

15 15

The LPS Project Manager opens.

3. Click the New File icon

.

The Create New Block File dialog opens.

16

LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support

5. The Model Setup dialog opens. you are working with IKONOS data. In the Geometric Model list. then press Enter on your keyboard.Save the block file in a directory where you have write permission 4. Navigate to a directory in which you have write permission. which has a unique model. click to select IKONOS.blk. Click the dropdown list for Geometric Model Category and choose Rational Functions. Click in the text field next to File name. Click OK to accept the geometric model and close the Model Setup dialog. 6. and type a name for the block file. LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support 17 . such as ikonos_tour. 2. Select the IKONOS geometric model from the list IKONOS is a rational function model 1. In this tour guide. Select Model and Provide Information The Model Setup dialog begins the next series of steps wherein you specify the sensor model to apply to the block file. 3. Click OK to close the Create New Block File dialog.

The Block Property Setup dialog opens and displays the Reference Coordinate System information. 4. Click OK in the Block Property Setup dialog. Click the Images folder to add images to the block 2. The Image File Name dialog opens. Add Data to the Block At this stage. Likewise. 1. The reference units associated with IKONOS data default to Degrees for Horizontal Units. You can change the projection to be associated with the block file by clicking the Set button to access the Projection Chooser dialog. you supply the IKONOS data. NOTE: You must supply your own data for this tour guide. 18 LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support . Click the Add Frame icon . If you wish to reproject the final orthoimage. the Projection is always initially set to Geographic (Lat/Lon). the Datum is always set to WGS 84. you can also do so using the ERDAS IMAGINE Reprojection utility. All IKONOS images are initially set to the Lat/Lon projection In the case of IKONOS data. Click Images in the Block Project Tree View.

4. LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support 19 . Click the Files of type dropdown list and select TIFF. Click OK in the Image File Name dialog. The LPS Project Manager updates. Both of the selected images are added to the block file. Ctrl-click the second image to add it to the current selection. select the first image. This example uses TIFF images. 6. NOTE: IKONOS images are usually in TIFF or NITF format. Click the plus sign next to Images to see the images listed. 5. 8. The IKONOS stereo imagery has already been geoprocessed to remove Y parallax.Select the first image to add to the block file Ctrl-click to add the second image to the selection 3. Navigate to the directory containing the IKONOS images. From the file name list. 7.

20 LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support .Alternately. you should reattach them. There. The Compute Pyramid Layers dialog opens. you may open an existing block file. you can use the Attach button to reattach images in the block. Click in the Pyr. cell that corresponds to the first image. Generate Pyramid Layers Pyramid layers allow you to rapidly display images at any resolution. The TIFF Image Files category of the Preference Editor has an option called Edits Allowed. You can quickly generate pyramid layers for your data by clicking in the Pyr. column that corresponds to the image. If the images are not on-line. the All Images Without Pyramids radio button is selected. Check to ensure that this option is enabled when you are generating pyramid layers for TIFF images. By default. Click the Frame Properties icon to access the IKONOS Frame Editor. 1.

From the Tools menu of the ERDAS IMAGINE tool bar. select Session | Preferences. Once the pyramid layers have been generated. LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support 21 . which is indicated by the status bar at the bottom of the LPS Project Manager. The IKONOS Frame Editor dialog is used to identify and attach the RPC file associated with each IKONOS image in your block file. Check the RPC File Each IKONOS image is accompanied by a RPC file. 2. This file is a text file that is typically located in the same directory as that from which you accessed your IKONOS images. select Edit Text Files. The ERDAS IMAGINE Editor opens. the Pyr. To access the LPS Project Manager preferences. The green column indicates pyramid layers have been generated The color of the columns is controlled by a preference. Next. cells in the CellArray are green. then select LPS in the Category section of the Preference Editor dialog. you are going to examine the contents of an RPC file. Status On Color. Click OK in the Compute Pyramid Layers dialog to generate pyramid layers for the two images.Each image in the block file needs LPS pyramid layers LPS pyramid layers are different from traditional ERDAS IMAGINE pyramid layers. 1. LPS pyramid layers are created using the binomial interpolation technique. You must generate LPS pyramid layers to proceed.

Scroll through the contents of the file. 22 LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support . Click OK in the Load File dialog to open the RPC file. and select the RPC text file. The file opens in the Editor. Information in this RPC file provides LPS Project Manager (Stereo Analyst and LPS ATE) with both interior and exterior orientation information for the image 5. In the Load File dialog. navigate to the directory that contains your IKONOS data. with the “_rpc” designation. 3. 4.2. NOTE: RPC files are usually named the same as the image itself. Click the Open icon .

On the LPS toolbar. Check the Frame Properties 1. the default projection of the images was set to Geographic Lat/Lon. The RPC file also includes data such as offsets and pixel scale. click the Frame Properties icon . 3. LPS Project Manager loads it for you. If it is located in a folder other than the one that contains the IKONOS images. Select the file and click OK in the File Selector. Click File | Close in the Editor dialog. This file provides the coefficient model relationship of the image to the ground. you can use the Next button to move through the images in the block to ensure that the appropriate RPC file is associated with each image. LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support 23 . Like other types of block files. The coefficients are based on a 3rd order transformation. The RPC file associated with the particular image is identified here 2. Notice that the RPC Coefficients file name matches that of the Image File Name. If the RPC is located in the same directory as the image file. The IKONOS dialog opens the Sensor tab. Click the Next button to see the second image in the block file. 4. click the Open icon and navigate to the directory containing the RPC file for the first image. and displays the first IKONOS image in your block file.If you remember when you were setting up the block file. The coefficients are calculated from the original IKONOS sensor model definition. 6. The minimum and maximum elevation and meters defaults are derived from the metadata file that accompanies IKONOS images. as well as the coefficients needed to adjust the image.

you can resample the IKONOS images in the block file. The RPC file provides enough information to approximate the interior and exterior orientation parameters. Click OK in the IKONOS Frame Editor dialog to accept the images and their associated RPC files. 6. 7. With the coefficients. and you can resample at this time.5. Ortho Resample the Images At this point. click the Open icon and navigate to the directory containing the RPC file for the second image. LPS Project Manager has enough information to create orthoimages. 24 LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support . therefore. if necessary. Interior and exterior orientation information exists. Again. You are returned to the LPS Project Manager. You use these orthoimages generated only from the RPC file contents for comparison later in the tour guide. those columns are green in the CellArray. Select the file and click OK in the File Chooser.

the value 64 is appropriate for the Constant Value field. or click the Ortho Resampling icon . 3.The advantage of orthorectifying in this manner is solely one of speed. Confirm that the DTM Source dropdown list displays Constant. or use the increment nudgers to the right of the field. 2. Click in the Ortho column to open the Ortho Resampling dialog. Click in the Active Area field and type 90. The accuracy of the resulting orthoimages is within 20-40 meters of real-world objects and topography. The Ortho Resampling dialog opens: In lieu of a DEM covering the area. or accept the default name. 4. See the On-Line Help for more information. 5. In this case.0. Your data may require different settings. Click in the Output File Name field and type a name for the output file. 1. set a constant elevation value Set the active area to use a percentage of the original image Output cell sizes are measured in degrees Images to be resampled display in the CellArray NOTE: The following settings are appropriate for the particular data set used in this tour guide. Your accuracy is better if you take the time to collect several GCPs with which to further refine the sensor model. LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support 25 .

you can change it and the directory in which it is stored if you wish. you should choose Add Multiple. however. Click the checkbox next to Use Current Cell Sizes. 6. Click in the Output Cell Sizes fields and enter . The Output File Name is automatically assigned. 9. The Add Single Output dialog opens. NOTE: These cell sizes are measured in degrees. 7. If you have multiple images. you can add the other IKONOS image and it inherits those parameters. Choose the image to add from the dropdown list 10. Click OK in the Add Single Output dialog. 8. there is only one additional file to add to the orthoresampling process. Click the checkbox next to Ignore Value.00004 (an appropriate value for this data set) in both the X and Y fields. 26 LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support . The information updates in the Advanced tab. 12. Click the Input File Name dropdown list and select the second image in the block file. so clicking the Add button is appropriate. Click the Advanced tab in the Ortho Resampling dialog. 11. Click the Add button at the bottom of the dialog. not meters. Now that you have the parameters set. and maintain the value of 0.You can also use an external DEM to improve accuracy of the output orthoimage. In this example.

The second image is added to the CellArray with the same settings as the first 13. LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support 27 . click OK in the job status dialog. 14. When the process is complete. The second image in the block file is added to the Ortho Resampling CellArray with the same parameters (for example. You can modify the settings of each image by clicking in the > column to make the image active. When the resampling is complete. cell size and constant elevation value) as the first image in the block file. A Job Status dialog opens to display the progress of the resampling. click OK 15. or in the CellArray. In the CellArray. Click OK in the Ortho Resampling dialog to start the resampling process. then changing settings in the dialog. click in the > column corresponding to the second image and scroll to see the settings.

1. 28 LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support . The orthoimages display in the Viewer. Click the Open icon to access a File Selector. through step 7. Click OK in the List of Recent Files dialog.Note. and your system resources. click the Viewer icon.. this process could take several minutes. 8. depending on the size of the images. 6. 2. If necessary. Make sure that the Fit to Frame and Background Transparent checkboxes are selected. you may choose either the Classic Viewer and the Geospatial Light Table. Click OK. Follow step 2. 4. selecting the second file for display in the Viewer. View the First Set of Orthoimages Now that you have two orthoimages of your IKONOS data. 5. the output orthoimage cell size. In the File Selector. 3. 7. click the Raster Options tab and make sure that Clear Display is not selected. On the ERDAS IMAGINE icon bar. you can examine them in a Viewer. Click the Recent button and select the first orthoimage.

Then you can compare this output with the results you get when you orthorectify the images using GCPs. In the Swipe dialog. Click the Zoom In icon . and click in the Viewer multiple times until you can see an area of sufficient detail. Use the slider bar to adjust the display of the images in the Viewer 2. 1. LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support 29 . select Swipe. The Viewer Swipe dialog opens. From the Utility menu in the Viewer. move the slider bar to the left and right to see how well the images overlap in the Viewer. 3.Check the Registration You can use the Swipe utility to see how accurately the images were orthorectified using only the information contained in the RPC file.

5. Close the Viewer. indicated by the green cells in each of the columns Even though you have completed the process. click Cancel in the Viewer Swipe dialog. Notice that each column of the LPS Project Manager CellArray (with the exception of the DTM column. which is a separate process) is green indicating that the process is complete. you can still backtrack and repeat steps to improve the registration of the images in the block file. 30 LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support .Road networks are a good place to check the geometric fidelity of the output images 4. you are going to select GCPs and specify a reference DEM with which to improve the output orthoimages’ accuracy. In the next series of steps. The process is complete (with the exception of the DTM generation). When you are finished checking the registration.

click in the > cell corresponding to the first image in the block. The Point Measurement tool opens. In the case of IKONOS imagery. ground control point coordinates that have been provided by the data vendor are added to the reference CellArray. You are going to add control points to the reference CellArray Add Control Points You can select well-distributed control points on each of the images with which to improve the correlation between the IKONOS images. LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support 31 . This ensures that the first image in the block appears in the Left View. click to select the Point Measurement icon . In the following steps. In the LPS CellArray. you can see how choosing GCPs and generating automatic tie points can considerably improve the results of your orthorectification. displaying the two IKONOS images in the block file. In this portion of the tour guide. On the LPS toolbar.Start the Point Measurement Tool The Point Measurement tool is designed to collect GCPs and tie points that are common to two images so that the images can be correlated. 2. 1. the RPC file that comes with the images contains valuable information that lessens the need to collect large numbers of control points.

Table 1: SD-GCP7 Reference Coordinates Point ID SD-GCP7 X Reference -117.000000). click the Add button. 2.696 Y File 605. Locate the points and place them in the two images using the Create Point tool . Right click in the column heading. Click in the Description cell and type SD-GCP7. The following table gives coordinates of the points. LPS Project Manager uses all the coordinate information you supply. This format information is not saved when you exit LPS Project Manager. You can optionally change the format of the columns to increase the number of places past the decimal. Click the Usage cell and select Control. 32 LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support . These coordinates are placed in the file CellArray at the bottom right of the Point Measurement tool.957 7. then Close to apply the new format. choose Format. Click Apply. 4. and Z Reference values into the reference CellArray. and enter the Custom Format (for example. Click the Type cell and select Full. In the Point Measurement tool. Click the Add button to add another point. 0. 6.31 NOTE: Even if all numerals past the decimal do not display in the cell.148912 Y Reference 32. input the X. Using the following table. 5. 3.835735 Z Reference 80.672 605. Y.078 4409. A new Point # is added to the reference CellArray at the bottom of the Point Measurement tool.1. 8. Click in the Description cell and type SD-GCP10. Table 2: SD-GCP7 File Coordinates GCP SD-GCP7 Image 1 2 X File 4412.

Click the Add button to add another point. Click the Usage cell and select Control.163992 Y Reference 32.984 2040. input the X.044 13. 10. Table 5: SD-GCP90 Reference Coordinates Point ID SD-GCP90 X Reference -117. 17. Locate the points and place them in the two images using the Create Point tool . Table 3: SD-GCP10 Reference Coordinates Point ID SD-GCP10 X Reference -117. LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support 33 . Locate the points and place them in the two images using the Create Point tool . 16. and Z Reference values into the reference CellArray.085834 Y Reference 32.9. input the X.814 Y File 2039.460 4737. Using the following table.749788 Z Reference 53.82 12. Using the following table.837056 Z Reference 132. 14. Y. The following table gives coordinates. Click the Type cell and select Full. The following table gives file coordinates. Click the Type cell and select Full. Click the Usage cell and select Control.42 18. Click in the Description cell and type SD-GCP90. Y. Table 4: SD-GCP10 File Coordinates GCP SD-GCP10 Image 1 2 X File 4747. and Z Reference values into the reference CellArray. 15. 11.

Y.142110 Y Reference 32. Your Point Measurement tool should look similar to the following. Click the Usage cell and select Control. Locate the points and place them in the two images using the Create Point tool .565 Y File 738. input the X.609 19.Table 6: SD-GCP90 File Coordinates GCP SD-GCP90 Image 1 2 X File 2005. 23. Click in the Description cell and type SD-GCP110. The following table gives coordinates. Click the Type cell and select Full. 22.54 24.880 25. 20.697 1568. and Z Reference values into the reference CellArray. Table 7: SD-GCP110 Reference Coordinates Point ID SD-GCP110 X Reference -117.606 738. 34 LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support .547 556. Click the Add button to add another point.201 Y File 1568. 21.597 2006. Using the following table.692361 Z Reference -31. Table 8: SD-GCP110 File Coordinates GCP SD-GCP110 Image 1 2 X File 542. Click Save in the Point Measurement tool.

Click Run to begin Auto Tie In this case. Click Run in the dialog. . the default settings in the dialog are appropriate. LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support 35 . Tie points can also improve your final orthoimages. In the Point Measurement tool. click the Auto Tie Properties icon The Automatic Tie Point Generation Properties dialog opens on the General tab. 1. 2.Reference coordinates are listed in this CellArray Corresponding file coordinates display here Start Auto Tie LPS Project Manager can automatically select tie points in your block file with the help of the control points you just selected.

Refine the Model with Polynomials With IKONOS data. 3. you can refine the sensor model with polynomials. the tie points are appended to the bottom of the reference CellArray in the Point Measurement tool. which are contained in the RPC file you specified in the Frame Editor dialog. in the Point Measurement 36 LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support . Click the Triangulation Properties icon tool. Click in the > column of one of the points to see its location in both images. Using these coefficients along with the GCPs creates a more accurate orthoimage. 1. Pixel coordinates for the tie points are located in the file CellArray If you wish. you can view each of the automatically generated tie points and deactivate the ones that are at the edges of the image by clicking in the Active column to remove the X.When the process is complete. The Rational Function Refinement dialog opens.

The Refinement Summary dialog opens. as used in this example. 3. 5. Click Accept in the Refinement Summary dialog. you apply polynomial corrections to the original rational function model. Make sure the Refinement with Polynomials checkbox is checked. or use the increment nudgers. applies an affine transformation.Click the checkbox to refine with polynomials—this improves the solution 2. Click Accept in the Rational Function Refinement dialog. The X Reference. In the Rational Function Refinement dialog. A 1st order. and Z Reference cells corresponding to the Tie points update. LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support 37 . Click in the Polynomial Order field and type 1. By using this option. click the Run button. This saves the refinement information to the block file. An order of 0 would result in a simple shift to both image x and y coordinates. 6. This option corrects remaining error and refines the mathematical solution. The total error is reported here If you wish. Y Reference. you can click the Report button to see a more detailed refinement report. 4.

0. 8. Click in the Active Area field and type 90. or click the Ortho Resampling icon . or use the increment nudgers to the right of the field. 5. Click in the Output File Name section and type a new name for the output orthoimage. Click the DTM Source dropdown list and select DEM. Click Close in the Point Measurement tool. 4. Click in the Ortho column to open the Ortho Resampling dialog. 38 LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support . Ortho Resample the Images Now.7. You are prompted as to whether or not you want to delete the orthoimage corresponding to the first image you created in the first part of this tour guide. The Ortho Resampling dialog opens: Select a DEM covering the area Set the active area to use a percentage of the original image Output cell sizes are measured in degrees Images to be resampled display in the CellArray 3. you can ortho resample the imagery. Click No in the Attention dialog. 1. Click Save in the Point Measurement tool. 2.

Click OK in the Ortho Resampling dialog to start the ortho resampling process. and maintain the value of 0. Click No in the Attention dialogs. Click the checkbox next to Ignore Value. NOTE: These cell sizes are measured in degrees. LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support 39 . 11. 8. you can add the other IKONOS image. 10. Click the Advanced tab in the Ortho Resampling dialog. The DEM you select must overlap the input images by at least 30% in order to be used in orthoresampling. When the process is complete. 9. click OK in the job status dialog. The Add Single Output dialog opens. 12. 13. You are prompted as to whether or not you want to delete the orthoimage corresponding to the second image you created in the first part of this tour guide. Give the output image a name. Click in the Output Cell Sizes fields and enter . cell size and constant elevation value) as the first image in the block file.6.00004 in both the X and Y fields. 18. Now that you have the parameters set. Make sure that the checkbox next to Use Current Cell Sizes is selected. 15. 7. 17. The second image in the block file is added to the Ortho Resampling CellArray with the same parameters (for example. A Job Status dialog opens to display the progress of the ortho resampling. 14. Click the Input File Name dropdown list to select the second image in the block file. not meters. Click the dropdown list next to DEM File Name and select Find DEM. Click the Add button at the bottom of the dialog. NOTE: You must supply your own DEM. and it inherits those parameters. 16. Click OK in the dialog to transfer the information back to the CellArray of the Ortho Resampling dialog. Select the DEM and click OK in the File Selector.

Click the Open icon to access a File Selector. 9. Click OK. 6. Click the Recent button and select the first orthoimage. Make sure that the Background Transparent checkbox is selected. Make sure that the Fit to Frame checkbox is selected. 40 LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support . and select the second file. The orthoimages display in the Viewer.. select the Viewer icon. On the ERDAS IMAGINE icon bar. 1. In the File Selector. through step 7. 4. 5. 7.Note. Compare the Results Now you can view the two sets of orthoimages in Viewers and compare the results of ortho resampling both without and with GCPs and tie points. 3. this process could take several minutes. Follow step 2. Click OK in the List of Recent Files dialog. 8. the output orthoimage cell size. 2. depending on the size of the images. and your system resources. click the Raster Options tab and make sure that Clear Display is not selected.

move the slider bar to the left and right to see how well the images overlap in the Viewer. 1. Click the Zoom In icon . and click in the image multiple times until you can see an area of sufficient detail in the Viewer. LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support 41 . 3.Check the Registration You can use the Swipe utility to see how accurately the images were orthorectified using only the information contained in the RPC file. From the Utility menu in the Viewer. The Viewer Swipe dialog opens. Then you can compare this output with the results you get when you orthorectify the images using GCPs. In the Swipe dialog. select Swipe. Use the slider bar to adjust the display of the images in the Viewer 2.

5.Road networks are a good place to check the overlap of the images 4. Compare the registration with the first set of orthoimages you created. 6. Click the plus sign to expand the list 42 LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support . Check Results in LPS You can see a graphical representation of the orthos you created in the LPS Project Overview window. Select File | Save in the LPS Project Manager. In the Block Tree View on the left-hand side of the dialog. click Cancel in the Viewer Swipe dialog. click the plus sign next to Orthos to expand the list. When you are finished checking the registration. 1.

To view a specific ortho in the Project Graphic Status window. LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support 43 . Resize the Block Tree View as necessary to see as much of the complete file names as you like. 3.2. select it either in the Orthos list or in the CellArray at the bottom of the LPS Project Manager.

With the Selector tool . Once you have finished reviewing the data. click on one of the Squares (Tie Points) or Triangles (Control Points) displayed in the image to see the Point Data for that point. 44 LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support . 5. click the Dismiss button to close the Point Data dialog.4.

on the LPS toolbar to save the changes to 7. close ERDAS IMAGINE by selecting Session | Exit IMAGINE. Close the Viewers by selecting File | Close. If you wish. you can learn how to create DTMs from your IKONOS data using LPS ATE. LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support 45 . 9. using a few GCPs and tie points can further improve the quality of the output orthoimages.6. Next Next. 8. Close LPS by selecting File | Exit. Conclusions While the RPC file associated with IKONOS imagery can provide valuable information regarding the interior and exterior orientation of an image to produce accurate orthoimages. Click the Save icon your block file.

46 LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support .

The steps you are going to perform in this tour guide include: • • • • • Create/open a block file. Click the LPS icon on the icon panel. Use the DTM in orthorectification of the images (optional). 2. If you need instructions on how to create a block file using IKONOS data. Set DTM extraction properties. 1. California. Check advanced extraction properties. This tour guide assumes that you already have a block file that you have created with LPS Project Manager. The LPS Project Manager opens. you can see how to use LPS ATE to extract DTMs from IKONOS imagery. Approximate completion time for this tour guide is 45 minutes.LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction IKONOS Support Introduction In this section of the tour guide. the steps are applicable to any IKONOS data. USA. The IKONOS data in this example is of San Diego. Generate the DTM of the IKONOS images. Start ERDAS IMAGINE. LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction IKONOS Support LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction IKONOS Support 47 47 . However. see "LPS Project Manager IKONOS Support". Create/Open a Block File You must supply your own data in order to execute the steps in this tour guide.

4. Click the Open icon at the top of the dialog. then click OK in the File Selector. The LPS Project Manager updates to include the new block file information.3. select the block file. A File Selector opens. from which you can select a pre-existing block file. 48 LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction IKONOS Support . Navigate to the appropriate directory.

It allows you to select the type of DTM you wish to create. or select The DTM Extraction dialog opens. 1. set the properties for extraction of the DTM from the IKONOS data. you can proceed directly to DTM extraction Set DTM Extraction Properties Now. select the DTM Extraction icon Process | DTM Extraction. as well as the parameters to apply during the extraction of the DTM. From the LPS toolbar. . LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction IKONOS Support 49 .All of the necessary parameters have already been defined.

Click the Advanced Properties button on the DTM Extraction dialog. The use of this option removes erroneous data that may appear at the edges of the images. In the Output Form section. output images are placed in your Default Output Directory as specified in your IMAGINE Preferences. 4. 3. an option to create a DTM Point Status image. To check the accuracy of the output DTM. This eliminates the need to subset at the end of the DTM extraction process. the Output DTM Type is DEM. Select Advanced Properties You can assign advanced properties to the images that are used in DTM extraction. Change the DTM Cell Size in X and Y if you wish. 50 LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction IKONOS Support .Output type is DEM by default Choose the form and give the output a name Trim the border to remove erroneous data By default. click the radio button next to Single DTM Mosaic. It has categories defining the accuracy of the DTM. and navigate By default. In the Output DTM File section. 5. which are inherited from the block file. You also have the opportunity here to generate a Contour Map corresponding to the output DTM. You can also generate quality images as well as contour images as well as DTMs using LPS ATE. You can select a contour interval that suits your application. then click OK in the File Selector. The General tab has information regarding the projection and units. General Tab The DTM Extraction Properties dialog opens on the General tab. Give the DEM a name. click the Open icon to a directory where you have write permission. 2. 1.

Click the View icon to open the views at the top of the dialog. The DTM Point Status image is in ERDAS IMAGINE . 1. The reduction occurs before DTM processing and reduces the edges of the images by a specified percent. 3. Create supplemental map and image by checking the checkboxes 2.Click the Image Pair tab. Click the checkbox next to Create Contour Map. Click the Image Pair tab. The Contour Map is in Shape file format. Image Pair Tab The Image Pair tab is used to evaluate image pairs and determine which image pairs you want to use for automated DTM extraction. and is designated with "_quality" appended to the file name. 4. and is designated with "_contour" appended to the file name. Click the checkbox next to Create DTM Point Status Output Image. If you select 10%.You also have the option to reduce the correlation area in the General tab. LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction IKONOS Support 51 . Only those image pairs that overlap by the specified overlap threshold are active.img format. In the Contour Interval field. 2. 5% is removed from each of the four sides of the output DTM. for example. change the value to 20.

Area Selection Tab The Area Selection tab is provided so that you can specify which geographic regions contained within an image pair are used for DTM extraction. 1. or are not used for DTM extraction. 2. and the DEM will be generated from it. 52 LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction IKONOS Support . It is designated Active. You can create custom strategies applicable to particular regions to improve the accuracy of your output DTM. Click the View icon to open the views at the top of the dialog.Image pairs in the block file are listed here in the CellArray Notice that there is only one image pair in the block file. Click the Area Selection tab.

3. This helps you to digitize regions in the Area Selection tab for the purpose of applying specific strategies. LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction IKONOS Support 53 .This is the OverView Tools for digitizing regions are here Regions are listed in the CellArray as they are created Notice that the OverView displays the extent of the correlation area in red. Click the View icon to open the views at the top of the dialog. Click the Accuracy tab. 5. check. an external DEM covering all or a portion of the image pair. and tie points you define. Accuracy Tab The Accuracy tab is provided so that you can define 3D reference information that is used to compute the accuracy of the output DTM. and the default overlap in white. Click the checkbox next to Use Block Tie Points. 4. 1. Click the checkbox next to Use Block GCPs. Click the checkbox next to Use External DEM. 3D reference information includes control. and tie points from the block file. 2.

The Graphic Status Display of the Accuracy tab updates accordingly. You are returned to the DTM Extraction dialog. select it. Click Run in the DTM Extraction dialog to start the process. Click the Open icon Selector.6. Options for computing accuracy are here Click a Row # to highlight that point in the Graphic Status Display 8. NOTE: You must supply your own DEM. and click OK in the File Selector. next to Use External DEM to open a File 7. Click OK in the Accuracy tab. When the extraction is complete. A status bar appears at the bottom of the LPS ATE dialog tracking the progress of the DTM extraction. Generate the DTM 1. 54 LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction IKONOS Support . the DTM column in the LPS CellArray becomes green. Navigate to the directly containing the DEM.

3. The DEM displays in the Viewer.View the DEM 1. NOTE: You may be prompted to choose either the Classic Viewer or the Geospatial Light Table. Click OK In the File Selector. select the Viewer icon. LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction IKONOS Support 55 . The DEM can now be used in other applications such as Stereo Analyst and IMAGINE VirtualGIS. On the ERDAS IMAGINE icon bar. 5. Click the Recent button and select the DEM you just created. Click the Open icon to access a File Selector. Click OK in the List of Recent Files dialog. You may need to fit the image to the window. 4. 2.

click the Open icon to access a File Selector. Navigate to the directory in which you saved the Contour Map (the same directory as the output DEM). 3. Check the Contour Map 1. 4. Select the file (it has a “_contour” element). The Contour Map can be viewed in conjunction with the DTM Point Status image to evaluate the accuracy of the output DTM. Clear the Viewer by clicking the Remove Contents from Viewer icon . 2. and click OK in the File Selector. 56 LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction IKONOS Support .6. In the open Viewer. Click the Files of type dropdown list and select Shapefile (*.shp). The Contour Map displays in the Viewer.

select Arrange Layers. 4. Click the Files of type dropdown list and select IMAGINE Image (*.Check the DTM Point Status Image 1.img). 8.img(:Layer_1). click the Open icon to access a File Selector. and 5. Click Apply in the Arrange Layers dialog. Vector: ikonos_dem_contour. hold. 2. Make sure that Fit to Frame is active. 3. 7. Click OK in the File Selector. and drag the raster layer. Make sure that Clear Display is not active. In the same Viewer. Arrange Layers 1. ikonos_dem_quality. 6. LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction IKONOS Support 57 . Select the file (it has a “_quality” element). below the vector layer. From the View menu. Click. The DTM Point Status image displays over the Contour Map in the Viewer. 2. Click the Raster Options tab. Navigate to the directory in which you saved the DTM Point Status image (the same directory as the output DEM). 3.shp.

see the LPS Project Manager User’s Guide and the LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction User’s Guide. 58 LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction IKONOS Support . Fair. By viewing the output files in this way. Resize the table by dragging the corners and sides to see all of the information. Check Attributes The DTM Point Status image has an attributes table that details the number of Excellent. you can identify areas that may benefit from post-processing. Good. and Suspicious points in the output DEM.The Contour Map displays over the DTM Point Status image. 2. located in the <IMAGINE_HOME>/help/hardcopy directory. From the Raster menu. Click Close in the Arrange Layers dialog. Isolated. select Attributes to open the Raster Attribute Editor table. For information about post-processing DTMs generated by LPS ATE. 4. 1.

Good. 2. see “Ortho Resample the Images” for instructions. Close ERDAS IMAGINE. Click File | Save in the LPS Project Manager. by selecting Session | Exit IMAGINE. Conclusions As this chapter has shown. Close the Project 1. Excellent. You can use these DTMs in other applications such as IMAGINE VirtualGIS and Stereo Analyst. Next.The number in the Histogram column corresponds to the number of pixels with the value of Background. 4. LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction IKONOS Support 59 . however. you might choose to ortho resample the images using the DEM you created. select File | Close. Isolated. Ortho Resample the Images At this point. 3. If you want to perform this process. if you wish. Fair. Close the Viewer. you can make highly accurate DTMs of your IKONOS data using LPS ATE. 3. and Suspicious. Click File | Exit in the LPS Project Manager to close LPS. you should check the DEM and perform any necessary post-processing. you can learn about the Stereo Analyst IKONOS functionality. First. When you are finished looking at the Raster Attribute Editor.

60 LPS Automatic Terrain Extraction IKONOS Support .

Select the metadata text file. click to select Stereo Analyst. Start ERDAS IMAGINE. View the IKONOS data in block file format. 3. Approximate completion time for this tour guide is 5 minutes. 2. Start Stereo Analyst Start from ERDAS IMAGINE You must supply your own data in order to execute the steps in this tour guide.Stereo Analyst IKONOS Support Introduction In this section of the tour guide. On the Stereo Analyst dialog... USA. Click this button An empty Stereo Analyst workspace opens. 1. the steps are applicable to any IKONOS data. Stereo Analyst IKONOS Support Stereo Analyst IKONOS Support 61 61 . you can see how to use Stereo Analyst to view and IKONOS images. Click the Stereo Analyst icon on the tool bar. The IKONOS data in this example is of San Diego. California. The steps you are going to perform in this tour guide include: • • • Open a Stereo Analyst workspace. However.

then click OK in the file selector dialog.tif file. Select File | Open | Add a Second Image for Stereo.blk) file. 3. you can create a block (*. From those files.Load IKONOS Images 1. select Open | Open an Image in Mono. That image loads in the Stereo Analyst Workspace. 62 Stereo Analyst IKONOS Support .tif file. then click OK in the file selector dialog Stereo Analyst reads the metadata. It is that block file which is opened in the Stereo Analyst workspace. Click to select a second *. From the File menu of the empty Stereo Analyst workspace. Click to select the *. 4. Select the file to reate a block 2.txt file and RPC files associated with the images listed in the metadata file.

or orthophotos. collect and measure 3D information. Z mass points and breaklines for triangulated irregular networks. buildings. Y. geocorrected imagery. and you can use it in Stereo Analyst to perform the following tasks: • collect true. three-dimensional geographic information in one simple step. automated feature collecting tools for collecting roads. and to higher accuracies than when using raw imagery. and parcels. • • • • • Stereo Analyst IKONOS Support 63 . attribute features automatically with attribute tables (both spatial and nonspatial attribute information associated with a feature can be input during collection). and import and export in 3D. real-world. collect X. and directly output and immediately use your 3D Shape files in ERDAS IMAGINE and ESRI Arc products.Use of the IKONOS Block File This block file is like any other. use timesaving.

64 Stereo Analyst IKONOS Support .Conclusions As you have learned. you can use it like any other block file. opening an IKONOS block file in Stereo Analyst is an easy process. Once the block file is displayed in the workspace.

Index Symbols *.gms file 12 L Load IKONOS images 62 M Metadata file 62 Metadata files 3 Model setup 17 A Accuracy tab 53 Add data to the block 18 Advanced properties 50 Area Selection tab 52 Attributes 58 Auto tie 35 Automatic tie point generation properties 35 P Point Measurement tool 31 Polynomial order 37 Polynomial refinement 36 Pyramid layers 20 R Rational function refinement 36 Rational Function Refinement dialog 37 Rational polynomial coefficient 3 Rational Polynomial Coefficients 21 Refine model 36 Refinement summary 37 Resample 10 RPC 3 RPC file 21 RPC file example 22 RPC Files 9 C Contour Map 56 Create Contour Map 51 Create DTM Point Status image 51 D Dialog Rational Function Refinement 37 Digital stereo model 3 Digital terrain model 3 DSM 3 DTM 3 DTM extraction properties 49 DTM Point Status image 57 S Set geometric model 8 Single-frame orthorectification 6 Start Stereo Analyst 61 F File format *.gms 12 Frame properties 23 T Triangulation properties 36 G GCP 3 General tab 50 Geo-correction 6 Geographic Lat/Lon 22 Geometric correction tools 10 Geometric model 8 Ground control point 3 V Viewer swipe 29. 41 I IGM 3 IKONOS model properties 8 IKONOS Sensor Model 17 Image geometric correction 6 Image geometry model 3 Image Pair tab 51 Index 65 .

66 Index .