Bob Gernat Satin American

NFPA Disclaimer: Although Bob Gernat is a member of NFPA, the views and opinions expressed in this presentation are purely the author’s and shall not be considered an official position of the NFPA or any of its Technical Committees and shall not be consider to be, nor to be relied upon as, a formal interpretation or promotion of the NFPA. Participants are encouraged to refer to the entire text of all referenced documents.

 130.7(C)(15)

Hazard/Risk Category Classifications  130.7(C)(16) Protective Clothing and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)  Annex H - Guidance on Selection of Protective Clothing and other Personal Protective Equipment

 Hazard/Risk

Category Classifications

 Task-based  Based on specific equipment  Based on the limitations stated in the headers  Are limited in their use  Are not based on calculations .

7 (C) (15) (a) ◦ One for dc 130.7 (C) (9) Hazard/Risk Category Classifications – Rubber Glove .7 (C) (15) (b) New table for choosing HRC for dc power systems Notes from bottom of Table are now in headers ◦ Should make them more noticeable ◦ New notes added giving Arc Flash Boundary and working distances are added to header .Insulating Tools Now two tables ◦ One for ac 130.    Formerly 130.

control centers (MCC)” was split into two parts to reflect the difference in hazard level from working inside the bucket and working on the main bus. The equipment category “600V class motor The device “Switchboards” in the category  . “Panelboards or Switchboards Rated >240V and up to 600V” was moved to category “600V class switchgear with power circuit breakers or fused switches”.




 State of charge ◦ Battery at partial discharge will not operate OCPD as quickly as fully charged ◦ Will OCPD operate within 2 seconds? What is the short circuit available current ◦ 320.3(C)(1) requires that the battery manufacturer be consulted for value  .

8 Direct-Current Incident Energy Calculations ◦ New section for Methods of Calculations for DC systems . D.

 Protective Clothing and Personal Protective Equipment     Formerly 130.7(C)(10) Clothing and PPE matrix HRC 2* eliminated HRC 2 tasks will require the use of a balaclava ◦ Concerns about back of head and face .


Guidance on Selection of Protective Clothing and Other Personal Protective Equipment .



 New table H.3(b) added for guidance on selection of arc rated clothing and other PPE for users who conduct a hazard analysis to determine the incident energy exposure in calories/cm2 ◦ Less than or equal to1.2 to 12 cal/cm2 ◦ Greater than 12 cal/cm2 .2 cal/cm2 ◦ Greater than 1.



4(a) for low-voltage systems H.4(b) for high-voltage systems ◦ For use of 8 and 40 cal/cm2 arc flash PPE and clothing   . Shows maximum short circuit current for various standard system voltages and operating times H.




Arc-rated is used. •Flame-resistant (FR) will no longer be used in the standard. but not all FR is arcrated. •Calories/cm2 (cal/cm2) is the preferred designation for arc-rated clothing and PPE. Joules/cm2 (J/cm2) is secondary •Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment is used instead of Hazard/Risk Evaluation  . All arc-rated clothing is FR.Fine Print Notes (FPN) have been changed to Informational Notes (IN) to harmonize with the NEC style. instead.

and raceways. “This standard addresses electrical . and demolition of electrical conductors. electric equipment.” Covered. maintenance. signaling and communications conductors and equipment. operation. inspection. safety-related work practices for employee workplaces that are necessary for the practical safeguarding of employees relative to the hazards associated with electrical energy during activities such as the installation.

machine shops. substation. warehourses. or control center . garages. such as office buildings. and recreational buildings that are not an integral part of a generating plant. “This standard also includes safe work practices for employees performing other work activities that can expose them to electrical hazards as well as safe work practices for the following: ◦ (1) Installations of conductors and equipment that connect to the supply of electricity ◦ (2) Installations used by the electric utility.

 Many definitions were deleted that are not used in the current edition •Some of these definitions were used when the 70E had a Chapter 4. “Installation Safety Requirements”. .

2) and EBT (IN No. 3) New definition for Incident Energy Analysis Working On (energized conductor or circuit parts) – the words “Intentionally coming” in contact were added .    Arc Flash Protection Boundary changed to Arc Flash Boundary (AFB) Arc Rating now includes ASTM definitions for ATPV (IN No.

2 “Purpose” 110.4 and made 105 110.3 “Responsibility” 110.4 “Organization”   No wording changes .1 to 110.1 “Scope” 110. Work Practices” ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ New Article “Application of Safety-Related •Took 110.

  110.” .1(C) Relations with Outside Contractors “There shall be a documented meeting between the host employer and the contract employer.

including CPR and automatic defibrillator (AED) use.” . ………… Training of employees in approved methods of resuscitation. shall be certified by the employer annually. “Employees responsible for taking action in case of emergency shall be trained in methods of release of victims from contact with exposed energized electrical conductors or circuit parts.

through  regular supervision and through inspections conducted on at least an annual basis that each employee is complying with the safetyrelated work practices required by this standard.” (3)(d) “Retraining shall be performed at intervals not to exceed 3 years” . (1)(f) “The employer shall determine.

……. “The documentation shall contain the content of the training. and dates of training. each employee’s name.” .

 “An electrical safety program shall identify the procedures for working within the Limited Approach Boundary and for working within the arc flash boundary before work is started” ◦ Racking of circuit breakers or MCC removal/insertion could create hazard. even with door closed .

 Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment Procedures – Clarifies that a Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment must be performed when working within the Limited Approach Boundary and the Arc Flash Boundary. .

” . “Additional job briefings shall be held if changes. occur during the course of the work. More OSHA language was added from 29CFR1910.269. that might affect the safety of the employees.

  “The electrical safety program shall be audited to verify the principles and procedures of the electrical safety program are in compliance with this standard. . The frequency of the audits shall not exceed three years.

 “Field work shall be audited to verify the  110. the appropriate revisions to the training program or revisions to the procedures shall be made. When the auditing determines that the principles and procedures of the electrical safety program are not being followed.” .” “The audit shall be documented.3(H)(3)  requirements contained in the procedures of the electrical safety program are being followed.

” . and voltage measuring within the Limited Approach Boundary of energized electrical conductors or circuit parts operating at 50 volts or more or where an electrical hazard exists. troubleshooting. “Only qualified persons shall perform tasks such as testing.

air.” . “The hazard/risk evaluation procedure could also include identifying when the use of portable tools and equipment powered by sources other than 120 volts ac such as batteries. should be used to minimize the potential for injury from electrical hazards for tasks performed in conductive or wet locations. etc. hydraulics.

Where employees working outdoors operate or use equipment supplied by other than 125 volt. 20-. 15-. “(2) Outdoors. Employees shall be provided with GFCI protection where required by applicable state. GFCI protection shall be provided when an employee is outdoors and operating or using cord. federal or local codes and standards. 20or 30-ampere circuits. .” (D) GFCI protection devices shall be tested in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions. or 30-ampere circuits. Listed cord sets or devices incorporating listed ground-fault circuit-interrupter protection for personnel identified for portable use shall be permitted. an assured equipment grounding conductor program shall be implemented.and plug-connected equipment supplied by 125 volt. “(1) General. 15-.

the employer shall take the necessary steps to contact the appropriate owners or authorities to identify and mark the location of the electrical lines or equipment. “Before excavation starts and where there exists reasonable possibility of contacting electrical or utility lines or equipment.” . When it has been determined that a reasonable possibility for contacting electrical lines or euipment exists. a hazard analysis shall be performed to identify the appropriate safe work practices that shall be used during the excavation.

•Individual control procedure was eliminated -Did not meet OSHA regulations -OSHA stated it would be cited if used .

 “Retraining shall be established as the established procedure is revised.” .

1 “All requirements of this article shall apply whether an incident energy analysis is completed or if Table 130.7(C)(16) are utilized in lieu of an incident energy analysis in accordance with 130.” .5. Exception.  130.7(C)(15)(a) and Table 130.

an employee performs work if either of the following conditions exist: •(1)The employee is within the Limited Approach Boundary. •(2)The employee interacts with equipment where conductors or circuit parts are not exposed, but an increased risk of injury from exposure to an arc flash exists.

“Energized electrical conductors or circuit parts to which an employee might be exposed shall be put into an electrically safe work condition before

Exception: Where a disconnecting means or isolating element that has been properly installed and maintained is operated, opened, closed, removed or inserted to achieve an electrically safe work condition for connected equipment or to return connected equipment to service that has been placed in an electrically safe work condition, the equipment supplying the disconnecting means or isolating element shall not be required to be placed in an electrically safe work condition provided a risk assessment is performed and does not identify unacceptable risks for the task.

“When working within the limited approach

boundary or the arc flash boundary of exposed energized conductors or circuit parts that are not placed in an electrically safe work condition, work to be performed shall be considered energized electrical work and shall be performed by written permit only.“

(5) Results of the arc flash hazard analysis (see 130.5) a. Available incident energy or Hazard Risk Category. b. Necessary personal protective equipment to safely perform the assigned task. c. Arc flash boundary [see 130.5 (A)]

Permit Elements

  Sample of an Energized Electrical Work Permit Three parts: ◦ Part I: To be completed by requester: ◦ Part II: To be completed by electrically qualified persons doing the work ◦ Part III: Approval(s) to perform the work while electrically energized .

2(C) -130.• Approach boundaries for shock protection -130.4(C)(a) for ac Formerly 130.4(C)(b) for dc added .



” .4(D)(2). no unqualified person shall be permitted to approach nearer than the limited approach boundary of energized electrical conductors or circuit parts. “Unless permitted by 130.

the incident energy at . and the personal protective equipment that people within the arc flash boundary shall use.” “An arc flash hazard analysis shall determine the arc flash boundary. working the distance.

 Deletes the exception formerly in 130.” .3 and adds Informational Note No. 5 •“See IEEE 1584 for more information regarding arc flash hazards for three-phase systems rated less than 240 volts.

 •130.” Arc Flash Boundary .2 cal/cm2).5(A) eliminates 4’ pre-calculated “default” AFB “The arc flash boundary for systems 50 volts and greater shall be the distance at which the incident energy equals 5 J/cm2 (1.

“Electrical equipment such as switchboards. industrial control panels. servicing or maintenance while energized shall be field marked with a label containing all the following information:” . and motor control centers that are in other than dwelling units and are likely to require examination. panelboards. adjustments.  (C) Equipment Labeling. meter socket enclosures.

Highest Hazard/Risk Category (HRC) for the equipment .-(1) At least one of the following:   -(2) Nominal system voltage -(3) Arc flash boundary a. b. d. Required level of PPE. Minimum arc rating of clothing. . Available incident energy and the corresponding working distance. c.

The method of calculating and data to support the information for the label shall be documented. “Exception: Labels applied prior to September 30. 2011 are acceptable if they contain the available incident energy or required level of PPE.” .

 movement of the door.” “Doors. hinged panel and the like is likely to create a hazard. hinged panels and the like shall be secured to prevent their swinging into an employee and causing the employee to contact exposed energized electrical conductors or circuit parts rated at 50 volts or more or where an electrical hazard exists if .

 “Employees shall not perform housekeeping duties inside the Limited Approach Boundary where there is a possibility of contact with exposed energized conductors or circuit parts.” . unless adequate safeguards (such as insulating equipment or barriers) are provided to prevent contact.

employees shall be protected from hazards associated with the impending failure of the equipment by suitable barricades and other alerting techniques necessary for the safety of the employees. “Until the equipment is de-energized or repaired.” .

 “It is the collective experience of the Technical Committee on Electrical Safety in the Workplace that normal operation of enclosed electrical equipment. operating at 600 volts or less. that has been properly installed and maintained by qualified persons is not likely to expose the employee to an electrical hazard.” .

the worker shall wear personal protective equipment in accordance with 130.4. “When an employee is working within the Restricted Approach Boundary.” .

 “Employees shall wear hearing protection whenever working within the arc flash boundary.” .

 “EH (Electrical Hazard) shoes meeting ASTM F 2413 can provide a secondary source of electric shock protection under dry conditions” .

it can.70E committee concerned about misinterpretation of ASTM F1959 “Garments that are not arc-rated shall not be permitted to be used to increase the arc rating of a garment or a clothing system.Clothing that is not arc-rated cannot be used to In fact.•Factors in Selection of Protective Clothing . but must be under very strict circumstances .” - increase the total system arc rating  .

” . “An arc-rated balaclava shall be used with an arc-rated face shield when the back of the head in within the Arc Flash Boundary. An arc-rated hood shall be permitted to be used instead of an arc-rated face shield and balaclava.

” (c) Face Protection  “Face shields with a wrap-around guarding to protect the face. chin and forehead.” . (b)(2) “An arc-rated hood shall be used when the anticipated incident energy exceeds 12 cal/cm2. neck area shall be used. ears.

7mm). nonmelting fabrics. “Heavy duty leather gloves are made entirely of leather with a minimum thickness of 0. are unlined or lined with nonflammable. Heavyduty leather gloves meeting this requirement have been shown to have ATPV values in excess of 10 cal/cm2.03 in.” . (0.

nylon. polypropylene. zipper tapes. such as acetate.” . shall not be used. and spandex. acrylic.“Clothing consisting of fabrics. polyethylene. polyester. either alone or in blends. and findings made from flammable synthetic materials that melt at temperatures below 315°C (600°F).

” . “The leather protectors worn over rubber insulating gloves provide additional arc flash protection for the hands for arc flash protection exposure.

“Informational Note No.. 2: The collective experience of the task group is that in most cases closed doors do not provide enough protection to eliminate the need for PPE for instances where the state of the equipment is known to readily change (e.” . rack in or rack out). doors open or closed.g.

1 and Informational Note No. based on the consensus judgment of the full NFPA 70E Technical Committee.” . “The premise used by the Task Group in developing the criteria for Informational Note No. 2 is considered to be reasonable.

” . shall be maintained in a legible condition and kept current. where provided for the electrical system. “A single line diagram.

” . “Electrical equipment shall be maintained in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions or industry consensus standards to reduce the risk of failure and the subsequent exposure of employees to electrical hazards.

” . “ Maintenance. tests and inspections shall be documented.

not 70E . All references to installation requirements were removed  Falls under NEC.

” “(8) Using and appropriately maintaining the PPE and tools required to perform the work safely. The employee is responsible for the following:   “(1) Understanding the hazards associated with the work. Employee Responsibility.” .

“DC Incident Energy Calculations” .• If operating time of OCPD exceeds two seconds.8.May not be adequate if in bucket truck or other area/equipment  Adds a new Annex D.Most studies use a 2 second cutoff . estimated total exposure time must be considered for arc flash study .

” .•“If the arcing time.3(c) is longer than two seconds. It is likely that a person exposed to an arc flash will move away quickly if it is physically possible and two seconds is a reasonable maximum time for calculations. Sound engineering judgment should be applied in applying the 2 second maximum clearing time. in equation D.7. t. consider how long a person would likely remain in the location of the arc flash. a person in a bucket truck or a person who has crawled into equipment may need more time to move away. because there may be circumstances where an employee’s egress is inhibited. For example.

Contact: Bob Gernat Satin American (203) 929-6363 .For More Information.