1 Tina Do 301219194 English 105W – Tutorial Group #5 Professor: N. Didicher T.A.: A.

McDonald “Apples to Apples”: The Changing Methods of Poisoning “Snow White” Many versions of “Snow White” recycle the bound motif of her enchanted death. In Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm‟s version from 1812/1815, the eponymous character falls victim to a poisonous apple given to her by her malicious stepmother-in-disguise. In Laurence Anholt‟s picture book Snow White and the Seven Aliens from 1998 (republished in 2004), the heroine becomes afflicted in a figuratively similar sense. Snow White is “poisoned” by the cruel words the “Mean Queen” (7) spouts, and “dies” from stage fright. These differences in the manner in which Snow White encounters her “sleeping death” in the two tales highlight the shifts and changes in values between the cultural and social environments of each story‟s respective time period. The Grimm Brothers‟ nineteenth-century heroine is the quintessential image of innocence and beauty. Unfortunately, because Snow White is “beautiful as the day” (148), the young woman rivals the “proud and overbearing” (147-148) Queen and becomes a point of fixation for her. The Queen, whose “envious heart” (152) and narcissism dominate her actions, attempts to rid herself permanently of her rival but is thwarted by the kind-hearted nature of the huntsman. Subsequently, she tries to tempt the naïve Snow White into death with “pretty things” (150), which include enchanted and deadly “laces of all colors” (150), a beautiful comb, and a “lovely apple” (152). In the end, the Queen succeeds, albeit temporarily; Snow White is unable to resist the lure of the apple and “[falls] to the floor dead” (152).

Anholt‟s modern spin on Snow White‟s “death” reflects Hage and Powers‟ idea that “knowledge and technology [are] the dominant social forces shaping society” (3). The stepmother‟s attempts to destroy Snow White‟s career in the 1998 re-telling is characteristic of both the twentieth and the twenty-first century. 445) Reflected in “Snow White” . Anholt‟s use of words as the cause of Snow White‟s “sleeping death” also foreshadows the radical changes in in society with the introduction of new technology in the twenty-first century. Though “Germany was never completely and thoroughly Christianized” (Pinson. Anholt‟s portrayal of Snow White as an aspiring “pop star” (5).whose longing “for the lovely apple” (152) causes her death the Grimm Brothers allude to the importance of religion in by casting Snow White‟s death as a representation of Eve‟s original sin in The Holy Bible. 4) Windling notes that the Grimm Brothers continuously edited their works over time to emphasize their “good Protestant values” (Holborn. Various forms of social media and concepts such as cyber-bully emphasize the stark contrasts between the values of early nineteenth-century Germany and late twentieth century Britain. As the “Mean Queen” spouts venomous words. she plays upon Snow White‟s insecurities and effectively “poisons” the young girl‟s mind with feelings of inferiority (48-49). and imply that decorum and conservative interests are integral to a person‟s identity.2 In the early 1800s. In contrast. rather than propriety and scruples. 23) was still largely dominated by the power of the church. 386-422. both knowledge and language can be easily manipulated and used to cause harm because of the disregard of morality and ethics. . and the cause of her “death” reflects the changes in social and cultural values in twentieth-century Britain. „separated and ravaged by wars” (Sauders. Germany. In a society that is no longer dominated by a “strong sense of religion” (Sauders. 27).

but negative in that many young people these days are “poisoned” by “Mean Queen[s]” who manipulate language and use the knowledge of certain social and cultural contexts to afflict others. Though the causes of Snow White‟s enchanted death differ in the two tales. . teenagers emerging into the confusing technology-dominated twenty-first century might disagree. The socio-cultural dynamics of the nineteenth-century may seem simplistic but at least structured and comprehensible in comparison to the complicated reality of the world of today. the differences highlight and reflect the changing social and cultural contexts in nineteenth-century Germany and twentieth-century Britain.3 The liberation of society in the twentieth century from being largely dominated by religion can be seen as positive in the sense that females are no longer confronted by the notion that they caused the fall of man. Whilst most people would view such changes in cultural milieu as positive.

" Marvels & Tales 16. Newbury Park. Folk & Fairy Tales. Dystopia. MN: Compass Point. Folk & Fairy Tales. Print. Peterborough. Holborn. N. 4th ed. Stephen. Print. 2009. A History of Modern Germany: 1648-1840.l. "Snow White.cgjungpage. 1992. Flynn. Jerald. Roberts. Bynner. Print. Rowe.1 (1997): 1-15. Martin Hallett and Barbara Karasek. <http://www. 4th ed.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=677&Itemi d=40>. Modern Germany: Its History and Civilization. Web. Trans. <http://digitalcommons. Culture and Life . "British Youth Transitions in Comparative Perspective. 2011. Ont. Girls. White as Snow.1 (2001): 5-23. CA: Sage Publications. Print. 147-153 Print. 2000. New York: Tor. Print. 2004.edu/marvels/vol16/iss2/5>. Robyn. Web. May 2005. 2009. 2000." Ed." Leisure Studies 16. 1964. Saunders. Terri. Karen. K. Princeton. Higonnet. "Same Activities.: Broadview. 1989. Koppel S. Jacob. and Wilhelm. and Klaus Epstein. Llc.The Jung Page. Martin Hallett and Barbara Karasek." Journal of Youth Studies 4. 1. Print. John. 1 Oct." Reflections on Psychology. Ralph Manheim." Ed. Minneapolis. Print. Toys: Gender in Children's Literature and Culture. Grimm. Peterborough. Print. Snow White and the Seven Aliens. and Margaret R. Boys.. and Charles H. Hage. NJ: Princeton UP. Introduction. Grimm. Powers. Print. Different Meanings: British Youth Cultures in the 1990s. Post-industrial Lives: Roles and Relationships in the 21st Century. and Arthur Robins. Pinson.wayne.org/index. . John and McCallum. and Cultural Controversy in Ever After and The Grimm Brothers’ Snow White. John Hanson. Laurence. "Feminism and Fairy Tales. Print. By Tanith Lee. Stephens. "Utopia. Prospect Heights. "Analysis of Snow White and the Seven Dwarves. [S.2 (2002). 342-58. 2013. Clark.. Ont.]: Bibliobazaar.p. Evolution of Snow White: A Close Textual Analysis of Three Versions of the Snow White Fairy Tale. Books. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP. Windling.: Broadview. Hajo..4 Works Cited Anholt. Beverly Lyon. IL: Waveland.

and for giving me some input and feedback regarding the length and structure of some sentences.5 Assistance Acknowledged I would sincerely like to thank my tutorial partner Victoria Fung for helping me edit the first draft of this Comparison Assignment. I would also like to thank my friend Peter Lomas for further helping me edit my draft and aiding in correcting my grammatical errors. .