©COMPUTERS AND STRUCTURES, INC.

, BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA SEPTEMBER 2002

STEEL FRAME DESIGN BS 5950-2000

Technical Note

Calculation of Capacity Ratios
This Technical Note describes the calculation of capacity ratios when the user selects the BS 5950-2000 code, including local capacity check, overall buckling check, and shear capacity check.

Overview
In the calculation of the axial force/biaxial moment capacity ratios, first, for each station along the length of the member, for each load combination, the actual member force/moment components are calculated. Then, the corresponding capacities are calculated. Then, the capacity ratios are calculated at each station for each member under the influence of each of the design load combinations. The controlling compression and/or tension capacity ratio is then obtained, along with the associated station and load combination. A capacity ratio greater than 1.0 indicates exceeding a limit state. During the design, the effect of the presence of bolts or welds is not considered. Also, the joints are not designed.

Local Capacity Check
For members under axial load and moments, local capacity ratios are calculated as follows:

Under Axial Tension
A simplified approach allowed by the code is used to check the local capacity for plastic and compact sections. Ft M 33 M 22 + + pt M c 33 M c 22 (BS 4.8.2.2)

Under Axial Compression
Similarly, the same simplified approach is used for axial compression.

Overview

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3.1M 2 + 0. m.3.1-2) The overall buckling is also checked for tension members using the formulas similar to those used for compression members. Table 18. which are conducted at the section level. M33.8.8.2+abs   M max  where M1 and M5 are end moments.8.3.8.3. The equivalent uniform moment factor for flexural buckling.6M 3 + 0.3. The stress ratios are calculated as follows: m33 M 33 m M + 22 22 Z 33 py Z 22 py mLT M 33 m M + 22 22 Mb Z 22 py (BS 4.3. M2.3.4. Table 26).  Table 26)  Overall Buckling Check Page 2 of 3 .3. and MLT as used in the above equations are calculated according to the code (BS 4.8.3.1-1) (BS 4.Steel Frame Design BS 5950-2000 Calculation of Capacity Ratios Fc M 33 M 22 + + Ag p y M c 33 M c 22 (BS 4.  M   ≥ 0.2) Overall Buckling Check In addition to local capacity checks.8.8 abs  24 M   max   (BS 4. and M4 are the moments at quarter points. a compression member with bending moments is also checked for overall buckling in accordance with the following interaction ratios: Fc m M m M + 33 33 + 22 22 pc Z 33 py Z 22 py Fc m M m M + LT 33 + 22 22 pc 22 Mb Z 22 py (BS 4.3. . M3. for any axis (2-2 or 3-3) is calculated as  0.1-2) The factors M22.3.8.3. except that the axial force is assumed to be zero.4.1-1) (BS 4.3.1M 4 m = 0.

For the destabilizing loading condition. and M4. M4. In determining M22 and M33. Pv 3 Shear Capacity Check Page 3 of 3 . M4. shear capacity ratios for major and minor directions are produced for each of the load combinations as follows: Fv 2 . M2.0.44 M max Shear Capacity Check From the factored shear force values and the shear capacity values at each station.8. The above equation for m applies for both major (M33) and minor (M22) directions.2 + where M2.15 abs( M 2 ) + 0. It is taken as the absolute maximum of M1. the appropriate moment values are used.6. Similarly to M22 and M33.3.15 abs( M 4 ) ≥ 0.Steel Frame Design BS 5950-2000 Calculation of Capacity Ratios Mmax is the maximum moment in the segment.3. the equivalent uniform moment factor for lateraltorsional buckling. In the program. M3.0 (BS 4. and so MLT is conservatively taken as 1.4.3. although they are taken to be about the major axis of bending The equation for MLT is applicable for members with stabilizing loading conditions. MLT. 0. Table 18): MLT = 0. and Mmax are as defined for flexural buckling. and Pv 2 Fv 3 . It is taken as the absolute maximum of M2. all members are assumed to be loaded by destabilizing loading conditions. the appropriate value of MLT is 1. M3. M3.6).5 abs( M 3 ) + 0. is calculated based on the major axis moments as follows (BS 4. M24 is the maximum moment in the central half of the segment. and M5.