NETSY

Software Package for Presentation, Supervision, Control and Analysis of the Large Power Network

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Telenerg Ltd. Savska 41/V Zagreb, CROATIA **385-1-6177-009 **385-1-6177-002 telenerg@telenerg.hr

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DISTRIBUTED NETSY SYSTEM

Picture shows full configuration Netsy system. Netsy is build on the latest database technology. Servers provide distributing database over wide area network. Thus Netsy become scalable groupware product that enables users to work together to make enterprise more effective. Netsy scale from single workstation over classic SCADA dual configuration to the enterprise. Most worker’s time is spent on documenting and communicating business processes. Improving these activities, connecting offices in the enterprise and serving shared data through different applications interfaces is main task of multiuser Netsy system. System, process & historical databases forms core of Netsy WAN database server. System database contain system data configuration such as users & permissions... Process & historical databases contain all real time information (measurements, signals) and commands. Netsy system provide interface to • BIS (Business Information System) • GIS (Geographical Information System) • TCS (Trouble Call System) • TIS (Technical Information System) GIS,TIS,TCS,BIS reside on Netsy WAN DB server or could be involved in Netsy system as outer existing server.

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STRUCTURE OF NETSY NODE

Graphic Picture Editor is a part of NETSY application which enables creating of vector colour pictures (drawings) of HV networks and MV distribution networks in the fast and simple way. Network picture system consists of topologically connected objects of network with their identifications. Pictures could contain also geographical charts, imported through AutoCad DXF format. They are used for background to drawn network elements. Network Model Integration is the process which automatically creates network model with all their objects from network pictures. Network model consists of network objects data, substation topology, network topology and their hierarchical structure. Network model and pictures are saved in the same database and they are connected logically. All the operation of supervision and control takes part through the network pictures.

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External Database Link creates data and relations in non-internal database from network model. The structure of external database must be predefined. Editing data in external database via NETSY is thus fast and user-friendly due to visual identification. Network model data are connected in NETSY system to real-time DBMS (SCADA subsystem), being spontaneously updated in the pictures and followed by topology calculation of HV and MV networks in real-time. Mode of Supervision and Control can be off-line and/or on-line. Process data from station PC SCADA, RTU-s and PLC-s are on-line refreshed. Also process data from Pole-Top RTU in MV network (disconnector terminal unit - DTU) are online refreshed, including on-line control of disconnector substations. The remaining MV network is off-line supervised and controlled.

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GRAPHIC PICTURE EDITOR
With Graphic Picture Editor pictures of HV and MV substation single-line and block diagrams can be created. Also global and/or detailed pictures of HV and MV networks, which contain substations connected by lines and transformers, can be created. Editor contains all needed symbols (circuit breakers, disconnectors, switching devices, transformers, ...) and tools for drawing lines, substation frames, buses and textual oriented part of pictures, fixed (object labels) as well as dynamic (object measurement data).

Drawing is simplified with activation of grid control which allow simple positioning of symbols. During the editing the tools can be used for copying, resizing, moving of selected objects. Also the attributes of objects (like colours, levels etc.) can be changed. All the edit operations save picture topology. Graphical editor allows fast object identification enter (for instance: substation objects are organised in fields and sections). The parts of the pictures that appear more than ones (for instance typical fields) can be defined only once and then they can be saved and called in other pictures.

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NETWORK MODELLING AND INTEGRATION
Network model contains data of network objects and their interconnected relations which are hierarchical (for instance substation contains voltage levels and transformers which connect them, voltage level contains sections, sections contain fields and fields contain circuit breakers and disconnectors) and topological (circuit breakers and disconnectors of one voltage level are connected in graph; lines and transformers connect voltage levels). The data in network model are dynamic states (for instance switching state, bus voltage state, grounded) and relatively fixed parameters of objects.

Network model is created by network model integration. Network model is incrementally modified by adding new drawing objects. If the same network model object is presented in more then one picture than the integration process will look after the data consistency. Consistency can be program tested. Process of integration can be examined and modified by several dialog boxes. The dialog box in the above figure presents structure of one substation voltage level with its nodes, objects connected to nodes, circuit breakers and disconnectors connected to nodes, lines and transformers connected to nodes.

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NETWORK PRESENTATION
The basis of all network operations are network pictures logically connected with the network model. The display space is large (picture can contain whole MV network of one city or area). The orientation on the picture is very easy using searching tools, zoom, scroll, property of defining and naming positions, property of connecting objects with defined positions in the same or other picture. At the same time several pictures, each in its own window can be presented. It is possible to watch the same picture in several windows. Data in all pictures are refreshed (updated) spontaneously depending on the state of network model.

Figure presents part of high voltage Croatian power network with substation block diagrams.

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Figure presents single line diagram TS Mraclin substation in Croatian power network.

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The figure above presents the part of 10 kV network with 10 kV feeders of 35/10 kV substations, which feed medium voltage substations. The picture shows the switching states of circuit breakers and disconnectors in the single-line diagram with disconnected parts of the 10 kV network. Different colours distinguish voltage levels as well as topologic states (for instance loops) of objects.

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The figure bellow presents the single-line diagram of one 35/10 kV substation, which is a part of the 35 kV network presented by several substation block diagrams connected with lines. The block diagrams follow network topology automatically in the very clear and simple way.

The pictures can be printed on the printer or plotter.

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Geographical Information System
NETSY views can also contain Geographic Information Systems GIS charts, which means that it is possible to draw elements of power networks according to the real environment, in WCS (World Cordinate System). It is possible to scroll down, zoom in and out and move around in views that contains GIS images.

The figure above presents above 110 kV and 35 kV networks with their geographic background. The geographic chart is to be imported.

NETSY™ system enables extremely easy picture creation for medium-voltage and low-voltage networks on land plan with correct metrics and topology. There are numerous symbols for network objects linked to data records. The charts with land plan can be imported. - 10 -

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Ţhe figure down display presentation of 10 and 0.4 kV distribution network with their land plan background.

Low-voltage lines and cables on the land plan are connected to feeders on single-line diagram of substation ( for inst. S/S 10/0.4 kV ). Also, the 10 kV ( 35, 110 kV ) lines and cables presented on land plan have logical connection to lines on the 10 kV ( 35, 110 kV ) network picture ( they represent the same entity ).

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SUPERVISION AND CONTROL
Supervision and control is done through the network pictures where the statuses and states (entered manually or/and received from SCADA system) of objects are presented. Every change is automatically updated in the network model. Depending on the object type the change is effected in the network topology state (connection, loop, multiple supply from incoming feeders) in all pictures and entered in the list of events, effecting the various external network calculations. The change of switching state of circuit breakers and disconnectors automatically provides the new working network topology, the new separated sub networks, loops, and multiple supplies from incoming feeders for MV substations. Following the working topology and voltage state (measured or manually entered) the objects are coloured accordingly.

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COMMUNICATION WITH STATION COMPUTER

Netsy system provide remote supervision of substation with build in station computers or remote terminal units (RTU). In the case of applying RTUs on station level instead IEC 870-5 communication driver for communication

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POLETOP SUPERVISION & CONTROL
Netsy can communicate with Pole Top devices. Through Netsy system user can control & perform collecting following information: - signals and alarms - measurements - fault detection (option: fault isolation) - disturbance recorder

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ALARM AND EVENT HANDLING
Netsy system distinguish events, chronological events, alarms and faults. Alarms can be activated by the process and by the system itself. New alarm can activate sound signal. User can analyse alarms and faults in alarm list using sort and filter functions. Netsy gives a possibility for defining measurement alarms . User can change colours which describe alarms status. For sequential event recording, events are time marked, sorted in chronological order. Events from all lists can be printed or saved to floppy disk.

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TRENDS
Real-time trend objects are dynamic. They provide ability to chart and plot changes as they occur for any specified value. On one trend window you can display up to four measurement. User can open many trend windows at the same time.

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HISTORICAL TRENDS
Historical trends are not dynamic. They are image of snapshot data from a historical measurement database. Unlike real-time trends, historical trends only update on user request. Their purpose is to analyse measurements with many adequate functions as standard deviation, average ,minimum or maximum value in time interval. Historical trend charts can also be scrolled by any amount of time.

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Business Information System
Netsy system has possibility to connect itself to an external Business Information System (BIS) or to create own BIS. BIS provide all information about power network consumers. For example network model database contains the data about consumers and 0.4 kV voltage level substations. It is possible to find which substations supply a consumer and which consumers are supplied by a substation. There is also the list of all consumers.

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Technical Information System
Netsy system has Technical Information System which provide all technical information about power network devices. TIS configurator automatically forms a consistent database (ORACLE, SQL Server) from the NETSY network model. After the TIS database is formed, it is possible to use TIS either directly, or through the NETSY package where an object has to be selected in a view and data in the TIS database has to be entered/modified in a dialog box. Examples of dialog boxes for TIS data entry are shown in the pictures. It is possible to choose a view in which objects described in the TIS database have a

different colour.

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OPEN SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE
NETSY system can be connected to various: • external database servers • other SCADA systems • calculation programs as − System Planning, − Maintenance Planning and Statistics, − Load Forecasting Calculation, − Distribution Load Flow Calculation, − Short Circuits Calculation.

CONFIGURATION
NETSY software package is object-oriented system developed on the Microsoft Windows 2000 operating system primary with Microsoft Visual C++ programming language. NETSY sytem is scalable solution which scales from single workstation (single substation) through large WAN networked server/client architecture with distributed database & objects (all region/country/state power network HV,MV, LV). NETSY workstation system is already extremely fast with IBM PC Pentium II compatible machine with 64 Mb RAM .

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